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Full-Text Articles in Education

Limited By Design: Expanding The Boundaries Of Schooling Policies From Demanded Passivity To Transformative Practice, Carvalho-Pinto Dec 2018

Limited By Design: Expanding The Boundaries Of Schooling Policies From Demanded Passivity To Transformative Practice, Carvalho-Pinto

Master's Theses

Schooling is often imagined as the great equalizer and the primary venue towards personal and collective liberation. However, hegemonic ideals and practices have limited the ability for educators to craft and utilize policy in a way that best benefits their students. In this thesis, I utilize the state of Michigan’s Common Core curriculum to examine the limits beyond policy and practice. Specifically, I argue that the demands for student passivity and institutional measurable as signs of success, prohibit student growth. Throughout the document, I describe hope in the ability to instill a variety of transformative educational theories and practices ...


The Effect Of Item Stem And Response Option Length On The Item Analysis Outcomes Of A Career And Technical Education Multiple Choice Assessment, Tina M. Koepf Dec 2018

The Effect Of Item Stem And Response Option Length On The Item Analysis Outcomes Of A Career And Technical Education Multiple Choice Assessment, Tina M. Koepf

Dissertations

Critical decisions in Career and Technical Education (CTE) can be based on assessment outcomes, requiring an essential focus on continuous improvement initiatives to provide increased multiple choice (MC) assessment validity. Previous research has determined that the presence of flawed test items negatively impacts student success; therefore, an MC taxonomy has been established and used in the assessment industry. While rigorous and successful Career and Technical Education (CTE) programs that enroll high-level academic students exist, many CTE programs enroll students with a wide spectrum of academic ability. Because many CTE students often have inferior reading skills, it is necessary to take ...


Online Evaluation Training Program, Lori Wingate Sep 2018

Online Evaluation Training Program, Lori Wingate

Academic Leadership Academy

The Western Michigan University (WMU) Evaluation Center and Extended University Programs are developing an online professional development program in evaluation. The learner-centered program will include a mix of live and self-paced instruction, including webinars, videos, text, assessments, and practice exercises. The following qualities set this program apart from existing academic and ad hoc evaluation training programs:

Equity-informed: As a critical aspect of high-quality evaluation practice, the curriculum is infused with guidance on how to address equity throughout the evaluation process.

Practical: Instruction is connected to practical application so learners can use what they learn right away.

Accessible: Barriers to learning ...


Apology Not Accepted: The Impact Of Executive Rhetoric, Communication Strategies, Media Coverage And Time On Crisis Management And Public Perception During Major Oil Spills, Todd D. Harcek Apr 2018

Apology Not Accepted: The Impact Of Executive Rhetoric, Communication Strategies, Media Coverage And Time On Crisis Management And Public Perception During Major Oil Spills, Todd D. Harcek

Dissertations

This research builds upon the scholarship in crisis communication strategies and apologia employed by companies during a crisis. Within the expansive domain of crisis management, this work evaluates the media coverage and crisis communication strategies during three major oil spills: the Exxon Valdez, the American Trader, and the BP Gulf oil spill. The purpose of this study is to provide practitioners, researchers and others additional insight into the impact of media coverage on prior, current and future crises and how this coverage, coupled with the communication strategies of companies during a crisis, can influence public awareness or perception. Furthermore, this ...


Response Shift Bias: An Examination Of Measurement Invariance In Self-Reported Change, Katherine Nelson Daniels Apr 2018

Response Shift Bias: An Examination Of Measurement Invariance In Self-Reported Change, Katherine Nelson Daniels

Dissertations

Traditional pre-test (TpT)/post-test (PT) and retrospective pre-test (RpT)/post-test (PT) designs are used to collect data on self-reported measures to assess the magnitude of change that occurs from interventions. If measurement invariance does not exist across the measurement occasions within these research designs, it is inappropriate to compare mean group differences that result from the intervention and derive inferences about change. The theory of response-shift suggests a subject’s understanding of a subject matter at TpT may not be the same as their understanding of a subject matter at PT, and that as a result, the construct measured at ...


Integrating Formative And Summative: Assessment Approaches In Student Support Work, Ciji Heiser Mar 2018

Integrating Formative And Summative: Assessment Approaches In Student Support Work, Ciji Heiser

Assessment in Action Conference

This session will focus on how to integrate both formative and summative assessment approaches into programs and services provided for student support. We will discuss the assessment cycle including learning and operational outcomes, selecting and designing assessment tools (both formative and summative), collecting data, and analyzing data to make data-informed decisions.


