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2011

Western University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 79

Full-Text Articles in Education

A Critical Analysis Of The Factors That Promote And Support Leadership And Advocacy For People With Lived Experience With Mental Health Problems Or Illness., Kathryn L. Storey Dec 2011

A Critical Analysis Of The Factors That Promote And Support Leadership And Advocacy For People With Lived Experience With Mental Health Problems Or Illness., Kathryn L. Storey

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

ABSTRACT

Our ways of thinking and acting are complex. Personal and social influences mediate who we are and what we believe. This is particularly true for people who have personal lived experience with mental health problems or illnesses. While mental illness can result in challenges with living, ironically, the challenges increase when people use medical or clinical services. Many people who speak out about their experience describe themselves as “survivors”. Yet, these same experiences with the care system effectively inform and evoke leadership and advocacy.

A growing number of survivors recognize that it is important to use their experience to ...


Students' Experiences Within A Community-Based Orchestral Music Education Program: A Phenomenological Exploration, Leigh C. Walter Dec 2011

Students' Experiences Within A Community-Based Orchestral Music Education Program: A Phenomenological Exploration, Leigh C. Walter

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Phenomenology was used to explore eighteen students’ experiences of participating within a community-based orchestral music education program with the aim of gaining understanding of experiences that may enter into the continuance of musical instruction. Interpretive analysis of audiotapes of in-depth interviews revealed three themes which together captured students’ holistic experience of being in a community-based orchestral music education program: (1) contextual factors facilitating/impeding progress; (2) enacting progression; and (3) experiencing the process of participating in the program. Findings revealed the importance of instructor feedback, students’ perceived necessity of striving, and students’ subjective feelings of participating in the program to ...


Teacher Perceptions Of Strategies For Improving Esol Students’ Academic English Skills: A K-12 Perspective, Jinyan Huang, Alexis Smith, R. Michael Smith Dec 2011

Teacher Perceptions Of Strategies For Improving Esol Students’ Academic English Skills: A K-12 Perspective, Jinyan Huang, Alexis Smith, R. Michael Smith

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

This study investigates five North American K-12 classroom teachers’ perceptions of ESOL students’ challenges in academic English skills and strategies for improving ESOL students’ academic English skills. Seven distinct areas of interest emerged from the five interviews: 1) ranking of importance of academic listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills; 2) challenges that ESOL students face in the classroom; 3) strategies to help ESOL students in academic listening; 4) strategies to help ESOL students in academic speaking; 5) strategies to help ESOL students in academic reading; 6) strategies to help ESOL students in academic writing; and 7) strategies to assist ESOL ...


Shifting Aims Of Aid To Education, Christian M. Dasilva Dec 2011

Shifting Aims Of Aid To Education, Christian M. Dasilva

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

This paper examines the profound and steady influence of aid and aid modalities on the education agenda in Africa and argues that, ultimately, the broader intent of Education for All as advocated at Jomtien and Dakar was narrowed to an almost singular focus on Universal Primary Education. This narrowing phenomenon is attributed to donor obsession with targets and comes at the expense of true ownership while compromising quality and upstream linkages in the education systems of Tanzania and other African countries. The paper concludes with some of the lessons learned and possible future orientations of aid to education for development ...


Cie Journal/Revue Eci 2011 Referees/Evaluateurs Dec 2011

Cie Journal/Revue Eci 2011 Referees/Evaluateurs

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

No abstract provided.


Editor's Notes And Front Matter, Suzanne Majhanovich Dec 2011

Editor's Notes And Front Matter, Suzanne Majhanovich

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

No abstract provided.


What Is Really New In The “New” Urban Environment?, Nombuso Dlamini, Natalie Davey, Audrey Hudson, Samuel Tecle Dec 2011

What Is Really New In The “New” Urban Environment?, Nombuso Dlamini, Natalie Davey, Audrey Hudson, Samuel Tecle

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

Established in 2009, The Jean Augustine Chair in Education in the New Urban Environment presented the learning community opportunity to define new urbanism through debates, conversations and other learning encounters. As the inaugural chair, Dlamini began conversations with faculty, students and community in order to unpack the meaning of the new urban environment and its associated characteristics and encounters. This article follows ongoing conversations between, Dlamini and three graduate students from her urban education class, which tackled these and many other questions throughout the course. Following the seminar, we find ourselves continually questioning what is meant by new and if ...


