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Iowa State University

1999

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Child Care That Works: Child Abuse And Child Care, Lesia L. Oesterreich Dec 1999

Child Care That Works: Child Abuse And Child Care, Lesia L. Oesterreich

Human Sciences Extension and Outreach Publications

What to look for (physical signs or behavioral changes) regarding child abuse, and what to do next.


Reducing Class Size Misses Mark, Wallace Huffman Aug 1999

Reducing Class Size Misses Mark, Wallace Huffman

Economics Publications

School quality is very much on the minds of Iowans and many others. Real (constant-dollar) spending per pupil in Iowa public K-12 schools has increased steadily since 1960 up to 1992-93 when it flattened out. Per-pupil real expenditures are an eye-popping 2.8 times larger than in 1960, and the pupil-teacher ratio has declined about 34 percent -- mostly between 1970 and 1990.


Introduction To Engineering Problem Solving—A New Course For 1100 First Year Engineering Students, Richard L. Porter, Laura J. Bottomley, Mary Clare Robbins, Walthea V. Yarbrough, Sarah A. Rajala, Hugh Fuller Jun 1999

Introduction To Engineering Problem Solving—A New Course For 1100 First Year Engineering Students, Richard L. Porter, Laura J. Bottomley, Mary Clare Robbins, Walthea V. Yarbrough, Sarah A. Rajala, Hugh Fuller

Sarah A. Rajala

During the past several years, NC State University has offered several experimental courses designed for the first year student in engineering; IMPEC, an integrated approach to mathematics, physics, engineering, and chemistry; E123, a mechanical dissection course which is now linked with the first year writing and composition course; and ECE 292D, a hands-on team based design course offered to upper class students as well. All were offered as an alternative to the introductory course (E100) that had little academic content, no engineering problem solving, and consisted of a large lecture room format with information dissemination as the major goal. Although ...


A Longitudinal Evaluation Of Factors Associated With Retaining Women In Science And Engineering , Christina Marie Osslund Gandhi Jan 1999

A Longitudinal Evaluation Of Factors Associated With Retaining Women In Science And Engineering , Christina Marie Osslund Gandhi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the longitudinal effects of a Living Learning Center (LLC) on women studying engineering, science, and Mathematics; The intervention was designed to decrease social isolation within women studying traditionally male-dominated career fields. Secondary goals included increasing LLC participants' retention within nontraditional academic majors and enhancing LLC participants' academic performance within nontraditional courses of study. Finally, increasing LLC participants' university retention, overall academic performance, self-efficacy, and college adjustment were tertiary objectives. Based on previous research, it was hypothesized that women participating in the LLC would report less social isolation, greater major and university retention, higher academic performance, and greater ...


Models Of Site-Based Management And Parent Perception Of Student Achievement: A National Study , Pauline Marie Sampson Jan 1999

Models Of Site-Based Management And Parent Perception Of Student Achievement: A National Study , Pauline Marie Sampson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The investigation was conducted to document the prevalence of site-based management (SBM) as a form of decentralized governance in public schools. United States Government school census documents were used for the population from which 770 school districts were drawn for the sample. Superintendents from 187 school districts responded to Phase I of this investigation. Superintendents were asked if their school district used SBM, composition of site councils, selection processes of council membership, authority granted, content of decisions, and impact on student achievement;Phase II compared different models of SBM and their impact on student achievement. Three school districts were selected ...


A Tangled Web: Interactions And Structures In University-School Collaborations , Christina Pickerell Ohana Jan 1999

A Tangled Web: Interactions And Structures In University-School Collaborations , Christina Pickerell Ohana

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this volume, I examine some of the structures and beliefs embedded in a university-school partnership. I try to untangle the complex web of interests, ideologies, and information that participants bring to the project. This dissertation includes three research papers. In the first paper, "Integration of Theory with Practice: A Comparison of Two Science Methods Courses," I studied the work of students in two science methods courses. One class was a preservice cohort involved in an experimental program with significant levels of field experiences. Their work was compared to students in the regular program who have a modest field component ...


