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Iowa State University

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2015

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Articles 1 - 30 of 93

Full-Text Articles in Education

Directing Convergent And Divergent Activity Through Design Feedback., Shanna R. Daly, Seda Yilmaz Dec 2015

Directing Convergent And Divergent Activity Through Design Feedback., Shanna R. Daly, Seda Yilmaz

Industrial Design Publications

Design education across design disciplines prioritizes project-based courses to support student learning about design processes and strategies (Eastman, Newstetter, & McCracken, 1999; Smith, Sheppard, Johnson, & Johnson, 2005). Success in teaching these courses relies on the ability of instructors to mentor and guide students' design paths, allowing students some freedom to determine design decisions on their own, while facilitating a structure where they can learn successful design strategies.


Assessment Of Certified Crop Adviser Experience With And Knowledge Of Early And Mid-Season Soybean Diseases Caused By Oomycetes: 2015, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr., Nick Kalaitzandonakes, James Kaufman, Alison Robertson Dec 2015

Assessment Of Certified Crop Adviser Experience With And Knowledge Of Early And Mid-Season Soybean Diseases Caused By Oomycetes: 2015, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr., Nick Kalaitzandonakes, James Kaufman, Alison Robertson

Sociology Technical Reports

This report presents the results of a web-based survey of certified crop advisers (CCAs) conducted as part of the Integrated Management of Oomycete Diseases of Soybean and other Crop Plants Project funded by USDA-NIFA. The survey is part of a project-long effort to engage members of the Certified Crop Adviser program of the American Society of Agronomy and other crop advisers in educational and extension activities to improve their ability to accurately diagnose and manage soybean seedling and root diseases, particularly those caused by oomycetes. The report consists of three sections. This first section describes the survey’s objectives and ...


Perspectives Of Extension Agents And Farmers Toward Multifunctional Agriculture In The United States Corn Belt, John W. Doudna, Matthew E. O'Neal, John C. Tyndall, Matthew J. Helmers Dec 2015

Perspectives Of Extension Agents And Farmers Toward Multifunctional Agriculture In The United States Corn Belt, John W. Doudna, Matthew E. O'Neal, John C. Tyndall, Matthew J. Helmers

Entomology Publications

We surveyed the perspectives of farmers, crop professionals, and Extension agents and found that they have positive perspectives concerning multifunctional agriculture, including a positive effect of a nearby prairie to cropland productivity. The survey was conducted in central Iowa and included individuals predominantly from Iowa involved in commodity research and production. Our results are preliminary and provide a baseline for further research into the perspectives of change agents in the U.S. Corn Belt. They also provide insight into similarities among key links in the diffusion of innovation chain.


Systematic Approach To Food Safety Education On The Farm, Angela Shaw, Catherine Strohbehn, Linda Naeve Dec 2015

Systematic Approach To Food Safety Education On The Farm, Angela Shaw, Catherine Strohbehn, Linda Naeve

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Food safety education from farm to end user is essential in the mitigation of food safety concerns associated with fresh produce. Iowa State University developed a multi-disciplinary three-level sequential program ("Know," "Show," "Go") to provide a holistic approach to food safety education. This program provides knowledge on GAP (Know); guides development and documentation of food safety practices (Show); and aids in grower's readiness for third party auditing (Go). Evaluations suggest this program is effective in changing long term food safety knowledge, attitude, and behaviors. The multi-disciplinary sequential approach can be used by other Extension programs to reach.


"Clickers" And Haccp: Educating A Diverse Food Industry Audience With Technology, Angela M. Shaw, Aubrey F. Mendonca, Aura Daraba Dec 2015

"Clickers" And Haccp: Educating A Diverse Food Industry Audience With Technology, Angela M. Shaw, Aubrey F. Mendonca, Aura Daraba

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) is a systematic approach to food safety education for the food industry. To receive a HACCP certificate, participants must receive an 80% or higher on the final examination. Language barriers, educational levels, and age have been noted as primary reasoning's for not passing the final examination. Clicker technology has been shown to improve knowledge transfer to students in various classroom settings. Incorporation of mock final examination questions using Clickers into a traditional HACCP course has been shown in a small pilot study to increase the pass rate.


