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Full-Text Articles in Education

Prequestions Do Not Enhance The Benefits Of Retrieval In A Stem Classroom, Jason Geller, Shana K. Carpenter, Monica H. Lamm, Shuhebur Rahman, Patrick I. Armstrong, Clark R. Coffman Dec 2017

Prequestions Do Not Enhance The Benefits Of Retrieval In A Stem Classroom, Jason Geller, Shana K. Carpenter, Monica H. Lamm, Shuhebur Rahman, Patrick I. Armstrong, Clark R. Coffman

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Answering questions before a learning episode—“prequestions”—can enhance memory for that information. A number of studies have explored this effect in the laboratory; however, few studies have examined prequestions in a classroom setting. In the current study, the effects of prequestions were examined in an undergraduate course in chemical engineering. At the start of several class meetings, students were provided with a prequestion to answer about the upcoming lesson, and then were asked to provide ratings of confidence in their answers, familiarity with the content in the prequestion, and how much of the assigned reading they had completed. At ...


Augmented Tutoring, Santosh Mathan, Stephen D. Whitlow, Michael C. Dorneich, Patricia M. Ververs Aug 2017

Augmented Tutoring, Santosh Mathan, Stephen D. Whitlow, Michael C. Dorneich, Patricia M. Ververs

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

An augmented tutoring system is provided that includes a simulation device, at least one sensor and a controller. The simulation device is adapted to provide a simulation that has an objective to accomplish by a student, wherein to achieve the objective a plurality of tasks must be correctly completed. The at least one sensor is adapted to monitor a cognitive state of the student while engaged with the simulation. The controller is adapted to process cognitive state information from the at least one sensor and to process student progress information relating to the completion of each of the tasks. The ...


Baby Steps Toward Meeting Engineering-Rich Science Standards: Approaches And Results From A Short "What Is Engineering?" Course For K-5 Pre-Service Teachers (Work In Progress), D. Raj Raman, Monica H. Lamm, Sriram Sundararajan, Kristina Maruyama Tank, Anne T. Estapa Jun 2017

Baby Steps Toward Meeting Engineering-Rich Science Standards: Approaches And Results From A Short "What Is Engineering?" Course For K-5 Pre-Service Teachers (Work In Progress), D. Raj Raman, Monica H. Lamm, Sriram Sundararajan, Kristina Maruyama Tank, Anne T. Estapa

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Elementary teacher preparation programs are generally tightly packed, with limited room for additional coursework. As states adopt Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS ), the need for teacher education programs to provide meaningful exposure to engineering is growing, and a multitude of approaches can be taken to meet this need. While the topics of engineering and engineering design are typically incorporated into science teaching methods courses, this research presents an alternative approach where we expose elementary pre-service teachers to engineering prior to or concurrently with enrollment in their methods courses. Specifically, we describe here our efforts in building a 12-contact-hour non-credit short ...


Toward Understanding The Impacts, Whys, And Whats Behind Mechatronic-Based Projects And Student Motivation, John R. Haughery, D. Raj Raman, Amy L. Kaleita, Steven A. Freeman Jun 2017

Toward Understanding The Impacts, Whys, And Whats Behind Mechatronic-Based Projects And Student Motivation, John R. Haughery, D. Raj Raman, Amy L. Kaleita, Steven A. Freeman

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The purpose of this study was to understand the how’s, why’s, and what’s behind students’ motivational orientation in a first-year engineering technology course, following a mechatronic project. To accomplish this, we implemented an eight-week treatment that required 61 students to design and integrate a software program to control an electro-mechanical robotic system. Using non-parametric quantitative analyses of pre-/post-survey responses we found that students’ median motivational orientation score,on the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire, was significantly lower (Mdndiff= -0.34; W = 1360; p-value = 0.0111) following the mechatronic project (i.e., they were less motivated to ...


Flex—Iowa State University’S Mobile Technology Classroom, Peter Evans, Eric Schares Jun 2017

Flex—Iowa State University’S Mobile Technology Classroom, Peter Evans, Eric Schares

Reference and Instruction Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

Iowa State University’s FLEx (Forward Learning Experience) program is a mobile technology classroom housed in a 16-foot trailer, designed to introduce K-12 students, educators, and families to advanced technology and design thinking concepts. Since the fall of 2014, the FLEx has engaged over 35,000 participants through 171 events across the state of Iowa.


