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2017

Education Publications

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Stem Identity Development For Latinas: The Role Of Self- And Outside Recognition, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kelly Cunningham, Alec Jordan Nov 2017

Stem Identity Development For Latinas: The Role Of Self- And Outside Recognition, Sarah L. Rodriguez, Kelly Cunningham, Alec Jordan

Education Publications

This qualitative, phenomenological research study explored how 17 Latina undergraduate science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) majors developed their STEM identities. The study focused on the role that self- and outside recognition as a STEM individual played in the process. Interviews revealed students’ self-recognition in many forms. Outside recognition came primarily from STEM peers, faculty members, and family members. Self- and outside recognition were often negotiated through the lens of intersectional identities held by the participants.


From Awareness To Action: Teacher Attitude And Implementation Of Lgbt-Inclusive Curriculum In The English Language Arts Classroom, Michelle L. Page Nov 2017

From Awareness To Action: Teacher Attitude And Implementation Of Lgbt-Inclusive Curriculum In The English Language Arts Classroom, Michelle L. Page

Education Publications

This survey research describes English language arts teachers’ comfort levels in integrating literature with lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) themes or characters into their curricula and classroom practices. Significant relationships were found between teachers’ age, comfort, awareness of resources, and implementation levels. Although younger teachers had higher comfort levels with LGBT texts, they displayed lower resource awareness levels and static implementation rates. In addition, comfort, awareness, and implementation of LGBT curriculum materials were also correlated with teacher location and with strength of religious belief, with rural teachers and strongly religious teachers displaying lower comfort and implementation levels. Availability of ...


Increasing “Object-Substitution” Symbolic Play In Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Gabrielle Lee, Hua Feng, Sheng Xu, Shao-Ju Jin Nov 2017

Increasing “Object-Substitution” Symbolic Play In Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Gabrielle Lee, Hua Feng, Sheng Xu, Shao-Ju Jin

Education Publications

Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may not develop symbolic play skills so such skills need to be taught specifically. We report an experiment regarding a procedure targeting “object-substitution” symbolic play skills. The “object-substitution” symbolic play behavior occurred when the child labeled a common object with the name of a substitute and used the object to perform a play action (e.g., As she put a bowl on her head, she called it a hat). A multiple probe across behaviors design was employed with five children (four boys and one girl, aged 3 to 6) with ASD. All children had ...


Using Intraverbal Prompts To Increase Divergent Intraverbal Responses By A Child With Autism, Gabrielle Lee, Wan-Chi Chou, Hua Feng Oct 2017

Using Intraverbal Prompts To Increase Divergent Intraverbal Responses By A Child With Autism, Gabrielle Lee, Wan-Chi Chou, Hua Feng

Education Publications

We examined the effectiveness of intraverbal prompts to increase the number of divergent responses to categorical questions comprised of compound stimuli (e.g., Name some red things) for a 6-year-old child with autism. The intraverbal prompts involved providing the function, feature, and class of the target responses. A multiple probe across behaviors design was used. Results indicated that the child’s total number of divergent responses was increased and maintained during two-week follow-up trials. Novel responses were observed across conditions.


Military-Connected Student Academic Success At 4-Year Institutions: A Multi-Institution Study, Denise N. Williams-Klotz, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Oct 2017

Military-Connected Student Academic Success At 4-Year Institutions: A Multi-Institution Study, Denise N. Williams-Klotz, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

We examined how the experiences—academic, financial, social, and personal—and relationship factors of military-connected students attending a 4-year institution are associated with their academic success. This multi-institution study highlights the demographic characteristics, experiences, and campus relationships that are associated with military-connected students’ GPA.


