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Teacher Education and Professional Development

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Full-Text Articles in Education

"Forget About Justice:" Survivance And Resistance In Teacher Education, Ramon Vasquez May 2019

"Forget About Justice:" Survivance And Resistance In Teacher Education, Ramon Vasquez

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This Testimonio examines how systemic epistemic violence operates in teacher education. In this paper, systemic epistemic violence refers to the silencing of demands for justice voiced by faculty of color as well as the devaluing of counter-knowledges that draw on different epistemologies. This Testimonio highlights the way the “Othering” of faculty from racialized groups produces and protects systemic epistemic violence. “Othering” in this case does not simply refer to individual racial discrimination or oppression rooted in White fragility. Instead, it refers to the intrinsic indignities faculty of color, in this case a Chicano assistant professor, must endure when they resist ...


Directions For The Future Of Technology In Pronunciation Research And Teaching, Mary G. O'Brien, Tracey M. Derwing, Catia Cucchiarini, Debra M. Hardison, Hansjorg Mixdorff, Ron I. Thomson, Helmer Strik, John M. Levis, Murray J. Munro, Jennifer A. Foote, Greta M. Levis Feb 2019

Directions For The Future Of Technology In Pronunciation Research And Teaching, Mary G. O'Brien, Tracey M. Derwing, Catia Cucchiarini, Debra M. Hardison, Hansjorg Mixdorff, Ron I. Thomson, Helmer Strik, John M. Levis, Murray J. Munro, Jennifer A. Foote, Greta M. Levis

English Publications

This paper reports on the role of technology in state-of-the-art pronunciation research and instruction, and makes concrete suggestions for future developments. The point of departure for this contribution is that the goal of second language (L2) pronunciation research and teaching should be enhanced comprehensibility and intelligibility as opposed to native-likeness. Three main areas are covered here. We begin with a presentation of advanced uses of pronunciation technology in research with a special focus on the expertise required to carry out even small-scale investigations. Next, we discuss the nature of data in pronunciation research, pointing to ways in which future work ...


School-Based Agricultural Education Teachers’ Perceived Professional Development Needs Associated With Teaching, Classroom Management, And Technical Agriculture, Scott Smalley, Mark S. Hainline, Kelsey Sands Jan 2019

School-Based Agricultural Education Teachers’ Perceived Professional Development Needs Associated With Teaching, Classroom Management, And Technical Agriculture, Scott Smalley, Mark S. Hainline, Kelsey Sands

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Across the nation, there is a large shortage of teachers in several subject areas (Daniel, 2015; Milliard, 2015; Sutcher, Darling-Hammond, & Carver-Thomas, 2016). In agricultural education, many teachers are leaving the profession within the first five years of beginning their teaching careers (Tippens, Ricketts, Morgan, Navaro, & Flanders, 2013). Professional development opportunities for teachers can be utilized to retain teachers in the profession (Touchstone, 2015). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the professional development needs of Iowa school-based agricultural education teachers in the areas of teaching, classroom management, and technical agriculture. Motivating students to learn, teaching in a land laboratory ...


Preservice Teacher Perceptions Of The Role Of An Agriculture Teacher During Their Early Field Experience, Scott Smalley, Bryan D. Rank Jan 2019

Preservice Teacher Perceptions Of The Role Of An Agriculture Teacher During Their Early Field Experience, Scott Smalley, Bryan D. Rank

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

School-based agriculture teachers (SBAE) hold many roles inside and outside of the school. Identifying and understanding the many roles an agriculture teacher may have in their career is an important part of an early field experience (EFE). In this study, EFE students (n = 18) submitted written reflections focused on the role of an agriculture teacher. Open coding of the preservice teacher reflections revealed five themes including work-life balance, public relations, role of an FFA advisor, student success, and school responsibilities. Codes within these five themes indicate a student-centered approach among agriculture teachers. Additionally, EFE students described many school responsibilities outside ...


