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Full-Text Articles in Education

Supporting Teachers With Project-Based Learning Implementation Through Professional Development, Anna Shamery Aug 2022

Supporting Teachers With Project-Based Learning Implementation Through Professional Development, Anna Shamery

Culminating Experience Projects

Project-Based Learning (PBL) has been proven to positively impact motivation, academic achievement, the acquisition of 21st century skills, and classroom community. Though many teachers are enthusiastic about this teaching and learning method, educators struggle with PBL implementation. Both teachers and students have a difficult time adapting to the new roles required in this learner-centered approach. Time constraints and curriculum demands also make PBL implementation challenging. However, high-quality professional development which incorporates adult learning theories can lead to successful PBL use in the classroom. This project outlines a year-long PBL professional development plan designed for K-5 teachers. During a week-long summer ...


Supporting Transgender And Nonbinary Middle School Students Through Inclusive Policies And Practices, Victoria Velding Aug 2022

Supporting Transgender And Nonbinary Middle School Students Through Inclusive Policies And Practices, Victoria Velding

Culminating Experience Projects

The United States is experiencing a youth mental health crisis. Research suggests rates of anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation have reached concerning levels in transgender and nonbinary youth. School can be a hostile place for marginalized youth. Transgender and nonbinary youth are especially susceptible to harassment and victimization, making school a particularly hostile place. When schools offer support and LGBTQ resources, school experiences can be improved for transgender and nonbinary youth. Unfortunately, school-wide supports and resources for LGBTQ students are less common in middle schools than high schools, leaving many students struggling at a critical developmental stage in their lives ...


Ell Cultural Inclusion Initiative, Julia L. Gidley Aug 2022

Ell Cultural Inclusion Initiative, Julia L. Gidley

Masters Theses

This project draws on Maslow’s theory of motivation using his hierarchy as a framework, as well as Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory. This project aims to engage and involve English Language Learners (ELL) in the classroom by informing educators of strategies that help to find commonalities among students and cultivate communication between Native English Speakers and ELLs thus developing a culturally inclusive classroom. By building the relationships between the two student subgroups (ELLs and NESs) teachers will gain a class of students who have a well-developed world view, increase language acquisition, and develop a deep appreciation and respect for other ...


Helping Students Reduce Test Anxiety For Success On Standardized Tests, Nicholas Iveson Aug 2022

Helping Students Reduce Test Anxiety For Success On Standardized Tests, Nicholas Iveson

Culminating Experience Projects

Research has revealed important information about test anxiety and the strategies that students can use to cope during an exam. School counselors can foster these coping strategies within students through classroom lessons. This project explores the history of high stakes testing and how this has led to students experiencing test anxiety as well as offers high school counselors a four-week lesson plan that will help ninth grade students in their first semester learn coping strategies. Strategies include mindfulness, test preparation and test taking strategies, and positive self-talk. These lessons are to be taught in classrooms as a tier 1 intervention.


Creating Effective Parent-Teacher Partnerships To Positively Impact Student Reading, Ashley A. Durack Aug 2022

Creating Effective Parent-Teacher Partnerships To Positively Impact Student Reading, Ashley A. Durack

Culminating Experience Projects

Research has proven that when families and educators work together the student benefits immensely and they are more prepared to reach greater academic success. Students today need more support than ever in many academic areas, especially literacy, that is why the creation of parent-teacher partnerships is crucial. When families and educators form strong parent-teacher partnerships they are able to communicate more openly and are able to effectively address the reading difficulties that students may encounter through a variety of different strategies. It’s important for educators to keep an open mind during the creation of these partnerships. It’s essential ...


Increasing Student Engagement And Comprehension In The Elementary Classroom Through Text-Based Discussions, Lisa Newberry Aug 2022

Increasing Student Engagement And Comprehension In The Elementary Classroom Through Text-Based Discussions, Lisa Newberry

Culminating Experience Projects

Research has illustrated that students are not performing at or above basic proficiency levels in reading. Several factors contribute to this lack of student achievement. Students need a comprehensive approach to understanding complex text, and teachers need assistance in facilitating this. Implementing a classroom discourse approach is an effective way to enable student engagement, build essential literacy skills, and promote reading comprehension to increase student academic achievement in all content areas. Currently, however, providing a discourse approach with fidelity has not been a top priority among stakeholders. Thus, this project focuses on the implementation of a professional development pilot program ...


