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Articles 1 - 27 of 27

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effects Of Pet Presence And Counselor Blindness On The Efficacy Of A Counseling Session , Joellen Mcadams Jan 1988

The Effects Of Pet Presence And Counselor Blindness On The Efficacy Of A Counseling Session , Joellen Mcadams

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of pet presence and counselor blindness on the efficacy of a counseling session;Counselor effectiveness was assessed by using three Counselor Rating Scales, the Confidence for Counseling Outcomes Expectancy Scale, the Continuation of Counseling Scale, and the Counselor Traits Scale;An Animal Affinity Instrument was developed to assess subjects' relationship to animals. The Attitudes Toward Disabled Persons Scales was utilized to assess attitudes toward disabled persons. Two sets of videotaped vignettes of the same counseling session were developed. The first set of videotaped vignettes was comprised of two treatment groups ...


Selecting Criteria For The Evaluation Of School Counselors Based On Item Discrimination Power , Perry L. Uhl Jan 1988

Selecting Criteria For The Evaluation Of School Counselors Based On Item Discrimination Power , Perry L. Uhl

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted for the purpose of identifying discriminating, reliable, and valid criteria for evaluating counselor perfermance which could be used by local schools in constructing a new or refining an existing evaluation instrument. Data were collected by having 1,004 principals/supervisors, teachers, and counselors complete a 74-item questionnaire to determine which criteria had the ability to separate high counselor performance from that of average and poor performance;Fifty-eight counselors from seven school districts located in Kansas, Texas, Indiana, and Virginia volunteered to participate in this research effort. Each of the 45 secondary and 13 elementary counselors were ...


A Study Of Teachers' Opinions Of Alternative Compensation Plans , Donna Kay Wilkin Jan 1988

A Study Of Teachers' Opinions Of Alternative Compensation Plans , Donna Kay Wilkin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There were three primary purposes of the study. The first was to determine teachers' opinions of alternative compensation plans including: (a) reward components, (b) evaluation components, and (c) overall type of plan. The six types of plans studied were: "Merit Pay with Salary Schedule", "Merit Pay Without Salary Schedule", "Monetary Incentives", "Nonmonetary Incentives", "Career Ladders", and "Supplemental Pay". The second purpose was to determine whether teachers with certain characteristics differ in their ratings of alternative compensation plans from teachers with other characteristics. The third purpose was to determine whether teachers' ratings of alternative compensation plans change after the development of ...


The Effects Of Performance Appraisal Training On The Skills And Confidence Levels Of Teacher Evaluators And Trainers Of Teacher Evaluators , Leonard Anthony Mcintyre Jan 1988

The Effects Of Performance Appraisal Training On The Skills And Confidence Levels Of Teacher Evaluators And Trainers Of Teacher Evaluators , Leonard Anthony Mcintyre

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined whether training would increase the level of confidence of school administrators in selected teacher evaluation components;A cross section of Iowa's administrators and supervisory personnel, both in terms of level of experience and geographical location, were represented. The sixty-four participants included 12 superintendents, 13 secondary principals, 18 elementary principals, 18 supervisory personnel and 3 college professors representing 11 females and 53 males;A pretest/posttest design was used. The data were collected using the Teacher Performance Rating Scale and the Supervisory Attitude Survey. Statistical treatment of the data was completed using the Statistical Package for the ...


Assessment Of Happiness Among Young Adults: A Construct Validation Study , Cynthia L. Taylor Jan 1988

Assessment Of Happiness Among Young Adults: A Construct Validation Study , Cynthia L. Taylor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument which would be capable of identifying sources of perceived happiness potentially related to a university population. This process involved hypothesizing a priori sources of happiness, developing an instrument, then collecting and analyzing data among several American and International groups at Iowa State University. The Actual and Ideal Happiness Scale (AIHS) was developed as the result of this process;A total of 831 subjects participated in this study; 301 subjects were used in the development of the pilot study instrument (Current Happiness Scale) and 530 subjects were used in the development ...


The Effect Of Using A Computer Assisted Career Guidance System On Career Development Attitudes, Knowledge, And Behaviors In Students , Brian Archie Seeger Jan 1988

The Effect Of Using A Computer Assisted Career Guidance System On Career Development Attitudes, Knowledge, And Behaviors In Students , Brian Archie Seeger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Computer assisted career guidance systems were designed to combine the power of computers with career development theory to assist students in self assessment, career exploration, occupational and educational planning and decision making. Two systems used at educational institutions are DISCOVER (American College Testing Program), and System of Interactive Guidance and Information, abbreviated SIGI-PLUS (Educational Testing Service). There has been limited research examining what effect these systems have on career development in students. This study examined what effect using SIGI-PLUS had on career related attitudes, knowledge, and activity. The study also examined effects of gender, type of directions, and gender/treatment ...


