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Full-Text Articles in Education

Technology-Mediated Tblt In A Hybrid Environment: Bridging Content And Language Production, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Jan 2019

Technology-Mediated Tblt In A Hybrid Environment: Bridging Content And Language Production, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This article examines the use of technology-mediated, task-based language teaching (TBLT) in a hybrid environment as an instructional approach in an intermediate-level Spanish course. It (a) evaluates elements of a hybrid course that was developed with computer-assisted language learning (CALL) materials to help learners improve their Spanish, focusing on two areas of specialization––engineering and business; (b) examines the effectiveness of the course materials and curriculum with a focus on CALL readings; (c) demonstrates that the technology-mediated TBLT approach in the hybrid learning environment was successful in linking content and language; and (d) establishes that the learners’ speaking skills had ...


Augmented Reality In Foreign Language Education: A Review Of Empirical Studies (增强现实技术在外语教学中的应用:文献综述性研究), Shenglan Zhang Dec 2018

Augmented Reality In Foreign Language Education: A Review Of Empirical Studies (增强现实技术在外语教学中的应用:文献综述性研究), Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This literature review examines how Augmented Reality (AR) has been used in foreign language learning. AR is a live view of reality that is augmented by computer-generated sound, image, or videos. It allows the user to interact with the real physical environment in an enhanced way. This study provides an overview of what AR is, its history, different definitions, and how it has been used in education in general. It summarizes how AR has been used in all aspects of foreign language education, including skill development (listening, speaking, reading and writing), vocabulary, grammar, culture, the aspect of affect in language ...


Domain Description: Validating The Interpretation Of The Toefl Ibt® Speaking Scores For International Teaching Assistant Screening And Certification Purposes, Elena Cotos, Yoo-Ree Chung Dec 2018

Domain Description: Validating The Interpretation Of The Toefl Ibt® Speaking Scores For International Teaching Assistant Screening And Certification Purposes, Elena Cotos, Yoo-Ree Chung

English Publications

In the past 2 decades, there has been an increasing tendency to use scores from the TOEFL iBT® Speaking test for decisions regarding the certification of international graduate students as teaching assistants at North American universities. To obtain validity evidence in support of the usefulness of the speaking scores for this secondary use of the test, this study adopted the argument‐based approach to validation. Focusing on the domain description inference in the TOEFL interpretive argument, the study investigated whether the language functions elicited by TOEFL iBT Speaking tasks can be identified in authentic discourse produced by international teaching assistants ...


Design And Perception Of An Approach To Improving Chinese As A Foreign Language Learners’ Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Shenglan Zhang Nov 2018

Design And Perception Of An Approach To Improving Chinese As A Foreign Language Learners’ Self-Regulated Learning Strategies, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

Self-regulated learning (SRL) is a social-cognitive construct in the realm of self-regulation that describes the ways in which individuals actively and constructively regulate their own congitive processes in an educational setting. SRL conceptualizes effective learning as a process of cognitive and motivational evaluation where a learner completes academic tasks (Heikkilä & Lonka, 2006; Pintrich, 2000; Zimmerman, 1990; 2008). Different models of SRL developed over the years (Boekaerts & Niemivirta, 2000; Borkowski, 1996; Pintrich, 2000; Winne & Hadwin, 1998; Zimmerman, 2000), but all models assume at least three phases: a preparatory or forethought phase, an actual performance or task completion phase, and an evaluation and adaptation phase. In the preparatory ...


Cultural Competency Training: How Do We Measure Outcomes?, Timothy Lee, Sean Ervin Dr. Nov 2018

Cultural Competency Training: How Do We Measure Outcomes?, Timothy Lee, Sean Ervin Dr.

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Background

The term “cultural competency” in healthcare is meant to convey an understanding of cultural and linguistic differences that exist within and between distinct social groups and a sensitivity to these differences that may allow for improved health care outcomes to occur. The medical literature has validated the importance of cultural competency training to medical education and its possible influence on patient health status and outcomes. Many pre-licensure cultural competency training programs have emerged due to the perceived benefits for healthcare delivery and outcomes. However, few studies have evaluated the clinical impact and success of these training programs. In this ...


