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Iowa State University

1989

Theses/Dissertations

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Articles 31 - 60 of 67

Full-Text Articles in Education

Selected Factors Influencing Teachers' Desire To Participate In Educational Decision Making And Their Willingness To Assume Responsibility For Decisions , Lois Ann Gross Jan 1989

Selected Factors Influencing Teachers' Desire To Participate In Educational Decision Making And Their Willingness To Assume Responsibility For Decisions , Lois Ann Gross

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to determine the selected factors which influence teacher involvement in decision making. As a related aspect of this study, an attempt was made to determine teacher willingness to assume responsibility for decisions in which they participated;The current study was undertaken as a follow-up to the original study conducted by Lynch (1971) and utilized the questionnaire developed by the original researcher with minor modifications;Three hundred questionnaires were distributed to teachers in Iowa during the 1987-1988 school year. The questionnaire intended to determine selected factors influencing decision making at four levels of participation (consultation, involvement, implementation ...


The Grieving Process And Delinquency: Testing The Therapeutic Process Of Grieving With Delinquent Male Adolescents , Rogers Kenneth Hake Jan 1989

The Grieving Process And Delinquency: Testing The Therapeutic Process Of Grieving With Delinquent Male Adolescents , Rogers Kenneth Hake

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of grief therapy with male juvenile delinquents;The literature reported that the etiology of delinquency may arise from unresolved grief precipitated early in life. Losses and exigencies of living compound the unresolved grief and the resultant delinquency. The literature also reports the need for grief therapy intervention;The treatment of grief therapy modeled after Elizabeth Kubler-Ross' stages of grieving was assessed by the Jesness Inventory and the Self-Appraisal and Observer Forms of the Jesness Behavior Checklist;Thirty-eight subjects of the Iowa Training School for Boys in Eldora, Iowa, were randomly ...


Relationship Of Match/Mismatch Of Student-Teacher Learning Styles, Stress, And Academic Achievement , William J. O'Neill Jan 1989

Relationship Of Match/Mismatch Of Student-Teacher Learning Styles, Stress, And Academic Achievement , William J. O'Neill

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This exploratory study investigated the relationship between student-teacher learning style match/mismatch and perceived stress and the effect on academic achievement. Subjects were 167 undergraduate college students enrolled in one of two courses (psychology and mathematics) at Iowa State University;Data-gathering consisted of the administration of the Kolb Learning Style Inventory (LSI) to determine the learning style of each student and the learning/teaching styles of the respective instructors. Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-Y) was administered to the subjects during the class period week prior to a major examination in each course. The scores on the State portion were ...


An Investigation Of The Professional Integration Needs Of Filipino Advanced Degree Graduates In Agriculture From Us Land-Grant Universities , Barbara Elizabeth Burton-Feldott Jan 1989

An Investigation Of The Professional Integration Needs Of Filipino Advanced Degree Graduates In Agriculture From Us Land-Grant Universities , Barbara Elizabeth Burton-Feldott

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the professional integration needs of a group of returned Filipino agricultural advanced degree graduates from U.S. Land-Grant universities who had been at home in the Philippines for at least one year. Particular attention was directed toward studying gender differences during the process of professional integration, as well as differences based on other demographic variables including degree attained, length of time spent in the U.S., place of current employment, etc. Professional integration, as used in the study, refers to the process of changing from a graduate student in the U.S. to a practicing professional at ...


Role Management Strategies Of Bed And Breakfast Operators In New York State , Margaret Dansbury Howe Jan 1989

Role Management Strategies Of Bed And Breakfast Operators In New York State , Margaret Dansbury Howe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purposes of this study were to describe families operating bed and breakfast operations in New York State, explore family coping behaviors used by bed and breakfast operators, and examine factors affecting life satisfaction. Results were analyzed from responses of 174 bed and breakfast operators to a questionnaire that elicited data on coping behaviors, demographics, time management, and life satisfaction. Mean scores of coping behaviors indicated that bed and breakfast operators appear to employ most frequently coping behaviors in the maintaining perspective/reducing tension coping pattern. These behaviors reflect a strong positive belief system for the lifestyle. The results ...


