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Iowa State University

2006

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Report To The Provost From The Task Force To Review Dialogues On Diversity, Task Force To Review Dialogues On Diversity, Iowa State University Dec 2006

Report To The Provost From The Task Force To Review Dialogues On Diversity, Task Force To Review Dialogues On Diversity, Iowa State University

Office of the Provost Reports

One of the action items arising from the work of the Campus Climate Implementation Team and the President’s Advisory Committee on Diversity was a request from the President to the Provost to review the Dialogues on Diversity course. The Provost instructed this Task Force to review the current Dialogues on Diversity course to determine how it should be continued for optimal impact and to determine whether it is appropriate to add a “Dialogues—Part 2” to the curriculum. The Provost’s charge to the Task Force also asked for recommendations that include details on the following components of the ...


Women And Higher Education In Russia: Preparation For Careers In The Apparel Industry, Nancy N. Hodges, Elena E. Karpova Nov 2006

Women And Higher Education In Russia: Preparation For Careers In The Apparel Industry, Nancy N. Hodges, Elena E. Karpova

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

in light of the social, political, and economic upheavals experienced in Russia during the past decade, the purpose of this study was to explore the motivations, expectations, and perceptions held by female students enrolled in apparel programs.


Human Sciences Matters (Fall 2006), Iowa State University College Of Human Sciences Oct 2006

Human Sciences Matters (Fall 2006), Iowa State University College Of Human Sciences

College of Human Sciences Matters

No abstract provided.


Characteristics Of A Cognitive Tool That Helps Students Learn Diagnostic Problem Solving, Jared A. Danielson, Eric M. Mills, Pamela J. Vermeer, Vanessa A. Preast, Karen M. Young, Mary M. Christopher, Jeanne W. George, R. Darren Wood, Holly Bender Sep 2006

Characteristics Of A Cognitive Tool That Helps Students Learn Diagnostic Problem Solving, Jared A. Danielson, Eric M. Mills, Pamela J. Vermeer, Vanessa A. Preast, Karen M. Young, Mary M. Christopher, Jeanne W. George, R. Darren Wood, Holly Bender

Veterinary Pathology Publications and Papers

Three related studies replicated and extended previous work (J.A. Danielson et al. (2003),Educational Technology Research and Development, 51(3), 63–81) involving the Diagnostic Pathfinder (dP) (previously Problem List Generator [PLG]), a cognitive tool for learning diagnostic problem solving. In studies 1 and 2, groups of 126 and 113 veterinary students, respectively, used the dP to complete case-based homework; groups of 120 and 199, respectively, used an alternative method. Students in the dP groups scored significantly higher (p = .000 and .003, respectively) on final exams than those in control groups. In the third study, 552 veterinary students responding ...


U.S. Universities' Net Returns From Patenting And Licensing: A Quantile Regression Analysis, Harun Bulut, Giancarlo Moschini Sep 2006

U.S. Universities' Net Returns From Patenting And Licensing: A Quantile Regression Analysis, Harun Bulut, Giancarlo Moschini

CARD Working Papers

In line with the rights and incentives provided by the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980, U.S. universities have increased their involvement in patenting and licensing activities through their own technology transfer offices. Only a few U.S. universities are obtaining large returns, however, whereas others are continuing with these activities despite negligible or negative returns. We assess the U.S. universities' potential to generate returns from licensing activities by modeling and estimating quantiles of the distribution of net licensing returns conditional on some of their structural characteristics. We find limited prospects for public universities without a medical school everywhere in ...


The Global Relevance Of Bio-Based Industries To Engineering And Technology Education, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Radha Balamuralikrishma Jun 2006

The Global Relevance Of Bio-Based Industries To Engineering And Technology Education, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Radha Balamuralikrishma

Kurt A. Rosentrater

The society in which we live has developed an insatiable demand for energy and material goods. In particular, recent data reveals that the aggressive pursuit of improved standards of living in the highly populated countries of India and China has contributed to increased demand for fossil fuels, which has exacerbated the recent spike in energy costs. Historically, these needs have been met primarily by fossil fuels and other non-renewable raw materials. As environmental concerns grow, however, renewable resources are gaining increased attention. This paper examines the emergence and importance that bio-based industries are increasingly beginning to play. A bio-based enterprise ...


