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Full-Text Articles in Education

Employment And Wage Dynamics In Estonia, 1989-95, Rivo Noorkoiv, Peter F. Orazem, Allan Puur, Milan Vodopivec Nov 1998

Employment And Wage Dynamics In Estonia, 1989-95, Rivo Noorkoiv, Peter F. Orazem, Allan Puur, Milan Vodopivec

Economics Publications

This study monitors the effects of economic transition on wages and employment in a former Soviet Republic. Estonia's case is of particular interest because of its early adoption of relatively free labour market policies. Relative wages for the highest educated groups rose for all age groups. There were also rapid increases in returns to job experience, particularly at young ages. Increasing wage dispersion across human capital groups was accompanied by narrowing wage dispersion within human capital groups. Relative wages rose in sectors which gained relative employment, while they fell in shrinking sectors. In addition, there were large flows of ...


‘Contrary To Our Way Of Thinking’: The Struggle For An American Indian Center In Chicago, Grant Arndt Jan 1998

‘Contrary To Our Way Of Thinking’: The Struggle For An American Indian Center In Chicago, Grant Arndt

Grant Arndt

When Chicago’s American Indian Center opened in 1953, it had a small core of dedicated leaders, but little support in the city. The Center’s board of directors had applied for funding to Chicago’s Metropolitan Welfare Council, the main clearing- house of philanthropic funding in the city, only to be told that the Center’s existence was “contrary to our way of thinking.” 1 It was not the first time that Native Americans seeking to cre- ate urban organizations had encountered rejection. For years, local Native American activists had found that urban Indians and Native American urban organizations ...


Diffusion Of A Telecommunication And Computing Innovation At Waldorf College , Daniel Herbert Hanson Jan 1998

Diffusion Of A Telecommunication And Computing Innovation At Waldorf College , Daniel Herbert Hanson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to determine the relationships, and how they might change over time, between student perceptions of institutional innovativeness, individual innovativeness and computer anxiety and the diffusion of laptop computers and network access use among students in a small two-year college with a focus on the liberal arts. A second purpose of this study was to provide an investigation and a description of the easily available computer and network learning environment infused at the college;Participants in the study were two groups of Waldorf students. Data were gathered from one group of 216 students after ...


Making Incongruent Requests: Discourse Analysis Of Conversations Between American And Chinese Speakers Of English In International Student Advising Sessions, Wenqin Shen Jan 1998

Making Incongruent Requests: Discourse Analysis Of Conversations Between American And Chinese Speakers Of English In International Student Advising Sessions, Wenqin Shen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Assessing The Impact Of Asynchronous Computer-Mediated Communication Environments On Second Language Learning Activities, Julio César Rodríguez Jan 1998

Assessing The Impact Of Asynchronous Computer-Mediated Communication Environments On Second Language Learning Activities, Julio César Rodríguez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Student Perceptions Of The English For Native Speakers Of Other Languages (Ensol) Program At Iowa State University, Marianne Keller Van Natta Jan 1998

Student Perceptions Of The English For Native Speakers Of Other Languages (Ensol) Program At Iowa State University, Marianne Keller Van Natta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Home Environments Of Children With Disabilities: Implications For Peer Relationships And Self-Determination , Cheryl Lynn Geisthardt Jan 1998

The Home Environments Of Children With Disabilities: Implications For Peer Relationships And Self-Determination , Cheryl Lynn Geisthardt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The research reported here explores the role of the home environment in the development of peer relationships and skills contributing to self-determination for children with disabilities. More specifically, the roles that parents and the physical environment play in regulating peer relationships and providing opportunities to exert control, make choices and act independently in the home are examined. A literature review and two research studies examining the home environments of children with disabilities are presented;The first study uses qualitative data analysis of in-depth family interviews and home observations to examine the experiences children with disabilities have with peers in the ...


