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Full-Text Articles in Education

Origins Of Early Stem Interest For Black Male Graduate Students In Engineering: A Community Cultural Wealth Perspective, Brian A. Burt, Jarrel T. Johnson Sep 2018

Origins Of Early Stem Interest For Black Male Graduate Students In Engineering: A Community Cultural Wealth Perspective, Brian A. Burt, Jarrel T. Johnson

Education Publications

The development of talent in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields remains a national priority, one for which increasing the number of STEM participants from historically underrepresented populations is germane. Increasing the number of historically underrepresented students who complete advanced degrees in STEM will not only aid in solving national problems such as building infrastructure and strengthening national security, but also provide more models of success for future generations. Addressing this priority requires developing a better understanding of what leads students into and through STEM pathways, and finding ways to eliminate systemic barriers to their participation in STEM. This ...


Toward A Theory Of Engineering Professorial Intentions: The Role Of Research Group Experiences, Brian A. Burt Aug 2018

Toward A Theory Of Engineering Professorial Intentions: The Role Of Research Group Experiences, Brian A. Burt

Education Publications

This article advances the Theoretical Model of Engineering Professorial Intentions to explain why individuals do or do not choose to pursue faculty careers. A 13-month ethnographic study of members of a diverse chemical engineering research group was conducted. The resulting theoretical model accounts for six emergent components that contribute to members’ identification with faculty careers: (1) social identities and personal factors; (2) sociocultural factors; (3) participation, interactions, and learning in research group experiences; (4) faculty prototype; (5) social comparisons; and (6) individual and institutional experiences. The article concludes with implications for further research and recommendations regarding mentoring and design of ...


It Takes A Village: The Role Of Emic And Etic Adaptive Strengths In The Persistence Of Black Men In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, Gordon J. M. Palmer Aug 2018

It Takes A Village: The Role Of Emic And Etic Adaptive Strengths In The Persistence Of Black Men In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, Gordon J. M. Palmer

Education Publications

Black men, underrepresented in engineering, constitute a missing segment of the population who could contribute to the global knowledge economy. To address this national concern, stakeholders need additional research on strategies that aid in Black men’s persistence. This study explores the experiences of 30 Black men in engineering graduate programs. Three factors are identified as helping them persist from year to year, and in many cases through completion of the doctorate: the role of family, spirituality and faith-based community, and undergraduate mentors. The article concludes with implications for future research and professional practice that may improve the experiences of ...


Data, Data Everywhere: Implications And Considerations, Matthew D. Pistilli Aug 2018

Data, Data Everywhere: Implications And Considerations, Matthew D. Pistilli

Iowa State University Articles and Manuscripts

Learning Analytics in Higher Education provides a foundational understanding of how learning analytics is defined, what barriers and opportunities exist, and how it can be used to improve practice, including strategic planning, course development, teaching pedagogy, and student assessment. Well-known contributors provide empirical, theoretical, and practical perspectives on the current use and future potential of learning analytics for student learning and data-driven decision-making, ways to effectively evaluate and research learning analytics, integration of learning analytics into practice, organizational barriers and opportunities for harnessing Big Data to create and support use of these tools, and ethical considerations related to privacy and ...


Combining Academics And Social Engagement: A Major-Specific Early Alert Method To Counter Student Attrition In Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics, Andrew J. Sage, Cinzia Cervato, Ulrike Genschel, Craig Ogilvie Jun 2018

Combining Academics And Social Engagement: A Major-Specific Early Alert Method To Counter Student Attrition In Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics, Andrew J. Sage, Cinzia Cervato, Ulrike Genschel, Craig Ogilvie

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

Students are most likely to leave science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors during their first year of college. We developed an analytic approach using random forests to identify at-risk students. This method is deployable midway through the first semester and accounts for academic preparation, early engagement in university life, and performance on midterm exams. By accounting for cognitive and noncognitive factors, our method achieves stronger predictive performance than would be possible using cognitive or noncognitive factors alone. We show that it is more difficult to predict whether students will leave STEM than whether they will leave the institution. More ...


Developing The Next Generation Of Diverse Computer Scientists: The Need For Enhanced, Intersectional Computing Identity Theory, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kathleen Lehman Apr 2018

Developing The Next Generation Of Diverse Computer Scientists: The Need For Enhanced, Intersectional Computing Identity Theory, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kathleen Lehman

Education Publications

This theoretical paper explores the need for enhanced, intersectional computing identity theory for the purpose of developing a diverse group of computer scientists for the future. Greater theoretical understanding of the identity formation process specifically for computing is needed in order to understand how students come to understand themselves as computer scientists. To ensure that the next generation of computer scientists is diverse, this paper presents a case for examining identity development intersectionally, understanding the ways in which women and underrepresented students may have difficulty identifying as computer scientists and be systematically oppressed in their pursuit of computer science careers ...


