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Full-Text Articles in Education

Technology-Mediated Tblt In A Hybrid Environment: Bridging Content And Language Production, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Jan 2019

Technology-Mediated Tblt In A Hybrid Environment: Bridging Content And Language Production, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This article examines the use of technology-mediated, task-based language teaching (TBLT) in a hybrid environment as an instructional approach in an intermediate-level Spanish course. It (a) evaluates elements of a hybrid course that was developed with computer-assisted language learning (CALL) materials to help learners improve their Spanish, focusing on two areas of specialization––engineering and business; (b) examines the effectiveness of the course materials and curriculum with a focus on CALL readings; (c) demonstrates that the technology-mediated TBLT approach in the hybrid learning environment was successful in linking content and language; and (d) establishes that the learners’ speaking skills had ...


Augmented Reality In Foreign Language Education: A Review Of Empirical Studies (增强现实技术在外语教学中的应用:文献综述性研究), Shenglan Zhang Dec 2018

Augmented Reality In Foreign Language Education: A Review Of Empirical Studies (增强现实技术在外语教学中的应用:文献综述性研究), Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This literature review examines how Augmented Reality (AR) has been used in foreign language learning. AR is a live view of reality that is augmented by computer-generated sound, image, or videos. It allows the user to interact with the real physical environment in an enhanced way. This study provides an overview of what AR is, its history, different definitions, and how it has been used in education in general. It summarizes how AR has been used in all aspects of foreign language education, including skill development (listening, speaking, reading and writing), vocabulary, grammar, culture, the aspect of affect in language ...


La Evaluación De La Destreza Oral Una Comparación Entre Cursos "Híbridos A Distancia" Y "Presenciales Alao", Cristina Pardo-Ballester Dec 2018

La Evaluación De La Destreza Oral Una Comparación Entre Cursos "Híbridos A Distancia" Y "Presenciales Alao", Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In the last decade, university institutions have been increasing, which demand from the teaching staff a greater offer of courses where technology is effectively incorporated into teaching. Critical studies published today, relating to the use of different technological tools in conjunction with language teaching, repeatedly contain the terms "distance learning" or "online course", as well as the terms "hybrid" or "combined" for make reference to the same model, to the same type of course. This study distinguishes two terms to refer to two models of courses: "hybrid at a distance" and "face-to-face ALAO". The oral dexterity of 132 participants was ...


More American Students Are Studying Abroad, New Data Show, Chad M. Gasta Nov 2018

More American Students Are Studying Abroad, New Data Show, Chad M. Gasta

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Kelsey Hrubes knew she had a challenge on her hands when she visited Germany as a study abroad student back in 2015.

“I was forced to adapt to cultural norms I had never considered before and try to comprehend everything in a new language,” recalls Hrubes, a software engineer at Microsoft and 2017 Iowa State graduate in German and computer science.

Hrubes says if she hadn’t studied abroad and learned to adjust to new surroundings, she wouldn’t be nearly as confident as she is in her career.


Perception, Production, And Perception-Production: Research Findings And Implications For Language Pedagogy, Charles Nagle Aug 2018

Perception, Production, And Perception-Production: Research Findings And Implications For Language Pedagogy, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

When we are born our perceptual systems are capable of discriminating sounds that occur in English, Spanish, Hindi, or any other language. During the first year, our perception begins to zero in on the particular set of sounds that are contrastive in our native language(s) (L1s) (Kuhl et al., 2006). For example, a child whose parents are L1 English speakers will pick up on the fact that /b/ and /p/ are contrastive in English (e.g., “bet” vs. “pet”) and that the major difference is in the burst of air that occurs when the stop is released (i.e ...


Pronunciationforteachers.Com/ Key Concepts Factors Affecting Pronunciation Development, Charles Nagle Aug 2018

Pronunciationforteachers.Com/ Key Concepts Factors Affecting Pronunciation Development, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

As Derwing (2010) observed nearly ten years ago, one of the goals of pronunciation research is to identify how different aspects of second language (L2) speech develop over time, providing teachers with information on the pronunciation problems that will work themselves out, versus those that will likely pose an ongoing challenge. At the same time, research must account for the cognitive, socio-affective, and experiential variables that shape pronunciation learning outcomes (Moyer, 2014a, 2014b).


