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Iowa State University

2000

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Extension Workers As Orchestrators Of Civic Renewal Through Civic Professionalism, Nancy K. Franz Dec 2000

Extension Workers As Orchestrators Of Civic Renewal Through Civic Professionalism, Nancy K. Franz

Nancy K. Franz

I have a passion and a bias. I am passionate about the important role of the Cooperative Extension System (CES) in civic renewal. My bias is that extension workers (also known as agents or educators) are the key to civic renewal throughout the United States. No other institution has the same ability to reach all of America with education and organizing efforts. With extension workers in every county in the nation, this group of professionals and their work cut across age, race, ethnicity, religion, geography and many other demographic characteristics. Extension has a long history of being active in civic ...


Human Capital, Education, And Agriculture, Wallace E. Huffman Sep 2000

Human Capital, Education, And Agriculture, Wallace E. Huffman

Economic Staff Paper Series

Education is widely recognized as the most important form of human capital, and health as the second most important form. The primary focus is on schooling where private and social real rates of return remain high in low and middle income countries for elementary and secondary schooling. The paper reviews broad effects of education in agriculture, and examines some of the prospects and potential for thefuture. Conclusions include: (i) schooling cannot be viewed as unconditionally productive in agriculture. It s impact is conditioned by the price and technology environment and options for off-farm work and migration, (ii) With rapid advances ...


North Carolina State University Summer Transition Program – A High School To College Bridge Program For Enhancing Undergraduate Engineering Education, Tony L. Mitchell, Alisa Hunt-Lowery, Sarah A. Rajala Aug 2000

North Carolina State University Summer Transition Program – A High School To College Bridge Program For Enhancing Undergraduate Engineering Education, Tony L. Mitchell, Alisa Hunt-Lowery, Sarah A. Rajala

Sarah A. Rajala

The NC State University College of Engineering is an internationally recognized producer of engineers and computer scientists who are prepared to make an immediate contribution to the workforce. Our research faculty are recognized around the world for cutting edge research. Essential to our mission and continued success is a steady stream of top-notch students who contribute to and celebrate ethnic, academic and gender diversity. Each year an entering freshman class of 1100 new engineering students includes 20% women and 20% underrepresented minority students. The rate at which they persist through our undergraduate program is impacted by how they adapt during ...


North Carolina State University Center For Minority Engineer Development, Tony L. Mitchell, Sarah A. Rajala, Laura J. Bottomley, Mary Clare Robbins Aug 2000

North Carolina State University Center For Minority Engineer Development, Tony L. Mitchell, Sarah A. Rajala, Laura J. Bottomley, Mary Clare Robbins

Sarah A. Rajala

North Carolina State University, located in Raleigh, North Carolina, USA, is the largest state-supported university of the sixteen-campus University of North Carolina educational system. The College of Engineering at NC State University is among the best in the country, offering outstanding degree programs and preparing students for exciting and rewarding careers. Our graduates are heavily recruited internationally for positions in a variety of settings, including business management, construction, transportation, hardware and software development, computer engineering and design. The College of Engineering comprises 10 departments offering 16 BS, 17 MS, and 14 Ph.D. degree programs and conducts the largest undergraduate ...


University Instruction In Observational Techniques: Survey Responses, Eugene S. Takle Jun 2000

University Instruction In Observational Techniques: Survey Responses, Eugene S. Takle

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

A 1987 survey of the atmospheric and oceanic science community on university instruction in instrumentation and observations revealed that an apparent imbalance existed between observational and theoretical/numerical components of the atmospheric sciences. The committee analyzing the survey results identified several factors contributing to the perceived imbalance. From a follow—up survey conducted of the same community in 1997 to assess the level of change over 10 years, it is found that some progress has been achieved over this period, but that more can be done. Rather than try to implement all of the recommendations from analysis of the initial ...


