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Iowa State University

2004

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Articles 1 - 30 of 69

Full-Text Articles in Education

Textile & Clothing Undergraduates' Recent Life Experiences: Are Students Stressed-Out?, Joy Michelle Kozar, Sara Brubacher, Mary B. Gregoire Nov 2004

Textile & Clothing Undergraduates' Recent Life Experiences: Are Students Stressed-Out?, Joy Michelle Kozar, Sara Brubacher, Mary B. Gregoire

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The purpose of this pilot study was to identify experiences that cause stress in the lives of textile and clothing undergraduate students. An assessment of this type is important, as previous research has shown that high levels of stress are linked to negative feelings like tension, anxiety, sadness, fatigue and/or depression, which ultimately can impact the overall self-esteem and welfare of students.


Time Spent By Textile Clothing Undergraduate Students: A Pilot Study, Sara Brubacher, Joy Michelle Kozar, Mary B. Gregoire Nov 2004

Time Spent By Textile Clothing Undergraduate Students: A Pilot Study, Sara Brubacher, Joy Michelle Kozar, Mary B. Gregoire

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Undergraduate curricula in Colleges of Family and Consumer Sciences are placing increased emphasis on critical thinking, interpersonal communication skills, and other life long learning techniques that can be measured with appropriate assessment. Students' lack of preparation in and apathy regarding classroom attendance causes concern among faculty members.


Cheating And Moral Judgment In The College Classroom: A Natural Experiment, Tim West, Sue Ravenscroft, Charles B. Shrader Oct 2004

Cheating And Moral Judgment In The College Classroom: A Natural Experiment, Tim West, Sue Ravenscroft, Charles B. Shrader

Management Publications

The purpose of this paper is to present the results of a natural experiment involving academic cheating by university students. We explore the relationship of moral judgment (as measured using the defining issues test) to actual behavior, as well as the relationship between the honesty of students self-reports and the extent of cheating. We were able to determine the extent to which students actually cheated on the take-home portion of an accounting exam. The take-home problem was not assigned with the intent of inducing cheating among students. However, the high rate of observed cheating prompted the instructor to return to ...


Entertainment Media Violence: Roles For Extension Professionals, Kimberly A. Greder, Amina Charania Oct 2004

Entertainment Media Violence: Roles For Extension Professionals, Kimberly A. Greder, Amina Charania

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

This article highlights research findings and practical applications shared with over 1,800 professionals, volunteers, and parents during a national cooperative extension satellite series focused on entertainment media violence. Participants increased their awareness and understanding of the potential negative effects of entertainment media violence, as well as identified and took specific steps to address the issue locally. Extension is positioned well through its vast network and technology to deliver high-quality, timely, and cost-effective professional development to community partners.


Early Head Start Identifying And Serving Children With Disabilities, Carla A. Peterson, Shavaun Wall, Helen A. Raikes, Ellen E. Kisker, Mark E. Swanson, Judith Jerald, Jane B. Atwater, Wei Qiao Jul 2004

Early Head Start Identifying And Serving Children With Disabilities, Carla A. Peterson, Shavaun Wall, Helen A. Raikes, Ellen E. Kisker, Mark E. Swanson, Judith Jerald, Jane B. Atwater, Wei Qiao

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Early Head Start (EHS) is a comprehensive, two-generation program that provides services to low-income families with children under the age of 3 years. As part of their mandate, staff members of EHS programs collaborate with other service providers in their local communities, including Part C and childcare providers. The incidence of disabilities among low-income children was tracked as part of the EHS Research and Evaluation Project. The incidence of indicators of disabilities (or potential disabilities) was extremely high (87%) among these very young children living in poverty; however, only 99 participating families (4.7% of the sample) received Part C ...


