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Full-Text Articles in Education

Presenting Data Effectively: Communicating Your Findings For Maximum Impact, Nancy K. Franz Dec 2014

Presenting Data Effectively: Communicating Your Findings For Maximum Impact, Nancy K. Franz

Extension and Outreach Research and Scholarship

As program evaluators we aspire to conduct sterling evaluations. However, the value of these evaluations quickly declines if we fail to effectively communicate findings in meaningful ways to stakeholders. In my work presenting data to a wide variety of audiences from elected officials to university leaders, coworkers, academics, and partner organizations, I have put effort into being concise, accurate, and clear in my communications. I have been less intentional about designing the graphics and other elements of data presentation in ways that align with how our brains operate and how we best retain information. So I was very curious about ...


The Role Of Evaluation In Determining The Public Value Of Extension, Nancy K. Franz, Mary Arnold, Sarah Baughman Aug 2014

The Role Of Evaluation In Determining The Public Value Of Extension, Nancy K. Franz, Mary Arnold, Sarah Baughman

Extension and Outreach Research and Scholarship

Extension has developed a strong evaluation culture across the system for the last 15 years. Yet measures are still limited to the private value of programs, looking at problems in a linear way and at isolated efforts. Across the country, Extension evaluators and administrators need to step up to help answer the "so what?" question about complex issues and related programming through stronger evaluation that leads to articulating the public value of Extension work.


Eastern Dreams: Alternative Pathways For Chinese Students Pursuing Baccalaureate Degrees In The United States, Linda Serra Hagedorn, Jiayi Hu Apr 2014

Eastern Dreams: Alternative Pathways For Chinese Students Pursuing Baccalaureate Degrees In The United States, Linda Serra Hagedorn, Jiayi Hu

Education Publications

The number of international students pursuing postsecondary degrees in the United States has increased consistently over the past several years (Institute of International Education 2012, 2013). In fact, the most recent report— for academic year 2012–13—indicates that compared to the previous academic year, the number of international students at U.S. colleges and universities increased by 7.2 percent, to more than 800,000. Students from China lead this global trend, accounting for 28.7 percent of all international postsecondary students in the United States. Moreover, the number of Chinese students studying in the United States continues to ...


Hotel Employees' Perceptions Of Supervisors' Servant Leadership Behaviors, And Relationships With Employees' Affective Commitment, Ruya Han Jan 2014

Hotel Employees' Perceptions Of Supervisors' Servant Leadership Behaviors, And Relationships With Employees' Affective Commitment, Ruya Han

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess hotel employees' perceptions of their present supervisors' servant leadership (SL) behaviors and the relationship of these behaviors with hotel employees' self-reported affective commitment (AC). There were 127 hotel employees who filled out the web-based surveys completed by 127 hotel employees working in the State of Iowa. The results indicated that hotel employees perceived their present supervisors' SL behaviors differently based on demographics. In addition, employees' perceptions of SL behaviors were positively correlated with their AC to the hotels. This study provides an empirical research of SL theory in the hotel industry and ...


Production Information Needs Of American Boer Goat Association Members In The Midwestern United States, Elise Nicole Gallet De St. Aurin Jan 2014

Production Information Needs Of American Boer Goat Association Members In The Midwestern United States, Elise Nicole Gallet De St. Aurin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The goat industry in the United States is growing. The low input costs of production (USDA, 2005) has attributed to the gaining popularity of goats to producers in developed countries, such as the United States. With this growth comes a demand for a quality product to allow producers to compete in a growing world market. Without timely and adequate information producers could get pushed out of the market because of a less than standard product.

The purpose of this study was to determine the adequacy in terms of quality and quantity of the goat production information available to producers. This ...


Identifying The Effects Of Human Factors And Training Methods On A Weld Training Program, Alex Preston Byrd Jan 2014

Identifying The Effects Of Human Factors And Training Methods On A Weld Training Program, Alex Preston Byrd

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to enhance the welding training programs in technical colleges, post-secondary institutions, and industry to prepare certified welders. This dissertation contains three papers: (1) a study describing the ability of dexterity to predict future performance in beginning welders, (2) a study identifying the ability of virtual reality welding simulation to reduce the amount of anxiety experienced by beginning welders when completing test welds, and (3) a descriptive study assessing the ability of virtual reality welding simulations to evaluate seasoned welders.

With a high demand for certified welders, training programs need efficient methods of preparing certified ...


