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Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Education

Differences Between White And Minority Students On Factors Related To Persistence: A Pilot Study , Troy Lawin Franklin Jan 1995

Differences Between White And Minority Students On Factors Related To Persistence: A Pilot Study , Troy Lawin Franklin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine differences between White and Minority students on factors related to persistence. Persistence is defined as a student who completes a baccalaureate degree within four years or who is still enrolled four years after entering college (Astin, 1977). A total of 848 students were identified for the pilot study. The subjects were both White and Minority undergraduate students (African American, Asian, and Hispanic) enrolled in the College of Business and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences in the Spring of 1994 at Iowa State University. Only a total of 115 surveys were ...


Teaching Home Economics Through Literature In Taiwan: Perspectives Of Home Economics Teachers , Meei-Ruey Hsu Jan 1995

Teaching Home Economics Through Literature In Taiwan: Perspectives Of Home Economics Teachers , Meei-Ruey Hsu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was undertaken to obtain information about teachers' perspectives toward teaching home economics through literature. The four objectives of this study were to (a) develop a conceptual framework for using literature to teach home economics; (b) develop an instrument based on the conceptual framework; (c) identify Taiwanese junior high school home economics teachers' perspectives toward teaching home economics through literature; and (d) describe information about literature provided by teachers;The conceptual framework proposed in this study was developed to assist students to interact rationally and morally with their environment via the integration of concepts presented in home economics and ...


The Relationship Between Personal Epistemology And Accountability On Critical Thinking Disposition , Alice Kathleen Peterson Jan 1995

The Relationship Between Personal Epistemology And Accountability On Critical Thinking Disposition , Alice Kathleen Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The intent of this study was to examine the relationship between personal epistemology, complexity of thought given three different levels of accountability instruction, and critical thinking dispositions. Each of these areas has been examined in the literature separately, but the relationship between them has never been investigated;The participants consisted of 128 undergraduates, 81 female and 47 male, all of whom had earned sixty or more semester credits and were all enrolled in a required interdisciplinary seminar at a small private liberal arts college in the midwest;Personal epistemology was measured by the Learning Environment Preference (Moore, 1987), which is ...


Women's Leadership Development: A Case Study Involving Iowa's Community Colleges And The Leadership Institute For A New Century , Glenda Kay Gallisath Jan 1995

Women's Leadership Development: A Case Study Involving Iowa's Community Colleges And The Leadership Institute For A New Century , Glenda Kay Gallisath

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to describe the role of the Leadership Institute for a New Century (LINC) in leadership development for women and people of color. The case study of selected LINC stakeholders focused on leadership development, the enhancement of leadership skills, and the use of type theory in leadership development. Data sources used were: (1) the Satisfaction and Perception Survey completed by LINC participants; (2) personal semi-structured interviews of selected LINC stakeholders; (3) the data base of type profiles for LINC participants, using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Methods of data analysis were descriptive statistics for the ...


Factors Related To The Adoption Of A Two-Way Interactive Distance Education Technology: Instrument Development, Instrument Validation, And Causal Model Testing , Sanaa Ibrahim Abou-Dagga Jan 1995

Factors Related To The Adoption Of A Two-Way Interactive Distance Education Technology: Instrument Development, Instrument Validation, And Causal Model Testing , Sanaa Ibrahim Abou-Dagga

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to identify the factors related to teachers' perceived likelihood of using a state-wide two-way interactive distance education technology, the Iowa Communication Network (ICN). The research model was developed using existing models in the diffusion of innovation literature, as well as in the attitude-behavior literature. The predictor variables developed from constructs in the literature, were habit of using innovative technologies, general attitude toward the ICN, utilitarian outcomes, normative outcomes, self-identity outcomes, attitude toward using the ICN for classroom instructional activities, and teachers' likelihood of using the ICN if it were available;The data were collected ...


Impact Of The Americans With Disabilities Act Of 1990: Perceptions Of Selected Individuals At Two Major Urban Universities , Maurice Luke Williams Jan 1995

Impact Of The Americans With Disabilities Act Of 1990: Perceptions Of Selected Individuals At Two Major Urban Universities , Maurice Luke Williams

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine how physically disabled students perceive the nature and extent of changes made at the University of Maryland and George Washington University campuses to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. A study of this nature, focusing on students with physical disabilities, is a new one. Therefore, the purpose of this study is important as a pilot study for future research;Telephone interviews were conducted individually with five disabled students form the University of Maryland and with seven disabled students from George Washington University. Because of each student's disability and ...