The North Carolina State University Women In Science And Engineering Program: A Community For Living And Learning, Sarah A. Rajala, Laura J. Bottomley, E. A. Parry, J. D. Cohen, Susan C. Grant, C. J. Thomas, T. M. Doxey, G. Perez, R. E. Collins, J. E. Spurlin Jun 2004

The North Carolina State University Women In Science And Engineering Program: A Community For Living And Learning, Sarah A. Rajala, Laura J. Bottomley, E. A. Parry, J. D. Cohen, Susan C. Grant, C. J. Thomas, T. M. Doxey, G. Perez, R. E. Collins, J. E. Spurlin

Sarah A. Rajala

Women are underrepresented in many of the disciplines in engineering, the mathematical sciences, and the physical and natural sciences, both at the undergraduate and the graduate levels. Depending upon the discipline, we lose women at varying points along the way. The pipeline of women interested in studying in engineering disciplines and in physics, for example, narrows considerably at the undergraduate level. In other disciplines such as mathematics, the retention rate for women at major research universities is much lower than at liberal arts institutions and the percentage of women who pursue graduate studies is much lower than that of their ...


Understanding Children: Moving To A New Home, Lesia L. Oesterreich Apr 2004

Understanding Children: Moving To A New Home, Lesia L. Oesterreich

Human Sciences Extension and Outreach Publications

Moving to a new home creates challenges for children through new situations and strong emotions. Learn how different age groups might react to moving and what you can do to help.


4-H Clothing Selection And Fashion Revue Modeling Diagrams And Instructions, Kathy A. Parsons Apr 2004

4-H Clothing Selection And Fashion Revue Modeling Diagrams And Instructions, Kathy A. Parsons

Space and Stacks Management Publications

No abstract provided.


Reliability And Criterion Validity For Three Potential Algebra Measures, Anne Foegen, Linda S. Lind Jan 2004

Reliability And Criterion Validity For Three Potential Algebra Measures, Anne Foegen, Linda S. Lind

Project AAIMS Technical Reports

This technical report summarizes the results of a study in which we examined the technical adequacy of three potential algebra measures for progress monitoring. One hundred thirteen students (18 of whom were receiving special education services) completed two forms of a Basic Skills probe, an Algebra Concepts probe, and a Content Analysis probe. In addition, we gathered data on criterion variables including grades, classroom assessment records, teacher ratings, and standardized test scores. We used multiple timing periods for the Basic Skills and Algebra Concepts probes to examine the efficacy of differing durations. We examined both test-retest and alternate form reliability ...


Understanding Children: Language Development, Lesia L. Oesterreich Jan 2004

Understanding Children: Language Development, Lesia L. Oesterreich

Human Sciences Extension and Outreach Publications

When you take time to listen, talk, read, sing, and play games with your child, you help teach important language skills that last a lifetime. Learn typical language skills and how to nurture those skills in age categories from newborns up to age six.


Economies Of Size And Implications For Consolidation: A Case Study Of Iowa School Districts, Brandon James Repp Jan 2004

Economies Of Size And Implications For Consolidation: A Case Study Of Iowa School Districts, Brandon James Repp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The state of Iowa is currently faced with many budget difficulties. Due to the fact that education accounts for nearly half of all state appropriations and property taxes paid in the state, ways of decreasing educational costs may contribute to relieving the current fiscal stress. The aim of this paper is to develop a model from past analyses to test for the presence of economies of scale in Iowa School districts. The results reveal average benefits from a cross section of Iowa school districts that may be realized through administrative consolidation of districts with fewer than 600 students. It is ...


Playing House: The Role Of Home Management Houses In The Training Of Scientific Homemakers At Iowa State College, 1925-1958, Megan Elizabeth Birk Jan 2004

Playing House: The Role Of Home Management Houses In The Training Of Scientific Homemakers At Iowa State College, 1925-1958, Megan Elizabeth Birk

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Between 1925 and 1958 home economics education at Iowa State College included a special laboratory experience for senior students. They lived in home management houses designed with modern appliances and furnishings that allowed them to "practice" the homemaking skills learned during the previous three years of classroom study. This six-week stay included turns with cooking, cleaning, budgeting, entertaining, and child care. It was also during these years that the university brought infants into the homes to live for a one-year period. These infants, orphans from the state of Iowa, became the responsibility of the young women in the homes. With ...