Two Perspectives On Gifted Students: Time One Of A Longitudinal Study Of Academically Gifted Iowa Students, And Program Evaluation Of Cy-Tag, A Summer Residential Program For Highly Gifted Seventh And Eighth Grade Students , Linda Delbridge-Parker Jan 1988

Two Perspectives On Gifted Students: Time One Of A Longitudinal Study Of Academically Gifted Iowa Students, And Program Evaluation Of Cy-Tag, A Summer Residential Program For Highly Gifted Seventh And Eighth Grade Students , Linda Delbridge-Parker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research consisted of two studies. First, benchmark data were collected and summarized for Time One of a time-series/longitudinal study of highly gifted Iowa students. Subjects were 417 seventh and eighth graders who were named Duke Talent Identification Program finalists;Most students were living with their natural parents who were characterized by high levels of education and employment in professional and technical occupations. Most respondents anticipated career choices in the professional and technical categories. Nearly all subjects reported plans to attend college, with public universities being named most often. Students were evenly divided on preferences for in- or out-of-state ...


Linguistic Content Analysis Of The Holt, Rinehart And Winston Series Of High School Biology Textbooks: A Longitudinal Study Focusing On The Use Of Inquiry , Elizabeth Miles Eltinge Jan 1988

Linguistic Content Analysis Of The Holt, Rinehart And Winston Series Of High School Biology Textbooks: A Longitudinal Study Focusing On The Use Of Inquiry , Elizabeth Miles Eltinge

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A content analysis was performed on one series of high school biology textbooks spanning a thirty-year time period from 1956 to 1985. Science textbooks were selected for the study because, in general, the textbook is the major curriculum guide in a science classroom. The subject of biology was selected because it is the science course most frequently taken by high school students, and for many students, it is their only high school science course;The textbook series selected for this longitudinal study was Modern Biology, published by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. The Holt series was selected because it has been ...


The Relationship Of Psychological Type To The Accomplishment Of Student Development Tasks , William Scott Anchors Jan 1988

The Relationship Of Psychological Type To The Accomplishment Of Student Development Tasks , William Scott Anchors

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to study psychological type and its relationship to the accomplishment of developmental task. The overall goal was to enhance the understanding of differences among individuals in light of theories of student development. Psychological type was operationalized and measured by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), and developmental tasks were measured by the Student Developmental Task Inventory (SDTI-2);The sample consisted of 220 males and 252 females from incoming freshmen at the University of Maine in 1983 and 1984. Students were approximately 18 years of age and resided on campus while enrolled in the College of ...


A Conceptual Framework For The Design And Delivery Of A University-Level Credit Course By Communications Satellite , Michael James Albright Jan 1988

A Conceptual Framework For The Design And Delivery Of A University-Level Credit Course By Communications Satellite , Michael James Albright

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The past few years have seen increased interest in the use of communications satellites for delivering instruction at the postsecondary level. This study was conducted to (1) compile a set of guidelines for the use of course developers in designing, delivering, and evaluating a satellite course; (2) identify those colleges and universities in the United States with experience in using satellites for credit course delivery; and (3) determine the degree to which the actual practices of these institutions conformed with the guidelines;A literature review in the fields of instructional telecommunications, distance education, and adult education was conducted, and twenty-three ...


Iowa's Young Leaders: Characteristics, Organizational Environments, And Career Orientations , Rita Ann Jensen Jan 1988

Iowa's Young Leaders: Characteristics, Organizational Environments, And Career Orientations , Rita Ann Jensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The current study examined the characteristics, developmental patterns, organizational environments, and career orientations of successful individuals recognized for their leadership potential. Data were collected by means of a mailed survey. Respondents included 69 males and 38 females whose average age at the time of the study was 37.7 years;Research results suggest that the subjects tended to attribute their success to hard work, common sense, ambition, and desire to excel, and the ability to get things done. Such personal characteristics and attitudes were rated more important than intelligence, specific abilities, family environment, working hard at school, and getting good ...


The Development And Testing Of An Optical Scanner-Based System Of Classroom Data Analysis , Thomas G. Wicks Iii Jan 1988

The Development And Testing Of An Optical Scanner-Based System Of Classroom Data Analysis , Thomas G. Wicks Iii

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop a data gathering technique which has all the advantages of verbatim data capture coupled with the ease of data input, storage, and analysis by a microcomputer coupled with an optical, mark-scanning machine. The problem for this study was to develop and test a comprehensive list of teacher behavior descriptors to be used as a resource in interpreting holistic data capture during a classroom observation and to develop a means for encoding all necessary data describing salient teachers' and students' classroom behaviors in a format suitable for optical scanner input to a microcomputer ...