The Use Of Humor As A Teaching Tool In The College Classroom, Ron Deiter Jun 2000

The Use Of Humor As A Teaching Tool In The College Classroom, Ron Deiter

Economics Publications

Previous research reports a strong positive correlation between class attendance and student performance. Consequently, college educators, often explore innovative ways of encouraging class attendance. While no substitute for substance, humor is a teaching tool that can create a more positive, fun, interesting environment that promotes class attendance and student learning.

Despite recent widespread attention on the use of humor in our society, this paper identifies some professorial "myths" or misunderstandings about the use of humor in the classroom that continue to exist. These include I ) humor is telli ng jokes or physical comedy, 2) instructors should not try to use ...


Potential Cost Savings And Framework Of Strategies For Improved Delivery Of Government Services, Mark A. Edelman Dr. May 2000

Potential Cost Savings And Framework Of Strategies For Improved Delivery Of Government Services, Mark A. Edelman Dr.

Economic Staff Paper Series

This Preliminary Assessment represents a response to an important and timely request for information from the Governor's Strategic Planning Council. This report represents a limited response based on findings and principles from existing applied studies, academic literature, and input from a knowledgeable range of expertise from the private and public sectors represented on the Iowa Research Council Public Finance Study Development Committee. The intended purpose of this report is to provide a basis for discussion by the Governor's Strategic Planning Council as well as other state and local policymakers, leaders and citizens. The specific questions provided to the ...


Design: Exploring The Elements And Principles, Janeanne Stout Mar 2000

Design: Exploring The Elements And Principles, Janeanne Stout

4-H Youth Development Publications

Learn about the elements and principles of design and how to evaluate the quality of a design.


Secondary School Family And Consumer Sciences Teachers' Perceived Importance Of Family And Consumer Sciences Competencies , Mary Ann Good Jan 2000

Secondary School Family And Consumer Sciences Teachers' Perceived Importance Of Family And Consumer Sciences Competencies , Mary Ann Good

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This purpose of this study was to determine Iowa family and consumer sciences secondary teachers' perceptions of their curriculum resulting from the implementation of the 1989 state legislation regarding vocational education requirements for public secondary schools. A stratified random sample of 152 teachers was selected from a population of 407 family and consumer sciences teachers in grades 9--12 during the 1995--96 school year which yielded a response from 106 (73.6%) teachers;Perceptions were measured to determine the extent the competencies were taught, the level of importance teachers placed on them, and comparisons between the two in the nine content ...


Acculturation And Cultural Value Orientations Of Immigrant Chinese Americans: Effects On Body Image, Aesthetics For Appearance, And Involvement In Dress , Ching-Yi Cheng Jan 2000

Acculturation And Cultural Value Orientations Of Immigrant Chinese Americans: Effects On Body Image, Aesthetics For Appearance, And Involvement In Dress , Ching-Yi Cheng

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The research was an investigation of the effects of acculturation and cultural value orientation on individuals' body image, aesthetics of appearance, and dress involvement. The surveys were completed by immigrant Chinese Americans that consisted of women (n = 124, 59%), men (n = 82, 40%), and three participants who did not state gender. A majority of the participants were born in Taiwan (64%), China (28%), and Hong Kong (8%). The majority of respondents were classified as "unacculturated" (55%) or "bicultural" (44%); only 1% as "acculturated." With regard to their value orientation, the majority were "collectivism oriented" (32%) or "bi-value oriented" (64%);Results ...


A Qualitative Analysis Of The Culture Of Parents And Community Members Of A Comprehensive High School: An Examination Of Loyal Support , Laura Studer Brock Jan 2000

A Qualitative Analysis Of The Culture Of Parents And Community Members Of A Comprehensive High School: An Examination Of Loyal Support , Laura Studer Brock

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to discover and determine the elements of the parent/community culture of a comprehensive high school. More specifically, the study investigated the main elements of the parent/community culture, identified the factors contributing to that culture and their relative strengths, determined the education-related beliefs, values, and attitudes, determined how the loyal support culture was developed and maintained, and described the parent/community culture itself. The research was conducted at a comprehensive high school located in a mid-sized city in the Midwest;Interviewing was the primary method of data collection. Small group interviews were conducted ...


