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Full-Text Articles in Education

Mental Noise, Devon O'Brien, Luke Elzinga, Kait Mckinney May 2015

Mental Noise, Devon O'Brien, Luke Elzinga, Kait Mckinney

Ethos

College can be a big change from the high school routine, and students deal with stress every day. But at what point do the stresses of school and life become more than just daily struggles? Every day, Heather Rennerfeldt would open her books to study. She would read a few lines, and instantly the panic would set in. Her heart would race and the sweating couldn’t be stopped, either. The only thing Heather could do to end it was shut her book and walk away. But it didn’t stop there. She looked like any other college student, and ...


Asian International Students' Ethnic Identity, Spirituality, Acculturation, And Experience Of Racism: Relationship With Attitude Toward Seeking Professional Therapeutic Help , Anthony D. Santiago Jan 2005

Asian International Students' Ethnic Identity, Spirituality, Acculturation, And Experience Of Racism: Relationship With Attitude Toward Seeking Professional Therapeutic Help , Anthony D. Santiago

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The number of international students continues to grow in the United States, especially students from the Asian continent. However, research continues to show that Asian international students tend to under-use therapeutic services, even though they experience many of the common problems that all students face entering college. Before mental health practitioners and therapists can effectively work with these students, they need to understand international students in terms of their attitudes toward seeking professional therapeutic help and various proximal variables that may influence their attitudes.;The present study examined the relationship between ethnic identity, spirituality, acculturation, and racism with attitudes toward ...


Concurrent Validity Of The 2004 Strong Interest Inventory: An Examination Of Gender And College Major , Courtney Elaine Gasser Jan 2005

Concurrent Validity Of The 2004 Strong Interest Inventory: An Examination Of Gender And College Major , Courtney Elaine Gasser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

To keep abreast of the advent of new occupations and majors, the 1994 Strong Interest Inventory (SII) was revised in 2004. This study examined the concurrent validity of the 2004 Strong Interest Inventory, primarily investigating the scales abilities to differentiate between different college majors for women. Discriminant analyses were used to examine the ability of the 41 scales of the SII to separate 31 college majors. Of the 41 scales, 39 scales were statistically significant in separating college majors for women. In addition, the utility of specific sets of scales and the cumulative ability of sets of SII scales to ...


Online Counseling: Dynamics Of Process And Assessment , Michael John Mallen Jan 2005

Online Counseling: Dynamics Of Process And Assessment , Michael John Mallen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The rise in popularity and use of computer-mediated modes of communication such as email and synchronous chat have resulted in the potential for new delivery methods of mental health services. The present study investigated the dynamics of an initial counseling session held in a synchronous chat environment between therapists-in-training at various graduate programs across the country and a trained confederate posing as a client. Transcripts from the online sessions were analyzed to investigate therapist responses and interventions in the online environment. Therapists-in-training were also asked to respond to questions concerning their satisfaction with the experience, the relationship they were able ...


Assessing The Relationship Between Encouragement And Social Interest: An Adlerian Perspective , Michael Patrick Mcclain Jan 2005

Assessing The Relationship Between Encouragement And Social Interest: An Adlerian Perspective , Michael Patrick Mcclain

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research utilized data from Reconnecting Youth in Iowa, a positive youth development program for at-risk students, to assess the relationship between two Adlerian psychology constructs: encouragement and social interest. Relevant survey questions utilized in outcome studies for the program were clustered into the theoretical constructs. Pearson product moment correlations revealed broad correlations between indicators of encouragement and social interest. Analysis of variance revealed there were significant difference between high, moderate, and low levels of encouragement on most social interest indicators. Implications for helping professionals and programmatic efforts are discussed.


An Exploration Of The Current Involvement Of School Psychologists In Prevention Programming , Melissa Bernadine Cermak Jan 2005

An Exploration Of The Current Involvement Of School Psychologists In Prevention Programming , Melissa Bernadine Cermak

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

School psychologists have been seeking to identify the ways in which they can have the greatest impact on the schools, students, and families they serve, while expressing a desire to decrease their involvement in the role of "gate keepers" for special education. With recent reforms in education and health care and a growing awareness of the mental health needs of children and adolescents, school psychologists have been called to expand their roles, taking greater leadership in comprehensive systems of care. Prevention, particularly primary prevention, has been identified as a key area for role expansion, along with being a cost-effective means ...


