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Full-Text Articles in Education

Spirituality In Secular Schools: A Grounded School Counseling Intervention, Alexis P. Joseph May 2021

Spirituality In Secular Schools: A Grounded School Counseling Intervention, Alexis P. Joseph

Culminating Experience Projects

The Establishment Clause of the First Amendment, also known more commonly as separation of church and state, is a policy implemented at the federal and state level that schools must strictly adhere to. This means religion can neither be supported nor denied in educational institutions to receive federal and state funding. Due to the intertwining of religion and spirituality, this policy encourages spirituality to be invisible in schools in order to neither support nor reject any one religion. While this policy presents an opportunity for everyone to practice their religion of choice, lack of intentional spiritual development, such as expanding ...


Increasing Parental Engagement In Social-Emotional Learning At Home Through Incentive Based Program: A Guideline For Implementation, Shawn P. Kiley May 2021

Increasing Parental Engagement In Social-Emotional Learning At Home Through Incentive Based Program: A Guideline For Implementation, Shawn P. Kiley

Culminating Experience Projects

Current policies and practices strive to increase parental engagement with school activities with varying degrees of success. A lack of clear expectations and guidelines of how parents can engage in social-emotional learning within the home decreases the effectiveness of the social-emotional curriculum and negatively impacts the child’s mental health. This project attempts to create opportunities for parents to engage in social-emotional learning activities within the home while also addressing barriers that often prevent parents from engaging under typical standards. Children whose parents are engaged in their lives and school-based activities feel a better sense of belonging within their family ...


Rising Student Burnout: A Distributive Leadership Approach To Creating Student Well-Being, Taylor J. Ross Apr 2021

Rising Student Burnout: A Distributive Leadership Approach To Creating Student Well-Being, Taylor J. Ross

Culminating Experience Projects

Most higher education institutions have focused on personal characteristics when evaluating student engagement on their campuses. However, the multidimensional theory of burnout, suggests that a student's level of participation is far more dependent on the context in which they interact. This project investigates the perspectives of modern students, their expectations of higher education institutions in a global society, and the ways in which the education sector has modeled capitalistic structures and values of big corporations, cultivating conditions conducive to student burnout. An implementation of distributive leadership is offered to bridge the gap between existing student needs and senior leaderships ...


Cultivating Resilience In Lgbtq+ College Students Through Mindfulness-Based Practices, Luke A. Madden Apr 2021

Cultivating Resilience In Lgbtq+ College Students Through Mindfulness-Based Practices, Luke A. Madden

Culminating Experience Projects

Research shows LGBTQ+ college students experience lower mental and emotional well-being than their heterosexual, cisgender peers despite growing social acceptance. Research also indicates these disparities result from excess stress LGBTQ+ individuals experience due to the stigmatization of their sexual orientation or gender identity. Yet, LGBTQ+ college students continue to show up as their authentic selves in various campus settings, demonstrating a sense of resilience in the face of adversity that is characteristic of the broader LGBTQ+ community. As the number of students seeking or utilizing campus mental health resources increases, it is critical to provide vulnerable populations with resources and ...


Building Community For Black Women Student Affairs Graduate Students By Creating A Mentor Sister Circle Program, Taijah Monay Claybrook Apr 2021

Building Community For Black Women Student Affairs Graduate Students By Creating A Mentor Sister Circle Program, Taijah Monay Claybrook

Culminating Experience Projects

When studying the gendered and racialized experiences of Black women in higher education, research often focuses solely on faculty members as opposed to student affairs professionals. However, lack of support for Black women student affairs professionals leads to many developing racial battle fatigue. This project explores the effects of the intersection of oppressive systems on Black women student affairs professionals' journey through graduate school to the professional work setting. The implementation of a mentor sister circle program supported by higher education administration is proposed to provide this demographic with needed support during graduate school. The designed mentor program features an ...


Do I Belong? Underrepresented Students Sense Of Belonging, Delaney Deisig Apr 2021

Do I Belong? Underrepresented Students Sense Of Belonging, Delaney Deisig

Culminating Experience Projects

Increasing literature suggests that lower levels of sense of belonging among underrepresented college students could be a contributing factor to their comparatively lower rates of persistence and retention than those of their non-underrepresented peers. This project explores the barriers underrepresented students face during their first year of college and the opportunities colleges and universities have to increase diverse efforts to foster positive perspectives of sense of belonging among underrepresented students. An effective program must acknowledge the differing needs of students at various points in their college career and must diversify beyond a traditional framework that caters to the needs of ...