An Evaluation Of An Established Case Study For Engineering Technology Education, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Radha Balamuralikrishma Jun 2006

An Evaluation Of An Established Case Study For Engineering Technology Education, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Radha Balamuralikrishma

Kurt A. Rosentrater

Engineering and technology educators focus on meeting existing and future needs of industry when designing the content domain and planning instructional methods in their discipline. However, undergraduate students in engineering and technology rarely have an opportunity to solve real world problems that require integration across several disciplinary branches of engineering and those outside of engineering. This makes it difficult for students to make the transition from academia to industry especially in an era where the principles of concurrent engineering are employed in new product design and development. Therefore, there is a strong need to bring challenging, industry involved problems into ...


Biorefining Of Renewable Resources—Emerging Opportunities For Engineering Education, Kurt A. Rosentrater Jun 2006

Biorefining Of Renewable Resources—Emerging Opportunities For Engineering Education, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Kurt A. Rosentrater

The society in which we live has developed an insatiable demand for energy and material goods. Historically these needs have primarily been met by utilizing fossil fuels and other nonrenewable raw materials. As environmental concerns grow, however, renewable resources are gaining increased attention. This paper examines industrial biorefineries, which are at the leading edge of the development of emerging biobased industries. Biorefineries, similar in concept to traditional petroleum refineries, utilize various conversion technologies to produce multiple products, including fuels, chemicals, industrial products, and electrical power from renewable biomass sources, such as corn stover, residue straw, perennial grasses, legumes, and other ...


Demonstrating Electromagnetic Noise In An Undergraduate Measurement And Instrumentation Course, David Muff, Theodore J. Heindel, Sriram Sundararajan Jun 2006

Demonstrating Electromagnetic Noise In An Undergraduate Measurement And Instrumentation Course, David Muff, Theodore J. Heindel, Sriram Sundararajan

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Electromagnetic noise (interference) is always present in a measurement system. The desire to minimize noise in your signal of interest can only be accomplished after the noise is properly identified. This paper summarizes a mechanical engineering undergraduate laboratory activity developed for ME 370 – Engineering Measurements and Instrumentation at Iowa State University. The goals of this activity are to (i) develop an understanding of how analog noise enters a measurement system and (ii) investigate several noise reduction methods. Students induce and measure capacitively coupled noise and investigate how the noise is related to noise source frequency and measurement circuit resistance. Methods ...


Preparing New Faculty Members To Be Successful: A No-Brainer And Yet A Radical Concept, Rebecca Brent, Sarah A. Rajala, Richard M. Felder Jun 2006

Preparing New Faculty Members To Be Successful: A No-Brainer And Yet A Radical Concept, Rebecca Brent, Sarah A. Rajala, Richard M. Felder

Sarah A. Rajala

A multifaceted program at North Carolina State University involving workshops and mentorships helps prepare new faculty members and graduate students for successful academic careers. This paper describes the elements of the program, reviews assessment data for each element, and offers recommendations to engineering schools wishing to establish their own programs for new and future faculty members.


Updating Mechanical Engineering Measurements And Instrumentation—A Case Study, Theodore J. Heindel Jun 2006

Updating Mechanical Engineering Measurements And Instrumentation—A Case Study, Theodore J. Heindel

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Measurement and instrumentation is a common course topic in many undergraduate mechanical engineering curricula. This paper summarizes changes to ME 370 – Engineering Measurements and Instrumentation at Iowa State University (ISU), which went through major course revisions from fall 2003 to spring 2005. Modifications to the course include the following: (i) incorporating virtual measurements and instrumentation into the lecture and laboratory, (ii) coupling the lecture and laboratory more closely through an on-line course manual, (iii) providing additional course resources through WebCT to enhance student learning, and (iv) updating and/or developing several new laboratory exercises to demonstrate key course learning objectives ...