The Personal Is Archival: Researching And Teaching With Stories Of Women Engineers, Scientists, And Doctors, Amy Bix Apr 2018

The Personal Is Archival: Researching And Teaching With Stories Of Women Engineers, Scientists, And Doctors, Amy Bix

History Conference Papers, Presentations and Posters

Personal stories from archives are essential to understand the historical gendering of American science, medicine, technology, and innovation. Advocates promoted science, medicine, and engineering to young men, yet the twentieth-century brought increasing numbers of women into STEM education and employment. This paper illustrates the above by offering guidance to key archival and digital collections that show how women (individually and as groups) made places for themselves in modern science, technology, and medicine. Sources illustrate complex intersections for women simultaneously shaping professional and personal identities. This paper suggests how historians can reach beyond individual biographies to build broader analyses that deploy ...


Rapid Needs Assessment And Response Technique, Jacqueline Comito, Brandy Case Haub, Mark Licht Apr 2018

Rapid Needs Assessment And Response Technique, Jacqueline Comito, Brandy Case Haub, Mark Licht

Agronomy Publications

The rapid needs assessment and response technique (RNR) is a useful tool for Extension professionals seeking ways to improve workshop structure. Facilitators using RNR organize workshop participants in small groups and then rotate the groups through a series of stations where participants dialogue on questions central to the workshop topic. The technique helps adult learners actively engage with one another, thus improving their ability to learn the subject matter. Use of RNR also allows facilitators to understand participants' existing knowledge of a workshop topic and tailor their education to participants' specific questions and needs.


A Study Of The Testing Effect In An Engineering Classroom, Monica H. Lamm, Shuting Yan, Clark R. Coffman, Carly Manz, Robert D. Reason Jan 2018

A Study Of The Testing Effect In An Engineering Classroom, Monica H. Lamm, Shuting Yan, Clark R. Coffman, Carly Manz, Robert D. Reason

Chemical and Biological Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

This research paper describes a study that examines a testing effect intervention deployed in an engineering classroom setting. The testing effect is based on the premise that learning is improved when students engage with newly acquired information by challenging themselves to answer questions about the content instead of using other means of interacting with the content, such as rereading a text. The testing effect has been established in laboratory research studies [1]. To translate this finding into educational practice, classroom research studies [2]-[6] aim to define the conditions for which the testing effect remains robust in authentic classroom settings ...


Documenting Engineering Identity: Electrical And Computer Engineering Departmental Documents And Student Identity, Rachel E. Friedensen, Erin Doran, Sarah Rodriguez Jan 2018

Documenting Engineering Identity: Electrical And Computer Engineering Departmental Documents And Student Identity, Rachel E. Friedensen, Erin Doran, Sarah Rodriguez

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

As concerns about the preparation of engineers grow, so has interest in the dimensions of engineering identity. By having a thorough understanding of engineering identity, departments will be better able to produce engineers who understand their role as a member of the profession. Generally, engineering identity literature has not focused on specific disciplinary identities, instead looking at engineering as a whole. Previous literature has utilized role identity theory (e.g., Gee, 2001) and identified key dimensions of engineering identity, including one’s performance/competence and interest in engineering courses and recognition as a current/future engineer (Godwin, 2016; Godwin et ...


Engineering Identity For Latina Undergraduate Students: Exploring Development And Intersecting Identities, Sarah Rodriguez, Mackenzie Sissel, Ronnia Estes, Erin Doran Jan 2018

Engineering Identity For Latina Undergraduate Students: Exploring Development And Intersecting Identities, Sarah Rodriguez, Mackenzie Sissel, Ronnia Estes, Erin Doran

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Latinas are entering higher education at greater rates than before, yet they have disproportionately lower completion rates and engineering career representation than their peers (Excelencia in Education, 2015). In many cases, Latinas may have difficulty envisioning themselves as engineering, being validated by the engineering community, and continuing within the engineering disciplines (Carlone & Johnson, 2007; Lord & Camacho, 2013). Therefore, it is imperative that scholars examine the engineering identity development of Latinas during college.

This study was framed by two research questions: 1. How do Latinas in engineering develop their engineering identities during college? 2. How do other intersectional identities influence the development of ...