Compassion Fatigue In Students Completing Fieldwork, Darcy Walker Apr 2021

Compassion Fatigue In Students Completing Fieldwork, Darcy Walker

Honors Projects

This project was completed for students who are entering or actively completing fieldwork in the helping professions. It includes a pamphlet, annotated bibliography, and reflective essay. The pamphlet includes information on the signs of secondary traumatic stress, burnout, and compassion fatigue, as well as ways to prevent and combat them. The annotated bibliography summarizes and analyzes the importance of the sources used to complete the pamphlet. The reflective essay is an honest account of the author's own struggles with secondary traumatic stress and burnout, and the process of combating them while simultaneously completing this project.


Intervention Strategies For Guiding Intercollegiate Student Athletes To A Greater Sense Of Career Maturity, Laura Kastler Apr 2021

Intervention Strategies For Guiding Intercollegiate Student Athletes To A Greater Sense Of Career Maturity, Laura Kastler

Culminating Experience Projects

Previous studies have indicated a lack of career maturity within the intercollegiate student athlete population. This can apply to institutions of all divisions across the National Collegiate Athletic Association. Various institutions are not implementing proper intervention strategies to guide their student athletes to thrive in their life after sports. This project explains this problem in robust detail and establishes different themes of improvement through literature that can be utilized by university career services and athletic development programs. To guide this student population to a greater sense of career maturity, there needs to be more on students athletes regarding their academic ...


Fostering A Sense Of Belonging In Students Who Are At-Risk For Suspension Or Expulsion: A Small-Group Intervention For Middle School Students, Shayna M. Brooks Apr 2021

Fostering A Sense Of Belonging In Students Who Are At-Risk For Suspension Or Expulsion: A Small-Group Intervention For Middle School Students, Shayna M. Brooks

Culminating Experience Projects

Research shows that students who are at-risk for suspension or expulsion lack a sense of belonging at school. A sense of belonging is an essential contribution to success at school and in life, and therefore, students who lack belonging are unable to reach their full potential. Students who are suspended or expelled are also more likely to drop out of school and be incarcerated as adults. Despite this research, many schools still have zero-tolerance policies in place that result in suspension and expulsion of students. Instead of teaching students the skills they need to be successful, suspension deprives students of ...


A Summer Reading Program For Joy And Growth: Using Free Books, Videos, And Little Free Libraries To Empower Students And Parents To Make The Most Of The Summer Months For Reading Growth, Allison Nieboer Apr 2021

A Summer Reading Program For Joy And Growth: Using Free Books, Videos, And Little Free Libraries To Empower Students And Parents To Make The Most Of The Summer Months For Reading Growth, Allison Nieboer

Culminating Experience Projects

The summer months provide a prime opportunity for elementary children to grow in their reading skills and reading lives. This project investigates successful summer reading programs that leverage the expertise of parents to mediate the effects of summer slide and encourage summer reading growth. The project culminates in a summer reading program that supports both students and parents. Schools can support students by providing free texts and allowing students to choose these books for themselves. Schools can support parents by providing summer reading tips in the form of short, helpful and practical videos. Both students and parents can be supported ...


Literacy Achievement Gap Of Elementary English Learners, Bethany Kamps Apr 2021

Literacy Achievement Gap Of Elementary English Learners, Bethany Kamps

Culminating Experience Projects

Elementary aged students should be reading at grade level at the end of each school year. However, English Learners (ELs) are consistently not meeting this goal. The rise of ELs and current legislation has forced classroom teachers to become the primary educator for EL students. These factors contribute to the literacy achievement gap of elementary EL students. Embedded in a six-week summer literacy program, this project proposes implementing teacher professional development to help close this academic achievement gap. Throughout this PD, teachers will engage in learning centered around effective practices for teaching ELs, team collaboration and coaching, and cultural competency.


Addressing Student Discipline Discrepancies Through Restorative Justice And Positive Behavioral Interventions And Supports, Josh Jackson Apr 2021

Addressing Student Discipline Discrepancies Through Restorative Justice And Positive Behavioral Interventions And Supports, Josh Jackson

Culminating Experience Projects

Schools throughout the country have relied on suspension and expulsion to create ‘safer’ schools, free from harm and distraction. This trend of reliance on suspension started in the mid-1990s, reaching its peak in 2011. This happened as a result of the implementation zero-tolerance discipline policies nearly nationwide. Zero-tolerance called for specific punishments for clearly outlined unsafe behaviors to start, but as years progressed, zero-tolerance in the form of suspension became a catch all for all types of behavior. In this shift toward suspension as a dominate form for behavior correction, Black students have been suspended at an alarming rate in ...


