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Full-Text Articles in Education

Evaluation Of Confidence Using Motivational Interviewing Skills Before And After In-Person Training Workshop, Jeni E. Lansing, Kathryn J. Deshaw, Maria Perez, Gregory Welk, Laura D. Ellingson Dec 2018

Evaluation Of Confidence Using Motivational Interviewing Skills Before And After In-Person Training Workshop, Jeni E. Lansing, Kathryn J. Deshaw, Maria Perez, Gregory Welk, Laura D. Ellingson

CIRTL Reports

Motivational interviewing (MI) is a skill used to help individuals make positive behavior changes and may be beneficial for those who work with undergraduate students. A new training, comprised of online content followed by an in-person workshop, was created and offered to staff members working directly with students at Iowa State University. The aim of this study was to evaluate confidence for using MI-related components pre and post an in-person workshop. To do so, participants completed a survey regarding their confidence in using MI-related skills before and after the workshop. From the survey results, a paired t-test was conducted to ...


Misconceptions On Part-Part-Whole Proportional Relationships Using Proportional Division Problems, Ji-Yeong I, Ricardo Martinez, Barbara Dougherty Nov 2018

Misconceptions On Part-Part-Whole Proportional Relationships Using Proportional Division Problems, Ji-Yeong I, Ricardo Martinez, Barbara Dougherty

Education Publications

This study focuses on proportional division, a specific problem type of proportions and proportional relationships, which embeds a part-part-whole relationship. We investigated how students in grades 6 to 9 solved and perceived three proportional division problems. Analysis of the students’ performance on the tasks revealed three types of misconceptions emerged in solving proportional division problems: regarding a ratio as a number, additive reasoning, and confusion about the whole. Confusion about the whole was the misconception that appeared most frequently across all grades. This finding suggests teachers should provide various types of proportional problems, especially with part-part-whole ratios. Proportional division is ...


Implementing Mathematical Modeling For Emergent Bilinguals, Ji Yeong I, Ricardo Martinez, Betsy A. Araujo-Grando Nov 2018

Implementing Mathematical Modeling For Emergent Bilinguals, Ji Yeong I, Ricardo Martinez, Betsy A. Araujo-Grando

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

In this study, a researcher collaborated with a middle school mathematics teacher through co-planning, teaching and reflecting upon mathematical modeling lessons to support emergent bilinguals to make sense of mathematics. We investigate how this collaboration impacts the process of co-teaching and co-planning in terms of the interactions between the researcher and the teacher. Our analysis reveals how each role changed and maintained during the collaboration and what factors were discussed to develop and implement modeling-based lessons for emergent bilinguals.


Four Approaches To Building Extension Program Evaluation Capacity, Nancy K. Franz, Thomas Archibald Aug 2018

Four Approaches To Building Extension Program Evaluation Capacity, Nancy K. Franz, Thomas Archibald

Education Publications

Extension educators are expected to more fully evaluate programs. In response, evaluation capacity building (ECB) is a necessary component of Extension educator professional development. One size rarely fits all; ECB more likely succeeds if it is well aligned with the educator's evaluation needs and the type of educational effort. Four approaches to Extension work have been documented—service, facilitation, content transmission, and transformative education. These approaches require different evaluation measures and therefore different forms of ECB.


Student-Centered Pedagogy: Using Moses’ Five-Step Approach As A Scaffolding Framework To Teach Diverse Learners, Ruth Ahn, Ji Yeong I, Justin White, Liane Monroy, Nicole Tronske Aug 2018

Student-Centered Pedagogy: Using Moses’ Five-Step Approach As A Scaffolding Framework To Teach Diverse Learners, Ruth Ahn, Ji Yeong I, Justin White, Liane Monroy, Nicole Tronske

Education Publications

In this article, two teacher educators and three preservice teachers reflect on the critical role Moses’ Five-Step Approach (Moses & Cobb, 2001) played as a scaffolding pedagogical framework in preservice teacher and faculty learning. Using Moses’ approach to frame their presentations, preservice teachers work in their groups to teach abstract Educational Psychology concepts to actively engage classmates from diverse backgrounds. During this process, the presenters co-construct knowledge with their peers and instructor, applying the framework by putting common activities and everyday language first before teaching abstract concepts and academic language. The authors, including a preservice teacher who also teaches a university ...


Understanding Collaborations Between Chinese And The U.S. Universities: The Development Of A Typology, Hui Kang, Genshu Lu, Linda S. Hagedorn May 2018

Understanding Collaborations Between Chinese And The U.S. Universities: The Development Of A Typology, Hui Kang, Genshu Lu, Linda S. Hagedorn

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

There has been a recent and rapid increase in the number and forms of educational collaborations between the U.S. and China in recent decades. Through the years these collaborations have evolved from the simplest forms of welcome of international students and faculty to complex agreements and even new postsecondary institutions. In this manuscript, we develop a typology to better understand the various varieties of educational collaborations using examples of the various forms between universities in the U.S. and China.