The Discourse Of Crisis And The Struggle For Cultural Authority: The Politics Of Humanities Education In The Last Twentieth Century , Nancy L. Warehime Jan 1989

The Discourse Of Crisis And The Struggle For Cultural Authority: The Politics Of Humanities Education In The Last Twentieth Century , Nancy L. Warehime

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The intent of this study is to place the widely-debated humanities crisis of the 1980s in cultural context, to unravel the discourse of crisis in order to examine what it signifies. What does it mean that the academic humanities have deteriorated in stature and purpose, particularly since the mid-part of this century? What are the roots and implications of the many diverse interpretations of this crisis? What authority do the humanities command in relation to today's social and political world? Is there, as critics of both the political Left and Right have charged, an important link between the demise ...


Distance Education In The Teacher Education Program Of Zimbabwe , Susan Marie Zvacek Jan 1989

Distance Education In The Teacher Education Program Of Zimbabwe , Susan Marie Zvacek

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research project was conducted using qualitative and quantitative methods to describe the distance education component of the Zimbabwean teacher education program. There were three objectives of the project. The first was to design and implement a workshop for faculty of Zimbabwean teachers' colleges. The second was to produce, from that workshop, a written proceedings detailing the critical issues in Zimbabwean distance education. The third objective was to create a comprehensive description of the distance education component of the Zimbabwean teacher education program. A model, the Triad Perspective Model of Distance Education (TPMDE), was created from the three theoretical bases ...


Keeping That Honest Voice: Teaching Writing To Adolescents Through The Adolescent Novel, Janet R. Laville Jan 1989

Keeping That Honest Voice: Teaching Writing To Adolescents Through The Adolescent Novel, Janet R. Laville

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Junior high teachers often brainwash early adolescents with our answers. This brainwashing sometimes continues on through high school. Those who learn our truths, read our books, write on our topics, pass our tests, learn our grammar, and, if they choose to, pass on to college, make up the voiceless writers of colleges and universities across the country.


Caging The Muse: Freewriting's Place In The Teaching Of Composition, An Historical Overview, Randy Dean Smith Jan 1989

Caging The Muse: Freewriting's Place In The Teaching Of Composition, An Historical Overview, Randy Dean Smith

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

How much one can trust the public media to accurately and exhaustively report on the nature and depth of educational problems is questionable. Certainly the media have hyped the problem so that the public perceives a crisis, and a number of popular and even scholarly authors have ridden the crisis bandwagon. But the extent of the problem has never been definitively documented, and both the public and educators have had to respond to their own perceptions in their own limited context. Such has been the case with teachers and researchers in the English language arts, specifically reading and writing. Graduates ...


Questioning As A Teacher Intervention Tool To Stimulate Student Revision, Judith Kay Ramsey Jan 1989

Questioning As A Teacher Intervention Tool To Stimulate Student Revision, Judith Kay Ramsey

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Revision is neglected in many freshman composition classes even though it is now recognized as one of the recursive elements of the writing process. Early composition research acknowledged revision as a part of the writing process, and some researchers considered it a cure for nearly all the ills of student writing, seeming to believe that revision would surely lead to better written products, and the more revision the better the product. Later research, however, has revealed a complex web of issues surrounding the element of revision.

Based on that body of composition research, this paper will establish a need for ...


The Implementation And Evaluation Of An Electronic Communication Network For Student Teachers, Nancy Nancy Anne Burkland Jan 1989

The Implementation And Evaluation Of An Electronic Communication Network For Student Teachers, Nancy Nancy Anne Burkland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/20291031


Factors Affecting Rural Males' Adoption Of Dietary Behaviors To Reduce Heart Disease, Kristine Kay Ankeny Jan 1989

Factors Affecting Rural Males' Adoption Of Dietary Behaviors To Reduce Heart Disease, Kristine Kay Ankeny

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/20860472


A National Study To Determine The Role Of Bioscioences/Biotechnology In Agricultural Education As Perceived By Vocational Agriculture Instructors, Bhakthavatsalam Rajasekaran Jan 1989

A National Study To Determine The Role Of Bioscioences/Biotechnology In Agricultural Education As Perceived By Vocational Agriculture Instructors, Bhakthavatsalam Rajasekaran

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Perceptions Of Importance Of Critical Thinking In Vocational Agriculture Students In The United States , Connie Marie Ware Jan 1989

Perceptions Of Importance Of Critical Thinking In Vocational Agriculture Students In The United States , Connie Marie Ware

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the perceived importance of teaching critical thinking in vocational agriculture students in the United States. The specific objectives identified for investigation were to: (1) determine the importance of emphasizing critical thinking skills in vocational agriculture students; (2) identify teaching methods that encourage students to think analytically, objectively, and critically; (3) identify techniques used in evaluating students in vocational agriculture programs; and (4) determine the relationship between descriptive information about the respondents and the emphasis being placed on critical skills development in vocational agriculture students;A questionnaire was mailed to 750 vocational agriculture ...


