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2012

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Rti Implementation And Differentiation For Primary School English Language Learners, Shelly Sue Budziszewski Dec 2012

Rti Implementation And Differentiation For Primary School English Language Learners, Shelly Sue Budziszewski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper explores how one English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher assistant implemented RTI scripted ELA interventions at the primary (K–2) level. Using a variety of research analysis methods, the lesson plan record and detailed journal from the period in which the self-study was conducted were thoroughly analyzed. The analysis resulted in the identification of at what point I recognized a need for changes to the RTI plans for my ELL students, how specifically the RTI plans were modified to better accommodate my ELLs’ needs, and finally, what resulted from the modifications that I implemented. Through this self-study ...


How The Accelerated Reading Program Supports The Comprehension Development Of Struggling Readers, Emily A. Mclean Dec 2012

How The Accelerated Reading Program Supports The Comprehension Development Of Struggling Readers, Emily A. Mclean

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

When a student is identified as a struggling reader, it not only affects their literacy development but learning across all content areas as well. If this is not recognized early on, this problem can follow them throughout their entire life. This study looks closely at how the Accelerated Reading Program can support the comprehension development of struggling readers. Two focal students were chosen, both of whom were struggling readers. During this four week study, data were collected through field notes, observations, surveys and collecting work samples. Analyses of all the collected data show that the Accelerated Reading Program contains both ...


The Use Of Authentic Context To Foster Independent Learning In Science, Ignacy Urbanski Dec 2012

The Use Of Authentic Context To Foster Independent Learning In Science, Ignacy Urbanski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The research that led to this project demonstrated that relating learning to students’ lives outside of school helps students become more interested in the content. The research also stated that using language that students are more familiar with can assist with comprehension. This project was to create fictional stories for seventh grade science students that they could relate to. Twenty stories were created using non-fictional science that students would need to comprehend in order to answer content questions. Other content areas could create fictional stories so that students would by more engaged in the reading.


Geometry Curriculum For High School Students During A Summer School Program, Kyle E. Kucsmas Dec 2012

Geometry Curriculum For High School Students During A Summer School Program, Kyle E. Kucsmas

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This geometry curriculum project was designed to be used during a high school summer school credit recovery program. The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM), New York State (NYS) Learning Standards for Mathematics, Science, and Technology (MST), and the most recent addition of the Common Core Learning Standards (CCSL) harbor the foundations for each lesson. The curriculum presented will provide teachers with a condensed standards based instrument that can be utilized during a twenty-two day summer school geometry program which contains mathematical content, appropriate rigor, and opportunities for student growth. The curriculum is engaging, obtainable, cyclical, and diverse enough ...


Authentic Topics As Organizers For Instruction, Cassandra M. Moulton Dec 2012

Authentic Topics As Organizers For Instruction, Cassandra M. Moulton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Context based approaches including STS, STSE, and SSI instruction have the potential to promote student content knowledge, deepen student understanding of the nature of science tenants, strengthen student argumentation skills, and promote student motivation and interest in science. This capstone project is a compilation of forty meaningful, curriculum generated science topics, which can be used as a foundation for designing lessons that incorporate strategies to promote written or verbal argumentation in living environment courses. The topics were selected such that their implementation would not significantly disrupt the existing organization of science content within a district curriculum. The project demonstrates the ...


Student Attitudes Towards Writing And The Effects On Writing Progress, Kathryn A. Clark Dec 2012

Student Attitudes Towards Writing And The Effects On Writing Progress, Kathryn A. Clark

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

Attitude plays a large part in students’ literacy learning. Attitude affects motivation to learn and influences how students approach an academic task; in this case, writing. Self-efficacy, an aspect of attitude, is discussed as well. This study examined the relationship between students’ attitudes towards writing and their writing progress. Three first grade students from a private school in western New York were given a survey about attitudes towards writing, and three times they were observed writing in their classroom. Writing pieces were collected from each participant each week for six weeks and analyzed using a rubric. All of the ...