Assessment Of The United States Information Agency Sponsored University Affiliation Project Between Iowa State University And The National Agriculture University Of Ukraine Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (Cbam), Victor A. Udin Jan 1998

Assessment Of The United States Information Agency Sponsored University Affiliation Project Between Iowa State University And The National Agriculture University Of Ukraine Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (Cbam), Victor A. Udin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem of this study was to evaluate the success of the Iowa State University (ISU) Linkage project (Crawford & Melnichuk, 1994) at the National Agricultural University of Ukraine (NAUU). The evaluation of the project's success and the educational changes it brought about were accomplished by determining the levels of use of the key elements of this change: the revised curriculum, new methods of teaching, and new teaching materials used at NAUU. This program evaluation research of the Linkage project was conducted based on the Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM). The Levels of Use dimension of the Concerns-Based Adoption Model was applied to determine if the Linkage project was successful;The survey questionnaire consisted of sections describing the NAUU participants': demographic characteristics; knowledge of the English language; understanding of the essence of the Linkage project; awareness of the administrative changes at NAUU; and levels of use of the new curriculum developed as the result of the Linkage project. Statistical analysis revealed that neither demographic characteristics nor administrative reform has a relation to the levels of use of the main results of the Linkage project. The school environment was the only factor ...


The Effects Of Computer Simulation Models On Middle School Students' Understanding Of The Anatomy And Morphology Of The Frog , Joseph Paul Akpan Jan 1998

The Effects Of Computer Simulation Models On Middle School Students' Understanding Of The Anatomy And Morphology Of The Frog , Joseph Paul Akpan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Science teachers, school administrators, educators, and the scientific community are faced with ethical controversies over animal dissection in school biology classrooms. Computer simulation has been proposed as a way of dealing with this issue. One intriguing tentative finding in previous research was that use of an interactive videodisc dissection facilitated performance on a subsequent actual dissection. This study was designed to replicate and extend that finding to computer-based dissection. The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to examine the effectiveness of a computer simulation model of frog dissection in improving students' actual dissection performance and learning of frog anatomy ...


Cultural Synergy: An Analysis Of The Impact Of Gender And Race On The Perceptions Of Administrators And Faculty On Understanding And Managing Diversity In Higher Education , R. Mary Thomas-Gallet Jan 1998

Cultural Synergy: An Analysis Of The Impact Of Gender And Race On The Perceptions Of Administrators And Faculty On Understanding And Managing Diversity In Higher Education , R. Mary Thomas-Gallet

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine whether faculty and administrators had different perceptions on the impact of cultural synergy as an approach to understand and manage cultural diversity in higher education. These perceptions were examined to identify whether there was an impact by the respondents' race and gender. The challenges facing higher education in dealing with diversity issues on campus and in the curriculum were discussed in this study and issues such as racism, affirmative action, and employee demographics were reviewed. The cultural synergy approach was examined by looking at various models;The population surveyed included all faculty ...


An Investigation Of The Distinguishing Characteristics Of Exemplary Trainers In Business And Industry In Zimbabwe , Onward Samuel Mandebvu Jan 1998

An Investigation Of The Distinguishing Characteristics Of Exemplary Trainers In Business And Industry In Zimbabwe , Onward Samuel Mandebvu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the demographic, psychological, interpersonal, and attitude and belief characteristics that distinguished exemplary business and industrial trainers (N = 18) and other trainers (N = 70) in Zimbabwe. Additionally, the study investigated whether work experience, academic ability, creativity, trainee-content orientation, and self-perception between the trainers grouped as business, technical, and management trainers significantly differentiated between the groups of trainers. Usable data collected from 88 business and industrial trainers through the Adult Personality Inventory (API), the Attitude and Belief Inventory (ABI), the Trainee-Content Training inventory (T-CT), and the Training Job Competence (TJC) rating scale were analyzed through discriminant analysis and hierarchical ...


Faculty Computer Self-Efficacy And Integration Of Electronic Communication In Teaching College Courses , Leah Chepngéno Keino Kagima Jan 1998

Faculty Computer Self-Efficacy And Integration Of Electronic Communication In Teaching College Courses , Leah Chepngéno Keino Kagima

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As technological innovations continue to change and expand, it becomes increasingly necessary to support faculty in adopting innovations to keep up with the educational demands of the 21st century such as the changing learning environments, distance education, computer based course management, and delivery technologies. Recent studies have indicated that successful implementation of educational technologies depends largely on educators who guide the daily experiences of learners. Understanding more about faculty confidence and skills for computer technology use can provide insights for intervention strategies in faculty development efforts. To prepare for this intervention, it is important to identify the extent to which ...


