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Medicine and Health Sciences

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Exploring Incivility Among Nursing And Health Science Students: A Descriptive Study, Diane Louise Smith Dec 2017

Exploring Incivility Among Nursing And Health Science Students: A Descriptive Study, Diane Louise Smith

Ron and Kathy Assaf College of Nursing Student Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Incivility has infiltrated our institutions of higher learning as well as the world of nursing. All too familiar in nursing is the phrase “eating their young,” which aptly describes how nurses treat other nurses, even though they should be nurturing and caring professionals.

The investigator explored nursing and health science students’ perceptions of student and faculty uncivil behaviors within the academic environment, seeking the levels and frequency of the problem. Bandura’s social learning theory presents a sound theoretical framework for this dissertation. The research methodology consisted of a quantitative descriptive approach. The Incivility in Higher Education-Revised (IHE-R) Survey was ...


Are Audience Response Systems Worth The Cost? Comparing Question-Driven Teaching Strategies For Emergency Medical Technician Education, Lauren M. Maloney, James P. Dilger, Paul A. Werfel, Linda M. Cimino Dec 2017

Are Audience Response Systems Worth The Cost? Comparing Question-Driven Teaching Strategies For Emergency Medical Technician Education, Lauren M. Maloney, James P. Dilger, Paul A. Werfel, Linda M. Cimino

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: As Emergency Medical Technician educators develop curricula to meet new national educational standards, effective teaching strategies validated for course content and unique student demographics are warranted. Three methods for answering multiple choice questions presented during lectures were compared: a) Audience Response System (ARS, clickers), b) hand-raising-with-eyes-closed (no-cost option), and c) passive response (no-cost option). The purpose was to determine if using the ARS resulted in improved exam scores. Method: 113 Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) students participated in this cross-over, block randomized, controlled trial, which was incorporated into their Cardiac Emergencies and Pulmonary Emergencies course lectures. Students took pretests, immediate ...


The 360 Degree Approach: Patient Forward App Development In The Healthcare Space, Rob Mruczek, Tori Styner Dec 2017

The 360 Degree Approach: Patient Forward App Development In The Healthcare Space, Rob Mruczek, Tori Styner

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education and Evaluation (JCIPE)

The Jefferson Teamwork Observation Guide (JTOG) is a responsive, modern mobile application designed to bring this honesty to healthcare. The app helps to evaluate teamwork at a healthcare system from all possible angles, giving a true 360 degree view of the experience of all participants in a medical setting. A patient's experience in a health system is hardly ever the result of a single employee of that health system, but rather a team of people dedicated to that patient's care, who all have a role in taking care of the patient's particular needs. The best teams, just ...


Using Trauma Case-Based Learning To Inspire Interprofessional Readiness Among Future Health Professionals, Jeanne Felter Phd, Lpc, Stephen Didonato Phd, Lpc, Amy Baker Ms, Pa-C, Richard Hass Phd, Michelle D. Gorenberg Otd, Otr/L Dec 2017

Using Trauma Case-Based Learning To Inspire Interprofessional Readiness Among Future Health Professionals, Jeanne Felter Phd, Lpc, Stephen Didonato Phd, Lpc, Amy Baker Ms, Pa-C, Richard Hass Phd, Michelle D. Gorenberg Otd, Otr/L

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education and Evaluation (JCIPE)

Background

It is well established in the literature that patient outcomes and quality of care are optimized when disciplines work together (Chonienne et al., 2010). Interprofessional practice (IPP) among health professionals is even more important when working with individuals exposed to trauma, which can result in disrupted physical, cognitive, and social development, and manifest in an array of physical and psychological symptoms (e.g. Felitti & Anda, 1998). Consequently, professionals across social service and healthcare systems may encounter and simultaneously serve trauma-affected individuals. However, healthcare and behavioral health systems are historically fragmented and frequently fail to provide the coordinated and integrated ...