University Faculty And Their Knowledge & Acceptance Of Biological Evolution, Justin W. Rice, Michael P. Clough, Joane K. Olson, Dean C. Adams, James T. Colbert Dec 2015

University Faculty And Their Knowledge & Acceptance Of Biological Evolution, Justin W. Rice, Michael P. Clough, Joane K. Olson, Dean C. Adams, James T. Colbert

Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Publications

Misconceptions about biological evolution specifically and the nature of science in general are pervasive in our society and culture. The view that biological evolution explains life’s origin(s) and that hypotheses become theories, which then become laws are just two examples of commonly held misconceptions. These misconceptions are reinforced in the media, in people’s personal lives, and in some unfortunate cases in the science classroom. Misconceptions regarding the nature of science (NOS) have been shown to be related to understanding and acceptance of biological evolution. Previous work has looked at several factors that are related to an individual ...


Building Connections, Collections, And Communities: Increasing The Visibility And Impact Of Extension Through Institutional Repositories, Harrison W. Inefuku, Nancy K. Franz Oct 2015

Building Connections, Collections, And Communities: Increasing The Visibility And Impact Of Extension Through Institutional Repositories, Harrison W. Inefuku, Nancy K. Franz

Digital Scholarship and Initiatives Publications

Over the past 20 years, university libraries have developed and manage institutional repositories—digital libraries that provide free, public access to the research, scholarship, and publications of their university's faculty, staff, and students. Although underused by Extension professionals, institutional repositories are powerful tools that can be used to raise the global visibility of Extension scholarship, highlight resources from individual initiatives and projects, provide readership statistics to demonstrate impact, and create digital archives to create topical collections and to facilitate study on the history of Extension.


运用真实多媒体语料与民族志访谈法加强目的语文化学习:一个初步提议 / Using Authentic Multimedia Materials And Ethnographic Interview To Improve Target Culture Learning: A Preliminary Proposal, 胜兰 张 Oct 2015

运用真实多媒体语料与民族志访谈法加强目的语文化学习:一个初步提议 / Using Authentic Multimedia Materials And Ethnographic Interview To Improve Target Culture Learning: A Preliminary Proposal, 胜兰 张

World Languages and Cultures Publications

文化在语言教学中是一个不可缺少的元素,可是在外语教学实践中仍未得到足够重视。本文考察了文化教学在外语教学中存在的问题及其缺乏的原因。本文基于维果茨基社会文化理论,并遵循比较、交际、多层面与借鉴等四项原则,提出了如何利用网络真实语料和民族志访谈的文化教学模型来促进初级中文学习者的文化学习。


Evaluation Of An Interactive Workshop Designed To Teach Practical Welfare Techniques To Beef Cattle Caretakers And Decision Makers, Reneé Dewell, Christy J. Hanthorn, Jared A. Danielson, Rebecca G. Burzette, Johann F. Coetzee, D. Dee Griffin, Alejandro Ramirez, Grant A. Dewell Aug 2015

Evaluation Of An Interactive Workshop Designed To Teach Practical Welfare Techniques To Beef Cattle Caretakers And Decision Makers, Reneé Dewell, Christy J. Hanthorn, Jared A. Danielson, Rebecca G. Burzette, Johann F. Coetzee, D. Dee Griffin, Alejandro Ramirez, Grant A. Dewell

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

The purpose of the project was to evaluate the use of an interactive workshop designed to teach novel practical welfare techniques to beef cattle caretakers and decision makers. Following training, respondents reported being more likely to use or recommend use of local anesthesia for dehorning and castration and were more inclined to use meloxicam for pain management. Respondents also reported improvement in performing all skills taught in the workshop. These results suggest instructional techniques used to teach practical concepts/techniques relevant to beef cattle welfare led to improvements in both perceived competency and estimated likelihood that the material will be ...