Best Practices For Planning, Developing, And Sustaining Interdisciplinary Language-Based Study Abroad Programs, Chad M. Gasta Jan 2018

Best Practices For Planning, Developing, And Sustaining Interdisciplinary Language-Based Study Abroad Programs, Chad M. Gasta

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In seventeen years of experience as a study abroad program director, I have seen how university students, faculty members, and administrators have come to share a strategic mission for study or work abroad; namely that programs must provide a meaningful international credential that not only yields a more fruitful undergraduate experience but also creates the potential for a better and higher-paying job upon graduation. I have spoken with many job recruiters over the years who tout the importance of developing an international skill set that requires a profound understanding of other cultures and languages. General news outlets and trade magazines ...


Motivation, Comprehensibility, And Accentedness In L2 Spanish: Investigating Motivation As A Time-Varying Predictor Of Pronunciation Development, Charles Nagle Jan 2018

Motivation, Comprehensibility, And Accentedness In L2 Spanish: Investigating Motivation As A Time-Varying Predictor Of Pronunciation Development, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This study examined relationships between language learning motivation and the longitudinal development of second language (L2) pronunciation. Twenty-six English-speaking learners of Spanish recorded a simplified picture description task five times over a yearlong period spanning their second, third, and fourth semesters of Spanish language instruction. Learners also completed a quantitative motivation survey based on the L2 Motivational Self System and an open-ended questionnaire on their language learning beliefs once per semester, yielding three measurements. Eighteen native Spanish listeners rated learners’ clips for comprehensibility and accentedness. Although mixed modeling of the motivation data revealed a slightly negative trajectory for motivational subcomponents ...


Examining The Temporal Structure Of The Perception-Production Link In Sla: A Longitudinal Study, Charles Nagle Jan 2018

Examining The Temporal Structure Of The Perception-Production Link In Sla: A Longitudinal Study, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Most studies on the perception-production link have assumed a synchronous relationship, according to which gains in perception transfer to production rapidly and efficiently. However, time-lagged and asymptotic relationships are also possible, in which case perception would guide production at a later stage or production would improve only once perception has reached a high level of accuracy. The present study investigates the temporal dynamics of the perception-production link by modeling English speakers’ ability to perceive and produce L2 Spanish stops over time. Mixed-effects modeling of the d’ perception and voice onset time (VOT) production data demonstrated significant development in both areas ...


Applying Research-Based Multimedia Design Principles In Designing And Teaching Beginning Cfl Learners The Ba Construction Online, Shenglan Zhang Dec 2017

Applying Research-Based Multimedia Design Principles In Designing And Teaching Beginning Cfl Learners The Ba Construction Online, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Teaching grammar online is an increasingly necessary practice, but the process is resource-heavy, requiring online tools such as grammar videos. Studies show that current online grammar modules have mixed effectiveness, and none of the studies have examined the effects of the design of these modules. This study investigated whether an online module, designed according to basic multi-media design principles, is effective in helping learners understand the use of the baconstruction. The study also asked how the students respond to the use of the online module. The findings show that the online module improved learners’ understanding and use of the ba ...


A Review Of Literature On Preparing Language Teachers To Teach Online: What Has Been Done And What Is Needed?, Shenglan Zhang Jan 2017

A Review Of Literature On Preparing Language Teachers To Teach Online: What Has Been Done And What Is Needed?, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

The purpose of this article is to synthesize the research on skills and competencies to prepare college language teachers to teach online since the publication of Hampel and Stickler's article “New skills for new classrooms: Training tutors to teach languages online” in 2005. The researcher identified 15 studies in peer-reviewed journals to review. The findings reveal that new understandings have emerged about the necessary abilities and skills that a language teacher needs to acquire to be prepared to teach online. Important strategies to prepare teachers to gain these skills and abilities include learning by doing, by observation, and through ...


Individual Developmental Trajectories In The L2 Acquisition Of Spanish Spirantization, Charles Nagle Jan 2017

Individual Developmental Trajectories In The L2 Acquisition Of Spanish Spirantization, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In Spanish, voiced stops weaken to approximants and display variables degrees of lenition according to the context in which the stop occurs, making them a complex pronunciation feature. Accumulated findings from cross-sectional research on second language (L2) speakers suggests that many L2 learners struggle to produce the approximants even at the most advanced levels of study. The present study offers a new perspective on the approximants by studying individual learners’ production of Spanish [β] over time and across phonetic contexts. Twenty-six English speaking learners of L2 Spanish recorded two speaking tasks five times over a yearlong period corresponding to their ...


