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Full-Text Articles in Education

Second Fiddle?: An Interpretive Study Of Followers Of Servant Leaders, Shirley Ruth Oetjen Beaver Jan 2008

Second Fiddle?: An Interpretive Study Of Followers Of Servant Leaders, Shirley Ruth Oetjen Beaver

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the follower experiences of five nursing educators led by servant leaders in two institutions of higher education. One institution was a small, private, religiously-affiliated college and the other was a large public university. The data collected provided insight into the phenomenon of followership, focusing on the meaning of what it is like to be a follower who is led by a servant leader.;An interpretive research methodology was used for the qualitative study which included interviews with five nursing educators who shared their experiences of being led by a servant leader. The ...


Application-Based Learning: How Community College Business Students Learn To Apply Knowledge To Their Professional Employment, Joe Hanson Jan 2008

Application-Based Learning: How Community College Business Students Learn To Apply Knowledge To Their Professional Employment, Joe Hanson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Holes In The Health Care Safety Net: An Ethnographic Study Of A Free Medical Clinic, Pamela Ann Duffy Jan 2008

Holes In The Health Care Safety Net: An Ethnographic Study Of A Free Medical Clinic, Pamela Ann Duffy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to provide insight into the patient and volunteer perspective of their experiences at free medical clinics and, from the analysis of those data, inform health professions education. Many uninsured and underserved patients use the free clinic as their medical home to manage acute and chronic conditions and as a source of prescription medications. The volunteers find their experiences to be a fulfillment of their desire to give back to their community, a way to meet an obligation of professional duty, and hold to the moral belief that they should help those in need. Feminist ...


Pre- And Post-Admission Criteria As Predictors Of Academic Success In An Associate Degree Nursing Program, Nancy Lee Conzett Muecke Jan 2008

Pre- And Post-Admission Criteria As Predictors Of Academic Success In An Associate Degree Nursing Program, Nancy Lee Conzett Muecke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Early identification of predictors of academic success or challenges assists faculty and staff in providing effective support to those who may need it. This study examined the relationship between selected pre- and post-admission criteria and two measures of academic success: successful completion of an associate degree registered nursing program (ADN), and first-attempt success on the National Council Licensing Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). The subjects were 404 students enrolled in the nursing program between 1998 and 2005. The nursing program was located at a small, private, health-system based institution in the Midwest.;There were six pre-admission independent variables and five ...


Families, Motivation, And Reading: Pre-Adolescent Students And Their Reading Motivation And Family Reading Habits, Jill L. Janes Jan 2008

Families, Motivation, And Reading: Pre-Adolescent Students And Their Reading Motivation And Family Reading Habits, Jill L. Janes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research indicates that reading motivation declines as elementary students grow older. This reading motivation is multi-faceted with a variety of influences. Additional research indicates that when families are involved with students' reading as well as with school activities, students can reap positive academic benefits. Involving families in reading, however, declines as students progress to the upper elementary and pre-adolescent years. There is a lack of research concerning family involvement in reading with pre-adolescent students, particularly in regard to the effect of family involvement on reading motivation.;The purpose of this study was to determine the reading motivation and family reading ...


Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six Jan 2008

Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to deepen our understanding of the policy and educational approaches within the Seattle, Washington residential recycling program. Through an analysis of Seattle's policy approaches and the role of education, this study makes recommendations for both its improvement and other communities looking to bolster and or implement their own recycling program. To guide the recommendations, it was necessary to find how a recycling program can target a broad audience to create more awareness and reach those in the community that have not been involved. Straughan (1999) noted that the success of a community's' recycling program relies ...


Identity Preservation & Traceability: The State Of The Art - From A Grain Perspective (Status Of Agricultural Quality Systems / Traceability / Certification Systems), Gregory Scott Bennet Jan 2008

Identity Preservation & Traceability: The State Of The Art - From A Grain Perspective (Status Of Agricultural Quality Systems / Traceability / Certification Systems), Gregory Scott Bennet

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A descriptive paper on the state of identity preservation and traceability (IPT) as it relates domestically and internationally to food safety and economics. While not exhaustive, it is illustrative of trends. Identity preservation and traceability (IPT) are not new concepts; however, the growth of public and business interest and concerns regarding them has grown tremendously during the past decade due to many events, which has resulted in these concepts joining together within a single concept (with the same title). This paper, while attempting to be thorough, will highlight the major systems of IPT from a US business perspective. Before and ...