Understanding Atmospheric Carbon Budgets: Teaching Students Conservation Of Mass, Collin Peter Reichert, Cinzia Cervato, Dale Niederhauser, Michael D. Larsen Aug 2015

Understanding Atmospheric Carbon Budgets: Teaching Students Conservation Of Mass, Collin Peter Reichert, Cinzia Cervato, Dale Niederhauser, Michael D. Larsen

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

In this paper we describe student use of a series of connected online problem-solving activities to remediate atmospheric carbon budget misconceptions held by undergraduate university students. In particular, activities were designed to address a common misconception about conservation of mass when students assume a simplistic, direct relationship between atmospheric CO2 concentrations and carbon emissions. This particular misconception was challenged through an instructional intervention applying constructivist learning theory principles in an effort to prompt cognitive dissonance and induce conceptual change. This study is based on 1 y of data collected from a survey completed by introductory physical geology students (n ...


Modeling Success: Using Preenrollment Data To Identify Academically At-Risk Students, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Jonathan I. Compton, Darin R. Wohlgemuth, Gregory R. Forbes, Katerina S. Ralston Jul 2015

Modeling Success: Using Preenrollment Data To Identify Academically At-Risk Students, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Jonathan I. Compton, Darin R. Wohlgemuth, Gregory R. Forbes, Katerina S. Ralston

Education Publications

Improving student success and degree completion is one of the core principles of strategic enrollment management. To address this principle, institutional data were used to develop a statistical model to identify academically at-risk students. The model employs multiple linear regression techniques to predict students at risk of earning below a 2.0 grade point average (GPA) in their first semester of college. Data analysis from student cohorts starting in the Fall 2007 through Fall 2009 (N = 11,644) identified two groups of students—one predicted to earn less than a 2.0 and the other predicted to earn a 2 ...


Leading And Thriving: How Leadership Education Can Improve First-Year Student Success, Clinton M. Stephens, Cameron C. Beatty Jul 2015

Leading And Thriving: How Leadership Education Can Improve First-Year Student Success, Clinton M. Stephens, Cameron C. Beatty

Leadership Studies Publications

Leadership development transforms the lives of many students and leadership educators regularly witness these changes. But little research has articulated what is being taught that facilitates this change, how we can make it happen more often, or how we can measure this change. These transformations contribute to desirable outcomes including student persistence and academic achievement. Leadership studies programs have great potential to contribute to these positive student outcomes especially with first-year students.
Using the Social Change Model of Leadership Development, we delineate how the study of leadership aids students in experiencing these transformations, as defined by Schreiner’s Thriving Model ...


Agriculture Study Abroad Program To Poland, Jacek A. Koziel Jul 2015

Agriculture Study Abroad Program To Poland, Jacek A. Koziel

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The Technology Travel Course (TSM 496) is an elective course that meets the university-wide international perspectives requirement. The course has a curricular home in the department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering (ABE), Iowa State University (ISU). It enables instructors to develop and offer a study abroad program structured as a faculty-led trip abroad. This course is also an excellent opportunity for students to learn/compare technology concepts and applications in an international context that is encouraged by the ABE External Advisory Board. The objectives of this paper are to (1) Review the application of TSM 496 to Ag Study Abroad ...


Strengthening Senior Technology Capstone Course Experience For Agricultural And Industrial Technology Students, Lloyd D. Snell, Jacek A. Koziel Jul 2015

Strengthening Senior Technology Capstone Course Experience For Agricultural And Industrial Technology Students, Lloyd D. Snell, Jacek A. Koziel

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The Technology Capstone I/II are required Agricultural Systems Technology and Industrial Technology courses at Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering (ABE), Iowa State University to prepare students for workplace application of learned practices. Instructors are challenged to create a strong and rigorous learning experience in the final year of a typical degree program. Past experiences with Technology Capstone course weaknesses could be summarized as follows: (1) projects were often "made-up" problems, i.e., contrived to meet academic requirements, lacking real-world business client and associated professional/business-world expectations, (2) student engagement was low and affecting other team members, and (3) instructors lacked ...


