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Articles 1 - 17 of 17

Full-Text Articles in Education

Selecting Criteria For The Evaluation Of School Counselors Based On Item Discrimination Power , Perry L. Uhl Jan 1988

Selecting Criteria For The Evaluation Of School Counselors Based On Item Discrimination Power , Perry L. Uhl

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted for the purpose of identifying discriminating, reliable, and valid criteria for evaluating counselor perfermance which could be used by local schools in constructing a new or refining an existing evaluation instrument. Data were collected by having 1,004 principals/supervisors, teachers, and counselors complete a 74-item questionnaire to determine which criteria had the ability to separate high counselor performance from that of average and poor performance;Fifty-eight counselors from seven school districts located in Kansas, Texas, Indiana, and Virginia volunteered to participate in this research effort. Each of the 45 secondary and 13 elementary counselors were ...


A Study Of Teachers' Opinions Of Alternative Compensation Plans , Donna Kay Wilkin Jan 1988

A Study Of Teachers' Opinions Of Alternative Compensation Plans , Donna Kay Wilkin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There were three primary purposes of the study. The first was to determine teachers' opinions of alternative compensation plans including: (a) reward components, (b) evaluation components, and (c) overall type of plan. The six types of plans studied were: "Merit Pay with Salary Schedule", "Merit Pay Without Salary Schedule", "Monetary Incentives", "Nonmonetary Incentives", "Career Ladders", and "Supplemental Pay". The second purpose was to determine whether teachers with certain characteristics differ in their ratings of alternative compensation plans from teachers with other characteristics. The third purpose was to determine whether teachers' ratings of alternative compensation plans change after the development of ...


The Relationship Between Perceived Supportive/Defensive Communication Behaviors Of Adult Education Instructors And The Decision To Drop Out Or Persist By Adult Learners , Denise Ann Vrchota Jan 1988

The Relationship Between Perceived Supportive/Defensive Communication Behaviors Of Adult Education Instructors And The Decision To Drop Out Or Persist By Adult Learners , Denise Ann Vrchota

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of adult educators' supportive and defensive communication behaviors on the dropout and persistence decisions of adult learners. Eighty-five adult learners at a community college completed the Personality and Educational Environmental Survey (PEES), the Communication Climate Questionnaire (CCQ), and a demographic questionnaire;The PEES identified which subjects would persist in or drop their classes. The CCQ measured subjects' perceptions of adult educators' supportive and defensive communication behaviors. The demographic questionnaire provided general information about subjects and their participation history in adult education and also identified motivations for participating in the current ...


Rating Teacher Performance To Determine Career Ladder Advancement: An Analysis Of Bias And Reliability , David W. Peterson Jan 1988

Rating Teacher Performance To Determine Career Ladder Advancement: An Analysis Of Bias And Reliability , David W. Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purposes of this investigation were to analyze the effect of rater bias and to determine the degree of reliability of teacher evaluation ratings from a school district using a career ladder advancement system for teachers. This analysis attempted to establish the degree to which the evaluations reflected true differences in teaching performance rather than biases held by the rater or the inability of raters to produce consistent results over time;Approximately 34,000 completed copies of the formative appraisal instrument used by a large urban school district during the 1985-86 school year were obtained for analysis. Samples were ...


The Relationships Of Teacher Perceptions And Administrator Time On Instructional Leadership With School Learning Climate , Karyn Meacham Dzyacky Jan 1988

The Relationships Of Teacher Perceptions And Administrator Time On Instructional Leadership With School Learning Climate , Karyn Meacham Dzyacky

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation was to analyze the relationship of administrator time on instructional leadership, teacher perceptions about instructional leadership, and school effects which measured school learning climate. This analysis attempted to establish a causal pattern among the variables which would explain the way these variables combine to influence school effects. A review of literature suggested a conceptual framework representing the relationships between the variables. The Dynamics of Instructional Leadership Model was hypothesized a priori to the data analysis which tested cause-and-effect patterns within the total model;Forty-one school buildings were the units of analysis for this study ...