The Land, It's Everything: Women Farmland Owners And The Institution Of Agricultural Conservation In The U.S. Midwest, Jean Crim Eells Jan 2008

The Land, It's Everything: Women Farmland Owners And The Institution Of Agricultural Conservation In The U.S. Midwest, Jean Crim Eells

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This institutional ethnography was undertaken to address the problematic that far fewer women than men participate in the institution of agricultural conservation despite the fact that about the same numbers of men and women own roughly equal amounts of agricultural land in the U.S. Midwest. The institution of agricultural conservation---governmental agencies and private non-profit organizations---provides conservation services such as technical assistance and funding to clients, private farmland owners, who implement conservation practices on their lands.;As a qualitative research methodology, institutional ethnography (IE) is a way to examine otherwise intractable or elusive problems that exist on an institutional level ...


An Exploration Of Perceptions Of Associate Of Science In Nursing Students Related To Transcultural Nursing Experiences, Susan Jane Woody Rhoades Jan 2008

An Exploration Of Perceptions Of Associate Of Science In Nursing Students Related To Transcultural Nursing Experiences, Susan Jane Woody Rhoades

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Transcultural nursing theory (Leininger, 1995) goes beyond or transcends cultural boundaries, and examining and cultivates an appreciation of human beings, their cultures, histories, and values. Assessment of values, histories, needs, and expectations assists in providing culturally competent patient care. Transcultural nursing courses are an integral part of nursing education.;The qualitative study examines perceptions of 6 Associate of Science in Nursing students related to transcultural nursing experiences in college and clinical education. This study explores what influence, if any, gender has in their experiences.;The interpretive study uses semistructured interviewing during focus group and interview meetings. The interviewer solicited responses ...


Bringing Ecocomposition To A Multimodal Composition Course: Critical Literacy And Place At Work In English 250, Londie Theresa Martin Jan 2008

Bringing Ecocomposition To A Multimodal Composition Course: Critical Literacy And Place At Work In English 250, Londie Theresa Martin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to explore how the interaction between ecocomposition and (eco)feminist pedagogy can create generative spaces for critical literacies and reflexive thinking in the multimodal composition classroom. A review of scholarship in ecocomposition praxis reveals a need for further inquiry into ecocomposition as a multimodal experience. This research study seeks to better understand how ecocomposition and multimodal communication can encourage the acquisition of critical literacy in foundational composition courses by examining student work on two communication assignments: a personal narrative essay about a meaningful place and a multimodal documentary photo essay about a local place ...


Process And Impact Evaluation Of The Verb Summer Scorecard Program, Travis William Hartke Jan 2008

Process And Impact Evaluation Of The Verb Summer Scorecard Program, Travis William Hartke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is currently a considerable public health concern about levels of inactivity in youth. This type of information has led to many state and national initiatives aimed at promoting physical activity, such as the VERB Summer Scorecard Program in Story County, Iowa where tweens (children ages 8 to 13) can complete a VERB Scorecard of physical activity by going to physically active activities and deals at businesses in the community with the outcome of earning prizes. The purpose of the study was to determine factors that influence interest and involvement in the VERB summer scorecard program. To do this, a ...


The Study Of The Impact Of The M.S. In Agronomy Distance Education Program On Student Careers, Jesse Duane Drew Jan 2008

The Study Of The Impact Of The M.S. In Agronomy Distance Education Program On Student Careers, Jesse Duane Drew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study was to examine whether the Master of Science in Agronomy Distance Education Program at Iowa State University has had an impact on students' career mobility and economic status. Lifelong learning opportunities for agricultural professionals, like a majority of other field professional are growing exponentially. During the 2004 fall semester, 53 participants in the Master of Science in Agronomy Distance Education Program were given the Distance Education Impact Assessment Survey (DEIAS). Additional knowledge and training for adult students is essential for career advancement, and this research project intends to demonstrate how a Master of Science ...


Gender And Book Clubs In The Middle School Setting, Amanda Jayne Forsyth Jan 2008

Gender And Book Clubs In The Middle School Setting, Amanda Jayne Forsyth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the influence of gender in designing and implementing book clubs at the middle school level. Several secondary questions address this concern. These include which gender dominates and/or supports the discussion, how gender influences book selection, how each gender enjoys reading and discussing books in varied gender groupings, and how gender influences the level of textual analysis enacted in discussion. This study used both quantitative and qualitative data. The following recommendation was made as a result of the study: Middle school students should be offered both mixed-gender and same-gender book clubs. This recommendation was based on the ...


