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2012

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effects Of Discrete Trial Teaching On Students With Autism, Kristine Reardon Aug 2012

The Effects Of Discrete Trial Teaching On Students With Autism, Kristine Reardon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Discrete trial teaching (DTT) is one of the most widely interventions used on children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It is an intensive and individualized instructional methodology that involves breaking skills into smaller steps and intensely teaching each step until mastered. DTT is known to many as being useful for teaching new forms of behavior and discrimination. The purpose of this study was to investigate if DTT is a useful intervention for increasing communication skills, acquisition, and academic skills in children with ASD, while decreasing their inappropriate behaviors. Data indicated that DTT effectively increased acquisition, academic skills, and communication skills ...


Northeast Woodland Native American Warfare & The Iroquois Response To The Colonial Era, Andrew Thomas Ehnot Aug 2012

Northeast Woodland Native American Warfare & The Iroquois Response To The Colonial Era, Andrew Thomas Ehnot

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The Iroquois are the second most studied native group in U.S. history behind the Navajo. They played a major role in the development of the United States, both geographically and politically. Given their importance, I wanted the capstone of three years of graduate studies to be centered on them and the teaching of Iroquois history.

My project’s aim was to first outline the way the Iroquois and other Northeast Woodland Native Americans fought wars before European contact, and then discuss how the Iroquois responded to the colonial era. The first part of my project is a simple historiography ...


Spelling Instruction And Young Learners' Literacy Development, Amber Gail Taylor Aug 2012

Spelling Instruction And Young Learners' Literacy Development, Amber Gail Taylor

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

For several decades, in schools across the United States, spelling instruction has been and continues to be a fundamental component of the English Language Arts curriculum in the primary and intermediate grades. Many administrators, teachers, and parents support spelling instruction, claiming that it improves student's reading and writing performance. Other interested stakeholders (including administrators, teachers, and parents) agree that spelling instruction has become a staple of the American education system because it encourages a home-school connection. This means that teachers send home weekly spelling study guides and worksheets for parents and/or guardians to help their children with in ...


Individualized Mathematics, Benjermin Giuliano Aug 2012

Individualized Mathematics, Benjermin Giuliano

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Given the high priority mathematics education holds in the United States, with regard to the importance of science, technology, education, and mathematics (STEM) employment, and the continued meager performance of students, a sense of pressure for meaningful reform continues to increase. The study investigates the viability and effectiveness of an individualized math program known as Accelerated Math™ (AM) by Renaissance Learning ™ (RL). The objective was to determine the worthiness and practicality of AM, as a computer-based individualized program, in becoming the centrally featured curriculum for mathematics education. The study focuses on two participants. One was female elementary teacher in the ...


Exploring The Literacy Development Of Preschoolers Through Theme-Based Center Activities, Shannon Gross Aug 2012

Exploring The Literacy Development Of Preschoolers Through Theme-Based Center Activities, Shannon Gross

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the integration of an increased literacy and math based curriculum for young children, it is important to keep students engaged while maintaining efficient and effective instruction. As a proven practice, play-based education allows a focused classroom that effectively educates children in literacy. This thesis project examines the effects of theme-based play centers on classroom literacy as well as suggested methods in lesson planning, engagement, and success. The literature review considers previous research regarding integrated theme-based play centers which suggests improved emotional, social, linguistic, and cognitive abilities in students. The research project used observation and qualitative research to focus on ...


Implementing The Common Core Learning Standards In Grade Three: Teaching For College And Career Readiness Through The Social Studies Content Area, Trista Fiorino Aug 2012

Implementing The Common Core Learning Standards In Grade Three: Teaching For College And Career Readiness Through The Social Studies Content Area, Trista Fiorino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the current state of the economy and job market in the United States, it is imperative that students are college and workforce ready when they complete their public school education. Standards- based education provides solid foundation for educators to plan learning experiences that build from the prekindergarten to grade twelve. Standards-based education is widely accepted and utilized as we prepare today's' students' for success when facing tomorrow's challenges.