Perception, Production, And Perception-Production: Research Findings And Implications For Language Pedagogy, Charles Nagle Aug 2018

Perception, Production, And Perception-Production: Research Findings And Implications For Language Pedagogy, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

When we are born our perceptual systems are capable of discriminating sounds that occur in English, Spanish, Hindi, or any other language. During the first year, our perception begins to zero in on the particular set of sounds that are contrastive in our native language(s) (L1s) (Kuhl et al., 2006). For example, a child whose parents are L1 English speakers will pick up on the fact that /b/ and /p/ are contrastive in English (e.g., “bet” vs. “pet”) and that the major difference is in the burst of air that occurs when the stop is released (i.e ...


Pronunciationforteachers.Com/ Key Concepts Factors Affecting Pronunciation Development, Charles Nagle Aug 2018

Pronunciationforteachers.Com/ Key Concepts Factors Affecting Pronunciation Development, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

As Derwing (2010) observed nearly ten years ago, one of the goals of pronunciation research is to identify how different aspects of second language (L2) speech develop over time, providing teachers with information on the pronunciation problems that will work themselves out, versus those that will likely pose an ongoing challenge. At the same time, research must account for the cognitive, socio-affective, and experiential variables that shape pronunciation learning outcomes (Moyer, 2014a, 2014b).


Mujeres Supporting: How Female Family Members Influence The Educational Success Of Latino Males In Postsecondary Education, Victor B. Saenz, Claudia Garcia-Louis, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez Jul 2018

Mujeres Supporting: How Female Family Members Influence The Educational Success Of Latino Males In Postsecondary Education, Victor B. Saenz, Claudia Garcia-Louis, Carmen De Las Mercedez, Sarah L. Rodriguez

Education Publications

The purpose of this multi-institutional qualitative study was to understand the educational pathways of Latino males by underscoring the unique role female family members play in their academic pursuits—through the voice of these young men. Findings demonstrate female family members were identified as being primary supporters of their educational pursuits, and actively leveraged different sources of cultural capital to help Latino males enroll and persist through postsecondary education. This study reinforces extant literature on the importance of family in the educational pathways of Latina/o students. Furthermore, it makes a unique contribution by highlighting the important role female family ...


Understanding Collaborations Between Chinese And The U.S. Universities: The Development Of A Typology, Hui Kang, Genshu Lu, Linda S. Hagedorn May 2018

Understanding Collaborations Between Chinese And The U.S. Universities: The Development Of A Typology, Hui Kang, Genshu Lu, Linda S. Hagedorn

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

There has been a recent and rapid increase in the number and forms of educational collaborations between the U.S. and China in recent decades. Through the years these collaborations have evolved from the simplest forms of welcome of international students and faculty to complex agreements and even new postsecondary institutions. In this manuscript, we develop a typology to better understand the various varieties of educational collaborations using examples of the various forms between universities in the U.S. and China.


Into The Storm: Ecological And Sociological Impediments To Black Males’ Persistence In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, William A. Smith Apr 2018

Into The Storm: Ecological And Sociological Impediments To Black Males’ Persistence In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, William A. Smith

Education Publications

While much is known about how Black students negotiate and navigate undergraduate studies, there is a dearth of research on what happens when these students enter graduate school. This article presents the results of a study of 21 Black male graduate students in engineering from one highly ranked research-intensive institution. This article provides evidence of structurally racialized policies within the engineering college (e.g., admissions) and racialized and gendered interactions with peers and advisors that threaten Black males’ persistence in engineering. We argue for taking an anti-deficit approach to understanding Black males’ persistence in engineering. We conclude with implications for ...