The Empowerment Of Latina University Students: A Phenomenological Study Of Ethnic Identity Development Through Involvement In A Latina-Based Sorority, Jennifer Gray Nuñez Jan 2004

The Empowerment Of Latina University Students: A Phenomenological Study Of Ethnic Identity Development Through Involvement In A Latina-Based Sorority, Jennifer Gray Nuñez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate through phenomenological methodology how a Latina-based sorority influences the ethnic identity development of those associated with it on a predominantly white campus in the Midwest. Using ethnographic methods, the twelve-week study involved weekly observations during the organization's scheduled meetings and other extracurricular activities. The fifteen participants were asked through a written survey, focus group sessions, and in-depth interviews to reflect on their experiences and environments before beginning college and at the present time. A phenomenological approach was used to interpret the stories shared by participants to understand how the Latina women ...


The Cross-Cultural Component In Teaching Business English To Native Russian Speakers, Maria Loukianenko Jan 2004

The Cross-Cultural Component In Teaching Business English To Native Russian Speakers, Maria Loukianenko

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis project is designed to conduct a cross-cultural analysis of rhetorical patterns in Russian and American business correspondence. The study reviews the literature on previous findings in international business communication presented by both linguists and international management and marketing theorists. A special focus is on Hofstede's theory of cultural dimensions (power distance, uncertainty avoidance, and individualism/collectivism). The study adapts his theory for the linguistic and rhetorical analysis of the American and Russian business letters. As a part of the research, a preliminary framework is set up that allows the comparison of the data in terms of the ...


The Impact Of Multilingualism & Language Learning Experiences On An Immigrant Woman's Identity: A Case Study, Dessislava Georgieva Bekrieva-Grannis Jan 2004

The Impact Of Multilingualism & Language Learning Experiences On An Immigrant Woman's Identity: A Case Study, Dessislava Georgieva Bekrieva-Grannis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Following the interpretive qualitative approach, the present study strives to give voice to an immigrant woman by telling her story about the development of her identity as a multilingual learner of English. Using multiple methods of data collection (in-depth interviews, informal observations, documents, artifact, member checks, and peer debriefings), this research attempts to shed light on how an immigrant woman makes sense out of her social world through the languages she uses, their function in her life, the meanings she assigns to each and the role of learning languages on her multilingual identity. Some SLA investigators have argued that because ...


Literature And The Development Of Oral Fluency: A Study Using Poetry And Children's Literature In Adult Esl Instruction, Ketty Ruth Reppert Jan 2004

Literature And The Development Of Oral Fluency: A Study Using Poetry And Children's Literature In Adult Esl Instruction, Ketty Ruth Reppert

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The place of literature in language teaching has long been debated. This study investigates the use of poetry and children's literature written in verse as materials for helping advanced adult learners of English as a second or foreign language develop oral fluency skills. Fifteen native Chinese-speaking graduate students or professionals associated with ISU participated in the study. Speech samples were taken before and after a two-week treatment period. Participants were randomly assigned to one of the three treatment groups: a children's literature group, and adult literature group, and a control group. During the treatment period, each of the ...


Examining Esl Students' Vocabulary Retention In An On-Line Environment Using The Mental Effort Hypothesis, Jennifer Anne Oden Jan 2004

Examining Esl Students' Vocabulary Retention In An On-Line Environment Using The Mental Effort Hypothesis, Jennifer Anne Oden

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The advent of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) materials has revolutionized teaching as increasing numbers of educators realize the power of the medium. With the proliferation of these materials comes a need for developers to make informed choices about the materials they create. In studies using traditional print materials, researchers have discovered the importance of glossing difficult vocabulary words; however, the method of glossing varies greatly. More research is needed to inform the decisions educators make about the types of glosses to offer. The research questions shaping this study are: 1) Does a multiple-choice option that requires students to expend mental ...


Good Intentions, Muddled Methods: Focus On Focus Groups, Beverlyn Lundy-Allen, Nancy Grudens-Schuck, Kathlene Larson Jan 2004

Good Intentions, Muddled Methods: Focus On Focus Groups, Beverlyn Lundy-Allen, Nancy Grudens-Schuck, Kathlene Larson

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Are focus groups abused, misused, or overused in Extension? We responded to the challenge of getting Extension focused on the art and science of high-quality focus groups through an educational project. This article describes contemporary challenges of focus group practice and presents the first phase of an educational initiative, which includes a series of educational briefs.