Killing Two Birds With One Stone? Turning Cfl Learners Into Book Writers: An Exploratory Study, Shenglan Zhang Oct 2016

Killing Two Birds With One Stone? Turning Cfl Learners Into Book Writers: An Exploratory Study, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Two problems often emerge in the process of learning Chinese. First, learning to write at the beginning stage often focuses on forms, without an authentic purpose. As a result, learners do not have enough motivation to write. Second, while extensive reading benefits language learners, not many extensive reading materials are available to beginning and lower-intermediate level CFL learners. This empirical study examined the feasibility of incorporating a writing project into the curriculum, as well as the potential impact of such a project on learners’ reading and writing progress. A total of 89 learners participated in this study. The findings show ...


Disentangling Research On Study Abroad And Pronunciation: Methodological And Programmatic Considerations, Charles Nagle, Alfonso Morales-Front, Colleen Moorman, Cristina Sanz Jul 2016

Disentangling Research On Study Abroad And Pronunciation: Methodological And Programmatic Considerations, Charles Nagle, Alfonso Morales-Front, Colleen Moorman, Cristina Sanz

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Despite intuitive and theoretically motivated claims that Study Abroad (SA) is an optimal environment for language development, including pronunciation gains, research on its effectiveness has produced contradictory results. Furthermore, there is little known about short-term study abroad programs, where matriculation numbers are increasing faster than ever before. This chapter analyzes pre- and post-SA oral production data from 18 advanced learners of Spanish, focusing on stop consonants (/p, t, k, b, d, g/). Development was defined in terms of voice onset time for /p, t, k/ and a 5-point lenition measure for /b, d, g/. Learners produced significantly shorter VOT values ...


Learning Through A Cmc-Based Tandem Project With Native Speakers: A Descriptive Study Of Beginning Cfl Learners, Shenglan Zhang Jan 2016

Learning Through A Cmc-Based Tandem Project With Native Speakers: A Descriptive Study Of Beginning Cfl Learners, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Tandem learning through conferencing tools, one form of computer-mediated communication (CMC), has been proven beneficial to language learning. This study investigates the implementation of a tandem learning activity that was designed, based on the multiliteracies' view of pedagogy, to allow CFL learners in America to interact with native speakers of Chinese in China. It explores how learners interact with native speakers via Skype, QQ or WeChat, with the purpose of completing a culture project, how they perceive this learning experience, and how the design of the tandem activity might be improved. Data collected include: chat records, learner reflections on the ...


A Blended Chinese-As-A-Foreign- Language Short Course: Design And Perceptions, Shenglan Zhang Jan 2016

A Blended Chinese-As-A-Foreign- Language Short Course: Design And Perceptions, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This study investigated learners’ perceived effectiveness of a blended Chinese non-credit bearing short course designed for engineering students with no prior knowledge about Chinese language. Few studies have examined how to design blended Chinese courses for beginning learners. The design of this study was based on the framework of parameters proposed by Neumeier (2005). Bloom’s taxonomy of learning objectives in the cognitive domain was adopted in deciding on the time distribution to the two modes (Face-To-Face and online), and on sequencing the two modes. FTF was the lead mode with activities that help learners apply and practice what they ...


El Uso Del Vídeo En Tests De Comprensión Oral Por Internet, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Jan 2016

El Uso Del Vídeo En Tests De Comprensión Oral Por Internet, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Con la tecnología multimedia sofisticada, hay un interés renovado en la relación entre canales visuales y auditivos en la evaluación de la comprensión oral (CO). La investigación emergente sobre el uso de elementos visuales en la evaluación de la comprensión oral ha producido resultados no concluyentes. Algunos estudiantes se desempeñan mejor en pruebas que incluyen la información visual (Wagner, 2007) mientras otros no han encontrado ninguna diferencia en el desempeño de los participantes en los dos formatos de prueba (Batty, 2015). Estos resultados mixtos hacen que sea necesario examinar el papel de la utilización de audio y vídeo en CO ...


L2 Collaborative E-Writing, Cristina Pardo-Ballester, Adolfo Carillo Cabello Jan 2016

L2 Collaborative E-Writing, Cristina Pardo-Ballester, Adolfo Carillo Cabello

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Writing as a process has been recognized as an important tenant to integrate in L1 and L2 language courses. Research in this area has shown that collaboration in the form of peer-review exercises can improve writing outcomes. Even though research in this area has identified benefits for conducting peer reviews online, these studies have focused on the analysis of improvements in writing skills from the collaboration process without full consideration of the medium used in the process of collaboration and how the perceptions of students evolve.

This mixed-methods longitudinal study was aimed at the examination of the change in perceptions ...