Exploring The Beliefs Of Early Childhood Preservice Teachers , Angela Christi Baum Jan 2000

Exploring The Beliefs Of Early Childhood Preservice Teachers , Angela Christi Baum

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study of student beliefs can have important implications for teacher education programs. Few studies are available, however, related specifically to the beliefs of early childhood preservice teachers. The current study addresses the following research questions: What are the beliefs of preservice teachers at different levels in their early childhood education program? What influences the development of these beliefs? To explore these questions, 19 female undergraduate early childhood education preservice teachers participated in five focus groups to discuss their beliefs surrounding several issues in early childhood education (e.g., teacher role, inclusion, parent involvement). Students were divided into three groups ...


The Journey Continues: Life Transitions And Adult Learning Among The Older Women In A Continuing Care Retirement Community , Ya-Fen Lo Jan 2000

The Journey Continues: Life Transitions And Adult Learning Among The Older Women In A Continuing Care Retirement Community , Ya-Fen Lo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate whether adult learning was involved in the adaptation process among elderly women who recently moved to a continuing care retirement community (CCRC);Past studies on retirement living focused on the social aspects of residential life after housing changes had been made. Little was known about the effect of residents' past life experiences on the process of adapting to a new living environment. The aspects of adult learning and development were also left unexplored in previous research regarding older adults' experiences of residential change. To investigate the life-long process of change and ...


The Battleground In Kindergarten: A Contrast Between Pretend Aggression And Real Aggression In A Full-Day Kindergarten Classroom , Heidi Lin Malloy Jan 2000

The Battleground In Kindergarten: A Contrast Between Pretend Aggression And Real Aggression In A Full-Day Kindergarten Classroom , Heidi Lin Malloy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe the real and pretend aggression exhibited by 20 middle-class children in a full-day kindergarten. A qualitative analysis was used to discover the sequence of aggressive episodes and how children executed aggressive acts within the episodes. Boys displayed the majority of aggressive behaviors, but only a small group of boys consistently participated in both real and pretend aggression. In episodes of pretend aggression, the aggressor was most likely to shoot, threaten, hit, or blow up a person, object, or imaginary character. In contrast, the aggressor was most likely to grab, taunt, name-call, push ...


College Science Via Internet: How Effective Is It?, Kathleen Flickinger, Connie Hargrave Jan 2000

College Science Via Internet: How Effective Is It?, Kathleen Flickinger, Connie Hargrave

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

In this paper college science instruction via the Internet is examined from three perspectives: students' on-line learning experiences; a comparative examination of learning on-line versus traditional instruction; and instructors' experiences teaching on-line. The setting was a freshman-level human anatomy / physiology course. Three students participated in a collective case study to describe the learning environment created by the Internet course. Motivation, computer savvy, and self-confidence were important to their success. A quantitative study of the on-line course and the traditional course evaluated the comparative effectiveness of the learning environments. Achievement scores and survey results indicated content understanding and retention were not ...


Exploring The Relationship Between Technology, Instructional Method And Learner Outcomes: An Application Of Path Analysis Techniques , Caryl Louise Bender Jan 2000

Exploring The Relationship Between Technology, Instructional Method And Learner Outcomes: An Application Of Path Analysis Techniques , Caryl Louise Bender

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the debate over the impact of technology and instructional methods on student learner outcomes, there has been no clear winner. This study utilized path analysis techniques to examine these effects. Data was gathered from 6 middle school mathematics classes including 6th, 7th, and 8th grade students (N = 372). Discriminant analysis showed significant differences between the groups, but the model elements captured that variance well enough to predict group membership correctly 82% of the time. Exogenous model elements included socio-economic status, math problem solving achievement, math concepts achievement, motivation for learning math, and score on math exemplar one. Endogenous variables ...