Esl Students' Use Of Concordances And Dictionaries In The Transfer Of Academic Word Knowledge: A Comparative Study, Jagdish Kaur Jan 2004

Esl Students' Use Of Concordances And Dictionaries In The Transfer Of Academic Word Knowledge: A Comparative Study, Jagdish Kaur

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Concordancing in the classroom is fairly a new approach which has emerged with the use of corpora in language learning. In a concordance, language is presented in natural setting; learners are able to examine a key word in the context of a string of sentences which can exemplify the use of that particular word. Learners need not rely heavily on their teachers or their own intuition as they can explore specific language features from the vast amount of information in the corpora. Vocabulary knowledge acquired from a concordance can be transferred to novel texts (Cobb, 1999) to enhance student writing ...


Attitudes Of Native And Nonnative Speakers Of English Toward Various Regional And Social U.S. English Accents, Stacey R. Dent Jan 2004

Attitudes Of Native And Nonnative Speakers Of English Toward Various Regional And Social U.S. English Accents, Stacey R. Dent

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Assessment And Analysis Of English Language Needs Of Arabic-Speaking Students Particularly For The Arabian Gulf Region Attending Iowa State University, Cris Deanna Fisher Jan 2004

An Assessment And Analysis Of English Language Needs Of Arabic-Speaking Students Particularly For The Arabian Gulf Region Attending Iowa State University, Cris Deanna Fisher

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Attitude Toward Learning Science Of Students In Introductory Geology Courses, Joan Y. Jach, Cinzia Cervato Jan 2004

Attitude Toward Learning Science Of Students In Introductory Geology Courses, Joan Y. Jach, Cinzia Cervato

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

Research into attitudes in science focuses largely on determining if certain instruction methods affect student attitude and there is a broad range of opinions as to what attitude means and how to study it. We have analyzed the attitude of students enrolled into two introductory geology classes with the goal to test if demographic factors and success in the class play a significant role in determining students attitude towards science and learning science. A pre-test and a post-test Likert-type attitude questionnaire were administered to two introductory Geology classes at Iowa State University during the Autumn semester 2002. Results were analyzed ...


Predicting Higher Education Graduation Rates From Institutional Characteristics And Resource Allocation, Florence A. Hamrick, John H. Schuh, Mack C. Shelley Ii Jan 2004

Predicting Higher Education Graduation Rates From Institutional Characteristics And Resource Allocation, Florence A. Hamrick, John H. Schuh, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

This study incorporated institutional characteristics (e.g., Carnegie type, selectivity) and resource allocations (e.g., instructional expenditures, student affairs expenditures) into a statistical model to predict undergraduate graduation rates. Instructional expenditures, library expenditures, and a number of institutional classification variables were significant predictors of graduation rates. Based on these results, recommendations as well as warranted cautions are included about allocating academic financial resources to optimize graduation rates


The Engineering Learning Portal For Problem Solving: Experience In A Large Engineering Economy Class, Sarah M. Ryan, John K. Jackman, Frank E. Peters, Sigurdur Olafsson, Mary Huba Jan 2004

The Engineering Learning Portal For Problem Solving: Experience In A Large Engineering Economy Class, Sarah M. Ryan, John K. Jackman, Frank E. Peters, Sigurdur Olafsson, Mary Huba

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

In an effort to improve students' problem solving skills with information technology across the industrial engineering curriculum, we created an Internet based problem-solving environment. The module implemented for engineering economy presents a realistic problem that establishes connections with other courses. The design of the learning environment promotes metacognitive skill development by requiring students to explain each major problem solving action taken and to evaluate their own progress toward a solution. Experience in two successive semesters of a large introductory course indicates that information technology can be used effectively to create opportunities for students to collaboratively solve realistic engineering problems, thereby ...


Gardening In The Zone: A Collaborative Effort Between Iowa State University Extension And Mass Media Outlets, Ann Marie Vanderzanden, Cindy Haines Jan 2004

Gardening In The Zone: A Collaborative Effort Between Iowa State University Extension And Mass Media Outlets, Ann Marie Vanderzanden, Cindy Haines

Horticulture Publications

A collaborative project among the Iowa State University Extension Service, a regional gardening magazine, and regional television stations has resulted in a new avenue to deliver educational programming related to horticulture. Gardening in the Zone is a series of 26 2-minute segments that are broadcast weekly from April through September during the evening news. These segments provide research-based information to a large audience that traditional Extension programming methods might not otherwise reach. It also provides a new venue through which to disseminate the Web address for the ISU Extension Web site with links to a number of educational publications.


