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Curriculum and Social Inquiry

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Full-Text Articles in Education

International Reverse Transfer Students: A Critical Analysis Based On Field, Habitus, And Social And Cultural Capital, Yu April Chen, Ran Li, Linda Serra Hagedorn Jun 2020

International Reverse Transfer Students: A Critical Analysis Based On Field, Habitus, And Social And Cultural Capital, Yu April Chen, Ran Li, Linda Serra Hagedorn

Education Publications

Objective: International reverse transfer students are international students who begin their postsecondary journey at a four-year institution but subsequently transfer to a community college. In this qualitative study, we examine the lived experiences of international reverse transfers to understand the reasons for reverse-transfer and to understand the students’ learning experiences. Methods: Using a phenomenological approach, we recruited 10 international reverse transfer students attending one four-year university or one of the two community colleges. We conducted individual interviews with all participants and analyzed transcript data through Bourdieu’s sociological theory of field, habitus, and social and cultural capital. Results: We identified ...


Tools, Processes, Participation: Social Media For Learning, Teaching, And Social Change, Benjamin W. Gleason, Marie K. Heath Mar 2019

Tools, Processes, Participation: Social Media For Learning, Teaching, And Social Change, Benjamin W. Gleason, Marie K. Heath

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Despite attempted pedagogical shifts toward situated learning, social constructivism, and social practice theory, we find pedagogy for social media to remain primarily situated in behaviorist or cognitivist assumptions of learning. Moreover, in an attempt to craft our own participatory pedagogies of social media, we found ourselves returning to metaphors and language rooted in ontological assumptions of objectivism. That is to say, we continually referred to social media as a tool with affordances to be leveraged for learning. In this paper we examine three understandings of social media - as we see them - in literature, pedagogy, and practice. We categorize these understandings ...


The Push And Pull Of Social Gravity: How Peer Relationships Form Around An Undergraduate Science Lecture, Michael G. Brown Jan 2019

The Push And Pull Of Social Gravity: How Peer Relationships Form Around An Undergraduate Science Lecture, Michael G. Brown

Education Publications

Undergraduate students benefit from academic-centered peer interactions, especially in large lecture courses. However, little is known about how students come together and form relationships around a course. I conduct a mixed-methods study of students' peer networks to explore how students choose peers for academic-focused interactions. The network of connections among students in a large undergraduate physics class decreases over time, leaving students looking for study partners later in the course at a disadvantage. While community structure might limit relationship formation late in the semester, students who connected across campus capitalized on network internalities that facilitated opportunities for collaboration.


Adolescents Becoming Feminist On Twitter: New Literacies Practices, Commitments, And Identity Work, Benjamin W. Gleason Jul 2018

Adolescents Becoming Feminist On Twitter: New Literacies Practices, Commitments, And Identity Work, Benjamin W. Gleason

Education Publications

The author investigated the relation between young people's new literacies practices and identity development on Twitter and found that participants used three new literacies practices (live‐tweeting, hashtagging, and information sharing) in unique ways to develop feminist identities in this social media space. Participants mobilized popular culture to initiate dialogue about feminist issues, such as the wage gap, to participate in social activism (e.g., advocating for women's reproductive care), and to provide informal counsel to peers. Twitter can be a vital space for young people to become feminists, providing opportunities to learn, develop, and participate.


Understanding Collaborations Between Chinese And The U.S. Universities: The Development Of A Typology, Hui Kang, Genshu Lu, Linda S. Hagedorn May 2018

Understanding Collaborations Between Chinese And The U.S. Universities: The Development Of A Typology, Hui Kang, Genshu Lu, Linda S. Hagedorn

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

There has been a recent and rapid increase in the number and forms of educational collaborations between the U.S. and China in recent decades. Through the years these collaborations have evolved from the simplest forms of welcome of international students and faculty to complex agreements and even new postsecondary institutions. In this manuscript, we develop a typology to better understand the various varieties of educational collaborations using examples of the various forms between universities in the U.S. and China.