Abet Outcome Assessment And Improvement Through The Capstone Design Course In An Industrial Engineering Curriculum, Leslie Potter, Shantha Esther Daniel, Devna F. Popejoy-Sheriff, Kyung J. Min Jun 2006

Abet Outcome Assessment And Improvement Through The Capstone Design Course In An Industrial Engineering Curriculum, Leslie Potter, Shantha Esther Daniel, Devna F. Popejoy-Sheriff, Kyung J. Min

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

In this paper, for the capstone design course, we first show how we demonstrate that our IE majors attain the ABET outcome items (c) and (h) where (c) is an ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired needs within realistic constraints such as economic, environmental, social, political, ethical, health and safety, manufacturability, and sustainability and (h) is the broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, and societal context. To achieve this, we utilize rubrics that are primarily filled out by the instructors and surveys that are filled out ...


Watershed Learning Activity: Coming To Terms With Geographic Scale, Tricia G. Knoot, Nancy Grudens-Schuck, Lisa A. Schulte Jun 2006

Watershed Learning Activity: Coming To Terms With Geographic Scale, Tricia G. Knoot, Nancy Grudens-Schuck, Lisa A. Schulte

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

Want better dialogue in your watershed group? Proles may result from participants' misunderstanding of geographic scale. The Watershed Learning Activity can foster an understanding of the importance of geographic scale through group-based experiential learning that combines aerial photography and conceptual change theory. Try it at your next watershed meeting.


Tips For Communicating Agricultural Safety To Children, Charles V. Schwab, Laura L. Miller, Lynn M. Graham Jun 2006

Tips For Communicating Agricultural Safety To Children, Charles V. Schwab, Laura L. Miller, Lynn M. Graham

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Effectively communicating agricultural safety messages to children requires an understanding of this audience's unique characteristics, which are dependent upon their developmental stages. This article identifies important characteristics for the 4-7 and 8-12 age groups that were used in developing educational resources for children who participate in farm safety day camps and in-school programs. Each age group has specific characteristics that can inhibit communication when they are not considered in designing content and approach of educational materials. In addition, there are three comprehensive communication issues that affect the effectiveness of transferring safety messages to children.


Are There Lasting Effects Of A Schema Based Learning System In Interior Design Studio?, Lori A. Brunner, Dorothy L. Fowles Mar 2006

Are There Lasting Effects Of A Schema Based Learning System In Interior Design Studio?, Lori A. Brunner, Dorothy L. Fowles

Art and Design Conference Proceedings, Presentations and Posters

Gallini (1989) argues that, “the ability to combine a collection of problems into a meaningful representation, or schema facilitates learning” (p. 244). In a previous study, it was found that introducing a schema-based learning system in the design studio assisted novice designers in a structured, purposeful process, where they began to see patterns of information and use these patterns to develop and refine their design solutions. Their design solutions proved to be significantly better than the other students who did not utilize the instructional interventions. But, does this instructional intervention have any lasting effects with this same group of students ...


Classroom Observation Data For District C: Momentary Time Sampling, Jeannette R. Olson, Anne Foegen Jan 2006

Classroom Observation Data For District C: Momentary Time Sampling, Jeannette R. Olson, Anne Foegen

Project AAIMS Technical Reports

This report documents the results of momentary time sampling observations conducted in District C during the fall of 2004. It identifies typical student and teacher behaviors, as well as typical instructional organization patterns and task formats in Algebra I classes in this district. We found that District C beginning algebra teachers devoted nearly equal amounts of class time to whole class and independent work. These teachers spent about one half of the time we observed engaged in talking to their students about algebra or listening to students’ questions or comments about the day’s lesson. Their students were assigned paper ...


