Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

PDF

Academic performance

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 157

Full-Text Articles in Education

Make Changes Early! High Stress Levels Predict Lower Academic Performance In First-Year Physical Therapy Students: A Pilot Study, Daniel W. Flowers, Amanda Bernard Oct 2020

Make Changes Early! High Stress Levels Predict Lower Academic Performance In First-Year Physical Therapy Students: A Pilot Study, Daniel W. Flowers, Amanda Bernard

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Evidence exists in the literature that allows admissions committees to predict which students will be most successful in entry-level physical therapy educational programs. Evidence linking modifiable predictors of academic performance to currently enrolled students allowing enhancement of their performance during enrollment is lacking. Previous healthcare education literature indicates that stress has a negative predictive relationship with academic performance, and that stress is the highest in the beginning of an academic program. Research studies with medical students report exercise assists in minimizing stress and improving academic performance, while the role of leisure time has also been investigated. No study has ...


An Experimental Evaluation Of Arts Field Trips, Heidi H. Erickson, Angela R. Watson, Jay P. Greene Sep 2020

An Experimental Evaluation Of Arts Field Trips, Heidi H. Erickson, Angela R. Watson, Jay P. Greene

Education Reform Faculty and Graduate Students Publications

This paper presents results of a multi-visit, longitudinal experiment on the academic and social-emotional effects of arts-based field trips. We randomly assign fourth and fifth grade students to receive arts-based field trips throughout the school year or to serve as a control. Treatment students express greater tolerance for people with different opinions and a desire to consume arts. Additionally, treatment students have fewer behavioral infractions, attend school more frequently, score higher on their end-of-grade exams, and receive higher course grades. Effects are strongest when students enter middle school. We find no effect on students’ desire to participate in the arts ...


Physical Activity To Help Students Perform Better In The Classroom, David Rubis Jul 2020

Physical Activity To Help Students Perform Better In The Classroom, David Rubis

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

This literature review evaluates how physical activity can improve student academic performance. Articles from the last decade provide strong evidence students, given access to physical activity, show improved academic performance. Physical activity improves the brain's functioning and different kinds of physical activity impact cognitive performance. Researchers acknowledged a strong correlation between physical activity and the development of overall wellness and academic confidence. Research also shows students with learning and cognitive disabilities benefit academically and behaviorally from physical activity. Physical activity is an essential element of the development of children and adolescents.


Learning Strategies And Academic Difficulty In Physical And Occupational Therapy Online Education, Evan M. Pucillo, Erica J. Kiernan Feb 2020

Learning Strategies And Academic Difficulty In Physical And Occupational Therapy Online Education, Evan M. Pucillo, Erica J. Kiernan

SOAR@USA Physical Therapy Collection

The purpose of this study was to explore the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI) in relation to hybrid-online clinical neuroscience course outcomes in occupational therapy (OT) and physical therapy (PT) students. OT and PT students self-administered the LASSI during the Spring of 2019. N=34 students (14 OT; 20 PT) completed the LASSI. The scales of Information Processing (r = -0.43; p


A Meta-Analysis On Non-Cognitive Predictors Of College Student Academic Performance, Maggie Allphin Jan 2020

A Meta-Analysis On Non-Cognitive Predictors Of College Student Academic Performance, Maggie Allphin

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

There are many factors that affect student success, often measured with academic performance. Research has shown that students attribute stress as a major factor that affects their academic performance (Frazier et al., 2018). This suggests that the ability to cope with stress can improve academic performance. Studies have shown that higher emotional intelligence is linked to higher ability to cope with stress (Wang, Xie, and Cui, 2016). In this meta-analysis, I looked into the relationship across multiple studies between emotional intelligence, grade point average, and other non-cognitive predictors. For the first meta-analysis, seven records relating emotional intelligence to academic performance ...