To Investigate The Effectiveness Of Computer Simulation Versus Laboratory Experience, And The Sequencing Of Instruction, In Teaching Logic Circuits , Anuradha Ashok Gokhale Jan 1989

To Investigate The Effectiveness Of Computer Simulation Versus Laboratory Experience, And The Sequencing Of Instruction, In Teaching Logic Circuits , Anuradha Ashok Gokhale

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study investigated the effectiveness of computer-based simulation versus laboratory experience, and the sequencing of instruction, in teaching logic circuits. The two independent variables in this study were: (1) method of instruction, a nominal variable with two categories (computer-based simulation and laboratory experience); and (2) sequencing of instruction, a nominal variable with two categories (reading following lab or simulation experience and reading prior to lab or simulation experience). The dependent variable was the posttest score;A 2 x 2 factorial design was used in this study. The data were analyzed using the analysis of variance procedure. It was found that ...


School District Consolidation In A Club Goods Framework , James J. Knudsen Jan 1989

School District Consolidation In A Club Goods Framework , James J. Knudsen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The provision of school district services has been incorporated into the theoretical framework of a club good model. Within this model it is possible to show the potential for benefit or harm from consolidation;When considering school district consolidation it is important to consider the interaction of quality, expenditures, and preferences to analyze the potential for success. The club good model provides this framework;The model produces an ambiguity, however, and it is resolved by first estimating school quality with a multiple input, multiple cause model and then using ordinary least squares to estimate average expenditure curves for different quality ...


Overcoming Student Preconceptions About Simple Series Circuits: Promoting Conceptual Change With Text Manipulations And A Microcomputer Simulation , David Don Carlsen Jan 1989

Overcoming Student Preconceptions About Simple Series Circuits: Promoting Conceptual Change With Text Manipulations And A Microcomputer Simulation , David Don Carlsen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Preconceptions in science learning have been a subject of increasing study over the past ten years. In the area of electric circuits, students have shown incorrect preconceptions with respect to current, voltage, resistance and short circuits. Research indicates that many students resist changes in their preconceptions. In recent years, text designed to promote conceptual change has been effective in overcoming some preconceptions. Computer simulations also have been shown to be effective in overcoming incorrect preconceptions;The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of text designed to promote conceptual change used in conjunction with an electric circuit simulation ...


The Examination Of Position Selection, Job Provisions, Working Environment Satisfaction On Teaching Performance And Commitment , Marilyn Kay Kimbrell Jan 1989

The Examination Of Position Selection, Job Provisions, Working Environment Satisfaction On Teaching Performance And Commitment , Marilyn Kay Kimbrell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to develop and test a hypothetical model that examined factors that influence teacher performance and commitment of Iowa State University (ISU) teacher education graduates. Position selection, job provisions, working environment satisfaction, teaching performance, teaching efficacy, and commitment provided the framework for the development of the model. The measurement point was five years following graduation;The model was tested using survey data collected from the five-year follow-up study of ISU teacher education graduates. Those who graduated in 1982-83 and 1983-84 and were teaching at the time of the survey (N = 245) provided the data;Results ...


The Impact Of A State Pilot Teacher Evaluation System On Teacher Performance, Attitudes, And Behaviors , Connie Hathorn Jan 1989

The Impact Of A State Pilot Teacher Evaluation System On Teacher Performance, Attitudes, And Behaviors , Connie Hathorn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted by utilizing the Delaware Performance Appraisal System Survey (Teachers) to examine teachers' perceptions related to the effects of a pilot statewide appraisal system on teacher performance, attitudes, and behaviors;The data were gathered from teachers that participated in the pilot appraisal system in Delaware during the 1986-87 and 1987-88 school year. Four districts piloted the appraisal system: (1) Delmar, (2) Smyrna, (3) Christina, and (4) Seaford. The instrument surveyed a total of 505 teachers, including 289 elementary teachers and 216 secondary teachers;Teachers' responses on the instrument were used to assess their perceptions as to the ...