L’ÉDucation À La ToléRance Dans Les Programmes D’ÉTudes En Vigueur Au QuéBec, Simon Lavoie, France Jutras Dec 2011

L’ÉDucation À La ToléRance Dans Les Programmes D’ÉTudes En Vigueur Au QuéBec, Simon Lavoie, France Jutras

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

Le contexte social actuel caractérisé par un pluralisme culturel grandissant interpelle directement l’école comme lieu de socialisation et nous renvoie nécessairement à la place de la tolérance dans notre accueil de la diversité. Or, est-ce que la tolérance fait partie des intentions éducatives du Québec? Où en retrouve-t-on des traces? Notre objectif est de relever et d’analyser les différents éléments présents à l’intérieur des programmes de formation québécois qui ouvrent la voie à l’éducation à la tolérance, en nous attardant ...


English Education In Italy: Perceptions Of Teachers And Professors Of English, Farahnaz Faez Dec 2011

English Education In Italy: Perceptions Of Teachers And Professors Of English, Farahnaz Faez

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

This paper examines the growing impact of English in Italy and in the Italian education system. The analysis focuses on issues of educational policy and practice and addresses discrepancies that exist across these areas with regards to English proficiency and use among Italians. The first part of the paper examines English dominance in non-Anglo countries, the education system in Italy and foreign language policy initiatives of the European Union that impact language policy and practice in Italy. The second part of the paper reports on findings of a survey completed by high school teachers and professors of English as well ...


Teacher Candidates’ Perceptions Of An International Practicum Experience In Italian Schools: Benefits Of A Short-Term Placement With Faculty Support, Maria Cantalini-Williams, Mary Lynn Tessaro Dec 2011

Teacher Candidates’ Perceptions Of An International Practicum Experience In Italian Schools: Benefits Of A Short-Term Placement With Faculty Support, Maria Cantalini-Williams, Mary Lynn Tessaro

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

This study examines the perceptions of teacher candidates (student teachers) participating in a faculty-supervised, international teaching placement in Italian schools. Survey responses and journal reflections, supported by faculty field notes indicate that the benefits could be categorized in four main areas such as: the development of resourcefulness and resilience; increased familiarity with the conditions of international teaching employment; a greater awareness of cultural literacy and comparative education; and an enhancement of language sensitivities and strategies for communicating and teaching. Recommendations suggest that professional growth of the teacher candidates is dependent on sufficient preparation, faculty support and immersion in the experience ...


Book Reviews Dec 2011

Book Reviews

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

No abstract provided.


Interplay Of Masculinity And Schooling In Rural Zimbabwe, Alfred Masinire Oct 2011

Interplay Of Masculinity And Schooling In Rural Zimbabwe, Alfred Masinire

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis investigates the interplay of masculinity and schooling in postcolonial rural Zimbabwe, which has been affected by both local influences that have antecedents in colonization and by the external, current forces of globalization.

By focusing on the construction of masculinities, this study contributes to a deeper understanding of the complicated relations between boys, girls and implications on schooling. This is significant because much research on gender in Zimbabwe has excluded boys’ experiences and how they are implicated in unequal and unjust gender relations.

A partial ethnographic study methodology was employed and in-depth interviews, informal conversations and observations with ten ...


Western Guide To Professional Master's Programs, Gloria J. Leckie Sep 2011

Western Guide To Professional Master's Programs, Gloria J. Leckie

Purple Guides

This guide is a resource for departments that plan to introduce new Professional Master's (PMA) or Professional Science Master's (PSM) degrees. The guide provides examples of existing programs, describes key criteria that new PSM programs need to meet, reviews issues in the development of new programs, and discusses the types of competencies professional programs promote in order to help their graduates compete on the job market.


Practices Adopted By Parents Of Children With Dysphasia In Inclusive Primary School, France Beauregard Sep 2011

Practices Adopted By Parents Of Children With Dysphasia In Inclusive Primary School, France Beauregard

Exceptionality Education International

Parental involvement is essential in the context of inclusive schooling; how-ever, few studies have looked at how parents of children with disabilities become involved in their child’s school experience. This study explored the practices adopted by parents of children with dysphasia when their children were integrated into inclusive classes in primary school. Eleven parents took part in semi-structured interviews. Epstein’s typology was used to classify the practices that emerged from their responses. The results showed that these practices were interdependent. The intentions underlying any one practice can differ depending on the parents, just as any one intention can ...


Table Of Contents, Editor Editor Sep 2011

Table Of Contents, Editor Editor

Exceptionality Education International

No abstract provided.


Bullying And Victimization Among Students In Special Education And General Education Curricula, Chad A. Rose, Dorthy L. Espelage, Steven R. Aragon, John Elliott Sep 2011

Bullying And Victimization Among Students In Special Education And General Education Curricula, Chad A. Rose, Dorthy L. Espelage, Steven R. Aragon, John Elliott

Exceptionality Education International

International research established over a decade ago that students who are en-rolled in special education curricula are victimized and perpetrate more bullying than their general education peers. However, few empirical studies have exam-ined bullying rates among American schoolchildren who receive special education services. In the current study, a sample of middle school students (n = 1009) enrolled in general and special education programs completed the Univer-sity of Illinois bullying, fighting, and victimization scales. As hypothesized, students with disabilities reported higher rates of victimization and fighting be-haviours than students without disabilities. Conversely, students with disabilities and their general education peers reported similar ...


