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Full-Text Articles in Education

Uni-Start: A Peer-Led Orientation Activity Designed For The Early And Timely Engagement Of Commencing University Students, Sarah E. O' Shea Dr, Michelle Vincent Nov 2011

Uni-Start: A Peer-Led Orientation Activity Designed For The Early And Timely Engagement Of Commencing University Students, Sarah E. O' Shea Dr, Michelle Vincent

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Universities have both social and cultural contexts, and new students need to participate effectively in both in order to succeed in this environment. With ever increasing numbers of students and the diversity of the contemporary university population, institutions have to consider innovative ways to effectively engage individuals. In terms of supporting students, there is a need to be more proactive, initiating structures of support that reach out to students rather than an often implicit expectation that the learners themselves will take the initiative and seek out support individually. This article reflects on one approach to supporting diverse student populations that ...


Turning The Switch On! The Teachers’ Ability To Influence Student Motivation In Physical Education, Dana Perlman, Philip J. Pearson, Kim Mckeen, Gregory J. Forrest Jan 2011

Turning The Switch On! The Teachers’ Ability To Influence Student Motivation In Physical Education, Dana Perlman, Philip J. Pearson, Kim Mckeen, Gregory J. Forrest

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Student motivation is an area of importance in physical education due to the association with enhanced levels of effort, participation and aspects of learning (Tjeerdsma-Blankenship, 2008; Chen, 2001). Physical education specialists are routinely challenged by students who demonstrate behaviours indicative of low levels of motivation, such as high rates of absenteeism and severely low levels of active participation within the class setting (Ntoumanis, Peensgaard, Martin & Pipe, 2004). Bryan and Solmon (2007) indicate that the teacher is a primary driver for the development and implementation of experiences that support and/or thwart student motivation. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a motivational intervention on 27 pre-service physical education teacher’s (PTs) abilities to develop and implement motivational instruction during a practicum field experience. Motivation and related intervention within this study was grounded in achievement goal theory (AGT); whereby students are motivated when engaged in an educational context that is supportive of their perceptions of competence. Data were collected from PTs narrative lesson plans and actual teaching episodes during the practicum using a ...


Conducting Ethical Research, Jan Wright, Gabrielle O’Flynn Jan 2011

Conducting Ethical Research, Jan Wright, Gabrielle O’Flynn

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

The year 5 children erupted into the room with its strange machines and people. Fitness testing! Eyes alighted on scales, lung capacity tester .., exercise bikes, benches, and before teachers organized queues, the boys were blowing, poking, questioning, pushing. The girls tended to huddle apprehensive, eyeing each other … Perhaps one was viewing them through pre-programmed eyes but most of the boys seemed boisterously competitive , while the girls were more hesitant, even anxious, with some reluctance to try hard … In no other test were the differences more noticeable that in the simple weighing of the children. The boys seemed either indifferent, with ...


Are We Exacerbating Students' Learning Disabilities? An Investigation Of Preservice Teachers' Attributions Of The Educational Outcomes Of Students With Learning Disabilities, Wilhelmina J. Vialle, Stuart Woodcock Jan 2011

Are We Exacerbating Students' Learning Disabilities? An Investigation Of Preservice Teachers' Attributions Of The Educational Outcomes Of Students With Learning Disabilities, Wilhelmina J. Vialle, Stuart Woodcock

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

While claims of the importance of attribution theory and teachers’ expectations of students for student performance are repeatedly made, there is little comprehensive research identifying the perceptions preservice teachers have of students with learning disabilities (LD). Accordingly, 444 Australian preservice primary school teachers were surveyed using vignettes and Likert-scale questions, to ascertain their responses to students with and without LD. It was found that preservice primary school general education teachers held a negative attribution style towards students with LD. Preservice primary teachers perceived students with LD as lacking ability in comparison to others in the class. Recommendations for research and ...


Educacion Corporal En Australia: 1870-1910, Jan Wright Jan 2011

Educacion Corporal En Australia: 1870-1910, Jan Wright

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Reading through the keys texts on the history of education in Australia one would easily be persuaded to the absence of any form of formal physical education in schools. Drills and even the cadet movement receive scarcely a mention in key texts covering the period such as Barcan’s various histories of education in NSW and Australia (Barcan 1980, 1988), in Smith and Spaull’s (1925) History of Education in NSW and Theobold and Selleck’s (1990) collection Family School and State in Australian History. In one sense these point to what has always been obvious to physical educators, that ...