From Margins To Center: Developing Cultural Citizenship Education Through The Teaching Of Asian American History, Noreen N. Rodriguez Feb 2018

From Margins To Center: Developing Cultural Citizenship Education Through The Teaching Of Asian American History, Noreen N. Rodriguez

Education Publications

Citizenship education is considered a primary purpose for social studies education. However, in elementary classrooms, it is often limited to the memorization of mainstream civic knowledge and learning about a handful of American heroes. This qualitative study of three Asian American educators uses Asian Critical Race Theory to explore how the teachers drew from their own cultural and linguistic experiences to inform pedagogies of cultural citizenship education that interrogated what it means to be a citizen. By (re)defining the terms Asian American and American (citizen), the teachers enacted cultural citizenship education through the use of counternarratives and children’s ...


Digital Citizenship With Social Media: Participatory Practices Of Teaching And Learning In Secondary Education, Benjamin W. Gleason, Sam Von Gillern Jan 2018

Digital Citizenship With Social Media: Participatory Practices Of Teaching And Learning In Secondary Education, Benjamin W. Gleason, Sam Von Gillern

Education Publications

This article explores how social media use in formal and informal learning spaces can support the development of digital citizenship for secondary school students. As students increasingly spend large amounts of time online (e.g., an average of six hours of screen time per day, excluding school and homework), it is critical that they are developing skills enabling them to find, evaluate, and share information responsibly, engage in constructive conversation with others from diverse backgrounds, and to ensure their online participation is safe, ethical, and legal. And, yet, in spite of the importance of students learning these skills, opportunities for ...


Sense Of Belonging In Computing: The Role Of Introductory Courses For Women And Underrepresented Minority Students, Linda J. Sax, Jennifer M. Blaney, Kathleen J. Lehman, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kari L. George, Christina Zavala Jan 2018

Sense Of Belonging In Computing: The Role Of Introductory Courses For Women And Underrepresented Minority Students, Linda J. Sax, Jennifer M. Blaney, Kathleen J. Lehman, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kari L. George, Christina Zavala

Education Publications

This study examines an aspect of gender and racial/ethnic gaps in undergraduate computing by focusing on sense of belonging among women and underrepresented minority (URM) introductory computing students. We examine change in sense of belonging during the introductory course as well as the predictors of belonging, with attention to conditional effects by gender and URM status. Results show that sense of belonging outcomes are a product of both incoming student characteristics and college environments and experiences, highlighting the important role the computing faculty play in fostering belonging. These and other findings are discussed, focusing on sense of belonging among ...


Stem Identity Development For Latinas: The Role Of Self- And Outside Recognition, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kelly Cunningham, Alec Jordan Nov 2017

Stem Identity Development For Latinas: The Role Of Self- And Outside Recognition, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kelly Cunningham, Alec Jordan

Education Publications

This qualitative, phenomenological research study explored how 17 Latina undergraduate science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) majors developed their STEM identities. The study focused on the role that self- and outside recognition as a STEM individual played in the process. Interviews revealed students’ self-recognition in many forms. Outside recognition came primarily from STEM peers, faculty members, and family members. Self- and outside recognition were often negotiated through the lens of intersectional identities held by the participants.


Military-Connected Student Academic Success At 4-Year Institutions: A Multi-Institution Study, Denise N. Williams-Klotz, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Oct 2017

Military-Connected Student Academic Success At 4-Year Institutions: A Multi-Institution Study, Denise N. Williams-Klotz, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

We examined how the experiences—academic, financial, social, and personal—and relationship factors of military-connected students attending a 4-year institution are associated with their academic success. This multi-institution study highlights the demographic characteristics, experiences, and campus relationships that are associated with military-connected students’ GPA.


