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Iowa State University

1998

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Comparison Of Research Findings Obtained Through Focus Group Sessions With Those Acquired Through Surveys , Paul Thomas Hillyer Jan 1998

A Comparison Of Research Findings Obtained Through Focus Group Sessions With Those Acquired Through Surveys , Paul Thomas Hillyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to answer the questions: (1) Are there significant differences in the answers gained through focus group sessions and answers gained from surveying the larger population from which the focus group participants were taken? (2) Can focus group findings be generalized to the larger population?;To answer these questions focus group sessions were conducted which asked participants to give their opinions on a teacher evaluation plan that was being piloted in the Mesa, Arizona, public schools. Each of four groups was asked ten questions related to various components of the proposed evaluation model. After each focus group session ...


Diffusion Of A Telecommunication And Computing Innovation At Waldorf College , Daniel Herbert Hanson Jan 1998

Diffusion Of A Telecommunication And Computing Innovation At Waldorf College , Daniel Herbert Hanson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to determine the relationships, and how they might change over time, between student perceptions of institutional innovativeness, individual innovativeness and computer anxiety and the diffusion of laptop computers and network access use among students in a small two-year college with a focus on the liberal arts. A second purpose of this study was to provide an investigation and a description of the easily available computer and network learning environment infused at the college;Participants in the study were two groups of Waldorf students. Data were gathered from one group of 216 students after ...


Making Incongruent Requests: Discourse Analysis Of Conversations Between American And Chinese Speakers Of English In International Student Advising Sessions, Wenqin Shen Jan 1998

Making Incongruent Requests: Discourse Analysis Of Conversations Between American And Chinese Speakers Of English In International Student Advising Sessions, Wenqin Shen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Assessing The Impact Of Asynchronous Computer-Mediated Communication Environments On Second Language Learning Activities, Julio César Rodríguez Jan 1998

Assessing The Impact Of Asynchronous Computer-Mediated Communication Environments On Second Language Learning Activities, Julio César Rodríguez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


In Their Own Words, "The Impact Of A Freshman Seminar", Kari Ann Ditsworth Jan 1998

In Their Own Words, "The Impact Of A Freshman Seminar", Kari Ann Ditsworth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Freshman seminars are courses designed to help first year students make the transition from high school to college and help them succeed in the classroom. In 1996, a retention-based program was developed to assist a group of freshman scholarship winners at Iowa State University. The purpose of this study was to describe how attending the Hixson Scholars Seminar: University 111 impacted the students' freshman year experience. Three focus group interviews were conducted with seven seminar participants invited to attend each session. In-depth, detailed descriptions obtained using qualitative methods helped the researcher accurately describe the seminar participants' experiences.;The study addressed ...


A Study Of The Standards Used In Vocational-Technical Teacher Preparation , Israel Colón Jr. Jan 1998

A Study Of The Standards Used In Vocational-Technical Teacher Preparation , Israel Colón Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the value, as perceived by faculty and graduates from the Vocational-Technical Education (VTE) Department at the State University of New York College at Oswego (SUNYCO), of the Standards of Quality for the Preparation and Certification of Trade and Industrial Education Teachers proposed by the National Association of Industrial and Technical Teacher Educators. More specifically, the study sought to investigate the importance ratings from graduates and faculty, the difference in importance ratings between faculty and graduates, and the relationship between importance and readiness ratings perceived by graduates toward the Standards of Quality;A ...


Student Perceptions Of The English For Native Speakers Of Other Languages (Ensol) Program At Iowa State University, Marianne Keller Van Natta Jan 1998

Student Perceptions Of The English For Native Speakers Of Other Languages (Ensol) Program At Iowa State University, Marianne Keller Van Natta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Perceptions Of Secondary School Agriculture Teachers In The North Central Region Of The U.S. Regarding Sustainable Agriculture: Implications To Curriculum Development In Agricultural Education, Kehinde Aderemi Ajaiyeoba Agbaje Jan 1998

Perceptions Of Secondary School Agriculture Teachers In The North Central Region Of The U.S. Regarding Sustainable Agriculture: Implications To Curriculum Development In Agricultural Education, Kehinde Aderemi Ajaiyeoba Agbaje

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of secondary school agriculture teachers in the North Central Region of the US regarding sustainable agriculture, the extent to which they teach the subject in their curriculum, and the use, credibility, and benefits of selected information sources. A secondary purpose was to develop a model to guide the integration of sustainable agriculture subject matter into the curriculum. Overall, the teachers had positive perceptions and a basic understanding of sustainable agriculture practices. Teachers in this study expressed the desire to incorporate more of the subject into their curriculum if their ...