Words And Spaces: A Story Of An American Indian In The Academy , Smokey Mckinney Jan 1998

Words And Spaces: A Story Of An American Indian In The Academy , Smokey Mckinney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A new social climate in American society is allowing more American Indians to pursue higher education, and an increase is being seen in the number of Indians attaining graduate degrees and participating in the academy as professors and researchers and authors. But distinct differences between approaches taken by the European-based academy and ways of thinking shared by many American Indian peoples create unique challenges for the Indian person who seeks to be an academic. This dissertation looks into the issues facing the Indian Academic, and argues that the Indian person must pursue multiple avenues of thought and argument to find ...


Ways Of Knowing And Caring For Older Adults: A Qualitative Study Of Baccalaureate Nursing Students' Perceptions , Debra Diane Braun Franzen Jan 1998

Ways Of Knowing And Caring For Older Adults: A Qualitative Study Of Baccalaureate Nursing Students' Perceptions , Debra Diane Braun Franzen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The growing population of older adults presents many challenges to nursing education. Curriculum design must attend to means that support students in a comprehensive approach to the often complex care that older adults require. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore how baccalaureate nursing students come to know and understand care for older adults, and apply this student perspective to curriculum and practice issues related to gerontology nursing;Eight recent graduates of a baccalaureate nursing program at a midwestern, private, liberal arts college were individually interviewed at two separate meetings. In addition, a document review was conducted of ...


Day Treatment: Development Of A Model Program And Determination Of Its Effects On 13-21 Year Olds , Thomas Joseph Gehlsen Jan 1998

Day Treatment: Development Of A Model Program And Determination Of Its Effects On 13-21 Year Olds , Thomas Joseph Gehlsen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

For decades there has been a need in communities to provide a collaborative series of services to the emotionally and behaviorally disordered adolescent. These services need to be provided in a lesser restrictive environment other than a residential setting but more restrictive that a mainstream educational setting. In this completed study, the purpose was to describe an ecological treatment program for Behavior Disorder/Severely Emotionally Disturbed adolescents. The question, "How did the development of this type of treatment program come about and how did the effects of the program make the coordinated efforts of various local agencies a state and ...


The Home Fronts Of Iowa, 1940-1945 , Lisa Lynn Ossian Jan 1998

The Home Fronts Of Iowa, 1940-1945 , Lisa Lynn Ossian

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Iowa's citizens during World War II became soldiers in their loyalty, energy, and commitment as they fought on one or more of the home fronts. These four home fronts (historic terms) were the farm, production, community, and kitchen fronts. The farm front as part of the Food for Freedom campaign produced corn, soybeans, eggs, pork, beef, milk, and hemp for the Armed Services and the Allies. Iowa's farmers faced labor and machinery shortages yet produced record amounts of crops and animals. This prosperity, however, cost Iowa some of its valuable topsoil and initiated a turn toward a factory ...


Relationships Among Student Attitudes, Motivation, Learning Styles, Learning Strategies, Patterns Of Learning And Achievement: A Formative Evaluation Of Distance Education Via Web-Based Courses , Ching-Chun Shih Jan 1998

Relationships Among Student Attitudes, Motivation, Learning Styles, Learning Strategies, Patterns Of Learning And Achievement: A Formative Evaluation Of Distance Education Via Web-Based Courses , Ching-Chun Shih

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The World Wide Web (WWW) is the latest in a long line of educational technologies, and the list of courses on it is growing daily. Formative evaluations would help educators enhance teaching and learning in Web-based courses. This study analyzed the relationships between student achievement and the following variables: attitudes, motivation, learning strategies, patterns of learning, learning styles, and selected demographics. It was a population study that included 99 students taking two non-major introductory biology courses offered over the WWW by Iowa State University in the fall of 1997. Seventy-four (75%) students completed a learning style test, an on-line questionnaire ...


