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Edith Cowan University

2008

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Articles 31 - 60 of 109

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Relationship Between Critical Thinking And Language Proficiency Of Malaysian Undergraduates, Rosyati Abdul Rashid, Rosna Awang Hashim Jan 2008

The Relationship Between Critical Thinking And Language Proficiency Of Malaysian Undergraduates, Rosyati Abdul Rashid, Rosna Awang Hashim

EDU-COM International Conference

In the present information era, university students are expected to be able to think critically so that they will be able to keep up with the changes brought about by new technological innovations and have better chances of employability. Since language is an important tool for acquiring knowledge at the tertiary level, it is therefore important to gain insight into the nature of the critical thinking ability of undergraduates and its possible link to their language proficiency. This study examined the critical thinking ability of Malaysian undergraduates and its relationship to language proficiency. The Bahasa Malaysia version of the Cornell ...


Experiences Of Mature Age Female Students Studying Psychology: A Phenomenological Account, Ruth Ayres, Andrew Guilfoyle Jan 2008

Experiences Of Mature Age Female Students Studying Psychology: A Phenomenological Account, Ruth Ayres, Andrew Guilfoyle

EDU-COM International Conference

Australian Government policies have increased accessibility of under-represented groups into Universities, and one significant group in this shift is mature aged women (Department of Education, Science and Training 2004). University policy related to provision of support for nontraditional groups of students, through improved academic and support services is beneficial in improving student retention rates among non-traditional student groups (Krause et al. 2005). The present paper reports a phenomenological approach (Moustakas 1994; Smith & Osborn 2003) to understanding how expectations of higher education impacts on adjustment to study within lived experiences of 12 women aged between 40-49 years studying Psychology. Each participant ...


Factors Affecting Team-Based Learning In Industrial Education: Thai Instructors‟ Perspectives, Thanongsak Sovajassatakul, Kalayanee Jitgarun, Raveewan Shinatrakool Jan 2008

Factors Affecting Team-Based Learning In Industrial Education: Thai Instructors‟ Perspectives, Thanongsak Sovajassatakul, Kalayanee Jitgarun, Raveewan Shinatrakool

EDU-COM International Conference

This study was conducted to explore instructors‘ perspectives of factors affecting Team-Based Learning (TBL). We administered a likert-style questionnaire with a seven-point rating scale to 153 instructors from six Faculties of Industrial Education throughout Thailand. The questionnaire‘s content validity was examined by five experts. Its reliability calculated by Cronbach Alpha Coefficient was 0.94. We identified six factors as follows: (1) Knowledge and Comprehension (2) Objectives of Learners‘ Readiness (3) ―Don‘t Do‖ Activities (4) Teaching and Learning Activities (5) Roles of Instructor and Learners (6) Principles and Planning of TBL. In general, our results suggest that TBL requires ...


Postgraduate Students And Critical Thinking: Some Validation, Mike Johnstone Jan 2008

Postgraduate Students And Critical Thinking: Some Validation, Mike Johnstone

EDU-COM International Conference

Sustainability in higher education is an interesting idea because the nature of the concept changes depending on the viewpoint of the stakeholder. For an academic, a key aspect of sustainability is about facilitating life-long learning. One way to do that is to provide students with opportunities to think for themselves and to nurture that ability. This paper describes the second stage of a research programme whose focus was critical thinking (CT) and explores how information technology (IT) Masters-level students model problems. Results from a prior study suggested that IT students appear to improve their problem-solving ability by undertaking structured CT ...


Construction Of An Automotive Technology Competency Analysis Profile For Training Undergraduate Students: A Case Study Of Automotive Body Electrical Technology Systems, Weerayute Sudsomboon Jan 2008

Construction Of An Automotive Technology Competency Analysis Profile For Training Undergraduate Students: A Case Study Of Automotive Body Electrical Technology Systems, Weerayute Sudsomboon

EDU-COM International Conference

The purposes of this study was to construct an automotive technology competency analysis profile for training undergraduate students of Mechanical Technology Education program at King Mongkut‘s University of Technology Thonburi and to identify the tasks list of automotive body electrical technology systems. The qualitative and quantitative data was collected through observations, in-depth interviews, document analysis, and DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) job analysis process with 17 training instructors from 12 well-known car automobile companies in Thailand. The triangulation method was referred to validate an automotive technology competency analysis profile. The results of this study indicated that were 7 job duties ...