The Feasibility Of Charter Schools In The United States: A National Study , Ann Ronette Curphey Jan 1998

The Feasibility Of Charter Schools In The United States: A National Study , Ann Ronette Curphey

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was to do a feasibility study of charter schools in the United States. The states of Arizona, California, Minnesota, and New Mexico were the basis of the research. Most charter schools are free from laws and regulations governing public schools. However, charter schools are accountable for results affecting student achievement. Usually, a charter school's performance is reviewed three to five years after starting. If student achievement is good and results are successful, the charter school remains;Six research questions were answered as a result of the study. (1) What really prompted the charter school ...


The Home Environments Of Children With Disabilities: Implications For Peer Relationships And Self-Determination , Cheryl Lynn Geisthardt Jan 1998

The Home Environments Of Children With Disabilities: Implications For Peer Relationships And Self-Determination , Cheryl Lynn Geisthardt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The research reported here explores the role of the home environment in the development of peer relationships and skills contributing to self-determination for children with disabilities. More specifically, the roles that parents and the physical environment play in regulating peer relationships and providing opportunities to exert control, make choices and act independently in the home are examined. A literature review and two research studies examining the home environments of children with disabilities are presented;The first study uses qualitative data analysis of in-depth family interviews and home observations to examine the experiences children with disabilities have with peers in the ...


Secrets Of The Self: The Reconceptualization Of Gender-Role Identity In Contemporary Latter-Day Saint Women , Kelli Jo Kerry Moran Jan 1998

Secrets Of The Self: The Reconceptualization Of Gender-Role Identity In Contemporary Latter-Day Saint Women , Kelli Jo Kerry Moran

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the resolution of gender role conflict in female members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS). Contemporary women are faced with contradictory pressures as they strive to develop gender-role identity. As a highly patriarchal religion, cultural pressures within the LDS church increase the paradox surrounding gender roles as women are encouraged to follow traditional gender role patterns. Women with ambitions and talents that do not fall within traditional role expectations are challenged to develop independent conceptions of their gender-role identity. Paradox in gender-roles and gender-role identity results in fragmenting of the self as ...


Perceptions Regarding Sustainable Agricultural Practices Associated With Weed Management: Implications To Agricultural Extension Education , Dido Guyo Kotile Jan 1998

Perceptions Regarding Sustainable Agricultural Practices Associated With Weed Management: Implications To Agricultural Extension Education , Dido Guyo Kotile

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of this study was to determine and analyze farmers' perceptions regarding the adoption of selected sustainable agriculture practices specifically associated with weed control in Iowa. A secondary purpose was to identify the implications to agricultural extension education;The study revealed that farmers use a combination of various weed control methods including chemical control, cultivation, soil fertility management, crop rotation, and crop diversification. Farmers in this study indicated that they were supportive of educational program focused on sustainable agricultural practices. The challenge that faces extension educators is to design educational programs that fit the needs of farmers;Farmers ...


A Qualitative Study Of Selected Educational Issues In Nine Hospital-Related Colleges In The United States , Deanne Marie Remer Jan 1998

A Qualitative Study Of Selected Educational Issues In Nine Hospital-Related Colleges In The United States , Deanne Marie Remer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate the role of hospital-related allied health colleges in higher education; how changes in the nation's health care system have impacted these colleges; and the leadership characteristics of allied health college presidents. Based on the propositions that health care education and the preparation of a health care workforce are integral parts of our society's health care system, theories of environmental change and organizational development are presented as a theoretical foundation for this study. Four research questions were identified as the focus of exploration for this research study: (1) What impact ...


Perceived Benefits Of Selected Experiential Learning Activities And Quality Of Instructional Techniques In A College Of Agriculture Capstone Course , Randall James Andreasen Jan 1998

Perceived Benefits Of Selected Experiential Learning Activities And Quality Of Instructional Techniques In A College Of Agriculture Capstone Course , Randall James Andreasen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of course completers in a college of agriculture capstone course regarding the benefits of selected experiential learning activities and instructional techniques. Further, this study sought to determine the quality of the learning activities and instructional techniques employed in capstone course and to develop a model for the integration of these experiential learning activities into capstone courses;This study was conducted using a descriptive survey design. A four part questionnaire was developed and sent to 214 capstone course completers of AgEdS 450, Farm Management and Operation, Iowa State University. This sample ...