Theory Into Practice: Social Constructivism And Technology In Instructional Technology And Teacher Education , Muktha B. Jost Jan 1999

Theory Into Practice: Social Constructivism And Technology In Instructional Technology And Teacher Education , Muktha B. Jost

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The discourse around computers in education and social constructivism includes discursive and often divergent ideas on individualized and social instruction, social and standardized construction of curriculum, prior knowledge, competition and cooperation, and situated and decontextualized knowledge. A course on educational computing was designed based on a qualitative framework and constructivist instructional design model with the course instructor as lead designer and researcher. The course was then team-taught to 8 preservice teachers in the spring of 1999. This doctoral dissertation is based on the theory-into-practice research and includes three parts: one conceptual paper on instructional design, one professional practice paper on ...


Black Women Academicians Speak Out: Race, Class, And Gender In Narratives Of Higher Education , Sharon Louise Holmes Jan 1999

Black Women Academicians Speak Out: Race, Class, And Gender In Narratives Of Higher Education , Sharon Louise Holmes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to investigate the academic experiences of selected African American women faculty and administrators employed by two- and four-year predominantly White institutions in the Midwest region of the United States. Particularly attention was given to how the constructs of race, class, and gender shape their academic roles.


A Freirean Approach To English As A Second Language Literacy, Claudia Cristina Mendes Giesel Jan 1999

A Freirean Approach To English As A Second Language Literacy, Claudia Cristina Mendes Giesel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This paper discusses the development of an approach to teach English as a Second Language (ESL) literacy to a non-cohesive group of students based on the ideas of the Brazilian educator Paulo Freire. The Freirean approach works with the students' daily reality and it uses literacy as a means of empowering the students politically, socially, economically, and personally. Freire's works in Brazil and Freirean-inspired programs in the United States are outlined, especially in the areas of ESL literacy. Literature dealing with critical pedagogy in the United States is also examined. The curriculum unit as well as what transpired during ...


The Experiences Of High School Students Dual-Enrolled In Post-Secondary Education: Possibilities Of Positive Growth And Negative Influence, Heather Dawn Johnson Jan 1999

The Experiences Of High School Students Dual-Enrolled In Post-Secondary Education: Possibilities Of Positive Growth And Negative Influence, Heather Dawn Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative thesis examined the experiences of high school students who were dual-enrolled in both high school and college. The thesis focused on the experiences of nine high school students from three Midwestern high schools who were dual-enrolled in geographically proximate post-secondary institutions from October, 1998 through May, 1999. Data based on taped interviews with the students, field observations at the students high schools, and discussions with high school guidance counselors identified reasons why the students enrolled in college courses while still in high school, how they perceived their college classmates, and the differences between educational environments.;It was found ...


Iowa State University Bulletin, Courses And Programs 1999–2001, Iowa State University Jan 1999

Iowa State University Bulletin, Courses And Programs 1999–2001, Iowa State University

Iowa State University Catalog

The Iowa State University Bulletin contains information regarding fees, curricula and related policies and procedures.


Professional Development: South Carolina Family And Consumer Sciences Secondary School Teachers' Experiences, Facilitators, And Opportunities , Ethel Nellie Grant Jones Jan 1999

Professional Development: South Carolina Family And Consumer Sciences Secondary School Teachers' Experiences, Facilitators, And Opportunities , Ethel Nellie Grant Jones

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study used a descriptive and correlational design to examine relationships among selected personal and professional characteristics, professional development experiences, facilitators, and opportunities of South Carolina secondary family and consumer sciences (FCS) secondary school teachers;Two models were developed to suggest various relationships among key variables based on Fullan's (1995) idea about the potential and limits of professional development. One model focused on experiences, the other on opportunities;A population of 496 middle, junior, senior, and occupational school FCS teachers in South Carolina's public schools yielded a sample of 217. A mailed questionnaire was used to collect data ...


Organizational Change: Extension Staff Response To Increase Programming For At-Risk Audiences , Diane Kay Klemme Jan 1999

Organizational Change: Extension Staff Response To Increase Programming For At-Risk Audiences , Diane Kay Klemme

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As family and consumer sciences professionals begin to consider changes in the profession or their individual organizations, an understanding of organizational change and organizational change processes becomes an essential leadership skill (McGregor, 1997). To better overcome resistance to change and create sustained change, the leaders and their staff must learn to examine their personal and the organization's assumptions and alter those assumptions that limit the change process (Argyris, 1997). The purpose of this research is to examine the individual and organizational assumptions that contribute to or inhibit Extension staff programming efforts with at-risk audiences. The research will also aid ...