Mutual Adaptation Of International Students And Academics For The Sustainable Development Of International Education, Tran Ly Thi Jan 2008

Mutual Adaptation Of International Students And Academics For The Sustainable Development Of International Education, Tran Ly Thi

EDU-COM International Conference

This paper reports the findings of a qualitative study that explores how international students from China and Vietnam in different disciplines in Australian higher education interpret and adapt to disciplinary requirements and how academics respond to the diverse needs of international students. The study employed a trans-disciplinary framework for interpreting students‘ and lecturers' practices within institutional structures. This framework has been developed by infusing a modified version of Lillis‘ (2001) heuristic for exploring students‘ meaning making with positioning theory (Harré & van Langenhove, 1999). A prominent finding of the study indicates the emergence of three main forms of adaptation, committed adaptation ...


Expanding The Ecological Consciousness Of Social Work Students: Education For Sustainable Practice, Peter Jones Jan 2008

Expanding The Ecological Consciousness Of Social Work Students: Education For Sustainable Practice, Peter Jones

EDU-COM International Conference

Social work has a long tradition of being explicitly concerned with the ‗person-in-environment‘, recognising the need to take account of context when working to address disadvantage and maximise wellbeing. This concern with environment, and indeed with the concept of sustainability has, however, been focused primarily on the social rather than the ecological (Coates 2003; Besthorne & McMillen 2002). At a time when increasing attention is being paid to the importance of promoting education about, and for, sustainability in higher education (Sipos, Battisti & Grimm 2008; Wright 2002; Thomas 2004), the social work profession also needs to begin engaging in a more holistic and integrative manner with issues of sustainability and our relationship to the nonhuman world. This paper reports on a course offering in a social work degree program that ...


The Introduction Of A 'Learning In The Workplace' Component For An Undergraduate It Program And Its Impact On Professional Accreditation, Grace Tan, Anne Venables Jan 2008

The Introduction Of A 'Learning In The Workplace' Component For An Undergraduate It Program And Its Impact On Professional Accreditation, Grace Tan, Anne Venables

EDU-COM International Conference

A new learning in the workplace and community policy (LiWC) at Victoria University has been introduced to ensure that graduates are job and career ready. The policy mandates that all programs incorporate at least a 25% workplace contextual learning component by 2010. For the IT undergraduate program, compliance with this policy poses a number of significant challenges, not least of which is the meeting of professional accreditation criteria. Acquiring a recognized professional body accreditation, like that of the Australian Computer Society (ACS), is pivotal for all IT Australian programs, in that, it is a vital quality assurance measure and it ...


Research-Based Teaching At Universities: A Case Study Of Kmutt, Wipawee Iemworamate Jan 2008

Research-Based Teaching At Universities: A Case Study Of Kmutt, Wipawee Iemworamate

EDU-COM International Conference

Traditionally, university teaching is predominantly lecture-based. An alternative approach to teaching is research-based teaching in which teachers change their roles to mentors and students change their roles to researchers. This study compares students‘ evaluations of the two approaches. The hypothesis of the study is that students taught with a research-based approach were likely to evaluate the teaching higher than those students taught with a lecture-based one. The subject population were students enrolled at King Mongkut‘s University of Technology Thonburi, which primarily focuses on science and technology. The subject samples were undergraduate students enrolled in two social studies courses, taught ...


