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Reading (Elementary)

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Word Calling In 3rd And 4th Graders: Exploring Student And Teacher Characteristics, Lindsay Starr Couzens May 2013

Word Calling In 3rd And 4th Graders: Exploring Student And Teacher Characteristics, Lindsay Starr Couzens

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Reading difficulties in elementary school-aged children may occur when two components of reading- word identification, comprehension, or both of these skills- are weak or underdeveloped (Gough, 1972; Hoover & Gough, 1990; Joshi & Aaron, 2000; Savage, 2001). One type of reading difficulty that is frequently identified by teachers is known as "word calling." Previous research (Hamilton & Shinn, 2003; Hendricks, Reynolds & Sinatra, 2003, Meisinger, Bradley, Schwanenflugel, Kuhn, & Morris, 2009) found that teachers were not accurate in their identification of word callers (word callers). They tended to over-identify these students in their classrooms, confusing them with typical struggling readers.

The theoretical notion that only small numbers of word callers exist in any given classroom has been supported in the research literature (Shankweiler et al., 1999; see also Hamilton & Shinn, 2003; Hendricks et al., 2003; Meisinger et al., 2009). For example, Shankweiler et al. (1999) found that only 2.5% of a sample of 361 students between 2nd and 4th grades fit the criteria of word callers. Even students who could be classified as word callers ...


Effects Of Teacher-Led Reading Teaching Activities And Student Independent Reading On Fourth Grade Ell Student Reading Comprehension, Siping Liu Aug 2012

Effects Of Teacher-Led Reading Teaching Activities And Student Independent Reading On Fourth Grade Ell Student Reading Comprehension, Siping Liu

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This dissertation study examines the effects of four teacher-led reading activities recommended by the reading teaching policy and student independent reading activity on the development of English language learners (ELL) reading proficiency at fourth grade in U.S. elementary schools. In this study, I first introduce the significance of studying the relationship between ELL reading development and the reading teaching activities recommended for ELL students' reading development and discuss the potential conflicts of the ideas underlying these teaching activities with some assumptions underlying the second language theories. With such an introduction as a base, I raise some research questions for ...


The Role Of Elementary School Principals Supporting Teachers In The Instruction Of Reading For English Language Learners: A Dissertation, Nadene B. Stein Jan 2012

The Role Of Elementary School Principals Supporting Teachers In The Instruction Of Reading For English Language Learners: A Dissertation, Nadene B. Stein

Educational Studies Dissertations

This study utilized data gleaned from on-line surveys of primary level teachers and elementary school principals to understand what principals need to know and be able to do to support teachers in their instruction of reading for English Language Learners (ELLs). A review of five areas of literature provided a theoretical foundation for this study. Twenty-six primary level teachers and four elementary school principals, from eight Massachusetts schools, participated in separate, three-part online questionnaires. Participants answered questions about licensure, experience, and professional development focused on teaching English Language Learners. In addition, participants responded to questions about their perceptions of (1 ...


Diverse 3rd Grade Non-School Activity Participation Associations With Social Competence And Reading Performance, Robert H. Mahone Jan 2011

Diverse 3rd Grade Non-School Activity Participation Associations With Social Competence And Reading Performance, Robert H. Mahone

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019

This study examined indicators of 3rd Grade students’ non-school activity participation (NSAP) for associations with measures of social competence and reading performance. The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K), representative of a 1999 kindergarten cohort of more than 14,000 students was used. The study constructed social competence composites from responses provided by students, parents and teachers. Principal component analysis and iterative bivariate correlations were utilized to derive the most robust composite for use in tests of the main hypotheses of the study. Results confirmed prior research findings that social competence has strong positive associations with academic performance. Thereafter, the social ...


Differentiated Reading In Primary Grades, Cara Cathleen Axe Jun 2010

Differentiated Reading In Primary Grades, Cara Cathleen Axe

All Graduate Projects

The purpose of this project is to help teachers integrate reading differentiation into the classroom and thus help students with their varied needs in learning to read. Differentiation of instruction is valuable in all areas, particularly in teaching reading. This project emphasizes that it is essential that teachers make reading skills and content accessible to all students. My purpose is to show the importance of differentiated reading instruction and to provide information and resources for teachers and parents.