Multimodality In The Science Classroom: A Focus On Multimedia Representations And How Students Learn, Natalie Suflita Dec 2012

Multimodality In The Science Classroom: A Focus On Multimedia Representations And How Students Learn, Natalie Suflita

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The element of active student engagement is one crucial facet to effective pedagogy. The use of technology and other media in the classroom has been researched but the impact of its efficacy is still in question. The fusion of technology into students’ social lives is undeniably on the rise and this mode along with other complementary media has the potential to positively impact both student engagement and learning, as exposed here through the vehicle of science instruction.


The Decision And The Debate: Hiroshima And Nagasaki, Nick Tolleson Dec 2012

The Decision And The Debate: Hiroshima And Nagasaki, Nick Tolleson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis examines the historiography of why we dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. It continues with original research on Henry Stimson and Atomic Diplomacy, and concludes with the creation of several lesson plans for High School students, tied to specific NYS Social Studies Learning Standards.

The first lesson is designed to have students learn about the historical controversy surrounding the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Using critical thinking and analysis, they are to reflect upon what they know and feel about the bombings, analyze what the textbooks say about them, research the differing historical perspectives, and write ...


A Compilation Of Rubrics To Be Used In Chemistry To Emphasize Argumentative Writing In The Science Classroom, Rachel M. Coon Dec 2012

A Compilation Of Rubrics To Be Used In Chemistry To Emphasize Argumentative Writing In The Science Classroom, Rachel M. Coon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The new Common Core Standards for New York State and the Framework for K-12 Science Education Standards have a main focus on implementing argumentative writing into each content area. Some form of argumentative writing has always been used in the science curriculum through the creation of a lab report. However, an argumentative lab report must contain a counterclaim and specific sources of evidence to be considered a real argument.

An argument does not have to be as formal as a lab report. Arguments can be as informal as a journal article or a narrative story. As long as the main ...


Context Based Science Instruction, Hanna S. Panek Dec 2012

Context Based Science Instruction, Hanna S. Panek

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Pedagogical approach significantly impacts student learning. Context based science instruction transforms how students think and it is more important that giving students factual knowledge. In order to be successful, students need to be active participants in their learning process; therefore science educators should place a strong emphasis on inquiry-based learning. This project is collection of context-based chemistry activities and laboratories that span a time frame of at least one semester, and show clear connections between science learned in the classroom, daily life and society. Each activity and laboratory directly link to and include New York State curriculum standards.


Use Of Computer Technologies In Supporting 3rd Graders' Literacy Development, Nicole M. Pensgen Dec 2012

Use Of Computer Technologies In Supporting 3rd Graders' Literacy Development, Nicole M. Pensgen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Over the past decade school districts across the country have been trying to find ways to incorporate technology into the classroom. With the new initiatives of state and federal lawmakers, the push for this integration is greater now more than ever. As teachers across the nation try to fulfill this requirement, they are looking for ways to do this throughout the school day. Some of the ways educators are incorporating technology into their instruction is through the use of Internet websites and program software. While websites and programs seem like a wonderful idea to engage students in daily learning, there ...


A Comparison Of Homework Practices In An Adolescent Mathematics Classroom, Brian Paganin Dec 2012

A Comparison Of Homework Practices In An Adolescent Mathematics Classroom, Brian Paganin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Homework is an integral part of any successful classroom. It is important for educators to be cognizant of which homework practice will be most effective and efficient for their students. This allows the educator to make better decisions regarding other aspects of their classroom including planning, pacing, and curriculum, among other things. This project compares two different homework practices employed in an adolescent mathematics classroom. While there is no significant difference in performance for either method, the benefits of both are discussed.


A Compilation Of Literacy Strategies To Be Used In Science And Earth Science Units, Robert J. Atkinson Jr Dec 2012

A Compilation Of Literacy Strategies To Be Used In Science And Earth Science Units, Robert J. Atkinson Jr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today in Education, reform and change have taken a center stage above all else to ensure that students are receiving the most beneficial education possible. With these changes come new Common Core Standards focused on making students more college and career ready when they graduate high school. This project tackles that problem, and presents many literacy strategies that can be used in the science classroom to make students more college and career ready through science. The project highlights many units of science, and breaks down the units into meaningful pieces. The content standards and common core standards, objectives, essential questions ...