Social Justice Education In Rural White Schools, Nathaniel Overberg Jan 2019

Social Justice Education In Rural White Schools, Nathaniel Overberg

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


How Two Faculty Integrate Equity, Diversity, Inclusion, And Social Justice In Doctoral Education, Michael David Dupont Jan 2019

How Two Faculty Integrate Equity, Diversity, Inclusion, And Social Justice In Doctoral Education, Michael David Dupont

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine how two faculty integrate equity, diversity, inclusion, and social justice (EDISJ) within their work with doctoral education at an AAU institution within two different disciplines. Due to the understanding that doctoral students imitate and emulate behaviors and values of close advisers, mentors, and experienced faculty, examining what faculty do within the work with doctoral education regarding EDISJ remains an important aspect to understanding how social inequalities may be perpetuated or disrupted within and beyond the academy. Two sites selected were initially categorized into the “core and integral value” and “peripheral ...


U.S. Higher Education Performance-Based Funding Policy Diffusion And Its Association With State Political Ideologies And State Budgeting Taxonomies, Christopher Neary Jan 2019

U.S. Higher Education Performance-Based Funding Policy Diffusion And Its Association With State Political Ideologies And State Budgeting Taxonomies, Christopher Neary

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Performance-based funding (PBF) is an important component of many states’ higher education funding policies. A majority of U.S. states hold their public colleges accountable through the establishment of PBF indicators designed to boost student success. Recent national pushes for college student success, like the College Completion Agenda and the Complete College America Alliance, inspire a collective analysis of U.S. state PBF policies. I use document analysis and develop policy diffusion proxy models that explain commonality in various forms. My research inspires institutional leaders and state legislators to strategically fund postsecondary programs, faculty, and staff that influence student success ...


Effects Of Preseason Concussion Education On Self-Reported Likelihood And Confidence In Concussion Reporting, Dana Edward Cash Jan 2019

Effects Of Preseason Concussion Education On Self-Reported Likelihood And Confidence In Concussion Reporting, Dana Edward Cash

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Around three million concussions happen in the United States from sport and recreational activity alone, and it is estimated 50% of concussions go undiagnosed. Collegiate athletes have been found to not report their symptoms of concussion mainly because they felt their symptoms were not severe enough and they did not think there were any long-term consequences from continuing to play. This study attempts to find if preseason concussion education for collegiate hockey players and club athletes changes their perceptions about concussions, and if these changes are maintained after returning to sport/competition. This study used three identical surveys over three ...


More American Students Are Studying Abroad, New Data Show, Chad M. Gasta Nov 2018

More American Students Are Studying Abroad, New Data Show, Chad M. Gasta

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Kelsey Hrubes knew she had a challenge on her hands when she visited Germany as a study abroad student back in 2015.

“I was forced to adapt to cultural norms I had never considered before and try to comprehend everything in a new language,” recalls Hrubes, a software engineer at Microsoft and 2017 Iowa State graduate in German and computer science.

Hrubes says if she hadn’t studied abroad and learned to adjust to new surroundings, she wouldn’t be nearly as confident as she is in her career.


Writing Ourselves Into Existence: Healing Through Collaborative Curriculum Development, Bianca Ivette Laureano, Sara C. Flowers Drph Nov 2018

Writing Ourselves Into Existence: Healing Through Collaborative Curriculum Development, Bianca Ivette Laureano, Sara C. Flowers Drph

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Here we offer an open exchange / evaluation of our experience as facilitator and editor (Bianca) and writer and collaborator (Sara) during the inaugural Women of Color Sexual Health Network Curriculum Lab which took place November 2017 in New Orleans, LA. In two months, 7 women and femmes of color who are sexuality educators wrote a robust curriculum for our communities that centers pleasure, social emotional learning competencies as early Freedom Schools implemented, sex and pleasure positive, using an intersectional framework and praxis, disability justice framework, inclusive of LGBTQ communities, and does not assume HIV negative status. This is one of ...


Toward A Theory Of Engineering Professorial Intentions: The Role Of Research Group Experiences, Brian A. Burt Aug 2018

Toward A Theory Of Engineering Professorial Intentions: The Role Of Research Group Experiences, Brian A. Burt

Education Publications

This article advances the Theoretical Model of Engineering Professorial Intentions to explain why individuals do or do not choose to pursue faculty careers. A 13-month ethnographic study of members of a diverse chemical engineering research group was conducted. The resulting theoretical model accounts for six emergent components that contribute to members’ identification with faculty careers: (1) social identities and personal factors; (2) sociocultural factors; (3) participation, interactions, and learning in research group experiences; (4) faculty prototype; (5) social comparisons; and (6) individual and institutional experiences. The article concludes with implications for further research and recommendations regarding mentoring and design of ...