Bridging The Theory To Practice Gap Using Performance Based Simulation, Christopher Churchouse, Cobie Rudd Jan 2008

Bridging The Theory To Practice Gap Using Performance Based Simulation, Christopher Churchouse, Cobie Rudd

EDU-COM International Conference

Simulation is a technique, not a technology, to replace or amplify real experiences with guided experiences, often immersive in nature, that evoke or replicate substantial aspects of the real world in a fully interactive fashion. (Gaba, 2004). There has been a growing acceptance on the use of simulation in teaching cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), cardiology skills, anaesthesia skills, and crisis management largely focusing on responding to physiological events. However its use in other health and education arenas is less common due to their complexity of characterisation. There are a number of reasons for this: Complex performance based scenarios can be difficult ...


A New Perspective For Quality Improvement In Teaching And Learning Processes, Boon Han Yeap Jan 2008

A New Perspective For Quality Improvement In Teaching And Learning Processes, Boon Han Yeap

EDU-COM International Conference

Education has always been facing the challenge in ensuring that the quality of teaching and learning takes place effectively. One possible path for improving the quality of education lies in the application of a Quality Management approach as has been used in Industries, to the teaching and learning process. This paper adopts and uses the principles from one of the Quality Management methods, Total Quality Management as the pedagogical methodology and improved framework in managing, scrutinizing and enhancing the quality of teaching and learning practices in higher education. The paper focuses on the limited application areas of specific key components ...


Educating Using An Information System As A Cognitive Tool, Richard Fulford Jan 2008

Educating Using An Information System As A Cognitive Tool, Richard Fulford

EDU-COM International Conference

This paper discusses the effective education of internal and external students, concerning business processes and principles, using an enterprise resource planning application as a cognitive tool. The teachings explain a number of core business principles and develop students understanding of how the processes might vary between organisations in differing industries and environmental settings. The students establish the processes in an enterprise resource planning application, which reinforces the understanding of both operational activities and business management requirements. A cohort of students has been surveyed; the findings demonstrate that education using an enterprise resource planning application as an interactive learning system is ...


Community Engagement For Sustainability: An Invitation And A Challenge To All Universities, John Renner, James Cross Jan 2008

Community Engagement For Sustainability: An Invitation And A Challenge To All Universities, John Renner, James Cross

EDU-COM International Conference

Universities are responding impressively to the challenges associated with global warming and to the urgent need for sustainable use of the world‘s finite resources. This paper reviews a selection of sustainable development initiatives already taken by universities in North America and Europe and suggests that while many universities are committing themselves to sustainability goals, greater emphasis could be given to the several ways of sharing these goals with the local community; to ways of engaging the community in the process of sustainable development; to ways of empowering universities through various forms of community engagement. Engagement for sustainability and collaboration ...


Embedding Indigenous Content Into Qualitative Research In Psychology In Reflective Case Studies: A Case For Social Change, Andrew Guilfoyle Jan 2008

Embedding Indigenous Content Into Qualitative Research In Psychology In Reflective Case Studies: A Case For Social Change, Andrew Guilfoyle

EDU-COM International Conference

Australian universities recognise cultural competency as an essential attribute for graduates. Within this context, The Australian Psychology Accreditation Committee (APAC) has enforced requirements for students within psychology programmes to have access to Indigenous content. Though Indigenous participation rates are low, the inclusion of Indigenous content or what is often labeled ‗Indigenous psychology‘ acts at least as a symbolic gesture and important step forward in reconciling the massively disadvantaged position of Indigenous Australians. However there is little to date in that way of guides to help develop appropriate teaching methods to include such content more substantially in programmes. This paper reflects ...


Directions For Change In H.E. In The Mekong Region: Pasts-Thinking To Futures-Thinking, And City Universities To Village Colleges, Martin Allinson Jan 2008

Directions For Change In H.E. In The Mekong Region: Pasts-Thinking To Futures-Thinking, And City Universities To Village Colleges, Martin Allinson

EDU-COM International Conference

Written by a retired university and college engineering teacher, who (at 73) is now Khon Kaen University‘s oldest student, doing a PhD study of Sustainable Development‘s Curriculum Effects, the paper is directed primarily to young members of faculty who are looking forward to their careers in universities as those universities will be in the future. The paper provides a challenge to universities in response to geopolitical change. While at first glance the scenario of global resource depletion and impact on the local Mekong Basin community presents a depressing picture, the paper provides an optimistic option based on forward ...