As politicians, administrators, educators and parents work closely to ensure that the public education is equipped to meet the demands of the twenty first century, new and improved standards ...


The Effects Of Parental Reading And Teaching On Kindergarten Children's School Readiness, Erin M. Dawson Aug 2012

The Effects Of Parental Reading And Teaching On Kindergarten Children's School Readiness, Erin M. Dawson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project identifies and discusses parental reading and teaching patterns and the impact these same methods may or may not have on children's school readiness, specifically the student’s readiness to read. The study highlights the following research questions: What patterns of parental reading and teaching can be identified among families of children entering kindergarten in a rural school? What are the associations between parental reading and teaching patterns and the child's school readiness? The literature review section examines the topics of home environment, parent’s engagement with literacy development, school readiness, and academic success. The active ...


Exploring The Use Of Interactive Read Alouds To Support The Literacy Development Of Fifth Graders Receiving Academic Intervention Services, Abbey L. Boyst Aug 2012

Exploring The Use Of Interactive Read Alouds To Support The Literacy Development Of Fifth Graders Receiving Academic Intervention Services, Abbey L. Boyst

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students identified as requiring Academic Intervention Services (AIS), either through testing or teacher recommendation, often struggle with fluency, reading comprehension, or a combination of both. This thesis project examines the effects of interactive read-alouds in reading instruction in an AIS class as a means to foster growth in comprehension and literacy skills. The central question, what happens when read-aloud activities include explicit instruction of reading comprehension and is incorporated into the instruction of students receiving AIS, was explored. The literature review section discusses previous research observations on the use of a designed read-aloud curriculum for teaching comprehension of narrative texts ...


The Civil Rights Movement: What Progress Has Been Made Since The 1950s?, James J. Schroeder Aug 2012

The Civil Rights Movement: What Progress Has Been Made Since The 1950s?, James J. Schroeder

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The study of United States history, Post Civil War Reconstruction and the emerging Jim Crow Era in particular, brings into sharp focus the great divide – between races and ideologies. Stories of inequality, brutality, struggle and hardship abound, and students, researchers, and educators continue to examine and explore the many implications of the “house divided.” The Supreme Court, Federal Government, and general society, especially in the southern states, launched a systematic campaign of regression and oppression that would span decades and lead to the modern Civil Rights Movement in the 1950’s. This thesis project examines and uncovers an era of ...


Parents’ And Teachers’ Perceptions Of Home-School Journaling As An Effective Method For Two-Way Communication And Collaboration, Tabitha Fidanza Jul 2012

Parents’ And Teachers’ Perceptions Of Home-School Journaling As An Effective Method For Two-Way Communication And Collaboration, Tabitha Fidanza

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Home-school journals are a tool used for two-way communication between student’s parents and teachers. A typical home-school journal is given entries once a week. The entries include information about the student, and the class in general. The purpose of this study was to see how effective parents and teachers find these journals to be, and what observable effects the journals have on the collaboration of parents and teachers.

The study took place in a school in eastern United States that teaches children with multiple and severe disabilities. The school has a very ethnically and socioeconomically diverse population. Eight parents ...


Factors Influencing Readers When Matching Texts To Struggling Students, Brian P. Romeo Jul 2012

Factors Influencing Readers When Matching Texts To Struggling Students, Brian P. Romeo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers at every scholastic level search for the best pedagogical practices for their particular classroom and students. The method of leveling, a strategy in which teachers assess the instructional level of a text in order to properly match books with an individual reader, is used increasingly in literacy programs at the elementary level. Books are “leveled” by using a formula that measures sentence and word difficulty. This research project examines how students interact with various texts and explores student fluency, expression, comprehension, and re-telling. The research examines student accuracy rates, self-corrections, and miscue analysis. It considers what text features teachers ...