Students' Attitudes And Perceptions Toward Technology , Ji Suk Kim Jan 2000

Students' Attitudes And Perceptions Toward Technology , Ji Suk Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to synthesize previous studies and provide educators and administrators an overall picture of the research that has been done so far in technology education. By providing a research-based data and recommendations regarding which areas of research need to be studied in greater detail, it could lead to the resurgence of K--12 and college technology education programs that professionals and learners clearly perceive as meeting the needs of society;The characteristics of students' perceptions towards technology as they progress through school were investigated. To this end, a meta-analytic approach with three specific objectives was proposed to: (1 ...


Integrating Multicultural Education And Computer-Mediated Communication: Opportunities And Challenges , Lucretia Orlantha Carter Jan 2000

Integrating Multicultural Education And Computer-Mediated Communication: Opportunities And Challenges , Lucretia Orlantha Carter

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In response to national and international agendas of globalization, a number of educators are exploring the integration of multicultural education and computer-mediated communication (CMC) as a promising practice for meeting requests of educational reform. The popular belief is that the cause and goals of multicultural education can be served by CMC, due to its ability to foster access to and cultivate the development of previously unavailable, dynamic, self-sustaining learning communities. While this practice is predicted to continue, currently research in this area is sparse and existing research leaves much to question about the validity of the practice;Seeking to gain ...


Compliments In The Classroom: Gender And Status Differences In Midwestern American English, Cheryl Beth Riesberg Jan 2000

Compliments In The Classroom: Gender And Status Differences In Midwestern American English, Cheryl Beth Riesberg

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Investigation Of A Multimedia Approach To Teaching Spoken English, Hye-Ryon Cho Hong Jan 2000

Investigation Of A Multimedia Approach To Teaching Spoken English, Hye-Ryon Cho Hong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate how learners will interact with multimedia that delivers pictures, audio, and various interactional modifications in teaching spoken English to Korean elementary school children who are currently taking ESL courses or having lessons from private tutors in the USA. In this study, two activities, listening and speaking, were studied using a commercial multimedia CD-ROM program, 'Smart Start English' by Syracuse language System, Inc. According to the results of this research through speaking and listening activities, it seems obvious that such multimedia CD-ROM programs can be used effectively for assisting L2 students to make ...


Maternal Depression Symptomology, Stress, And Behavioral Outcomes In Children: A One Year Longitudinal Study , Tamara Sue Hechtner Jan 2000

Maternal Depression Symptomology, Stress, And Behavioral Outcomes In Children: A One Year Longitudinal Study , Tamara Sue Hechtner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the longitudinal effects of maternal depression and stress on children's teacher-rated social skills (i.e., assertion, cooperation, and self-control) and playground observed behaviors (i.e., positive, negative, and nonsocial) in a community setting with low-income families. The current study consisted of 122 mothers and their kindergarten and/or first grade child who participated in a larger longitudinal study examining the transition of Head Start students into elementary school. Families were selected from the transition study if their incomes were less than or equal to 200% of the poverty threshold in ...


Employer-Provided Training And Development: Consequences For Employees , Mary E. Hultman Jan 2000

Employer-Provided Training And Development: Consequences For Employees , Mary E. Hultman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study extended previous research on the effect of employer-provided training and development on employee wages and promotions. Also investigated were differences in the amount or kinds of workplace education provided male and female employees. The study went beyond previous research to examine the effect of "missed opportunities", defined as nonparticipation in employer-provided training either because the employee was not allowed to participate or because the employee chose not to participate. Participants completed a questionnaire that captured information about the formal training they had received from their current employer at any time and in the past 12 months. Participants were ...