Learning From Within: A Longitudinal Case Study Of An Education Research Group, Brian A. Burt, Kathryn Lundgren, Joshua Schroetter Sep 2017

Learning From Within: A Longitudinal Case Study Of An Education Research Group, Brian A. Burt, Kathryn Lundgren, Joshua Schroetter

Education Publications

Purpose – Professionals in higher education are expected to be informed consumers of knowledge who seek out scholarship, critical evaluators of the applicability of extant knowledge, and contributors who build new knowledge for higher education practice. Despite the understood importance of developing research competencies, many have limited opportunities to develop these skills. This study aims to explore one way individuals develop research competencies: through participation in team-based research experiences. Design/methodology/approach – A longitudinal case study approach was used to investigate what participants in an education research group learn, and how their participation in the group changes the ways in which ...


On The Benefits Of Multimodal Annotations For Vocabulary Uptake From Reading, Frank Boers, Paul Warren, Gina Grimshaw, Anna Siyanova-Chanturia Aug 2017

On The Benefits Of Multimodal Annotations For Vocabulary Uptake From Reading, Frank Boers, Paul Warren, Gina Grimshaw, Anna Siyanova-Chanturia

Education Publications

Several research articles published in the realm of Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) have reported evidence of the benefits of multimodal annotations, i.e., the provision of pictorial as well as verbal clarifications, for vocabulary uptake from reading. Almost invariably, these publications account for the observed benefits with reference to Paivio’s Dual Coding Theory, suggesting it is the visual illustration of word meaning that enhances the quality of processing and hence makes new words more memorable. In this discussion article, we explore the possibility that it is not necessarily the multimodality per se that accounts for the reported benefits ...


Perception Of Current And Ideal Practices Related To Public Value In Extension, Laura H. Downey, Donna J. Peterson, Nancy K. Franz Aug 2017

Perception Of Current And Ideal Practices Related To Public Value In Extension, Laura H. Downey, Donna J. Peterson, Nancy K. Franz

Education Publications

Extension professionals are increasingly encouraged to engage in practices that can advance the public value movement. It is unclear, however, whether recommended practices related to public value are being adopted. In 2014, 235 Extension professionals at Mississippi State University responded to an organizational capacity survey that included questions on public value practices. Research described here explored discrepancies between current and ideal public value practices among Extension professionals. Paired-samples t-tests revealed statistically significant discrepancies between current and ideal public value practices. The findings can inform efforts by Extension professionals seeking to increase awareness and practices related to public value.


Examining Factors Related To Academic Success Of Military-Connected Students At Community Colleges, Denise N. Williams-Klotz, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Jul 2017

Examining Factors Related To Academic Success Of Military-Connected Students At Community Colleges, Denise N. Williams-Klotz, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

The number of military-connected students enrolling in community colleges has increased dramatically in the past decade, and this trend is expected to continue. This research focused on examining factors that contribute to the academic success of community college students. Specifically, the purpose of this quantitative study was to identify the demographic characteristics; campus relationships; and financial, academic and personal experiences that are associated with grade point average (GPA) and intent to return for military-connected students at seven community colleges. Identifying as a Student of Color (any race or ethnicity other than White) and experience meeting professors’ academic expectations were negatively ...


Effects Of Group Functional Behavior-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy For Obsessive-Compulsive Behavior In A Youth With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Nicole Neil, Tricia Vause, Heather Jaksic, Maurice Feldman Jul 2017

Effects Of Group Functional Behavior-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy For Obsessive-Compulsive Behavior In A Youth With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Nicole Neil, Tricia Vause, Heather Jaksic, Maurice Feldman

Education Publications

Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often present with comorbid Obsessive Compulsive Behaviors (OCBs), but little research exists on effective intervention for OCBs. Using a single-case experimental design, this study highlights the efficacy of a Group Functional Behavior-Based Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (Fb-CBT) to reduce OCBs in an 11-year-old youth. Tailored for individuals with ASD, Fb-CBT included traditional CBT components (e.g., psychoeducation, cognitive-behavioral skills training, and exposure and response prevention), functional behavior assessment and intervention, and a group parent-training component. Time-series parent report data and standardized OCB measures showed clinically significant decreases in OCBs, increase in psychosocial functioning, and high consumer ...