From The Editors Dec 2017

From The Editors

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education and Evaluation (JCIPE)

Greetings to all as we embark upon the last weeks of 2017! This fall has been a busy time for JCIPE in many different ways. At the end of September, thirteen JCIPE staff, faculty and students attended the Collaborative Practice conference held in Banff, Alberta, Canada. JCIPE delivered one invited pre-conference workshop and five peer-reviewed, accepted live presentations focusing on a wide range of our activities including Hotspotting, the Health Mentors Program, the Jefferson Teamwork Observation Guide (JTOG) and programmatic sustainability. We learned a lot relative to new program ideas, assessment suggestions and faculty development - just to name a few ...


Situational Awareness Within Objective Structured Clinical Examination Stations In Undergraduate Medical Training - A Literature Search., Markus A. Fischer, Kieran M. Kennedy, Steven Durning, Marlies P. Schijven, Jean Ker, Paul O'Connor, Eva M. Doherty, Thomas Jb Kropmans Dec 2017

Situational Awareness Within Objective Structured Clinical Examination Stations In Undergraduate Medical Training - A Literature Search., Markus A. Fischer, Kieran M. Kennedy, Steven Durning, Marlies P. Schijven, Jean Ker, Paul O'Connor, Eva M. Doherty, Thomas Jb Kropmans

Surgery (The Colles Institute) Articles

BACKGROUND: Medical students may not be able to identify the essential elements of situational awareness (SA) necessary for clinical reasoning. Recent studies suggest that students have little insight into cognitive processing and SA in clinical scenarios. Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) could be used to assess certain elements of situational awareness. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature with a view to identifying whether levels of SA based on Endsley's model can be assessed utilising OSCEs during undergraduate medical training.

METHODS: A systematic search was performed pertaining to SA and OSCEs, to identify studies published between ...


Evaluation Of The Project P.A.T.H.S. In Mainland China: Findings Based On Student Diaries, Daniel T. L. Shek, Xiaoqin Zhu, Janet T. Y. Leung, Tak Yan Lee, Florence K. Y. Wu Dec 2017

Evaluation Of The Project P.A.T.H.S. In Mainland China: Findings Based On Student Diaries, Daniel T. L. Shek, Xiaoqin Zhu, Janet T. Y. Leung, Tak Yan Lee, Florence K. Y. Wu

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Objectives: Based on 859 student diaries, the present study evaluated a positive youth development program entitled “Tin Ka Ping (TKP) Positive Adolescent Training through Holistic Social programs (P.A.T.H.S.) ” project implemented in mainland China during the 2015–2016 academic year. Method: To understand the perceived effectiveness of the students, the study analyzed quantitative as well as qualitative data derived from the student diaries. Results: The students held very positive views toward the program and the implementers. The narratives of the students also showed that they perceived improvement in the intrapersonal, interpersonal, familial, and societal domains after joining ...


An Analysis Of Factors Contributing To Anxiety In Athletic Performance, James Vanderhoof Dec 2017

An Analysis Of Factors Contributing To Anxiety In Athletic Performance, James Vanderhoof

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to first investigate factors associated with cognitive and somatic anxiety among athletes. Secondly, this synthesis aimed to investigate the relationship between cognitive and somatic anxiety and athletic performance. An exhaustive review of the literature yielded ten studies that were relevant to this review. Six studies examined self-confidence in relationship to anxiety; two studies examined anxiety in relationship to age and experience; two studies examined anxiety in relationship to incentives; one study examined the effects of coaching style on anxiety; and one study examined anxiety in the presence of an audience. The relationships between self-confidence ...


Physical Activity Interventions For Children With Down Syndrome: A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Maleda Funk Dec 2017

Physical Activity Interventions For Children With Down Syndrome: A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Maleda Funk

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

This synthesis highlights the available physical activity interventions/programs for children with Down syndrome. More specifically, the literature review examined evidence-based research in the areas of dance and movement, balance and stability, two-wheel bicycle, strength and agility and barriers and facilitators. The literature review used peer-reviewed and scholarly articles in order to examine the most effective physical activity intervention/programs for children with Down syndrome. Results showed that all physical activity interventions/programs can be effective for children with Down syndrome, especially when developmentally appropriate modifications and adaptations are incorporated. Dance and movement programs, balance and stability exercises using virtual ...