An Exploratory Study Of The Use Of Two Algebra Progress Monitoring Measures To Evaluate Student Growth, Serkan Perkmen, Anne Foegen, Jeannette R. Olson Jan 2006

An Exploratory Study Of The Use Of Two Algebra Progress Monitoring Measures To Evaluate Student Growth, Serkan Perkmen, Anne Foegen, Jeannette R. Olson

Project AAIMS Technical Reports

This study was a first attempt to examine the potential use of the two algebra progress monitoring measures as indicators of student growth in algebra proficiency. Three research questions are addressed in this study. (1) Do the progress monitoring measures demonstrate reliability and validity? (2) To what extent do two different types of probes reflect changes in student performance over an 8-week period? (3) Is the rate of student growth on either of the measures related to other indicators of student proficiency/growth in algebra?

Regarding the first research question, findings revealed that both types of probes possessed satisfactory levels ...


Renewable Energy Alternatives—A Growing Opportunity For Engineering And Technology Education, Kurt A. Rosentrater Jan 2006

Renewable Energy Alternatives—A Growing Opportunity For Engineering And Technology Education, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Kurt A. Rosentrater

A hallmark of the United States’ economic growth is an ever-increasing demand for energy, which has traditionally been met primarily by combusting the hydrocarbons found in fossil fuels. As national security and environmental concerns grow, renewable energy resources are gaining increased attention. Unfortunately, there is currently a dearth of renewable energy coverage in engineering and technology curricula. The objectives of this paper are to examine historical energy data for both traditional as well as alternative energy sources, and to motivate educators to address this gap. Even with the progressive developments of non-traditional energy sources over the years, the U.S ...


A Replication Study Of The Reliability, Criterion Validity And Sensitivity To Growth Of Two Algebra Progress Monitoring Measures, Serkan Perkmen, Anne Foegen, Jeannette R. Olson Jan 2006

A Replication Study Of The Reliability, Criterion Validity And Sensitivity To Growth Of Two Algebra Progress Monitoring Measures, Serkan Perkmen, Anne Foegen, Jeannette R. Olson

Project AAIMS Technical Reports

This study served as a replication of previous work examining the reliability, validity, and sensitivity to growth of the Basic Skills and the Content-Analysis-Multiple Choice probes in two Iowa schools districts. One hundred five students in grades nine to twelve participated in the study. Data were gathered from February 2006 to April 2006. Over three months of data collection, students completed two Basic Skills probes and two Content Analysis-Multiple Choice probes each month. We examined the alternate form reliability and test-retest reliability for both types of probes. We found that both types of probes possessed adequate levels of reliability, with ...


Reliability, Criterion Validity And Sensitivity To Growth: Extending Work On Two Algebra Progress Monitoring Measures, Serkan Perkmen, Anne Foegen, Jeannette R. Olson Jan 2006

Reliability, Criterion Validity And Sensitivity To Growth: Extending Work On Two Algebra Progress Monitoring Measures, Serkan Perkmen, Anne Foegen, Jeannette R. Olson

Project AAIMS Technical Reports

This report is intended to extend previous work examining the reliability and validity of the Basic Skills and the Content-Analysis-Multiple Choice probes in two Iowa schools districts and to explore the use of the measures for monitoring student progress. One hundred thirty five students in grades nine to twelve participated in the study. Data were gathered from September 2005 to January 2006. Over four months of data collection, students completed two Basic Skills probes and two Content Analysis-Multiple Choice probes each month. We assessed the alternate form reliability and test-retest reliability of both types of probes. Our findings revealed that ...