Administration Of Team-Based Senior Capstone Course: Lessons Learned And Future Challenges, Gretchen A. Mosher Jul 2015

Administration Of Team-Based Senior Capstone Course: Lessons Learned And Future Challenges, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Senior capstone courses provide an important mechanism for students to integrate and apply technical knowledge and skills they have acquired in previous coursework. Additionally, students are required to master a variety of professional skills, including teamwork, unstructured task completion, and project management to facilitate successful completion of a capstone course. Faculty also play an important role in the success of capstone courses. Sourcing and grading projects are common challenges for instructors. This paper will outline the challenges and best practices learned in the development and implementation of a senior-level capstone course in agricultural engineering technology, based on qualitative data gathered ...


Assessing The Impact Of Racism On Black Faculty In White Academe: A Collective Case Study Of African American Female Faculty, Karen Dade, Carlie Tartakov, Connie Hargrave, Patricia Leigh Jul 2015

Assessing The Impact Of Racism On Black Faculty In White Academe: A Collective Case Study Of African American Female Faculty, Karen Dade, Carlie Tartakov, Connie Hargrave, Patricia Leigh

Education Publications

Using a case study approach, the authors o f this article strive to explore the challenges and adverse impact that faculty o f color often experience due to structural inequities, institutional racism, and the lack o f cultural awareness on the part o f White institutions. Furthermore, the purpose o f this article is to demonstrate that even when there is a significant number o f faculty members o f color, stereotyping and discrimination still occur and often impact the promotion, retention, and experiences o f newly recruited faculty o f color. Our narratives as African American female faculty are ...


The Cooperative Extension Program Development Model: Adapting To A Changing Context, Nancy K. Franz, Barry A. Garst, Ryan J. Gagnon Jul 2015

The Cooperative Extension Program Development Model: Adapting To A Changing Context, Nancy K. Franz, Barry A. Garst, Ryan J. Gagnon

Education Publications

For over 100 years, Cooperative Extension in the United States has used a consistently articulated program development model including program planning, design and implementation, and evaluation that involves stakeholders in the process. This issue of the Journal of Human Sciences and Extension examines the history and evolution of the program development model for successful Extension work and adaptations to that model that have emerged due to the changing educational context. This issue provides information on how elements of the model have changed over the last 100 years; delves into contemporary issues and challenges; and provides important analysis, implications, lessons learned ...


A Systematic Review Of Mechatronic-Based Projects In Introductory Engineering And Technology Courses, John R. Haughery, D. Raj Raman Jun 2015

A Systematic Review Of Mechatronic-Based Projects In Introductory Engineering And Technology Courses, John R. Haughery, D. Raj Raman

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

For well over two decades, engineering and technology educators have been deploying hands-on project-based learning activities in freshmen courses, in the hopes of inspiring students,increasing retention, and creating better educated graduates. Some of these educators have also been reporting the results of their efforts through papers published and/or presented in a widevariety of settings. In an attempt to understand the broad results of these efforts, this paper discusses the effects of mechatronic-based projects on the retention of engineering and technology students. To facilitate this discussion, we conducted a systematic review of well over 120 related sources of literature ...


Cross-Institutional Exploratory Of Faculty Compensation Models To Incentivize Distance Learning Participation, Mitchell L. Springer, Mark T. Schuver, Thomas J. Brumm Jun 2015

Cross-Institutional Exploratory Of Faculty Compensation Models To Incentivize Distance Learning Participation, Mitchell L. Springer, Mark T. Schuver, Thomas J. Brumm

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

In higher education, courses and curriculum are purportedly the intellectual property of the academic departments. Academic departments, then, provide instructors or faculty to teach. The assignment of faculty to teach in distance-based programs directly implies there needs to exist some level of financial incentive for the home department of those faculty, as well as direct incentive to the faculty who are involved in teaching. After all expenses are accounted for, then,what model for faculty compensation provides the greatest level of incentive to participate in professional studies? Building on previous scholarship and over a year of additional research,this paper ...


