Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Iowa State University

Theses/Dissertations

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
File Type

Articles 61 - 90 of 2772

Full-Text Articles in Education

Fathers In Home Visiting: An Examination Of Father Participation In Iowa Miechv, Neil Alan Rowe Jan 2018

Fathers In Home Visiting: An Examination Of Father Participation In Iowa Miechv, Neil Alan Rowe

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, father participation in early childhood home visits was examined using observational data from 50 Maternal Infant Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) home visits where a father figure was present for a visit with a mother receiving services and a target child two years old or younger. The sample included 34 different home visitors. Videos were coded using the HVOF-R and HOVRS A+ observational tools. Fathers were more present and available during home visits than previous research indicates (Holmberg & Olds, 2015; McBride & Peterson, 1997; Raikes, Summers & Roggman, 2005). A father-figure was present in 25.1% of the initial home visit videos with ...


The Problem With Homesickness: A New Way Of Coming Home, Carolyn Jean Duven Jan 2018

The Problem With Homesickness: A New Way Of Coming Home, Carolyn Jean Duven

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation responds to two aspects of the homesickness literature: its characterization as a mental health concern, and its lack of empirical attention in the United States. The purpose of this study was to develop a theoretical understanding of homesickness oriented to an affirming and sociocultural lens, and to do so in the context of current higher education settings in the U.S. Using grounded theory and arts-based inquiry methodologies, homesickness was explored from multiple perspectives by using participant data. The results challenge previous deficit-oriented theoretical frameworks of homesickness, noting it instead as a natural developmental process the participants underwent ...


Iowa High School Agriculture Teachers' Motivations To Teach, Personal And Professional Needs, And Career Satisfaction In The Teaching Profession, Normala Ismail Jan 2018

Iowa High School Agriculture Teachers' Motivations To Teach, Personal And Professional Needs, And Career Satisfaction In The Teaching Profession, Normala Ismail

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence high school agriculture teachers’ motivations to teach, personal and professional needs that influence high school agriculture teachers’ intentions to continue teaching, and career satisfaction of high school agriculture teachers. This was a descriptive census survey study of all high school agriculture teachers in Iowa. The study addressed three objectives: 1) Describe the factors that motivate high school agriculture teachers to teach; 2) Describe the personal and professional needs that influence high school agriculture teachers’ intentions to continue teaching; and 3) Evaluate the career satisfaction of high school ...


Student Demographic, Academic, And Financial Characteristics And The Likelihood Of On-Time Credential Completion At A Rural Community College In Iowa, Rachel Lynn Mcguire Jan 2018

Student Demographic, Academic, And Financial Characteristics And The Likelihood Of On-Time Credential Completion At A Rural Community College In Iowa, Rachel Lynn Mcguire

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This institution-specific credential completion study examined student demographic, academic, and financial characteristics and their relationship to on-time credential completion. Working with institutional data from a rural-serving medium size, public community college in Iowa, a cohort of first-time-in-college students were analyzed for the traditional measurement of on-time completion based on the type of program the student enrolled in their first term. The data was analyzed with descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The variables found to be significant were underrepresented students, first-generation students, dual enrolled students, math placement level, housing arrangement, EFC category as a measurement of socioeconomic status, and financial aid ...


A Qualitative Study Of Rural Community College White Faculty (Mis)Understanding Of Diversity, Ladrina Nicole Wilson Jan 2018

A Qualitative Study Of Rural Community College White Faculty (Mis)Understanding Of Diversity, Ladrina Nicole Wilson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the perceptions of white faculty teaching in rural community college in hopes of identifying how these faculty understand or appreciate the importance of diversity in their institution’s commitment and in their classroom. Case study methodology was used to examine the perceptions of six white faculty in one rural institution in the Midwest. Using White Racial Consciousness Model and Bronfenbrenner’s Ecology of Human Development Model as the theoretical underpinning, four themes emerging through the participants’ narratives gathered from the data collection and analysis: (1) Feeling Othered; (2) Operationalizing Diversity; (e) Historical and Hypothetical Privilege; and (4 ...