Sport Specialization And The Creation Of Elite Soccer Athletes, Nathan Lawson Dec 2017

Sport Specialization And The Creation Of Elite Soccer Athletes, Nathan Lawson

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

There are many contributing factors to sport specialization at an early age whether these are intrinsic or extrinsic motivation, parental influence and amount of practice time. There are positive and negative effects of sports specialization and sports generalization. Therefore, the purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on sport specialization and the creation of an elite athlete in the realm of soccer. The research shows the need for sport specialization early in soccer is not necessary because it is not necessary to reach peak performance early as compared to a sport such as gymnastics. With the physical developments ...


A Review Of Literature On The College Experience Of Students Employed In Campus Recreation Programs, Domonique Sak Dec 2017

A Review Of Literature On The College Experience Of Students Employed In Campus Recreation Programs, Domonique Sak

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Student employment has become an educational fact with more students seeking work after every year. The purpose of this synthesis is to demonstrate the impact of college students who work in Campus Recreation in relation to their collegiate experience and level of job satisfaction. There has been plenty of research conducted on students in regards to the collegiate experience or job satisfaction, but not together. Selected by strict criteria, eleven accredited scholarly journal articles were examined that specifically investigated collegiate experience and job satisfaction. Other sources were used to incorporate background information. Furthermore, factors such as academic performance, leadership and ...


Abusive Behavior In Sport: When Does A Coach Cross The Line?, Margeaux Gupilan Dec 2017

Abusive Behavior In Sport: When Does A Coach Cross The Line?, Margeaux Gupilan

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Abstract

The purpose of this synthesis is to review current research about how to identify, prevent and respond to an abusive coach. A total of 12 articles were used for this literature review. Literature suggests that coaches hold a significant position of power over their athletes (Misia, Rhind, & Luzar, 2016). There is reason to believe that coaches who have a certain type of coaching style have a higher chance of being emotionally, mentally, verbally, and physically abusive towards their athletes. This synthesis aims to identify what constitutes tough coaching vs. abusive coaching.

From the literature review, a few major themes were noticed. These themes helped answer the research questions that were drawn up and provided the basis for the conclusions. Based on the literature the three conclusions were (1) the behaviors that reflect coaching abuse are accepted in sports when the intent of the coach is for the development and growth for the athlete; (2) teachers are trained and coaches are not always trained indicating a need for more formal training of coaches; and (3) high level athletes respond to different coaching styles that may include behaviors linked to coaching abuse and may, in fact prefer the behaviors.

Techniques used within sports are purposefully used in ...


Movement Therapy For School Age Children With Autism: A Review Of The Literature, Courtney Bradish Dec 2017

Movement Therapy For School Age Children With Autism: A Review Of The Literature, Courtney Bradish

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

One in every 68 children in the United States has autism spectrum disorder (ASD), affecting boys more than girls (4:1). Physical activity is important for children with ASD because it promotes life-long fitness and prevents chronic conditions. The purpose of this synthesis was to determine the most effective research-based movement therapy for children with autism, as well as discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each therapy presented. The literature review used peer-reviewed scholarly articles to examine evidencebased research in the areas of music therapy, dance therapy, yoga therapy and aquatic therapy. Results indicated family-centered music therapy (FCMT) improves the ...