Examining Factors Related To Academic Success Of Military-Connected Students At Community Colleges, Denise N. Williams-Klotz, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Jul 2017

Examining Factors Related To Academic Success Of Military-Connected Students At Community Colleges, Denise N. Williams-Klotz, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

The number of military-connected students enrolling in community colleges has increased dramatically in the past decade, and this trend is expected to continue. This research focused on examining factors that contribute to the academic success of community college students. Specifically, the purpose of this quantitative study was to identify the demographic characteristics; campus relationships; and financial, academic and personal experiences that are associated with grade point average (GPA) and intent to return for military-connected students at seven community colleges. Identifying as a Student of Color (any race or ethnicity other than White) and experience meeting professors’ academic expectations were negatively ...


Hybrid Learning In Higher Education: The Potential Of Teaching And Learning With Robot-Mediated Communication, Christine M. Greenhow, Benjamin W. Gleason Apr 2017

Hybrid Learning In Higher Education: The Potential Of Teaching And Learning With Robot-Mediated Communication, Christine M. Greenhow, Benjamin W. Gleason

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Blended learning, which combines online and face-to-face pedagogy, is a fast-growing mode of instruction as universities strive for equitable and alternative pathways to course enrollment, retention, and educational attainment. However, challenges to successfully implementing blended instruction are that social presence, or students’ ability to project their personal characteristics into the learning space, is reduced with potential negative effects on student engagement, persistence, and academic achievement. Instructors are experimenting with robot-mediated communication (RMC) to address these challenges. Results from a study of RMC at a large public university suggest that it offers advantages over traditionally used video-conferencing, including affordances for fostering ...


The Benefits Of Investing In High Quality Professional Development For Community College Faculty In Texas, Erin E. Doran Apr 2017

The Benefits Of Investing In High Quality Professional Development For Community College Faculty In Texas, Erin E. Doran

Education Publications

This study is drawn from data collected for a larger study on the implementation of integrated reading and writing at the developmental level at one Texas community college. To protect sources, the name of the targeted college has been changed, and a pseudonym has been substituted. Three faculty members interviewed for this study were trained and taught within the Dream Catchers program at Adelante College, one of the first colleges to adopt the Dream Catchers Program, which bases its pedagogy and professional development practices on the model of the Puente Project, a national model for student success housed at the ...


The Intentional And The Grassroots Hispanic-Serving Institutions: A Critical History Of Two Universities, Erin E. Doran, Oscar Medina Jan 2017

The Intentional And The Grassroots Hispanic-Serving Institutions: A Critical History Of Two Universities, Erin E. Doran, Oscar Medina

Education Publications

This study examines the institutional histories of Loma Verde University and Azul City University and their development over time into Hispanic-Serving Institutions. Utilizing a theoretical framework of transformational change, we focus on various aspects of these institutions, including curriculum, the allocation of physical spaces, and the creation of programs that specifically serve Latinx students. The study makes use of archival documents that tell the story of the struggles at each institution to cultivate a campus that addressed the needs of Latinx students to promote their long-term academic success. The findings suggest that these institutions were on paths that were heavily ...


Latino Men And Their Fathers: Exploring How Community Cultural Wealth Influences Their Community College Success, Victor B. Saenz, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Claudia Garcia-Louis Jan 2017

Latino Men And Their Fathers: Exploring How Community Cultural Wealth Influences Their Community College Success, Victor B. Saenz, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Claudia Garcia-Louis

Education Publications

Academic scholarship has demonstrated the importance of father engagement in fostering early educational success of their children, but little exploration in this area has focused on the role that fathers play in the college success of their Latino male sons. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the role of fathers in the educational success of Latino men attending community colleges. Using community cultural wealth as a lens for this study, the experiences of 130 Latino men at community colleges in Texas were highlighted. Results demonstrated how fathers provided support, consejos (advice), and encouragement to their sons. Nonetheless ...


