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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Use Of Humor As A Teaching Tool In The College Classroom, Ron Deiter Jun 2000

The Use Of Humor As A Teaching Tool In The College Classroom, Ron Deiter

Economics Publications

Previous research reports a strong positive correlation between class attendance and student performance. Consequently, college educators, often explore innovative ways of encouraging class attendance. While no substitute for substance, humor is a teaching tool that can create a more positive, fun, interesting environment that promotes class attendance and student learning.

Despite recent widespread attention on the use of humor in our society, this paper identifies some professorial "myths" or misunderstandings about the use of humor in the classroom that continue to exist. These include I ) humor is telli ng jokes or physical comedy, 2) instructors should not try to use ...


American Indians In Higher Education: One Student's Story , Laura Deanne Browne Jan 2000

American Indians In Higher Education: One Student's Story , Laura Deanne Browne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This document is a presentation of information gained from the collaboration between an American Indian student and a non-Indian educator at a Midwestern community college. Each chapter is introduced by a story or experience that shares an insight or point of discussion during the collaboration that later became the theme of a chapter;Chapter 1 provides an overview of American Indian participation in higher education, both in Euro-American and tribal institutions. Chapter 2 presents the history of American Indian education in the United States as a story told by a fictitious American Indian storyteller. Chapter 3 presents a comparison and ...


Secondary School Family And Consumer Sciences Teachers' Perceived Importance Of Family And Consumer Sciences Competencies , Mary Ann Good Jan 2000

Secondary School Family And Consumer Sciences Teachers' Perceived Importance Of Family And Consumer Sciences Competencies , Mary Ann Good

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This purpose of this study was to determine Iowa family and consumer sciences secondary teachers' perceptions of their curriculum resulting from the implementation of the 1989 state legislation regarding vocational education requirements for public secondary schools. A stratified random sample of 152 teachers was selected from a population of 407 family and consumer sciences teachers in grades 9--12 during the 1995--96 school year which yielded a response from 106 (73.6%) teachers;Perceptions were measured to determine the extent the competencies were taught, the level of importance teachers placed on them, and comparisons between the two in the nine content ...


An Assessment Of Instructional Technology In Secondary Agricultural Education Curricula In North Carolina And Virginia , Antoine Jerrod Alston Jan 2000

An Assessment Of Instructional Technology In Secondary Agricultural Education Curricula In North Carolina And Virginia , Antoine Jerrod Alston

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this descriptive/correlational study was to evaluate instructional technology availability and use in secondary agricultural education curricula in North Carolina and Virginia. The population for this study consisted of secondary agriculture teachers in North Carolina and Virginia that were listed in the 1998--99 North Carolina Agricultural Education Director (N = 370) and Virginia Vocational Agriculture Teacher's Association Directory (N = 313). Based on Krejcie and Morgan's (1970) formula for a 5% margin of error, a random sample of 242 would be required for a population of this size. The researcher based on the objectives of the study ...


Socialization Of Preservice Teachers In The Area Of Early Literacy Education , Sharon Jane Jensen Jan 2000

Socialization Of Preservice Teachers In The Area Of Early Literacy Education , Sharon Jane Jensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative research study was to examine the lived experiences of five preservice teachers enrolled in an early literacy methods course and concurrent field experience. The need for this study is justified by the research pointing to the importance of early literacy learning and, therefore, the necessity of teachers who are well prepared to teach children to read and write. Additionally, this study investigates the teacher socialization process and how it is positively and negatively affected by field experiences. The notion that "experience is the best teacher" is examined through interpretation of the informants' experiences in their ...


Employer-Provided Training And Development: Consequences For Employees , Mary E. Hultman Jan 2000

Employer-Provided Training And Development: Consequences For Employees , Mary E. Hultman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study extended previous research on the effect of employer-provided training and development on employee wages and promotions. Also investigated were differences in the amount or kinds of workplace education provided male and female employees. The study went beyond previous research to examine the effect of "missed opportunities", defined as nonparticipation in employer-provided training either because the employee was not allowed to participate or because the employee chose not to participate. Participants completed a questionnaire that captured information about the formal training they had received from their current employer at any time and in the past 12 months. Participants were ...