A Multiple Case Study Of Professional Development And Perspective Change Within The Cooperative Extensive Service, Judith Myers Levings Jan 2014

A Multiple Case Study Of Professional Development And Perspective Change Within The Cooperative Extensive Service, Judith Myers Levings

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This multi-case study explored individual and organizational perspective change by analyzing two long-term, management-supported professional development courses within the Cooperative Extension Service (CES). Data sources consisted of a survey of course participants, and interviews of selected participants and course designers. More than one half of the participants in both courses self-reported a perspective change, although only 5 of the 16 participant interviews revealed premise reflection--a necessary condition in this study for a perspective change. Seven learning themes were identified, five of which were similar to the transformational learning phases identified by Mezirow (1991). The two themes not similar to Mezirow ...


Extension Program Needs By Farmers In Tanzania: A Descriptive Study, Kabura James Philip Jan 2014

Extension Program Needs By Farmers In Tanzania: A Descriptive Study, Kabura James Philip

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The agricultural sector in Tanzania is the backbone of economic and social development of her citizens who's liveli-hood depends on this sector for more than seventy five percent of the economy. Until significant efforts are undertaken to the make the agricultural sector move forward, Tanzania will lag behind in food security and abject poverty alleviation. Strengthening agricultural extension services is paramount for attainment of genuine economic growth in the country and sub-Saharan Africa as a whole.

This descriptive study explored the extent to which Extension Programs meet farmer needs in the Ngorongoro district of Tanzania. The main objectives of ...


Perceptions Of Secondary School Agriculture Teachers Regarding Biomass Production Education In Iowa, Guang Han Jan 2014

Perceptions Of Secondary School Agriculture Teachers Regarding Biomass Production Education In Iowa, Guang Han

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With the boom of biorenewable energy, biomass production has become an important segment in agriculture industry (Iowa Energy Center, 2013). A higher workforce will be needed for this burgeoning biomass energy industry (Iowa Workforce Development, n. d.). Instructional topics in agricultural education should take the form of

problems and questions faced by the agriculture industry itself (Phipps, Osborne, Dyer, & Ball, 2008). This study sought to assess the perceptions of secondary agriculture teachers regarding biomass production education in Iowa. Results of this study indicated that teachers held strongly to moderately positive perceptions toward biomass production and moderately positive perceptions toward teaching ...


Spanish/English Bilinguals' Strategies For Finding Bias In Historical Texts, Theresa A. Orlovsky Jan 2014

Spanish/English Bilinguals' Strategies For Finding Bias In Historical Texts, Theresa A. Orlovsky

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates the literacy resources and strategies Spanish/English bilinguals use to detect bias in a propaganda text. Drawing upon previous work done in history literacy by Schleppegrell, Achugar, and Oteiza (2004), this study presented participants with a propaganda text from Nazi Germany which criticizes Albert Einstein. Without knowing the context of the article, participants responded to discussion questions which investigated whether participants could detect the bias, what literacy strategies the participants used to find the bias, and whether and how the participants perceived differences between reading the text in their first (L1) and second languages (L2). Overall, the ...


A Qualitative Look At Middle Ses Preschoolers: Media Consumption And Social Behaviors, Jaime S. Bell Jan 2014

A Qualitative Look At Middle Ses Preschoolers: Media Consumption And Social Behaviors, Jaime S. Bell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Young children are being exposed to more television than what is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics and previous research has shown that aggression and violence can be correlated with cartoon exposure. However, little research has explored the influence on cartoon viewing on preschoolers in their typical home environments. Using social learning theory as a guide, this research used in depth interviews with parents and caregivers of preschoolers for insight into what types and amount of content preschoolers are consuming and what behaviors observers are witnessing after exposure. Contrary to expectations, participants of this study seemed to perceive more ...


Social Capital, Agricultural Technical Assistance, Access To Productive Resources, And Food Security In Post-Conflict Lira, Northern Uganda, Joseph Deng Malual Jan 2014

Social Capital, Agricultural Technical Assistance, Access To Productive Resources, And Food Security In Post-Conflict Lira, Northern Uganda, Joseph Deng Malual

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the link between social capital and access to productive resources particularly land, labor, information, and credit, as well as the impact of agricultural technical assistance on resource access among formerly-displaced farm households in Lira, northern Uganda. The study also explored whether established associations between social capital and food security are also observed in post-conflict situations. Food security was measured using the validated Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS). Data were collected from March-July 2011 through interviews with 221 heads of household. The study identified socio-demographic and socio-economic factors that influence and differentiate households in terms of access ...