A Technique Designed To Enhance First-Year At-Risk Students' Intrinsic Motivation: Its Effect On Quality Of Effort Relative To The Academic Experience , Wanda Earnestine Woods Everage Jan 1999

A Technique Designed To Enhance First-Year At-Risk Students' Intrinsic Motivation: Its Effect On Quality Of Effort Relative To The Academic Experience , Wanda Earnestine Woods Everage

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Student involvement theory provides the framework for examining the effectiveness of the technique Dare to Dream on improving first-year at-risk students' quality of effort relative to their coursework and other academic activities. The researcher of this study developed the technique Dare to Dream with the goal to enhance students' intrinsic motivation by helping them construct connections between the current academic experience and their future career aspirations, thereby increasing their involvement and thus improving their quality of effort. From 1994 to 1998 the researcher, in the role of educator during that time, administered Dare to Dream to over 300 students in ...


Motivations, Barriers, And Educational Opportunities Associated With Distance Learning In Southwestern Iowa, Paula Marie Teig Jan 1999

Motivations, Barriers, And Educational Opportunities Associated With Distance Learning In Southwestern Iowa, Paula Marie Teig

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/42589151


Constructivist Learning Environments Inviting Computer Technology For Problem Solving: New Junctures For Female Students , Sally Rapp Beisser Jan 1999

Constructivist Learning Environments Inviting Computer Technology For Problem Solving: New Junctures For Female Students , Sally Rapp Beisser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

While complex problem solving has been traditionally an area in which females have not excelled, there is increased emphasis in the development of problem solving for all learners in the Information Age. Concern exists regarding the gap between male and female competencies in using computer technology. Therefore, the possibility of intervention using computer technology as a tool for learning holds promise for females to develop competencies necessary to become better problem solvers. Interventions assisting female students in using technology to restructure or alter their conceptions of problem solving may prove to be effective in developing of problem-solving skills and computer ...


A Factor Analysis Of K-12 Student Feedback Items And The Association Of These Items To Criterion-Referenced Tests In Reading, Language Arts, And Mathematics , Frances Ann Kayona Jan 1999

A Factor Analysis Of K-12 Student Feedback Items And The Association Of These Items To Criterion-Referenced Tests In Reading, Language Arts, And Mathematics , Frances Ann Kayona

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The following study was designed to examine student feedback items from four (K--2, 3--5, 6--8, and 9--12) teacher feedback instruments in anticipation of uncovering specific dimensions or domains of teaching. These items were measured against student achievement scores from criterion-referenced tests in reading, language arts, and mathematics to determine which instructional behaviors are associated with high student achievement. And finally, this study developed and tested additional items that best reflect exemplary teaching practices in reading, language arts, and mathematics instruction. The new items were written with the expectation that these teaching practices promote higher-order thinking and learning among students in ...


Korean Female Adolescents' Food Attitudes And Food Intake Relative To The Korean Food Tower , Kyeung-Eun Kim Park Jan 1999

Korean Female Adolescents' Food Attitudes And Food Intake Relative To The Korean Food Tower , Kyeung-Eun Kim Park

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A survey was conducted to examine food intake and food attitudes of 285 Korean female students attending a high school in Seoul. Food intake was assessed using a food frequency based on the Korean Food Tower consisting of five food groups, i.e., grain products, vegetables and fruits, meat, milk, and fats and sweets. The food attitude scale consisted of 22 items that were categorized into five factors with items about conscious choice of food, health concerns, economics and time influence, interest in foods, and foods that energize in regard to each of the five food groups;An analysis of ...


Internet-Based Instruction In College Teaching , Kathleen Flickinger Jan 1999

Internet-Based Instruction In College Teaching , Kathleen Flickinger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Distance education and Internet instruction are increasingly being used in college science teaching. In an effort to reach more students, Iowa State University's Human Anatomy and Physiology course was offered via Internet as well as via traditional lecture format. To assess the educational ramifications of this offering, three studies were conducted. In the first study, a collective case study approach was utilized to describe the learning environment created by an Internet-based college science course. In this study, three students were followed as they worked their way through the course. Collective case study methodologies were used to provide a rich ...