Does Adding Pictures To Glosses Enhance Vocabulary Uptake From Reading?, Frank Boers, Paul Warren, Lin He, Julie Deconinck Jun 2017

Does Adding Pictures To Glosses Enhance Vocabulary Uptake From Reading?, Frank Boers, Paul Warren, Lin He, Julie Deconinck

Education Publications

This article reports three trials of a pen-and-paper experiment where adult L2 learners’ recollection of glossed words was tested after they had read a text with or without pictures included in the glosses. Unlike previous studies in which a superiority of multimodal glosses over text-only glosses was claimed, the experiment furnished no evidence that the addition of pictures helped the learners to retain the glossed words’ form-meaning association any better than providing glosses containing only verbal explanations. When learners were prompted to recall of the written form of the words, the gloss condition without pictures in fact led to the ...


Charting Ahead: Navigating Threats And Challenges To The Urban-Serving Research University Mission, Desiree D. Zerquera, Erin E. Doran May 2017

Charting Ahead: Navigating Threats And Challenges To The Urban-Serving Research University Mission, Desiree D. Zerquera, Erin E. Doran

Education Publications

The higher education context that our CUMU institutions must navigate is complex and begets challenges resulting from the distinct mission our institutions seek to uphold. The implications of these challenges give rise to impacts on everyone within the institution and consequently our constituents within the cities we seek to serve. Bringing together literature, emerging research, and points from discussions at the 2016 CUMU conference, this paper analyzes challenges and their implications and highlights the strategies being employed to navigate them. We consider the tensions inherent in the urban-serving university identity, the cost of serving urban regions, and the state structures ...


Estimating Costs And Benefits Associated With Evidence-Based Violence Prevention: Four Case Studies Based On The Fourth R Program, Claire Crooks, Jennifer Zwicker, Lana Wells, Ray Hughes, Amanda Langlois, J.C. Herbert Emery May 2017

Estimating Costs And Benefits Associated With Evidence-Based Violence Prevention: Four Case Studies Based On The Fourth R Program, Claire Crooks, Jennifer Zwicker, Lana Wells, Ray Hughes, Amanda Langlois, J.C. Herbert Emery

Education Publications

Teen violence in dating and peer relationships has huge costs to society in numerous areas including health care, social services, the workforce and the justice system. Physical, psychological, and sexual abuse have long-lasting ramifications for the perpetrators as well as the victims, and for the families involved on both sides of that equation. An effective violence prevention program that is part of a school’s curriculum is beneficial not only for teaching teenagers what is appropriate behaviour in a relationship, but also for helping them break the cycle of violence which may have begun at home with their own maltreatment ...


Decision Points In Academic Leadership Development As An Engaged Scholar: To Lead Or Not To Lead, Nicole Thompson, Nancy K. Franz Apr 2017

Decision Points In Academic Leadership Development As An Engaged Scholar: To Lead Or Not To Lead, Nicole Thompson, Nancy K. Franz

Education Publications

Academics have a variety of career paths available to them, yet it can be difficult to determine what career opportunities will lead to beneficial professional and personal outcomes. As engaged scholars, we seek academic leadership positions that allow us to make a difference in the world, either directly or indirectly, using our unique skills, experience, teaching, and research. To help engaged scholars determine if academic leadership opportunities are appropriate for their aspirations, this article provides career paths experienced by two engaged scholars, criteria they use to select or forgo leadership positions, and lessons they’ve learned as academic leaders who ...


Examining One Mathematics Teacher’S Decisions Regarding Mathematics And Language, Ji Yeong I, Zandra De Araujo Apr 2017

Examining One Mathematics Teacher’S Decisions Regarding Mathematics And Language, Ji Yeong I, Zandra De Araujo

Education Publications

Teachers have to make many in-the-moment decisions when teaching. We investigated one teacher’s decisions in response to the difference between the intended meaning of a mathematical problem and her student’s understanding. The student—an English language learner—had a different interpretation of the mathematical scenario related to one particular clause in the problem that was, ironically, intended to be explanatory but ended up obscuring intended meaning and therefore impacted the student’s solution. In order to reflect on the teacher’s decisions, we include a vignette that illustrates the teacher’s tensions when making her instructional decisions. The ...