Second Language Learning In Elementary Years: Cognitive And Social-Emotional Benefits, Brooke Elenbaas Apr 2021

Second Language Learning In Elementary Years: Cognitive And Social-Emotional Benefits, Brooke Elenbaas

Culminating Experience Projects

All through the world bilingualism is a normal part of school, work, and culture creating cognitive and social-emotional benefits (Fan, 2016; Marian & Shook, 2012). The United States is a unique educational system, distinctly geared towards monolinguals, specifically English, especially in the elementary schools. The absence of second language learning at the elementary grades is a gap districts should seek to fill as research shows brain development positively effecting cognitive and social-emotional learning during this early stage of development (Abutalebi et al., 2011). This project is an in-service designed for elementary school districts pursuing a better understanding of why second language ...


One Size Does Not Fit All: Addressing Adolescents’ Needs For Historically And Culturally Responsive English Language Arts Curriculum, Angela Mckellar Apr 2021

One Size Does Not Fit All: Addressing Adolescents’ Needs For Historically And Culturally Responsive English Language Arts Curriculum, Angela Mckellar

Culminating Experience Projects

In recent years, education initiatives have aimed to link school and teacher effectiveness to secondary students’ performance on standardized testing. Consequently, many schools have adapted curriculum to prepare students for the test. As a result, many publishers have filled a need by providing packaged or scripted curriculum seeking to streamline the education process. This project explores the ways in which English Language Arts (ELA) standardized curriculum influences secondary students’ motivation and teachers’ autonomy. An effective ELA curriculum must meet the diverse needs of all students and allow for teacher autonomy to modify curriculum when and where needed. To meet adolescent ...


Trauma-Informed Care And Student Outcomes: A K-12 Perspective, Brookeann Maroney Apr 2021

Trauma-Informed Care And Student Outcomes: A K-12 Perspective, Brookeann Maroney

Culminating Experience Projects

Trauma negatively impacts student outcomes and is a problem that should be better understood and addressed in our K-12 educational systems. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and other household challenges have a positive correlation with difficulties across the lifespan (Plumb, Bush, & Kerseivich, 2016). This project will seek to explore those difficulties experienced by school-aged children in particular, and how trauma (ACEs) negatively impacts academic performance specifically. ACEs have a detrimental impact on the developing brain and the result of this effects the child in several ways, including behavioral issues at school (Plumb, Bush, & Kerseivich, 2016). Valuable research and evidence breaks down ...


Fostering Preschool Emergent Literacy Development Through Parent Involvement In The Preschool Classroom, Jamie S. Devries Apr 2021

Fostering Preschool Emergent Literacy Development Through Parent Involvement In The Preschool Classroom, Jamie S. Devries

Culminating Experience Projects

Kindergarten readiness standards have increased drastically over the years due to government legislation and a push for student achievement growth. This has led preschool teachers to feel a sense of urgency to prepare students as best they can for the increasingly rigorous academic demands of kindergarten. Preschool teachers are calling upon all possible resources to help prepare students for kindergarten, specifically parents. Research supports parent involvement in both the home and preschool classroom for emergent literacy growth. However, many parents, who likely would be keen to help, are not aware of how much the expectations for kindergarten readiness have changed ...


Writing As A Vessel For Thinking: Incorporating Self-Regulation, Metacognition, And Formative Assessment In The Middle School Ela Classroom, Alyssha Ginzel Apr 2021

Writing As A Vessel For Thinking: Incorporating Self-Regulation, Metacognition, And Formative Assessment In The Middle School Ela Classroom, Alyssha Ginzel

Culminating Experience Projects

Writing is not only a means of demonstrating what one knows, it is a vessel to knowing. Thus, secondary writing curricula should support students’ learning and knowing. Evidence from meta-analyses suggests that an emphasis on self-regulated instruction to teaching writing (Graham, 2018a; Graham, 2020; Graham & Perin, 2007), metacognitive strategies (Hacker, 2018; Madison et al., 2019), and an emphasis on formative assessment and feedback throughout the writing process (Black & Wiliam, 1998; Fleischer, 2013; Madison et al., 2019) are among the practices with the highest effect sizes on students’ thinking and writing. When purposefully integrating these approaches and practices, secondary-level writing teachers empower and support adolescents’ learning, including their thinking ...