A Hypermedia Lesson About 1875-1885 Costume: Cognitive Style, Perceptual Modes, Anxiety, Attitude, And Achievement , Diane Kay Frey Jan 1989

A Hypermedia Lesson About 1875-1885 Costume: Cognitive Style, Perceptual Modes, Anxiety, Attitude, And Achievement , Diane Kay Frey

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Cognitive theory focuses attention on mental processes involved in learning. Cognitive theory is based on the view that the human mind interprets information and the individual is central to the learning process. There are individual differences in the ways that information is initially received into the brain. One of the problems associated with the teaching-learning process is determining how learners acquire, store, and recall information;The purpose of this study was to profile students' cognitive styles and to determine relationships among variables that may be associated with how students progress through a computer and videodisc lesson. The lesson is about ...


A Descriptive Study Of Nursing Articulation Practices Of Baccalaureate Nursing Programs In The United States , Ellen Van Aacken Strachota Jan 1989

A Descriptive Study Of Nursing Articulation Practices Of Baccalaureate Nursing Programs In The United States , Ellen Van Aacken Strachota

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this investigation were: (1) to explore the extent to which colleges and universities have adopted articulation procedures for admitting associate degree or diploma nursing graduates into their baccalaureate programs; (2) to determine which methods are being used to validate previous learning for support courses and nursing courses; (3) to identify factors influencing the development of or changes in articulation policies; and (4) to investigate the attitudes of nursing leaders of baccalaureate programs toward future articulation practices;A Nursing Articulation Present and Future Questionnaire was sent to Chief Academic Officers (C.A.O.) of N.L.N. accredited ...


Differential Effects Of High And Low Cognitive Load Instructional Methods On Recall And Transfer Of Procedural Knowledge , Brenda Mary Sugrue Jan 1989

Differential Effects Of High And Low Cognitive Load Instructional Methods On Recall And Transfer Of Procedural Knowledge , Brenda Mary Sugrue

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the relative effectiveness of two instructional methods on the recall and transfer of procedural knowledge. The moderating influence of fluid aptitude was examined. An attempt was made to identify the type of cognitive processing induced by the instructional methods. The instructional methods differed in the completeness of support provided for the cognitive processing of procedural knowledge. The high-load method presented complete information about the steps in a procedure, follow by opportunity to practice the correct steps. The low-load method initially presented incomplete information about the steps and forced the learner to actively construct the correct steps by ...


Analysis Of The Multicultural Perceptions Of Vocational Education Administrators In Iowa , Cynthia Daphne Reed-Stewart Jan 1989

Analysis Of The Multicultural Perceptions Of Vocational Education Administrators In Iowa , Cynthia Daphne Reed-Stewart

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study examined the multicultural perception of community college administrators in Iowa. Seventy-eight administrators from all fifteen community colleges participated in the study. The instrument utilized in the study was the Multi-Factor Perceptions Attitudes Inventory (MAI) developed by Dr. Ron Wilson of the University of Missouri-Columbia. The researcher revised the MAI to ascertain information relative to race only. The MAI in its entirety gathers data related to issued of race and sex. Analysis of the results included an array of statistical tests (i.e., ANOVA, chi-squares, and t-test). The MAI is composed of three factors. Each descriptive of a ...


Iowa Supreme Court Decisions Relating To The Implementation Of Iowa Law In Public School Settings From 1971 To 1988 , Elaine Linda Rasmussen Jan 1989

Iowa Supreme Court Decisions Relating To The Implementation Of Iowa Law In Public School Settings From 1971 To 1988 , Elaine Linda Rasmussen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to review Iowa Supreme Court and reported Iowa Court of Appeals decisions regarding various aspects of the operation of public schools in Iowa from 1971 through the end of 1988, in an attempt to assist school authorities in their interpretation and understanding of Iowa school Law; Decisions were studied in eight major categories of school operation: school districts, boards of education, buildings and grounds, personnel, students, school district reorganization, elections, and collective bargaining;The problem addressed was that of determination of legislative intent through court interpretations of statutes and administrative rules that govern the ...