The Benefits Of Investing In High Quality Professional Development For Community College Faculty In Texas, Erin E. Doran Apr 2017

The Benefits Of Investing In High Quality Professional Development For Community College Faculty In Texas, Erin E. Doran

Education Publications

This study is drawn from data collected for a larger study on the implementation of integrated reading and writing at the developmental level at one Texas community college. To protect sources, the name of the targeted college has been changed, and a pseudonym has been substituted. Three faculty members interviewed for this study were trained and taught within the Dream Catchers program at Adelante College, one of the first colleges to adopt the Dream Catchers Program, which bases its pedagogy and professional development practices on the model of the Puente Project, a national model for student success housed at the ...


Learning Competencies Through Engineering Research Group Experiences, Brian A. Burt Mar 2017

Learning Competencies Through Engineering Research Group Experiences, Brian A. Burt

Education Publications

Purpose - In some fields, research group experiences gained in laboratories are more influential than the classroom in shaping graduate students' research abilities, understandings of post-graduate careers, and professional identities. However, we know little about what and how students learn from their research group experiences. This article explores the learning experiences of engineering graduate students in one chemical engineering research group to determine what students learned and identify the practices and activities that facilitated their learning.

Design/methodology/approach – Ethnography was utilized to observe the experiences of one 20-member research group in chemical engineering. Fieldwork included 13 months of observations, 31 ...


How Community Colleges In Texas Prioritize Resources For Latino Men, Sarah L. Rodriguez-Jones, Kelty T. Garbee, Ryan A. Miller, Victor B. Saenz Feb 2017

How Community Colleges In Texas Prioritize Resources For Latino Men, Sarah L. Rodriguez-Jones, Kelty T. Garbee, Ryan A. Miller, Victor B. Saenz

Education Publications

This study explored how administrators at community colleges conceptualized change related to resource allocation and managing competing priorities to support targeted programming for Latino men. The study included the perspectives of 39 administrators from seven community colleges across Texas using concepts associated with institutional change to ground our analysis. Findings revealed that state and national initiatives, particularly those concerned with enhancing success for students of color, influenced how community college administrators approached change on their campuses. In addition, community college institutional mission, leadership, and a desire for data-informed resource management influenced the approach to resource allocation for Latino men.


Auditing Inequity: Teaching Aspiring Administrators To Be Social Justice Leaders, Frank Hernandez, Joanne M. Marshall Feb 2017

Auditing Inequity: Teaching Aspiring Administrators To Be Social Justice Leaders, Frank Hernandez, Joanne M. Marshall

Education Publications

While much has been written about preparing educational leaders to lead for social justice, much less has been written about how to do so. This study is one of the first to analyze the reflections and written assignments of aspiring administrators to determine what they are currently thinking about poverty, race and ethnicity, and social justice leadership and how that thinking is shaped throughout one course. Results indicate that students were variable in their individual reflections, but that assignments which required them to analyze the inequities in their schools and develop an implementation plan led all of these aspiring administrators ...


Evaluate Naturally And Quickly With Just-In-Time Program Evaluation, Nancy K. Franz, John F. Munsell, Tiffany N. Brown, Holly K. Chittum Feb 2017

Evaluate Naturally And Quickly With Just-In-Time Program Evaluation, Nancy K. Franz, John F. Munsell, Tiffany N. Brown, Holly K. Chittum

Education Publications

A just-in-time evaluation approach can help Extension professionals expand their program evaluation readiness, interest, and competence. A pilot test of this efficient approach helped organizers of a forest farming conference determine important information about the event's processes and content to be better positioned for future work. The conference evaluation team and conference participants enjoyed this approach that integrated evaluation methods and evaluative thinking into all the conference activities. This approach to evaluation is especially appropriate for gathering real-time data for determining the value of educational processes taking place while making evaluation more visible and easier to accomplish.