On A Continuum: Examining Ncore's Influence In The Development Of Multicultural Competence In Student Affairs Educators, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Apr 2018

On A Continuum: Examining Ncore's Influence In The Development Of Multicultural Competence In Student Affairs Educators, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

Multiculturally competent student affairs educators are required to effectively meet the needs of today’s diverse student population. However, little is known about how educators acquire these skills. This study examined the multicultural awareness, knowledge, and skills gained by student affairs educators through their participation in NCORE, an experiential conference exploring race and ethnicity. Results of the study have implications for graduate preparation programs and professional development opportunities for student affairs educators.


Rapid Needs Assessment And Response Technique, Jacqueline Comito, Brandy Case Haub, Mark Licht Apr 2018

Rapid Needs Assessment And Response Technique, Jacqueline Comito, Brandy Case Haub, Mark Licht

Agronomy Publications

The rapid needs assessment and response technique (RNR) is a useful tool for Extension professionals seeking ways to improve workshop structure. Facilitators using RNR organize workshop participants in small groups and then rotate the groups through a series of stations where participants dialogue on questions central to the workshop topic. The technique helps adult learners actively engage with one another, thus improving their ability to learn the subject matter. Use of RNR also allows facilitators to understand participants' existing knowledge of a workshop topic and tailor their education to participants' specific questions and needs.


The Best Of All Worlds: Combining The Flipped Classroom, Game-Based Learning, And Learning Communities In A Large Technology Integration Course., Larysa N. Nadolny, Benjamin W. Gleason Mar 2018

The Best Of All Worlds: Combining The Flipped Classroom, Game-Based Learning, And Learning Communities In A Large Technology Integration Course., Larysa N. Nadolny, Benjamin W. Gleason

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

This paper presents the use of a combination of pedagogical strategies in teaching a large undergraduate technology integration course. Course revisions include a motivating game-based learning structure, practitioner-focused design, and the flipped classroom model. Students perceived each course change positively with suggestions for refinement.


Reframing Rigor: A Modern Look At Challenge And Support In Higher Education, Corbin M. Campbell, Deniece Dortch, Brian A. Burt Mar 2018

Reframing Rigor: A Modern Look At Challenge And Support In Higher Education, Corbin M. Campbell, Deniece Dortch, Brian A. Burt

Education Publications

What is “hard” about college? The concept of academic rigor has been remarkably narrowly defined in contemporary higher education. Rigor is often equated with hard work in terms of the number of hours students spend studying or the quantity of assignments—or “piling on” a lot of work for students (Arum & Roksa, 2011). Alternatively, as derived from the recent K–12 standards movement in the No Child Left Behind act, rigor may be seen as an advanced level of curriculum (achieving mastery of prespecified content; for example, less rigorous algebra versus more rigorous calculus) (Matusevich, O'Connor, & Hargett, 2009). Yet, if we ask students what was “hard” about college academics—many other understandings may emerge—perhaps what was “hard” was maintaining one's identity while learning material that does not align with one's cultural values. Perhaps what was “challenging” was shifting basic assumptions that have been a core part of an individual’s experiences. Or, perhaps, the “rigor” was learning scholarly writing in a second language. Perhaps what was “hard” was learning to move from memorizing facts to analyzing and evaluating them—becoming a producer and interpreter rather than a consumer of information. Perhaps what was “hard” was coming to see oneself as an academic. All of these can be seen as a challenge of the academic experience at college—and resolving each of these challenges has been associated with student learning (Braxton, 1993; Castillo‐Montoya, 2017; Castillo‐Montoya & Torres‐Guzmán, 2012; Fries‐Britt, Johnson, & Burt, 2013; Neumann, 2014).


Using Nonfiction Narratives In An English Course To Teach The Nature Of Science And Its Importance To Communicating About Science, Jeanine Elise Aune, Lynn Lundy Evans, Nancy Boury Mar 2018

Using Nonfiction Narratives In An English Course To Teach The Nature Of Science And Its Importance To Communicating About Science, Jeanine Elise Aune, Lynn Lundy Evans, Nancy Boury

Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications

The nature of science (NOS) is a foundational framework for understanding scientific ideas and concepts. This framework includes scientific methodology, the process of revising and interpreting data, and the ways in which science is a social endeavor. Nature of science literature treats science as a way of knowing that is based on observable phenomenon. While discipline-specific coursework teaches the factual information of science, it may fall short on teaching scientific literacy, a key component of which is understanding NOS. We have designed an English course that features nonfiction narratives describing the early days of epidemiology, hygiene awareness, and the current ...