Community College Policies Affecting Undocumented Students, Emily Sara Logan Jan 2018

Community College Policies Affecting Undocumented Students, Emily Sara Logan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined community college policies and practices related to undocumented students in Iowa. Critical race theory’s tenet of interest convergence and the qualitative methods of phenomenological interviewing and document review were utilized to answer the following research questions: (a) What is the legislative and political policy discourse about undocumented students in Iowa? (b) What are the institutional policies and practices regarding undocumented community college students in Iowa? (c) How do institutional policies and practices differ among community colleges in Iowa? Findings indicate that community colleges attempt to respond to changing demographics and workforce needs, but practices regarding undocumented ...


Measuring The Testing Mode In General Chemistry: The Effect Of Computer Versus Paper Mode On Test Performance, Cognitive Load, And Scratch Paper, Anna Agripina Prisacari Jan 2017

Measuring The Testing Mode In General Chemistry: The Effect Of Computer Versus Paper Mode On Test Performance, Cognitive Load, And Scratch Paper, Anna Agripina Prisacari

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to study the effect of testing mode (giving a test on computer versus paper) in authentic classroom environments. Specifically, this work sought to broaden the pedagogical implications of testing mode by examining variations between computer and paper mode in student test performance, cognitive load, and use of scratch paper. Data were collected from students who were enrolled in undergraduate general chemistry courses. Students took multiple proctored general chemistry tests that included a variety of chemistry topics and three question types: algorithmic, conceptual, and definition. After each test students were provided with correct-answer feedback. The ...


A Game-Based Design Studio: An Exploration Of An Interior Design Studio Environment For Implementing Game-Based Learning, Zina Alaswad Jan 2017

A Game-Based Design Studio: An Exploration Of An Interior Design Studio Environment For Implementing Game-Based Learning, Zina Alaswad

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The design studio is an active, participatory, and experimental learning environment. Since the 19th century, the studio has been a place for learning through doing with a community of peers seeking knowledge, skills, and a space for unleashing creativity. The advancement in teaching and learning has shown to address a variety of instructional issues in a variety of fields using digital technology and innovative pedagogies. The design studio, despite its many affordances, has been criticized over the past decade for multiple reasons. This three-article dissertation focuses on using the game-based learning (GBL) pedagogy to address three instructional issues in interior ...


Vowel Variations Among Speakers Of Malaysian English, Sock Wun Phng Jan 2017

Vowel Variations Among Speakers Of Malaysian English, Sock Wun Phng

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The language policies in Malaysia, having been controlled by the ethnic Malays ever since Independence Day in 1957, have hence dictated which language influences each major ethnic group is exposed to. With the official language as well as the language of instruction in public schools being Malay, ethnic Malays who speak it as a first language (L1) are typically monolingual speakers of Malay. The ethnic Chinese and Indians who usually speak Mandarin or Tamil as an L1 respectively are typically bilingual or trilingual. These different language influences might play a role in how speakers of each ethnic group produce Malaysian ...


Student Motivation And Academic Success: Examining The Influences, Differences, And Economics Of Mechatronic Experiences In Fundamental Undergraduate Courses, John R. Haughery Jan 2017

Student Motivation And Academic Success: Examining The Influences, Differences, And Economics Of Mechatronic Experiences In Fundamental Undergraduate Courses, John R. Haughery

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this study, we examined influences, differences, meanings, and economics of mechatronic experiences in a first-year, fundamental technology course. Our first objective examined the primary and secondary influences of mechatronic experiences on student engagement. Using a systematic review methodology, we collected n=402 articles. Screened by title and abstract, we mapped six parent and 22 child codes to the remaining n=137 articles. From these, we appraised n=17 studies, assessing eight as high quality. Our synthesis included these n=8 articles, from which we identified five primary influences (Student Motivation, Self-Efficacy, Course Rigor, Learning Retention, and Gender) and two ...