The Journey Continues: Life Transitions And Adult Learning Among The Older Women In A Continuing Care Retirement Community , Ya-Fen Lo Jan 2000

The Journey Continues: Life Transitions And Adult Learning Among The Older Women In A Continuing Care Retirement Community , Ya-Fen Lo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate whether adult learning was involved in the adaptation process among elderly women who recently moved to a continuing care retirement community (CCRC);Past studies on retirement living focused on the social aspects of residential life after housing changes had been made. Little was known about the effect of residents' past life experiences on the process of adapting to a new living environment. The aspects of adult learning and development were also left unexplored in previous research regarding older adults' experiences of residential change. To investigate the life-long process of change and ...


Enhancing Adult Student Persistence: The Relationship Between Prior Learning Assessment And Persistence Toward The Baccalaureate Degree , Walter Stephen Pearson Jan 2000

Enhancing Adult Student Persistence: The Relationship Between Prior Learning Assessment And Persistence Toward The Baccalaureate Degree , Walter Stephen Pearson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this study of adult part-time baccalaureate students at a midwestern private liberal arts college, prior learning assessment (the PLA portfolio process) significantly predicts persistence. Logistic regression results indicate that completers of the PLA portfolio process increase their estimated probability of persistence dramatically;Part-time adult students in higher education are likely to drop out. Adult students had dropped out at double the rate of traditional age students (45% versus 23%) in a 1992 study of the 1989 entering class. In a 1994 follow-up study, highly non-traditional students (attended part-time, worked full-time, had dependents, and delayed entry into college) were the ...


Mathematics Is A Gentleman's Art: Analysis And Synthesis In American College Geometry Teaching, 1790-1840 , Amy K. Ackerberg-Hastings Jan 2000

Mathematics Is A Gentleman's Art: Analysis And Synthesis In American College Geometry Teaching, 1790-1840 , Amy K. Ackerberg-Hastings

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The story of geometry education in the American college has been subject to neglect, with most historians assuming that all available information was published in secondary sources around the turn of the twentieth century. However, recent trends in the history of science include the revelation of the development of the scientific community before the Civil War and an interest in the study of textbooks. Additionally, the literature lacks attempts to place geometry education and mathematics professors within the scientific community. There are also no modern biographies of the three principal actors, Jeremiah Day, John Farrar, and Charles Davies. Finally, mathematicians ...


Decanal Work: Using Role Theory And The Sociology Of Time To Study The Executive Behavior Of College Of Education Deans , Jerlando F. L. Jackson Jan 2000

Decanal Work: Using Role Theory And The Sociology Of Time To Study The Executive Behavior Of College Of Education Deans , Jerlando F. L. Jackson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was: (1) to generate an understanding of the daily administrative processes (activities) of the college of education dean; and (2) to generate a theory based on the delineated roles of the dean as it relates to the executive behavior of the position during the work day. Upon the collection of data determining the dean's executive behavior a comparative analysis using role theory between the dean's executive roles and executive roles found by Mintzberg (1973) was provided. The roles were then aggregated to form the executive behavior of academic deans;Qualitative and quantitative methodologies ...


Preservice Teachers' Initial Perceptions Of Equity In Education: Implications For Multicultural Pedagogy In Teacher Education , James Christopher Mcshay Jan 2000

Preservice Teachers' Initial Perceptions Of Equity In Education: Implications For Multicultural Pedagogy In Teacher Education , James Christopher Mcshay

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The multicultural literature clearly identifies equity as a concept that embodies social justice and fairness; however, preservice teachers do not have this understanding. Numerous studies have been conducted in an attempt to understand why preservice teachers typically do not regard equitable teaching as being a priority in the classroom. It is unclear, however, whether other factors contribute to preservice teachers' lack of concern in creating and supporting equitable learning. The purpose of this study was to identify factors and concepts that affect preservice teachers' understanding of equity issues in education and to establish a baseline of data on their initial ...


Exploring The Beliefs Of Early Childhood Preservice Teachers , Angela Christi Baum Jan 2000

Exploring The Beliefs Of Early Childhood Preservice Teachers , Angela Christi Baum

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study of student beliefs can have important implications for teacher education programs. Few studies are available, however, related specifically to the beliefs of early childhood preservice teachers. The current study addresses the following research questions: What are the beliefs of preservice teachers at different levels in their early childhood education program? What influences the development of these beliefs? To explore these questions, 19 female undergraduate early childhood education preservice teachers participated in five focus groups to discuss their beliefs surrounding several issues in early childhood education (e.g., teacher role, inclusion, parent involvement). Students were divided into three groups ...