Technology And Strategy Instruction, Jim Ranalli Feb 2018

Technology And Strategy Instruction, Jim Ranalli

English Publications

Since the 1970s, one strand of second language (L2) pedagogy has been concerned with imparting behaviors and techniques to learners that they can use independently to improve their learning and use of the target language. This strand, known as strategy instruction (SI), has faced a number of challenges including overdependence on teachers for instruction, competition for space in already crowded syllabuses, and the need to provide individualized practice and feedback on strategy use. This entry explores recent efforts to harness digital technologies in support of SI initiatives.


A System For Adaptive High-Variability Segmental Perceptual Training: Implementation, Effectiveness, Transfer, Manman Qian, Evgeny Chukharev-Hudilainen, John M. Levis Feb 2018

A System For Adaptive High-Variability Segmental Perceptual Training: Implementation, Effectiveness, Transfer, Manman Qian, Evgeny Chukharev-Hudilainen, John M. Levis

English Publications

Many types of L2 phonological perception are often difficult to acquire without instruction. These difficulties with perception may also be related to intelligibility in production. Instruction on perception contrasts is more likely to be successful with the use of phonetically variable input made available through computer-assisted pronunciation training. However, few computer-assisted programs have demonstrated flexibility in diagnosing and treating individual learner problems or have made effective use of linguistic resources such as corpora for creating training materials. This study introduces a system for segmental perceptual training that uses a computational approach to perception utilizing corpusbased word frequency lists, high variability ...


Examination Of An Emerging Community Of Practice For Instructional Designers: A Descriptive Case Study In A Midwestern University, Jiaqi Yu, Connie Hargrave Jan 2018

Examination Of An Emerging Community Of Practice For Instructional Designers: A Descriptive Case Study In A Midwestern University, Jiaqi Yu, Connie Hargrave

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

This study examined the functioning of a group of instructional designers (IDs) in higher education through the lens of Communities of Practice (CoPs). The study particularly focused on whether and how the grouping of experienced and novice IDs operated as an effective CoP from the perspective of novices. The findings indicated that a group of IDs working in a midwestern university was able to cultivate a CoP within a clearly defined domain, a well-established community, and the shared practice with a specific body of knowledge. Particularly from the perspectives of novices, they highlighted the positive impact while participating in the ...


The Landscape Of Rural Service Learning, And What It Teaches Us All, Nancy K. Franz Jan 2018

The Landscape Of Rural Service Learning, And What It Teaches Us All, Nancy K. Franz

Education Publications

Community-engaged scholars know that understanding the community context is critical for successful communitybased learning that results in community development. As a rural-focused and mostly rural-based educator, I’ve been surprised at the lack of attention over the decades by university– community engagement scholars to the characteristics, opportunities, challenges, and impacts of rural service-learning. The Rural Alliance for Service Learning has attempted to address this gap in the literature by publishing this 19-chapter anthology of interesting experiences, research, and insights about service-learning in rural America with a predominant focus on the upper Midwest.


How Signaling Principle Affects Learning: An Eye Tracking Study, Mehmet Donmez, Sibel Dogan, Evrim Baran Jan 2018

How Signaling Principle Affects Learning: An Eye Tracking Study, Mehmet Donmez, Sibel Dogan, Evrim Baran

Education Publications

Studies examining the effects of signaling principle on learning mostly used data sources such as interviews, achievement tests and think aloud protocols. There is, however, limited research on the use of quantitative measures to promote findings from interviews and think aloud procedures. This study aimed to investigate the effects of signaling principle on learning by supporting the results with the eye movement data. Participants included 34 Information and Communication Technology (ICT) pre-service teachers divided into experimental and control groups randomly. Participants were presented with two types of MS Power Point presentations with and without highlighted clues as multimedia material. Participants ...


In Search Of Mirrors: An Asian Critical Race Theory Content Analysis Of Asian American Picturebooks From 2007 To 2017, Noreen N. Rodriguez, Esther J. Kim Jan 2018

In Search Of Mirrors: An Asian Critical Race Theory Content Analysis Of Asian American Picturebooks From 2007 To 2017, Noreen N. Rodriguez, Esther J. Kim

Education Publications

Grounded in Asian critical race theory, this critical content analysis examines Asian American representation in 21 picturebooks published from 2007 to 2017.