Utilizing Multivariate Analysis For Assessing Student Learning Through Effective College-Industry Partnerships, Caleb Burns, Shweta Chopra, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Gretchen A. Mosher Jan 2018

Utilizing Multivariate Analysis For Assessing Student Learning Through Effective College-Industry Partnerships, Caleb Burns, Shweta Chopra, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Gretchen A. Mosher

Political Science Publications

There is no doubt that college–industry collaborations are vital to the success of undergraduate students with engineering and technology majors. This collaboration provides students with an opportunity to bridge the gap between classroom education and real-world experience. Inviting industry representatives to engage in the classroom and involving students with professional organizations, student field trips, virtual plant tours, and industry-focused final projects are ways in which an instructor can incorporate student–industry engagement into their course. During their undergraduate degree program, students are required to participate in an internship program where they gain substantial industry engagement and opportunities to learn ...


Sense Of Belonging In Computing: The Role Of Introductory Courses For Women And Underrepresented Minority Students, Linda J. Sax, Jennifer M. Blaney, Kathleen J. Lehman, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kari L. George, Christina Zavala Jan 2018

Sense Of Belonging In Computing: The Role Of Introductory Courses For Women And Underrepresented Minority Students, Linda J. Sax, Jennifer M. Blaney, Kathleen J. Lehman, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kari L. George, Christina Zavala

Education Publications

This study examines an aspect of gender and racial/ethnic gaps in undergraduate computing by focusing on sense of belonging among women and underrepresented minority (URM) introductory computing students. We examine change in sense of belonging during the introductory course as well as the predictors of belonging, with attention to conditional effects by gender and URM status. Results show that sense of belonging outcomes are a product of both incoming student characteristics and college environments and experiences, highlighting the important role the computing faculty play in fostering belonging. These and other findings are discussed, focusing on sense of belonging among ...


Engineering Education In Elementary And Secondary Schools, Şenay Purzer, Mack C. Shelley Ii Jan 2018

Engineering Education In Elementary And Secondary Schools, Şenay Purzer, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

Engineering, with its focus on design and problem-solving, is used in K-12 education to promote learning in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics). In this special issue, we bring together seven research papers that have examined critical questions in engineering education. These papers collectively examine recent research in K-12 education and address three broad topics: different models for integrating engineering into K-12 curricula, different learning outcomes associated with alternative models of integration and implementation, and ways K-12 students engage in epistemic practices of engineering while learning STEM concepts. Future research needs to address how engineering should be implemented in schools ...


The Affordances Of Process-Tracing Technologies For Supporting L2 Writing Instruction, Jim R. Ranalli, Hui-Hsien Feng, Evgeny Chukharev-Hudilainen Jan 2018

The Affordances Of Process-Tracing Technologies For Supporting L2 Writing Instruction, Jim R. Ranalli, Hui-Hsien Feng, Evgeny Chukharev-Hudilainen

English Publications

The research literature on L2 writing processes contains a multitude of insights that could inform writing instruction, but writing teachers are constrained in their capacity to make use of these insights insofar as they lack detailed information about how their students’ actually engage in the processes of writing. At the same time, writing-process researchers have been using powerful technologies to trace writers’ process engagement—namely, keystroke-logging and eye-tracking—that are potentially applicable in educational settings. In this article, we describe a pilot effort to integrate these technologies into L2 writing instruction with college-level ESL students. In addition to illustrating three ...


Impact Of Lecture Video Acceleration In A Flipped Introductory Engineering Course, Benjamin P. Jacobson, Michael C. Dorneich, Leslie A. Potter Jan 2018

Impact Of Lecture Video Acceleration In A Flipped Introductory Engineering Course, Benjamin P. Jacobson, Michael C. Dorneich, Leslie A. Potter

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

As demand for engineers grows, emphasis is increasingly placed on introductory engineering courses to engage, educate, and retain students. Team-Based Learning (TBL) is a pedagogy that shifts instruction from a lecture-based paradigm to a structured learning sequence that includes individual preparation outside of class followed by active, in-class problemsolving exercises completed by student teams. As part of the individual preparation, students may watch recorded videos of lectures, often at an accelerated speed. While the acceleration of videos has the potential to increase students’ learning efficiency, the impact on comprehension is unclear. Two studies were conducted to understand students’ viewing habits ...


Implementing A Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experience (Cure) Into An Ie Curriculum, Leslie Potter, Richard Stone, Audrey Fyock, Devna Fay Popejoy-Sheriff Jan 2018

Implementing A Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experience (Cure) Into An Ie Curriculum, Leslie Potter, Richard Stone, Audrey Fyock, Devna Fay Popejoy-Sheriff

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Since 2013, the Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering (IMSE) Department at Iowa State University (ISU) has provided high-impact education experiences to as many as 35 students/semester (~6% of its student body) through undergraduate research assistantships (URAs). These experiences support ISU’s strategic goal of ensuring that students receive an exceptional education, with sub-goals of improving the ISU Experience for underrepresented students, increasing retention and graduation rates for all students, and growing the impact and scope of graduate programs [1], [2]. The number of students who can benefit from this experience in the IMSE Department has plateaued, however, because of ...