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Full-Text Articles in Education

Student Variables That Predict Retention: Recent Research And New Developments, Robert D. Reason Oct 2003

Student Variables That Predict Retention: Recent Research And New Developments, Robert D. Reason

Robert D Reason

This article reviews recent research related to the study of college student retention, specifically examining research related to individual student demographic characteristics. The increasing diversity of undergraduate college students requires a new, thorough examination of those student variables previously understood to predict retention. The retention literature focuses on research conducted after 1990 and emphasizes the changing demographics in higher education. Research related to a relatively new variable— the merit-index—also is reviewed, revealing potentially promising, but currently mixed results.


The Role Of Bioscience And Biotechnology In Agricultural Education In The Secondary School Agriculture Curriculum As Perceived By Agricultural Educators , Theresa Adikinyi Sikinyi Jan 2003

The Role Of Bioscience And Biotechnology In Agricultural Education In The Secondary School Agriculture Curriculum As Perceived By Agricultural Educators , Theresa Adikinyi Sikinyi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify perceptions of agriculture teachers regarding the role of biosciences/biotechnology in the study of agriculture in the North Central Region of the United States. The study sought to determine the degree to which teachers perceived the importance of infusing biosciences/biotechnology into the agriculture curriculum. Another objective of the study was to determine the extent to which competencies in biosciences/biotechnology could be taught if additional instructional materials and inservice training were provided to the teachers.;This was a survey research study, conducted with a stratified random sample of 610 individuals selected ...


Analyzing Cross-Disciplinary Teacher Feedback In A Communication-Across-The-Curriculum Learning Community , Julie Marie Zeleznik Jan 2003

Analyzing Cross-Disciplinary Teacher Feedback In A Communication-Across-The-Curriculum Learning Community , Julie Marie Zeleznik

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This four-year study of a communication-intensive university learning community (Agronomy 356: Soil, Water, and Fertilizer Management and English 309: Report and Proposal Writing) investigated how instructor collaboration influenced written cross-disciplinary teacher feedback. While some rule-bound knowledge was not shared across disciplinary boundaries, co-assigning and co-assessing a rhetorically situated, argument-based writing assignment enabled my four instructor-participants to collaborate meaningfully and to integrate both agronomic and communicative knowledge into their feedback. Using activity theory, I analyzed how collaboration affected instructors' feedback patterns, roles, and styles, as well as the ways disciplinary knowledge of agronomy and rhetoric was communicated through feedback. My mixed-methodology ...


Student Loan Debt: Insight Into Economic Well-Being Issues , Ann M. Perkins Jan 2003

Student Loan Debt: Insight Into Economic Well-Being Issues , Ann M. Perkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to investigate economic well-being issues related to student loan debt. The sample used for this study was extracted from the Baccalaureate and Beyond survey. The focus of the study is the extent to which repayment of student loan debt is a financial hardship for graduates. Two debt-to-income ratios of (1) total monthly debt payments over total monthly household income and (2) total educational debt payments over total monthly household income are used as outcome variables. How students pay for a higher education is a critical component of family and public policy. The purpose is ...


The Influence Of Early Physical Activity: Sampling In Adhd Males And Physical Education Teaching Majors , Omar Suleiman Hindawi Jan 2003

The Influence Of Early Physical Activity: Sampling In Adhd Males And Physical Education Teaching Majors , Omar Suleiman Hindawi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two studies examined early physical activity (PA) influence on adult PA. PA reduces health risk; thus, identifying precursors to PA are important.;PA engaged time, sampling and the person who influenced children to initiate an activity was compared in college males who had been diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and matched controls. The ADHD group spent significantly more hours in PA as children and adults than the controls. Sampling during childhood was correlated with adult PA, and both sampling and PA engaged time were relatively stable across the years of age from 6 through 17 and to the ...


Eminent Domain: Documents Of Coordination In Agriculture , Adrienne Patrice Lamberti Jan 2003

Eminent Domain: Documents Of Coordination In Agriculture , Adrienne Patrice Lamberti

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In his study of Thomas Edison (The Languages of Edison's Light, 1999), professional communication scholar Charles Bazerman investigates how Edison, rather than constructing a document for one specific audience, purpose, and context, instead would use a single written communication to simultaneously address numerous audiences and to mitigate among the audiences' ideological conflicts. In a 1998 speech at Iowa State University, Bazerman labeled this type of communication a document of coordination.;My dissertation takes the concept of documents of coordination and places it within an agricultural context. Specifically, the Beginning Farmer Center (BFC), a program under Iowa State University Extension ...


Wage Disparity: A Comparison Of Residual Differences In Predicted And Actual Faculty Wages By Gender At Iowa State University , Harold Eddie Lee Jan 2003

Wage Disparity: A Comparison Of Residual Differences In Predicted And Actual Faculty Wages By Gender At Iowa State University , Harold Eddie Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research project outlines the rigorous and detailed methods used in conducting a gender-related salary equity study. Specifically, this study looks into the question of whether salaries received by female faculty members are significantly different from the salaries received by Caucasian-male faculty members. In this study, data for five academic years are analyzed to judge whether salary levels for female and Caucasian-male faculty members within selected disciplines, departments, and/or colleges at a major land-grant academic institution are impartial across gender after controlling and/or accounting for variations in individual faculty characteristics.;After assembling the data, the author uses a ...


Agricultural Educators Perceptions On The Role Of Distance Education In The Mission Of United States Public Higher Education , Paula Marie Teig Jan 2003

Agricultural Educators Perceptions On The Role Of Distance Education In The Mission Of United States Public Higher Education , Paula Marie Teig

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The resurgence of distance education, with the introduction of computer and communication technologies, has brought to the forefront the need for higher education to change the way it engages the lifelong learner. In addition, there is need to revisit the importance of the traditional land-grant mission in public higher education as universities and colleges seek to deliver education to the lifelong learner regardless of location or time. Distance education is becoming viewed as a means of meeting societal needs for lifelong learning.;In light of the Kellogg Commission report, the purpose of this research project was to assess the role ...


Community College Finance: Current Funds Revenue Sources In 11 Midwest States In The Decade Of The 1990s , Carol Noel Piper Kenton Jan 2003

Community College Finance: Current Funds Revenue Sources In 11 Midwest States In The Decade Of The 1990s , Carol Noel Piper Kenton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Twelve current funds revenue sources utilized by 212 community colleges in 11 Midwest states during the decade of the 1990s were analyzed, using data from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), available on the Internet. Comparisons were made by state as well as time, using the two-way analysis of variance. Of particular interest were trends in the proportions of student tuition and fees, and state and/or local appropriations from 1990 to 1995 to 2000. Also examined was the states' use of alternative funding sources to compensate for a possible reduction in government appropriations. Different funding models within the ...