Community College Leadership In The Midwest: Pathways, Preparation, And Competencies, Robinette Kelley Jan 2017

Community College Leadership In The Midwest: Pathways, Preparation, And Competencies, Robinette Kelley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study is to examine current Midwestern community college leaders’ demographics, educational backgrounds, career pathways, career preparation, diversity and inclusion competencies, and competencies in accord with the 2013 American Association of Community Colleges’ (AACC’s) Competencies for Community College Leaders as well as the leaders’ transformational skills embedded in those competencies. This research study expands upon the work of Duree (2007), which included research on community college presidents’ or chief executive officers’ (CEOs’) informal and formal leadership preparation, educational backgrounds, experiences, and self-ranking of the importance as well as their level of preparation in the AACC ...


Virtual Learning Community: Utilizing Learning Communities In Hybrid And Online Graduate Programs, Amy J. Pilcher Jan 2017

Virtual Learning Community: Utilizing Learning Communities In Hybrid And Online Graduate Programs, Amy J. Pilcher

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Learning communities are well-established on-campus practices with evidence supporting their effectiveness in increasing student learning outcomes, student retention efforts, and student satisfaction. Students who enroll in online and hybrid programs have limited access to their classmates and institutional resources, which can cause feelings of isolation and frustration (Shelton & Saltsman, 2005); therefore, institutions are looking for ways to reduce this isolation and frustration by attempting to create community within online courses and programs. It has been demonstrated that establishing a robust online community allows students to interact with each other, builds a support network of fellow students, improves persistence and retention; increases perceived ...


The Effects Of Prequestions On Classroom Learning, Shuhebur Rahman Jan 2017

The Effects Of Prequestions On Classroom Learning, Shuhebur Rahman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Previous laboratory studies have shown that the use of prequestions (questions deployed prior to a learning episode) improves students’ learning. The current study addressed whether these same effects would occur when using prequestions in a classroom setting. In a classroom study the effects of prequestions on immediate and on delayed retention were assessed where some students received questions before lecture (Prequestion Group) and other students did not (Control Group). To determine the immediate effects of prequestions all students were given an end of class quiz in which students in the Prequestion Group had to answer the prequestions as well as ...


First-Generation Community College Students And Their Sense Of Place: An Opportunity To Succeed; An Opportunity To Belong, Cheryl J. Williams Jan 2017

First-Generation Community College Students And Their Sense Of Place: An Opportunity To Succeed; An Opportunity To Belong, Cheryl J. Williams

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the past decades, community college attendance has continued to be the first stop and school of choice for over half of the college student population, particularly for first-generation students. However, despite their enrollment, degree attainment remains low for first-generation students. It is not enough to get them in the door—it is critical that they belong. A college experience that provides a sense of belonging and sense of place for first-generation students is crucial. Sense of belonging has been shown to contribute to a positive student identity and experience that leads to higher retention and graduation rates. Student belonging ...


Promotion Of Student Engagement By Online Community College Faculty, Alicia Vance Aguiar Jan 2017

Promotion Of Student Engagement By Online Community College Faculty, Alicia Vance Aguiar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Online higher education courses continue to attract students across the U.S. However, online student persistence, particularly in community colleges, continues to lag traditional delivery. It is well known that student engagement may lead to improved academic performance and persistence. Previous research has identified how faculty communication and teaching strategies promote student engagement, yet it is not always clear to what extent these strategies are implemented. In virtual education, faculty are often the primary connection online students have with the institution. Additional study was needed to determine to what extent online faculty implement strategies that promote student engagement and how ...