College Students' Experiences And Perceptions Of Harassment On Campus: An Exploration Of Gender Differences, Robert D. Reason, Susan R. Rankin Jan 2006

College Students' Experiences And Perceptions Of Harassment On Campus: An Exploration Of Gender Differences, Robert D. Reason, Susan R. Rankin

Robert D Reason

Using a campus climate assessment instrument developed by Rankin (1998), we surveyed students (N = 7,347) from 10 campuses to explore the different experiences with harassment and campus climates reported by men and women. Both men and women reported experiencing harassment, although women experienced harassment at statistically significantly higher rates than men. Women reported higher rates of sexual harassment, while men reported higher rates of harassment based upon sexuality. These findings are understood, and implications are provided, using a lens of power and privilege.


Classroom Observation Data For District A: Momentary Time Sampling, Linda Lind, Jeannette R. Olson, Anne Foegen Jan 2006

Classroom Observation Data For District A: Momentary Time Sampling, Linda Lind, Jeannette R. Olson, Anne Foegen

Project AAIMS Technical Reports

This report documents the results of momentary time sampling observations conducted in District A during the spring of 2004. It identifies typical student and teacher behaviors, as well as typical instructional organization patterns and task formats in a variety of beginning algebra classes in this district. We describe some of the similarities and differences in algebra instruction for students with and without disabilities who were enrolled in 8th grade Algebra, Algebra I, Algebra IA or IB, Special Education Algebra, and Special Education Pre-Algebra. In addition, we report our findings about patterns of student behavior in each of these classes.


Classroom Observation Data For District B: Momentary Time Sampling, Jeannette R. Olson, Anne Foegen Jan 2006

Classroom Observation Data For District B: Momentary Time Sampling, Jeannette R. Olson, Anne Foegen

Project AAIMS Technical Reports

This report documents the results of momentary time sampling observations conducted in District B during the fall of 2004. We summarize the results of eighteen classroom observations in six beginning algebra classes that included students with and without disabilities. It identifies typical student and teacher behaviors, as well as typical instructional organization patterns and task formats in a variety of beginning algebra classes in this district. In District B, there are two options for beginning algebra courses – Algebra I, which covers all the content for the course in one term, as well as Algebra IA and Algebra IB, which spreads ...


A Collaborative Effort To Train Green Industry Professionals, Ann Marie Vanderzanden, Linda R. Mcmahan, Neil Bell, Paul Ries, Patty Williams, Aimee Mcauliffe Jan 2006

A Collaborative Effort To Train Green Industry Professionals, Ann Marie Vanderzanden, Linda R. Mcmahan, Neil Bell, Paul Ries, Patty Williams, Aimee Mcauliffe

Horticulture Publications

A collaborative project between the Oregon State University Extension Service, and the green industry and allied professional organizations resulted in an educational seminar series for landscape professionals. In 2003 and 2004, the seminar series consisted of seven 3.5-hour sessions covering a range of horticultural topics and capitalized on expertise of extension personnel and green industry professionals. After the 2004 series, a survey was sent to all participants to determine attendance, overall evaluation, usefulness and applicability of information, participant learning, and behavior change as a result of the seminars. The response rate was 31%. Overall, participants gave the seminars a ...


Home Schoolers In An Engineering/Education K12 Outreach Program, Lawrence Genalo, Jamie Gilchrist Jan 2006

Home Schoolers In An Engineering/Education K12 Outreach Program, Lawrence Genalo, Jamie Gilchrist

Materials Science and Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

The Toying With TechnologySM program (TWT) has been offered to preservice elementary and secondary teachers for ten years. This program is designed to explain the principles behind many of the technological innovations in wide use today. This is accomplished through hands-on laboratory experiences. This includes, but is not limited to, experiences with programming, global positioning systems, and biomedical engineering. This program uses engineering as a basis to teach math, science, technology and problem solving concepts.

This paper will describe the twelve week experience of a home schooled group engaged in the TWT program. Home schooling is a growing trend in ...