The Relevance Of Cultural Sensitivity In Early Intervention, Emily Gardiner, Carmel French Sep 2011

The Relevance Of Cultural Sensitivity In Early Intervention, Emily Gardiner, Carmel French

Exceptionality Education International

This research utilized a blend of quantitative and qualitative research designs to explore the perceptions held by early interventionists regarding family-centred care, cultural diversity, and cultural sensitivity. The Executive Directors (N = 11) of early intervention programs in Nova Scotia completed the Cultural Diversity in Early Intervention Survey. Early intervention professionals (N = 10) employed in two urban programs were interviewed. Participants were asked to discuss their interpretations of family-centred care and cultural sensitivity, and to highlight any associated areas of challenge. Results demonstrated that for the most part, participants had excellent conceptual understandings of early intervention and family-centred care. Their descriptions ...


The Sentiments, Attitudes, And Concerns About Inclusive Education Revised (Sacie-R) Scale For Measuring Pre-Service Teachers’ Perceptions About Inclusion, Chris Forlin, Chris Earle, Tim Loreman, Umesh Sharma Sep 2011

The Sentiments, Attitudes, And Concerns About Inclusive Education Revised (Sacie-R) Scale For Measuring Pre-Service Teachers’ Perceptions About Inclusion, Chris Forlin, Chris Earle, Tim Loreman, Umesh Sharma

Exceptionality Education International

This paper reports the final development of a scale to measure pre-service teachers’ perceptions in three constructs of inclusive education, namely, sentiments or comfort levels when engaging with people with disabilities; acceptance of learners with different needs; and concerns about implementing inclusion. The Sentiments, Attitudes, and Concerns about Inclusive Education Revised (SACIE-R) scale was developed from an initial 60 items and administered through a series of refined surveys. A final 15-item scale was validated using 542 pre-service teachers from nine institutions in four countries including Hong Kong, Canada, India, and the United States. It is posited that the SACIE-R scale ...


Considering Coherence: Teacher Perceptions Of The Competing Agendas Of Rti And An Existing Special Education Model, Angela Pyle Sep 2011

Considering Coherence: Teacher Perceptions Of The Competing Agendas Of Rti And An Existing Special Education Model, Angela Pyle

Exceptionality Education International

In 2005, the Ontario Ministry of Education introduced Responsiveness to Inter-vention (RTI) to the Ontario school system. RTI is a tiered approach involving increasing levels of support for students who are at risk for later learning difficul-ties. However, the introduction of this different support structure was not accompanied by a substantial shift in Ontario’s process of identifying and sup-porting struggling students. This paper uses focus group data to describe the perspectives of teachers who participated in the implementation of RTI and the tensions they experienced due to the lack of coherence between RTI and a special education framework where ...


Rapport Aux Savoirs Des Étudiantes Moutahajibâte Françaises, Amina Triki-Yamani Sep 2011

Rapport Aux Savoirs Des Étudiantes Moutahajibâte Françaises, Amina Triki-Yamani

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

Cet article propose une synthèse des résultats principaux d’une recherche doctorale portant sur le rapport aux savoirs d’étudiantes françaises musulmanes, d’origine maghrébine, vivant en France, et dont la particularité est de porter le hijâb et de fréquenter régulièrement la mosquée. Dans un premier temps, en retraçant les stratégies identitaires de dix-sept étudiantes moutahajibâte, on a tenté de comprendre comment l’adoption de « la stratégie du retournement du stigmate » par ces jeunes femmes accentue leur rapport conflictuel aux savoirs laïques. Dans un second temps, on a exploré les fonctions psychiques du hijâb permettant de réajuster le « Moi-peau » chez ...


Editor's Notes And Front Matter, Suzanne Majhanovich Sep 2011

Editor's Notes And Front Matter, Suzanne Majhanovich

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

No abstract provided.


Integrating Young People Of Different Religious And Ethnic Backgrounds In Our Schools, Ratna Ghosh, Denise Lussier, Gretta Chambers Sep 2011

Integrating Young People Of Different Religious And Ethnic Backgrounds In Our Schools, Ratna Ghosh, Denise Lussier, Gretta Chambers

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

No abstract provided.