Examining The Use Of Engineering Internship Workplace Competency Assessments For Continuous Improvement, Mark A. Laingen, Steven A. Freeman, Thomas J. Brumm, Mack Shelley Jun 2015

Examining The Use Of Engineering Internship Workplace Competency Assessments For Continuous Improvement, Mark A. Laingen, Steven A. Freeman, Thomas J. Brumm, Mack Shelley

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This study explored how workplace competency assessment data from internship studentsand their supervisors, collected by College of Engineering programs between fall 2001 throughfall 2011 are applied toward continuous improvement practices. The continuous improvementprocess is integral to the accreditation and evaluation of the engineering curriculum. This mixedmethods study examined three separate practices using internship workplace competencyassessment ratings in the continuous improvement process. The study examined how assessmentrankings of the internship students’ workplace competency strengths and weakness have changedfrom the 2001-05 assessment terms in the past accreditation cycle, to the 2006-11 assessmentterms of the most recent accreditation cycle. In addition, this study ...


Online Review Course For Iowa Certified Crop Adviser Exam Now Available, Robert G. Hartzler Jun 2015

Online Review Course For Iowa Certified Crop Adviser Exam Now Available, Robert G. Hartzler

Integrated Crop Management News

Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, with support from the Iowa Certified Crop Advisers Board, has developed an online review course for individuals taking the Iowa Certified Crop Advisor (CCA) examination.

The course consists of four modules included in the exam:

  1. crop management
  2. pest management
  3. nutrient management
  4. soil and water management.


Cooperative Extension Program Development And The Community-University Engagement Movement: Perspectives From Two Lifelong Extension Professionals, Karen Bruns, Nancy K. Franz Jun 2015

Cooperative Extension Program Development And The Community-University Engagement Movement: Perspectives From Two Lifelong Extension Professionals, Karen Bruns, Nancy K. Franz

Education Publications

For over 100 years, Cooperative Extension has been bringing university research and resources to communities to help them address critical issues. Historically, Extension was one of the first university engagement models in the country. In the last 20 years, community-university engagement models on campus have intersected and competed with Extension work. These engagement models are challenging Extension’s long-established Program Development Model. Extension is only one vehicle or methodology for engagement work. For Extension to continue to leverage an important place in community-university engagement, it must more fully align the Program Development Model with the standards for assessing successful community-university ...


Looking Ahead: Envisioning The Future Of The Extension Program Development Model, Ryan J. Gagnon, Barry A. Garst, Nancy K. Franz Jun 2015

Looking Ahead: Envisioning The Future Of The Extension Program Development Model, Ryan J. Gagnon, Barry A. Garst, Nancy K. Franz

Education Publications

This article synthesizes key points from this special issue of the Journal of Human Sciences and Extension and provides recommendations for and predictions about the evolution of the Extension Program Development Model. A foundational question addressed by each of the authors of this special issue and summarized in this chapter is, “If your recommendations regarding the Extension Program Development Model were followed, what would Extension look like in five years?”


Factors Impacting Program Delivery: The Importance Of Implementation Research In Extension, Ryan J. Gagnon, Nancy K. Franz, Barry A. Garst, Matthew F. Bumpus Jun 2015

Factors Impacting Program Delivery: The Importance Of Implementation Research In Extension, Ryan J. Gagnon, Nancy K. Franz, Barry A. Garst, Matthew F. Bumpus

Education Publications

Cooperative Extension is in a unique position, given its relationship with research-based, Land-Grant Universities, to advance the scholarship of implementation research. A stronger shift towards evidence-based practice has been occurring, oriented towards the assessment of programs for outcomes. This paper explores core concepts related to program implementation and delves into factors that influence successful implementation of Extension programs and services. The importance of implementation within the Extension Program Development Model is explored, along with emerging issues and trends.


Programming For The Public Good: Ensuring Public Value Through The Cooperative Extension Program Development Model, Nancy K. Franz Jun 2015

Programming For The Public Good: Ensuring Public Value Through The Cooperative Extension Program Development Model, Nancy K. Franz

Education Publications

Effective Cooperative Extension programs produce important private and public value for individuals, families, businesses, and communities. However, the public value of Extension programming often goes unmeasured and unarticulated. Extension needs to reclaim its role as a key provider of public value for Land Grant Universities through strong educational programs driven by infusing public value into all elements of the Extension Program Development Model. This article describes Extension’s public value movement including organizational, professional, program, and scholarship development efforts to enhance public good effectiveness articulation. Lessons learned, implications, and next steps for Extension’s public value success through a strong ...