运用真实多媒体语料与民族志访谈法加强目的语文化学习:一个初步提议 / Using Authentic Multimedia Materials And Ethnographic Interview To Improve Target Culture Learning: A Preliminary Proposal, 胜兰 张 Oct 2015

运用真实多媒体语料与民族志访谈法加强目的语文化学习:一个初步提议 / Using Authentic Multimedia Materials And Ethnographic Interview To Improve Target Culture Learning: A Preliminary Proposal, 胜兰 张

World Languages and Cultures Publications

文化在语言教学中是一个不可缺少的元素,可是在外语教学实践中仍未得到足够重视。本文考察了文化教学在外语教学中存在的问题及其缺乏的原因。本文基于维果茨基社会文化理论,并遵循比较、交际、多层面与借鉴等四项原则,提出了如何利用网络真实语料和民族志访谈的文化教学模型来促进初级中文学习者的文化学习。


Teachers As Curators: Curating Authentic Online Content For Beginning And Intermediate Cfl Learners, Shenglan Zhang Jan 2015

Teachers As Curators: Curating Authentic Online Content For Beginning And Intermediate Cfl Learners, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

An abundance of authentic materials is available online for language learning. To locate appropriate materials is nearly impossible for even the most motivated learners. This requires teachers to curate authentic online content to enhance and supplement learners’ learning. Content curation is the process of collecting, organizing and displaying information. This article describes the procedure and strategies one may use in curating authentic content materials for Chinese language learning online. Teachers as curators need to collect the content with the consideration of difficulty level for different learners. In addition, they should put a lot of thoughts into content categorization based on ...


French Language And Cultures For The Professions: A Case Study For The Twenty-First Century, Stacey Weber-Fève Mar 2014

French Language And Cultures For The Professions: A Case Study For The Twenty-First Century, Stacey Weber-Fève

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Taking up the May 2013 special issue theme concerning the future of French Programs in the United States, their “orientation” and “survival,” the author sets out to maintain a positive tone and productive perspective on this polemic via a working case study of her home institution’s “French Language and Cultures for Professions” program. The author first reviews existing scholarship concerning the teaching and learning of “Business French” and then presents a course “blueprint” for a twenty-first century update to this traditional curricular and programmatic model, re-titled “French for Business and Professions.”


An Evidence-Based Practical Guide To Designing And Developing Chinese-As-A-Foreign-Language (Cfl) Courses Online, Shenglan Zhang Jan 2014

An Evidence-Based Practical Guide To Designing And Developing Chinese-As-A-Foreign-Language (Cfl) Courses Online, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

The purpose of this article is to give an overview of what is needed for creating and teaching an online Chinese course and some systematic recommendations for what a Chinese language teacher needs to know in order to continuously succeed in the new teaching context. An exhaustive review of empirical studies published in the past seven years is used to reveal what makes an online language course successful. Twelve studies were located. The findings of these studies were summarized around the four themes, online course development, teaching roles, learner support, and course evaluation. Examples were given to illustrate points based ...


Call Evaluation: Students’ Perception And Use Of Lomástv, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Jan 2012

Call Evaluation: Students’ Perception And Use Of Lomástv, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In order to integrate technology into the language curriculum, it is essential not only to evaluate a program with a second language acquisition (SLA) framework but also seek the students’ attitudes towards the use of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) (Ayres, 2002). Addressing CALL evaluation, this paper reports on a 2-year empirical study of learners’ perceptions, at the intermediate level, about the use of a web-based multimedia program with authentic video clips having full control of help options (i.e., dual input using subtitles in L1 and L2, pitch-correct slow play, and backward and forward buttons, transcripts and online dictionary) and ...


The Impact Of Instruction In The Wwwdot Framework On Students’ Disposition And Ability To Evaluate Web Sites As Sources Of Information, Shenglan Zhang Sep 2011

The Impact Of Instruction In The Wwwdot Framework On Students’ Disposition And Ability To Evaluate Web Sites As Sources Of Information, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Much research has demonstrated that students are largely uncritical users of Web sites as sources of information. Research-tested frameworks are needed to increase elementary-age students’ awareness of the need and ability to critically evaluate Web sites as sources of information. This study is a randomized field trial of such a framework called WWWDOT. A matched-pair design involving 12 grade 4 and 5 classes was adopted. Data were collected through 3 assessments administered before and after the intervention: a questionnaire, a Single Web Site Evaluation Task, and a Web Site Ranking Task. ANCOVA and ordinal regression analyses reveal that students taught ...