Parent Feedback To Teachers And Its Association To Student Feedback: Does Johnny Tell Mommy? , Alicia Ruth Cantarella Jan 2000

Parent Feedback To Teachers And Its Association To Student Feedback: Does Johnny Tell Mommy? , Alicia Ruth Cantarella

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to provide a discriminating, reliable, and valid method for parents to give teachers feedback. Further, this study examined how student feedback to teachers is similar and dissimilar to parent feedback. The survey was developed with assistance from a judgment panel and stakeholders committee;The opportunity sample consisted of two school systems; one in the Southwestern United States and the other located in the Northeast. Customized scan forms were created for Country Green; Knottown maintained local control electing to use general purpose bubble sheets;The K--12 parent survey was subdivided into realms (communication, classroom ...


The Development And Implementation Of 360 Degree Feedback® For Administrators Of A K-12 Public School District, Linda Gray Smith Jan 2000

The Development And Implementation Of 360 Degree Feedback® For Administrators Of A K-12 Public School District, Linda Gray Smith

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A procedure was developed, implemented, and tested to utilize 3600 Feedback[Superscript registered trademark symbol] collected from various job titles for central office and building administrators in public K-12 school district. Surveys were developed and used to reflect critical criteria for successful job performance. Data were aggregated and shared in feedback conferences with the administrators who were evaluated. Self-improvement plans were developed. Training materials were developed to allow the process to be used by other districts. Administrators who had used the 3600 Feedback compared the information gained from the multi-source feedback to the traditional supervisor-only feedback. Specific findings include: 1 ...


Creating International Opportunities For Students Jan 2000

Creating International Opportunities For Students

Iowa State University Veterinarian

Interest in international experiences for College of Veterinary Medicine students has increased dramatically over the past few years. To help meet the demand for international experiences, two CVM faculty wrote a proposal for a project to help students seek out international experiences.


College Of Veterinary Medicine Iowa State University Class Of 2000 Jan 2000

College Of Veterinary Medicine Iowa State University Class Of 2000

Iowa State University Veterinarian

Photos of the graduating class of 2000 of the College of Veterinary Medicine.


Dr. Hopkins Recieves Norden Teaching Award, Bonnie Smith Jan 2000

Dr. Hopkins Recieves Norden Teaching Award, Bonnie Smith

Iowa State University Veterinarian

The 2000 Carl J. Norden Distinguished Teaching Award was presented to Dr. Steven M. Hopkins. Chosen by a student vote, a recipient of the Norden Distinguished Teaching Award is recognized for his or her outstanding ability, dedication, character, and leadership in the classroom and the veterinary medical profession. As professor of Theriogenology at ISU CVM, Dr. Hopkins consistently embodies those qualities.


Socialization Of Preservice Teachers In The Area Of Early Literacy Education , Sharon Jane Jensen Jan 2000

Socialization Of Preservice Teachers In The Area Of Early Literacy Education , Sharon Jane Jensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative research study was to examine the lived experiences of five preservice teachers enrolled in an early literacy methods course and concurrent field experience. The need for this study is justified by the research pointing to the importance of early literacy learning and, therefore, the necessity of teachers who are well prepared to teach children to read and write. Additionally, this study investigates the teacher socialization process and how it is positively and negatively affected by field experiences. The notion that "experience is the best teacher" is examined through interpretation of the informants' experiences in their ...


Budget Proposal Jan 2000

Budget Proposal

Iowa State University Veterinarian

Proposed budget for the Veterinary Medical Alumni Association at Iowa State University for the year 2000.


Torch Of Leadership Passed In The College Of Veterinary Medicine, Brett Kirch Jan 2000

Torch Of Leadership Passed In The College Of Veterinary Medicine, Brett Kirch

Iowa State University Veterinarian

As the year draws to an end, the College of Veterinary Medicine is undergoing changes in leadership. Since last February, Dean Richard F. Ross had been splitting his duties between the College of Veterinary Medicine and the College of Agriculture. Finally, on July 1, 2000, Dr. Ross left the College of Veterinary Medicine and embarked on a two-year commitment serving as dean of the College of Agriculture. Dr. Ross served as the dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine since 1992 and will be missed by students, faculty, and staff.