Incorporating Tgfu Into A Bachelor Of Physical And Health Education Degree At An Australian University, Philip J. Pearson, Paul I. Webb Jan 2011

Incorporating Tgfu Into A Bachelor Of Physical And Health Education Degree At An Australian University, Philip J. Pearson, Paul I. Webb

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Pearson and Webb (2010) investigated whether Physical Educators in NSW schools had adopted the TGfU approach to the teaching of games in their classes. Forty PDHPE teachers were surveyed with questionnaires and focus group interviews to determine their knowledge and understanding of TGfU and the extent to which they had incorporated TGfU into their teaching of games in Years 7 to 10. Fifty third-year Physical and Health Education pre-service teachers were also surveyed after completing their Professional Experience in the schools of the teachers surveyed. The pre-service teachers’ observations of Physical Education classes in the schools were also used to ...


The Secret Of Excellence In Student Services - A Case Example Of Cross-Institution Collaboration And Cooperation, Cathy Stone, Annie Andrews, Melissa Moore, Allison Cahill, Sarah O'Shea, David Said Jan 2011

The Secret Of Excellence In Student Services - A Case Example Of Cross-Institution Collaboration And Cooperation, Cathy Stone, Annie Andrews, Melissa Moore, Allison Cahill, Sarah O'Shea, David Said

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Movement Skill Mastery In A Clinical Sample Of Overweight And Obese Children, Dylan P. Cliff, Anthony D. Okely, Anthea M. Magarey Jan 2011

Movement Skill Mastery In A Clinical Sample Of Overweight And Obese Children, Dylan P. Cliff, Anthony D. Okely, Anthea M. Magarey

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Developing Capabilities For Social Inclusion: Engaging Diversity Through Inclusive School Communities, Linda J. Graham, Valerie Harwood Jan 2011

Developing Capabilities For Social Inclusion: Engaging Diversity Through Inclusive School Communities, Linda J. Graham, Valerie Harwood

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

The effort to make schools more inclusive, together with the pressure to retain students until the end of secondary school, has greatly increased both the number and educational requirements of students enrolling in their local school. Of critical concern, despite years of research and improvements in policy, pedagogy and educational knowledge, is the enduring categorisation and marginalization of students with diverse abilities. Research has shown that it can be difficult for schools to negotiate away from the pressure to categorise or diagnose such students, particularly those with challenging behaviour. In this paper, we highlight instances where some schools have responded ...


Challenging Participants In Target Games Through Teaching Games For Understanding (Tgfu) And Creating And Defining Games, Philip J. Pearson, Paul I. Webb Jan 2011

Challenging Participants In Target Games Through Teaching Games For Understanding (Tgfu) And Creating And Defining Games, Philip J. Pearson, Paul I. Webb

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) places an emphasis on the play, where tactical and strategic problems are posed in a modified game environment, ultimately drawing upon students to make decisions. It places the focus of a lesson on the student in a game situation where cognitive skills such as ‘tactics’, decision-making and problem solving are critical....with isolated technique development utilised only when the student recognises the need for it’ (Webb and Thompson, 1998). In addition, games come under various categories: invasion, net/court/wall, striking/fielding and target games. The aim of target games is to get the implement ...


Using Computer-Based Tools To Self Manage Cognitive Load, Shirley Agostinho, Sharon Tindall-Ford, Kylie Roodenrys Jan 2011

Using Computer-Based Tools To Self Manage Cognitive Load, Shirley Agostinho, Sharon Tindall-Ford, Kylie Roodenrys

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper presents a work-in-progress exploring how learners can manage their own cognitive load through the use of computer-based tools. Cognitive load refers to the amount of mental processing undertaken in working memory by a learner. Cognitive Load Theory (CLT) has identified evidence-based design principles that inform the development of instructional materials to support the efficient use of working memory. Much of the CLT research has focused on how to present learners with optimally designed learning materials. There has been little research that has examined how learners can implement CLT design principles to manage their own cognitive load when exposed ...


The Influence Of State Motivation, Content Relevance And Affective Learning On High School Students' Intentions To Use Class Content Following Completion Of Compulsory Physical Education, Collin A. Webster, Diana Mindrila, Robert Weaver Jan 2011

The Influence Of State Motivation, Content Relevance And Affective Learning On High School Students' Intentions To Use Class Content Following Completion Of Compulsory Physical Education, Collin A. Webster, Diana Mindrila, Robert Weaver

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Little research has examined mechanisms leading to the utilization of compulsory physical education content in future contexts. This study tested a model in which motivation to be in physical education class functions as a predisposition influencing perceptions of teacher communication of content relevance, perceptions of course relevance to one’s personal life, affect for physical education and intentions to apply class content in the future. High school students (N = 636) enrolled in compulsory physical education classes completed questionnaires assessing each of these variables. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses indicated the questionnaire items were adequate indicators of the five constructs. Structural ...