Culturally Responsive Teaching: Using Social Justice Research To Prepare Underrepresented And First-Generation Students For Graduate School Success, Ashley Garrin Jun 2016

Culturally Responsive Teaching: Using Social Justice Research To Prepare Underrepresented And First-Generation Students For Graduate School Success, Ashley Garrin

CIRTL Reports

This research examined the use of culturally responsive teaching for underrepresented and/or first-generation, low-income students who are in the ISU McNair Program and graduate school bound. The implementation of culturally responsive learning allowed the integration and mastering of the scientific research process and development of a sociopolitical consciousness, in order to prepare the students for graduate school success. Through a hands-on and team-based pedagogical approach, the scholars created academic research projects focused on Impostor Syndrome, stereotype threat, and barriers to first-generation doctoral students in an effort to critically examine their existence in higher education, as well as increase their ...


Racial Microaggressions Within The Advisor-Advisee Relationship: Implications For Engineering Research, Policy, And Practice, Brian Burt, Alade S. Mcken, Jordan A. Burkhart, Jennifer Hormell, Alec J. Knight Jun 2016

Racial Microaggressions Within The Advisor-Advisee Relationship: Implications For Engineering Research, Policy, And Practice, Brian Burt, Alade S. Mcken, Jordan A. Burkhart, Jennifer Hormell, Alec J. Knight

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

The underrepresentation of Black men in engineering highlights a missing segment of the population who could contribute to the knowledge economy.1 An increase in Black men in engineering could lead to an increase in Black faculty members - and in general, role models - who cold teach and inspire future generations of students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). To address this national concern, stakeholders must first identify prevailing issues such as racial microaggressions, which threaten the long-term participation of Black men in science and engineering.


Life Happens (Outside Of College): Non-College Life-Events And Students’ Likelihood Of Graduation, Bradley E. Cox, Robert D. Reason, Samantha Nix, Megan Gillman Feb 2016

Life Happens (Outside Of College): Non-College Life-Events And Students’ Likelihood Of Graduation, Bradley E. Cox, Robert D. Reason, Samantha Nix, Megan Gillman

Education Publications

Students’ lives outside of college can have dramatic effects on academic outcomes (e.g., grades, persistence, graduation). However, the manner in which students’ lives outside of college are referenced in college-effects models suggests some uncertainty among scholars as to which, and how, student experiences outside of an institution affect college student outcomes. Using longitudinal data from a racially diverse sample of 3914 students (997 White, 1051 Black, 915 Hispanic, and 951 Asian) attending 28 institutions, this study employs logistic regression models to examine relationships between three types of non-college life-events and students’ likelihood of graduation. Specifically, we examine the impact ...


Positive Youth Development Life Skills Gained At The Iowa 4-H Youth Conference, Brenda S. Allen, Brenda J. Lohman Jan 2016

Positive Youth Development Life Skills Gained At The Iowa 4-H Youth Conference, Brenda S. Allen, Brenda J. Lohman

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Research suggests 4-H programs build Life Skills such as leadership, communication, citizenship and learning. However, 4-H programs vary from long-term on-going experiences to shorter, more intense opportunities. This paper discusses a program evaluation articulating the life skill development of participants in a 3-day residential State 4-H Conference on a Midwestern college campus. The Life Skills assessed were in the areas of leadership, citizenship, communication, and learning as part of overall Life Skill development. Participants were youth ages 14-18 years. A retrospective pretest-posttest was used to evaluate skill development and understanding. Analysis, including paired sample t-tests, indicated growth in each of ...


The Effects Of Item Preview On Video-Based Multiple-Choice Listening Assessments, Dennis Koyama, Angela Sun, Gary Ockey Jan 2016

The Effects Of Item Preview On Video-Based Multiple-Choice Listening Assessments, Dennis Koyama, Angela Sun, Gary Ockey

English Publications

Multiple-choice formats remain a popular design for assessing listening comprehension, yet no consensus has been reached on how multiple-choice formats should be employed. Some researchers argue that test takers must be provided with a preview of the items prior to the input (Buck, 1995; Sherman, 1997); others argue that a preview may decrease the authenticity of the task by changing the way input is processed (Hughes, 2003). Using stratified random sampling techniques, more and less proficient Japanese university English learners (N = 206) were assigned one of three test conditions: preview of question stem and answer options (n = 67), preview of ...