Rating Teacher Performance To Determine Career Ladder Advancement: An Analysis Of Bias And Reliability , David W. Peterson Jan 1988

Rating Teacher Performance To Determine Career Ladder Advancement: An Analysis Of Bias And Reliability , David W. Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purposes of this investigation were to analyze the effect of rater bias and to determine the degree of reliability of teacher evaluation ratings from a school district using a career ladder advancement system for teachers. This analysis attempted to establish the degree to which the evaluations reflected true differences in teaching performance rather than biases held by the rater or the inability of raters to produce consistent results over time;Approximately 34,000 completed copies of the formative appraisal instrument used by a large urban school district during the 1985-86 school year were obtained for analysis. Samples were ...


Demographic Characteristics And Moral Development Of Freshmen College Students Affiliated With Greek Fraternities , Cheryl E. Sanders Jan 1988

Demographic Characteristics And Moral Development Of Freshmen College Students Affiliated With Greek Fraternities , Cheryl E. Sanders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

College students are subject to a number of influences other than their classroom learning. According to Longino and Kart (1973), the impact that higher education has on its clientele is largely mediated through its subgroups. The role of college residences in the development of the higher education population has been discussed by many authors (Baird, 1969; Chickering, 1972; LonQino & Kart, 1973). Chickering (1972) suggests that residential environments provide an opportunity for student development and the formulation of personal values. One of the specific dimensions of student development is that of moral development. Rest (1979) defines this term as a concern ...


Teacher Absenteeism: Characteristics And Implications In Selected Iowa School Districts , Anthony V. Spencer Jan 1988

Teacher Absenteeism: Characteristics And Implications In Selected Iowa School Districts , Anthony V. Spencer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The consequences of employee absences can have a significant effect on an organization's expected outcomes. The problem of this study is to determine what effect, if any, teacher absences have on school district costs (dollar and time) as well as the effect of teacher absences on student learning;The overall goal was to provide insight into the characteristics that might help schools predict when and how often absences might occur, and to provide recommendations that will help school districts manage or reduce absences;In an attempt to provide answers to these questions, this investigation sought information in the following ...


The Relationships Of Teacher Perceptions And Administrator Time On Instructional Leadership With School Learning Climate , Karyn Meacham Dzyacky Jan 1988

The Relationships Of Teacher Perceptions And Administrator Time On Instructional Leadership With School Learning Climate , Karyn Meacham Dzyacky

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation was to analyze the relationship of administrator time on instructional leadership, teacher perceptions about instructional leadership, and school effects which measured school learning climate. This analysis attempted to establish a causal pattern among the variables which would explain the way these variables combine to influence school effects. A review of literature suggested a conceptual framework representing the relationships between the variables. The Dynamics of Instructional Leadership Model was hypothesized a priori to the data analysis which tested cause-and-effect patterns within the total model;Forty-one school buildings were the units of analysis for this study ...


An Examination Of Iowa's Elementary School Principals' Strategies For Managing Reading Programs , Peter C. Nwaogu Jan 1988

An Examination Of Iowa's Elementary School Principals' Strategies For Managing Reading Programs , Peter C. Nwaogu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purposes of this study were (a) to examine selected reading management practices used by Iowa elementary principals, (b) to determine the impediments to managing reading programs as perceived by Iowa's elementary principals, and (c) to examine the relationships between selected practices and factors such as principal experience and role and size of school and district, as well as how these factors influence Iowa elementary principals' perceptions of perceived impediments;This research used data collected from a survey instrument developed and administered by Dr. Charles Railsback of Iowa State University. The questions pertaining to instructional managment of the ...


Attitudes Of High School Students In Small Rural Schools Toward Interactive Satellite Instruction, Janet Kaye Johnson Jan 1988

Attitudes Of High School Students In Small Rural Schools Toward Interactive Satellite Instruction, Janet Kaye Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of The Career Paths Of Isu Teacher Education Graduates Utilizing A Cross-Validating Discriminant Analysis Technique , Arunee Kumlung Jan 1988

An Analysis Of The Career Paths Of Isu Teacher Education Graduates Utilizing A Cross-Validating Discriminant Analysis Technique , Arunee Kumlung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to cross-validate the prediction portion of the Career Path Model developed by Sweeney (1987). The Career Path Model was used to predict the One Year Career Path and Five Year Career Path groups of ISU teacher education graduates;The sample of 1981/1982 academic year graduates (N = 154) was treated as the cross-validation sample, while the sample from Sweeney's study, 1980/1981 academic year graduates (N = 246) served as the development sample;The results of the cross-validating discriminant analysis procedure indicated that in One Year Career Path groups, the set of discriminators from ...