Eighth-Grade Writers And Meaning-Making: A Study Of Computer-Mediated Conferencing And Publishing , Lois J. Yocum Jan 1999

Eighth-Grade Writers And Meaning-Making: A Study Of Computer-Mediated Conferencing And Publishing , Lois J. Yocum

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A practitioner research methodology characterizes this investigation and analysis. This study is based on observations, interviews, surveys, and analyses of students' writing, and it is grounded in constructivist theory. The purpose of this study is to determine ways in which eighth graders in creative writing, online journalism, and language arts classes find meaning in three activities: (1) computer-mediated collaborative conferencing with distant audiences, (2) publishing their school newspaper on the Internet, and (3) preparing multimedia projects;This study illustrates the relationships among conducting practitioner research, promoting curriculum change, and encouraging student empowerment through writing for broader audiences. Research in the ...


Computers, Critical Literacy, And First-Year Composition: Modestly Re-Thinking Some Comfortable Thoughts , Barbara Blakely Duffelmeyer Jan 1999

Computers, Critical Literacy, And First-Year Composition: Modestly Re-Thinking Some Comfortable Thoughts , Barbara Blakely Duffelmeyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this critical qualitative research project, students in six sections of First-Year Composition at Iowa State University and the researcher attempted to determine how cultural assumptions about computer technology influence their development of critical computer literacy in FY Comp. Beginning with students' baseline perspectives on digital technology, the study examined the formative experiences and patterns of engagement students relate and characteristic expressions they use to talk about technology. The study followed students as they were invited to re-think their previous attitudes about the computer. The study presents and analyzes the distinctive ways that students re-thought (or failed to re-think) these ...


The Effect Of Varying Data Collection Techniques In Evaluating The Impact Of A Social Problem Solving Curriculum , John Frederick Tompkins Jan 1999

The Effect Of Varying Data Collection Techniques In Evaluating The Impact Of A Social Problem Solving Curriculum , John Frederick Tompkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The ability to apply techniques associated with problem solving and decision making has been identified as an area receiving significant emphasis in today's educational programming. Goodman, Gravitt and Kaslow (1995) found that children who had experienced a high impact of negative life events with less effective social problem solving skills reported higher levels of depression compared to children that exhibited more effective social problem solving skills. The following questions are posed as problem statements for this study: (1) Is student performance in social problem solving measured in a one-to-one structured interview enhanced when demonstration or application of skills is ...


Status Of The Freshmen Learning Community Initiative At Iowa State University, Laura Jo Doering Jan 1999

Status Of The Freshmen Learning Community Initiative At Iowa State University, Laura Jo Doering

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One type of experience in higher education today that encourages students to get involved in their learning, both in and outside of the classroom, are learning communities. Learning communities are "relatively small groups of students (and faculty) working together to enhance and integrate students' learning and to help students become well-rounded, broad based individuals" (Lenning & Ebbers, 1999, p. 15). Learning communities, when intentionally structured and centered on learning outcomes, enable students, faculty, and student affairs professionals to shape and mold the learning experience, and to do so in an energized environment. Ultimately, learning communities can increase retention, and improve student academic performance. The first purpose of this study was to increase understanding of whether freshmen learning communities at Iowa State University contribute positively to student persistence at the University and to student academic achievement (measured by grade point average).;The second purpose of this study was to explore which characteristics of learning communities at Iowa State University make a difference. This study compares the retention rates and GPA performance of learning community students based on five learning community characteristics: (1) lived together in a ...


Computer Technology Integration In Iowa High Schools: Perceptions Of Teachers , Lynn Kay Manternach-Wigans Jan 1999

Computer Technology Integration In Iowa High Schools: Perceptions Of Teachers , Lynn Kay Manternach-Wigans

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study is based on focus group interviews with nearly 200 teachers at 30 Iowa high schools during the Spring of 1998. During the one-day site visits at each school, data was also collected from students, the principal, and the technology coordinator (where available). During focus group sessions teachers were asked about how they use technology, how they define technology integration, what motivates them to integrate technology, what barriers they face, how technology is changing teaching and learning, and what they believe the future holds for technology in education;Findings indicate that Iowa teachers are progressing well with technology integration ...