Immigration Policy Impasse As An Actor: A Matter Of Concern For Educators, Tobie L. Bass Mar 2018

Immigration Policy Impasse As An Actor: A Matter Of Concern For Educators, Tobie L. Bass

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This qualitative, ethnographic research inquiry intends to prompt further conversation about how scholar-practitioners in the social sciences approach divisive topics such as immigration policy in teacher education. In the U.S. Southeast, practicing K-12 teachers and the researcher-instructor participated in a federally funded English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) professional development program through a public university. The professional development program’s goal was to advance teachers’ knowledge of working with culturally and linguistically diverse students. Although the school district where the study took place has a high population of immigrant students, statewide policies prohibiting immigrant students from higher education ...


Finding Place In Displacement: Latinx Youth And Schooling Along The Borderlands, Daniel I. Rubin, Christopher J. Kazanjian Mar 2018

Finding Place In Displacement: Latinx Youth And Schooling Along The Borderlands, Daniel I. Rubin, Christopher J. Kazanjian

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Global trends of international displacement are rising to historical levels, and in the United States, the Trump Administration has proactively initiated legislation to restrict immigration by displaced peoples and build a wall between the US and Mexico. This is a reality for Latinx youth living along the US/Mexican border in the current political climate, where not only do they battle inequitable educational opportunities, but also a heightened sense of racial discrimination and profiling. This paper argues that it is crucial for teachers along the US/Mexican borderland to implement a culturally relevant curriculum to help Latinx youth fight for ...


"They Can't Expect To Be Treated Like Normal Americans So Soon": Reconceptualizing Latinx Immigrants In Social Studies Education, Ramon Vasquez Mar 2018

"They Can't Expect To Be Treated Like Normal Americans So Soon": Reconceptualizing Latinx Immigrants In Social Studies Education, Ramon Vasquez

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This autoethnography examines the experiences of an assistant professor of elementary social studies methods at a predominantly White institution (PWI). Drawing on the Latina/o Critical Race Theory (LatCrit) methodology of testimonio, the assistant professor in this study, who self-identifies as Chicano, intentionally situates Latinx immigration counter-narratives as oppositional stories to the master narrative of “who belongs.” Using a Critical Race Theory (CRT) framework for analysis, this paper argues that counter-narratives serve as necessary correctives for reconceptualizing racist, essentialist, and nativist master narratives. This paper shows how social studies education courses in teacher preparation programs (TEPs) can serve as sites ...


Valuing Identity: My Experiences + Your Perception, Marcia Purdy Feb 2018

Valuing Identity: My Experiences + Your Perception, Marcia Purdy

Iowa State Conference on Race and Ethnicity (ISCORE)

Participants will gain understanding and knowledge of what creates their cultural lens. Participants will have a greater awareness of their own personal values and how their past has created their current perceptions, behaviors, and communications styles. Participants will be able to identify their own values and biases.


Cogna/Te/Do/To: How To Use Cognates In English, Spanish, And Portuguese, Nancy A. Acosta Jan 2018

Cogna/Te/Do/To: How To Use Cognates In English, Spanish, And Portuguese, Nancy A. Acosta

Creative Components

This creative component introduces the concept of cognates and false cognates through sequential art. This guide on cognates leads the reader through a fictional society whose core philosophy is centered around languages and the preservation of any that they come across. By using storytelling elements present both in comic book work (sound effects, emotive characters, sequential order) and in graphic design (information hierarchy, semiotics), the story builds a connection between the material and the reader. Cognates here can be a tool for English speakers to acquire vocabulary of Spanish and Portuguese. With the main character of an ex-astronaut, who was ...


Best Practices For Planning, Developing, And Sustaining Interdisciplinary Language-Based Study Abroad Programs, Chad M. Gasta Jan 2018

Best Practices For Planning, Developing, And Sustaining Interdisciplinary Language-Based Study Abroad Programs, Chad M. Gasta

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In seventeen years of experience as a study abroad program director, I have seen how university students, faculty members, and administrators have come to share a strategic mission for study or work abroad; namely that programs must provide a meaningful international credential that not only yields a more fruitful undergraduate experience but also creates the potential for a better and higher-paying job upon graduation. I have spoken with many job recruiters over the years who tout the importance of developing an international skill set that requires a profound understanding of other cultures and languages. General news outlets and trade magazines ...


