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Full-Text Articles in Education

Prequestions Do Not Enhance The Benefits Of Retrieval In A Stem Classroom, Jason Geller, Shana K. Carpenter, Monica H. Lamm, Shuhebur Rahman, Patrick I. Armstrong, Clark R. Coffman Dec 2017

Prequestions Do Not Enhance The Benefits Of Retrieval In A Stem Classroom, Jason Geller, Shana K. Carpenter, Monica H. Lamm, Shuhebur Rahman, Patrick I. Armstrong, Clark R. Coffman

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Answering questions before a learning episode—“prequestions”—can enhance memory for that information. A number of studies have explored this effect in the laboratory; however, few studies have examined prequestions in a classroom setting. In the current study, the effects of prequestions were examined in an undergraduate course in chemical engineering. At the start of several class meetings, students were provided with a prequestion to answer about the upcoming lesson, and then were asked to provide ratings of confidence in their answers, familiarity with the content in the prequestion, and how much of the assigned reading they had completed. At ...


Toward Understanding The Impacts, Whys, And Whats Behind Mechatronic-Based Projects And Student Motivation, John R. Haughery, D. Raj Raman, Amy L. Kaleita, Steven A. Freeman Jun 2017

Toward Understanding The Impacts, Whys, And Whats Behind Mechatronic-Based Projects And Student Motivation, John R. Haughery, D. Raj Raman, Amy L. Kaleita, Steven A. Freeman

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The purpose of this study was to understand the how’s, why’s, and what’s behind students’ motivational orientation in a first-year engineering technology course, following a mechatronic project. To accomplish this, we implemented an eight-week treatment that required 61 students to design and integrate a software program to control an electro-mechanical robotic system. Using non-parametric quantitative analyses of pre-/post-survey responses we found that students’ median motivational orientation score,on the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire, was significantly lower (Mdndiff= -0.34; W = 1360; p-value = 0.0111) following the mechatronic project (i.e., they were less motivated to ...


Why They Leave: Understanding Student Attrition From Engineering Majors, Brandi N. Geisinger, D. Raj Raman Jan 2013

Why They Leave: Understanding Student Attrition From Engineering Majors, Brandi N. Geisinger, D. Raj Raman

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

A large number of students leave engineering majors prior to graduation despite efforts to increase retention rates. To improve retention rates in engineering programs, the reasons why students leave engineering must be determined. In this paper, we review the literature on attrition from engineering programs to identify the breadth of factors that contribute to students’ decisions to leave. Fifty studies on student attrition from engineering programs were included in the primary part of this literature review. In the second half of the work, an additional twenty-five studies that focused on methods of increasing student retention, were examined. Six broad factors ...