Piaget And Engineering Education, Lawrence Genalo, Denise A. Schmidt, Melanie Schlitz Jan 2004

Piaget And Engineering Education, Lawrence Genalo, Denise A. Schmidt, Melanie Schlitz

Materials Science and Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

Thomas Edison was a noted engineer while Jean Piaget made his fame in children’s educational psychology. Piaget’s “cognitive constructivism” has been adopted in many early childhood programs, but it also applies to engineering education and its “hands-on” approach, especially in laboratories and project-based courses. The direction of education dramatically shifted when Jean Piaget developed a child-centered developmental learning theory. According to his theory, children construct knowledge about their world through their active involvement in experiences that are meaningful for them in order to provide an ideal learning environment. A Piagetian classroom is filled with authentic activities designed to ...


A Study Of Resource Expenditures And Allocation At Deep Colleges And Universities: Is Spending Related To Student Engagement?, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Kevin Saunders, John H. Schuh, Mack Shelly Jan 2004

A Study Of Resource Expenditures And Allocation At Deep Colleges And Universities: Is Spending Related To Student Engagement?, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Kevin Saunders, John H. Schuh, Mack Shelly

Education Publications

Institutions were selected for the Documenting Effective Educational Practices (DEEP) study because they have higher than expected graduation rates and scores on the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE). These institutions have been characterized in a number of ways, but, most important, it was presumed that faculty, students, administrators, and others engaged in a variety of institutional activities and practices that advanced learning.


Iowa Curriculum Strengthens Core Competencies Of Parenting Educators., Kimberly A. Greder Jan 2004

Iowa Curriculum Strengthens Core Competencies Of Parenting Educators., Kimberly A. Greder

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

In response to the growing demand for parenting educators, and the need to ensure that educators have basic knowledge and skills rele­ vant to designing, implementing, and evaluating parenting education, Partnering with Parents, an outreach academy was developed. Analysis of data gathered via a follow-up survey, online discussion board, and focus group interviews revealed that participants increased their knowledge and developed skills after participating in the academy. Ninety-five percent of the participants reported being competent or very competent in facilitating parenting education after the academy as compared to 32% before the academy.


Putting Principles Into Practice, Joan Jamieson, Carol Chapelle, Sherry Preiss Jan 2004

Putting Principles Into Practice, Joan Jamieson, Carol Chapelle, Sherry Preiss

English Publications

CALL evaluation might ideally draw on principles from fields such as second language acquisition, language pedagogy, instructional design, and testing and measurement in order to make judgments about criteria such as elaborated input, feedback, collaborative learning, authentic tasks, navigation, screen design, reliability, validity, impact, and practicality. In this study, a subset of criteria were used to evaluate the design of English as a second or foreign language (ESL/EFL) online courses and assessments, Longman English Online. This article illustrates how a set of principles suggested evaluation criteria which, in turn, suggested particular variables for the instructional design; these variables, again ...


Challenging Students’ Thinking With Bloom’S Taxonomy, Denise A. Vrchota Jan 2004

Challenging Students’ Thinking With Bloom’S Taxonomy, Denise A. Vrchota

English Publications

An important learning opportunity occurs during the question and answer (Q & A) session following student speeches. Not only do students benefit from the information conveyed in these speeches, but students also benefit from the cognitive stimulation the opportunity affords. Often, however, it seems that the Q & A session falls short of these lofty aspirations. Audience members may ask painfully obvious questions; speakers may respond to questions in perfunctory manner, relieved that the “hard” part or the “real” part of their responsibility (i.e., giving the speech) is completed. However, the Q & A session is a time when learning can occur in that speakers can reinforce their expertise and credibility, and audience members have the opportunity to present themselves as thoughtful and competent communicators. The result can be a stimulating discussion built on knowledge presented in the speech with additional opportunities to challenge, discuss, and enhance both speakers’ and audience members ...