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Iowa State University

Psychiatry and Psychology

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Automatization And Transfer Of Alphabet Arithmetic, Number Comparison, And Object Comparison Among Intellectually Gifted Youth, Average-Ability Youth, And College Students , Melissa L. Lopez Reyes Jan 1996

Automatization And Transfer Of Alphabet Arithmetic, Number Comparison, And Object Comparison Among Intellectually Gifted Youth, Average-Ability Youth, And College Students , Melissa L. Lopez Reyes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two experiments were conducted to determine how performance is influenced by intellectual abilities of learners and by similarity between training and transfer stimuli. Participants trained for automatization by repeatedly performing a task on the same stimuli, and then worked on the same task as in training but with novel stimuli;In Experiment 1, gifted and average-ability youth and college students trained on alphabet arithmetic (A + 4 = E) and worked on transfer equations: commutativity (4 + A = E), reflexivity (E = A + 4), subtraction (E - A = 4), and add-one (A + 5 = F). Response-time data were linearly regressed on digits of equations. A decreasing ...