The School Lunch Program As A Vehicle For Nutrition Education In Iowa Public Schools , Chi-Ting Chen Jan 1999

The School Lunch Program As A Vehicle For Nutrition Education In Iowa Public Schools , Chi-Ting Chen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the Iowa public school food service (SFS) district directors incorporated nutrition education into SFS programs. A preliminary qualitative study was conducted to obtain in-depth information about nutrition education in SFS programs. The resulting information from interviews with 12 private SFS directors was used to develop a self-administered questionnaire for this study;The questionnaire consisted of three parts: demographic information, nutrition education activities, and attitudes toward nutrition education. The questionnaire was pilot tested, revised, and mailed to 377 Iowa public SFS district directors. The return rate was 74% (n ...


Moving In A Man's World: Three Qualitative Case Studies Illustrate How Women Can Survive In Male-Dominated Work Environments , Candace Anne Strawn Jan 1999

Moving In A Man's World: Three Qualitative Case Studies Illustrate How Women Can Survive In Male-Dominated Work Environments , Candace Anne Strawn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors influencing women's decisions to enter male-dominated work environments, specifically the fields of academia, law, and Computer Sciences; In order to encourage more women to pursue nontraditional careers, it is necessary to determine the types of support and environments required for women to succeed in these areas. Therefore, qualitative, interpretive research within a feminist theoretical framework was used to assess the impact of family background, educational opportunities, and cultural expectations on the respondents' career choices. How the respondents negotiated the imaginary line between their personal and private lives, and how ...


The Association Of Selected Student Characteristics With Student Ratings Of Teachers , Herbert Duane Strasser Jan 1999

The Association Of Selected Student Characteristics With Student Ratings Of Teachers , Herbert Duane Strasser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to determine if there were significant associations between selected student demographic characteristics and the mean student ratings of teachers in the Lincoln County Wyoming School District. A major goal was to assist teachers in understanding the relationship, if any, between mean student ratings of teachers and the student demographic profiles of teacher classrooms. The selected student demographic characteristics studied included; student gender, special education designation, honor roll status, low socioeconomic status and average class attenDance;;The student demographic characteristics and the student rating of teacher data were collected in the spring of 1996 ...


A Study Of Professional Development, Research, Practices, And Policies To Prepare Inservice Teachers In New Technologies: Implications For Training Standards In New Technologies , Joyce Ann Pittman Jan 1999

A Study Of Professional Development, Research, Practices, And Policies To Prepare Inservice Teachers In New Technologies: Implications For Training Standards In New Technologies , Joyce Ann Pittman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the efficacy of technology standards, policies and practices driving the Center for Technology in Education's (CTE) training and support efforts provided to inservice educators in the State of Maryland;In 1986, the Maryland State Department of Education (MSDE) partnered with CTE to provide training for teachers in new technologies to achieve educational reform goals, access to professional development and technical support. Five primary factors were examined (1) knowledge and awareness, (2) professional development, (3) technical assistance, (4) information dissemination, and (5) availability of new technology;The research was designed to evaluate the above factors to answer ...


Tool Of Transformation: The Ideological Role Of Computer Technology In Education , Lowell Wayne Monke Jan 1999

Tool Of Transformation: The Ideological Role Of Computer Technology In Education , Lowell Wayne Monke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Computer technology is usually evaluated according to its effectiveness in aiding learning. What is generally ignored is the impact of the ideology embedded in the computer on the very structure of education. This philosophical dissertation consists of four essays which examine the relationship of this ideology to the learning enterprise. The first essay develops the character of that ideology and its general influence on learning. It is argued that the ideology embodied in the computer is congruent with the ideology of technology that has developed in Western civilization over the last 300 years. As a result, the computer furthers a ...


A Study Of The Effectiveness Of The Iowa Communications Network As A Distance Learning System By Comparing Student Achievement At The Originating Site And At Remote Sites , Patrick Howard Payton Jan 1999

A Study Of The Effectiveness Of The Iowa Communications Network As A Distance Learning System By Comparing Student Achievement At The Originating Site And At Remote Sites , Patrick Howard Payton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compares student achievement between studio students and remote students in a course taught over the Iowa Communications Network. The Iowa Communications Network is a two-way full motion fiber optics telecommunications system capable of linking students and instructors anywhere in Iowa;The students in a graduate school law course being taught over the Iowa Communications Network were selected to be the subjects of this study. The instructor was a lawyer who had previously taught the course, but had not taught a course over the Iowa Communications Network. The instructor had no special training and received no special training before ...