The Effects Of Past Experiences On The Vocabulary Use And Sentence Structure Of A Two-Year-Old, Maureen Krencik Jun 2012

The Effects Of Past Experiences On The Vocabulary Use And Sentence Structure Of A Two-Year-Old, Maureen Krencik

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Literacy acquisition does not begin with the onset of formal instruction in schools. Exposure to all aspects of literacy (reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language) in the home literacy environment before school-age can significantly impact an emergent learner's foundation of literacy. The purpose of this study was to examine how one emergent learner's language related to past experiences changed over time. This six-week naturalistic empirical action research study investigated the following research question: How do past experiences affect vocabulary use and sentence structure of a two-year-old? Throughout the study, naturally occurring data were collected every time the participant ...


How Elementary Teachers Craft Their Instruction During A 90-Minute Reading Block To Meet The Needs Of Readers Who Struggle, Jennifer Berrigan Jun 2012

How Elementary Teachers Craft Their Instruction During A 90-Minute Reading Block To Meet The Needs Of Readers Who Struggle, Jennifer Berrigan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this six week study was to investigate how elementary teachers craft their literacy instruction during a whole group 90-minute reading block to support students who struggle with reading. I designed this study of seven classroom teachers to parallel my personal philosophy that all students can learn how to read. As a new special education and consultant teacher I struggled with effective ways to plan my reading lessons to accommodate the range of students, particularly those students who struggle with reading and writing. Conducting this study has given me a better understanding of some of the processes teachers ...


How Fifth-Grade Inclusion Teachers Within A Suburban School District, Use Assessments To Guide The Literacy Needs Of Their Students, Christine Erne Jun 2012

How Fifth-Grade Inclusion Teachers Within A Suburban School District, Use Assessments To Guide The Literacy Needs Of Their Students, Christine Erne

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Much research has been conducted on inclusion classrooms as well as on assessments. However, little research exists on how teachers within inclusion classrooms use assessments to provide literacy instruction. I conducted a six-week study in two fifth-grade inclusion classrooms within a suburban school district, in order to determine how teachers use assessments to guide the literacy needs of their students. I interviewed two general education teachers and two special education teachers, and observed them during their ELA blocks. I explored formal and informal assessments the teachers used throughout the study. The participating teachers used more informal assessments than formal assessments ...


How Reading Newspapers Influences The Literacy Leaming Of The African American Male Student, Debra Ann Joseph-Mcewen Jun 2012

How Reading Newspapers Influences The Literacy Leaming Of The African American Male Student, Debra Ann Joseph-Mcewen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of my research is to explore how, through conducting several literacy lessons, the use of newspapers influences the literacy learning of African American male students. My research questions are how does reading newspapers influence the literacy learning of African American male students? Through reading newspapers are African American male students able to make connections to them with regard to their life experiences? Does the reading of newspapers promote critical thinking in African American male students? The methods used to collect data for my research will be inclusive of field notes, audio tape recordings, observations and student work samples ...


Integrating Social Emotional Learning With English Language Arts: Creating Relevancy To Reading And Writing, Claire E. Bateman May 2012

Integrating Social Emotional Learning With English Language Arts: Creating Relevancy To Reading And Writing, Claire E. Bateman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In an era of ever-increasing demand for student achievement, with regard to standardized test scores and the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, and research conducted over the past two decades which has shown a direct correlation between the impact of social and emotional learning and academic performance, consideration of intentional approaches to curriculum development and implementation which incorporate aspects of social and emotional learning is warranted. Since literature offers an opportunity to discuss characters' pro- or anti-social behaviors and skills, as well as the way in which their feelings motivate their actions, the study of literature, and the ...