Alternative Strategies For Teaching Mathematics, Nathan D. Moore Dec 2012

Alternative Strategies For Teaching Mathematics, Nathan D. Moore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Underachievement in mathematics is an ongoing issue in schools across America. Many students, beginning at the elementary level, are not motivated in mathematics and perform poorly. Part of the reason for this problem may be due to poor attitudes towards mathematics and poor teaching strategies in mathematics. In order to begin to remedy this problem of poor mathematics motivation and achievement, elementary teachers need to be aware and implement the best teaching practices. Research validates the best teaching practices of games, use of manipulatives, real life application, differentiated instruction, and integrating technology into mathematics instruction.

Once aware of the best ...


Handbook Of Teaching And Learning: A Theoretical And Practical Review Of The Literature On Modern And Recent Theories Of Learning, Glen D. Wallace Dec 2012

Handbook Of Teaching And Learning: A Theoretical And Practical Review Of The Literature On Modern And Recent Theories Of Learning, Glen D. Wallace

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Learning and teaching are two interrelated processes that are of primary concern to educators. This project begins with a thorough investigation of the foremost modern educational theories that seek to explain the process of teaching and learning. The second section examines landmark educational theories which contribute to the modern understanding of teaching and learning. Finally, the project explores some practical instructional activities that have been developed out of the more theoretical research.


Meaningful Use Of Animation And Simulation In The Science Classroom, Kevin T. Swain Dec 2012

Meaningful Use Of Animation And Simulation In The Science Classroom, Kevin T. Swain

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Science classes should place a strong emphasis on incorporating educational technologies, such as animations, interactive computer programs and various other technologies into the classroom. The use of animations and computer based simulations throughout instruction increases student understanding and achievement (Rosen, 2009). The use of educational technology in the science classroom, not only helps with student understanding of content, but also positively impacts students’ engagement in lessons and their attitudes towards learning (Shu-Nu, Yau-Yuen & May, 2009).

Studies have shown that instruction in a science classroom should incorporate students being actively engaged in the material in order for maximum achievement to occur ...


Attitudes, Beliefs, And Perceptions Of College Level Students, Lindsay C. Weise Dec 2012

Attitudes, Beliefs, And Perceptions Of College Level Students, Lindsay C. Weise

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research is to examine the attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions of college level students enrolled in an algebra course at the community college level. A survey was given to measure mathematical attitudes, beliefs, and math anxiety. Significant findings were found when looking at the difference in prior mathematics courses, repeating college algebra, enrollment status, gender, and age. By identifying the preconceived notions and beliefs that students have about mathematics and their academic ability, a teacher can use this knowledge to better meet the needs of students.


Semiotics In Education, Charles Duncan Arney Dec 2012

Semiotics In Education, Charles Duncan Arney

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Symbols have been with us for as long as we can look back into human history. From early cave paintings to modern traffic signs, symbols have always been a part of our everyday life. This master thesis begins with a thorough historical outline on semiotics beginning with the ancient Greek philosopher Hippocrates, and working up to modern times. The thesis then continues to look at ethnic groups as portrayed in political cartoons throughout the ages. The author found that Irish, African American, Chinese, and Native American were all overwhelmingly depicted negatively, with images of being violent and primitive. However, Protestant ...


Corporal Punishment: Schools Ask, "Spare The Rod Or Use It?", Erin L. Yaworski Dec 2012

Corporal Punishment: Schools Ask, "Spare The Rod Or Use It?", Erin L. Yaworski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Throughout the United States, classrooms have been dealing with a steady change of disciplinary options over the years. Our students have dealt with various ramifications for unwanted behavior and corporal punishment is a constant tool thrown in to the mix. In order to discover if the use of corporal punishment in the classroom is effective, I performed an extensive literature review of 23 articles. After analyzing the data that was collected, I have learned that there are multiple effects that shadow the use the corporal punishment in our classrooms.