Re-Bordering Immigrant And Refugee Identities In Quebec’S Multicultural Society: The Case Of South Asian (Sa) Youth, Ratna Ghosh, Jaswant Guzder Sep 2011

Re-Bordering Immigrant And Refugee Identities In Quebec’S Multicultural Society: The Case Of South Asian (Sa) Youth, Ratna Ghosh, Jaswant Guzder

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

Re-bordering is an aspect of globalization. Borders have become impervious to national, political and even cultural boundaries. All regions of the world are permeable to political, economic, cultural, social, environmental and epidemic factors. People’s identities and identifications are no longer seen as being stable and fixed, but rather- they are constantly in a state of flux.

Canada is a country of immigrants and the last census (2006) put the number of visible minority people at 16.20% of a population of nearly 34 million people (Statistics Canada, 2007). Canada is known as a country with a broad immigration policy ...


Language, Thought And Culture: Links To Intercultural Communicative Competence, Denise Lussier Sep 2011

Language, Thought And Culture: Links To Intercultural Communicative Competence, Denise Lussier

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

We live in a world where many countries are at war, where religious and ethnic conflicts tend to intensify in spite of sustained effort from governments and inter-governments, where solitudes and tensions between linguistic communities still prevail. In a context where geo-political interests predominate, how do we view cultural and intercultural issues? How can we promote values and attitudes that recognize experiences of diversity and openness to other cultures? Can institutions such as schools and universities promote social cohesion through education?

These issues are essential to mankind but they have to be looked upon with logical coherence.This article reviews ...


Identity Construct Of Adult Immigrants Learning French In Montreal, Valérie Amireault Sep 2011

Identity Construct Of Adult Immigrants Learning French In Montreal, Valérie Amireault

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

This article presents the highlights of a study about the cultural identity of adult immigrants from various ethnic backgrounds learning French in Montreal. This empirical study uses quantitative and qualitative survey instruments in order to examine the different elements characterizing the redefinition of these newcomers’ cultural identity. Findings suggest that participants experience a "me-them" cultural duality referring to ahybrid identification. They feel as if they are in a cultural in-between within which they change and evolve while trying to alter their own identity when in contact with their host society and a new language. While newcomers are aware of being ...


Religious Diversity: Models Of Inclusion For Schools In England, Julia Ipgrave Sep 2011

Religious Diversity: Models Of Inclusion For Schools In England, Julia Ipgrave

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

This paper discusses two educational and religious incidents featured in the British press in recent few years. The first refers to a pupil who took her school to court claiming she had been excluded from school for wearing the jilbab (full length coat-like garment). The second incident relates to the issue raised by Michael Reiss as to whether when questions of Creationism and intelligent design are raised by pupils in science lessons, it would be appropriate for the science teacher to discuss them with those pupils rather than dismiss Creationism.

In Britain, Asian and white British youth often live ‘parallel ...


Children As The Symptom Bearers: Supporting South Asian Families Through School Interventions, Jaswant Guzder Sep 2011

Children As The Symptom Bearers: Supporting South Asian Families Through School Interventions, Jaswant Guzder

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

This paper will focus on the interface of school, children, families and mental health support for South Asian immigrant children and adolescents in a Quebec context. South Asian students have often been considered a model minority with strong educational achievement. South Asian culture inherently has both protective factors and dissonances with mainstream culture, which often places a burden of cultural negotiation on children and youth. A few clinical vignettes will outline some of the complexities of the ethical, identity, social and mental health agendas that are vital to a discourse on the school as a factor in these negotiations of ...


The Role Of The Quebec English School Boards Association In The Context Of Diversity And Critical Issues In Education, David Birnbaum Sep 2011

The Role Of The Quebec English School Boards Association In The Context Of Diversity And Critical Issues In Education, David Birnbaum

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

No abstract provided.


General Education Elementary Teachers' Perceptions Of Developing "Interventionist" Beliefs And Practices, Michelle Pompeo Aug 2011

General Education Elementary Teachers' Perceptions Of Developing "Interventionist" Beliefs And Practices, Michelle Pompeo

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis investigates how “Interventionist”, “general education” (GEN) teachers, (or “core” teachers, as opposed to special educators) in the elementary stream, in Ontario, have learned inclusive beliefs and practices that have been considered effective for teaching and including children with exceptionalities in their classrooms. 10 GEN elementary teachers, consisting of 3 men and 7 women, from 2 local school boards, were interviewed to determine if they were “Interventionist” (Stanovich & Jordan, 1998). From this sample, 6 GEN teachers; 2 men and 4 women, were found to be “Interventionist”. Classroom observations and follow-up interviews were used to gain insight into the development of their beliefs and teaching practices. Effective teacher ...


Theory As A Second Story: Extending A Tale, Cathy Benedict Aug 2011

Theory As A Second Story: Extending A Tale, Cathy Benedict

Music Education Publications

No abstract provided.