Framing The “Minor” In Marjane Satrapi And Vincent Paronnaud's Persepolis, Stacey Weber-Fève Jan 2011

Framing The “Minor” In Marjane Satrapi And Vincent Paronnaud's Persepolis, Stacey Weber-Fève

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Satrapi’s work illustrates, on various levels, current debates in the profession surrounding the boundaries of twenty-first-century French and Francophone studies. For example, her texts both directly and indirectly treat in varying degree issues concerning fragmented societies and cultures; intermedial or splintering forms of artistic and cultural production; political and ethnographic boundary transgression; and continuities and differences in racial, sexual, and gender consciousness. These issues are all at the forefront in calls for papers from recent preeminent conferences in the field; including but not limited to the 2009 Modern Language Association Annual Meeting and the 2009 20th- and 21 ...


Developing Spanish Online Readings Using Design-Based Research, Cristina Pardo-Ballester, Julio Cesar Rodriguez Jan 2010

Developing Spanish Online Readings Using Design-Based Research, Cristina Pardo-Ballester, Julio Cesar Rodriguez

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This article reports on the use of design-based research (DBR) in the development of online reading materials for beginning and intermediate Spanish learners. The report focuses on four studies of two main aspects of the development, namely, interface design and learner perceptions. The discussion of interface design includes the analysis of learner expectations and interface organization. The analysis of learner perceptions includes frequency of use and impact of multimedia glosses on the learning of vocabulary. Findings reveal the importance of involving learners in all aspects of materials design and development and make evident the strengths of a DBR approach to ...


The Validity Argument Of A Web-Based Spanish Listening Exam: Test Usefulness Evaluation, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Jan 2010

The Validity Argument Of A Web-Based Spanish Listening Exam: Test Usefulness Evaluation, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

his study describes research used for supporting a validity argument for a new Spanish Listening Exam, whose scores are intended to place examinees into appropriate levels of university Spanish classes. This study contributes to the field of argument-based approaches to language assessment by implementing Bachman's (2005)Bachman, L. F. 2005. Building and supporting a case for test use. Language Assessment Quarterly, 1: 1–34. [Google Scholar] assessment use argument framework. The validity argument is supported by research providing backing for three warrants pertaining to the quality of inference that can be made on the basis of examinees' performance. These ...


The Validity Argument Of A Web-Based Spanish Listening Exam: Test Usefulness Evaluation, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Jan 2010

The Validity Argument Of A Web-Based Spanish Listening Exam: Test Usefulness Evaluation, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This study describes research used for supporting a validity argument for a new Spanish Listening Exam, whose scores are intended to place examinees into appropriate levels of university Spanish classes. This study contributes to the field of argument-based approaches to language assessment by implementing Bachman's (2005)Bachman, L. F. 2005. Building and supporting a case for test use. Language Assessment Quarterly, 1: 1–34. [Google Scholar] assessment use argument framework. The validity argument is supported by research providing backing for three warrants pertaining to the quality of inference that can be made on the basis of examinees' performance. These ...


Integrating Language And Literature: Teaching Textual Analysis With Input And Output Activities And An Input‐To‐Output Approach, Stacey Weber-Fève Aug 2009

Integrating Language And Literature: Teaching Textual Analysis With Input And Output Activities And An Input‐To‐Output Approach, Stacey Weber-Fève

World Languages and Cultures Publications

The Modern Language Association report and Profession issue from summer 2007 (Geisler et al., 2007) are highly indicative of the increasingly debated concerns in the profession surrounding (1) the traditional division of foreign language curriculum between “language” and “literature” and (2) the instruction of textual analysis (or practice of close reading) in the student‐centered literature classroom. In this article, I discuss the need in the profession to address the contemporary problems inherited from the traditional “language‐literature” divide and postulate the use of close reading as a tactic to overcome this traditional divide. This article specifically addresses the issue ...


A Writing Design: Using Abstracts In The Writing Process, Stacey Weber-Fève Jan 2009

A Writing Design: Using Abstracts In The Writing Process, Stacey Weber-Fève

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In late

2004, the College Board's National Commission on Writing issued a number of reports to the American Congress regarding the writing skills of today's American university graduates. The widespread perception among many faculty members at America's colleges, universities, and high schools of students not arriving on and/ or leaving the campuses of higher education with the writing skills needed for success in their college and professional careers had seemingly prompted the commission's investigation. According to Budig, this investigation took heightened importance when many leaders of major United States corporations began to share this same perception ...