Cancer Survivorship: Promoting A Lifetime Of Health, Janelle Coleman-Smith Dec 2017

Cancer Survivorship: Promoting A Lifetime Of Health, Janelle Coleman-Smith

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Introduction Cancer survivors can face post-cancer treatment effects that need addressing throughout their care trajectory. Education provided to stakeholders and patients will be beneficial in preventing fragmented care, increasing patient satisfaction, and expanding ongoing supportive clinical survivorship care. Methods An adapted Dr. Joanne Lester survivorship needs survey was given to n=7 post-cancer treatment patients within a northern California cancer patient advisory committee. The survey results were analyzed to identify common underserved chronic long-term survivorship needs. Based on the data, an evidence-based educational component was included within a booklet to enhance future survivorship care. Additional surveys were sent to ...


Using Social Narratives To Improve The Healthcare Experiences Of Children Diagnosed With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Margaret Spindel Dec 2017

Using Social Narratives To Improve The Healthcare Experiences Of Children Diagnosed With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Margaret Spindel

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current

Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often experience significant emotional stress when they visit a healthcare provider. The focus of this research project was to explore the use of social narratives to help reduce stress associated with this environment. Social narratives are short stories designed to walk a child through a potential situation that they will encounter, that they may not be familiar with, or that they are not currently handling properly. As part of an initial literature review, evidence for the need for additional intervention in the healthcare setting for children with ASD was established. Continuing literature review then ...


Goals Of Family Caregivers Of Persons With Dementia Across The Caregiving Career, Shalane R. Basque Dec 2017

Goals Of Family Caregivers Of Persons With Dementia Across The Caregiving Career, Shalane R. Basque

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Understanding goals of family caregivers of persons with dementia is critical to provide effective education and support. However, there is little understanding about family caregivers’ goals. This study investigated goals set by family caregivers prior to an education and training program and whether their goals varied across the caregiving career. Phases of the caregiving career were measured by relationship identity; the extent to which participants viewed their relationship in terms of familial and caregiver roles. Conventional content analysis on goals of 30 family caregivers yielded five categories which varied by relationship identity. Enhancing relationships reflected goals for the familial role ...


Acquisition Of Aquatic Motor Skills Through Children’S Motor Stories, Juan Antonio Moreno Murcia, Elisa Huescar Hernandez, Jose Antonio Richart Parra Dec 2017

Acquisition Of Aquatic Motor Skills Through Children’S Motor Stories, Juan Antonio Moreno Murcia, Elisa Huescar Hernandez, Jose Antonio Richart Parra

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

An increasing interest in the renewal of traditional recreational content and the use of the aquatic environments as educational resources is supported by very few empirical, evidence-based studies that link the two. This quasi-experimental study analyzed the role of stories in influencing perceived motor competence and real motor skills in seventy-eight children ages between 4 and 5 years through the administration of two questionnaires on aquatic motor ability and aquatic motor competence. Differences were found in aquatic motor competence (p < .01) and aquatic motor ability (p < .05) for the experimental group, where higher means values were obtained after the intervention. We present this methodological proposal as a useful educational tool for early childhood stimulation with achievements that go beyond motor progress itself.


Effects Of Aquatic And Land Plyometrics On Athletic Performance: A Systematic Review, Alissa Rhode, David C. Berry Dec 2017

Effects Of Aquatic And Land Plyometrics On Athletic Performance: A Systematic Review, Alissa Rhode, David C. Berry

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

The purpose of this study was to systematically review literature to determine whether aquatic plyometric training (APT) increases athletic performance compared to land-based plyometric training (LPT). We identified 6 articles from PubMed, CINAHL, MEDLINE, and single-citation matching from January, 1995 through January, 2017 using search words “aquatic plyometric training OR aquatic plyometric OR aquatic plyometrics.” After screening (title, abstract), 6 articles were reviewed for inclusion criteria: (1) full-report/abstract, (2) peer-reviewed RCTs/clinical trials, (3) English language, (4) focused on healthy individuals (free of current, lower-extremity, musculoskeletal injuries) ages 16-30 years, and (6) included strength, power, and/or vertical jump ...