Utilizing Tier 2 Pbis Interventions To Reduce Bullying Behaviors, Becky L. Dale Aug 2022

Utilizing Tier 2 Pbis Interventions To Reduce Bullying Behaviors, Becky L. Dale

Culminating Experience Projects

Bullying is a world-wide problem impacting students physically, emotionally, and mentally. Research has shown that bullies lack positive relationships and a sense of belonging at school. Positive Behavior Intervention Supports (PBIS) is a proactive plan used to teach appropriate behaviors and prevent behavior problems. The program implements three tiers of support for students. This project explores the use of a Tier 2 PBIS intervention as a method to increase students’ relationship building skills and belongingness and decrease negative and bullying behaviors. The Tier 2 intervention consists of small group curriculum that focus on social skills to teach students to improve ...


Culturally Responsive Teaching As A Way To Narrow The Opportunity Gap For African American Students, Emily Bazini Aug 2022

Culturally Responsive Teaching As A Way To Narrow The Opportunity Gap For African American Students, Emily Bazini

Culminating Experience Projects

Research reiterates the importance of implementing culturally responsive teaching and learning. Today, African American students and their families are in critical need for schools and teachers to support and implement characteristics of culturally responsive teaching and learning. The regular, standard curriculum is not benefitting African American students, as they are unable to make personal connections to their learning. In order to fully meet the needs of African American students, it is imperative that the teaching methods and the curriculum taught incorporate the cultural background and home lives of these students. It is important to note that the teaching workforce is ...


Text Based Discussions: An Approach To Teach Reading Comprehension, Georgeanne R. Green Aug 2022

Text Based Discussions: An Approach To Teach Reading Comprehension, Georgeanne R. Green

Culminating Experience Projects

Research has revealed that students’ reading comprehension success is a direct reflection on teachers’ knowledge of the content and level of comfort with instruction. Teachers play an important role in facilitating and managing meaningful interactions with a text amongst students. This project explores factors that contribute to reading comprehension. The main factor acknowledged in this project is the varied levels of teacher knowledge and instructional practices in reading. Consistency in instructional practices within a school matters. With that, this project highlights the importance of implementation of a reading approach, text based discussion, that entails many opportunities for collaborative learning. This ...


Supporting Adult Transfer Students, Ellis Louise Derezinski-Johnson Aug 2022

Supporting Adult Transfer Students, Ellis Louise Derezinski-Johnson

Culminating Experience Projects

Increased demand for postsecondary students to earn a bachelor’s degree has resulted in more community college students and an increase in the transfer function of postsecondary education. However, students who transfer from two- to four-year institutions often experience challenges along the way. Furthermore, adult vertical transfer students experience additional barriers, often due to the unique characteristics that they possess. Overall, there are a lack of resources to support these students specifically, and a lack of research examining their experiences. Given that adult learners make up a large subgroup within higher education, it is crucial to provide tools that assist ...


Orthographic Mapping: A Tool For Success In Reading, Vocabulary Word Knowledge, Meaning, And Self Teaching In The Primary Grades, Lauren Eisnor Aug 2022

Orthographic Mapping: A Tool For Success In Reading, Vocabulary Word Knowledge, Meaning, And Self Teaching In The Primary Grades, Lauren Eisnor

Culminating Experience Projects

High frequency words are words that appear often within text. These words often contain unfamiliar letter/sound patterns. In the past, educators have encouraged students to learn high frequency words beyond their level of decoding skill by techniques such as memorization, chants and mnemonics. Research is showing that students are capable of decoding words with unfamiliar letter/sound patterns; when they use phonic skills to do this work the words are stored in their memories. Orthographic mapping provides a structure by which students are able to practice listening for sounds, and determining corresponding letter patterns. Students are capable of decoding ...


Multimodal Vocabulary Instruction: An Approach For Supporting Reading Comprehension, Mary K. Van Singel Aug 2022

Multimodal Vocabulary Instruction: An Approach For Supporting Reading Comprehension, Mary K. Van Singel

Masters Theses

Children bring a wide range of vocabulary knowledge and prior experiences with them when they enter school. Research suggests that in order to bridge childrens’ word knowledge and the word knowledge needed for academic success, teachers must take on a multimodal instructional approach to foster vocabulary development and reading comprehension in students. This project explores how word knowledge develops in children as well as various research based features of vocabulary instruction to support word learning in the classroom. The project is designed to offer teachers professional development that works to grow teacher expertise for what effective vocabulary instruction is, the ...


