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Iowa State University

1988

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effects Of Pet Presence And Counselor Blindness On The Efficacy Of A Counseling Session , Joellen Mcadams Jan 1988

The Effects Of Pet Presence And Counselor Blindness On The Efficacy Of A Counseling Session , Joellen Mcadams

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of pet presence and counselor blindness on the efficacy of a counseling session;Counselor effectiveness was assessed by using three Counselor Rating Scales, the Confidence for Counseling Outcomes Expectancy Scale, the Continuation of Counseling Scale, and the Counselor Traits Scale;An Animal Affinity Instrument was developed to assess subjects' relationship to animals. The Attitudes Toward Disabled Persons Scales was utilized to assess attitudes toward disabled persons. Two sets of videotaped vignettes of the same counseling session were developed. The first set of videotaped vignettes was comprised of two treatment groups ...


A Study Of Teachers' Opinions Of Alternative Compensation Plans , Donna Kay Wilkin Jan 1988

A Study Of Teachers' Opinions Of Alternative Compensation Plans , Donna Kay Wilkin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There were three primary purposes of the study. The first was to determine teachers' opinions of alternative compensation plans including: (a) reward components, (b) evaluation components, and (c) overall type of plan. The six types of plans studied were: "Merit Pay with Salary Schedule", "Merit Pay Without Salary Schedule", "Monetary Incentives", "Nonmonetary Incentives", "Career Ladders", and "Supplemental Pay". The second purpose was to determine whether teachers with certain characteristics differ in their ratings of alternative compensation plans from teachers with other characteristics. The third purpose was to determine whether teachers' ratings of alternative compensation plans change after the development of ...


Assessment Of Happiness Among Young Adults: A Construct Validation Study , Cynthia L. Taylor Jan 1988

Assessment Of Happiness Among Young Adults: A Construct Validation Study , Cynthia L. Taylor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument which would be capable of identifying sources of perceived happiness potentially related to a university population. This process involved hypothesizing a priori sources of happiness, developing an instrument, then collecting and analyzing data among several American and International groups at Iowa State University. The Actual and Ideal Happiness Scale (AIHS) was developed as the result of this process;A total of 831 subjects participated in this study; 301 subjects were used in the development of the pilot study instrument (Current Happiness Scale) and 530 subjects were used in the development ...


The Effect Of Using A Computer Assisted Career Guidance System On Career Development Attitudes, Knowledge, And Behaviors In Students , Brian Archie Seeger Jan 1988

The Effect Of Using A Computer Assisted Career Guidance System On Career Development Attitudes, Knowledge, And Behaviors In Students , Brian Archie Seeger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Computer assisted career guidance systems were designed to combine the power of computers with career development theory to assist students in self assessment, career exploration, occupational and educational planning and decision making. Two systems used at educational institutions are DISCOVER (American College Testing Program), and System of Interactive Guidance and Information, abbreviated SIGI-PLUS (Educational Testing Service). There has been limited research examining what effect these systems have on career development in students. This study examined what effect using SIGI-PLUS had on career related attitudes, knowledge, and activity. The study also examined effects of gender, type of directions, and gender/treatment ...


Time Management Strategy, Job Satisfaction, Research Productivity, And Life Satisfaction Of University Faculty , Yonsuk Lee Chung Jan 1988

Time Management Strategy, Job Satisfaction, Research Productivity, And Life Satisfaction Of University Faculty , Yonsuk Lee Chung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purposes of this study were to examine the factors affecting time management strategies used by faculty and to investigate the relationships between use of time management strategies and job satisfaction, research productivity, and life satisfaction. A stratified random sample of 275 faculty at Iowa State University were mailed questionnaires assessing time management behaviors, life and job satisfaction, demographic and family information, and work performance. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, factor analyses, Pearson product moment correlation analyses, canonical correlation analyses, and stepwise multiple regression analyses;Results of the study indicated that the time management strategies used by faculty members ...