Technical Characteristics Of Two Algebra Progress Monitoring Measures: Reliability, Criterion Validity And Sensitivity To Growth, Serkan Perkmen, Anne Foegen, Jeannette R. Olson Jan 2006

Technical Characteristics Of Two Algebra Progress Monitoring Measures: Reliability, Criterion Validity And Sensitivity To Growth, Serkan Perkmen, Anne Foegen, Jeannette R. Olson

Project AAIMS Technical Reports

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability, validity of Algebra Foundations and Content Analysis-Multiple probes and to examine the utility of these probes in monitoring student progress over a full school year. In addition, we also examined the use of a third type of probe, Basic Skills, with a small number of students. Our findings revealed that both the Algebra Foundations and Content Analysis-Multiple Choice probes possessed adequate levels of alternate form and test-retest reliability. We examined two types of validity: concurrent and predictive validity. Concurrent validity was assessed by investigating the relationship between probe scores ...


Sustainable Agriculture And The Perceptions Of High School Agriculture Teachers In The North Central Region Of The United States , Mathew Ajuoga Muma Jan 2006

Sustainable Agriculture And The Perceptions Of High School Agriculture Teachers In The North Central Region Of The United States , Mathew Ajuoga Muma

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The debate about the socio-economic and environmental challenges associated with conventional agricultural systems in the U.S.A. in the 1980s vis-a-vis sustainable agriculture (SA) has included the definition of SA, the role of education in addressing the challenges and what should be taught about SA in high school and beyond. Proponents of SA claim education about SA can facilitate solutions to the current problems in agriculture, stimulate rural economic development and enrich scientific teaching of SA (Feldman, 1999; Sanstone, 2003/2004). The purpose of this study was to identify the beliefs of high school agriculture teachers about SA, and ...


Effect Of Organizational Environments On The Status Attainment Of Students Of Color And Majority Students: A General Linear Model Analysis , Shantha Joseph Ravindra Pieris Jan 2006

Effect Of Organizational Environments On The Status Attainment Of Students Of Color And Majority Students: A General Linear Model Analysis , Shantha Joseph Ravindra Pieris

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to determine if the graduation rates of students of color and majority students at public, research extensive and intensive institutions could be predicted by institutional resource allocation activities in the context of both the internal and external environments of universities. The independent variables for the internal environment were expenditures in regard to instruction, academic support, student services, institutional grants (scholarships, fellowships), research, public service, institutional support, plant operation and maintenance, and institutional selectivity. The independent variables for the external environment were geographical region and degree of urbanization. The independent variables for the internal environment were calculated in ...


Preference And Performance With Cartoon-Like Images In Instructional Documentation , Amanda Nicole Metz Bemer Jan 2006

Preference And Performance With Cartoon-Like Images In Instructional Documentation , Amanda Nicole Metz Bemer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis, I examine Americans' preferences for and performance with three different types of visuals in instructions: cartoon-like images, photographs, and line drawings. Using an electronic survey and usability tests, I conclude that though Americans of most ages generally dislike cartoon-like images and tend to prefer photographs and line drawings, performance for two specific age groups exhibiting dislike (those under 24 years of age and over 50) demonstrates increased success using cartoon-like images. This finding suggests that technical communicators need to conduct usability tests for multiple age groups. In addition, I explain that more research on methodology is necessary.


Roles And Responsibilities Of Local School Board Members In Relation To Student Achievement , Mary L. Delagardelle Jan 2006

Roles And Responsibilities Of Local School Board Members In Relation To Student Achievement , Mary L. Delagardelle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research investigated school board members' perceptions about their roles and responsibilities for improving student learning, and examined contextual factors and characteristics that influence those beliefs. The study involved both quantitative and qualitative methods of analysis and the results surfaced several areas that shed light on potential needs for the leadership development of board-superintendent teams;The research focused on two questions: (a) Which governance roles and responsibilities do board members believe are most important to positively impact student learning? and (b) Do some contextual factors and characteristics have more influence on the board members' beliefs about their roles and responsibilities ...