Professional Development Through Literacy Coaching: Tools To Assist Literacy Coaches In Self-Reflection To Build Capacity, Rose M. Brooks Aug 2022

Professional Development Through Literacy Coaching: Tools To Assist Literacy Coaches In Self-Reflection To Build Capacity, Rose M. Brooks

Culminating Experience Projects

Professional development should be job-embedded, focused on the context of the work and allow ample time for practice and application. Recently, literacy coaching has been more widely implemented as a way to improve professional development for teachers. While there is a great deal of research around effective coaching practices, few resources to assess the implementation and quality of literacy coaching exist. This project explores the features of high-quality professional development and literacy coaching in order to develop self-reflection assessment tools for literacy coaches. This project offers a rubric, along with other supporting documents, to assist literacy coaches in reflecting, goal ...


Boosting Attendance Through Relationships, Mia Ferguson Aug 2022

Boosting Attendance Through Relationships, Mia Ferguson

Culminating Experience Projects

Research has shown that students who feel a sense of belonging or personal connectedness in school have higher academic achievement. This project is to help my school Westfield Preparatory High School with its attendance issues. Since COVID, we have struggled to make daily attendance, so I chose this research project to give me better insight based on the issues staff and students gave for chronic absenteeism. I created an in-service for teachers to let them know how important teacher-student relationships are. During this in-service, I will present my research to teachers and present an academic coaching program where teachers will ...


An Examination Of Interventions For Decreasing Academic Failure In Low-Income Students, Amy Elizabeth Mroczek Aug 2022

An Examination Of Interventions For Decreasing Academic Failure In Low-Income Students, Amy Elizabeth Mroczek

Culminating Experience Projects

Students from lower income brackets have a higher risk of not completing school. School misbehavior, school mobility, grade retention, homework completion, school safety, attendance, academic self-efficacy, academic engagement, and academic expectations were all uniquely related to grade point average and experiencing two of the risk factors was predictive of academic failure. The developed sessions were based on self-determination theory and motivational interviewing skills. The sessions include strategies to help with organization, time-management, and self-advocacy. These sessions are also designed to create a support system with peers and a trusted adult. Over the course of six small groups students will be ...


Addressing Disengagement In Text Through An Increase In Autonomy, Access, And Relevant Text Selection, Amanda L. Saffian Aug 2022

Addressing Disengagement In Text Through An Increase In Autonomy, Access, And Relevant Text Selection, Amanda L. Saffian

Masters Theses

This project proposal employs a broad range of research to design a plan of implementation that would address the effectiveness of increased permanent exposure to more diverse text sets. The essential components of this design are to investigate the efficacy of increasing access to multimodal, high-interest, and responsive texts in closing educational equity gaps as a substantive conceptual model of educational effectiveness and theory-based approaches to increase engagement in literacy and learning. This work would include developing a comprehensive catalog of texts which would allow for the most significant impact on student engagement. The literature used to justify design includes ...


Secondary Science Classrooms Are Not Engaging Enough To Draw Marginalized Students Into Stem Courses., Derek Ottenbaker Aug 2022

Secondary Science Classrooms Are Not Engaging Enough To Draw Marginalized Students Into Stem Courses., Derek Ottenbaker

Culminating Experience Projects

The problem being addressed in this project is that science classrooms are not engaging enough to hold students' attention and this is lowering the number of students in STEM majors and careers, especially marginalized groups. Data and research show that the world has an increasing need for people in STEM fields and the current data suggest that there are not enough qualified people in these fields or studying to enter these fields in the future. Research has also shown that there are ways to increase the amount of interest in STEM courses and most teachers will be able to tweak ...