The Effect Of Hiv/Aids Awareness And Support Initiatives On The Perceived Risk Of Hiv Infection Among Head Teachers In Ugandan Schools, Hamis Mugendawala, Linda Serra Hagedorn Jan 2017

The Effect Of Hiv/Aids Awareness And Support Initiatives On The Perceived Risk Of Hiv Infection Among Head Teachers In Ugandan Schools, Hamis Mugendawala, Linda Serra Hagedorn

Education Publications

In response to higher perceived risks of HIV infection in the education sectors, many sub-Sahara African countries have school- and community-based HIV/AIDS awareness (SCBHA) and school-based HIV/AIDS support (SBHS) initiatives. Using ordinal logistic and Rasch scaling, this study utilizes the Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Educational Quality (SACMEQ) data to predict the strength and direction of the associations between school- and community-based initiatives and the perceived risk of HIV infection reported by head teachers. Findings indicate SCBHA and SBHS significantly predict the odds of the perceived risk of HIV/AIDS infection. Sociodemographic and contextual factors confound ...


Curriculum As Social Practice: The Case Of Fukushima, Kathryn Hibbert, Penelope Engle-Hills, May Abdel-Wahab, Rethy Chhem, Ari Hasegawa, Atsushi Kumagai, Pisith Phluong Jan 2017

Curriculum As Social Practice: The Case Of Fukushima, Kathryn Hibbert, Penelope Engle-Hills, May Abdel-Wahab, Rethy Chhem, Ari Hasegawa, Atsushi Kumagai, Pisith Phluong

Education Publications

Despite the persistent threat from disasters to human health worldwide, meaningful lessons in preparedness are rarely integrated into the health professional curricula of those likely to be first responders. Although core competencies in disaster management have been identified, little is known about how to translate those competencies into multiple curricula across diverse groups who must function together in complex, emotionally charged conditions. In an unprecedented collective response, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) (Chhem & Abdel-Wahab, Vienna, Austria) worked with the first medical responders (Hasegawa & Kumagai) at Japan’s Fukushima Medical University (FMU) on a project led by educational scholars (Hibbert ...


Reading The World: Dialogical Learning And Conversations With Fiction, Patricia A. Gouthro, Susan M. Holloway, Jennifer Guy Jan 2017

Reading The World: Dialogical Learning And Conversations With Fiction, Patricia A. Gouthro, Susan M. Holloway, Jennifer Guy

Education Publications

This paper draws upon a SSHRC funded research study on lifelong learning, fiction writing, and creativity to discuss how the work of Paulo Freire and Martha Nussbaum draw attention to the importance of education for democratic learning. Using fiction as a way to foster dialogue may enhance opportunities for adults to engage in critical debate and to rethink how they will “read the world”.


International Service-Learning: Rethinking The Role Of Emotions, Marianne A. Larsen Jan 2017

International Service-Learning: Rethinking The Role Of Emotions, Marianne A. Larsen

Education Publications

Existing research on international service-learning (ISL) only implicitly alludes to emotions or considers emotions as a limited vehicle through which the more important work of learning occurs. This study set out to shift this focus on emotions to show how emotions are an integral part of the overall ISL experience. The aim was to understand how an ISL internship was an emotional experience for the student participants through the lens of noncognitive process theory of emotions. This was a qualitative case study of the experiences of 10 university students who engaged in an ISL internship in East Africa. Data collection ...


Language Planning, Farahnaz Faez, Shelley K. Taylor Jan 2017

Language Planning, Farahnaz Faez, Shelley K. Taylor

Education Publications

English users speak many different mother tongues (L1s) and a variety of “Englishes.” They use English for different (cross-cultural and/or international) communicative purposes, depending on their contexts, needs, and their own unique “plurilingual” backgrounds (discussed in Part III). In many of today’s globalized societies, mobility and change are key features. Language planners, multi-national stakeholders, and transnational individuals affected by mobility and change view English as crucial to their interests, and frequently claim it as their own. English also has imperial and (post-) colonial legacies; hence, many localized forms of English have been developed and are used internationally, making ...