Engaging Elementary Students Of Color In Culturally Relevant Teaching, Hilary S. O'Neill Apr 2021

Engaging Elementary Students Of Color In Culturally Relevant Teaching, Hilary S. O'Neill

Culminating Experience Projects

The United States population has and is continuing to become more diverse. This is evident in our country’s schools as there is an increasing number of students of color in our classrooms. The problem is that national standardized assessment data shows students of color perform significantly lower than their white peers across all content areas. Numerous factors have been studied as possible reasons for the persisting gap. This project focuses on some of the in-school contributing factors, such as teacher diversity, inadequate curriculum, and the lack of diversity found in curriculum and children’s literature. As the gap in ...


Evaluating Alumni Perceptions Of Reciprocity With Their Alma Mater, Courtney Geurink Apr 2021

Evaluating Alumni Perceptions Of Reciprocity With Their Alma Mater, Courtney Geurink

Culminating Experience Projects

A reciprocal relationship is based on a mutual exchange of goods, services, and support. Within the work of an alumni relations office, building and facilitating reciprocity between alumni and their alma mater summarizes the work. However, stereotypically, the relationship an alumnus/alumna has with their alma mater would not be described as reciprocal. Rather, it may be seen as single-sided, the university constantly asking alumni for their time, talent, and treasure. Thus, this qualitative, exploratory study utilized alumni interviews to determine the perception alumni have of their relationship with their alma mater. The study results suggest alumni do perceive their ...


The Importance Of Data-Informed Decision-Making When Analyzing And Selecting Resources For Social-Emotional Learning: A Process For Resource Review And Selection, Taylor S. Lindman Apr 2021

The Importance Of Data-Informed Decision-Making When Analyzing And Selecting Resources For Social-Emotional Learning: A Process For Resource Review And Selection, Taylor S. Lindman

Culminating Experience Projects

A rise in student behaviors across the nation have forced educators to consider the most appropriate means for reducing impulsive, defiant, oppositional and aggressive student behaviors. Contrary to historical belief, zero tolerance policies and punitive measures that are reliant on office referrals and suspensions make students feel isolated from the school environment and perpetuate behavior. Growing empirical research supports an alternative solution, social-emotional learning programs, that are commonly focused on student competency development specific to self-awareness, self-management, social-awareness, relationship skills, and responsible decision-making. Through the development of these social-emotional learning skills, students demonstrate improved attitudes, behaviors and academic achievement, as ...


No More Random Acts Of Literacy Coaching, Annie P. Spear Mar 2021

No More Random Acts Of Literacy Coaching, Annie P. Spear

Michigan Reading Journal

No abstract provided.


Essential Practices For Disciplinary Literacy Instruction In Secondary Classrooms, Jenelle Williams Mar 2021

Essential Practices For Disciplinary Literacy Instruction In Secondary Classrooms, Jenelle Williams

Michigan Reading Journal

This article describes the role of student-centered, problem-based instruction, and it offers practical tips and resources for secondary English Language Arts educators in using effective problem frames for units of instruction.


Big Kids Need Books Too: Lessons Learned From Building Classroom Libraries At The Secondary Level, Jenelle Williams, Megan Kortlandt Mar 2021

Big Kids Need Books Too: Lessons Learned From Building Classroom Libraries At The Secondary Level, Jenelle Williams, Megan Kortlandt

Michigan Reading Journal

This article is intended to describe the rationale and process of creating and effectively using classroom libraries in middle- and high-school English Language Arts classrooms. The authors connect theory to practice, using research to guide decisions about book selection and teacher professional development that takes into account the unique affordances and constraints of using classroom libraries at the secondary level. Additionally, the authors include considerations for the current reality of remote, virtual, and blended learning scenarios.


“We Can Do This At Our School!” Place-Based Education, Literacy, & Learning, Erica R. Hamilton, Janet Staal, Jessica Vander Ark Mar 2021

“We Can Do This At Our School!” Place-Based Education, Literacy, & Learning, Erica R. Hamilton, Janet Staal, Jessica Vander Ark

Michigan Reading Journal

This article highlights the power of using place-based education (PBE) in a K-8 school to support and extend students' literacy and learning. Through PBE, teachers learn to use their local places such as playgrounds, neighborhoods, parks, streams, forests, and urban centers as contexts to make connections and facilitate learning. Moreover, as seen in the examples provided throughout this article, PBE empowers teachers and students to study and read the world, integrate knowledge across disciplines, write for authentic purposes and audiences, create and share narratives connected to local places, and engage in and share research. As a result, students’ excitement for ...