Associations Between Occupational Therapy Students’ Approaches To Studying And Their Academic Grade Results: A Cross-Sectional And Cross-Cultural Study, Tore Bonsaksen, Ted Brown, Hua B. Lim, Kenneth Fong, Milada C. Småstuen Jan 2020

Associations Between Occupational Therapy Students’ Approaches To Studying And Their Academic Grade Results: A Cross-Sectional And Cross-Cultural Study, Tore Bonsaksen, Ted Brown, Hua B. Lim, Kenneth Fong, Milada C. Småstuen

Journal of Occupational Therapy Education

Students’ approaches to studying are generally viewed as essential for their learning outcomes and are often described as being either deep, strategic or surface. However, research on associations between study approaches and academic outcomes among occupational therapy students are rare, as are studies that include cross-cultural comparisons. The objective of this study was to assess the degree to which the deep, strategic, and surface approaches to studying were associated with occupational therapy students’ grade point average, in the total sample and when stratified by country, while controlling for age, gender and time spent on independent study. Seven hundred and twelve ...


Learning Strategies And Academic Difficulty In Occupational And Physical Therapy Online Education, Evan M. Pucillo, Erica Kiernan, Mary P. Shotwell, Jackie Crossen-Sills Jan 2020

Learning Strategies And Academic Difficulty In Occupational And Physical Therapy Online Education, Evan M. Pucillo, Erica Kiernan, Mary P. Shotwell, Jackie Crossen-Sills

Journal of Occupational Therapy Education

As occupational therapy (OT) and physical therapy (PT) programs expand across the United States to address a shortage in the health workforce there is a limited understanding of the relationship between learning strategies and academic success in these professions. The purpose of this study was to explore the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI) in relation to hybrid-online clinical neuroscience course outcomes in OT and PT students. Thirty-four students (n=14 OT; n=20 PT) self-administered the LASSI during the spring of 2019. The scales of Information Processing (r = -0.43; p<0.01), Self-Testing (r = -0.36; p<0.05), and Test Strategies (r = 0.32; p<0.05) displayed modest statistically significant relationships to final neuroscience grade and cumulative professional grade point average (r = -0.43; p<0.01), (r = -0.30; p<0.05), (r = 0.29; p<0.05), respectively. Some scales of the LASSI appeared to be modestly related to academic difficulty in this sample, however scales were not significantly related to academic achievement. Students who scored highly on the LASSI scale of Test Strategies tended to have higher course performance compared to their peers. Students who rely on certain learning strategies may be at risk for academic difficulty in hybrid-online coursework. Those who scored highly on the LASSI scales of Information Processing and Self-testing tended to have lower course performance compared to their peers. The LASSI may provide OT and PT students a better understanding of learning and study strategies that are related to academic difficulty in online learning.


Year Two: Effect Of Procrastination On Academic Performance Of Undergraduate Online Students, Irma S. Jones, Dianna Blankenship Jan 2020

Year Two: Effect Of Procrastination On Academic Performance Of Undergraduate Online Students, Irma S. Jones, Dianna Blankenship

Teaching and Learning Faculty Publications and Presentations

Procrastination presents problems not only for undergraduate students, but also for undergraduate faculty, and the effects of student procrastination on academic performance is a joint concern. This two-year follow up study seeks to better understand the relationship between academic performance and the actual time of submission of assignments relative to the deadline imposed on those submissions. The authors investigated the effect of academic assignment submission time and the academic grades earned before, on, and after the assignment submission deadline. These results continue to suggest that the earlier assignments are submitted, the higher the grades tend to be. Therefore, online faculty ...


Impact Of The West Virginia University Mountaineer Success Academy Program From 2012-2015, Ashley D. Watts Jan 2020

Impact Of The West Virginia University Mountaineer Success Academy Program From 2012-2015, Ashley D. Watts

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

As state funding for universities decline and funding becomes based more on outcomes like retention and graduation rates, universities must focus their efforts on assessment and delve deeper into uncovering issues that prevent students from graduating. Once issues are identified, it is in the best interest of the university to develop, implement, and assess support services that may provide students with resources that could lead to their success, thus improving graduation rates. At West Virginia University, the Mountaineer Success Academy (MSA) was created to serve eligible students who were undecided or did not meet the requirements for their desired major ...