The Preparation Of Pastors In Premarital Counseling , Jeffrey Karl Buikema Jan 2001

The Preparation Of Pastors In Premarital Counseling , Jeffrey Karl Buikema

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Historically, clergy have been the primary providers of premarital counseling (PMC). Over the past 50 years, limited research has been focused on the preparation needs of pastors in PMC. When asked, they claimed to feel inadequate as PMC providers. They cited inadequate seminary education as the reason (Babb, 1992; Buikema, 1999; Ipes, 1982; Loskot, 1993; Stahmann & Hiebert, 1997).;The purpose of this qualitative research study was to examine the "lived experience" of pastors and their PMC ring needs by seeking their direct input. Twelve interviews were conducted. The researcher developed a 10-question protocol based on his previous research on PMC (Buikema, 1999 ...


Training Teachers To Give Effective Commands: Effects On Student Compliance, Academic Engagement, And Academic Responding , Andrea Renee Starkweather-Lund Jan 2001

Training Teachers To Give Effective Commands: Effects On Student Compliance, Academic Engagement, And Academic Responding , Andrea Renee Starkweather-Lund

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study, using a multiple baseline design across subjects, evaluated whether training teachers to give effective commands alone and in combination with verbal praise for appropriate classroom behavior and compliance would result in increased compliance, academic engagement and academic responding. Results indicate that increasing effective teacher commands resulted in increased rates of student compliance of 7% for Student one, 15% for Student Two, and 17% for Student Three during the effective commands alone phase of the study. Total compliance was increased over baseline 17% for Student One, 28% for Student Two, and 23% for Student Three across all phases ...


Hostage To Outcome Based Education: A Case Study Of A Superintendent's Stress And Suicide , Leonard Victor Larsen Jan 2000

Hostage To Outcome Based Education: A Case Study Of A Superintendent's Stress And Suicide , Leonard Victor Larsen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was to increase the understanding of the dynamics of administrative negative stress on a school superintendent. This case study focused on Philip Derts (pseudonyms are employed), a superintendent supporting Outcome Based Education in the Black Rock School District during the early 1990s, and the challenges he encountered through community opposition to OBE. Derts suffered due to his internal conflict between his religious beliefs and educational beliefs and committed suicide;A qualitative narrative emerged from the data gathered from extensive court records, documents, and interviews. A timeline served as a chronological summary of the events described ...


Differences In Interhemispheric Interaction During Visual Information Processing In Mathematically Gifted Youth, Average Ability Adolescents, And College Students , Harnam Singh Jan 2000

Differences In Interhemispheric Interaction During Visual Information Processing In Mathematically Gifted Youth, Average Ability Adolescents, And College Students , Harnam Singh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the current research was to study the interhemispheric interaction in the brains of mathematically gifted youth, average ability adolescents, and college students. This study investigated the efficiency of interhemispheric interaction via the corpus callosum for brief displays of hierarchical stimuli under these conditions: (1) when both hemispheres have direct access to the visual information for performing global/local matches (i.e., bilateral redundant trials), (2) when the information necessary to perform such matches is divided between the visual-fields/hemispheres, thus forcing the hemispheres to exchange information to successfully perform the task (i.e., bilateral cooperative trials), and ...


Social Information Processing In Children: Sequential Relations And Syndrome Specificity , Timi Dee Friederichs Jordison Jan 1999

Social Information Processing In Children: Sequential Relations And Syndrome Specificity , Timi Dee Friederichs Jordison

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined social information processing as a function of level of depression, anxiety, aggression and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children. Multiple informants were used to identify symptoms of depression, anxiety, aggression and ADHD in 141 fifth grade children in an Iowa middle school. 91 of these students were randomly selected to be interviewed with an instrument consisting of six vignettes depicting social situations relevant to this age group. Four stages of social information processing were studied: (a) interpretation of cues, (b) goal clarification (i.e., goal generation and evaluation), (c) response generation and (d) response evaluation. The ...