Using Elearning For Assessment, Katrina Davidson, Alyssa Moon Mar 2018

Using Elearning For Assessment, Katrina Davidson, Alyssa Moon

Assessment in Action Conference

There are many ways to formatively and summatively assess learner knowledge using an online learning environment. This session will give an overview of these tools and examine use cases.


"What Is My Target?": Clarifying Student Learning Outcomes, Anthony Helms, David Paul Mar 2018

"What Is My Target?": Clarifying Student Learning Outcomes, Anthony Helms, David Paul

Assessment in Action Conference

This session will provide an overview of best practices in writing feasible and measurable learning and process outcomes, including hands-on time to work on your own outcomes.


Why Are We Doing This?, Linda Suskie Mar 2018

Why Are We Doing This?, Linda Suskie

Assessment in Action Conference

Many find assessment to be a pointless paper-pushing exercise. Done right, however, it is essential to helping students learn and succeed. This presentation will summarize research on strategies that help students learn and succeed and explain the role of assessment in those strategies.


2018 Western Michigan University Assessment In Action Conference, Office Of Assessment And Undergraduate Studies Mar 2018

2018 Western Michigan University Assessment In Action Conference, Office Of Assessment And Undergraduate Studies

Assessment in Action Conference

Included here is the schedule and session descriptions from the 9th Annual WMU Assessment in Action Conference held on March 16, 2018. The conference, sponsored by the Office of Assessment and Undergraduate Studies at Western Michigan University, is a one-day event where those new to outcomes assessment can come and learn fundamental knowledge about the field, but it is also a place where those who have worked as leaders in outcomes assessment can come and extend their knowledge and skills and network with colleagues. Conference offerings included learning opportunities on various assessment topics for both academic and student supports units.


Creating Great Learning Experiences That Help Students Learn And Succeed, Linda Suskie Mar 2018

Creating Great Learning Experiences That Help Students Learn And Succeed, Linda Suskie

Assessment in Action Conference

Great learning activities have three components that connect to each other: a clear purpose, clear guidelines for activities that engage students, and clear grading criteria. In this fast-paced workshop, we will work through all three.


Examination Of Student Outcomes In Hsv 3650: Information Literacy, Betty D. Dennis, Debra K. Lindstrom Mar 2018

Examination Of Student Outcomes In Hsv 3650: Information Literacy, Betty D. Dennis, Debra K. Lindstrom

Assessment Fellows Grant

Prior to 2014, faculty from the College of Health and Human Services (CHHS) had observed that students in upper-level health sciences courses did not have the Information literacy skills needed to succeed in upper level-courses and graduate school curricula. To remedy this, faculty from the University Libraries and CHHS developed and implemented a program that requires students to either (a) successfully pass an information literacy pre-assessment examination, or (b) enroll in a two-credit information literacy course (HSV 3650: Information Literacy in Health Sciences). The purpose of this study was to examine how effective HSV 3650 has been in teaching students ...


Does The Past Predict The Future? A Retrospective Statistical Analysis Of Lower Level Course Grades And Program Outcomes At Graduation, Peter A. Gustafson Mar 2018

Does The Past Predict The Future? A Retrospective Statistical Analysis Of Lower Level Course Grades And Program Outcomes At Graduation, Peter A. Gustafson

Assessment Fellows Grant

In this project, a retrospective statistical analysis was completed to try to establish the correlation between low-level engineering courses and several measures of student success at graduation. The intended outcomes of the study include a tool for prediction of GPA at graduation based on sophomore level courses. This tool will be useful for advising to identify at-risk students for early intervention and remediation. Furthermore, the tool will be useful for recruiting, as students who are likely to be successful in graduate programs can be identified and recruited early in their academic careers.