Assessment Of The United States Information Agency Sponsored University Affiliation Project Between Iowa State University And The National Agriculture University Of Ukraine Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (Cbam), Victor A. Udin Jan 1998

Assessment Of The United States Information Agency Sponsored University Affiliation Project Between Iowa State University And The National Agriculture University Of Ukraine Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (Cbam), Victor A. Udin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem of this study was to evaluate the success of the Iowa State University (ISU) Linkage project (Crawford & Melnichuk, 1994) at the National Agricultural University of Ukraine (NAUU). The evaluation of the project's success and the educational changes it brought about were accomplished by determining the levels of use of the key elements of this change: the revised curriculum, new methods of teaching, and new teaching materials used at NAUU. This program evaluation research of the Linkage project was conducted based on the Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM). The Levels of Use dimension of the Concerns-Based Adoption Model was applied to determine if the Linkage project was successful;The survey questionnaire consisted of sections describing the NAUU participants': demographic characteristics; knowledge of the English language; understanding of the essence of the Linkage project; awareness of the administrative changes at NAUU; and levels of use of the new curriculum developed as the result of the Linkage project. Statistical analysis revealed that neither demographic characteristics nor administrative reform has a relation to the levels of use of the main results of the Linkage project. The school environment was the only factor ...


The Effects Of Computer Simulation Models On Middle School Students' Understanding Of The Anatomy And Morphology Of The Frog , Joseph Paul Akpan Jan 1998

The Effects Of Computer Simulation Models On Middle School Students' Understanding Of The Anatomy And Morphology Of The Frog , Joseph Paul Akpan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Science teachers, school administrators, educators, and the scientific community are faced with ethical controversies over animal dissection in school biology classrooms. Computer simulation has been proposed as a way of dealing with this issue. One intriguing tentative finding in previous research was that use of an interactive videodisc dissection facilitated performance on a subsequent actual dissection. This study was designed to replicate and extend that finding to computer-based dissection. The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to examine the effectiveness of a computer simulation model of frog dissection in improving students' actual dissection performance and learning of frog anatomy ...


Faculty Computer Self-Efficacy And Integration Of Electronic Communication In Teaching College Courses , Leah Chepngéno Keino Kagima Jan 1998

Faculty Computer Self-Efficacy And Integration Of Electronic Communication In Teaching College Courses , Leah Chepngéno Keino Kagima

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As technological innovations continue to change and expand, it becomes increasingly necessary to support faculty in adopting innovations to keep up with the educational demands of the 21st century such as the changing learning environments, distance education, computer based course management, and delivery technologies. Recent studies have indicated that successful implementation of educational technologies depends largely on educators who guide the daily experiences of learners. Understanding more about faculty confidence and skills for computer technology use can provide insights for intervention strategies in faculty development efforts. To prepare for this intervention, it is important to identify the extent to which ...


School-Based Problem-Solving Interventions: The Impact Of Training And Documentation On The Quality And Outcomes , Kristi R. Flugum Upah Jan 1998

School-Based Problem-Solving Interventions: The Impact Of Training And Documentation On The Quality And Outcomes , Kristi R. Flugum Upah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Limited research suggests there is a relation between quality interventions, as indicated by the presence of specific indicators, and positive student outcomes (Flugum, 1992; Flugum & Reschly, 1992, 1994); these findings, however, were based on self-report data with no intervention documentation to verify the quality or outcomes. There continues to be a need to determine which components (i.e., quality indices) are essential for school-based problem-solving interventions to result in positive outcomes for students. Research (e.g., McDougall, Reschly & Corkery, 1988; Kratochwill, VanSomeran & Sheridan, 1989) also supports the use of protocol-based training to influence the quality of these interventions positively; yet, questions remain as to the effect of the protocol versus the training;In addition to answering the above question, this study attempted ...