The Effect Of Varying Data Collection Techniques In Evaluating The Impact Of A Social Problem Solving Curriculum , John Frederick Tompkins Jan 1999

The Effect Of Varying Data Collection Techniques In Evaluating The Impact Of A Social Problem Solving Curriculum , John Frederick Tompkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The ability to apply techniques associated with problem solving and decision making has been identified as an area receiving significant emphasis in today's educational programming. Goodman, Gravitt and Kaslow (1995) found that children who had experienced a high impact of negative life events with less effective social problem solving skills reported higher levels of depression compared to children that exhibited more effective social problem solving skills. The following questions are posed as problem statements for this study: (1) Is student performance in social problem solving measured in a one-to-one structured interview enhanced when demonstration or application of skills is ...


Day Treatment: Development Of A Model Program And Determination Of Its Effects On 13-21 Year Olds , Thomas Joseph Gehlsen Jan 1998

Day Treatment: Development Of A Model Program And Determination Of Its Effects On 13-21 Year Olds , Thomas Joseph Gehlsen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

For decades there has been a need in communities to provide a collaborative series of services to the emotionally and behaviorally disordered adolescent. These services need to be provided in a lesser restrictive environment other than a residential setting but more restrictive that a mainstream educational setting. In this completed study, the purpose was to describe an ecological treatment program for Behavior Disorder/Severely Emotionally Disturbed adolescents. The question, "How did the development of this type of treatment program come about and how did the effects of the program make the coordinated efforts of various local agencies a state and ...


Functional Behavioral Assessment: An Evaluation Of Continuing Education Variables Related To Support Staff Use In School Settings , Susan Marie Ward Jan 1998

Functional Behavioral Assessment: An Evaluation Of Continuing Education Variables Related To Support Staff Use In School Settings , Susan Marie Ward

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is an increasing need to address behavioral issues in the public schools. School psychologists and other support staff frequently consult with teachers and parents when students exhibit a variety of academic or behavioral problems, yet children with severe emotional disturbance (SED) or behavior disorders (BD) are often considered to present some of the most difficult cases (Shapiro, 1991). School districts are facing growing expectations to include all students; however many support staff do not have the training or resources to implement interventions that are effective for students with histories of aggression, self injury and property destruction (O'Neill, William ...


An Analysis Of Request-Centered Relational Communication Within Behavioral Consultation Using A Sample Of Practicing School Psychologists , Tracey Lynn Johnson Jan 1997

An Analysis Of Request-Centered Relational Communication Within Behavioral Consultation Using A Sample Of Practicing School Psychologists , Tracey Lynn Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Folger and Puck (1976) request-centered relational communication coding system was used to examine the relationship between measures of consultant and consultee control in behavioral consultation and (a) consultee satisfaction; (b) client behavior change; (c) perceived treatment integrity; and (d) perceptions of client behavior change. School psychologists from across Iowa served as consultants to one consultee each across three problem-solving interviews. The Problem Identification Interview was audiotaped and request-response transactions were coded. Requests were coded as either: dominant, dominant-affiliative, or submissive and served as measures of consultant and consultee control. Measures of consultant and consultee control and the outcome measures ...


Automatization And Transfer Of Alphabet Arithmetic, Number Comparison, And Object Comparison Among Intellectually Gifted Youth, Average-Ability Youth, And College Students , Melissa L. Lopez Reyes Jan 1996

Automatization And Transfer Of Alphabet Arithmetic, Number Comparison, And Object Comparison Among Intellectually Gifted Youth, Average-Ability Youth, And College Students , Melissa L. Lopez Reyes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two experiments were conducted to determine how performance is influenced by intellectual abilities of learners and by similarity between training and transfer stimuli. Participants trained for automatization by repeatedly performing a task on the same stimuli, and then worked on the same task as in training but with novel stimuli;In Experiment 1, gifted and average-ability youth and college students trained on alphabet arithmetic (A + 4 = E) and worked on transfer equations: commutativity (4 + A = E), reflexivity (E = A + 4), subtraction (E - A = 4), and add-one (A + 5 = F). Response-time data were linearly regressed on digits of equations. A decreasing ...