A Comparative Study Of Stress Related Factors In The Work Environment Of The Student Personnel Administrator , Bruce D. Lavant Jan 1988

A Comparative Study Of Stress Related Factors In The Work Environment Of The Student Personnel Administrator , Bruce D. Lavant

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was to study the work environment, job position, and life events or situations that administrators consider to be stressful and could possibly have implications or might hinder their job performance; and to discover what approaches or techniques these administrators use to cope with stress;The sample consisted of 400 student personnel administrators from institutions of higher learning in the midwestern region of the United States. The subjects were randomly selected from current rosters of the National Association of Student Personnel Administrators and the Mid-America Association of Educational Opportunity Program Personnel. Each administrator was asked to ...


The Effects Of Performance Appraisal Training On The Skills And Confidence Levels Of Teacher Evaluators And Trainers Of Teacher Evaluators , Leonard Anthony Mcintyre Jan 1988

The Effects Of Performance Appraisal Training On The Skills And Confidence Levels Of Teacher Evaluators And Trainers Of Teacher Evaluators , Leonard Anthony Mcintyre

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined whether training would increase the level of confidence of school administrators in selected teacher evaluation components;A cross section of Iowa's administrators and supervisory personnel, both in terms of level of experience and geographical location, were represented. The sixty-four participants included 12 superintendents, 13 secondary principals, 18 elementary principals, 18 supervisory personnel and 3 college professors representing 11 females and 53 males;A pretest/posttest design was used. The data were collected using the Teacher Performance Rating Scale and the Supervisory Attitude Survey. Statistical treatment of the data was completed using the Statistical Package for the ...


Adapting Community College Student Services To Meet The Needs Of Non-Traditional Women Students , Edna Cascioli Smith Jan 1988

Adapting Community College Student Services To Meet The Needs Of Non-Traditional Women Students , Edna Cascioli Smith

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine whether non-traditional female students (25 years or older) differ significantly from traditional age students in demographic profile, awareness, and usage of services and in perception of the learning environment;The study also sought to measure any significant differences between the two colleges used for the study and their respective main and satellite campuses when compared on the same variables;A questionnaire was administered to 500 female students whose classes and programs had been randomly drawn Spring 1987. Participation was voluntary;Two hundred fifty usable surveys were returned resulting in a response rate ...


Teacher Absenteeism: Characteristics And Implications In Selected Iowa School Districts , Anthony V. Spencer Jan 1988

Teacher Absenteeism: Characteristics And Implications In Selected Iowa School Districts , Anthony V. Spencer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The consequences of employee absences can have a significant effect on an organization's expected outcomes. The problem of this study is to determine what effect, if any, teacher absences have on school district costs (dollar and time) as well as the effect of teacher absences on student learning;The overall goal was to provide insight into the characteristics that might help schools predict when and how often absences might occur, and to provide recommendations that will help school districts manage or reduce absences;In an attempt to provide answers to these questions, this investigation sought information in the following ...


The Effect Of Using A Computer Assisted Career Guidance System On Career Development Attitudes, Knowledge, And Behaviors In Students , Brian Archie Seeger Jan 1988

The Effect Of Using A Computer Assisted Career Guidance System On Career Development Attitudes, Knowledge, And Behaviors In Students , Brian Archie Seeger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Computer assisted career guidance systems were designed to combine the power of computers with career development theory to assist students in self assessment, career exploration, occupational and educational planning and decision making. Two systems used at educational institutions are DISCOVER (American College Testing Program), and System of Interactive Guidance and Information, abbreviated SIGI-PLUS (Educational Testing Service). There has been limited research examining what effect these systems have on career development in students. This study examined what effect using SIGI-PLUS had on career related attitudes, knowledge, and activity. The study also examined effects of gender, type of directions, and gender/treatment ...


The Development And Testing Of An Optical Scanner-Based System Of Classroom Data Analysis , Thomas G. Wicks Iii Jan 1988

The Development And Testing Of An Optical Scanner-Based System Of Classroom Data Analysis , Thomas G. Wicks Iii

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop a data gathering technique which has all the advantages of verbatim data capture coupled with the ease of data input, storage, and analysis by a microcomputer coupled with an optical, mark-scanning machine. The problem for this study was to develop and test a comprehensive list of teacher behavior descriptors to be used as a resource in interpreting holistic data capture during a classroom observation and to develop a means for encoding all necessary data describing salient teachers' and students' classroom behaviors in a format suitable for optical scanner input to a microcomputer ...