Perceptions Of Career And Technical Education By Pre-Service Students, Scott W. Smalley, Kelsey Sands May 2018

Perceptions Of Career And Technical Education By Pre-Service Students, Scott W. Smalley, Kelsey Sands

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Agricultural education programs are one component of Career and Technical Education (CTE). For CTE to be effective, educators teaching CTE courses must be able to make connections between the curriculum and real-life situations. This qualitative study explored self-reported perceptions of CTE by pre-service students. Wigfield and Eccles’ expectancy-value model of achievement was used as the framework for this study. Findings indicated that career and technical education provides benefits for everyone because it helps develop career skills. With the shortage of educators and budget cuts, career and technical education cannot continue to survive. Participants also describe characteristics of successful career and ...


"They Can't Expect To Be Treated Like Normal Americans So Soon": Reconceptualizing Latinx Immigrants In Social Studies Education, Ramon Vasquez Mar 2018

"They Can't Expect To Be Treated Like Normal Americans So Soon": Reconceptualizing Latinx Immigrants In Social Studies Education, Ramon Vasquez

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This autoethnography examines the experiences of an assistant professor of elementary social studies methods at a predominantly White institution (PWI). Drawing on the Latina/o Critical Race Theory (LatCrit) methodology of testimonio, the assistant professor in this study, who self-identifies as Chicano, intentionally situates Latinx immigration counter-narratives as oppositional stories to the master narrative of “who belongs.” Using a Critical Race Theory (CRT) framework for analysis, this paper argues that counter-narratives serve as necessary correctives for reconceptualizing racist, essentialist, and nativist master narratives. This paper shows how social studies education courses in teacher preparation programs (TEPs) can serve as sites ...


Immigration Policy Impasse As An Actor: A Matter Of Concern For Educators, Tobie L. Bass Mar 2018

Immigration Policy Impasse As An Actor: A Matter Of Concern For Educators, Tobie L. Bass

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This qualitative, ethnographic research inquiry intends to prompt further conversation about how scholar-practitioners in the social sciences approach divisive topics such as immigration policy in teacher education. In the U.S. Southeast, practicing K-12 teachers and the researcher-instructor participated in a federally funded English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) professional development program through a public university. The professional development program’s goal was to advance teachers’ knowledge of working with culturally and linguistically diverse students. Although the school district where the study took place has a high population of immigrant students, statewide policies prohibiting immigrant students from higher education ...


What Do They Need To Succeed? Development Of An Apparel Merchandising Competency Framework, Bertha Jacobs, Elena Karpova Jan 2018

What Do They Need To Succeed? Development Of An Apparel Merchandising Competency Framework, Bertha Jacobs, Elena Karpova

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The purpose of this study was to: (a) identify a comprehensive list of merchandising knowledge and skills through an analysis of extant research; (b) categorize these knowledge and skills to create a classification matrix; and (c) based on this matrix, develop an apparel merchandising competency framework. Content analysis was used to to analyse a total of 32 published articles in peer reviewed journals focused on K&S required for business, retail, and merchandising professionals. A total of 140 different K&S found to be important for merchandising, retail, and business positions were identified and then systematically classified. The classification procedure followed four successive stages: (1) four main constructs were identified (i.e., explicit knowledge; tacit knowledge; soft skills; hard skills); (2) seven different categories of K&S were identified (i.e., explicit knowledge: general apparel and merchandising category; tacit knowledge: experience category; soft skills: interpersonal and intrapersonal category; hard skills: technical and conceptual/thinking category); (3) 39 types of K ...