The Impact Of Enhancing A Behavioral Program For Children With Severe Behavioral Disorders By Promoting Parents' Coherent Life Story , Susan Kathryn Schiltz-Day Jan 1996

The Impact Of Enhancing A Behavioral Program For Children With Severe Behavioral Disorders By Promoting Parents' Coherent Life Story , Susan Kathryn Schiltz-Day

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of enhancing an already existing day treatment program for youth with severe behavior disorders. The intervention consisted of a short-term parent therapy group which operationalized elements of attachment theory and narrative therapy and then compared this to the program's regular treatment. This group focused on assisting parents (1) to review their past for a coherent story, (2) to identify and utilize a parenting strength, and (3) to voice their hopes and fears to their child with an emphasis on the child's potential. The effectiveness of this pilot group ...


Expectations And Job Search Behavior Among Graduating University Seniors , Anna Rebekah Erickson Jan 1995

Expectations And Job Search Behavior Among Graduating University Seniors , Anna Rebekah Erickson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to examine the effects of expectations on the job search activity of university seniors. Participants included 370 graduating seniors (194 male, 171 female) at Iowa State University. The questionnaire was designed to measure attitudes toward job searching, expectation about the job market, and job search activity. Attitudes toward job searching was measured using the Career Locus of Control Scale (Trice, Haire & Elliott, 1989); the Job Search Self-Efficacy portion of the Outplacement Needs Inventory (Kanfer & Hulin, 1985); and the Job Seeking Confidence scale developed by the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan (van Ryn & Vinokur, 1992). Expectations about the job market were measured with the Employment Outlook segment of the Career Exploration Survey (Stumpf, Colarelli & Hartman, 1983); and the Business Conditions ...


Women In Engineering: Factors Affecting Persistence And Attrition In College Majors , Kathleen Galvin Schaefers Jan 1993

Women In Engineering: Factors Affecting Persistence And Attrition In College Majors , Kathleen Galvin Schaefers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined factors related to persistence in engineering and related college majors, with attention to women's experiences. Participants were 278 upper-class undergraduates (135 women and 143 men) who as freshmen entered the college of engineering at a large midwestern university. Persisters in engineering, physical science, and mathematics were compared with those who did not persist. Participants completed a survey questionnaire, including variables predicted by self-efficacy theory (Bandura, 1986), expectancy-valence theory (Vroom, 1964), and interest congruence theory (Holland, 1973). Social support/environmental barriers, grade point averages, pre-college ability, and interests also were included. Four sources of self-efficacy information (personal ...


Effectiveness Of Training On Algorithms Versus Notation For Indirect Addressing Comprehension , Robert Dee Franks Jan 1992

Effectiveness Of Training On Algorithms Versus Notation For Indirect Addressing Comprehension , Robert Dee Franks

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compared two units of instruction for overcoming difficulties of beginning programmers in understanding and implementing strategies of indirect addressing. One of the units emphasized the algorithms in which indirection was used, whereas the other unit emphasized indirect notation. Both instructional units were delivered by computer to two introduction to Pascal programming classes. Students in each class were randomly divided so that each student used one or the other of the two units;These units were used prior to and were supplementary to three lectures covering indirect notation. The effectiveness of the units were determined by two posttests. One ...


Senior Center Counseling Services: A National Survey, James Dean Thompson Jan 1992

Senior Center Counseling Services: A National Survey, James Dean Thompson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two hundred twenty-eight National Institute of Senior Center members, representing a 50.1% response rate to a national survey, completed a questionnaire regarding their centers' present or potential counseling services. Respondents indicated that beginning or continuing to offer counseling programs was important and necessary. Results revealed that lack of funding was the primary reason for not offering or discontinuing counseling services;Almost 45% of the responding centers reported offering counseling for their participants. These centers indicated that, on average, over 65 clients or over 7% of the centers' participants, were utilizing their counseling services. In addition, centers offering counseling programs ...