Perceptions Of Educators Teaching Inclusion Classes In An Urban Secondary Environment, Nicole Bellomo Dec 2019

Perceptions Of Educators Teaching Inclusion Classes In An Urban Secondary Environment, Nicole Bellomo

CUP Ed.D. Dissertations

School systems across the United States have integrated students with disabilities into the general education classroom creating an inclusive environment where general and special education students can learn side by side. Within the inclusion classroom, general education and special education teachers collaborate to design and implement instruction for all student learners. Therefore, it is critical to understand the attitudes of general and special education teachers and reveal the factors that influence the beliefs they hold regarding the inclusion classroom. The beliefs held by inclusion teachers are a crucial factor to the success of students with disabilities in the inclusion setting ...


A Case Study On The Differences In Scores Of Undergraduate Students In Traditional, Online, And Hybrid Classes, Patricia Ruth Kuhn Dec 2019

A Case Study On The Differences In Scores Of Undergraduate Students In Traditional, Online, And Hybrid Classes, Patricia Ruth Kuhn

Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this research was to ascertain whether there are variances in academic performance between students taking an educational technology course in traditional, online, and hybrid learning environments. As a secondary goal, the study assessed the differences in academic performance of male and female students in these classes.

All students in this study held an undergraduate status of junior or above. They had earned a minimum of 45 hours and had a minimum 2.75 overall GPA. These students also passed the certification test for state educators and had been accepted as teacher candidates of the College of ...


Growth Mindset In Physical Education, Kyle Herber Oct 2019

Growth Mindset In Physical Education, Kyle Herber

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

Growth mindset continues to be a popular topic of conversation in the field of education. The purpose of this study was to observe and analyze the impact growth mindset intervention can have on student’s performance as well as their self-efficacy in physical education. This study took place in an elementary school in the northwest suburbs of Minneapolis, using four different 4th grade classes. For this study, the author collected data in the form of pre- and post- Likert scale surveys as well as pre- and post- presidential fitness tests. Classes were randomly selected to receive growth mindset intervention ...


Mindfulness-Based Interventions: The Implications For Stress Management And Academic Performance In Undergraduate Students, Kathryn Johnson Oct 2019

Mindfulness-Based Interventions: The Implications For Stress Management And Academic Performance In Undergraduate Students, Kathryn Johnson

School of Education Student Capstone Projects

Johnson, K. Mindfulness-Based Interventions: The Implications for Stress Management and Academic Performance in Undergraduate Students (2019). Mindfulness activities and programs are becoming increasingly popular in post-secondary settings. At the same time, stress and mental health of students is an increasing concern at institutions of higher learning. This capstone sought to answer the research question: how do mindfulness-based intervention programs impact students’ stress management and academic performance? The culminating project is a website that provides an overview for post-secondary educators interested in implementing a mindfulness program with undergraduate students. The website includes information on mindfulness programs, ways of implementing a mindfulness ...


Strengthening Wellness For Food Insecure Students: Altruism, Spirituality, And Academic Performance, Bridget Weikel Oct 2019

Strengthening Wellness For Food Insecure Students: Altruism, Spirituality, And Academic Performance, Bridget Weikel

Educational Foundations & Leadership Theses & Dissertations

Strengthening Wellness for Food Insecure Students; Altruism, Spirituality and Academic Performance is a quantitative methods study using a mediated analysis with structural equation modeling to test the extent to which wellness dimensions mediate the relationship between food insecurity and student grade point average. Student food insecurity is a growing concern at higher education institutions across the United States (Cady, 2014; Goldrick-Rab & Cook, 2011; Maroto, Snelling & Linck, 2015) with food insecurity rates ranging from 14% to 59% in recent studies (Freudenberg, Manzo, Jones, Kwan, Tsui & Gagnon, 2011; Patton-Lopez, Lopez-Cevallos, Cancel-Tirado & Vazquez, 2014). This phenomenon on college campuses is also reporting negative impacts on students’ wellness (El Zein, 2017a; Gallegos, Ramsey & Ong, 2014) and academic performance (El Zein, 2017a; Maroto, Snelling & Linck, 2015). While higher education institutions have begun to address this concern with food pantries and social services, the purpose of this study is to examine the role of student ...