Singing Our Song: The Affordances Of Singing In An Intergenerational, Multimodal Literacy Program, Rachel Heydon, Lori Mckee, Susan O'Neill Jan 2017

Singing Our Song: The Affordances Of Singing In An Intergenerational, Multimodal Literacy Program, Rachel Heydon, Lori Mckee, Susan O'Neill

Education Publications

This exploratory case study examined singing as a multimodal literacy practice within ensembles that featured art, singing and digital media produced in an intergenerational program that served a class of kindergarten children and community elders. The program that was set up by the study in collaboration with a rural school and home for seniors, saw participants meet one afternoon a week for most of a school year. Study questions concerned the meaning making and relationship-building opportunities afforded to the participants as they worked through chains of multimodal projects. Data were collected using ethnographic tools in the seniors’ home where the ...


Competencies Needed For Entry-Level Student Affairs Work: Views From Mid-Level Professionals, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Andrew Ryder Jan 2017

Competencies Needed For Entry-Level Student Affairs Work: Views From Mid-Level Professionals, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Andrew Ryder

Education Publications

The ACPA/NASPA Professional Competencies for Student Affairs were designed to articulate skills needed for effective practice. However, since its first publication in 2010, little research has been done to understand whether these competencies align with the skills needed to be successful student affairs professionals. This qualitative study examined mid-level supervisors’ perceptions of the skills needed for effective entry-level student affairs work and compared these responses to the ACPA/NASPA competencies. Mid-level manager’s perceptions of skills aligned with stated competencies with some minor discrepancies noted. These findings have implications for practice, graduate preparation programs, potential revisions to the competencies ...


An Empowerment Framework For Latinx Students In Developmental Education, Erin E. Doran Jan 2017

An Empowerment Framework For Latinx Students In Developmental Education, Erin E. Doran

Education Publications

While developmental education in community colleges has the potential to prepare students for college-level work, its effectiveness and need is often questioned. Further, while Latinx students are overrepresented in developmental courses, there is a dearth of literature on their experiences in such courses and how to effectively serve their needs in developmental contexts. This article provides an overview of the literature related to Latinx students in developmental writing to point out areas that have been understudied and then introduces an Empowerment Framework for Latinx students, a model which combines a deeper understanding of language, power, and preparing Latinx students for ...


Racializing Experiences Of Foreign-Born And Ethnically Diverse Black Male Engineering Graduate Students: Implications For Student Affairs Practice, Policy, And Research, Brian A. Burt, Alexander Knight, Justin Roberson Jan 2017

Racializing Experiences Of Foreign-Born And Ethnically Diverse Black Male Engineering Graduate Students: Implications For Student Affairs Practice, Policy, And Research, Brian A. Burt, Alexander Knight, Justin Roberson

Education Publications

Despite a growing body of work on the experiences of Black collegians, the higher education knowledge base lacks scholarship focused on Black men in graduate programs who are foreign-born and/or identify ethnically as other than African American. In this article, we provide a domain-specific investigation (i.e., based on students’ field of study), centering on nine Black men in engineering graduate programs. Three themes emerged regarding students’ racialized experiences and effects of racialization: (1) racialization as a transitional process; (2) cultural identity (dis)integrity; and (3) racialized imposter syndrome. We conclude with implications for developing and implementing promising practices ...


The Intentional And The Grassroots Hispanic-Serving Institutions: A Critical History Of Two Universities, Erin E. Doran, Oscar Medina Jan 2017

The Intentional And The Grassroots Hispanic-Serving Institutions: A Critical History Of Two Universities, Erin E. Doran, Oscar Medina

Education Publications

This study examines the institutional histories of Loma Verde University and Azul City University and their development over time into Hispanic-Serving Institutions. Utilizing a theoretical framework of transformational change, we focus on various aspects of these institutions, including curriculum, the allocation of physical spaces, and the creation of programs that specifically serve Latinx students. The study makes use of archival documents that tell the story of the struggles at each institution to cultivate a campus that addressed the needs of Latinx students to promote their long-term academic success. The findings suggest that these institutions were on paths that were heavily ...