Designing Adaptive Instruction For Teams: A Meta-Analysis, Robert A. Sottilare, C. Shawn Burke, Eduardo Salas, Anne M. Sinatra, Joan H. Johnston, Stephen B. Gilbert Jun 2017

Designing Adaptive Instruction For Teams: A Meta-Analysis, Robert A. Sottilare, C. Shawn Burke, Eduardo Salas, Anne M. Sinatra, Joan H. Johnston, Stephen B. Gilbert

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

The goal of this research was the development of a practical architecture for the computer-based tutoring of teams. This article examines the relationship of team behaviors as antecedents to successful team performance and learning during adaptive instruction guided by Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs). Adaptive instruction is a training or educational experience tailored by artificially-intelligent, computer-based tutors with the goal of optimizing learner outcomes (e.g., knowledge and skill acquisition, performance, enhanced retention, accelerated learning, or transfer of skills from instructional environments to work environments). The core contribution of this research was the identification of behavioral markers associated with the antecedents ...


Engineers Of Tomorrow, Jilliane Brinkman Apr 2017

Engineers Of Tomorrow, Jilliane Brinkman

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

To address the critical issues of U.S. competitiveness and to better prepare the workforce, A Framework for K-12 Science Education calls for new approaches to K-12 science education that will attract students' interest and provide them with the necessary foundational knowledge in scientific fields (Quinn, n.d.). Responding to this call, we report on an intervention we co-designed and implemented to develop interest in industrial engineering topics, particularly optimization among elementary school students. Our design follows arguments made in the K-12 literature regarding the benefits of introducing engineering concepts at the primary, secondary, and post-secondary levels. Our inductive insights ...


Intelligent Tutoring System Using Decision Based Learning For Thermodynamic Phase Diagrams, Matthew Hagge, Mostafa Amin-Naseri, John K. Jackman, Enruo Guo, Stephen B. Gilbert, Gloria Starns, Leann Faidley Apr 2017

Intelligent Tutoring System Using Decision Based Learning For Thermodynamic Phase Diagrams, Matthew Hagge, Mostafa Amin-Naseri, John K. Jackman, Enruo Guo, Stephen B. Gilbert, Gloria Starns, Leann Faidley

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Students learn when they connect new information to existing understanding or when they modify existing understanding to accept new information. Most current teaching methods focus on trying to get students to solve problems in a manner identical to that of an expert. This study investigates the effectiveness of assessing student understanding related to context specific problem solving decisions, prescribing feedback based on the assessment, and improving student understanding to the point where they can make correct decisions. Students were given a refrigeration problem unlike their prior problems and were asked to draw the cycle on a T-v diagram using a ...


Work In Progress: Flex—Iowa State University’S Mobile Technology Classroom, Peter M. Evans, Eric J. Schares Jan 2017

Work In Progress: Flex—Iowa State University’S Mobile Technology Classroom, Peter M. Evans, Eric J. Schares

Reference and Instruction Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

This proposal describes the FLEx (Forward Learning Experience) program, a mobile learning environment in a 16-foot trailer designed to deliver advanced technology outreach to students around the state of Iowa. A joint effort of Iowa State University’s College of Design, College of Engineering, and Extension and Outreach, the FLEx has engaged 35,000 K-12 students, educators, and families in 171 events since the fall of 2014.

The trailer provides hands-on experiences with virtual reality, immersive visualization, prototyping, augmented reality through an Oculus Rift, interactive circuit building, a Makerbot for 3D printing, and a CNC (computer numerical control) router for ...


A Broader Impacts Course For Engineering Graduate Students, Sriram Sundararajan Jan 2017

A Broader Impacts Course For Engineering Graduate Students, Sriram Sundararajan

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

This paper describes the development and first offering feedback of a course for engineering graduate students aimed at introducing students to the notion of broader impacts of engineering research. During the course, students explored ways in which an engineer’s activities can potentially benefit society and contribute to the achievement of specific, desired societal outcomes. The course incorporated lectures from the instructor and invited speakers. Students developed a personal broader impacts plan that is aligned with their personal and professional interests and goals. Students demonstrated attainment of course outcomes through assignments, class discussions and a final project that incorporated one ...


Development Of The Effective Mentoring Of Student Researchers Scale, Arlene Delamora, Brandi N. Geisinger, Dan Li, D. Raj Raman, Mari Kemis Jan 2017

Development Of The Effective Mentoring Of Student Researchers Scale, Arlene Delamora, Brandi N. Geisinger, Dan Li, D. Raj Raman, Mari Kemis

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Mentoring is a critical aspect of graduate education, but few studies have explored the mentoring behaviors that specifically contribute to effective mentoring, making it difficult to train mentors to behave in a way that optimally supports students’ development. The Effective Mentoring of Student Researchers Scale (EMSRS) was developed to identify graduate advisors’ key mentoring behaviors. The survey instrument was distributed to graduate students at a large Midwestern university, items were finalized using exploratory factor analysis (principal axis factoring with promax rotation), and confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to confirm the factor structure. We identified four components of effective mentoring, as ...