The Effect Of Participation In A Title V Program On Latinx Student Success At A Community College, Sara N. Lacagnino May 2019

The Effect Of Participation In A Title V Program On Latinx Student Success At A Community College, Sara N. Lacagnino

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Historically, the low degree attainment of Latinx students has been an issue of concern. The Title V Developing Hispanic-Serving Institutions Program was implemented to address this issue. This quantitative study examines the effect of participation in a Title V program’s accelerated developmental English and English as a Second Languages paths on Latinx student success measured by academic performance, persistence and fall to fall retention at a comprehensive community college. By applying propensity score matching and the conceptual model in this study, the effect of participation in the Title V program on Latinx student success was measured without the influence ...


Growth Mindset In A Fourth-Grade Class, Sierra Bennett May 2019

Growth Mindset In A Fourth-Grade Class, Sierra Bennett

Masters of Education in Teaching and Learning

In this study the researcher examined growth mindset teaching and its effect on student performance as well as students’ perceptions of their math self-efficacy. The author was a preservice teacher completing her clinical teaching internship in a fourth-grade math and science departmentalized setting. The goal of the study was to implement growth mindset instruction and study its effects on student performance and self efficacy in the subject of mathematics. For this study, the author collected data in the form of pre- and post-surveys, student interviews, and pre- and post-math tests. The students engaged in growth mindset mini lessons throughout the ...


Benefits Of Integrating Physical Activities Into The Elementary Classroom, Maritza Juliet Ruelas May 2019

Benefits Of Integrating Physical Activities Into The Elementary Classroom, Maritza Juliet Ruelas

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

There have been significant studies stating that physical activities have been eliminated for elementary school students. Today students are expected to attend school for approximately eight hours, five days out of the week. This senior capstone paper examines the many benefits of integrating physical activities into the elementary classroom through the use of literature review, anonymous-survey of twenty two students, and anonymous-survey of four teachers. This means that kinesthetic learning style has been limited for students at the elementary school level. The results indicate that integrating physical activities into the elementary classroom is proven to be beneficial to the overall ...


The Effect Of Increased Physical Activity On Academic Performance, Lauren Michelle Willis Jan 2019

The Effect Of Increased Physical Activity On Academic Performance, Lauren Michelle Willis

Theses and Dissertations--Education Science

Increased levels of obesity, particularly among American youth, have consistently been cause for concern over the last few decades. Additionally, the amount of time youth spend being active throughout the day has consistently decreased. Physical activity levels among school-aged children in America are effected by any number of reasons, but this study points to the possibility of time spent being physically active during the school day having the greatest effect on a student’s overall level of physical activity. Increased pressures from different entities on local schools to improve student performance on standardized test scores have contributed to a decline ...


Examining The Effects Of Energy Drinks On Academic Performance, Alyssa P. Roberson Jan 2019

Examining The Effects Of Energy Drinks On Academic Performance, Alyssa P. Roberson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Reports of energy drink (ED) consumption have grown among the United States population. Research suggests reasons for consumption vary across populations, including increased attention and enhanced endurance performance. However, ED consumers could suffer from negative effects of ED, including health problems, caffeine overdose, and death. Energy drink consumption is also linked to substance use. Despite risks of consuming ED, heavy use of EDs remains among college students, often to help with academic performance; however, research has not examined effects of ED consumption on perceived and actual academic performance. This study evaluated relationships among ED consumption, self-efficacy, and academic performance in ...


The Effect Of Competency-Based Education On Medical And Nursing Students' Academic Performance, Technical Skill Development, And Overall Satisfaction And Preparedness For Future Practice: An Integrative Literature Review, Haris Saud, Ruth Chen Dec 2018

The Effect Of Competency-Based Education On Medical And Nursing Students' Academic Performance, Technical Skill Development, And Overall Satisfaction And Preparedness For Future Practice: An Integrative Literature Review, Haris Saud, Ruth Chen

International Journal of Health Sciences Education

Purpose: This article provides an integrative review of competency-based education (CBE) in medical and nursing programs and examines the effect of CBE on students’ academic performance, technical skill development, and overall satisfaction and preparedness for future practice.

Background: In recent decades, CBE has increasingly been discussed in medical and nursing education programs. The impact of the CBE curriculum on learning outcomes including academic performance, technical skill development, overall satisfaction, and preparedness for future practice has not been fully elucidated.

Method: A review of the literature was conducted, and multiple databases were searched for studies that analyzed the impact of CBE ...