Through Grace And Grit: Northern Women's Contributions To The American Civil War, Amelia Luel Morgan May 2012

Through Grace And Grit: Northern Women's Contributions To The American Civil War, Amelia Luel Morgan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Women’s accomplishments have often been an undervalued if not forgotten part of the American Civil War. This research project discusses the role of Northern women in the war; not only the expected but also the unexpected roles they performed, some as diverse as nurse, spy, musician, and soldier. Women served on and near the battlefield, at home, in the city and countryside, dedicated to the war effort. This paper gives testament to their commitment and sacrifice. The first section of the project offers a historiography of several women as they crossed traditional gender boundaries and served alongside their male ...


Incorporating Literacy Props In Preschool Play, Andrea Guck May 2012

Incorporating Literacy Props In Preschool Play, Andrea Guck

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

During my initial observations of my classroom where I will be conducting my six-week study, I noticed that my preschoolers could be participating in more literacy-related activities as they play in the different centers. It is clear that the preschoolers are engaging in oral language, yet there are many other opportunities for literacy-based play that could be occurring. My goal for this study is to incorporate developmentally appropriate literacy activities into center-based play. I plan to spend six weeks observing in my preschool classroom where I will gather data in the form of observations, field notes, and interviews of preschool ...


Interest Books And Engagement In Reading, Stephanie Rufina Peckham May 2012

Interest Books And Engagement In Reading, Stephanie Rufina Peckham

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Interest plays an important role in a child's reading development. When a text appeals to a child's interest, that child is motivated to read more. The more children read the better readers they become. Teachers want students to read as often as possible. This will have a positive effect on a child's development. In order for students to be motivated to read, they must have an interest. When students reach preadolescence the desire and motivation to read tends to decrease. Once this occurs students begin to fall behind their classmates. Teachers need to foster the desire to ...


The Impact Of Fountas And Pinnell's Leveled Literacy Intervention (Lli) Program On Student Learning In A Multi-Age, Special Education Classroom, Leigh Anne Shaffer May 2012

The Impact Of Fountas And Pinnell's Leveled Literacy Intervention (Lli) Program On Student Learning In A Multi-Age, Special Education Classroom, Leigh Anne Shaffer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The primary purpose of this research was to investigate the impact Leveled Literacy Intervention (LLI) had on a multi-age, special education classroom. LLI can be used and is appropriate for students with special needs, English Language Learners and/or struggling students in regular education classrooms.

This research study was implemented in a multi-age, special education classroom. The students participating in the study were in grades 3, 4 or 5 during the study. The study lasted six weeks.

The data were collected using a variety of methods. Developmental Reading Assessments (DRA) were used twice in the study. Running records were taken ...


Conferring With Readers To Develop Reading Proficiency, Sandra Goettelman May 2012

Conferring With Readers To Develop Reading Proficiency, Sandra Goettelman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research study is to determine the ways in which reading conferences help students develop reading proficiency. Reading conferences are one to one work with a student in which instruction is individualized to support the reader and help to elevate the student to be able to flexibly call upon a number of strategies to problem solve. The research questions will focus on the ways in which students incorporate feedback on decoding, fluency, and comprehension in their oral reading. The degree to which the reading conference fosters independence for students will also be examined. In addition, the efficiency ...


Using Literature To Support Second Graders' Critical Literacy Of Civil Rights, Nicole M. Leo May 2012

Using Literature To Support Second Graders' Critical Literacy Of Civil Rights, Nicole M. Leo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to explore the use of children's literature to engage second grade students in critical literacy. I drew on multiple domains examining the use of children's literature in students' critical literacy development. I used data to analyze the kinds of perspectives children's literature provides, how students interpret different perspectives to solve their conflicts, and in what ways children's literature helps second graders act on issues that are important to them. The duration of the study was five weeks. An inquiry style of research was used. Data was collected through the use of field ...