A Client-Based Description Of Reflecting Team-Work In Family Therapy , David Norton Brown Jan 1992

A Client-Based Description Of Reflecting Team-Work In Family Therapy , David Norton Brown

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Though the practice of reflecting team-work has a strong theoretical base there has been little research examining its actual use. What has been written is primarily based on the therapist's and/or supervisor's experience, rather than the client's. This dissertation describes clients' perceptions of two different strategies of reflecting team-work that emerged from interviews conducted and analyzed using a moderately structured ethnographic interview methodology. The primary results suggested that reflecting team-work was helpful in providing clients with different perspectives; that in-room teams should be used sparingly during early therapy; that teams should reflect at least twice in-session ...


Consumers' Conceptualization Of Apparel Attributes And Apparel Quality , Liza Kovilagathu Abraham Jan 1992

Consumers' Conceptualization Of Apparel Attributes And Apparel Quality , Liza Kovilagathu Abraham

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Examining the attributes that affect consumers' perceptions of product quality has been of pivotal interest in marketing research. The objectives of this study were (1) to identify and classify attributes that play a significant role at time of purchase and during use of apparel, (2) to compare expectations of apparel attributes at time of purchase with perceptions of attributes as the apparel product is being used, (3) to identify attributes that are predictors of perceived quality at expectation stage and at the post-purchase evaluation stage, and (4) to propose a model for consumers' perceptions of apparel quality;Five focus group ...


Undergraduate Student Perceptions Of Academic Dishonesty As A Function Of Ethnicity And Religious Participation , Edward Michael Sutton Jan 1991

Undergraduate Student Perceptions Of Academic Dishonesty As A Function Of Ethnicity And Religious Participation , Edward Michael Sutton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose was to examine undergraduates' perceptions of the nature, frequency, and possible justification of dishonest behaviors in relation to ethnicity (African-American, White American) and religious involvement (low, medium and high);Fifteen dishonest behaviors were presented. Those rated "definitely cheating" were: taking an exam for another student, copying from someone's exam, giving or receiving signals and/or answers during an exam, using unauthorized exam notes, turning in a commercially prepared paper or one written by another student;Behaviors considered "probably cheating" were: bringing information to an exam on a disc, arranging seating in advance to facilitate copying, turning in ...


Enhancing Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Via A University Career Course Intervention , Craig Allan Oreshnick Jan 1991

Enhancing Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Via A University Career Course Intervention , Craig Allan Oreshnick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study further evaluated the extension of Bandura's self-efficacy (SE) theory to the career decision-making (CDM) domain. The purposes of this investigation were to: (a) evaluate the effectiveness of a SE based career intervention using various outcome variables, including measures of CDM self-efficacy and career indecision; (b) examine the relationship between CDM self-efficacy and CDM task (performance) success, CDM anxiety, and career indecision (decidedness); and (c) further evaluate the validity of the Short-Form Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Scale (SFCDMSE). Subjects consisted of 159 college students, primarily undergraduates, who participated in either a career decision-making and planning course (treatment group ...


A Descriptive And Evaluative Examiniation Of Iowa Behavior Disorder Students, Procedures, And Programs , Todd Charles Reiher Jan 1990

A Descriptive And Evaluative Examiniation Of Iowa Behavior Disorder Students, Procedures, And Programs , Todd Charles Reiher

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study described and evaluated a broad array of the practices in the education and treatment of behaviorally disordered (BD) students in Iowa. A 10% random sample of BD students, stratified by Area Education Agency and program model, was selected for study. A data collection instrument was distributed to the special education support personnel and teachers of these students asking for information regarding student characteristics, teacher characteristics, program characteristics, evaluation and placement procedures, the individualized education program, curriculum and intervention, support services, and integration/exit procedures. Of 632 instruments distributed, 463 were returned for an overall return rate of 73 ...