Classical Literature Gives Life To Business Paradox And Systems Integration, Robert A. Page, Samuel K. Andoh, Robert A. Smith Dec 2017

Classical Literature Gives Life To Business Paradox And Systems Integration, Robert A. Page, Samuel K. Andoh, Robert A. Smith

Administrative Issues Journal

Professors bemoan the great difficulty students have understanding the complexity of their disciplines or functional specializations. Many non-traditional students have work and family commitments that limit the time needed to reflect professionally and to master these concepts. This disconnect has persisted despite decades of work developing more integrated, interdisciplinary curricula. One potential, partial solution is to simply start sooner and partner with liberal arts courses to introduce business students to complexity and paradox before they arrive at the business school. Grounding these concepts in the Classics embeds them in great stories of passion, betrayal, commitment, and emotion normally absent in ...


Addressing Uncertainty During Workplace Change: Communication And Sense-Making, Rich Parsells Dec 2017

Addressing Uncertainty During Workplace Change: Communication And Sense-Making, Rich Parsells

Administrative Issues Journal

Change is a commonplace occurrence in today’s organizations. A number of scholars suggest that communication strategies during organizational change are an important element to the success of a change initiative, yet such strategies are not given primacy in the research literature. The purpose of this paper is to add to the discourse on communication and workplace change initiatives by reporting on a research project that explored communication actions which were employed and viewed as useful by those experiencing a change in the workplace. This paper presents the findings that emanated from the study and explore their meaning in relation ...


How Managers Use The Stockdale Paradox To Balance “The Now And The Next”, C. W. Von Bergen, Martin S. Bressler Dec 2017

How Managers Use The Stockdale Paradox To Balance “The Now And The Next”, C. W. Von Bergen, Martin S. Bressler

Administrative Issues Journal

Recent discussions of leadership paradoxes have suggested that managers who can hold seemingly opposed, yet interrelated perspectives, are more adaptive and effective. One such paradox that has received relatively little attention is the “Stockdale Paradox,” named after Admiral James Stockdale, an American naval officer who was held captive for seven and one-half years during the Vietnam War and survived imprisonment in large part because he held beliefs of optimism about the future, while simultaneously acknowledging the current reality of the desperate situation in which he found himself. This contradictory tension enabled him and his followers to emerge from their situation ...


Letter From The Editor, Amanda Evert Dec 2017

Letter From The Editor, Amanda Evert

Administrative Issues Journal

The Winter 2017 issue of the AIJ begins with an invited article on the evolution of a bridge-to-college program at Idaho State University.


Invited Article: Bridging The Gap – Supporting The Transition From High School To College, Julie A. Frischmann, Kelly S. Moor Dec 2017

Invited Article: Bridging The Gap – Supporting The Transition From High School To College, Julie A. Frischmann, Kelly S. Moor

Administrative Issues Journal

Idaho State University’s Bengal Bridge is a summer program designed to help students successfully transition from high school to their first year of college at Idaho State University. All Bridge students at ISU take two general education courses, plus an additional credit of supplemental instruction focused on academic strategies specific to the disciplines represented by those general education courses, as well as a First Year Transition (ACAD) course to facilitate engagement with and acculturation to the university community—a total of nine to 10 credits in just seven weeks. Bridge students are also supported by one-to-one academic coaching, supplemental ...


Authentic Leadership—Is It More Than Emotional Intelligence?, Phyllis Duncan, Mark Green, Esther Gergen, Wenonah Ecung Dec 2017

Authentic Leadership—Is It More Than Emotional Intelligence?, Phyllis Duncan, Mark Green, Esther Gergen, Wenonah Ecung

Administrative Issues Journal

One of the newest theories to gain widespread interest is authentic leadership. Part of the rationale for developing a model and subsequent instrument to measure authentic leadership was a concern that the more popular theory, the full range model of leadership and its instrument, the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) (Bass & Avolio, 1985), did not sufficiently emphasize aspects of leader emotional intelligence (EI), such as self-awareness (Avolio & Gardner, 2005).