Motivation, Comprehensibility, And Accentedness In L2 Spanish: Investigating Motivation As A Time-Varying Predictor Of Pronunciation Development, Charles Nagle Jan 2018

Motivation, Comprehensibility, And Accentedness In L2 Spanish: Investigating Motivation As A Time-Varying Predictor Of Pronunciation Development, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This study examined relationships between language learning motivation and the longitudinal development of second language (L2) pronunciation. Twenty-six English-speaking learners of Spanish recorded a simplified picture description task five times over a yearlong period spanning their second, third, and fourth semesters of Spanish language instruction. Learners also completed a quantitative motivation survey based on the L2 Motivational Self System and an open-ended questionnaire on their language learning beliefs once per semester, yielding three measurements. Eighteen native Spanish listeners rated learners’ clips for comprehensibility and accentedness. Although mixed modeling of the motivation data revealed a slightly negative trajectory for motivational subcomponents ...


Teaching English-Medium Lectures In Korea: Recommendations For Foreign Faculty, Eva Babicheva, Kyu-Hye Lee Jan 2018

Teaching English-Medium Lectures In Korea: Recommendations For Foreign Faculty, Eva Babicheva, Kyu-Hye Lee

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

For the past decade, the number of English-medium lectures (EML) in South Korean universities have been steadily increasing. Although the EML policy was introduced to improve students' competitiveness in the globalized job market, its popularity among students and professors remained low. In response, universities began foreign faculty recruits; however, unfamiliarity with Korean education culture and differences related to classroom interaction often led to profound misunderstandings between foreign professors and Korean students. Drawing on existing literature, informal interviews with Clothing and Textiles students enrolled in EML, and in-class observations, this study aims to delineate main issues present in EML classroom and ...


Critical Race Theoretical Composition Pedagogy And Its Effects, Paula Fender Jan 2018

Critical Race Theoretical Composition Pedagogy And Its Effects, Paula Fender

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research study explores the composing practices of several first-year composition students in two English 250 classes offered at Iowa State University. The study examines and analyzes intercultural awareness students have regarding race, diversity, and life, their own and others’. Using the inductive analysis research design, the research establishes a baseline perspective of students as they perceive themselves or not perceive themselves as “raced bodies.” Additionally, the baseline informs concurrent and emerging themes that students portray when exploring their own self-authorship and their persistent beliefs about how race and culture are or are not significant to composition studies. The relevance ...


The Effect Of Delivery Mode On L2 Students' Listening Comprehension Skills: Context Versus Animated Videos, Leyla Karatay Jan 2018

The Effect Of Delivery Mode On L2 Students' Listening Comprehension Skills: Context Versus Animated Videos, Leyla Karatay

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effect of different delivery modes on L2 students’ listening

comprehension. A mixed-methods explanatory research design was used to identify whether

animated videos or context videos facilitated better listening comprehension. Fifty-seven ESL undergraduate/graduate students were recruited from an academic speaking and pronunciation course offered at Iowa State University. The effectiveness of the delivery modes was assessed by the participant’s ability to orally summarize the videos. Two trained raters were recruited to rate participants’ audio-recorded summaries. A one-way ANOVA was used to test for a significant difference between mean scores of the two groups. Also, students ...