Mathematics Curriculum Revised To Align To Common Core State Standards, Ashley Redino Dec 2012

Mathematics Curriculum Revised To Align To Common Core State Standards, Ashley Redino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) are the first set of national standards issued in the United States. Currently, all states are in the transition from implementing individual state standards to CCSS in ELA and mathematics. As the CCSS are being introduced and implemented into classrooms, educators are struggling to update or modify their current unit, based on the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standards, to align with the new national standards. This research provides an explanation of the changes that will occur due to the CCSS in a seventh grade probability and statistics unit. An updated unit ...


Developing Epistemological Values In Students Using Microsoft Excel(R) As A Software-Based Support Tool, David L. Peck Dec 2012

Developing Epistemological Values In Students Using Microsoft Excel(R) As A Software-Based Support Tool, David L. Peck

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project addresses student epistemological values through technology and independent laboratories. The literature provides evidence that students show greater learning when they are prompted to reflect and develop these epistemological values (Davis, 2003 Demetriadis et al., 2011; Edelson & Kyza, 2005; Reiser & Sandoval, 2004). Furthermore, in conjunctions with research that supports prompting, other research advocates for the development and use of more modern technologies (Edelson & Kyza, 2005; Keengwe et al., 2008; Kuhn, 2001; Maddux, 1998). As such, my culmination project consists of two virtual “lab notebooks.” These notebooks are made using Microsoft Excel® and consist of several quasi-intelligent macros that not only provide instant feedback, but also help guide students through the experimental process in a way akin to inquiry. While a completed series of these notebooks ...


Electronic Books And Emergent Literacy Development, Joseph G. Juzwiak Dec 2012

Electronic Books And Emergent Literacy Development, Joseph G. Juzwiak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As we move further into the 21st century and beyond, the push to integrate technology into classrooms is becoming ever more apparent. Government is now moving towards making this integration a requirement through state and nationwide initiatives. As teachers scramble to become familiar with new and improved technological resources, many are turning to electronic books (e-Books) to meet their needs. While e-Books seem to be a logical source as they are essentially electronic versions of the paperback texts we already know and love, there seems to be a growing concern amongst researchers in the field as to their effectiveness ...


A Curriculum Project On Quadratics Aligned To The Common Core State Standards, Donovan J. Daily Oct 2012

A Curriculum Project On Quadratics Aligned To The Common Core State Standards, Donovan J. Daily

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project illustrates a process of designing curriculum for the study of quadratics in Algebra 1, in alignment with the Common Core State Standards in mathematics. The process incorporates the body of research on student conceptions of quadratics and available techniques and technologies for the enhancement of student conceptions. The Algebra 1 course trajectory recommended by the Common Core is analyzed in light of the existing research, unpacked into learning objectives, and restructured to address key conceptual roadblocks synthesized from the research. The resulting curriculum capitalizes on technology, rich problem contexts, and students’ prior knowledge of linear relationships in order ...


Pairing And Comparing In The Middle School Mathematics Classroom, Elizabeth A. Clark Oct 2012

Pairing And Comparing In The Middle School Mathematics Classroom, Elizabeth A. Clark

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to examine the effects of cooperative learning in the middle school mathematics classroom. This action research project seeks to answer the question of does cooperative learning improve academic performance of middle school mathematics students. The study took place in two parallel middle school mathematics classrooms in a district of New York’s Southern Tier. There was an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group participated in a pair and compare teaching strategy following daily independent practice of the day’s lesson, as well as an open ended group task. The control group did not ...


Checking Middle School Mathematics Assignments For Completion, Kara K. Utegg Oct 2012

Checking Middle School Mathematics Assignments For Completion, Kara K. Utegg

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

“Checking Middle School Mathematics Assignments for Completion versus Collecting and giving Individual Feedback” is a thesis paper about the effectiveness of two different teacher methods of checking and assessing their student’s homework. The first method of checking is looking for completion of the assignment and the second method included collecting homework and writing individual feedback on the assignment and returning it to the students the following day. This research involved a suburban seventh grade mathematics classroom. It was determined, for this environment, that collecting and commenting on homework significantly increased student quiz performance scores.