Natural Language And Mixed Modality Task Presentations In The Human-Computer Interaction Using Programmable Logic Controllers , John Robert Wright Jr. Jan 1998

Natural Language And Mixed Modality Task Presentations In The Human-Computer Interaction Using Programmable Logic Controllers , John Robert Wright Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the human-computer interaction elements of task presentation and task structure in the programming of Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs). Task presentation methods that were explored included a natural language (GE Fanuc's State Logic), and a mixed modality language (GE Fanuc's Logicmaster Relay Ladder Logic). Task Structure elements utilized in this study were linear procedural tasks and conditional branching tasks;A two-level factorial analysis of covariance determined that task presentation was a significant contributor to programming development times. Task structure and the interaction between task presentation and task structure did not yield significant p-values at the ...


Constructs That Contribute To Student Satisfaction For Participating In Graduate Level Courses Delivered By Full Motion Interactive Fiber Optic Communications Network , Fatemeh Zarghami Jan 1998

Constructs That Contribute To Student Satisfaction For Participating In Graduate Level Courses Delivered By Full Motion Interactive Fiber Optic Communications Network , Fatemeh Zarghami

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to measure constructs that contribute to graduate student satisfaction with interactive televised courses that have been taught via Iowa Communications Network (ICN). In this study student satisfaction with the instructor's communication and teaching skills, accessibility of the instructor out of classroom, course management, course content, and quality of technology was measured by using the Student Satisfaction with ICN (SSICN) questionnaire. Students' needs and their suggestions to improve the quality of education through ICN were identified through five open-ended questions. The population for the study was 690 graduate students who took ICN courses between ...


The C-Test: Usefulness For Measuring Written Language Ability Of Non-Native Speakers Of English In High School, Jongsook Park Jan 1998

The C-Test: Usefulness For Measuring Written Language Ability Of Non-Native Speakers Of English In High School, Jongsook Park

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study is to evaluate whether the C-test is useful as a test measuring non-native speakers' ability of written language to help teachers and decision-makers select and place limited English proficient students for English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction in high schools in Iowa. The overall usefulness of the C-test is evaluated by examining individual qualities of test usefulness, or six qualities, in current testing theories: reliability, construct validity, authenticity, interactiveness, impact, and practicality. Chapter 1 of this study reports the background: a need for a test measuring non-native speakers' ability of written language to improve ...


Efficacy Of Institutional Interventions On The Attainment Profile Of African-Americans At A Regional Predominately White Institution: Questions Of Will, Effort, Competence And Responsibility , Robert Andre Broadus Jan 1998

Efficacy Of Institutional Interventions On The Attainment Profile Of African-Americans At A Regional Predominately White Institution: Questions Of Will, Effort, Competence And Responsibility , Robert Andre Broadus

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The nature of access to higher education at predominately white institutions for African-Americans has been focused largely on the preparation of the student. Little attention has been placed on the quality of the interaction of the student with standardized institutional practices and procedure. The purpose of this study is to examine the differences obtained by African-Americans, when the institution adjusts practices and procedures to be inclusive of the academic, social and environmental characteristics versus the creation of specialized interventions;African-American students attending a Midwestern regional comprehensive university between 1985-1990 are the bases of the study. Each entry class was introduced ...


Two Case Studies On Impact Evaluation Of Education Projects , Jooseop Kim Jan 1998

Two Case Studies On Impact Evaluation Of Education Projects , Jooseop Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Primary school enrollment rates in Pakistan are far lower than in countries facing similar economic circumstances. The problem is particularly severe for girls in poor families and rural areas;To address this problem, the Balochistan Education Foundation with technical support from World Bank launched the Urban Girls' Fellowship program in 1994, and the Community Support Program (CSP) in 1992. These programs were instituted in Balochistan Province, the poorest, the least populous, least educated province of Pakistan. The main object of the pilot programs was to increase the enrollment rate for girls;This study evaluates the two programs using experimental and ...