Two Perspectives On Gifted Students: Time One Of A Longitudinal Study Of Academically Gifted Iowa Students, And Program Evaluation Of Cy-Tag, A Summer Residential Program For Highly Gifted Seventh And Eighth Grade Students , Linda Delbridge-Parker Jan 1988

Two Perspectives On Gifted Students: Time One Of A Longitudinal Study Of Academically Gifted Iowa Students, And Program Evaluation Of Cy-Tag, A Summer Residential Program For Highly Gifted Seventh And Eighth Grade Students , Linda Delbridge-Parker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research consisted of two studies. First, benchmark data were collected and summarized for Time One of a time-series/longitudinal study of highly gifted Iowa students. Subjects were 417 seventh and eighth graders who were named Duke Talent Identification Program finalists;Most students were living with their natural parents who were characterized by high levels of education and employment in professional and technical occupations. Most respondents anticipated career choices in the professional and technical categories. Nearly all subjects reported plans to attend college, with public universities being named most often. Students were evenly divided on preferences for in- or out-of-state ...


Level Of Critical Thinking Of Iowa Secondary Agriculture Students , Timothy John Rollins Jan 1988

Level Of Critical Thinking Of Iowa Secondary Agriculture Students , Timothy John Rollins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The central purpose of this study was to determine the ability of Iowa agriculture students to use critical thinking skills. The design for this investigation utilized descriptive research methodology;Cluster sampling was utilized to identify the sample for the study. A total of 668 agriculture students from 18 Iowa secondary schools served as the sample;An information sheet was developed to collect both demographic information as well as individual preferences on learning activities. The Cornell Critical Thinking Test was administered to respondents to assess their levels of critical thinking. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator[superscript] TM was also administered to determine ...


A Computer-Aided Instructional Tool For The Teaching Of Real-Time On-Line Statistical Process Control, Renford Adolphus Benito Brevett Jan 1988

A Computer-Aided Instructional Tool For The Teaching Of Real-Time On-Line Statistical Process Control, Renford Adolphus Benito Brevett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Of Psychological Type To The Accomplishment Of Student Development Tasks , William Scott Anchors Jan 1988

The Relationship Of Psychological Type To The Accomplishment Of Student Development Tasks , William Scott Anchors

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to study psychological type and its relationship to the accomplishment of developmental task. The overall goal was to enhance the understanding of differences among individuals in light of theories of student development. Psychological type was operationalized and measured by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), and developmental tasks were measured by the Student Developmental Task Inventory (SDTI-2);The sample consisted of 220 males and 252 females from incoming freshmen at the University of Maine in 1983 and 1984. Students were approximately 18 years of age and resided on campus while enrolled in the College of ...


A Conceptual Framework For The Design And Delivery Of A University-Level Credit Course By Communications Satellite , Michael James Albright Jan 1988

A Conceptual Framework For The Design And Delivery Of A University-Level Credit Course By Communications Satellite , Michael James Albright

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The past few years have seen increased interest in the use of communications satellites for delivering instruction at the postsecondary level. This study was conducted to (1) compile a set of guidelines for the use of course developers in designing, delivering, and evaluating a satellite course; (2) identify those colleges and universities in the United States with experience in using satellites for credit course delivery; and (3) determine the degree to which the actual practices of these institutions conformed with the guidelines;A literature review in the fields of instructional telecommunications, distance education, and adult education was conducted, and twenty-three ...


Rating Teacher Performance To Determine Career Ladder Advancement: An Analysis Of Bias And Reliability , David W. Peterson Jan 1988

Rating Teacher Performance To Determine Career Ladder Advancement: An Analysis Of Bias And Reliability , David W. Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purposes of this investigation were to analyze the effect of rater bias and to determine the degree of reliability of teacher evaluation ratings from a school district using a career ladder advancement system for teachers. This analysis attempted to establish the degree to which the evaluations reflected true differences in teaching performance rather than biases held by the rater or the inability of raters to produce consistent results over time;Approximately 34,000 completed copies of the formative appraisal instrument used by a large urban school district during the 1985-86 school year were obtained for analysis. Samples were ...


Relationships Among Comprehension Strategies Reported By Proficient And Nonproficient Esl Students, Ruth A. Vogelaar Jan 1988

Relationships Among Comprehension Strategies Reported By Proficient And Nonproficient Esl Students, Ruth A. Vogelaar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Readers seem to employ a number of different strategies in comprehending a text. What strategies do successful readers use? Are the strategies related in any way? Grant Cioffi (1986), who attempted to answer these questions for native English speaker readers, found that proficient readers seem to use clusters of comprehension strategies when reading unfamiliar texts. The use of one strategy seems to be complementary with the use or less frequent use of one or more strategies. However, he did not compare these strategies with those of the nonproficient reader.