Sport Participation And Academic Achievement In High School Athletes, Meg Stucko Dec 2018

Sport Participation And Academic Achievement In High School Athletes, Meg Stucko

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to identify sport participation as a motivational influence and driving factor behind the increased academic success in high school student-athletes. An extensive examination of literature was conducted in order to review and research the effects on academic achievement in high school students, in relation to their participation status on a school-organized sports team. Higher grade point averages (GPA), graduation rates, ACT scores, along with lower dropout rates are all prominent among student-athletes as well (Lumpkin & Favor, 2012). There are many positive benefits that come along with sport participation, yet some feel it has the ...


An Experimental Study On The Effects Of A Gamified Software Intervention In Mathematics Achievement Among Sixth Grade Students, Janice Watson Sep 2018

An Experimental Study On The Effects Of A Gamified Software Intervention In Mathematics Achievement Among Sixth Grade Students, Janice Watson

Theses and Dissertations

An Experimental Study on the Effects of a Gamified Software Intervention on Mathematics Achievement Among Sixth Grade Students. Janice Watson-Huggins, 2018: Applied Dissertation, Nova Southeastern University, Abraham S. Fischler College of Education. Keywords: Gamification: intrinsic motivation: extrinsic motivation: academic performance: mathematics: test scores: Edufocal©.

Children have been playing computer games for many years. Today's children are very technologically savvy compared to 10 years ago. However, no concrete research was done in the Caribbean and in Jamaica to be specific, that investigates the impact of gamification on student academic scores and motivation. Gamification is used to describe the use of ...


Temperaments And Learning Styles Vs. Academic Performance Of First-Semester Physics Students, Shel Randall Jul 2018

Temperaments And Learning Styles Vs. Academic Performance Of First-Semester Physics Students, Shel Randall

Shel Randall

Purpose: The purpose of this retrospective quantitative correlational study was to determine the relationship of student temperament (as measured by the online Jung Typology Test) and learning styles (as measured by the Felder-Soloman Index of Learning Styles) to academic performance of first-semester physics students while enrolled in a Sierra Community College Physics Department course during the 2014 – 2016 school years
Methodology: This is a retrospective quantitative correlational study of the relationship between student personality information self-reported by survey and student performance as measured by semester grades. The historical survey data consists of results from two online assessments: the JTT (measuring ...


Developing A Centralized Tutoring System: A Comprehensive Resource Available For Students, Catherine Johnson Apr 2018

Developing A Centralized Tutoring System: A Comprehensive Resource Available For Students, Catherine Johnson

Higher Education Student Work

Peer tutoring at colleges and universities has become an essential resource in helping to enhance undergraduate students’ academic performance and persistence (Arco-Tirado, Fernández-Martin, & Fernández-Balboa, 2011), institutional retention rates (Grillo & Leist, 2013), and the academic abilities of students with learning disabilities (Troiano, Liefeld, & Trachtenberg, 2010). The Tutoring Center at Merrimack College, designed for this project, will house all peer tutors specializing in a variety of subjects, including, but not limited to: business, engineering, foreign languages, computer science, biology, and chemistry. According to Vygtosky’s (1978) learning theory, students learn most effectively and more thoroughly when working with more knowledgeable and skillful ...


Dental Students' Skills Assessments: Comparisons Of Daily Clinical Grades And Clinical And Laboratory Assessments, Elizangela Bertoli, Kristy Pepper Lawson, Susan S. Bishop Apr 2018

Dental Students' Skills Assessments: Comparisons Of Daily Clinical Grades And Clinical And Laboratory Assessments, Elizangela Bertoli, Kristy Pepper Lawson, Susan S. Bishop

Oral Health Practice Faculty Publications

The aim of this study was to compare the daily clinical grades of third-year dental students during routine clinical activities involving direct and indirect operative procedures to clinical and laboratory assessments. The authors compared students’ daily clinical grades to graded clinical assessments and compared daily clinical grades to laboratory assessments at one U.S. dental school. A total of 50 third-year students (participation rate: 98%) participated in this study during the school year of 2014–15. The study analyzed the students’ daily clinical grades and graded assessments during regular clinical activities and two laboratory examinations. The results found no statistically ...