Adapting Community College Student Services To Meet The Needs Of Non-Traditional Women Students , Edna Cascioli Smith Jan 1988

Adapting Community College Student Services To Meet The Needs Of Non-Traditional Women Students , Edna Cascioli Smith

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine whether non-traditional female students (25 years or older) differ significantly from traditional age students in demographic profile, awareness, and usage of services and in perception of the learning environment;The study also sought to measure any significant differences between the two colleges used for the study and their respective main and satellite campuses when compared on the same variables;A questionnaire was administered to 500 female students whose classes and programs had been randomly drawn Spring 1987. Participation was voluntary;Two hundred fifty usable surveys were returned resulting in a response rate ...


A Factor Analysis Approach To Job Characteristics Items Of Iowa State Teacher Education Students And Graduates Using Selected Variables , Micheal Anthony Boatwright Jan 1988

A Factor Analysis Approach To Job Characteristics Items Of Iowa State Teacher Education Students And Graduates Using Selected Variables , Micheal Anthony Boatwright

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this investigation was to examine the clustering of eighteen items of job characteristics of students and graduates of the teacher preparation program at Iowa State University. The study was based on longitudinal research data collected by the Research Institute for Studies in Education at Iowa State University of students enrolled in a beginning teacher course (Education 204) and graduates of the teacher education program at various stages in their careers (graduation from the teacher preparation program, one year following graduation and five years following graduation). The variables selected for this study included gender, teaching status, teaching ...


Anticipatory Set Bias: Effects On Teacher Observation In Evaluation , Diana Marie Bourisaw Jan 1988

Anticipatory Set Bias: Effects On Teacher Observation In Evaluation , Diana Marie Bourisaw

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purposes of this investigation were to (1) examine teacher evaluation ratings from five groups participating in teacher evaluation training in an effort to assess the level of anticipatory set bias, and (2) to assess the effect of teacher evaluation training and teacher evaluation experience on anticipatory set bias. This analysis attempted to establish the degree to which an effective or ineffective set influences evaluator ratings of teacher overall performance and teaching strategies independent of anticipatory set;One hundred six educators involved in teacher evaluation training in Erie, Pennsylvania; Fort Wayne, Indiana; Independence, Kansas; and Ames, Iowa provided data ...


Predictors Of Supervisors' Referrals Of Employees To An Employee Assistance Program , Janet Lovell Nord Jan 1988

Predictors Of Supervisors' Referrals Of Employees To An Employee Assistance Program , Janet Lovell Nord

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine what variables are associated with supervisors' referrals or nonreferrals of subordinates to an EAP. Variables selected for the study included variables found in prior research to be associated with referral or nonreferral and additional variables suggested by the human performance model of Gilbert (1978). Supervisors at the Iowa Department of Transportation (IDOT) were surveyed through in-house mail to measure their responses on variables found to be associated with referral or nonreferral. Supervisors were identified as referrers or nonreferrers based on the EAPs records. Discriminant analysis was used to determine which of the ...


Parent Influence On Academic Achievement: An Idiographic Study , William Benjamin Matthew Jan 1988

Parent Influence On Academic Achievement: An Idiographic Study , William Benjamin Matthew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The research literature suggests that frequent parental knowledge of their child's academic achievement is a necessary, but perhaps not a sufficient, condition for an improvement in achievement. Parents who are provided with frequent feedback about their child's academic achievement, along with a systematic method to manage their child's achievement, may be able to improve achievement in the absence of any systematic in-school intervention.


The Relationship Between Perceived Supportive/Defensive Communication Behaviors Of Adult Education Instructors And The Decision To Drop Out Or Persist By Adult Learners , Denise Ann Vrchota Jan 1988

The Relationship Between Perceived Supportive/Defensive Communication Behaviors Of Adult Education Instructors And The Decision To Drop Out Or Persist By Adult Learners , Denise Ann Vrchota

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of adult educators' supportive and defensive communication behaviors on the dropout and persistence decisions of adult learners. Eighty-five adult learners at a community college completed the Personality and Educational Environmental Survey (PEES), the Communication Climate Questionnaire (CCQ), and a demographic questionnaire;The PEES identified which subjects would persist in or drop their classes. The CCQ measured subjects' perceptions of adult educators' supportive and defensive communication behaviors. The demographic questionnaire provided general information about subjects and their participation history in adult education and also identified motivations for participating in the current ...


The Effectiveness Of Summer Orientation Programs On Retention And Subsequent Academic Performance Of Minority Students: A Look At Sep, Marion Rosetta Sanford Jan 1988

The Effectiveness Of Summer Orientation Programs On Retention And Subsequent Academic Performance Of Minority Students: A Look At Sep, Marion Rosetta Sanford

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Development Of A Needs Assessment Instrument For Summer Orientation Students Through The Use Of A Modified Delphi Technique, Mary Celine Moore Jan 1988

The Development Of A Needs Assessment Instrument For Summer Orientation Students Through The Use Of A Modified Delphi Technique, Mary Celine Moore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.