In its current configuration, the Authentic Leadership Questionnaire (ALQ) (Walumba, Avolio, Gardner, Wernsing & Peterson, 2008) measures four dimensions of leadership: relational transparency, internal moral perspective, balanced processing, and self-awareness. In a recent ...


In Memoriam 2017, Stephen J. Langendorfer Ph.D. Dec 2017

In Memoriam 2017, Stephen J. Langendorfer Ph.D.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

In Memoriam 2017 - Adolph Kiefer, Louise Priest, Terry Laughlin


Effects Of Running Up The Score In Sport, Jonathan Santana Dec 2017

Effects Of Running Up The Score In Sport, Jonathan Santana

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

This synthesis highlights the effects of running up the score in sport. To examine this matter to the fullest extent, there were seven peer-reviewed articles chosen that involved the ethics of running up the score and several arguments for and against the issue. Several topics included in the articles were the anti-blowout thesis, humiliation, sportsmanship and competition. The review of literature provides information, and conclusions that support the idea that running up the score may be ethical or unethical depending on the circumstances of the game.


Physical Activity Events For Children: Do The Benefits Justify Time Away From Academics?, Laura L. Wright Dec 2017

Physical Activity Events For Children: Do The Benefits Justify Time Away From Academics?, Laura L. Wright

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis project was to research the effect that physical activity events have on children’s academic achievement. A comprehensive literary search was completed to find studies that implemented recess, classroom based physical activity, physical education, extracurricular physical activity or sports into the lives of K-12 students. Fourteen academic research reports, journal articles and scholarly peer reviewed articles between the years of 2000-2016 were chosen for the review of literature.

The differences that exist between the forms of physical activity and their impact on academic performance were examined. A strong research base for physical activity improving children ...


Deconstructing The Visa: Academic Accommodations And Self-Disclosure, Catherine A. Smith Phd Dec 2017

Deconstructing The Visa: Academic Accommodations And Self-Disclosure, Catherine A. Smith Phd

Proceedings from the Document Academy

College students living with disabilities must disclose, manage, share, and communicate their personal health information in order to receive academic accommodations. The academic gatekeepers to this process are disability services specialists who are important “third parties:” non-family members, non-friends, who work with clinical information to meet the educational needs of their student clients. The author reports the results of the first of several studies of different stakeholders in the academic accommodations process and their attitudes about Personal health records (PHRs). Semistructured interviews were conducted between January and April, 2013, with 17 Disabilities Services (DS) specialists at 2 different public 4-year ...


Effects Of Sport Specialization On Youth And Interscholastic Athletes, Joseph Innes Dec 2017

Effects Of Sport Specialization On Youth And Interscholastic Athletes, Joseph Innes

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Athletes are beginning to specialize in one specific sport more recently than ever before. There are two types of athletes, a single sport athlete, and a multi-sport athlete. Therefore, the purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on sport specialization. More specifically the various effects specializing versus participating in multiple sports has on an athlete, both physically and mentally. Research has shown that there are positive and negative effects to both sport specialization and diversification. Further research on this topic can give athletes a better idea on what is best for them overall.


Evidence-Based Best Practices In Physical Activity For Children With Serious Disabilities A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Roselym M. Miranda-Mercado Dec 2017

Evidence-Based Best Practices In Physical Activity For Children With Serious Disabilities A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Roselym M. Miranda-Mercado

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Serious disabilities are diagnosed in approximately 1 in 100 of children who have serious disabilities (Jasma, 1988). The development of the psychomotor domain in children with serious disabilities is typically below the development of their peers without special needs (Jasma, 1988). Generally, children with serious disabilities tend to be sedentary or lack opportunities to participate in physical activity compared with their peers without disabilities (Jasma, 1988). Traditional assessments such as TGMD-3 (Test of Gross Motor Development) or Brockport Physical Fitness Test, are not designed or do not have accommodations for children with serious disabilities (Grenier, & Miller, 2018). The purpose of ...