Cognitive And Academic Effects Of Aversive Stress On Latinx And European American Elementary Students, Annalise M. Manns Mar 2018

Cognitive And Academic Effects Of Aversive Stress On Latinx And European American Elementary Students, Annalise M. Manns

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

This study sought to examine the relationship between perceived stress, social-emotional functioning, cognitive functioning, and statewide academic testing in both European American and Latinx students in third grade classes in two schools in rural Oregon. A total of 47 third grade students participated in the study, including 31 European American students and 13 Latinx students. A non-verbal measure of cognitive ability (The Wechsler Nonverbal Scale of intelligence) was administered individually to each of the 47 students. Additionally, a rating scale of social emotional intelligence (Social Emotional Assets and Resilience Scales Short Form for child and Teacher) was self-reported (SEARS-C) and ...


Socio-Ecological Moderating Factors In The Grit-Academic Achievement Relationship, Keeshawna Brooks Jan 2018

Socio-Ecological Moderating Factors In The Grit-Academic Achievement Relationship, Keeshawna Brooks

Dissertations

There has been a recent focus in research on a concept that centers on an individual’s ability to be persistent in the pursuit of their goals. This concept, referred to as grit, is an addition to the conversation about noncognitive measures that show promise to positively affect student academic performance. However, with the salient focus on the individual qualities that contribute to student success, it is important to avoid looking at these student qualities in isolation from the socio-ecological milieu (Ysseldyke, Lekwa, Klingbeil, & Cormier, 2012). Situating individual student qualities within Bronfenbrenner’s socio-ecological framework can be particularly helpful when ...


Regular Physical Activity And Educational Outcomes In Youth: A Longitudinal Study [Accepted Manuscript], Katherine B. Owen, Philip D. Parker, Thomas Astell-Burt, Chris Lonsdale Jan 2018

Regular Physical Activity And Educational Outcomes In Youth: A Longitudinal Study [Accepted Manuscript], Katherine B. Owen, Philip D. Parker, Thomas Astell-Burt, Chris Lonsdale

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Purpose: The objectives of this study were to determine whether longitudinal changes in accelerometer-assessed moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were associated with changes in educational outcomes (i.e., academic performance and mathematics engagement) and to examine whether the association was nonlinear. Methods: Longitudinal data were collected from 2,194 Australian adolescents (mean age = 13.40 years, standard deviation = .73) at two time points (Term 1, 2014, and Term 2, 2015). To measure the total MVPA, the adolescents wore an accelerometer for seven consecutive days. The participants responded to a questionnaire to measure mathematics engagement and completed a nationally administered numeracy test ...


Effect Of Eustress, Flow, And Test Anxiety On Physical Therapy Psychomotor Practical Examinations, Todd Joseph Bourgeois Jan 2018

Effect Of Eustress, Flow, And Test Anxiety On Physical Therapy Psychomotor Practical Examinations, Todd Joseph Bourgeois

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Students at the graduate level undergo higher levels of stress compared to their peers, and this stress is known to affect academic performance. Most of the research is focused on the negative aspect of stress. Positive psychology aspects, such as eustress and flow, are related to success in some activities; however, it is unknown whether these correlate with academic performance. Several stress-related theories-Yerkes-Dodson curve, cybernetics, conservation of resources, and choking under pressure-guided this quantitative study of the effects of eustress, flow, and cognitive test anxiety (CTA) on a psychomotor practical examination for physical therapy students. A sample of 192 physical ...


Physical Activity Events For Children: Do The Benefits Justify Time Away From Academics?, Laura L. Wright Dec 2017

Physical Activity Events For Children: Do The Benefits Justify Time Away From Academics?, Laura L. Wright

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis project was to research the effect that physical activity events have on children’s academic achievement. A comprehensive literary search was completed to find studies that implemented recess, classroom based physical activity, physical education, extracurricular physical activity or sports into the lives of K-12 students. Fourteen academic research reports, journal articles and scholarly peer reviewed articles between the years of 2000-2016 were chosen for the review of literature.

The differences that exist between the forms of physical activity and their impact on academic performance were examined. A strong research base for physical activity improving children ...