An Investigation Of A Manipulative Simulation In The Learning Of Recursive Programming , Randall Wayne Bower Jan 1998

An Investigation Of A Manipulative Simulation In The Learning Of Recursive Programming , Randall Wayne Bower

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recursion is a fundamentally important topic in Computer Sciences; Even so, it is often omitted in introductory courses, or discussed only briefly. This is likely due, at least in part, to the fact that teaching recursion has been difficult. Perhaps the biggest problem in teaching recursion is that there are few, if any, naturally existing examples of recursion in our lives. However, successful simulations have shown that the computer may hold the key to solving this problem. A simulation of recursion presented to students before formal classroom instruction can provide a foundation of concrete experiences to build upon. The challenge ...


Words And Spaces: A Story Of An American Indian In The Academy , Smokey Mckinney Jan 1998

Words And Spaces: A Story Of An American Indian In The Academy , Smokey Mckinney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A new social climate in American society is allowing more American Indians to pursue higher education, and an increase is being seen in the number of Indians attaining graduate degrees and participating in the academy as professors and researchers and authors. But distinct differences between approaches taken by the European-based academy and ways of thinking shared by many American Indian peoples create unique challenges for the Indian person who seeks to be an academic. This dissertation looks into the issues facing the Indian Academic, and argues that the Indian person must pursue multiple avenues of thought and argument to find ...


The Tale Of Two Classrooms: The Looping Experience , Jyll Johnson Miner Jan 1998

The Tale Of Two Classrooms: The Looping Experience , Jyll Johnson Miner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This ethnographic study describes the instructional strategies and methods of teacher planning used by two elementary looping teachers in one elementary school. Over a six month period, twenty-three interviews were conducted and fifty observations were made. Teachers discuss planning, teacher collaboration, student range of abilities, life history, integrated thematic instruction, and literacy concepts. The primary purpose of the study was to provide a description of planning and instruction from the perspective of teachers in active looping classrooms. I was guided by three research questions: (1) What are teachers' experiences in a looped classroom? (2) What kinds of instructional approaches evolve ...


Ways Of Knowing And Caring For Older Adults: A Qualitative Study Of Baccalaureate Nursing Students' Perceptions , Debra Diane Braun Franzen Jan 1998

Ways Of Knowing And Caring For Older Adults: A Qualitative Study Of Baccalaureate Nursing Students' Perceptions , Debra Diane Braun Franzen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The growing population of older adults presents many challenges to nursing education. Curriculum design must attend to means that support students in a comprehensive approach to the often complex care that older adults require. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore how baccalaureate nursing students come to know and understand care for older adults, and apply this student perspective to curriculum and practice issues related to gerontology nursing;Eight recent graduates of a baccalaureate nursing program at a midwestern, private, liberal arts college were individually interviewed at two separate meetings. In addition, a document review was conducted of ...


Day Treatment: Development Of A Model Program And Determination Of Its Effects On 13-21 Year Olds , Thomas Joseph Gehlsen Jan 1998

Day Treatment: Development Of A Model Program And Determination Of Its Effects On 13-21 Year Olds , Thomas Joseph Gehlsen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

For decades there has been a need in communities to provide a collaborative series of services to the emotionally and behaviorally disordered adolescent. These services need to be provided in a lesser restrictive environment other than a residential setting but more restrictive that a mainstream educational setting. In this completed study, the purpose was to describe an ecological treatment program for Behavior Disorder/Severely Emotionally Disturbed adolescents. The question, "How did the development of this type of treatment program come about and how did the effects of the program make the coordinated efforts of various local agencies a state and ...


The Home Fronts Of Iowa, 1940-1945 , Lisa Lynn Ossian Jan 1998

The Home Fronts Of Iowa, 1940-1945 , Lisa Lynn Ossian

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Iowa's citizens during World War II became soldiers in their loyalty, energy, and commitment as they fought on one or more of the home fronts. These four home fronts (historic terms) were the farm, production, community, and kitchen fronts. The farm front as part of the Food for Freedom campaign produced corn, soybeans, eggs, pork, beef, milk, and hemp for the Armed Services and the Allies. Iowa's farmers faced labor and machinery shortages yet produced record amounts of crops and animals. This prosperity, however, cost Iowa some of its valuable topsoil and initiated a turn toward a factory ...


Interdisciplinary Health Professions Education: An Exploration Of Two Programs , Ann M. Valentine Jan 1998

Interdisciplinary Health Professions Education: An Exploration Of Two Programs , Ann M. Valentine

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In response to economic and demographic forces, health care delivery is changing. These powerful dynamics of change require practitioners from all disciplines to be prepared to work in interdisciplinary teams, to competently access health and information technologies, and to understand the multiple functions required for adequate health care provision (Pew Health Professions Commission, 1995). Therefore, we have reached a juncture at which a careful study of health professions education is essential. This project is an exploratory study of two programs which have been instituted to address the nation's changing health professions workforce, needs. The study is intended to establish ...


