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Full-Text Articles in Education

Factors That Influence New Students’ Decision To Attend Two Midwestern Land-Grant Universities, Elizabeth A. Foreman, Scott W. Smalley, Michael S. Retallick Dec 2018

Factors That Influence New Students’ Decision To Attend Two Midwestern Land-Grant Universities, Elizabeth A. Foreman, Scott W. Smalley, Michael S. Retallick

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

The purpose of this quantitative study was to describe the people and factors that influenced new students’ decisions to attend the colleges of agriculture at two Midwestern land grant universities. Athletics was identified as the most common pre-collegiate activity. Students identified their parent as the most influential person in selecting their college. The top factor which influenced students' college decision was pursuing a career that interested them. The findings from this study can guide recruitment efforts at land-grant universities by allowing institutions to be more intentional with their recruitment efforts. Future research needs to be conducted to determine the timing ...


Ace Your Online Teaching With Quality Course Delivery, Kristie Baldwin Nov 2018

Ace Your Online Teaching With Quality Course Delivery, Kristie Baldwin

Open Course Materials

The following is an instructor resource to assist educators in developing superior online courses.


Transdisciplinary Graduate Training In Predictive Plant Phenomics, Carolyn J. Lawrence-Dill, Theodore J. Heindel, Patrick S. Schnable, Stephanie J. Strong, Jill Wittrock, Mary E. Losch, Julie A. Dickerson May 2018

Transdisciplinary Graduate Training In Predictive Plant Phenomics, Carolyn J. Lawrence-Dill, Theodore J. Heindel, Patrick S. Schnable, Stephanie J. Strong, Jill Wittrock, Mary E. Losch, Julie A. Dickerson

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Novel methods to increase crop productivity are required to meet anticipated demands for food, feed, fiber, and fuel. It is becoming feasible to use modern sensors and data analysis techniques for predicting plant growth and productivity based on genomic, phenotypic, and environmental data. To design and construct crops that deliver desired traits requires trained personnel with scientific and engineering expertise as well as a variety of “soft” skills. To address these needs at Iowa State University, we developed a graduate specialization called “Predictive Plant Phenomics” (P3). Although some of our experiences may be unique, many of the specialization’s principles ...


Perceptions Of Career And Technical Education By Pre-Service Students, Scott W. Smalley, Kelsey Sands May 2018

Perceptions Of Career And Technical Education By Pre-Service Students, Scott W. Smalley, Kelsey Sands

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Agricultural education programs are one component of Career and Technical Education (CTE). For CTE to be effective, educators teaching CTE courses must be able to make connections between the curriculum and real-life situations. This qualitative study explored self-reported perceptions of CTE by pre-service students. Wigfield and Eccles’ expectancy-value model of achievement was used as the framework for this study. Findings indicated that career and technical education provides benefits for everyone because it helps develop career skills. With the shortage of educators and budget cuts, career and technical education cannot continue to survive. Participants also describe characteristics of successful career and ...


Rapid Needs Assessment And Response Technique, Jacqueline Comito, Brandy Case Haub, Mark Licht Apr 2018

Rapid Needs Assessment And Response Technique, Jacqueline Comito, Brandy Case Haub, Mark Licht

Agronomy Publications

The rapid needs assessment and response technique (RNR) is a useful tool for Extension professionals seeking ways to improve workshop structure. Facilitators using RNR organize workshop participants in small groups and then rotate the groups through a series of stations where participants dialogue on questions central to the workshop topic. The technique helps adult learners actively engage with one another, thus improving their ability to learn the subject matter. Use of RNR also allows facilitators to understand participants' existing knowledge of a workshop topic and tailor their education to participants' specific questions and needs.


Utilizing Multivariate Analysis For Assessing Student Learning Through Effective College-Industry Partnerships, Caleb Burns, Shweta Chopra, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Gretchen A. Mosher Jan 2018

Utilizing Multivariate Analysis For Assessing Student Learning Through Effective College-Industry Partnerships, Caleb Burns, Shweta Chopra, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Gretchen A. Mosher

Political Science Publications

There is no doubt that college–industry collaborations are vital to the success of undergraduate students with engineering and technology majors. This collaboration provides students with an opportunity to bridge the gap between classroom education and real-world experience. Inviting industry representatives to engage in the classroom and involving students with professional organizations, student field trips, virtual plant tours, and industry-focused final projects are ways in which an instructor can incorporate student–industry engagement into their course. During their undergraduate degree program, students are required to participate in an internship program where they gain substantial industry engagement and opportunities to learn ...


Integrating Online Instruction And Hands-On Laboratory Activities For Summer Learning For Students Of Color: A Design Case In Forensic Science, Douglas Elrick, Jiaqi Yu, Connie Hargrave Jan 2018

Integrating Online Instruction And Hands-On Laboratory Activities For Summer Learning For Students Of Color: A Design Case In Forensic Science, Douglas Elrick, Jiaqi Yu, Connie Hargrave

Education Publications

The popularity of TV shows such as Crime Scene Investigation (CSI) has generated high school students’ interest in forensics. Yet, forensic science is not commonly accessible to students, and especially students of color who often attend under-resourced high schools. This article presents the design, development, and evaluation of an online forensics course created for high school students of color who were a part of an informal science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational development program. Two essential elements guided the course design: the target learners (high school students of color) and integrating online instruction and hands-on laboratory activities involving real-world ...