An Equity Analysis Of The Iowa School Funding Model That Addresses The Instructional Support Program And The Influence This Program Has On Student Achievement, Nicholas Joseph Ouellette Jan 2008

An Equity Analysis Of The Iowa School Funding Model That Addresses The Instructional Support Program And The Influence This Program Has On Student Achievement, Nicholas Joseph Ouellette

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Financial equity among school districts across the country has been studied for many years. Research has given mixed reviews that increased funding will equate to higher student achievement. As educators and legislators debate the adequacy and equity of funding for all schools across states and the country, having a strong foundation of research in which to base the discussion is crucial. School funding models must be studied to ensure that all students have an opportunity for an equitable and adequate educational experience.;The purpose of this study was to take a look at the Iowa school funding model and the ...


Perceptions Of Agricultural Extension Educators Regarding Livestock Waste Management Education In The North Central Region, David Kwaw-Mensah Jan 2008

Perceptions Of Agricultural Extension Educators Regarding Livestock Waste Management Education In The North Central Region, David Kwaw-Mensah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Livestock production in the United States yields large quantities of livestock waste annually. The North Central region of the United States produces a variety of livestock including swine, cattle and poultry. Livestock waste is a rich source of plant nutrients and organic matter. The environmental risks of pollution associated with livestock waste raises major concerns of agricultural educators, researchers and policy makers. Best management practices have been developed for livestock waste management. There is limited research information regarding livestock waste management education.;The purpose of this study was to identify the perceptions of county extension educators in the North Central ...


Guidance Counselors' Perceptions Of High School Family And Consumer Sciences Programs: A Case Study Of Eight Guidance Counselors In Eastern Iowa, Valarie L. Betz Jan 2008

Guidance Counselors' Perceptions Of High School Family And Consumer Sciences Programs: A Case Study Of Eight Guidance Counselors In Eastern Iowa, Valarie L. Betz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify and analyze themes related to the perceptions of high school guidance counselors regarding family and consumer sciences (FCS) courses to understand their potential influence on students. Utilizing a descriptive case study approach, the researcher interviewed eight guidance counselors from eastern Iowa to determine their perceptions and understandings of FCS programs.;The data analysis indicated these guidance counselors assume many duties and responsibilities in their roles assisting secondary level students in reaching academic, career, and personal/social goals. Although the findings revealed guidance counselors have limited knowledge of the practice settings and ...


Iowa Teachers' Perceptions Regarding The Effectiveness Of Agriculture Teacher Education Programs In Addressing Teaching Standards And Criteria, Kebatenne Hulela Jan 2007

Iowa Teachers' Perceptions Regarding The Effectiveness Of Agriculture Teacher Education Programs In Addressing Teaching Standards And Criteria, Kebatenne Hulela

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore and describe perceptions of secondary school-level teachers of agriculture in Iowa regarding the effectiveness of agricultural education teacher preparation programs in addressing education licensure standards and criteria, and subject content in agriculture during teacher preparation. Standards have been introduced in education to serve as guiding principles for the content and procedures in preparing teachers.;Formalized standards-based education has been in place since 2001, yet little is known about teacher perceptions regarding standards, particularly in agricultural education. This research study was descriptive, and used quantitative and qualitative data. An online questionnaire was used ...


It Only Takes Once: Influence Of Sexual Risk Status, Social Comparison, And A Public Service Announcement On Absent-Exempt Cognitions, Michelle Leigh Stock Jan 2007

It Only Takes Once: Influence Of Sexual Risk Status, Social Comparison, And A Public Service Announcement On Absent-Exempt Cognitions, Michelle Leigh Stock

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The current study is an extension of an ongoing program of research, based on the Prototype/Willingness Model (Gibbons, Gerrard, & Lane, 2003), which suggests that peer-based prevention messages may reinforce absent-exempt thinking, rather than reduce it (Stock et al., 2007). Absent-exempt thinking is the belief that if one has not experienced negative health consequences, in spite of having engaged in risky behavior, then one is unlikely to do so in the future (Weinstein, 1984, 1987). The present study provided an experimental demonstration of how social comparison prompted by a health message influences health cognitions (endorsement of absent-exempt thinking, willingness to engage in risky sex, prevalence estimates of risky sex on campus, favorability of risky sex prototypes, and perceptions of vulnerability to STDs). College students (N = 222) at either high or low risk of contracting STDs were randomly assigned to: (a) listen to a social comparison target who was a STD-positive student, despite engaging in low-risk sexual behavior (i.e., sex with one partner only a few times without a condom); (b) to hear a Public Service Announcement (PSA) that emphasized "it only takes one time" or (c) to hear no information about STDs. Participants then completed a questionnaire that assessed their risk-promoting cognitions and were then given the opportunity to read information on an STD.;It was predicted that high-risk participants in the social comparison group would report the highest levels of risk cognitions, whereas high-risk participants in the control condition would report lower levels of the risk promoting cognitions ...