Perceived Degree Of Continuous Improvement Principles And Degree Of Role Effectiveness Of Local School Boards In Iowa , David J. Scala Jan 1998

Perceived Degree Of Continuous Improvement Principles And Degree Of Role Effectiveness Of Local School Boards In Iowa , David J. Scala

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was undertaken to examine the relationship between the manner in which local boards of education perceive their responsibilities and the extent to which perceptions of total quality improvement principles exist within their school districts;Data were collected from thirty-four (34) Iowa public school districts. Two survey instruments, the Perceived Quality Assessment Instrument (PQAI) and the Role Perception Quality Instrument (RPQI), were used to collect data from all thirty-four districts;Analysis of the data included (1) correlation, to determine the relationship between a board of education's perceptions of its roles and responsibilities and the extent to which principles ...


Relationships Among Student Attitudes, Motivation, Learning Styles, Learning Strategies, Patterns Of Learning And Achievement: A Formative Evaluation Of Distance Education Via Web-Based Courses , Ching-Chun Shih Jan 1998

Relationships Among Student Attitudes, Motivation, Learning Styles, Learning Strategies, Patterns Of Learning And Achievement: A Formative Evaluation Of Distance Education Via Web-Based Courses , Ching-Chun Shih

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The World Wide Web (WWW) is the latest in a long line of educational technologies, and the list of courses on it is growing daily. Formative evaluations would help educators enhance teaching and learning in Web-based courses. This study analyzed the relationships between student achievement and the following variables: attitudes, motivation, learning strategies, patterns of learning, learning styles, and selected demographics. It was a population study that included 99 students taking two non-major introductory biology courses offered over the WWW by Iowa State University in the fall of 1997. Seventy-four (75%) students completed a learning style test, an on-line questionnaire ...


Natural Language And Mixed Modality Task Presentations In The Human-Computer Interaction Using Programmable Logic Controllers , John Robert Wright Jr. Jan 1998

Natural Language And Mixed Modality Task Presentations In The Human-Computer Interaction Using Programmable Logic Controllers , John Robert Wright Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the human-computer interaction elements of task presentation and task structure in the programming of Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs). Task presentation methods that were explored included a natural language (GE Fanuc's State Logic), and a mixed modality language (GE Fanuc's Logicmaster Relay Ladder Logic). Task Structure elements utilized in this study were linear procedural tasks and conditional branching tasks;A two-level factorial analysis of covariance determined that task presentation was a significant contributor to programming development times. Task structure and the interaction between task presentation and task structure did not yield significant p-values at the ...


Constructs That Contribute To Student Satisfaction For Participating In Graduate Level Courses Delivered By Full Motion Interactive Fiber Optic Communications Network , Fatemeh Zarghami Jan 1998

Constructs That Contribute To Student Satisfaction For Participating In Graduate Level Courses Delivered By Full Motion Interactive Fiber Optic Communications Network , Fatemeh Zarghami

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to measure constructs that contribute to graduate student satisfaction with interactive televised courses that have been taught via Iowa Communications Network (ICN). In this study student satisfaction with the instructor's communication and teaching skills, accessibility of the instructor out of classroom, course management, course content, and quality of technology was measured by using the Student Satisfaction with ICN (SSICN) questionnaire. Students' needs and their suggestions to improve the quality of education through ICN were identified through five open-ended questions. The population for the study was 690 graduate students who took ICN courses between ...


A Qualitative Study Of The Student Culture In A Selected Comprehensive High School In The United States , Charles Milton Green Jan 1998

A Qualitative Study Of The Student Culture In A Selected Comprehensive High School In The United States , Charles Milton Green

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Schools today, especially large comprehensive high schools, are besieged with studies, critiques, and proposals for reform. Many critics have exposed factors that contribute to putting our nation at risk because of its schools. Despite reports targeted on the weaknesses of high school education, constructive attempts are being made to study root causes and implement changes that work to improve and make lasting changes in the schools. As early as 1945, a body of research has focused on improving high schools by fully understanding student culture and promoting ideas and structures which facilitate improvements in student culture. It is believed that ...