The Development Of Ucitv (University Campus Interactive Television): Uthm Experience, Mohd Nor Ihkasan, Mohd Noor Fazelah, Hamim Sanusi, Mohamad Bin Mohd Som Jan 2008

The Development Of Ucitv (University Campus Interactive Television): Uthm Experience, Mohd Nor Ihkasan, Mohd Noor Fazelah, Hamim Sanusi, Mohamad Bin Mohd Som

EDU-COM International Conference

In enhancing the process of teaching and learning, many technological devices were created to facilitate these processes. As a new university in the southern of peninsular Malaysia, UTHM had introduced a new method of educational enhancement, which is the use of University Campus Interactive television (UCiTV). The changes in the development of video technology in teaching and learning process had made UCiTV a realization for this new university. The use of online video or Internet protocol television was utilized in the teaching process. Students/users are able to access and watch online video lectures in PowerPoint form. UCiTV can be ...


Fostering Students' Self Assessment Skills For Sustainable Learning, Kalayanee Singh, J Terry Jan 2008

Fostering Students' Self Assessment Skills For Sustainable Learning, Kalayanee Singh, J Terry

EDU-COM International Conference

Enhancing academic quality and the employability of graduates are among the most frequently mentioned driving forces behind global higher education improvement initiatives for the past two decades (Garfield 1994; Gibbs 1999; Harvey and Green 1994; Reichart and Tauch 2003; Edwards 1997). This has contributed to shifts in teaching, learning and assessment practices to enhance students‘ academic competencies and generic attributes as compatible goals of higher education and employers. Consequently the role of assessment of student learning in higher education is continually being broadened to contribute to sustainable learning.


Student Motivation And Attitude Towards Virtual Versus Traditional Learning Based On Cognitive Styles, Wacheerapan Kaewprapan, Surachai Suksakulchai Jan 2008

Student Motivation And Attitude Towards Virtual Versus Traditional Learning Based On Cognitive Styles, Wacheerapan Kaewprapan, Surachai Suksakulchai

EDU-COM International Conference

The purpose of this study was to identify differences in student motivation and attitude in relation to cognitive styles between two types of instruction (virtual and traditional). The study‘s participants were 40 first-year students enrolled in the Metal Technology Department at Rajamangala University of Technology Phra Nakhon Thailand. All students were doing a virtual reality module within one course and traditional lecture within another. The students completed a cognitive style test (Group Embedded Figures Test) which classified students as either field-dependent (FD) or field-independent (FI). Students also completed a questionnaire designed to measure motivation and attitude. The sample included ...


Introducing A New Technology To Enhance Community Sustainability: An Investigation Of The Possibilities Of Sun Spots, S Tantisureeporn, L J. Armstrong Jan 2008

Introducing A New Technology To Enhance Community Sustainability: An Investigation Of The Possibilities Of Sun Spots, S Tantisureeporn, L J. Armstrong

EDU-COM International Conference

The introduction of the Sun SPOT, Small Programmable Object Technology, developed by Sun Microsystems has been depicted as providing a revolutionary change in cyber physical interaction. Based on Sun Java Micro Edition (ME), this sensor technology has the potential to be used across a number of discipline areas to interface with systems, the environment and biological domains. This paper will outline the potential of Sun SPOTs to enhance community sustainability. An action based research project was carried out to investigate the potential uses of these technologies and develop a prototype system as a proof of concept. The research will compare ...


E-Learning Methods As A Driver For The Internationalisation Of Web Development Courses, Justin Brown Jan 2008

E-Learning Methods As A Driver For The Internationalisation Of Web Development Courses, Justin Brown

EDU-COM International Conference

Over the past decade, as software development has moved from a platform specific, desktop based software approach to a web focused environment, the ability to develop courses for wider delivery has increased. At the same time university courses have undergone major changes in teaching mode, with an expectation that online versions of teaching materials should be delivered as readily and to the same quality as in-class materials. This paper examines how the re-development of course materials to support online (off-campus) students as well as on campus students provides an opportunity to deliver those same materials to overseas partners. This is ...