Understanding The Essential Employability Knowledge And Skills Needed For Textile And Apparel College Graduates: A Triangular Design Approach, Ting Chi, Hang Liu, Carol Salusso, Vicki Mccracken Jan 2018

Understanding The Essential Employability Knowledge And Skills Needed For Textile And Apparel College Graduates: A Triangular Design Approach, Ting Chi, Hang Liu, Carol Salusso, Vicki Mccracken

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Curriculum development, knowledge, skills, triangular approach, workforce preparedness


Re-Interpretation Of An Athleisure Young Casual Wear Line Through An Industry-Academia Cooperation Project, Sooah Choi Jan 2018

Re-Interpretation Of An Athleisure Young Casual Wear Line Through An Industry-Academia Cooperation Project, Sooah Choi

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Given the demands of practical education, today’s design education programs focus more on various industry–academia cooperation projects. Especially in the fashion design industry, professionals need to be aware of the current trends while students must be more eligible and closer to an entry-level designer who is able to perform immediately upon graduation. This case study is an industry–academia cooperation project which that served as one of the graduate fashion stages in a university in South Korea in 2016. It is a re-interpretation of an athleisure young casual wear line “Tate Like” from the Tate brand.

From this ...


Job Stress, Burnout, And Professional Development Needs Of Mid-Career Agricultural Education Teachers, Amy Smith, Scott Smalley Jan 2018

Job Stress, Burnout, And Professional Development Needs Of Mid-Career Agricultural Education Teachers, Amy Smith, Scott Smalley

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Retaining high quality school-based agricultural education teachers is a growing concern across the United States. This study focused on mid-career agricultural education teachers’ perceptions of job stress, burnout, job satisfaction, and professional development needs related to National Quality Program Standards for Secondary Agriculture Education (The National Council for Agricultural Education, 2009). The target population for this study was participants in the 2013 NAAE eXcellence in Leadership for Retention (XLR8) professional development program. Overall, XLR8 participants indicated the highest levels of job stress related to Standard 2 – Experiential Learning and Standard 7 – Program Planning and Evaluation. Participants were least stressed over ...


Early Field Experience Course Students’ Perceptions Of School-Based Agricultural Education Laboratory Environments, Trent Wells, Scott W. Smalley, Bryan D. Rank Jan 2018

Early Field Experience Course Students’ Perceptions Of School-Based Agricultural Education Laboratory Environments, Trent Wells, Scott W. Smalley, Bryan D. Rank

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Laboratory instruction is an important component of school-based agricultural education (SBAE) programs (Phipps, Osborne, Dyer, & Ball, 2008). Early field experience (EFE) coursework can be an important component of agricultural teacher preparation programs (Retallick & Miller, 2007). Through the use of a modified photovoice technique, we sought to identify the perceptions of students (i.e., preservice teachers) enrolled in an EFE course in relation to the laboratory environment component of the SBAE model. Students enrolled in a 40-hour EFE course photographed a laboratory environment at their placement site and completed a 250-word descriptive/reflective summary of the laboratory. Through open coding of the summaries, three prominent themes emerged: 1) project-based learning is widely used for instructional purposes; 2) laboratory environments are set up and arranged in particular fashions based on needs; and 3) laboratory environments are arranged as settings for effective learning. Within the photographs, the agricultural mechanics laboratory was most commonly identified as a laboratory environment. The EFE students identified laboratory environments are not always traditional in their scope, and classrooms can serve as laboratory environments. We recommend photovoice be further used as a tool to explore students’ perceptions of the realities of modern SBAE programs.


Evaluating First Year Agriculture Teachers’ Use Of Reflection, Amanda Meder, Scott Smalley, Michael Retallick Jan 2018

Evaluating First Year Agriculture Teachers’ Use Of Reflection, Amanda Meder, Scott Smalley, Michael Retallick

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Reflection is a useful tool which improves teaching approaches; however, many first-year teachers do not appear to reflect upon their instructional plans (McAlpine & Weston, 2000). Prior research has indicated preservice teachers are not utilizing the acquired reflective approaches learned throughout the teacher preparation program (Hatton & Smith, 1995; Kagan & Tippins, 1992; Reynolds, 1993). It is believed teachers fail to implement reflective practice in their professional practice because they have not acquired the pedagogical knowledge to effectively reflect (McAlpine & Weston, 2000). The primary purpose of this study was to determine if beginning agricultural education teachers employed a systematic approach of reflection, determine what components of the teacher preparation program aided in learning, how to reflect, and to examine first-year teachers’ gratification with the reflective approaches learned from Iowa ...