Distributed Leadership For Equity And Excellence In Mathematics: An Elementary School Case Study, Comfort Enono Akwaji-Anderson Jan 2017

Distributed Leadership For Equity And Excellence In Mathematics: An Elementary School Case Study, Comfort Enono Akwaji-Anderson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The need for schools to develop and implement actions that will clearly improve the academic performance of all children is of great importance. Schools face pressure to improve K-12 mathematics instruction to reach all students, regardless of economic, linguistic, or cultural background (NCSM, 2008, 2016). Supporting academic excellence and equity in school mathematics requires strong leadership (Blankstein & Noguera, 2015). Recognizing that leadership in a school does not fall on the shoulders of just one person (Spillane & Healey, 2010, p. 256), the purpose of this case study was to explore the “how” of leadership, specifically the leadership practices that get us to the “why” (e.g., equity) and “what” (e.g., leadership for excellence) of mathematics education. The overarching question driving this research was: “What are the leadership practices that are intended to promote equity and excellence in mathematics education?” Using Spillane, Halverson, & Diamond’s Distributed Leadership Perspective (2004), the goal was to understand the respective distributed roles teachers and other individuals took in the process of achieving equity and excellence in mathematics at one elementary school. Formal (e.g., Head of School, Central Office Administrator) and Informal (e.g., teachers and parents) leaders were interviewed and observed. Data analysis focused on identifying the macro-functions (e.g., overall leadership practices) and micro-tasks (e.g., day-to-day, short-term tasks) that leaders engaged in to promote equity and excellence. Leadership practices were focused in three areas: Supporting the Teaching/Learning of all Students; Supporting the Teaching of Diverse Students; and Parent/Family Connection. Five primary categories of leadership practices were identified: Relationship, Instruction Support, School Climate, and Parent Involvement.

Despite the importance of family engagement, teachers faced challenges communicating to parents, getting them to help with ...


Prototyping Learning And Congruence In New Realities, Peter Mcneil Evans Jan 2017

Prototyping Learning And Congruence In New Realities, Peter Mcneil Evans

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The educational system in the industrialized 20th Century, a monolithic delivery model, prepared students for a hierarchical livelihood in either blue collar or white collar worlds. Today, a different landscape is predicted for the workforce. And it is rapidly changing and advancing. Will Richardson points out that by 2020 more than half the US workforce will be “freelancers, consultants and independent workers” (Richardson, 2012). While forecasts and predictions vary, continuing studies support this workforce evolution.

The continued revolution in digital technology is pervasive today with mobile devices and the Internet providing an abundance of information, knowledge and opportunity with the ...


Literacy Events And Practices That Position Hmong Women To Meet Academic Success In Community Colleges, Jody C. Koch Jan 2017

Literacy Events And Practices That Position Hmong Women To Meet Academic Success In Community Colleges, Jody C. Koch

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the literacy events and practices of Hmong women achieving academic success at a community college. Three women participants were interviewed regarding their past and present literacy events and practices. In addition, each participant took photographs of their own literacy events for five weeks. The photographs provided additional material for further discussion during the interviews. The study was designed as a collective case study in order to explore each participant's literacy practices and compare across cases. Coding was first conducted deductively, separating literacy events from literacy practices. Then each primary code was subjected to a second around ...


Applicability Of Online Education To Large Undergraduate Engineering Courses, Devayan Debashis Bir Jan 2017

Applicability Of Online Education To Large Undergraduate Engineering Courses, Devayan Debashis Bir

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With the increase in undergraduate engineering enrollment, many universities have chosen to teach introductory engineering courses such as Statics of Engineering and Mechanics of Materials in large classes due to budget limitations. With the overwhelming literature against traditionally taught large classes, this study aims to see the effects of the trending online pedagogy. Online courses are the latest trend in education due to the flexibility they provide to students in terms of schedule and pace of learning with the added advantage of being less expensive for the university over a period. In this research, the effects of online lectures on ...


A Computer-Adaptive Test Of Productive And Contextualized Academic Vocabulary Breadth In English (Cat-Pav): Development And Validation, Victor Dias De Oliveira Santos Jan 2017

A Computer-Adaptive Test Of Productive And Contextualized Academic Vocabulary Breadth In English (Cat-Pav): Development And Validation, Victor Dias De Oliveira Santos

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation study aimed, first and foremost, to address the current scarcity of assessments of productive and contextualized academic vocabulary in English, and thus contribute to the Applied Linguistics and Language Assessment field, by developing what seems to be the first IRT-based computer-adaptive test of productive and contextualized breadth of academic vocabulary in English (henceforth, CAT-PAV), which will be made freely available online to any researchers, ESL instructors, or other interested parties who believe the test can potentially be useful for their specific scenarios. A second aim of the present study was to validate the interpretation of scores from the ...