A Comparison Of Students In Single-Sex Classes And Coeducational Classes In High Poverty Elementary Schools In Mathematics And Reading Achievement, Ashley Elizabeth Aldridge Aug 2009

A Comparison Of Students In Single-Sex Classes And Coeducational Classes In High Poverty Elementary Schools In Mathematics And Reading Achievement, Ashley Elizabeth Aldridge

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether any statistically significant differences in mathematics and reading academic achievement and academic gains of male and female students taught in single-sex classes existed when compared to male and female students taught in coeducational classes. This study reported findings from mathematics and reading achievement scores and academic gain scores from 850 fourth and fifth grade participants enrolled in seven high poverty public elementary schools during the 2007-2008 school term. The experimental group consisted of 347 students taught in single-sex classes. The control group contained 503 students who were taught in coeducational classrooms ...


Shared Reading Lessons For Fourth, Fifth, And Sixth Grade English Language Learners, Erin Marie Goin Jul 2009

Shared Reading Lessons For Fourth, Fifth, And Sixth Grade English Language Learners, Erin Marie Goin

All Graduate Projects

This project explains what shared reading is and how it fits into balanced literacy. It explores the benefits of shared reading for English language learners and things the teacher should consider when teaching them. The project includes a collection of shared reading lesson plans for teachers of fourth, fifth and sixth grade ELL students. It explains what shared reading is, materials needed, possible texts, and skills and strategies that can be taught in a lesson. This guide is intended to help teachers of fourth, fifth and sixth grade ELL students teach shared reading lessons in their classrooms.


Using Music With Read-Alouds, Michael James Bento May 2009

Using Music With Read-Alouds, Michael James Bento

All Graduate Projects

The primary purpose of this project is to explore and expand the connection between music and picture book read-alouds. The literature review looks at the established educational value of the read-aloud as well as the use of music and how it has been used to help teach reading. Also, literature looking at student music preferences and the use of music as a tool for increasing intelligence is reviewed. Additionally, critical thinking skills and the subject specific area of music listening is examined. The process of the picture book selection and recorded music selection is explained and the project suggests music ...


Enumclaw School District Summer Reading Program, Lea Kai Tiger Feb 2009

Enumclaw School District Summer Reading Program, Lea Kai Tiger

All Graduate Projects

The aim of this project is to improve the elementary summer school program currently offered by the Enumclaw School District by developing a reading program to be used by the summer school instructors. Instruction outside of the school day, characteristics of successful extracurricular programs, why reading needs to be the focus of the summer school program, and what to teach and how to teach reading were researched. Taking the information found after studying the aforementioned topics, a program to be used for the Enumclaw School District summer school was developed. The program consists of lessons, games, and strategies that can ...


After-School Programs And Reading Achievement, Jamie M. Mack Dec 2008

After-School Programs And Reading Achievement, Jamie M. Mack

All Graduate Projects

The relationship between participating in an after-school program and accelerating reading levels was studied. Seventy-three fifth-grade students were pre- and posttested using the Gates-MacGinitie Reading Test to determine reading levels. Thirty-six of the 73 students participated in an on-going 21" Century Academic After-School Program. The other 37 did not. The results showed that there was no statistical difference between participating in an after-school program and accelerating reading levels. The study also broke down the data by gender. These results showed that there was no statistical difference between males who participated and males who did not; however, there was a significant ...


Using A Balanced Reading And Spelling Approach To Enhance The “Spell To Write To Read” Program For Preschool To Fifth Grade, Dawn A. Heer May 2008

Using A Balanced Reading And Spelling Approach To Enhance The “Spell To Write To Read” Program For Preschool To Fifth Grade, Dawn A. Heer

All Graduate Projects

Reading is the foundation of much that society aspires to, even now in the age of technology. The teacher plays a key role in facilitating the learning of reading in an elementary school. By using a balanced reading approach through the use of spelling, phonics, writing and language, teachers will be able to apply user-friendly principles of reading with the curriculum, Spell to Write to Read. A handbook will be used to present this information during a workshop for teachers and para-professionals of preschool to fifth grade students.


The Influence Of Kindergarten And First-Grade Literacy Instruction On The 3rd- And 5th-Grade Students' Reading Achievement : Findings From The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class, 1998-1999, Shu Yu Sophia Huang Jan 2008

The Influence Of Kindergarten And First-Grade Literacy Instruction On The 3rd- And 5th-Grade Students' Reading Achievement : Findings From The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class, 1998-1999, Shu Yu Sophia Huang

Doctoral Dissertations

unavailable


Motivating Readers Through Policies And Classroom Practices, Christi Lynn Worthington Jan 2007

Motivating Readers Through Policies And Classroom Practices, Christi Lynn Worthington

Theses Digitization Project

The purpose of this project examined the role of motivation on literacy, through a specific method of teaching called Concept Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI). The CORI program is designed to encourage reading motivation and comprehension through thematic teaching strategies designed around science concepts.