Factors Contributing To Illinois School-Based Agriculture Teachers’ Final Decision To Leave The Classroom, Jay K. Solomonson, Debra S. Korte, Erica B. Thieman, Michael S. Retallick, Kari H. Keating Jan 2018

Factors Contributing To Illinois School-Based Agriculture Teachers’ Final Decision To Leave The Classroom, Jay K. Solomonson, Debra S. Korte, Erica B. Thieman, Michael S. Retallick, Kari H. Keating

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Teacher attrition is a significant problem nationally and a special challenge for school-based agriculture education programs. The purpose of this study was to investigate contributing variables associated with former Illinois school-based agriculture teachers and their decision to leave the profession. A four-factor conceptual model is proposed as a framework for explaining agriculture teacher retention or attrition and includes the multivariate constructs of Personal Factors, Working Conditions, Teacher Development, and Compensation. Demographic characteristics are explored as well as difference between novice and experienced teachers and their perceptions of attrition influences. This study is unique in that it reports survey data from ...


Evaluating First Year Agriculture Teachers’ Use Of Reflection, Amanda Meder, Scott Smalley, Michael Retallick Jan 2018

Evaluating First Year Agriculture Teachers’ Use Of Reflection, Amanda Meder, Scott Smalley, Michael Retallick

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Reflection is a useful tool which improves teaching approaches; however, many first-year teachers do not appear to reflect upon their instructional plans (McAlpine & Weston, 2000). Prior research has indicated preservice teachers are not utilizing the acquired reflective approaches learned throughout the teacher preparation program (Hatton & Smith, 1995; Kagan & Tippins, 1992; Reynolds, 1993). It is believed teachers fail to implement reflective practice in their professional practice because they have not acquired the pedagogical knowledge to effectively reflect (McAlpine & Weston, 2000). The primary purpose of this study was to determine if beginning agricultural education teachers employed a systematic approach of reflection, determine what components of the teacher preparation program aided in learning, how to reflect, and to examine first-year teachers’ gratification with the reflective approaches learned from Iowa ...


Job Stress, Burnout, And Professional Development Needs Of Mid-Career Agricultural Education Teachers, Amy Smith, Scott Smalley Jan 2018

Job Stress, Burnout, And Professional Development Needs Of Mid-Career Agricultural Education Teachers, Amy Smith, Scott Smalley

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Retaining high quality school-based agricultural education teachers is a growing concern across the United States. This study focused on mid-career agricultural education teachers’ perceptions of job stress, burnout, job satisfaction, and professional development needs related to National Quality Program Standards for Secondary Agriculture Education (The National Council for Agricultural Education, 2009). The target population for this study was participants in the 2013 NAAE eXcellence in Leadership for Retention (XLR8) professional development program. Overall, XLR8 participants indicated the highest levels of job stress related to Standard 2 – Experiential Learning and Standard 7 – Program Planning and Evaluation. Participants were least stressed over ...


Early Field Experience Course Students’ Perceptions Of School-Based Agricultural Education Laboratory Environments, Trent Wells, Scott W. Smalley, Bryan D. Rank Jan 2018

Early Field Experience Course Students’ Perceptions Of School-Based Agricultural Education Laboratory Environments, Trent Wells, Scott W. Smalley, Bryan D. Rank

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Laboratory instruction is an important component of school-based agricultural education (SBAE) programs (Phipps, Osborne, Dyer, & Ball, 2008). Early field experience (EFE) coursework can be an important component of agricultural teacher preparation programs (Retallick & Miller, 2007). Through the use of a modified photovoice technique, we sought to identify the perceptions of students (i.e., preservice teachers) enrolled in an EFE course in relation to the laboratory environment component of the SBAE model. Students enrolled in a 40-hour EFE course photographed a laboratory environment at their placement site and completed a 250-word descriptive/reflective summary of the laboratory. Through open coding of the summaries, three prominent themes emerged: 1) project-based learning is widely used for instructional purposes; 2) laboratory environments are set up and arranged in particular fashions based on needs; and 3) laboratory environments are arranged as settings for effective learning. Within the photographs, the agricultural mechanics laboratory was most commonly identified as a laboratory environment. The EFE students identified laboratory environments are not always traditional in their scope, and classrooms can serve as laboratory environments. We recommend photovoice be further used as a tool to explore students’ perceptions of the realities of modern SBAE programs.


Over The Edge: Factors Nudging Mid-Career, School- Based Agriculture Teachers Out Of The Profession, Jay K. Solomonson, Michael S. Retallick Jan 2018

Over The Edge: Factors Nudging Mid-Career, School- Based Agriculture Teachers Out Of The Profession, Jay K. Solomonson, Michael S. Retallick

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

The field of agricultural education has experienced a consistent labor shortage the past several decades. Consequently, many school districts struggle to fill their open positions, while others are forced to shut down their agricultural programs completely due to inadequate staffing. Teacher attrition has been identified as a predominant factor behind the teacher shortage. The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to identify factors influencing mid-career school-based agriculture teachers’ decision to stay in or leave the secondary agriculture teaching profession. Researchers developed and administered questionnaires, as well as conducted interviews, to gather data from current, mid-career agriculture teachers to answer the ...


Using Immediate Feedback To Improve Short-Term Learning In Extension, Erin W. Hodgson Jan 2018

Using Immediate Feedback To Improve Short-Term Learning In Extension, Erin W. Hodgson

Entomology Publications

Program evaluation is an important part of any extension program and is often a required component by funding agencies. Given declining resources in land-grant universities, we must be creative in evaluating the learning and adoption of our research-based recommendations. I used a survey tool to give immediate feedback to participants in a wide variety of situations. Results indicate adults were receptive to this evaluation method, and close-ended questions can provide reliable evaluation data in an extension program. People showed improved significant learning with this technique and it is a model for other extension personnel.