This study is modeled after Cioffi's study. The purpose of ...


Testing Academic Listening Skills, Mei Kao Hsueh Jan 1988

Testing Academic Listening Skills, Mei Kao Hsueh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Since the early 1980's, the present English-As-a-Second- Language Placement Test (ESLPT), a post-admissions test, has been used to determine whether an incoming international student (either graduate or undergraduate) needs more work in English to meet ISU standards (these students begin academic work whether or not. they pass the ESLPT). Students whose native language is not English are required to take the ESLPT except for those who taken it as an undergraduate. Hence, most of them take the test a few days before their first semester at the university.


Demographic Characteristics And Moral Development Of Freshmen College Students Affiliated With Greek Fraternities , Cheryl E. Sanders Jan 1988

Demographic Characteristics And Moral Development Of Freshmen College Students Affiliated With Greek Fraternities , Cheryl E. Sanders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

College students are subject to a number of influences other than their classroom learning. According to Longino and Kart (1973), the impact that higher education has on its clientele is largely mediated through its subgroups. The role of college residences in the development of the higher education population has been discussed by many authors (Baird, 1969; Chickering, 1972; LonQino & Kart, 1973). Chickering (1972) suggests that residential environments provide an opportunity for student development and the formulation of personal values. One of the specific dimensions of student development is that of moral development. Rest (1979) defines this term as a concern ...


Perceptions Of Agriculture In Nigeria By Students Of The Division Of Agricultural Colleges, Ahmadu Bello University , Egri Philip Ejembi Jan 1988

Perceptions Of Agriculture In Nigeria By Students Of The Division Of Agricultural Colleges, Ahmadu Bello University , Egri Philip Ejembi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to determine perceptions of agriculture in Nigeria by students of the Division of Agricultural Colleges, Ahmadu Bello University. The study determined characteristics of the students, their motivational factors in studying technical agriculture, perceptions of agriculture and agricultural workers, and implications of findings to technical agricultural education planning in Nigeria;The study population consisted of 1434 sutdents at the four colleges of agriculture administered by the Division of Agricultural Colleges. Both proportional and simple random sampling were used to select participants for the study. A total of 234 students participated in the study;A five-part ...


A Factor Analysis Approach To Job Characteristics Items Of Iowa State Teacher Education Students And Graduates Using Selected Variables , Micheal Anthony Boatwright Jan 1988

A Factor Analysis Approach To Job Characteristics Items Of Iowa State Teacher Education Students And Graduates Using Selected Variables , Micheal Anthony Boatwright

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this investigation was to examine the clustering of eighteen items of job characteristics of students and graduates of the teacher preparation program at Iowa State University. The study was based on longitudinal research data collected by the Research Institute for Studies in Education at Iowa State University of students enrolled in a beginning teacher course (Education 204) and graduates of the teacher education program at various stages in their careers (graduation from the teacher preparation program, one year following graduation and five years following graduation). The variables selected for this study included gender, teaching status, teaching ...


The Effectiveness Of Summer Orientation Programs On Retention And Subsequent Academic Performance Of Minority Students: A Look At Sep, Marion Rosetta Sanford Jan 1988

The Effectiveness Of Summer Orientation Programs On Retention And Subsequent Academic Performance Of Minority Students: A Look At Sep, Marion Rosetta Sanford

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Nigerian Students' Perceptions Regarding Transferability Of Selected Aspects Of U.S.A. Technology Education Programs To Nigeria, Monday Tommy Joshua Jan 1988

Nigerian Students' Perceptions Regarding Transferability Of Selected Aspects Of U.S.A. Technology Education Programs To Nigeria, Monday Tommy Joshua

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Extrusion Pretreatment To Enhance Soybean Oil Extraction, Yongsoo Yongsoo Jan 1988

Extrusion Pretreatment To Enhance Soybean Oil Extraction, Yongsoo Yongsoo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19081269


Stress And Coping Resources: A Study Of College Student Families , Barbara Jo Chaney Jan 1988

Stress And Coping Resources: A Study Of College Student Families , Barbara Jo Chaney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The differences between male and female college student families on stress and coping resources were investigated in a sample of 133 male and 195 female college students and their spouses. The relationships among perceived stress, student stress, locus of control, marital satisfaction, social support, satisfaction with leisure time and housing satisfaction were also investigated. A questionnaire was developed by the researcher to measure student stress, social support, satisfaction with leisure time and housing satisfaction; standardized instruments were utilized to measure perceived stress, locus of control and marital satisfaction. Correlational analyses were used to explore the relationships among the variables. A ...