Measuring Intercultural Competency Of Wmu Study Abroad Students, Lee Penyak, Ryan Rounds Mar 2018

Measuring Intercultural Competency Of Wmu Study Abroad Students, Lee Penyak, Ryan Rounds

Assessment Fellows Grant

Using the Global Perspective Inventory (GPI), this project employs pre- and post-tests to measure the extent that study abroad programs influence the development of intercultural competency, if and how students move from monocultural to multicultural frames of mind, and the impact that international travel experiences have on fortifying the University’s third pillar of global engagement. This information will 1) be shared with current faculty directors to build intercultural learning objectives into program curriculum, 2) help WMU SA revise initial and final study abroad proposals by prospective faculty directors, and 3) be used to restructure pre-departure orientations provided by WMU ...


Assessing In-Course Projects And Students' Interest In Science, Heather Kasper, Mary Anne Sydlik, Susan R. Stapleton Mar 2018

Assessing In-Course Projects And Students' Interest In Science, Heather Kasper, Mary Anne Sydlik, Susan R. Stapleton

Assessment Fellows Grant

An important question in higher education is "How do we best support students so that they stay at Western Michigan and remain or become interested in careers in one of the sciences?” One way seems to be getting students interested in research, which can spark and maintain their continued interest in STEM fields. Traditional laboratory activities often involve repeating classical experiments to reproduce known results rather than engaging students in experiments with the possibility of true discovery. Instead, we need to actively engage students to interest them in STEM and to keep them in the field. Our project uses data ...


Balancing Efficacy And Effectiveness With Philosophy, History, And Theory-Building In Occupational Therapy Education Research, Barbara Hooper, Jyothi Gupta, Andrea Bilics, Steven D. Taff Jan 2018

Balancing Efficacy And Effectiveness With Philosophy, History, And Theory-Building In Occupational Therapy Education Research, Barbara Hooper, Jyothi Gupta, Andrea Bilics, Steven D. Taff

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

The preferred focus for education research in occupational therapy increasingly rests on studies that investigate efficacy and effectiveness in the teaching-learning context. While important, the almost exclusive promotion of outcomes-focused studies can come at the expense of other forms of inquiry, including philosophy, history, and theory-building. To fully inform education and enhance practice, outcomes-focused research needs the conceptual foundation provided by philosophical, historical, and theory-building studies. In this paper, the authors suggest that the research enterprise in occupational therapy education is in its infancy and, therefore, quite susceptible to shortcuts that head straight to outcomes. To address this issue, the ...


Communication Pedagogy And The Scholarship Of Teaching And Learning: A Natural Match And A Promising Future, Mary Ann Danielson Jan 2018

Communication Pedagogy And The Scholarship Of Teaching And Learning: A Natural Match And A Promising Future, Mary Ann Danielson

Journal of Communication Pedagogy

Engaging in principles of good Scholarship of Teaching and Learning practice elucidates communication pedagogy and offers communication scholars opportunities to contribute to both the Communication discipline and a(n) (inter)national body of scholarship. Felten (2013) identified five principles of good practice in SoTL: (a) inquiry focused on student learning; (b) grounded in context; (c) methodologically sound; (d) conducted in partnership with students; and (e) appropriately public.


Best Practices For Training New Communication Graduate Teaching Assistants, Melissa A. Broeckelman-Post, Kristina Ruiz-Mesa Jan 2018

Best Practices For Training New Communication Graduate Teaching Assistants, Melissa A. Broeckelman-Post, Kristina Ruiz-Mesa

Journal of Communication Pedagogy

Graduate Teaching Assistants (GTAs) are often the first college instructors who new students meet when they arrive for their first day of class, and as instructors and as students, GTAs are the future of the discipline. As such, GTAs need to receive comprehensive training in a variety of pedagogical, procedural, and professional areas to help graduate students continue to develop as instructors and, eventually, into full-time faculty. To assist basic course directors, department chairs, and faculty in creating and supporting a comprehensive and ongoing GTA training program, this article provides 10 best practices for training new GTAs who will be ...


Service-Learning As An Effective Pedagogical Approach For Communication Educators, Sara Chudnovsky Weintraub Jan 2018

Service-Learning As An Effective Pedagogical Approach For Communication Educators, Sara Chudnovsky Weintraub

Journal of Communication Pedagogy

Service-learning combines the learning goals of a course with service to the community. Through service-learning, students engage in action and reflect on their experiences in order to connect what they see and do in the community with what they are learning in their courses. Whether service-learning projects account for part of a course or an entire course is centered on service-learning, service-learning works because it connects theory with practice. Service-learning is an important pedagogy because it offers students a chance to do meaningful work that helps their community and teaches them the importance of civic engagement.