The Effectiveness Of Using Wimba Voice Tools In Foreign Language Instruction, Lingli Yao Jan 2007

The Effectiveness Of Using Wimba Voice Tools In Foreign Language Instruction, Lingli Yao

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the past two decades, text-based synchronous and asynchronous communication tools have been used as teaching tools in foreign language classes and have been researched intensively for their pedagogical implications. Although their benefits have been identified in foreign language instruction, these benefits are mainly limited in affecting learners' reading and writing skills due to the tools' text-based nature. Since listening and speaking skills are also essential to language learners, studies on implications of newly emerging audio-based communication tools are needed. This paper describes an action research project conducted in a Chinese course at Iowa State University (ISU) where an audio-based ...


Learning How To Argue: Experiences Teaching The Toulmin Model To Composition Students, Allison Rose Greenwald Jan 2007

Learning How To Argue: Experiences Teaching The Toulmin Model To Composition Students, Allison Rose Greenwald

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Development Of An Immersive Game-Based Virtual Reality Training Program To Teach Fire Safety Skills To Children, Emily R. Ericson Jan 2007

Development Of An Immersive Game-Based Virtual Reality Training Program To Teach Fire Safety Skills To Children, Emily R. Ericson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Injuries from residential fires are often overlooked as a dangerous safety concern for children. While lectures and classroom learning techniques can be effective in mitigating this risk, studies have shown that kids retain information better if they are allowed to practice escape techniques. Virtual Reality (VR) has been used both to simulate situations that are too dangerous to practice in real life and as a tool to help children learn. This thesis presents the two stage development of the Fire Safety Project, a game-based VR training environment to increase children's understanding of fire safety. In the first iteration students ...


Researching The Use Of Webct In Chinese Language Teaching And Learning, De Zhang Jan 2007

Researching The Use Of Webct In Chinese Language Teaching And Learning, De Zhang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation aims to fill the void in the literature on Chinese language pedagogy, research of technology use in real language classrooms, and research on heritage learners. The major goal of the research was to investigate diverse learners', especially the heritage learners', needs in order to identify well-grounded pedagogical innovations and desired learning outcomes in technology-integrated Chinese language classrooms. Adopting multiple theoretical frameworks and research methods, the three research articles included in this dissertation were designed to ensure that the learners, tools, and learning tasks were investigated in order to present a comprehensive and systematic look at the design, implementation ...


A Phenomenological Study Of Family Influence On Millennial College Students' Money Beliefs And Behaviors, Mary Ann Briscoe Campbell Jan 2007

A Phenomenological Study Of Family Influence On Millennial College Students' Money Beliefs And Behaviors, Mary Ann Briscoe Campbell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although family systems theorists have long emphasized the family as an important influence on the individual's life choices, there is minimal qualitative research relating to Millennial college students and the impact of their families, particularly in the area of financial beliefs and behaviors. The purpose of this qualitative study was the exploration of the phenomenon of family influence on Millennial college students regarding how money messages from parents and grandparents have influenced their own money beliefs and behaviors. Seven college students between the ages of 21-23 were interviewed to gain insight into the perceived impact of family money messages ...


The Effects Of Digital Audio Files And Online Discussions On Student Proficiency In A Foreign Language, Krista Stutzman Jan 2007

The Effects Of Digital Audio Files And Online Discussions On Student Proficiency In A Foreign Language, Krista Stutzman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One of the biggest struggles a foreign language teacher faces is moving her students from reading and writing in the target language to speaking and listening in the target language. This study focuses on how the use of digital audio files (e.g. Podcasts), online discussions and student anxiety can affect a student's ability to comprehend and speak in a second language. Students gained experience with native speech in the foreign language by listening to weekly audio files and held weekly discussions both in the traditional face-to-face format as well as in online discussions. Students also participated in pre- ...