Functional Behavioral Assessment: An Evaluation Of Continuing Education Variables Related To Support Staff Use In School Settings , Susan Marie Ward Jan 1998

Functional Behavioral Assessment: An Evaluation Of Continuing Education Variables Related To Support Staff Use In School Settings , Susan Marie Ward

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is an increasing need to address behavioral issues in the public schools. School psychologists and other support staff frequently consult with teachers and parents when students exhibit a variety of academic or behavioral problems, yet children with severe emotional disturbance (SED) or behavior disorders (BD) are often considered to present some of the most difficult cases (Shapiro, 1991). School districts are facing growing expectations to include all students; however many support staff do not have the training or resources to implement interventions that are effective for students with histories of aggression, self injury and property destruction (O'Neill, William ...


Cultural Partners: An Exchange Of Language And Culture Between Adults , Colleen Marie Hovinga Jan 1998

Cultural Partners: An Exchange Of Language And Culture Between Adults , Colleen Marie Hovinga

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Parents' And Educators' Beliefs Regarding Their Influence On Preschool Children's Competencies , Bronwyn Sara Fees Jan 1998

Parents' And Educators' Beliefs Regarding Their Influence On Preschool Children's Competencies , Bronwyn Sara Fees

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Traditionally, parents have been considered the primary source of influence on development in children. However many preschoolers spend substantial portions of their day in child care surrounded by peers. This study surveyed mothers', fathers', (n = 112) and early childhood educators' (n = 30) beliefs regarding their influence relative to other developmental agents (genetics, peers, siblings, and the child's own effort) on six cognitively and socially oriented child competencies. The parents' child (M = 49 months) served as the target child. All children received 30+ hours a week of nonparental care. Mother, father, and child lived within the same household. Ile child ...


Prediction Of And Differences In Computer Use: Universal Adoption Of Notebook Computers At Three Undergraduate Institutions , Therese Anderson Corwin Jan 1998

Prediction Of And Differences In Computer Use: Universal Adoption Of Notebook Computers At Three Undergraduate Institutions , Therese Anderson Corwin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The universal availability of computers through the adoption of notebook computers for faculty by the University is an organizational answer to the adoption of computer technology by faculty. The researcher studied solutions to this problem through a survey of faculty at three undergraduate institutions that adopted notebook computers for their faculty and students;Participants completed a Computer Technology in Teaching (CTIT) questionnaire composed of the above measures as well as demographic and computer-related questions. Faculty received the questionnaire prior to the adoption of notebook computers on three undergraduate campuses. The faculty received the same questionnaire one year later. During the ...


Selection Factors Related To Satisfaction, Persistence, And Job Performance For Technical Writers At The Iowa State University Child Welfare Project , Mary Jean Loven Jan 1998

Selection Factors Related To Satisfaction, Persistence, And Job Performance For Technical Writers At The Iowa State University Child Welfare Project , Mary Jean Loven

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Bureau of Collections, Iowa Department of Human Services, is the designated agency to provide child support recovery services in the state of Iowa. This agency has received federal funding to expand and upgrade its computer system to support federal regulations for child support recovery programs. To enable the agency to meet federal standards, the Bureau (BOC) contracted with Iowa State University, through its Child Welfare Project, to secure technical writers who could play a major role in the development of policy and system enhancements. The position involved working as part of a team to develop and implement child support ...


An Analysis Of Public School Financial Allocation Policy Alternatives Supported By Selected Education Groups In Iowa , James Richard Scharff Jan 1998

An Analysis Of Public School Financial Allocation Policy Alternatives Supported By Selected Education Groups In Iowa , James Richard Scharff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this quantitative study was to provide information and assistance to Iowa policy-makers as the July 2001 sunset date approaches for expiration of the current public school funding Law; This study addressed the support for preserving and continuing the current funding policies, or pursuing changes in those policies. Board of education members, superintendents, teachers, and business managers were the subjects of the study (n = 289) as these individuals are charged with the efficient delivery of public education in Iowa;A seven member panel of experts in Iowa school finance developed the survey as an appropriate established instrument was ...