An Investigation Of The Potential Of Guided Logo Programming Instruction For Use In The Development And Transfer Of Analogical Reasoning , Nealy Frank Grandgenett Jan 1989

An Investigation Of The Potential Of Guided Logo Programming Instruction For Use In The Development And Transfer Of Analogical Reasoning , Nealy Frank Grandgenett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the potential of two major effects of incorporating systematic analogical reasoning training within guided Logo programming instruction. The first goal was to investigate the far transfer effects of such instruction on general analogical reasoning development, as measured by a test associated with general analogical reasoning. The second goal was to investigate the near transfer effects of such instruction on a related computer programming skill--the reuse of subprocedures between programming problems;To provide general analogical reasoning training within a guided programming environment, this study incorporated Swan and Black's suggested pedagogical components for the effective transfer of cognitive ...


Economic Competencies Needed And Possessed By Farmers In Hyuderabad District, Sind, Pakistan , Muhammad Yameen Memon Jan 1989

Economic Competencies Needed And Possessed By Farmers In Hyuderabad District, Sind, Pakistan , Muhammad Yameen Memon

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to identify the economic competencies needed and possessed by farmers in Hyderabad District, Sind, Pakistan;The target population for this study consisted of 97 randomly selected farmers and 26 agriculture officers in Hyderabad District, Sind, Pakistan. Thirty-seven competency statements constituted the economic competence portion of the questionnaire. Sections on demographic variables and sources of information used by farmers were also included. A 1-5 point response scale was used to assess the degree of competence needed and the degree of competence possessed by the farmers included in the study. The data were collected through ...


Use Of And Satisfaction With Two Types Of Advising Systems Among Engineering Students At Iowa State University , William Francis Jaffe Jan 1989

Use Of And Satisfaction With Two Types Of Advising Systems Among Engineering Students At Iowa State University , William Francis Jaffe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As enrollments decline in institutions of higher education quality academic advising may help reduce student attrition. A quality advising program is one which students use and one with which they express satisfaction. In this study, the academic advising program in a college of engineering was studied, by means of a questionnaire, to describe the role of the advisor in terms of predominant patterns of student use. Another purpose was to determine which type of advising system, faculty-based or professional advisor-based, resulted in greater student use and satisfaction for specific advising needs: assistance with preregistration, class add/drop, curriculum planning, career ...


Job Satisfaction And Perceived Inservice Needs Of Iowa Cooperative Extension Personnel , Kevin C. Kesler Jan 1989

Job Satisfaction And Perceived Inservice Needs Of Iowa Cooperative Extension Personnel , Kevin C. Kesler

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the level of job satisfaction and perceived professional needs of Cooperative Extension Personnel in Iowa. The specific objectives of the study were to: (1) determine the level of job satisfaction; (2) determine and compare differences in levels of job satisfaction for periods ending in 1976, 1980, and 1988; (3) compare the level of job satisfaction according to selected demographic factors; and (4) determine training satisfaction and inservice needs;A questionnaire was mailed to all Iowa Cooperative Extension Service personnel and they responded to selected job satisfaction indicators. Cronbach's alpha was calculated ...


Validation Of A Self-Instructional Foodservice Inventory Control System Module , Il-Sun Yang Kim Jan 1989

Validation Of A Self-Instructional Foodservice Inventory Control System Module , Il-Sun Yang Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to: (a) develop an inventory control system achievement test for students in a foodservice management information systems course, (b) develop a self-instructional module on inventory control systems, and (c) evaluate the module using a nonequivalent control group experimental design. The experimental treatments were lecture and self-instruction; both treatments were developed based on content analyses of leading textbooks. The identified content areas were receiving, storing, issuing, inventory control, inventory valuation and inventory control computer systems. An achievement test, an attitude inventory, and a demographic questionnaire also were designed to assess the effects of the experimental treatments;A ...


An Investigation Of The Des Moines School-Business Partnerships Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model , Jerry Allen Redman Jan 1989

An Investigation Of The Des Moines School-Business Partnerships Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model , Jerry Allen Redman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the status of the Des Moines (Iowa) Independent Community School District school-business partnerships. The nature of partnership creation, maintenance, and evaluation was explored in 65 adopt-a-school partnerships using the Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM). Data were collected and summarized using two instruments: the School-Business Partnership Questionnaire (SBPQ) and the Innovation Configuration checklist (ICC). The SBPQ was designed and developed by the researcher in conjunction with a panel of practicing partnership directors. Development of the ICC was influenced by previous CBAM research conducted by Hall and Hord (1987)*;Findings from this study indicate that ...