Use And Integration Of Computer-Related Technology In Teaching By Preservice Teacher Education Faculty , Denise Ann Schmidt Jan 1995

Use And Integration Of Computer-Related Technology In Teaching By Preservice Teacher Education Faculty , Denise Ann Schmidt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research study examined the current state of computer-related technology use by preservice teacher education faculty at eight Research I universities. Results from this study described faculty past and current proficiency in using computer-related technology, faculty attitudes toward computer-related technology, and factors that affected faculty use and integration of computer-related technology;One hundred-fifty teacher education faculty from the eight research one universities responded to the questionnaire entitled, "Survey of the Use and Integration of Computer-Related Technology by Teacher Education Faculty." In general, respondents indicated they were proficient in using word processing and telecommunication technologies, but were less proficient in using ...


Extended And Continuing Education Needs Of The Professional Members Of The National Society Of Minorities In Agriculture, Natural Resources And Related Sciences , Dawn Andis Mellion Jan 1995

Extended And Continuing Education Needs Of The Professional Members Of The National Society Of Minorities In Agriculture, Natural Resources And Related Sciences , Dawn Andis Mellion

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The traditional agricultural workforce is changing at an alarming rate. These changes are being caused by new and developing technologies, changing demographics of the workforce and changes in employers needs. This phenomenon has caused many corporations to establish their own facilities for training and retraining of employees. This practice is working for now, but numerous companies are looking to higher education to help meet their training needs. To help fill this void in the educational arena, colleges of agriculture are exploring various means and methods to assist these corporations with their educational needs through the use of distance education technologies ...


A Comparison Of The Traditional, Standardized Assessment Model With The Transdisciplinary, Arena Assessment Model In Early Childhood Special Education , Carl L. Myers Jan 1995

A Comparison Of The Traditional, Standardized Assessment Model With The Transdisciplinary, Arena Assessment Model In Early Childhood Special Education , Carl L. Myers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Early childhood special education services have typically adopted traditional assessment methods, namely, multidisciplinary or interdisciplinary teams using standardized tests. Numerous disadvantages of the traditional assessment approach for infants and toddlers are cited in the literature. In recent years, the transdisciplinary, arena assessment model has started to gain popularity in this country. Unfortunately, empirical evidence to support the use of the alternative assessment method is sparse. This study randomly assigned children under the age of three years to one of two assessment models: a traditional, standardized assessment model or a transdisciplinary, arena assessment model. Parents' and professional staff members' perceptions were ...


An Outcomes Study Of Students Participating In The Iowa Postsecondary Enrollment Options Act 1990-1993 , Sherril Ann Harris Jan 1995

An Outcomes Study Of Students Participating In The Iowa Postsecondary Enrollment Options Act 1990-1993 , Sherril Ann Harris

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Iowa Postsecondary Enrollment Options Act (PSEOA) was passed by the Iowa Legislature in 1987 and permits high school students to enroll in college classes for college credit and also apply that credit to high school graduation requirements. To date no longitudinal research has been conducted to track students participating in this program through a four-year university experience, and the state's educational sectors have indicated a need for such research. This study tracked the educational progress of 204 high school students who earned PSEO credit through four Iowa community colleges and transferred this credit to Iowa's three Regent ...


Development Of A Longitudinal Data Base For Tracking And Analysis Of Attrition Data , Cheryl Lynn Moller-Wong Jan 1995

Development Of A Longitudinal Data Base For Tracking And Analysis Of Attrition Data , Cheryl Lynn Moller-Wong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined factors related to student persistence in college, with particular attention to engineering students. All direct from high school and transfer students who entered a large midwestern university in the engineering college were tracked through fourteen semesters and summer sessions between fall 1990 and spring 1995. The study was conducted for the following goals and purposes: (1) To assemble and design a data base that would allow for the characterization and tracking of all undergraduate engineering students. (2) To examine the relationships between significant variables in a model that could identify students potentially at risk of attrition. (3 ...


A Study Of Factors Associated With Science Persistence In Successful Female Baccalaureate Degree Recipients At Iowa State University , Diane Lynn Doidge Jan 1995

A Study Of Factors Associated With Science Persistence In Successful Female Baccalaureate Degree Recipients At Iowa State University , Diane Lynn Doidge

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study responds to the need to further the understanding of persistence of females in science. By studying college seniors it provides data on a population that previously has not been studied well. By studying successful graduates (3.00-4.00 cumulative GPA) it represents a group of females most likely to persist in science beyond the bachelor's degree. Other criteria for entry into the research population required females to be: American educated; graduates of Iowa State University from 1986-1994; and majors of a laboratory-based science;Surveys were sent to 221 females initially meeting these criteria. The 165 returned surveys ...