Relational Storytelling And Critical Reflections On Difference, Laura Russell Jan 2018

Relational Storytelling And Critical Reflections On Difference, Laura Russell

Journal of Communication Pedagogy

This essay explores unique practices for teaching relational ethics through storytelling. Drawing from my experiences teaching an advanced undergraduate Narrative Ethics seminar, I explain how my students responded to a storytelling unit through which they examined their values and storytelling ethics. I interweave observations from my teaching with insights gathered from my students’ in-class discussions and written reflections to demonstrate the pedagogical aims, outcomes, and challenges encountered when engaging this material. I focus particularly on offering suggestions for encouraging students to (a) embrace limits to their understandings of others and (b) recognize how listening for, and expressing, difference plays a ...


Taking Interest In Students’ Disinterest: Best Practices For Mitigating Amotivation In The Basic Course, Electra Gilchrist-Petty Jan 2018

Taking Interest In Students’ Disinterest: Best Practices For Mitigating Amotivation In The Basic Course, Electra Gilchrist-Petty

Journal of Communication Pedagogy

As a general education requirement, basic communication course instructors are afforded the unique opportunity to reach a variety of students. Because many students often are enrolled in the basic communication course out of necessity, student amotivation can transform what should be a dynamic and interactive classroom experience into a daunting challenge that stifles the pedagogical process. To assist in engaging students, 10 best practices for mitigating amotivation in the basic course are presented. By following these best practices, instructors can help cultivate a more engaged and interactive classroom experience for both themselves and their students.


The Evolution Of Communication Pedagogy, Jerry D. Feezel Jan 2018

The Evolution Of Communication Pedagogy, Jerry D. Feezel

Journal of Communication Pedagogy

This article is an overview of the major developments in the field of communication in education. From the history of the national association over 100 plus years, specific attention is paid to changes leading to the advent of this publication. Changes in nomenclature, conferences, publications, research, and educational trends are discussed. The essay is intended to provide a view of history as setting for inauguration of the Journal of Communication Pedagogy. It also is intended to invite and stimulate other scholars’ reflections on the nature and evolution of the field.


Creating A Speech Choir: The Bounty Of Authentic Audience Experience For Students, Susan Redding Emel Jan 2018

Creating A Speech Choir: The Bounty Of Authentic Audience Experience For Students, Susan Redding Emel

Journal of Communication Pedagogy

For most students at my university, classroom experience alone was the choice for formally developing speaking skills. My idea was to provide students with recurring authentic audience experience, attending to the audience dimension outlined by Derryberry (1989) as a critical requirement of public speaking pedagogy. Through research, a new idea was proposed: Create a Speech Choir, combining talents of the students in one performance. Though it has elements of forensics, reader’s theater, choral reading, public speaking and more, it is not identical to any of these. As the team evolved, more pedagogical elements were added including service learning, attention ...


Integrating Service-Learning In The Public Speaking Course, Elizabeth A. Munz, Roger D. Gatchet, Matthew R. Meier Jan 2018

Integrating Service-Learning In The Public Speaking Course, Elizabeth A. Munz, Roger D. Gatchet, Matthew R. Meier

Journal of Communication Pedagogy

This best-practices article endorses incorporating service-learning into the foundational public speaking course. The article explains connections between service-learning and the rhetorical tradition, highlights pedagogical approaches that would benefit from a service-learning component, and discusses the benefits of service-learning for community partners and students. The remainder of the article focuses on how to implement servicelearning in a public speaking course, including reflection and assessment recommendations.


Critical Communication Pedagogy In/About/Through The Communication Classroom, Kathryn B. Golsan, C. Kyle Rudick Jan 2018

Critical Communication Pedagogy In/About/Through The Communication Classroom, Kathryn B. Golsan, C. Kyle Rudick

Journal of Communication Pedagogy

Critical Communication Pedagogy (CCP) signals a critical approach to Communication and Instruction scholarship. Critical signals a recognition that social reality is inherently political and encourages individuals to work with/in communities to identify, intervene into, and change oppressive systems. Communication and Instruction scholarship refers to (a) research concerning how to teach communication principles, theories, or knowledge (i.e., Communication Pedagogy or Communication Education) and (b) research about communication as it manifests in or about all types of educational spaces (i.e., Instructional Communication). CCP is not guided by a single methodology; rather, it signifies both an intellectual tradition and an ...