La Trenza De Las Fronterizas: The Cultural Worlds First-Generation Women Navigate To Access College, Katherine Cameron Seifert Jan 2018

La Trenza De Las Fronterizas: The Cultural Worlds First-Generation Women Navigate To Access College, Katherine Cameron Seifert

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

First generation female students of color face challenges in accessing and navigating the college-going realm. Scholars write about this population, but their tone is often deficit-based, focusing on these students’, families’, and communities’ shortcomings rather than highlighting their resilience and adept abilities at transitioning between different cultural worlds. Using Holland’s (1998) theory of cultural worlds, and employing portraiture methodology, tools of feminist research, and narrative ethnography, this intimate micro-study examines the college-going world that young women of minoritized identities navigates. It asks: (a) What are the identities, relationships, and resources that construe their participation in this world? (b) What ...


Experiments With Universal Cefr Classification, Sowmya Vajjala, Taraka Rama Jan 2018

Experiments With Universal Cefr Classification, Sowmya Vajjala, Taraka Rama

English Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

The Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) guidelines describe language proficiency of learners on a scale of 6 levels. While the description of CEFR guidelines is generic across languages, the development of automated proficiency classification systems for different languages follow different approaches. In this paper, we explore universal CEFR classification using domainspecific and domain-agnostic, theory-guided as well as data-driven features. We report the results of our preliminary experiments in monolingual, cross-lingual, and multilingual classification with three languages: German, Czech, and Italian. Our results show that both monolingual and multilingual models achieve similar performance, and cross-lingual classification yields lower, but comparable ...


L2-Arctic: A Non-Native English Speech Corpus, Guanlong Zhao, Sinem Sonsaat, Alif O. Silpachai, Ivana Lucic, Evgeny Chukharev-Khudilaynen, John Levis, Ricardo Gutierrez-Osuna Jan 2018

L2-Arctic: A Non-Native English Speech Corpus, Guanlong Zhao, Sinem Sonsaat, Alif O. Silpachai, Ivana Lucic, Evgeny Chukharev-Khudilaynen, John Levis, Ricardo Gutierrez-Osuna

English Publications

In this paper, we introduce L2-ARCTIC, a speech corpus of non-native English that is intended for research in voice conversion, accent conversion, and mispronunciation detection. This initial release includes recordings from ten non-native speakers of English whose first languages (L1s) are Hindi, Korean, Mandarin, Spanish, and Arabic, each L1 containing recordings from one male and one female speaker. Each speaker recorded approximately one hour of read speech from the Carnegie Mellon University ARCTIC prompts, from which we generated orthographic and forced-aligned phonetic transcriptions. In addition, we manually annotated 150 utterances per speaker to identify three types of mispronunciation errors: substitutions ...


Stem Identity Development For Latinas: The Role Of Self- And Outside Recognition, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kelly Cunningham, Alec Jordan Nov 2017

Stem Identity Development For Latinas: The Role Of Self- And Outside Recognition, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kelly Cunningham, Alec Jordan

Education Publications

This qualitative, phenomenological research study explored how 17 Latina undergraduate science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) majors developed their STEM identities. The study focused on the role that self- and outside recognition as a STEM individual played in the process. Interviews revealed students’ self-recognition in many forms. Outside recognition came primarily from STEM peers, faculty members, and family members. Self- and outside recognition were often negotiated through the lens of intersectional identities held by the participants.


Modeling Classroom Language Learners' Comprehensibility And Accentedness Over Time: The Case Of L2 Spanish, Charles Nagle Sep 2017

Modeling Classroom Language Learners' Comprehensibility And Accentedness Over Time: The Case Of L2 Spanish, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

Significant scholarship has focused on the development of L2 oral skills in naturalistic language learning. However, few studies have examined how instructed learners’ pronunciation develops over time, despite the importance of the classroom context. This study addressed this gap by investigating L2 Spanish learners’ comprehensibility and accentedness over a yearlong period. Twenty-six learners completed a sentence-building task on five occasions distributed throughout their second, third, and fourth semesters of college-level Spanish language instruction. Learners received 20 sets of images, combining the images in each set to form a simple sentence in Spanish. Eighteen native Spanish listeners rated learners’ recordings for ...