Diversity In Educational Resources, Samantha Mae Howe Aug 2022

Diversity In Educational Resources, Samantha Mae Howe

Culminating Experience Projects

Educational resources need to be more diverse to better reflect the populations of classroom communities. Students identifying as Lesbian Gay Bisexual and/or Transgender (LGBT), girls and women, and students from ethnically and/or racially marginalized communities are affected by the classroom content they consume and are taught. This project focuses on the impacts of diversity in educational resources and how intersectional Culturally Responsive Teaching (CRT) can alleviate the harmful impacts of a one-sided narrative in curriculum. The unit plan included at the end of the project details how teachers can embed diversity into content curriculum and include diverse perspectives ...


Making Earth Science More Relevant To The Lives Of High School Students, Nick Vlietstra Aug 2022

Making Earth Science More Relevant To The Lives Of High School Students, Nick Vlietstra

Culminating Experience Projects

Many high school students are disengaged with science curriculum. This continues to be a major need across the STEM subjects as there is a lack of students who are interested in higher level STEM and in STEM careers, which comes at a time when the need is increasing. Earth Science remains a subject that is not heavily emphasized in school curriculum but plays an important role in the current and future lives of students as it covers content such as sustainability, recycling, being responsible with resources and climate change. In order for engagement to increase in STEM learning, a more ...


A Research Based Approach To Implementing And Sustaining School-Wide Or District Wide Restorative Practices, Brandon M. Lane Aug 2022

A Research Based Approach To Implementing And Sustaining School-Wide Or District Wide Restorative Practices, Brandon M. Lane

Culminating Experience Projects

Restorative practices implementation fails for four reasons. First, districts omit or inadequately engage in a readiness to change assessment to initiate the process for RP implementation. Districts fail to identify if it is worth investing, they fail to analyze their school data in conjunction with identifying areas of school improvement to truly determine how RP can positively impact their school community. This is significant because it directly impacts districts ability to secure and sustain administrative support and teacher buy-in. Secondly, districts erroneously introduce RP as a classroom management system rather than a relational quality initiative (Vaandering, 2014; Short, Case and ...


The Development Of The Soft Skills Within Social Studies Curriculum, Bradley G. Boven Aug 2022

The Development Of The Soft Skills Within Social Studies Curriculum, Bradley G. Boven

Culminating Experience Projects

The project being done has the objective to bring attention to teachers of the lack of soft skills being taught within the social studies curriculum. This project's end goal is to use research that covers the importance of soft skills for students to develop as well as project based learning to implement it. The key findings are that project based learning when being used within the classroom can develop soft skills for students to critically think, collaborate with others, and problem solve while developing intrinsic motivators for their own work. The project that had been instituted was for a ...


Retention Of Novice Teachers, Renna Varano Aug 2022

Retention Of Novice Teachers, Renna Varano

Culminating Experience Projects

The field of education is a constantly unsettled field with new pedagogical trends, new policies and immense attrition rates at every turn. Upon attempting to study the causes and effects of teacher attrition, it can be deduced that there is no one cause yet one major effect: student achievement. Schools that have lower rates of student achievement typically have difficulty maintaining a highly effective teaching staff. This issue affects any and all types of schools, some more than others. In order to guarantee students a right to an equitable education, school leaders must create supportive mentoring and induction programs for ...


Culturally Responsive Teaching In The Art Room, Katherine Starr Dana Aug 2022

Culturally Responsive Teaching In The Art Room, Katherine Starr Dana

Culminating Experience Projects

This project examines culturally responsive teaching in the art education classroom. As diversity in student populations increase in art rooms all across the United States, there is a lack of diversity in the teaching workforce-which remains predominately White and female (Lee, 2012). In order to bridge the overwhelming demographic divide to meet the needs of all students, art teachers must become better positioned to work in increasingly diverse school populations and create meaningful connections to student’s experiences. In order to achieve this goal, art teachers must become culturally competent through the use of culturally responsive teaching. The project is ...


A Framework For Interdisciplinary Read Aloud Lessons, Lyndsey M. Bensel Aug 2022

A Framework For Interdisciplinary Read Aloud Lessons, Lyndsey M. Bensel

Culminating Experience Projects

Science and social studies instruction at the elementary level has diminished in quantity and quality as a result of increasing pressure to maximize English language arts achievement. This approach exchanges short term gains in reading proficiency for long term deficits across many disciplines. Research establishes a strong connection between background knowledge gained through content area learning and the ability to comprehend expository texts. Moreover, deprioritizing science and social studies instruction limits opportunities to explore disciplinary literacy practices which serve as the foundation for acquiring knowledge in different disciplines. The framework for interdisciplinary read aloud lessons developed through this project, will ...