Factors Contributing To Illinois School-Based Agriculture Teachers’ Final Decision To Leave The Classroom, Jay K. Solomonson, Debra S. Korte, Erica B. Thieman, Michael S. Retallick, Kari H. Keating Jan 2018

Factors Contributing To Illinois School-Based Agriculture Teachers’ Final Decision To Leave The Classroom, Jay K. Solomonson, Debra S. Korte, Erica B. Thieman, Michael S. Retallick, Kari H. Keating

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Teacher attrition is a significant problem nationally and a special challenge for school-based agriculture education programs. The purpose of this study was to investigate contributing variables associated with former Illinois school-based agriculture teachers and their decision to leave the profession. A four-factor conceptual model is proposed as a framework for explaining agriculture teacher retention or attrition and includes the multivariate constructs of Personal Factors, Working Conditions, Teacher Development, and Compensation. Demographic characteristics are explored as well as difference between novice and experienced teachers and their perceptions of attrition influences. This study is unique in that it reports survey data from ...


Value Of U.S. Higher Education Among Students From China And Russia, Inna Kuznetsova Jan 2018

Value Of U.S. Higher Education Among Students From China And Russia, Inna Kuznetsova

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Chinese students are currently the largest group of international students pursuing higher education in the U.S. The number of Chinese students has been steadily increasing in the last decade, but many researchers warn that international student mobility should not be taken for granted. Other countries such as the U.K, Australia, New Zealand, and Russia have established themselves as strong competitors in the unstable international higher education market. While many Russian students pursue higher education abroad, the number of Russian international students in U.S. higher education institutions is low. Given the multiple political, economical, and educational similarities between ...


A Mixed-Methods Longitudinal Study Of New Graduate Teaching Assistants’ Commenting Beliefs And Practices, Jillian I. B. Grauman Jan 2018

A Mixed-Methods Longitudinal Study Of New Graduate Teaching Assistants’ Commenting Beliefs And Practices, Jillian I. B. Grauman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Although research on teachers’ comments on student papers is fairly common and has remained an ongoing area of interest since at least the 1970s, composition studies has not yet investigated how teachers’ commenting beliefs and practices change over time, particularly graduate teaching assistants’ (GTAs’) commenting practices. GTAs are an important subgroup of composition instructors to study because not only do they teach a considerable number of first-year composition (FYC) classes across the country, they are also the future of the profession. This dissertation reports the results of a mixed-methods longitudinal study of novice GTAs’ commenting beliefs (i.e., goals, perceived ...


Civic Engagement In Young Adulthood: Social Capital And The Mediating Effects Of Postsecondary Educational Attainment, Kevin M. Hemer Jan 2018

Civic Engagement In Young Adulthood: Social Capital And The Mediating Effects Of Postsecondary Educational Attainment, Kevin M. Hemer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Civic Engagement has two purposes in American society. The first is to maintain democracy and democratic institutions; the second is to serve as a pathway for maturation into adulthood. Utilizing data from The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), we investigate how adolescent experiences with schools and families impact young adult’s political (voting) and nonpolitical (volunteering) civic engagement and the mediating role postsecondary educational attainment may have in this process. Utilizing measures of adolescent bonding and bridging social capital, as well as human and financial capital, this investigation takes a life course perspective and relies ...


Grateful/Ungrateful, White/Not-White, Asian/Not-Asian: A Study Of East Asian Transracial-Transnational Adoptees, Justin Paul Winkel Jan 2018

Grateful/Ungrateful, White/Not-White, Asian/Not-Asian: A Study Of East Asian Transracial-Transnational Adoptees, Justin Paul Winkel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Transracial-transnational adoptees represent a marginal, sometimes invisible group within communities of color, including the Asian American community. Their social networks, and the way they forge friendships and relationships represent a complicated navigation of not just common social structures, but also a maze of social identities that many of these adoptees are caught between. The way these adoptees view their own identities influences whom with, and under what context they socialize. Experiences that construct ideas of membership and participation for adoptees are often thought to be unpredictable and inconsistent. This study seeks to better understand these narratives by examining the first ...