Classroom Ideas For Promoting Social Justice: Encouraging Student Activism In Intercultural And Gender Communication Courses, Amy Aldridge Sanford Jan 2018

Classroom Ideas For Promoting Social Justice: Encouraging Student Activism In Intercultural And Gender Communication Courses, Amy Aldridge Sanford

Journal of Communication Pedagogy

Communication courses (e.g., intercultural communication and gender communication) dedicated to the promotion of social justice often result in students’ raised consciousness regarding privilege and the oppression of people who have been marginalized historically. Affected students, however, often are at a loss about what to do with the newly acquired knowledge; consequently, they may experience anger and frustration that causes them to feel overwhelmed and leaves them with a sense of hopelessness. This essay provides 10 suggestions to help communication pedagogues guide students from anger and hopelessness to action and empowerment. Tips offered center on classroom discourse, curriculum choices, and ...


Life Is A Lab: Developing A Communication Research Lab For Undergraduate And Graduate Education, Autumn P. Edwards, Chad Edwards, Patric R. Spence Jan 2018

Life Is A Lab: Developing A Communication Research Lab For Undergraduate And Graduate Education, Autumn P. Edwards, Chad Edwards, Patric R. Spence

Journal of Communication Pedagogy

Tips offered center on classroom discourse, curriculum choices, and potential assignments. In this article, we present tips for creating a thriving undergraduate and graduate communication research lab. Based on our experiences developing and co-directing the Communication and Social Robotics Labs (CSRLs), we offer 10 best practices for acquiring resources and recognition, building a strong lab community, and attaining faculty and student goals for scholarship and beyond. Our overarching approach is framed by Dewey’s (1916) pragmatist educational metaphysic, which stresses student- and subject-centered learning, enlarging experiences, and the co-construction of meaning and knowledge. Although our labs are focused on human-machine ...


Best Practices For Facilitating Communication-Centered Professional Development For Non-Communication Faculty, Stephanie Norander Jan 2018

Best Practices For Facilitating Communication-Centered Professional Development For Non-Communication Faculty, Stephanie Norander

Journal of Communication Pedagogy

Communication-across-the-curriculum (CxC) programs commonly support noncommunication faculty by crafting robust professional development learning experiences. This article presents 10 best practices for facilitating professional development designed to support the teaching and learning of communication competencies in non-communication disciplines. These practices draw on lessons learned from a successful professional development course facilitated by the CxC program at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. Grounded in a situated communication pedagogy framework, these best practices reflect a communicationcentered approach to professional development, thus extending scholarly discourse and practices surrounding CxC programs, communication pedagogy, and professional development of faculty.


Making A Difference: The Launch Of The Journal Of Communication Pedagogy, Scott A. Myers Jan 2018

Making A Difference: The Launch Of The Journal Of Communication Pedagogy, Scott A. Myers

Journal of Communication Pedagogy

Communication pedagogy is the systematic study, reflection, and identification of teaching practices across communication course curricula that results ultimately in effective classroom instruction, gains in student learning, and the establishment of a supportive learning environment. Systematic study focuses on the teaching, the assessment, or the scholarship of teaching and learning of a specific communication course, extra-curricular activity (e.g., forensics), or curriculum (e.g., internships, concentrations/areas of emphases, undergraduate programs). Reflection centers on a pedagogical problem or issue encountered by instructors when teaching a specific communication course. Best practices offer tips for teaching or assessing a specific communication course ...


Instructional Communication Scholarship: Complementing Communication Pedagogy, Alan K. Goodboy Jan 2018

Instructional Communication Scholarship: Complementing Communication Pedagogy, Alan K. Goodboy

Journal of Communication Pedagogy

Instructional communication and communication pedagogy are complementary areas of inquiry; that is, communication instructors will not be effective educators without strategically considering--for each course taught in a given semester--both pedagogical techniques (e.g., writing accurate course objectives; choosing or creating activities that align with the objectives; teaching communication skills using proven pedagogical strategies) and instructional communication practices (e.g., communicating with students clearly; confirming students; integrating appropriate humor). These disciplines offer micro (i.e., communication pedagogy) and macro (i.e., instructional communication) perspectives on teaching that both deserve close attention as instructors strive to be the best educators (and communicators ...