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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Farm Management Extension Audience Of 2030, Alejandro Plastina, Kelvin Leibold, Matthew Stockton Jan 2019

The Farm Management Extension Audience Of 2030, Alejandro Plastina, Kelvin Leibold, Matthew Stockton

Economics Publications

During the halftime of his son’s football game, Farmer Brown asks his smartphone for a real-time cost-effectiveness analysis of three alternative treatments to suppress weeds in two acres over the Missouri River, where remote imagery technology identified weed pressure trending up and nearing 90% of the acre- and corn-stage-specific weed threshold. The device calculates real-time partial budget analyses using acre-specific weather forecasts, soil conditions, labor and machinery costs, corn growth stage and projected yields, weed species, and cutting-edge technology to respond with information about the cost-effectiveness of reducing weed pressure to 75%, 80%, and 85% of the threshold as ...


The Whole Is Greater Than The Sum: An Empirical Analysis Of The Effect Of Team Based Learning On Student Achievement, Georgeanne M. Artz, Keri Jacobs, Christian R. Boessen Jan 2016

The Whole Is Greater Than The Sum: An Empirical Analysis Of The Effect Of Team Based Learning On Student Achievement, Georgeanne M. Artz, Keri Jacobs, Christian R. Boessen

Economics Publications

We examine whether teams exert a positive influence on student test scores in three Team Based Learning (TBL) courses at two different universities. We find positive and significant effects on individual exam scores for students at all levels of the ability distribution; on average, an individual’s exam score increases roughly 6 points for every 10 point increase in their teammates’ average score. In addition, we find that these positive effects vary little across the ability distribution of teams and individuals, suggesting that the TBL method benefits a continuum of student abilities.


Forging A University Research Mission, Joshua L. Rosenbloom Jan 2015

Forging A University Research Mission, Joshua L. Rosenbloom

Economics Publications

The university exists to accommodate and implement the whole human learning process, and this must include creative scholarship and research. Thus research is not an optional activity of the university, not merely a legitimate pursuit of those who may be interested and willing to dedicate their spare time, nor an assignment justified to either the university or the professor by the resultant income in dollars and publicity. Rather, research is an inescapable responsibility of the university and an inseparable part of its total educational function. "The Place of Research in the University"


Lifetime Health Consequences Of Child Labor In Brazil, Chanyoung Lee, Peter F. Orazem Jan 2010

Lifetime Health Consequences Of Child Labor In Brazil, Chanyoung Lee, Peter F. Orazem

Economics Publications

The health consequences of child labor may take time to manifest themselves. This study examines whether children who began working at a young age experience increased incidence of illness or physical disability as adults. When child labor and schooling are treated as chosen without consideration of unobserved abilities or health endowments, child labor appears to have small adverse effects on a wide variety of health measures. Some adverse health consequences such as heart disease or hypertension seem unlikely to be caused by child labor. However, when we allow unobserved health and ability endowments to alter the age of labor market ...


The Benefits And Costs Of Alternative Strategies To Improve Educational Outcomes, Peter F. Orazem, Paul Glewwe, Harry Patrinos Jan 2009

The Benefits And Costs Of Alternative Strategies To Improve Educational Outcomes, Peter F. Orazem, Paul Glewwe, Harry Patrinos

Economics Publications

Few empirical relationships have been investigated more frequently than that between years of schooling and earnings. Hundreds of studies using a wide variety of datasets from developed countries, spanning many decades, and employing alternative specifications to correct for various potential sources of bias, have consistently found positive private returns per year of schooling.• Returns arc frequent ly equal to or above long-run average market returns to other investments.


Lack Of Education, Peter F. Orazem Jan 2007

Lack Of Education, Peter F. Orazem

Economics Publications

This chapter reviews the stylized facts regarding the distribution of human capital investments and the returns to those investments in developing countries. It then examines recent evidence regarding which policies can induce increased human capital investments in the most efficient manner, using estimated benefits and costs as a guide. Supplyside strategies such as increasing school access or improving school quality are more costly, have less certain benefits, and have a weak record of success. Demand-side interventions such as school sited health programs, vouchers, and conditional transfers have a greater likelihood of improving literacy in the most cost-effective manner.


A Course Every Department Can (Should?) Teach–Graduating Senior Survey, Ron Deiter Jun 2003

A Course Every Department Can (Should?) Teach–Graduating Senior Survey, Ron Deiter

Economics Publications

A Graduating Senior Survey course has been required of Agricultural Business majors at Iowa State University since 1997. Specific course goals include collecting valuable outcomes assessment information while, at the same time, assisting graduating seniors with various graduation issues. The format of this course is intended to facilitate the administration of an academic program rather than to disseminate specific, subject-matter knowledge. As such, experiences and observations from past offerings of this course should have widespread appeal and relevance.


School Quality, School Cost, And The Public/Private School Choices Of Low-Income Households In Pakistan, Harold Alderman, Peter F. Orazem, Elizabeth M. Paterno Jan 2001

School Quality, School Cost, And The Public/Private School Choices Of Low-Income Households In Pakistan, Harold Alderman, Peter F. Orazem, Elizabeth M. Paterno

Economics Publications

Variation in school attributes, proximity, and fees across neighborhoods is used to identify factors that affect whether poor households send their children to government school, private school, or no school. Analysis shows that even the poorest households use private schools extensively, and that utilization increases with income. Lowering private school fees or distance or raising measured quality raises private school enrollments, partly by transfers from government schools and partly from enrollments of children who otherwise would not have gone to school. The strong demand for private schools is consistent with evidence of greater mathematics and language achievement in private schools ...