Iowa High School Agriculture Teachers' Motivations To Teach, Personal And Professional Needs, And Career Satisfaction In The Teaching Profession, Normala Ismail Jan 2018

Iowa High School Agriculture Teachers' Motivations To Teach, Personal And Professional Needs, And Career Satisfaction In The Teaching Profession, Normala Ismail

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence high school agriculture teachers’ motivations to teach, personal and professional needs that influence high school agriculture teachers’ intentions to continue teaching, and career satisfaction of high school agriculture teachers. This was a descriptive census survey study of all high school agriculture teachers in Iowa. The study addressed three objectives: 1) Describe the factors that motivate high school agriculture teachers to teach; 2) Describe the personal and professional needs that influence high school agriculture teachers’ intentions to continue teaching; and 3) Evaluate the career satisfaction of high school ...


An Assessment Tool To Determine The Appropriateness Of Engineering Design Projects For Gender Bias, Ambiguity, And Major Relatedness, Shubham Prashant Khoje Jan 2018

An Assessment Tool To Determine The Appropriateness Of Engineering Design Projects For Gender Bias, Ambiguity, And Major Relatedness, Shubham Prashant Khoje

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Engineering design learning is one of the critical components for an engineering

degree; thus, engineering design projects are commonly included in engineering curricula

to help students cultivate design thinking and creative problem-solving skills. However,

an engineering design project is prone to the following issues if it is not appropriately

provided to engineering students. First, gender bias can occur when the design project is

perceived to be more skewed to one gender in comparison to the other. Second, major

relatedness can occur when the discipline of the design project is not related to the chosen

major and interest areas of a ...


Science Learning Opportunities And The Project Approach In Preschool Classrooms, Melissa Clucas Jan 2018

Science Learning Opportunities And The Project Approach In Preschool Classrooms, Melissa Clucas

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Effective early science learning opportunities are critical for young children to build a solid foundation for subsequent development of concepts, as well as positive attitudes towards science (Eshach & Fried, 2005). However, these opportunities are often lacking in typical preschool classrooms (Connor, Morrison, & Slominski, 2006; Early et al., 2010). A multiple case study design was used to examine science learning opportunities in preschool classrooms using the Project Approach (PA; Helm & Katz, 2011). Guided by theoretical tenets from Dewey, Piaget, and Vygotsky, this study sought to explore the feasibility and efficacy of using the PA to promote high-quality science learning opportunities by examining the specific strategies teachers used to plan for authentic and meaningful experiences, structure the environment ...


The Problem With Homesickness: A New Way Of Coming Home, Carolyn Jean Duven Jan 2018

The Problem With Homesickness: A New Way Of Coming Home, Carolyn Jean Duven

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation responds to two aspects of the homesickness literature: its characterization as a mental health concern, and its lack of empirical attention in the United States. The purpose of this study was to develop a theoretical understanding of homesickness oriented to an affirming and sociocultural lens, and to do so in the context of current higher education settings in the U.S. Using grounded theory and arts-based inquiry methodologies, homesickness was explored from multiple perspectives by using participant data. The results challenge previous deficit-oriented theoretical frameworks of homesickness, noting it instead as a natural developmental process the participants underwent ...


A Qualitative Study Of Rural Community College White Faculty (Mis)Understanding Of Diversity, Ladrina Nicole Wilson Jan 2018

A Qualitative Study Of Rural Community College White Faculty (Mis)Understanding Of Diversity, Ladrina Nicole Wilson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the perceptions of white faculty teaching in rural community college in hopes of identifying how these faculty understand or appreciate the importance of diversity in their institution’s commitment and in their classroom. Case study methodology was used to examine the perceptions of six white faculty in one rural institution in the Midwest. Using White Racial Consciousness Model and Bronfenbrenner’s Ecology of Human Development Model as the theoretical underpinning, four themes emerging through the participants’ narratives gathered from the data collection and analysis: (1) Feeling Othered; (2) Operationalizing Diversity; (e) Historical and Hypothetical Privilege; and (4 ...