Teens’ Participatory Play: Digital Media Learning Through Civic Engagement., Benjamin W. Gleason Jan 2016

Teens’ Participatory Play: Digital Media Learning Through Civic Engagement., Benjamin W. Gleason

Education Publications

While nearly 90 percent of adolescents have Internet access both inside and outside school,1 an emerging problem is the lack of opportunities for teens to become involved in digital media projects that support teenagers’ social, cultural, and political participation in the world. Even as some are troubled by the lack of young people’s involvement in traditional civic activities such as voting,2 others have seen civic engagement differently, drawing attention to teenagers’ interest in projects that are more personally meaningful, such as volunteering, activism, or consumerism.3 A new model of citizenship is taking shape in which young ...


Engaging Latino Men In Community Colleges: The Role Of Student-Faculty Interactions, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kristine Massey, Victor B. Saenz Jan 2016

Engaging Latino Men In Community Colleges: The Role Of Student-Faculty Interactions, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kristine Massey, Victor B. Saenz

Education Publications

Community college faculty members are essential to promoting student engagement and success, yet little research in this area has focused on the interactions of Latino men with their faculty members. The study utilized Harris and Wood’s (2013) Socio-Ecological Outcomes (SEO) model which focuses on the educational success of men of color in community colleges, to examine how Latino men made meaning of their interactions with faculty members and how these interactions influenced their community college success. Latino men made meaning of their faculty experiences based on (a) the accessibility and approachability of the faculty member, (b) their own hesitancy ...


Community-Engaged Signature Work: How A High-Impact Practice May Support Student Well-Being, Ashley Finley, Robert D. Reason Jan 2016

Community-Engaged Signature Work: How A High-Impact Practice May Support Student Well-Being, Ashley Finley, Robert D. Reason

Education Publications

When facilitated intentionally and inclusively, signature work—in which students develop culminating products over time, guided by faculty feedback and driven by their own inquiry—has the potential to be a high-impact practice with transformative results. That potential may be heightened when signature work involves community engagement. As we argue in this article, campus practitioners should consider how students’ participation in community-engaged signature work may positively affect certain noncognitive outcomes as well as cognitive outcomes.


Overworked And Stressed Teachers Under Market Economy: Case Study In Northwest China, Gulbahar Beckett, Juanjuan Zhao Jan 2015

Overworked And Stressed Teachers Under Market Economy: Case Study In Northwest China, Gulbahar Beckett, Juanjuan Zhao

English Publications

This chapter is based on a case study conducted in Xisheng (pseudonym promised to the participants for anonymity purposes) in Northwest China to explore teachers’ perspectives on teaching under the market economy system. The original plan was to study local indigenous teachers, but that was not possible due to political sensitivity of the region at the time of data collection. As a result, we interviewed mostly Han teachers, including as many local indigenous teachers as possible. We think that the study is still useful as it was the first study of its kind and that it was informative regarding the ...


"Genre As Social Action": A Gaze Into Phenomenology, David R. Russell Jan 2015

"Genre As Social Action": A Gaze Into Phenomenology, David R. Russell

English Publications

Genre as Social Action opened up a whole new connection for me, which even now, some 20 years later, I am still exploring. That connection is between genre and everyday human activity, especially the relation between schooling and the other social institutions beyond it. In the early 1990s I was very taken with Bazerman’s idea of genre systems (1994), based on Miller’s 1984 article. I went around the house, the office, the kids’ school activities, imagining genres working together in my (and their) everyday life—including going to the store with my daughter, Madeleine (then 10). She loved ...