Increasing Fluency In Struggling Readers Through Newspaper Reading, Kimberly Bonice Koch Jan 2007

Increasing Fluency In Struggling Readers Through Newspaper Reading, Kimberly Bonice Koch

Theses Digitization Project

The focus on this study was on improving the oral reading fluency of third grade students who struggle in reading. One third grade teacher and six of her students participated in this 4 week study that examined the effect on fluency of newspaper reading and various constructive reading and engagement activites. These six students were assigned to an Optimal Learning Model pull-out fluency instruction using the newspaper as text. Results from the Developmental Reading Assessment instrument reveal significantly improved effects in the number if miscues, correct words per minute, and prosody for the six students. From the results, it is ...


The Use Of Reciprocal Teaching As A Mediational Tool To Enhance Reading Comprehension, Luz Elena Nguyen Jan 2007

The Use Of Reciprocal Teaching As A Mediational Tool To Enhance Reading Comprehension, Luz Elena Nguyen

Theses Digitization Project

The purpose of this project was to study how Reciprocal Teaching can best serve students in a third grade classroom for reading comprehension. A curriculum was developed to help the classroom teacher find a better way to teach reading comprehension using four important reading strategies: predicting, summarzing, clarifying and questioning. Several mediated tools were developed to enhance reading comprehension with clear explanations on how to implement Reciprocal Teaching with the current curriculum and California Standards on comprehension.


Creating A School Based Family Literacy Institute, Teresa Ann Cimino Jan 2007

Creating A School Based Family Literacy Institute, Teresa Ann Cimino

Theses Digitization Project

The purpose of this project is to assist parents, through the development of a school-based Family Literacy Institute, to learn to actively help their children when they read at home. The study will teach parents how to pick appropriate books for and with their children and use them as a read aloud. It is, also, to get parents involved with their children's literacy development and to support their educational experiences from elementary school through high school.


Using Guided Reading To Improve Reading Achievement, Julie W. Ross Jan 2007

Using Guided Reading To Improve Reading Achievement, Julie W. Ross

The Corinthian

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of guided reading on the reading achievement and growth of third grade students. The hypothesis was that students (n = 12) would achieve at greater levels with a guided reading curriculum than a control group using a traditional basal reading curriculum (n = 15). The instrument used to test achievement was the 2005 Georgia Criterion Referenced Competency Test (CRCT). The students' results were compared using the 2004 Georgia CRCT results as a pretest. The research showed that students who were taught reading using the guided reading format were more likely to show ...


Co-Teaching And Reciprocal Teaching For English-As-A-Foreign-Language Reading, Pei-Ying Chou Jan 2006

Co-Teaching And Reciprocal Teaching For English-As-A-Foreign-Language Reading, Pei-Ying Chou

Theses Digitization Project

The purpose of this project is to help promote elementary English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) students' reading comprehension. The project investigates the co-teaching model and its implementation in the Taiwanese English class. Curriculum and lesson plans are included.


Teaching Character Education In Primary Grades Using Multicultural Children's Story Books, Gilbert Mwangi Muraguri Jan 2006

Teaching Character Education In Primary Grades Using Multicultural Children's Story Books, Gilbert Mwangi Muraguri

Theses Digitization Project

The purpose of this curriculum project is to offer K-3 regular education and 4-8 Special Education teachers ideas and activities for integrating character education into their regular curriculum. The whole group activities, games, art ideas, and more will help the teacher teach character education in a fun way and help students learn how to be caring and productive citizens.


Increasing Comprehension Strategies Through Reciprocal Teaching, Kathlyn Garcia Benosa Jan 2006

Increasing Comprehension Strategies Through Reciprocal Teaching, Kathlyn Garcia Benosa

Theses Digitization Project

The purpose of the study was twofold. First, it describes two research-based instructional strategies that have been effective in increasing reading comprehension (reciprocal teaching and using readers' response journals). Second, a quasi-experimental research design was created to determine the educational impact of these two strategies on the reading comprehension levels of elementary-aged English Language Learners (ELLs). The data was collected from a low socioeconomic elementary school, specifically looking at a second grade classroom. The classroom demographic included eighteen students, ten of which were English Language Learners. Both informal and formal assessments were used to determine growth across time. The overall ...


Addressing Second And Third Grade California Science And Social Science Content Standards Through Environmental Literature, Denise Truex Hatfield Jan 2006

Addressing Second And Third Grade California Science And Social Science Content Standards Through Environmental Literature, Denise Truex Hatfield

Theses Digitization Project

In response to the federal legislation No Child Left Behind, schools across the country implemented required reading programs for classroom instruction. Open Court's Reading program meets this criterion for many schools. The text in Open Court Reading for grades two and three was evaluated for science and social science content standards that would be supportive of environmental education. Supplemental lessons from Project Learning Tree, Project WILD, and Project WET were identified.