Communication Apprehension, Information Technology Fluency, And Internet Access As Factors Affecting College Students' Participation In In-Class And Online Discussion, Edwin James Damman Jan 2007

Communication Apprehension, Information Technology Fluency, And Internet Access As Factors Affecting College Students' Participation In In-Class And Online Discussion, Edwin James Damman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this explanatory, non-experimental research study was to identify relationships between factors affecting college students' participation in class discussions, both in-class discussion and through an online threaded discussion forum. The predictor variables identified as factors were: apprehension of class participation, apprehension of computer-mediated communication, degree of information technology fluency, and Internet access (which provides a gateway to the online threaded discussion forum). The outcome variables were the amount of classroom discussion participation and the amount on online threaded discussion participation exhibited by the students.;Analyses of the data collected in this study revealed a moderate negative relationship (r ...


Evaluation Of Virtual Reality Snowplow Simulation Training, Christopher Michael Masciocchi Jan 2007

Evaluation Of Virtual Reality Snowplow Simulation Training, Christopher Michael Masciocchi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The effectiveness of virtual reality snowplow simulator training for current Iowa Department of Transportation employees was examined. Operators received approximately two hours of training, which included several drives in a driving simulator designed to emulate a snowplow. Performance on a test scenario was compared for operators who had received this training versus those who were trained after the test scenario. Participants also completed a variety of personality and training questionnaires designed to measure personality tendencies, as well as their opinions of training and the realism of the simulator. Responses to these questionnaires were generally positive: operators reported that the features ...


Farmers' Experiences And Perceptions Of The Naads Agricultural Extension System/Program In Kabale District, Uganda, John Musemakweri Jan 2007

Farmers' Experiences And Perceptions Of The Naads Agricultural Extension System/Program In Kabale District, Uganda, John Musemakweri

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Agricultural knowledge and information play a major role in agricultural development, particularly in food production in Uganda. One of the influential extension approaches used for the past decades has been extension-centered approach which focused more on improving efficiency in agricultural production rather than the educational process. The new National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) extension program has emphasized a farmer-centered approach. The purpose of the study was to explore the farmers' experiences and perceptions of the NAADS agricultural extension systems/program in Kabale district, Uganda. The study addressed two main research questions: (1) What are the perceptions of farmers regarding the ...


A Case Study Of The Impact And Usefulness Of Synchronous Voice Chat To Improve Efl Learners' Spoken Production, Nadia Verónica Jaramillo Chérrez Jan 2007

A Case Study Of The Impact And Usefulness Of Synchronous Voice Chat To Improve Efl Learners' Spoken Production, Nadia Verónica Jaramillo Chérrez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the impact and usefulness of synchronous voice chat to improve English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners' spoken production after participating in a six-week task-treatment using Yahoo Messenger with Voice in non-native speaker to native-speaker dyads. Specifically, this study examined how the EFL learners' spoken production changed by measuring and comparing the following temporal variables in the pre- and post-tests: speech rate, articulation rate and pause phenomena. Also, the same temporal variables were measured for each type of task to determine whether the type of task affected the spoken production. The study examined the participants' reactions and ...


Native English Speakers' Perceptions Of Intelligibility In The Extended Discourse Produced By Non-Native Speakers, Jiyon Michelle Im Jan 2007

Native English Speakers' Perceptions Of Intelligibility In The Extended Discourse Produced By Non-Native Speakers, Jiyon Michelle Im

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In pronunciation, segmental accuracy has been recognized as an important aspect in contributing to a non-native speaker's intelligibility. Nonetheless, there has been a lack of research focusing on the role of segmental errors in understanding extended discourse. Furthermore, previous research studies on intelligibility have largely been conducted in a controlled condition where a listener's cognitive process is more limited than in a real-life setting. In addition, proficiency level has not been considered as one of the factors contributing the intelligibility of non-native speech. This thesis uses a think-aloud methodology to investigate how native English speakers perceived how segmental ...


Program Theory Of A Usda Grants Program For Use In Evaluation Based On Quantitative Content Analysis And Oral History Narrative Analysis, Elena Yu Polush Jan 2007

Program Theory Of A Usda Grants Program For Use In Evaluation Based On Quantitative Content Analysis And Oral History Narrative Analysis, Elena Yu Polush

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research was conceived on the premise that a good evaluation plan for a program begins with explicating the program's essential conceptual underpinnings, namely the program theory. Theory-based evaluation is generally recognized as enhancing the quality of evaluation. However, the theory-based approach remains underutilized in evaluation of federal competitive grants programs. The goal of the research was to depict a coherent description of program theory for the Higher Education Challenge (HEC) grants program grounded on core aspects of theories developed in two studies. The research used quantitative content analysis to systematically study the texts of Request for Application (RFA ...