Mining Creativity: Video Game Creativity Learning Effects, Jorge Alberto Blanco-Herrera Jan 2017

Mining Creativity: Video Game Creativity Learning Effects, Jorge Alberto Blanco-Herrera

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Most psychological studies concerning the learning effects of video games have focused on action video games. These popular games emphasize quick-paced combat, narratives, player agency, and problem solving. Although many studies have focused on aggression or visual-spatial cognition effects from the quick-paced combat, the problem-solving aspects have been largely ignored. The present study seeks to expand the existing literature on video game effects by focusing on a rarely-tested outcome: creative production.

As a game with few rules and a high amount of player freedom, Minecraft exemplifies a game that fosters players’ abilities for creative expression. This experimental study compares the ...


Challenges African-American Graduate Students Face At Iowa State University, Darryl Austin Jan 2017

Challenges African-American Graduate Students Face At Iowa State University, Darryl Austin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

African-American students continue to face high attrition rates in graduate education. The goal of this thesis project was to gauge perceptions of the challenges those students face in graduate school at Iowa State University, a major land-grant institution in the Midwest. Focus groups were conducted and revealed several important themes, as follows: communication, funding and resources, peer/faculty mentoring, connectivity vs isolation, contributions from fellow graduate students and drive and expectations of self. Two key concepts that emerged from the focus group discussions were self-efficacy and social capital. The participants recommended better communication with university executives, department faculty as well ...


An Examination Of Front-Line Student Services Staff’S Experience Transitioning From A Traditional To An Integrated Model Of Student Service, Christopher David Bowser Jan 2017

An Examination Of Front-Line Student Services Staff’S Experience Transitioning From A Traditional To An Integrated Model Of Student Service, Christopher David Bowser

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative comparative case study was to understand how front-line student services staff experience transition from a traditional model of service to an integrated model of service. There were three fundamental questions framing this research study:

1. What strategies and support systems were utilized by staff making the transition from a traditional model of student service to an integrated model of student service?

2. In what ways did staff perceive the control they had over their changing role during the transition?

3. How did the reorganization impact issues of motivation, satisfaction, productivity, and service quality?

Twenty participants ...


Spanish Listening Comprehension Test Development Project: Considering Learner L2 Listening Comprehension In The Course Placement Equation, Jennifer Elise Musgrove Jan 2017

Spanish Listening Comprehension Test Development Project: Considering Learner L2 Listening Comprehension In The Course Placement Equation, Jennifer Elise Musgrove

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Second language (L2) placement exams utilized towards course placement decisions at higher-level educational institutions are considered “high-stakes” relative to the impact that the assessment outcome has on the individual student level as well consequences at the institutional level. Therefore, providing reliable second language assessments that effectively determine L2 learner language proficiency can lower course placement error issues. I argue that assessing a learner’s L2 listening comprehension is an integral part of the learner’s L2 experience within the Target Language Use (TLU) and that it could improve course placement accuracy. Furthermore, I argue for a listening construct that includes ...


Characteristics And Enrollment Factors Of Post-Degree Students At A Large, Public, Community College In The Midwest, Kelly L. Friesleben Jan 2017

Characteristics And Enrollment Factors Of Post-Degree Students At A Large, Public, Community College In The Midwest, Kelly L. Friesleben

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The traditional transfer pathway model has been challenged over the past few decades in more than one way through various forms of reverse transfer. Reverse transfer students are a large general category of students that begin at a four-year institution and transfer to a two-year institution. Townsend and Dever (1999) write that the term reverse transfer does not adequately describe the many different types within this subpopulation of community college students, and that early research failed to identify reverse transfer subgroups. Post-baccalaureate reverse transfer students (PRTS)—are a group of students that challenge the general perception of the traditional education ...