An Examination Of The Influence Of Student Teaching Experience On Preservice Elementary Teachers' Self-Efficacy Judgments About The Full-Inclusion Of Students With Exceptional Needs In The Regular Education Elementary Classroom , Nancy Ann Eckerson Jan 1995

An Examination Of The Influence Of Student Teaching Experience On Preservice Elementary Teachers' Self-Efficacy Judgments About The Full-Inclusion Of Students With Exceptional Needs In The Regular Education Elementary Classroom , Nancy Ann Eckerson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to determine the influence of student teaching experience on four aspects crucially related to preservice teachers' ability to teach in the increasingly complex environments created by exceptional students: self-efficacy, outcome expectations, sources of information, and choice behavior or perceived ability to cope with students that present exceptional challenges in a full-inclusion regular education classroom;The study utilized a nonrandomized control group, pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design. The two groups were drawn from preservice elementary teachers attending a medium-sized state university in southern Minnesota during Spring Quarter of 1994. One group (n = 41) included students enrolled ...


An Analysis Of A Method For Training Educators In The Peer Coaching Process , Judith Maule Sessions Jan 1995

An Analysis Of A Method For Training Educators In The Peer Coaching Process , Judith Maule Sessions

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the effects of peer coaching training developed by the School Improvement Model (SIM). Data were gathered from 23 teachers participating in graduate work at Iowa State University during 1991. A single-group design was used with written pre- and post-training tests and judgment panel ratings of videotaped postobservation conferences. Demographic and opinion data were analyzed;Participants were instructed in eight peer coaching strategies during three days of inservice. Written pre- and post-training tests were analyzed using paired t-tests. Participants were videotaped conducting a postobservation conference. A ten-member judgment panel rated each participant on use of the strategies. Ratings ...


Ethnicity Awareness Intervention: Effects On Attitudes And Behaviors Of Science Educators , Carlie Collins Lyster Tartakov Jan 1995

Ethnicity Awareness Intervention: Effects On Attitudes And Behaviors Of Science Educators , Carlie Collins Lyster Tartakov

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The need to create programs that help teachers deal with the challenges of developing a larger work force of scientists that includes under-represented minority status groups has been a concern of educators for more than three decades. The need to measure the effectiveness of intervention programs addressing science equity has often been relegated to a secondary status. This study attempts to fill this void;The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of an ethnicity component on educators' attitudes and behaviors toward ethnicity as they teach science. The subjects of the study were Iowa K-3 educators. The 1992 ...


Critical Thinking As An Outcome Measure In Baccalaureate Schools Of Nursing , Sheila Lea Videbeck Jan 1995

Critical Thinking As An Outcome Measure In Baccalaureate Schools Of Nursing , Sheila Lea Videbeck

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is widespread agreement on the need for critical thinking abilities in professional nursing. However, there is not agreement on the issues of what constitutes critical thinking and whether or not programs of nursing education further the development of critical thinking. This study reviews the literature on critical thinking in general, as related to nursing practice and education, and measurement or evaluation of critical thinking skills, with the remainder of the dissertation presented in the form of three articles, followed by a general summary and discussion;The first article describes the results of a survey questionnaire of nurse educators in ...


The Relation Of Violent And Nonviolent Toys To Play Behavior In Preschoolers , Karen Ellen Goff Jan 1995

The Relation Of Violent And Nonviolent Toys To Play Behavior In Preschoolers , Karen Ellen Goff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although play and toys have been shown in the literature to benefit children in a variety of domains, relatively little is known about the effects of specific types of toys on the behavior and attitudes of children. Chapter 1 consolidates research that has attempted to discover the relationship between children's attitudes/behaviors and war toys. Research concerning the benefits of play and toys to children is presented, followed by the opposing viewpoints of aggression theorists regarding this issue. Research supporting each side of the debate is presented. Finally, variables that are likely to affect the war toy-child aggression relationship ...


Student Teaching And Preservice Teachers' Attitudes, Proficiency And Interest In Using Computers In Instruction, Eleni Y. Hadjiyianni Jan 1995

Student Teaching And Preservice Teachers' Attitudes, Proficiency And Interest In Using Computers In Instruction, Eleni Y. Hadjiyianni

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.