Riding The Wave Of Change In Electrical And Computer Engineering, Diane T. Rover, Joseph Zambreno, Mani Mina, Phillip H. Jones Iii, Douglas W. Jacobson, Seda Mckilligan, Ashfaq A. Khokhar Jan 2017

Riding The Wave Of Change In Electrical And Computer Engineering, Diane T. Rover, Joseph Zambreno, Mani Mina, Phillip H. Jones Iii, Douglas W. Jacobson, Seda Mckilligan, Ashfaq A. Khokhar

Electrical and Computer Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

Electrical and computer engineering technologies have evolved into dynamic, complex systems that profoundly change the world we live in. Designing these systems requires not only technical knowledge and skills but also new ways of thinking and the development of social, professional and ethical responsibility. A large electrical and computer engineering department at a Midwestern public university is transforming to a more agile, less traditional organization to better respond to student, industry and society needs. This is being done through new structures for faculty collaboration and facilitated through departmental change processes. Ironically, an impetus behind this effort was a failed attempt ...


Student Motivation And Academic Success: Examining The Influences, Differences, And Economics Of Mechatronic Experiences In Fundamental Undergraduate Courses, John R. Haughery Jan 2017

Student Motivation And Academic Success: Examining The Influences, Differences, And Economics Of Mechatronic Experiences In Fundamental Undergraduate Courses, John R. Haughery

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this study, we examined influences, differences, meanings, and economics of mechatronic experiences in a first-year, fundamental technology course. Our first objective examined the primary and secondary influences of mechatronic experiences on student engagement. Using a systematic review methodology, we collected n=402 articles. Screened by title and abstract, we mapped six parent and 22 child codes to the remaining n=137 articles. From these, we appraised n=17 studies, assessing eight as high quality. Our synthesis included these n=8 articles, from which we identified five primary influences (Student Motivation, Self-Efficacy, Course Rigor, Learning Retention, and Gender) and two ...


Mixed Methods Assessment Of Project-Based Learning In A Senior-Level Highway Design Course, Steven Kurtis Younkin Jan 2017

Mixed Methods Assessment Of Project-Based Learning In A Senior-Level Highway Design Course, Steven Kurtis Younkin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The lack of practical real-world applications in a classroom setting has been identified as one factor inhibiting student interest in STEM fields. Project-based learning (PBL) directly addresses this concern by providing an opportunity for students to complete an extensive, semester-long project that mirrors professional practice. In addition, PBL allows students an opportunity to refine related soft skills, such as technical writing and oral communication. This study involved the redevelopment of a senior-level highway design course using a PBL framework that largely reflects professional practice. A questionnaire survey was distributed to public and private road agencies in order to assess the ...


Applicability Of Online Education To Large Undergraduate Engineering Courses, Devayan Debashis Bir Jan 2017

Applicability Of Online Education To Large Undergraduate Engineering Courses, Devayan Debashis Bir

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With the increase in undergraduate engineering enrollment, many universities have chosen to teach introductory engineering courses such as Statics of Engineering and Mechanics of Materials in large classes due to budget limitations. With the overwhelming literature against traditionally taught large classes, this study aims to see the effects of the trending online pedagogy. Online courses are the latest trend in education due to the flexibility they provide to students in terms of schedule and pace of learning with the added advantage of being less expensive for the university over a period. In this research, the effects of online lectures on ...


Deep Learning For Flow Sculpting: Insights Into Efficient Learning Using Scientific Simulation Data, Daniel Stoecklein, Kin Gwn Lore, Michael Davies, Soumik Sarkar, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian Jan 2017

Deep Learning For Flow Sculpting: Insights Into Efficient Learning Using Scientific Simulation Data, Daniel Stoecklein, Kin Gwn Lore, Michael Davies, Soumik Sarkar, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

Mechanical Engineering Publications

A new technique for shaping microfluid flow, known as flow sculpting, offers an unprecedented level of passive fluid flow control, with potential breakthrough applications in advancing manufacturing, biology, and chemistry research at the microscale. However, efficiently solving the inverse problem of designing a flow sculpting device for a desired fluid flow shape remains a challenge. Current approaches struggle with the many-to-one design space, requiring substantial user interaction and the necessity of building intuition, all of which are time and resource intensive. Deep learning has emerged as an efficient function approximation technique for high-dimensional spaces, and presents a fast solution to ...