The Use Of Humor As A Teaching Tool In The College Classroom, Ron Deiter Jun 2000

The Use Of Humor As A Teaching Tool In The College Classroom, Ron Deiter

Economics Publications

Previous research reports a strong positive correlation between class attendance and student performance. Consequently, college educators, often explore innovative ways of encouraging class attendance. While no substitute for substance, humor is a teaching tool that can create a more positive, fun, interesting environment that promotes class attendance and student learning.

Despite recent widespread attention on the use of humor in our society, this paper identifies some professorial "myths" or misunderstandings about the use of humor in the classroom that continue to exist. These include I ) humor is telli ng jokes or physical comedy, 2) instructors should not try to use ...


Reducing Class Size Misses Mark, Wallace Huffman Aug 1999

Reducing Class Size Misses Mark, Wallace Huffman

Economics Publications

School quality is very much on the minds of Iowans and many others. Real (constant-dollar) spending per pupil in Iowa public K-12 schools has increased steadily since 1960 up to 1992-93 when it flattened out. Per-pupil real expenditures are an eye-popping 2.8 times larger than in 1960, and the pupil-teacher ratio has declined about 34 percent -- mostly between 1970 and 1990.


Central Mandates And Local Incentives: The Colombia Education Voucher Program, Elizabeth M. King, Peter F. Orazem, Darin R. Wohlgemuth Jan 1999

Central Mandates And Local Incentives: The Colombia Education Voucher Program, Elizabeth M. King, Peter F. Orazem, Darin R. Wohlgemuth

Economics Publications

In decentralized education systems programs that promote central mandates may have to be devolved to local governments, communities, and providers. When participation by local governments and providers is voluntary rather than compulsory, the determinants of program placement are important in predicting potential benefits to individuals. This article analyzes incentives for municipalities and private schools to participate in Colombia's voucher program. It finds that the demand for secondary education relative to the capacity of public schools and the availability of spaces in private schools in the municipality were key predictors of municipal participation, whereas the number of underserved students had ...


Can Private School Subsidies Increase Enrollment For The Poor? The Quetta Urban Fellowship Program, Jooseop Kim, Harold Alderman, Peter F. Orazem Jan 1999

Can Private School Subsidies Increase Enrollment For The Poor? The Quetta Urban Fellowship Program, Jooseop Kim, Harold Alderman, Peter F. Orazem

Economics Publications

This study evaluates a program designed to stimulate girls' schooling through the creation of private girls' schools in poor urban neighborhoods of Quetta, Pakistan. Enrollment growth in these randomly selected neighborhoods is compared to enrollment growth in otherwise similar neighborhoods that were randomly assigned to a control group. The analysis indicates that the program increased girls' enrollment around 33 percentage points. Boys' enrollment rose as well, partly because boys were allowed to attend the new schools and partly because parents would not send their girls to school without also educating their boys. This outcome suggests that programs targeted at girls ...


Employment And Wage Dynamics In Estonia, 1989-95, Rivo Noorkoiv, Peter F. Orazem, Allan Puur, Milan Vodopivec Nov 1998

Employment And Wage Dynamics In Estonia, 1989-95, Rivo Noorkoiv, Peter F. Orazem, Allan Puur, Milan Vodopivec

Economics Publications

This study monitors the effects of economic transition on wages and employment in a former Soviet Republic. Estonia's case is of particular interest because of its early adoption of relatively free labour market policies. Relative wages for the highest educated groups rose for all age groups. There were also rapid increases in returns to job experience, particularly at young ages. Increasing wage dispersion across human capital groups was accompanied by narrowing wage dispersion within human capital groups. Relative wages rose in sectors which gained relative employment, while they fell in shrinking sectors. In addition, there were large flows of ...


Student Test Scores And Their Relationship To Order Of Test Completion, Ron Deiter, Vern Pierce Mar 1991

Student Test Scores And Their Relationship To Order Of Test Completion, Ron Deiter, Vern Pierce

Economics Publications

A number of different instruments are typically used by instructors to assess an undergraduate student's level of understanding of course subject matter and, ultimately, to assign each student a course grade. While homework assignments, quizzes, term papers, group projects, class participation and oral reports are all commonly used, generally, a major part of a student's course grade is based on classroom performance on exams. Many instructors assume or like to believe that the major, if not the only. determinant of student scores on exams is student knowledge and understanding of the material. However, Marotz and Young (1988) suggest ...


Black-White Differences In Schooling Investment And Human Capital Production In Segregated Schools, Peter F. Orazem Sep 1987

Black-White Differences In Schooling Investment And Human Capital Production In Segregated Schools, Peter F. Orazem

Economics Publications

The lower level of school quality available for blacks relative to whites in the segregated era is frequently cited as a primary cause for the currently observed gap in black-white average wages. The inferior education pro­ vided to black children is argued to have caused lower levels of human capital produc­ tion in black schools than white schools. The gap in black-white wages can be traced to this gap in human capital. Similarly, the convergence in black-and-white average wages during the 1960's and 1970's may be explained by the steady convergence in black-and-white school quality and atten­ dance ...


A Perspective On The Market For Agricultural Economists: Background, Trends, And Issues, Wallace E. Huffman, Larry J. Connor Jul 1986

A Perspective On The Market For Agricultural Economists: Background, Trends, And Issues, Wallace E. Huffman, Larry J. Connor

Economics Publications

This paper summarizes broad trends in the market for and training of agricultural economists, models of professional labor markets, and key issues facing the agricul- tural economics profession. The number of U.S. Ph.D. agricultural economists grew at a 7 percent rate during 1973 to 1983. An increasing share of them are being employed in business-industry. Some issues facing the profession are: potential imbal- ance in Ph.D.s supplied and demanded, type and quality of graduate education needed to meet diverse job roles of doctor- ates, demand growth potential for masters level agricultural economists