What’S The Deal With Junie?: Responses From Second And Third Graders To Junie B. Jones, Sarah C. Hull Oct 2012

What’S The Deal With Junie?: Responses From Second And Third Graders To Junie B. Jones, Sarah C. Hull

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examined what children noticed from the Junie B. Jones popular culture series through the use of a book club. The two books read were Junie B. Jones Is Not a Crook (Park, 1997) and Cheater Pants (Park, 2003). Semi-structured and open-ended questions were utilized to gather data. Then, the participants collaboratively created a script based on one of the books. All six sessions were videotaped so that I could review them for accurate data collection.

The children shared many comments throughout the sessions. Generally, the comments indicated that Junie’s language did not always sound “right,” and the ...


Strategies And Interventions For Increasing Homework Completion And Accuracy, Matthew Bonawitz Aug 2012

Strategies And Interventions For Increasing Homework Completion And Accuracy, Matthew Bonawitz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This four part thesis contains:

  1. Analytic review of literature of the work of a number of authors and researchers who discuss strategies and interventions aimed at improving students' homework completion and accuracy rates.
  2. Discussion of the specific roles that students, parents, and families play and the contributions of teachers when it comes to homework. It will discuss a variety of ways that teachers can encourage students to complete their homework and do so with accuracy.
  3. A discussion of the implications for teachers including the pros and cons of several interventions.
  4. The limitations of the review and several recommendations for future ...


The Effect Of Play On The Literacy Development Of Students With Severe Disabilities, Lindsay Marie Kelly Aug 2012

The Effect Of Play On The Literacy Development Of Students With Severe Disabilities, Lindsay Marie Kelly

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this six week study was to better determine how my students with severe disabilities and I could use play-based literacy activities to achieve their literacy goals and support their literacy development. I designed this study specifically to target three students' individual needs and interests to see how play activities might help them advance in their learning. Conducting this study has helped me notice the positive effects that play-based literacy activities can have on student learning and literacy development.

The experience of researching a topic that is relevant to my teaching practices and one that I find directly ...


An Exploration Of How Three Elementary Teachers Use Questions To Support Their Students' Literacy Development, Megan Zarzycki Aug 2012

An Exploration Of How Three Elementary Teachers Use Questions To Support Their Students' Literacy Development, Megan Zarzycki

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The teacher's use of quality questions is important because the questions provide opportunities for students to critically think and ponder new information (Hunkins, 1989). The use of quality questions can elicit higher-level thinking, which allows students to think beyond the text in order to examine the texts (Dantonio, 1990; Morgan & Saxton, 2006; Walsh & Sattes, 2005). A teacher's use of quality questions not only provides opportunities for students to engage in higher level thinking but also, provides a scaffold for further learning (Walsh & Sattes, 2005).

When teachers' ask quality questions to their students, the questions give students a model of what types of questions they can ask themselves while reading. The use of questions are a way for students to stay engaged in the content and help them organize their thoughts to communicate clearly about what is being asked (Dantonio, 1990; Morgan & Saxton, 2006; Walsh & Sattes, 2005).

Collecting observations and interviews with the three classroom teachers enabled me to see how purposeful questions can enhance student learning. The interviews gave me a chance to communicate with the teachers to understand their thought processes in terms of how they use questions, which ...


A Kindergarten Teacher's Exploration Of Independent Learning Activities, Nicole A. Vaughn Aug 2012

A Kindergarten Teacher's Exploration Of Independent Learning Activities, Nicole A. Vaughn

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The focus of this thesis project was to gain insight and understanding of the types of independent learning activities that are developmentally appropriate and meaningful for kindergarten students during a guided reading ELA block and to discover ways to engage students in independent literacy activities that extend and enhance their literacy development. In the study, the following questions were addressed - How are independent learning activities developmentally appropriate for kindergartners to promote literacy development? What types of independent learning activities promote the literacy development of kindergartners? Throughout this six week study a qualitative research design was utilized. The teacher-researcher, created the ...