A Qualitative Analysis Of The Culture Of Parents And Community Members Of A Comprehensive High School: An Examination Of Loyal Support , Laura Studer Brock Jan 2000

A Qualitative Analysis Of The Culture Of Parents And Community Members Of A Comprehensive High School: An Examination Of Loyal Support , Laura Studer Brock

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to discover and determine the elements of the parent/community culture of a comprehensive high school. More specifically, the study investigated the main elements of the parent/community culture, identified the factors contributing to that culture and their relative strengths, determined the education-related beliefs, values, and attitudes, determined how the loyal support culture was developed and maintained, and described the parent/community culture itself. The research was conducted at a comprehensive high school located in a mid-sized city in the Midwest;Interviewing was the primary method of data collection. Small group interviews were conducted ...


Maternal Depression Symptomology, Stress, And Behavioral Outcomes In Children: A One Year Longitudinal Study , Tamara Sue Hechtner Jan 2000

Maternal Depression Symptomology, Stress, And Behavioral Outcomes In Children: A One Year Longitudinal Study , Tamara Sue Hechtner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the longitudinal effects of maternal depression and stress on children's teacher-rated social skills (i.e., assertion, cooperation, and self-control) and playground observed behaviors (i.e., positive, negative, and nonsocial) in a community setting with low-income families. The current study consisted of 122 mothers and their kindergarten and/or first grade child who participated in a larger longitudinal study examining the transition of Head Start students into elementary school. Families were selected from the transition study if their incomes were less than or equal to 200% of the poverty threshold in ...


The Battleground In Kindergarten: A Contrast Between Pretend Aggression And Real Aggression In A Full-Day Kindergarten Classroom , Heidi Lin Malloy Jan 2000

The Battleground In Kindergarten: A Contrast Between Pretend Aggression And Real Aggression In A Full-Day Kindergarten Classroom , Heidi Lin Malloy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe the real and pretend aggression exhibited by 20 middle-class children in a full-day kindergarten. A qualitative analysis was used to discover the sequence of aggressive episodes and how children executed aggressive acts within the episodes. Boys displayed the majority of aggressive behaviors, but only a small group of boys consistently participated in both real and pretend aggression. In episodes of pretend aggression, the aggressor was most likely to shoot, threaten, hit, or blow up a person, object, or imaginary character. In contrast, the aggressor was most likely to grab, taunt, name-call, push ...


Exploring The Relationship Between Technology, Instructional Method And Learner Outcomes: An Application Of Path Analysis Techniques , Caryl Louise Bender Jan 2000

Exploring The Relationship Between Technology, Instructional Method And Learner Outcomes: An Application Of Path Analysis Techniques , Caryl Louise Bender

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the debate over the impact of technology and instructional methods on student learner outcomes, there has been no clear winner. This study utilized path analysis techniques to examine these effects. Data was gathered from 6 middle school mathematics classes including 6th, 7th, and 8th grade students (N = 372). Discriminant analysis showed significant differences between the groups, but the model elements captured that variance well enough to predict group membership correctly 82% of the time. Exogenous model elements included socio-economic status, math problem solving achievement, math concepts achievement, motivation for learning math, and score on math exemplar one. Endogenous variables ...


Oral Narrative And Analysis Of One African American Female's Struggle For Success In Higher Education , Kathleen Marie Clauson Jan 2000

Oral Narrative And Analysis Of One African American Female's Struggle For Success In Higher Education , Kathleen Marie Clauson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research study utilized the qualitative method of narrative inquiry to create and analyze the oral narrative of one African American female's struggle for success in higher education. This method allowed investigation of life experiences meaningful to the participant-narrator's success in higher education to be accomplished in collaboration with the participant-narrator; a student voice was heard and preserved. The oral narrative was then analyzed by the researcher in order to identify and examine elements (family and individual characteristics, life events, interactions, personal meanings) relevant to factors that have been identified by existing research findings as related to student ...


Sensitivity To Cultural Diversity Of Preservice Teachers Who Minor In Educational Computing , Carline Bradford Phillips Jan 2000

Sensitivity To Cultural Diversity Of Preservice Teachers Who Minor In Educational Computing , Carline Bradford Phillips

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Demographic trends indicate that the nation's school population is increasing in its percentage of children of color, while the teacher education students are largely European American women from rural areas. Additionally, these teacher education students have little experience with, or knowledge of diverse cultures. It is against this backdrop that a 1999 federal study revealed that "teaching students from diverse cultural backgrounds" and "using technology in the classroom" were areas for which neither new teachers nor veterans felt well-prepared (U.S. Department of Education, 1999). These major revelations highlight the need for teacher education programs to implement program changes ...