Furthering And Applying Move/Step Constructs: Technology-Driven Marshalling Of Swalesian Genre Theory For Eap Pedagogy, Elena Cotos, Sarah Huffman, Stephanie Link Jan 2015

Furthering And Applying Move/Step Constructs: Technology-Driven Marshalling Of Swalesian Genre Theory For Eap Pedagogy, Elena Cotos, Sarah Huffman, Stephanie Link

English Publications

John Swales' seminal work has inspired a wealth of research with important pedagogical implications for genre-based writing instruction. Continuing the prolific move analysis tradition in EAP research, this article presents empirically devised and validated cross-disciplinary IMRD move/step frameworks for the research article genre and demonstrates how Swales' move and step concepts underlying these frameworks formed the foundation of innovative genre-based automated writing evaluation technology. Overall, this paper makes the relationships between genre theory, genre analysis, and genre instruction explicit, demonstrating that move analysis is a powerful and promising theoretical, analytic, and teaching construct. With that, we take Swales' vision ...


Spoken Parentheticals In Instructional Discourse In Stem And Non-Stem Disciplines, Tammy Slater, John Levis, Greta M. Levis Jan 2015

Spoken Parentheticals In Instructional Discourse In Stem And Non-Stem Disciplines, Tammy Slater, John Levis, Greta M. Levis

English Publications

Parentheticals, information that is not directly relevant to the topic being addressed, appear in all academic lectures and help listeners distinguish important from less important information. Their use is a critical skill for all teachers. Despite their importance, research on parentheticals in teaching is scarce. This chapter explores the instructional discourse of native English-speaking teaching assistants and international teaching assistants regarding the use of parentheticals, primarily in terms of the intonational and informational patterns they exhibit. Our analysis involved discourse data collected from sixteen classes, eight from chemistry (four taught by native English-speaking TAs and four taught by ITAs) and ...


Enhancing Writing Padagogy With Learner Corpus Data, Elena Cotos May 2014

Enhancing Writing Padagogy With Learner Corpus Data, Elena Cotos

English Publications

Learner corpora have become prominent in language teaching and learning, enhancing data-driven learning (DDL) pedagogy by promoting ‘learning driven data’ in the classroom. This study explores the potential of a local learner corpus by investigating the effects of two types of DDL activities, one relying on a native-speaker corpus (NSC) and the second combining native-speaker and learner corpora. Both types of activities aimed at improving second language writers’ knowledge of linking adverbials and were based on a preliminary analysis of adverbial use in the local learner corpus produced by 31 study participants. Quantitative and qualitative data, obtained from writing samples ...


Beyond Single Domains: Writing In Boundary Crossing, David Oakey, David R. Russell Jan 2014

Beyond Single Domains: Writing In Boundary Crossing, David Oakey, David R. Russell

English Publications

The chapter explains the role of text production in intellectual, cultural, and social mobility in a digital age. Written communication is becoming increasingly important across the domains, where in order to produce text people must cross boundaries which are encountered neither during habitual practices of text production nor during formal education. The three boundary-crossings the chapter focuses on are (1) crossing professional domains through multi/inter/transdisciplinary text production, primarily in research settings, (2) crossing geographic frontiers through the globalization of education and work, and (3) crossing professional boundaries through personal career transitions due to unexpected changes. (This is in ...


A Preliminary Report On The Cases For Teaching Responsible Communication Of Science Project, Jean Goodwin, Michael Dahlstrom, Mari R. Kemis, Clark Wolf, Christine Hutchison Jan 2013

A Preliminary Report On The Cases For Teaching Responsible Communication Of Science Project, Jean Goodwin, Michael Dahlstrom, Mari R. Kemis, Clark Wolf, Christine Hutchison

Philosophy and Religious Studies Publications

As scientists heed the call to achieve broader impacts for their work, they will leave their labs and begin to communicate with more diverse, non-expert audiences. To accomplish this, scientists will undoubtedly need help in developing their skills of effective communication. But they also need opportunities to reflect on the roles they may appropriately play in public life, on the responsibilities they are undertaking when they address publics, and on the ideals of good communication to which they are committed. In short, they need help in developing their principles for science communication ethics. Our interdisciplinary team at Iowa State University ...