Promoting Trauma Informed Professional Learning And Practices For Staff And Student Success, Rachel E. Anderson Aug 2022

Promoting Trauma Informed Professional Learning And Practices For Staff And Student Success, Rachel E. Anderson

Culminating Experience Projects

Educating students is incredibly important life’s work. When done successfully, it requires teachers and staff members to not only find independently successful strategies for each student to learn academics at their own personal highest caliber, but it also requires us to form authentic and caring relationships with each and every student inside our building. Offering students an emotionally safe environment where they know they are valued and supported is oftentimes undervalued in this nation of high stakes testing as the determinant of sole success. However, in order to “get to” the academics, we need to begin by pouring into ...


Small Group Interventions For Students From Single Parent Households, Gerrit Immink Aug 2022

Small Group Interventions For Students From Single Parent Households, Gerrit Immink

Culminating Experience Projects

Research shows that children raised by a single parent often exhibit increased behavioral problems, anxiety, loneliness, stress, and aggressiveness. Divorce, the death of a parent, and parental incarceration are all prominent factors that can lead to children being raised in single parent homes. Small group counseling interventions that focus on these unique situations have been shown to increase self-concept and self-esteem, as well as self-confidence. These interventions have also shown to increase students positive coping skills and decrease feelings of depression and anxiety. This project is a guide to be used by school counselors to build and facilitate counseling small ...


Developing Teacher Knowledge Of The Science Of Reading: Phonemic Awareness & Phonics, Megan Erin Dziedzic Aug 2022

Developing Teacher Knowledge Of The Science Of Reading: Phonemic Awareness & Phonics, Megan Erin Dziedzic

Culminating Experience Projects

In 2000 the National Reading Panel addressed the low reading proficiency of students in the United States with a report detailing the result of many meta-analysis studies regarding five key areas of literacy: literacy, phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension (Report of the National Reading Panel, 2000). Through compiling research regarding literacy teaching practices, the panel concluded that to improve literacy scores, we need to focus on research-based, systematic, and explicit instruction, especially in the foundational years of lower elementary (Report of the National Reading Panel, 2000). The science of reading is a broad heading that incorporates neuroscience research ...


Improving Writing Instruction Through Professional Development, Katherine Irene Miller Aug 2022

Improving Writing Instruction Through Professional Development, Katherine Irene Miller

Culminating Experience Projects

Educators have many demands placed on them that influences classroom instruction and the amount of time spent on each subject area. Teachers typically spend a large part of the day focusing on reading. However, they are less likely to spend the same amount of time on writing instruction. This project states the importance of writing instruction having an equal amount of time devoted to it as reading and should be taught in coordination with reading. It is important for students to receive quality writing instruction because it is a skill they will need to develop to become successful in post ...


Phonological Awareness Activities For Students With Reading Challenges, Kelsey Dewitt Aug 2022

Phonological Awareness Activities For Students With Reading Challenges, Kelsey Dewitt

Culminating Experience Projects

Phonological awareness has become more prevalent in schools over the years, but students with dyslexia and other forms of reading challenges tend to still struggle. One out of three fourth graders struggle with reading, and instruction is usually done orally and in a whole group setting. There is also a lack of visuals and manipulatives. Phonological awareness is the ability to work with letter sounds and manipulate them in words. A few examples include blending sounds together, taking one sound out to replace with another, and identifying the first sound in a word. These skills equip students for reading and ...


Every Good Thing: Promoting Culturally Relevant Education And Early Literacy Skills Of Young African American Boys Living In Poverty, Laura Thormann Aug 2022

Every Good Thing: Promoting Culturally Relevant Education And Early Literacy Skills Of Young African American Boys Living In Poverty, Laura Thormann

Culminating Experience Projects

Research has shown a persistent literacy achievement gap between African American males and their peers. This problem has its roots in historical inequity within urban schools serving students living in poverty, as well as gaps in school readiness and learning related skills among many young Black boys. This project seeks to understand the various components affecting emergent literacy within these communities and seeks to better understand how teachers and schools can form meaningful and productive partnerships with families. For too long these children and families have been viewed through a deficit model and have struggled to form positive self-identities as ...