Bridging The Gap Between Entrepreneurship Education And Small Rural Businesses: An Experiential Service-Learning Approach, Linda S. Niehm, Ann M. Fiore, Jessica L. Hurst, Youngji Lee, Amrut Sadachar Apr 2015

Bridging The Gap Between Entrepreneurship Education And Small Rural Businesses: An Experiential Service-Learning Approach, Linda S. Niehm, Ann M. Fiore, Jessica L. Hurst, Youngji Lee, Amrut Sadachar

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This paper provides theory-based practical applications and concepts underlying the development of experiential service-learning projects for university students majoring in retailing and hospitality management. The goal of the service-learning projects was to enhance students ' entrepreneurial identity and entrepreneurial management competencies through the development of comprehensive business sustainability plans and makeovers that integrate competitive, brand-building, and experiential marketing strategies for small rural businesses in the Main Street program. The service-learning projects were also designed to enhance student entrepreneurial self-efficacy, create awareness of opportunities in rural communities, and improve the entrepreneurial performance of rural businesses. Assessments of the service-learning projects confirmed their ...


Student Engagement In Higher Education: Theoretical Perspectives And Practical Approaches For Diverse Populations. (2nd Edition), Brian A. Burt Apr 2015

Student Engagement In Higher Education: Theoretical Perspectives And Practical Approaches For Diverse Populations. (2nd Edition), Brian A. Burt

Education Publications

As enrollment in postsecondary education increases, so does the diversity of students. Because merely attracting students to college is not enough if we want them to flourish and graduate, institutional leaders and college and university constituents aim to create welcoming teaching and learning environments to retain students while preparing them for the diverse workforce they will enter upon graduation.


Wakonse: A Case Study In Organizational Sustainability, Michelle L. Boettcher, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Apr 2015

Wakonse: A Case Study In Organizational Sustainability, Michelle L. Boettcher, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

Organizations are built on interactions among leaders, members and the larger culture (Schein, 1990; Sessa & London, 2006). Beyond the people and communities of which they are a part, organizations carry history and face issues of both internal and external change. The combination of people, culture, organizational history and change set the stage for whether organizations can successfully learn and remain sustainable. Very little research has been done on a case study level regarding how organizations – specifically those that address higher education needs – begin, evolve, and adapt to change. This study seeks to fill that gap by looking at the specific ...


Food Defense Best Practices Reported By Public School Food Authorities In Seven Northern U.S. States, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Carol J. Klitzke Apr 2015

Food Defense Best Practices Reported By Public School Food Authorities In Seven Northern U.S. States, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Carol J. Klitzke

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Purpose/Objectives This study reported food defense planning, training and best practices implemented in public schools in Montana, Wyoming, South Dakota, North Dakota, Iowa, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. Methods An internet-administered survey was sent to 1,501 school food authorities or food service directors (FSDs) in public schools. Survey items included frequency of implementation of 31 food defense best practices adapted from the work of Yoon and Shanklin (2007) and Yoon (2007). Focus was on practices relating to employee management, utility security, facility security, and communication. Additional items requested information about food defense planning, food defense training, operational, and demographic characteristics ...


A View Of Oral Communication Activities In Food Science From The Perspective Of A Communication Researcher, Denise A. Vrchota Apr 2015

A View Of Oral Communication Activities In Food Science From The Perspective Of A Communication Researcher, Denise A. Vrchota

English Publications

Food science researchers have pronounced the Institute of Food Technologists Success Skills to be the most important competency mastered by graduates entering the work force. Much of the content and outcomes of the Success Skills pertains to oral communication skills of public speaking and interpersonal and group communication. This qualitative study reports the results of an examination of oral communication activities in the classes of 9 faculty in the food science program at Iowa State Univ. The findings revealed communication activities in the classes that support the Success Skills oral communication mandates; however, the food science faculty did not explicitly ...