My Media Trainer: An Innovative, Interactive Resource To Ensure Sustainability In The Training Of Media Professionals, Wendy Chalmers, Martin Hadlow, Ingrid Jackson, Shannon Johnston Jan 2008

My Media Trainer: An Innovative, Interactive Resource To Ensure Sustainability In The Training Of Media Professionals, Wendy Chalmers, Martin Hadlow, Ingrid Jackson, Shannon Johnston

EDU-COM International Conference

Communication and media play a crucial role in both message delivery and the empowerment of people in their own development processes. UNESCO has been actively engaged in trying to build capacity among media professionals to equip them with training in sensitivity to issues, the different formats that they can use to disseminate information, and how best to get the information to the people who are most affected by it (Khan, 2008). One of the challenges of educating large numbers of professionals, particularly in developing countries, is a lack of trained teachers. To meet this challenge, UNESCO commissioned the development of ...


Different Degrees Of Blending Benefit Students Differently: A Pilot Study, Chang Tik Chan, Yit Yan Koh Jan 2008

Different Degrees Of Blending Benefit Students Differently: A Pilot Study, Chang Tik Chan, Yit Yan Koh

EDU-COM International Conference

We are constantly seeking for the best method to teach our students. Lecture style which is in existence for many years is still applicable to a certain extent. The birth of personal computer and Internet has resulted in wide spectrum of instructional strategies taking advantage of these two wonders. One of them is blended learning. The model used in this experiment has online and offline modes. For the online mode we used forum discussions to replace face-to-face instructions. Lecturers are introduced to various online activities that they can choose from in the forum discussions. One of the important aspects of ...


Item Banking With Rasch Measurement: An Example For Primary Mathematics In Thailand, Chaowprapha Chuesathuchon, Russell F. Waugh Jan 2008

Item Banking With Rasch Measurement: An Example For Primary Mathematics In Thailand, Chaowprapha Chuesathuchon, Russell F. Waugh

EDU-COM International Conference

This study was conducted in Thailand to create a Mathematics item bank and a Computerized Adaptive Test (CAT) for the students to ‗interrogate‘ the bank. First, 290 multiple-choice test items on mathematical equations were created for an item bank. They consisted of nine aspects: (1) identifying an equation; (2) identifying the true equation; (3) identifying equations with an unknown; (4) finding the value of an unknown that satisfies the equation; (5) identifying a method to solve an equation; (6) finding the solutions to equations; (7) finding a solution to an equation related to a given condition; (8) selecting an equation ...


Identification Of Learning Barriers Affecting English Reading Comprehension Instruction, As Perceived By Esl Undergraduates In Thailand, Chayapon Chomchaiya, Katie Dunworth Jan 2008

Identification Of Learning Barriers Affecting English Reading Comprehension Instruction, As Perceived By Esl Undergraduates In Thailand, Chayapon Chomchaiya, Katie Dunworth

EDU-COM International Conference

Facility in English language reading comprehension is essential for learners of English as a second language, since English is the international language of written (as well as spoken) communication for business, science and technology. In Thailand, as acknowledged in the literature, learners of English as a second language often experience considerable difficulties with reading. There are many reasons for this, but, given the importance of reading to the development of language proficiency, it is of great importance to identify ways in which student learning can be enhanced. This paper reports on a project that sought to obtain specific information from ...