Investigating Administrators And Faculty Perception Regarding Applied Baccalaureate Degrees At A Midwestern University, Lee John Geisinger Jan 2017

Investigating Administrators And Faculty Perception Regarding Applied Baccalaureate Degrees At A Midwestern University, Lee John Geisinger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As workforce shortages continue to emerge in the industries of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), the United States’ economic global competitiveness rides on higher education’s ability to produce a highly trained STEM workforce. To fill this workforce shortage and expand access to post-secondary degrees, higher education institutions must develop solid pathways to from the associates level to advanced degrees.

The applied baccalaureate (AB) degree has been present in higher education since the 1970s, and seen a re-emergence in recent years to create a pathway for students who have obtained the historically terminal Associate of Applied Science (AAS) degree ...


The Absences Of Lgbtq-Related Language In Iowa School Handbooks: School Handbooks As A Catalyst For Change, Joy Marie Linquist Jan 2017

The Absences Of Lgbtq-Related Language In Iowa School Handbooks: School Handbooks As A Catalyst For Change, Joy Marie Linquist

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

It is the intention of schools to meet the needs of each student, including students who identify as lesbian, bi-sexual, gay, transgendered, or questioning (LGBTQ). However, practices that discriminate against marginalized populations and a long history of inequities exist in the school system, where the status quo is perpetuated. It is the responsibility of school leaders to be social change agents for justice and equity. School leaders can use school handbooks as a catalyst to make our schools more inclusive, and equitable for each. Student handbooks alone won’t promote equity, but they do serve an important role, as ...


Teachers' Inquiry Stance: Collaboration Through Data Analysis In A Professional Learning Community, Darin Marcus Haack Jan 2017

Teachers' Inquiry Stance: Collaboration Through Data Analysis In A Professional Learning Community, Darin Marcus Haack

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative case study was to understand how teachers experience a stance toward inquiry through participation in Professional Learning Communities (PLCs). In order to meet this objective, the following questions framed this research:

1. How do individual teachers make meaning of the epistemological and dialogic aspects of their PLC’s inquiry stance toward student data?

2. How do teachers interpret the influence of their personal inquiry stance toward student data on the stance of their PLC?

3. How do teachers interpret the influence of external supports and constraints on their PLC’s inquiry stance toward student data ...


Positive Youth Development Programs Build Civically Engaged Leaders, Brenda S. Allen Jan 2017

Positive Youth Development Programs Build Civically Engaged Leaders, Brenda S. Allen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Youth participation in meaningful and purposive civic organizations and activities not only impacts the participants’ development, but also influences their involvement in their communities both today and in the future. The combination of the two studies included in this dissertation examine just that. Both studies were conducted utilizing original research by the author utilizing the frameworks of Positive Youth Development (PYD) and experiential learning. The first study is a program evaluation of the Iowa State 4-H Council, assessing the participants’ outcomes in the common measure Life Skill constructs critical to the development of civically engaged individuals, including: citizenship, communication, leadership ...


A Qualitative Study Of How Teacher Perceptions Within A 1:1 Ipadã‚® Program May Contribute To Changes In Teacher Practices, Eric Christopher Shafer Jan 2017

A Qualitative Study Of How Teacher Perceptions Within A 1:1 Ipadã‚® Program May Contribute To Changes In Teacher Practices, Eric Christopher Shafer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Background: Schools around the United States are implementing costly school-wide 1:1 iPad programs to support student learning. Technology integration in schools has the potential to influence teachers to include more student-centered approaches. Student-centered approaches can be defined as methods of teaching and learning that place more responsibility on students. Numerous studies suggest that key elements of student-centered approaches incorporate student activity and engagement into the learning process. The increase in access to technology that is afforded students by school-wide 1:1 iPad programs can potentially bring about a change in teacher practices.

Purpose: The primary purpose of this ...