Pizza, Pages, And Family Engagement: A Simple Approach To Family Literacy Night, Jennie Baumann Mar 2021

Pizza, Pages, And Family Engagement: A Simple Approach To Family Literacy Night, Jennie Baumann

Michigan Reading Journal

Family engagement in schools is a worthy but difficult pursuit. Between scheduling challenges, family needs, and other systemic factors, how can educators encourage family participation? This article details a simple practice using pizza, existing curriculum, and local resources as a way of working smarter to create a culture of family engagement around literacy.


Feedback As A Connector In Remote Learning Environments, Heather Rottermond, Laura Gabrion Mar 2021

Feedback As A Connector In Remote Learning Environments, Heather Rottermond, Laura Gabrion

Michigan Reading Journal

In March, Michigan educators unexpectedly found themselves rethinking instruction. As schools throughout the state were shuttered due to the COVID-19 health crisis, educators at every level needed to consider ways to sustain relationships with students in an effort to move learning forward. Feedback has always served as a natural connector between teachers and their students, but students’ use of feedback is based upon trust. This article examines the importance of formative assessment and the feedback cycle while exploring ways to deliver feedback in remote settings. By prioritizing the student-teacher relationship, teachers foster students’ active engagement with feedback, thereby raising students ...


A Call For Something Better: Classrooms As Foundations Of Respectful Argument For Civic Engagement, Mark Dziedzic, Bryn Orum, Linda Denstaedt Mar 2021

A Call For Something Better: Classrooms As Foundations Of Respectful Argument For Civic Engagement, Mark Dziedzic, Bryn Orum, Linda Denstaedt

Michigan Reading Journal

“Building Something Better: Civically Engaged Conversation with Contested Issues ” promotes essential elements teachers used to design text sets and student experiences supportive of inclusive classrooms that recognize diversity of perspectives as a strength. The National Writing Project’s College, Career, and Community Writers Program served as a framework for looking closely at the role of teaching practice to develop classroom conversations focused on contested social issues and text sets that disrupt prior thinking and open the door to multiple perspectives, stakeholders, and voices. The ideas presented in this article emerged in collaboration with teachers using C3WP to rethink their curriculum ...


Assessing Young Children’S Language And Nonverbal Communication In Oral Personal Narratives, Shelley Stagg Peterson, Nazila Eisazadeh, Andrea Liendo Mar 2021

Assessing Young Children’S Language And Nonverbal Communication In Oral Personal Narratives, Shelley Stagg Peterson, Nazila Eisazadeh, Andrea Liendo

Michigan Reading Journal

In this article, we describe tasks and an assessment framework, collaboratively designed with kindergarten teachers in a northern rural Canadian school district, to assess young children’s language and nonverbal communication. Our analysis of 44 five-year old children’s language samples showed that children usually provided information about the name or role of at least one character in their narrative, although a few children referred to characters only using pronouns and a few provided information about multiple features of characters. The events and ideas in most children’s narratives were loosely connected, although some children used conjunctions to connect them ...


Reading With Our Heads And Our Hearts To Build Empathy, Heidi Gibbons Mar 2021

Reading With Our Heads And Our Hearts To Build Empathy, Heidi Gibbons

Michigan Reading Journal

Reading in schools can often become very focused on text-level strategies, leading to expectations of students that result in monological responses, very little beyond-the-text interaction, and an absence of personal student growth. The purpose of this study was to determine how using the Book Head Heart approach created and shared by Kylene Beers and Bob Probst to interact with a text changed intermediate students on a social-emotional level, specifically how it affected their empathy skills. Student journal responses were coded before and after students learned the Book Head Heart method; in addition, students completed two surveys measuring empathy. Also, student ...


Defending The Humanities: Making A Case For Eighteenth-Century Studies, Katherine Gustafson, Heather King, Scott R. St. Louis, Linda Zionkowski Jan 2021

Defending The Humanities: Making A Case For Eighteenth-Century Studies, Katherine Gustafson, Heather King, Scott R. St. Louis, Linda Zionkowski

Peer Reviewed Articles

While the percentage of humanities majors has long been on the decline, the more recent experiences of the Great Recession, its aftermath, and the outbreak of Covid-19 have introduced a variety of daunting and intertwined challenges to scholars in these disciplines. Financial and occupational anxieties surrounding higher education threaten not only to crowd out humanities departments but also to alter the very understanding of what higher education is. While some students attend college to prepare themselves for engaged citizenship or to learn in a community, many also attend as a pathway to employment and expect a prompt return on investment ...