Anticipatory Set Bias: Effects On Teacher Observation In Evaluation , Diana Marie Bourisaw Jan 1988

Anticipatory Set Bias: Effects On Teacher Observation In Evaluation , Diana Marie Bourisaw

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purposes of this investigation were to (1) examine teacher evaluation ratings from five groups participating in teacher evaluation training in an effort to assess the level of anticipatory set bias, and (2) to assess the effect of teacher evaluation training and teacher evaluation experience on anticipatory set bias. This analysis attempted to establish the degree to which an effective or ineffective set influences evaluator ratings of teacher overall performance and teaching strategies independent of anticipatory set;One hundred six educators involved in teacher evaluation training in Erie, Pennsylvania; Fort Wayne, Indiana; Independence, Kansas; and Ames, Iowa provided data ...


Time Management Strategy, Job Satisfaction, Research Productivity, And Life Satisfaction Of University Faculty , Yonsuk Lee Chung Jan 1988

Time Management Strategy, Job Satisfaction, Research Productivity, And Life Satisfaction Of University Faculty , Yonsuk Lee Chung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purposes of this study were to examine the factors affecting time management strategies used by faculty and to investigate the relationships between use of time management strategies and job satisfaction, research productivity, and life satisfaction. A stratified random sample of 275 faculty at Iowa State University were mailed questionnaires assessing time management behaviors, life and job satisfaction, demographic and family information, and work performance. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, factor analyses, Pearson product moment correlation analyses, canonical correlation analyses, and stepwise multiple regression analyses;Results of the study indicated that the time management strategies used by faculty members ...


An Examination Of Iowa's Elementary School Principals' Strategies For Managing Reading Programs , Peter C. Nwaogu Jan 1988

An Examination Of Iowa's Elementary School Principals' Strategies For Managing Reading Programs , Peter C. Nwaogu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purposes of this study were (a) to examine selected reading management practices used by Iowa elementary principals, (b) to determine the impediments to managing reading programs as perceived by Iowa's elementary principals, and (c) to examine the relationships between selected practices and factors such as principal experience and role and size of school and district, as well as how these factors influence Iowa elementary principals' perceptions of perceived impediments;This research used data collected from a survey instrument developed and administered by Dr. Charles Railsback of Iowa State University. The questions pertaining to instructional managment of the ...


The Relationship Of Psychological Type To The Accomplishment Of Student Development Tasks , William Scott Anchors Jan 1988

The Relationship Of Psychological Type To The Accomplishment Of Student Development Tasks , William Scott Anchors

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to study psychological type and its relationship to the accomplishment of developmental task. The overall goal was to enhance the understanding of differences among individuals in light of theories of student development. Psychological type was operationalized and measured by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), and developmental tasks were measured by the Student Developmental Task Inventory (SDTI-2);The sample consisted of 220 males and 252 females from incoming freshmen at the University of Maine in 1983 and 1984. Students were approximately 18 years of age and resided on campus while enrolled in the College of ...


Iowa's Young Leaders: Characteristics, Organizational Environments, And Career Orientations , Rita Ann Jensen Jan 1988

Iowa's Young Leaders: Characteristics, Organizational Environments, And Career Orientations , Rita Ann Jensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The current study examined the characteristics, developmental patterns, organizational environments, and career orientations of successful individuals recognized for their leadership potential. Data were collected by means of a mailed survey. Respondents included 69 males and 38 females whose average age at the time of the study was 37.7 years;Research results suggest that the subjects tended to attribute their success to hard work, common sense, ambition, and desire to excel, and the ability to get things done. Such personal characteristics and attitudes were rated more important than intelligence, specific abilities, family environment, working hard at school, and getting good ...


Demographic Characteristics And Moral Development Of Freshmen College Students Affiliated With Greek Fraternities , Cheryl E. Sanders Jan 1988

Demographic Characteristics And Moral Development Of Freshmen College Students Affiliated With Greek Fraternities , Cheryl E. Sanders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

College students are subject to a number of influences other than their classroom learning. According to Longino and Kart (1973), the impact that higher education has on its clientele is largely mediated through its subgroups. The role of college residences in the development of the higher education population has been discussed by many authors (Baird, 1969; Chickering, 1972; LonQino & Kart, 1973). Chickering (1972) suggests that residential environments provide an opportunity for student development and the formulation of personal values. One of the specific dimensions of student development is that of moral development. Rest (1979) defines this term as a concern ...