Taking The Long View By Focusing On Description: Examining Bias, Agency, And The Messy Parts Of Teaching, Mary B. Mcvee, Lynn E. Shanahan, H. Emily Hayden, Fenice B. Boyd, P. David Pearson Jan 2018

Taking The Long View By Focusing On Description: Examining Bias, Agency, And The Messy Parts Of Teaching, Mary B. Mcvee, Lynn E. Shanahan, H. Emily Hayden, Fenice B. Boyd, P. David Pearson

Education Publications

Many times, teaching is viewed only in terms of the end product: what a lesson produces in terms of student learning. This all-or-nothing view ignores the many complicated components of teaching. Consider how this idea of teaching as a singular product is communicated. Some common sayings about teachers are: “Teachers are born, not made” or “Those who can, do. Those who can’t, teach.” These sayings and the ideologies behind them suggest that good teaching is an inborn trait or singular action: you’ve either got it or you don’t. But what if teaching were viewed as a layered ...


Supporting Idea Generation With Design Tools: Nesting Design Heuristics Within Morphological Analysis, Keelin Leahy, Shanna R. Daly, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen Seifert Jan 2018

Supporting Idea Generation With Design Tools: Nesting Design Heuristics Within Morphological Analysis, Keelin Leahy, Shanna R. Daly, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen Seifert

Industrial Design Publications

As some design problems are complex, generating concepts for a complete artefact may be overwhelming for designers, especially for novices. Students often learn to use morphological analysis (MA) to decompose a problem into subcomponents, allowing them to focus on designing for more specific functions. However, generating new ideas for subcomponents remains a challenge for novices. In this study, the authors investigated an educational method combining the morphological analysis approach with a tool designed to facilitate the generation of novel, differing ideas called design heuristics (DH). The results demonstrate that adding design heuristics within morphological analysis supported students in building upon ...


Examining The Temporal Structure Of The Perception-Production Link In Sla: A Longitudinal Study, Charles Nagle Jan 2018

Examining The Temporal Structure Of The Perception-Production Link In Sla: A Longitudinal Study, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Most studies on the perception-production link have assumed a synchronous relationship, according to which gains in perception transfer to production rapidly and efficiently. However, time-lagged and asymptotic relationships are also possible, in which case perception would guide production at a later stage or production would improve only once perception has reached a high level of accuracy. The present study investigates the temporal dynamics of the perception-production link by modeling English speakers’ ability to perceive and produce L2 Spanish stops over time. Mixed-effects modeling of the d’ perception and voice onset time (VOT) production data demonstrated significant development in both areas ...


Impact Of Lecture Video Acceleration In A Flipped Introductory Engineering Course, Benjamin P. Jacobson, Michael C. Dorneich, Leslie A. Potter Jan 2018

Impact Of Lecture Video Acceleration In A Flipped Introductory Engineering Course, Benjamin P. Jacobson, Michael C. Dorneich, Leslie A. Potter

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

As demand for engineers grows, emphasis is increasingly placed on introductory engineering courses to engage, educate, and retain students. Team-Based Learning (TBL) is a pedagogy that shifts instruction from a lecture-based paradigm to a structured learning sequence that includes individual preparation outside of class followed by active, in-class problemsolving exercises completed by student teams. As part of the individual preparation, students may watch recorded videos of lectures, often at an accelerated speed. While the acceleration of videos has the potential to increase students’ learning efficiency, the impact on comprehension is unclear. Two studies were conducted to understand students’ viewing habits ...


Early Field Experience Course Students’ Perceptions Of School-Based Agricultural Education Laboratory Environments, Trent Wells, Scott W. Smalley, Bryan D. Rank Jan 2018

Early Field Experience Course Students’ Perceptions Of School-Based Agricultural Education Laboratory Environments, Trent Wells, Scott W. Smalley, Bryan D. Rank

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Laboratory instruction is an important component of school-based agricultural education (SBAE) programs (Phipps, Osborne, Dyer, & Ball, 2008). Early field experience (EFE) coursework can be an important component of agricultural teacher preparation programs (Retallick & Miller, 2007). Through the use of a modified photovoice technique, we sought to identify the perceptions of students (i.e., preservice teachers) enrolled in an EFE course in relation to the laboratory environment component of the SBAE model. Students enrolled in a 40-hour EFE course photographed a laboratory environment at their placement site and completed a 250-word descriptive/reflective summary of the laboratory. Through open coding of the summaries, three prominent themes emerged: 1) project-based learning is widely used for instructional purposes; 2) laboratory environments are set up and arranged in particular fashions based on needs; and 3) laboratory environments are arranged as settings for effective learning. Within the photographs, the agricultural mechanics laboratory was most commonly identified as a laboratory environment. The EFE students identified laboratory environments are not always traditional in their scope, and classrooms can serve as laboratory environments. We recommend photovoice be further used as a tool to explore students’ perceptions of the realities of modern SBAE programs.