"Plan Your Study Around Your Life, Not The Other Way Around": How Are Semi-Engaged Students Coping With Flexible Access?, Eva Dobozy Jan 2008

"Plan Your Study Around Your Life, Not The Other Way Around": How Are Semi-Engaged Students Coping With Flexible Access?, Eva Dobozy

EDU-COM International Conference

Higher education ad campaigns that promote flexibility of study arrangements are gaining momentum in Australia and elsewhere. Edith Cowan University (ECU) acknowledged the competition between prospective students‘ study time, paid work and/or family commitments with its slogan ―Plan your study around your life, not the other way round‖. ECU‘s promotion of ‗flexibility‘ is understandable in the current competitive and market-driven economic climate. However, what are the consequences of universities becoming so reactive and responsive to the demands of ‗paying customers‘ and market pressures? What is the price of flexible access? This paper will analyse the rates of academic ...


Living Cases: Authentic Learning In Action, Dieter Fink Jan 2008

Living Cases: Authentic Learning In Action, Dieter Fink

EDU-COM International Conference

The paper outlines the merit of using case studies in teaching, such as providing real life examples to contextualise theoretical concepts and shifting the emphasis from teacher-centred to more studentcentred activities. While there are a variety of case types the material they provide is traditionally static. However, in real life, solutions are affected by changed circumstances reflecting a volatile environment. Hence, the paper reports on the approach of using a ‗living‘ case where students are confronted with teacher-initiated interventions while solving the case. The specific case was that of a university deciding to make, purchase or outsource an Information Technology ...


The Teacher – Technology Balance In Business Case Teaching: A Student Perspective, Dieter Fink Jan 2008

The Teacher – Technology Balance In Business Case Teaching: A Student Perspective, Dieter Fink

EDU-COM International Conference

This research investigated students‘ preferences for completing business case studies online compared to face-to-face. The research model was based on the ‗cognitive‘ dimensions of Henri (1992) and the ‗reflective thinking‘ types of Mezirow (1991) against which the activities in case learning were charted. Data was collected through a questionnaire involving postgraduate business students. The findings indicated that, to gain understanding of the case, students prefer material in multimedia form but overall the physical approach was preferred, particular the use of class discussions. When analysing and solving the case problem, the physical and online approaches were more balanced. When developing recommendations ...


Supporting Student Learning With Digital Audio: A Low-Tech Approach, Stuart Garner Jan 2008

Supporting Student Learning With Digital Audio: A Low-Tech Approach, Stuart Garner

EDU-COM International Conference

Advances in technology have made the use of digitized audio, often in the form of podcasts, more popular in recent years. The MP3 compression file format for such audio has become a defacto standard and the associated MP3 players are now ubiquitous. In the domain of eLearning, audio id perceived as a low-tech approach when compared with video technology. However such an approach can be useful as firstly, such audios can support mLearning as they can be listened to anywhere, and secondly, they are easy to produce for technology challenged instructors. This paper uses a teaching and learning framework as ...


A Strategic Planning Of Thailand Vocational Education Management, Malai Gerawatanakaset Jan 2008

A Strategic Planning Of Thailand Vocational Education Management, Malai Gerawatanakaset

EDU-COM International Conference

Purpose – To identify the relevant factors that have significant influences on the vocational education system of Thailand and to propose an approach for future development and/or improvement of the system‘s strategic plan. Design/methodology/approach – To identify and study the major factors that have significant influences on the development of strategic plan, three rounds of surveys using Delphi Technique on 17 individuals comprising students, teachers, administrators, and professionals and 9 well-known experts in the field of vocational education of Thailand were conducted. The approach for strategic plan development was obtained by conducting a group discussion for the 9 ...


Higher Education And The Challenge Of Growth And Sustainability, Arsalan Ghorbani Sheikhneshin Jan 2008

Higher Education And The Challenge Of Growth And Sustainability, Arsalan Ghorbani Sheikhneshin

EDU-COM International Conference

The first part of this paper explains the linkage among higher education, internationalization, development and social justice. The paper argues that universities are institutions that, in all societies, have performed basic functions which result from the particular, combination of cultural and ideological, social and economic, educational and scientific roles that have been assigned to them. They are multi-purpose or multi-product institutions, which contribute to the generation and transmission of ideology, the selection and formation of elites, the social development and educational upgrading of societies, the production and application of knowledge and the training of the highly skilled labour force. This ...