Perceptions Regarding Importance And Frequency Of Use Of Selected Communication Tools By Iowa Cattle Producers, Jaclyn F. Tweeten Jan 2014

Perceptions Regarding Importance And Frequency Of Use Of Selected Communication Tools By Iowa Cattle Producers, Jaclyn F. Tweeten

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

New technologies have profoundly affected the agricultural industry in the twentieth century. Within the agriculture industry numerous forms of communication exist. Forms of communication accessible to cattle producers and industry leaders include face-to-face, print media, electronic media, and social media. With several communication tools available to producers it is imperative to understand producers' perceived importance and usage of these communication tools. Understanding the usage of communication tools by cattle producers will help beef industry partners, beef breed associations, and the overall beef industry to better communicate with producers. Nonetheless, if electronic forms of communication provide quick access to information, one ...


People In Ecosystems/Watershed Integration: Visualizing Ecosystem Services Tradeoffs In Agricultural Landscapes, Carrie Michelle Chennault Jan 2014

People In Ecosystems/Watershed Integration: Visualizing Ecosystem Services Tradeoffs In Agricultural Landscapes, Carrie Michelle Chennault

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Educational modeling in agricultural and environmental sciences provides access to the scientific knowledge needed to address local and global challenges that affect human wellbeing. Ecosystem services tradeoffs frameworks can enhance wellbeing by facilitating agricultural landscape design to produce multiple ecosystem services while maintaining farmer profitability and mitigating risk to farmers. At present, few broadly accessible tools evaluate how changes to land management affect the types and levels of ecosystem services delivered to humans. I developed a tool, People in Ecosystems/Watershed Integration version 2 (PE/WI or PE/WI v2), to fill this gap and foster multidimensional and integrative land ...


Safety Issues Of Children Age 3-5 Years In School Classrooms: A Perspective Of Classrooms In The United States, Weiqi Chu Jan 2014

Safety Issues Of Children Age 3-5 Years In School Classrooms: A Perspective Of Classrooms In The United States, Weiqi Chu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Interior design is an established industry in the United States with its profits well known to be a good contribution to the national economic growth. Some effort has been made by U.S. Design Council to make sure that the interior design of buildings promotes good health and comfort. Questions have been raised about the safety of U.S. classrooms meant for elementary-level children, specifically those under than 5 years of age. This formed the basis of this research, which unraveled the separate interior design elements of elementary classrooms and their effects on pupils' learning and health. Data were collected ...


Iowa Agricultural Educators' Current Grading Practices And Perceptions Of Standards-Based Grading, Jenny Ann Lichty Jan 2014

Iowa Agricultural Educators' Current Grading Practices And Perceptions Of Standards-Based Grading, Jenny Ann Lichty

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Research on grading reveals that grading practices have not changed much since they were first introduced. However, educators are now learning about a newer grading approach that evaluates student performance based on clearly defined learning standards. Standards-based grading (SBG) looks to more accurately communicate student knowledge by assessing and reporting each student's mastery based on clearly defined learning standards. While still rather new, research on standards-based grading is limited and very little has been conducted at the secondary level. Even less research has been conducted on SBG and grading practices of career and technical education teachers.

The purpose of ...


Exploring Critical Thinking Skills Among Undergraduate Agriculture Education And Studies Students, Dustin Kensel Perry Jan 2014

Exploring Critical Thinking Skills Among Undergraduate Agriculture Education And Studies Students, Dustin Kensel Perry

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to describe the current critical thinking abilities of undergraduate agriculture education and studies students, and to explore how entry pathway and enrollment in a capstone course affect these abilities. Objectives were to: (1) establish a departmental benchmark for the critical thinking abilities of senior-level agricultural education and studies students; (2) determine if entry pathway, direct from high school admittance versus transfer from community college admittance, has an effect on critical thinking abilities; and (3) examine the impact a semester-long capstone farm management course has on the development of critical thinking abilities.

For objectives one ...


Secondary School Agricultural Teachers Understanding Of The Differences Between Agricultural Awareness And Agricultural Literacy In Iowa, Ashley Nicole Eason Jan 2014

Secondary School Agricultural Teachers Understanding Of The Differences Between Agricultural Awareness And Agricultural Literacy In Iowa, Ashley Nicole Eason

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The focus of this study was an assessment of the understanding of the concepts of agricultural awareness and agricultural literacy as perceived by agricultural education teachers. The purpose of this study was to identify perceptions of agriculture teachers regarding the understanding of the concepts of agricultural awareness and agricultural literacy in the study of agriculture in the state of Iowa. To also develop consensus definitions of agricultural awareness and agricultural literacy. Data provide information for development of a framework for education in and about agriculture and the life sciences. We can conclude from the study there is no consensus definition ...