Use Of Read Alouds To Increase Reading Comprehension, Heather Cynthia Williams Jan 2006

Use Of Read Alouds To Increase Reading Comprehension, Heather Cynthia Williams

Theses Digitization Project

There is a shift from learning to read towards reading to learn beginning in the fourth grade. This project focuses on the use of read alouds to teach concepts such as inference, generalization, and drawing conclusions to increase reading comprehension in fourth graders.


Effects Of On-Site Reading Clinical Tutoring On Children's Performance, Abha Gupta Sep 2004

Effects Of On-Site Reading Clinical Tutoring On Children's Performance, Abha Gupta

Teaching & Learning Faculty Publications

This research was conducted to study the effects of field-based clinical tutoring on struggling readers. Struggling readers from two grade levels, 3rd and 5th were randomly divided into two groups. One group received individualized tutoring in reading for a semester from apprentice reading clinicians (graduate students in Reading Program) and the other group did not. There were 13 sessions of one hour each per week. The reading performance of students in the two groups was compared on the two available measures in the school, (1) letter grade and (2) STAR results (a computerized diagnostic reading assessment program). Observational and anecdotal ...


The Effect Of Using A Read Aloud Nonfiction Picture Book To Strengthen Fifth Grade Students' Comprehension Of Science Content, Jana Robertson Hammond Jan 2004

The Effect Of Using A Read Aloud Nonfiction Picture Book To Strengthen Fifth Grade Students' Comprehension Of Science Content, Jana Robertson Hammond

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine whether a read- aloud nonfiction picture books would increase fifth grade students' science comprehension as measured by a criterion reference test.

Four questions guided the research in this study:

1. What are the benefits of reading aloud to fifth grade students?

2. According to the Fry Readability graph, what is the readability of the Harcourt textbook used in fifth grade and the readability of the nonfiction picture books chosen for this study?

3. Does the use of a read aloud nonfiction picture book increase fifth grade students' comprehension versus a round-robin instruction ...


A Process Of Using Mini-Shared And Guided Reading To Transition Fluent Readers In Spanish To English, Pedro Rosas Jan 2002

A Process Of Using Mini-Shared And Guided Reading To Transition Fluent Readers In Spanish To English, Pedro Rosas

Theses Digitization Project

A descriptive study was conducted using a modified approach to Guided Reading and Mini-Shared Reading to improve the reading comprehension levels of bilingual second graders in their second language, English.


Revitalization Not Retirement: A Case For Transformative Professional Development That Echoes The Voices Of Eight Veteran Literacy Teachers, Mary Ann Johnson Jan 2001

Revitalization Not Retirement: A Case For Transformative Professional Development That Echoes The Voices Of Eight Veteran Literacy Teachers, Mary Ann Johnson

Educational Studies Dissertations

Guided by the central question "How do professional development opportunities regarding the use of running records effect the thinking and practice of veteran teachers ?", this study investigated the way in which eight highly experienced literacy teachers learned to use formative assessment to guide instruction of a student at risk of failure in reading. From the most veteran teacher with thirty-three years to the "baby" with fifteen years of service to children, they represented a seasoned group of early childhood professionals willing to grapple with formative assessment, a concept for which all admitted they had been ill-prepared. Through this action research ...


Comprehending Through Metacognition: A Teacher Resource Guide For Grades Four Through High School, Peggy Sue Becker Jan 2000

Comprehending Through Metacognition: A Teacher Resource Guide For Grades Four Through High School, Peggy Sue Becker

Theses Digitization Project

The project section is divided into two parts. Part one contains lesson plans that focus on the process of comprehending and part two contains lesson plans that focus on the product of comprehension. Both parts provide the reader with valuable strategies that address the needs of struggline readers in reading comprehension.


Embellishing The Art Of Writing Instead Of Impairing It During First-Grade Studies, Maria Carmen Canelo Jan 2000

Embellishing The Art Of Writing Instead Of Impairing It During First-Grade Studies, Maria Carmen Canelo

Theses Digitization Project

No abstract provided.


Literacy Learning Centers In A Second Grade Classroom, Tammy Ann Hermann Jan 1998

Literacy Learning Centers In A Second Grade Classroom, Tammy Ann Hermann

Theses Digitization Project

No abstract provided.


Readers Theatre: Part Of The Elementary Reading Program, Caren Ann Toruño Jan 1998

Readers Theatre: Part Of The Elementary Reading Program, Caren Ann Toruño

Theses Digitization Project

No abstract provided.