Parent Influence On Academic Achievement: An Idiographic Study , William Benjamin Matthew Jan 1988

Parent Influence On Academic Achievement: An Idiographic Study , William Benjamin Matthew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The research literature suggests that frequent parental knowledge of their child's academic achievement is a necessary, but perhaps not a sufficient, condition for an improvement in achievement. Parents who are provided with frequent feedback about their child's academic achievement, along with a systematic method to manage their child's achievement, may be able to improve achievement in the absence of any systematic in-school intervention.


Predictors Of Supervisors' Referrals Of Employees To An Employee Assistance Program , Janet Lovell Nord Jan 1988

Predictors Of Supervisors' Referrals Of Employees To An Employee Assistance Program , Janet Lovell Nord

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine what variables are associated with supervisors' referrals or nonreferrals of subordinates to an EAP. Variables selected for the study included variables found in prior research to be associated with referral or nonreferral and additional variables suggested by the human performance model of Gilbert (1978). Supervisors at the Iowa Department of Transportation (IDOT) were surveyed through in-house mail to measure their responses on variables found to be associated with referral or nonreferral. Supervisors were identified as referrers or nonreferrers based on the EAPs records. Discriminant analysis was used to determine which of the ...


Iowa's Young Leaders: Characteristics, Organizational Environments, And Career Orientations , Rita Ann Jensen Jan 1988

Iowa's Young Leaders: Characteristics, Organizational Environments, And Career Orientations , Rita Ann Jensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The current study examined the characteristics, developmental patterns, organizational environments, and career orientations of successful individuals recognized for their leadership potential. Data were collected by means of a mailed survey. Respondents included 69 males and 38 females whose average age at the time of the study was 37.7 years;Research results suggest that the subjects tended to attribute their success to hard work, common sense, ambition, and desire to excel, and the ability to get things done. Such personal characteristics and attitudes were rated more important than intelligence, specific abilities, family environment, working hard at school, and getting good ...


Afro-Art: A Learning Packet , Ruth Eleanor Osborn Jan 1988

Afro-Art: A Learning Packet , Ruth Eleanor Osborn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Study Of The Effects Of Using A Spreadsheet Versus A Preprogrammed Statistical Package On The Learning Of Statistics, Stanley Kay Scheiding Jan 1988

A Study Of The Effects Of Using A Spreadsheet Versus A Preprogrammed Statistical Package On The Learning Of Statistics, Stanley Kay Scheiding

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Total Quality Control In Selected Iowa Manufacturing Industries, Jeffrey Jeffrey Jan 1988

Total Quality Control In Selected Iowa Manufacturing Industries, Jeffrey Jeffrey

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19081288


Development And Testing Of A Computer Simulation For Use In Apparel Design, Angela Lynn O'Riley Jan 1988

Development And Testing Of A Computer Simulation For Use In Apparel Design, Angela Lynn O'Riley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Learning Style And Teaching Strategies On Knowledge Of Medical Procedures, Penny Sue Milburn Jan 1988

Effects Of Learning Style And Teaching Strategies On Knowledge Of Medical Procedures, Penny Sue Milburn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Attitudes Of High School Students In Small Rural Schools Toward Interactive Satellite Instruction, Janet Kaye Johnson Jan 1988

Attitudes Of High School Students In Small Rural Schools Toward Interactive Satellite Instruction, Janet Kaye Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Of Field Dependence/Independence To Reading For The Main Idea In Adult Learners Of English As A Second Language, Danik Inger Wold Jan 1988

The Relationship Of Field Dependence/Independence To Reading For The Main Idea In Adult Learners Of English As A Second Language, Danik Inger Wold

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.