Organization Of Vocabulary In L2 Spanish Textbooks: Semantic Relationships Within And Between Vocabulary Lists, Brody Dingel Apr 2017

Organization Of Vocabulary In L2 Spanish Textbooks: Semantic Relationships Within And Between Vocabulary Lists, Brody Dingel

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

The use of semantically related words in new vocabulary lists is common practice in second language textbooks. However, research has suggested that organizing new foreign language vocabulary in semantic sets may cause interference and even slow acquisition as compared to other organizational methods (Erten & Tekin 2008). When it comes to assessing the frequency of this semantic organization of new vocabulary in foreign language textbooks, relatively little research has been done, especially with regard to Spanish textbooks. López-Jiménez's study (2012) on vocabulary in Spanish textbooks found that semantic organization was present in six of twelve textbooks surveyed, but the definition ...


Bridging The Racial Divide Through Cross-Racial Dialogue: Lessons And Reflections From My Experience As A Facilitator, Kendra Lowery Apr 2017

Bridging The Racial Divide Through Cross-Racial Dialogue: Lessons And Reflections From My Experience As A Facilitator, Kendra Lowery

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

One of the most difficult things about talking about race in the United States, is talking about race, particularly in cross-racial dialogues. One reason for this is because as a society, we tend not to do it, and when we do, we do not do it well (Johnson, 2006; Simpson, 2008), with attempts often ending in increased polarization (Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity, 2011). After reviewing reasons for the relative lack of cross-racial dialogue and the ways these dialogues benefit individuals and contribute to social justice, I trace my inspiration and preparation for facilitating cross-racial dialogues ...


On Nationalism, Pluralism, And Educators Actively Questioning Our Identities, Shoshana Gottesman Apr 2017

On Nationalism, Pluralism, And Educators Actively Questioning Our Identities, Shoshana Gottesman

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This practitioner reflection focuses on the challenges and possibilities of encounter dialogue-music education organizations in Israel/Palestine using musicking (Small, 1995) and dialogical programming to examine, question, and reflect upon the purpose and role of Israeli and Palestinian national days, markers which build individual and collective identity in irreconcilable dissonance with each other. By entering this vulnerable space, we as educators are not exempt from the internal and critical search for understanding of self and community while educational planning and teaching. By exploring “the heart of the educational mission” (Palmer, 2010, p.50) at its foundations of “how do we ...


You Trying To Make Me Feel Stupid Or Something?: Countering Dehumanization Of Latin@ Youth Through A Liberating Pedagogy Of Praxis, Carlos R. Casanova Mar 2017

You Trying To Make Me Feel Stupid Or Something?: Countering Dehumanization Of Latin@ Youth Through A Liberating Pedagogy Of Praxis, Carlos R. Casanova

Iowa State Conference on Race and Ethnicity (ISCORE)

This on-going ethnographic study examines how a counter-space, La Libertad, introduces Latin@ students to a liberating pedagogy of praxis which counters dehumanization they experience in their high school. This study used Paulo Freire dehumanization concept as a guide to reveal how Latin@ youth encounter oppression, injustice, and exploitation in school. The researcher spent nearly 120 hours over eleven months in the field collecting data through participant observation, field notes, and personal reflection essays. Observational data was collected in high schools, at La Libertad during activities such as Latin@ Identity Object Sharing activity, and during youth presentations on college campuses. Tentative ...


The Neglected Minority: Microaggression Experiences Of International Students, Shaohua (Linda) Pei, Ran Li, Linda Hagedorn Mar 2017

The Neglected Minority: Microaggression Experiences Of International Students, Shaohua (Linda) Pei, Ran Li, Linda Hagedorn

Iowa State Conference on Race and Ethnicity (ISCORE)

During the 2015–16 academic year, over 4000 international students studied at Iowa State University (ISU), representing 11 percent of the overall student population. This presentation will address how international students, the neglected minority, experience daily microaggressions on campus. We will further analyze how these experiences may impact their overall satisfaction of the university. Further, we will conclude with implications and suggestions on how to promote cultural awareness and inclusiveness for international students.