Use Of Dialogue Joumals To Support Independent Reading In A Fourth Grade Classroom, Kylie Armstrong May 2012

Use Of Dialogue Joumals To Support Independent Reading In A Fourth Grade Classroom, Kylie Armstrong

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This was an inquiry-based research study exploring the impact of using dialogue journals to support independent reading within a fourth grade classroom. The research was qualitative in nature and featured multiple case studies. The overarching aim of this study was to investigate the following question: How does using a dialogue journal to support independent reading impact students' learning? The study sought to answer this question by exploring how writing in dialogue journals supports students' understanding of their independent reading, writing for a specific audience, and critical appreciation of books and reading attitude. Data collection included observations, interviews, and writing samples ...


The Importance Of Play In Early Childhood Education, Cristie R. Ellison May 2012

The Importance Of Play In Early Childhood Education, Cristie R. Ellison

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Play is “work” for young children and is understood to build necessary language and social skills and understanding. This thesis project, an analytic review, explores the subject of play within the early childhood classroom environment while considering both cognitive constructivism and social constructivism through the lens of Piaget and Vygotsky. The multiple purposes of the review were to gain a more complete understanding of the functions of play in the early childhood setting, emphasize the importance of play for children's intellectual, emotional and social growth, and to analyze a body of knowledge of developmental and cognitive theories pertaining to ...


A Look At Ability Grouping Vs. Cooperative Learning, Laura Martin May 2012

A Look At Ability Grouping Vs. Cooperative Learning, Laura Martin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In a continuous effort to improve teaching methods, research studies have been conducted to gain understanding with regard to grouping students. Multiple studies confirm that students who are grouped with others of the same ability level will most likely work at similar speeds. This allows educators the opportunity to utilize enrichment or remediation strategies where needed. Similarly, cooperative learning groups, where students work together to accomplish goals, is found to be a means by which students are encouraged to develop independent thinking and problem solving strategies, both important life skills. This thesis project explores several questions - What is the ideal ...


The Use Of Hands-On Comprehension Games In Literacy Development, Maria Prestigiacomo Apr 2012

The Use Of Hands-On Comprehension Games In Literacy Development, Maria Prestigiacomo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading comprehension is one of the most difficult components to teach. I have tried every resource my district has given me to help build comprehension skills and I have not seen a significant impact on the children’s learning. I investigated hands-on games and activities to see if they could help improve and build comprehension skills.

Many children in the twenty-first century are tactile learners and need hands-on activities. Keeping this in mind I researched and implemented hands-on games and activities for students in the fifth-grade to practice and reinforce their comprehension skills. I created, taught through guided practice, and ...


Down The Rabbit Hole: A Look At Integrating Classic Literature Into A Secondary Mathematics Curriculum, Adam E. Sokol Jan 2012

Down The Rabbit Hole: A Look At Integrating Classic Literature Into A Secondary Mathematics Curriculum, Adam E. Sokol

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The importance of mathematics and reading is paramount to the advancement of civilization. Research has shown that mathematics and reading, along with writing, have a strong correlation. The new Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in mathematics stress the importance of applying mathematical concepts to other subjects and real life. Interestingly, the mathematics and English curriculums have some objectives in common. Classic literature provides a unique context for mathematical concepts to be applied. Using classic literature to teach mathematics could allow students to engage in mathematics and literature more deeply. Example lessons and worksheets supported by research allow teachers to another ...


How Does Incorporating Multi-Sensory Approaches Into Literacy Instruction Influence The Literacy Development Of Preschoolers?, Jennifer Stonier Jan 2012

How Does Incorporating Multi-Sensory Approaches Into Literacy Instruction Influence The Literacy Development Of Preschoolers?, Jennifer Stonier

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

According to Marie Clay (2005), preschoolers know something about the world of print because of their environments. Viewing or experiencing environmental print, the print, symbols, and logos, which surrounds young children on a daily basis, is just one of the ways through which they start to understand that there is meaning behind a symbol or that print carries meaning. During this developmental stage, children are beginning to understand sound-symbol relationship (Pullen & Justice, 2003) and to associate sounds and letters with their name or with environmental print around them. They begin to manipulate those sounds to form sentences and express their ...