Nutritional Policies And Standards For Snacks Served In After-School Programmes: A Review, Michael W. Beets, Falon Tilley, Youngwon Kim, Collin Webster Jan 2011

Nutritional Policies And Standards For Snacks Served In After-School Programmes: A Review, Michael W. Beets, Falon Tilley, Youngwon Kim, Collin Webster

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Objective: To review and synthesize existing national and state organizations’ policies related to the nutritional quality of snacks served in after-school programmes (ASP; 15.00–18.00 hours) in the USA. Design: Systematic review of websites and corresponding documentation describing national and state-level ASP organizations’ policies, standards, guidelines and/or recommendations for the nutritional quality of snacks served within the ASP setting. Setting: ASP can play a critical role in a child’s daily dietary intake. State and national organizations have developed policies to assist ASP in selecting nutritionally appropriate snacks, yet no widely accepted standards exist. By reviewing the ...


Transformations And Self-Discovery: Mature-Age Women’S Reflections On Returning To University Study, Sarah O'Shea, Cathy Stone Jan 2011

Transformations And Self-Discovery: Mature-Age Women’S Reflections On Returning To University Study, Sarah O'Shea, Cathy Stone

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Research has highlighted the challenges that women face as mature-age students in higher education. The challenges are particularly acute when a woman is the first in her family to go to university. Many women begin their journey as students with considerable self-doubt and lack of confidence. They also frequently face an ongoing struggle to find a way to combine their studies with other family responsibilities (Edwards, 1990; Merrill, 1999; Tett, 2000). This article presents the reflections of 18 women enrolled as mature-age students at an Australian university campus. Their triumphs, achievements and self-discoveries, as well as their struggles whilst undertaking ...


The ‘Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids’ Community Effectiveness Trial: Study Protocol Of A Community-Based Healthy Lifestyle Program For Fathers And Their Children, Philip J. Morgan, David R. Lubans, Ronald C. Plotnikoff, Robin Callister, Tracy Burrows, Richard Fletcher, Anthony D. Okely, Myles D. Young, Andrew Miller, Victoria Clay, Adam Lloyd, Clare E. Collins Jan 2011

The ‘Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids’ Community Effectiveness Trial: Study Protocol Of A Community-Based Healthy Lifestyle Program For Fathers And Their Children, Philip J. Morgan, David R. Lubans, Ronald C. Plotnikoff, Robin Callister, Tracy Burrows, Richard Fletcher, Anthony D. Okely, Myles D. Young, Andrew Miller, Victoria Clay, Adam Lloyd, Clare E. Collins

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Background: The 'Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids' program was designed to help overweight fathers lose weight and positively influence the health behaviors of their children. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the previously established program in a community setting, in a large effectiveness trial. Methods/Design: The Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids community trial consists of three stages: (i) Stage 1 - program refinement and resource development (ii) Stage 2 - community randomized controlled trial (iii) Stage 3 - community effectiveness trial. The program will be evaluated in five Local Government Areas in the Hunter Valley Region of NSW, Australia. For the ...


Using Slowmation For Animated Storytelling To Represent Non-Aboriginal Preservice Teachers' Awareness Of "Relatedness To Country", Anthony D. Mcknight, Garry Hoban, Wendy Nielsen Jan 2011

Using Slowmation For Animated Storytelling To Represent Non-Aboriginal Preservice Teachers' Awareness Of "Relatedness To Country", Anthony D. Mcknight, Garry Hoban, Wendy Nielsen

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

In this study, a group (N=15) of final year non-Aboriginal pre ervice teachers participated in an elective subject that aimed to raise their awarene s ab ut Aboriginal ways of knowing. A vital aspect of the course was developing the preservice teachers' awareness of "relatedness to country" which is a key belief for Aboriginal people. The non-Aboriginal pre service teachers s lected their own special place and then experienced Aboriginal ways of knowing throughout the course and vi ited local Aboriginal sites to hear and listen to stories shared by an Aboriginal Elder. At the end of the subject ...


Knowledge Base Of Pronunciation Teaching: Staking Out The Territory, Amanda A. Baker, John Murphy Jan 2011

Knowledge Base Of Pronunciation Teaching: Staking Out The Territory, Amanda A. Baker, John Murphy

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Despite decades of advocacy for greater investigative attention, research into pronunciation instruction in the teaching of English as a second language (ESL)and English as a foreign language (EFL) continues to be limited. This limitations particularly evident in explorations of teacher cognition (e.g., teachers knowledge, beliefs, and understandings), an area emerging as a vibrant focus for grounded research on the development, preparation, and instructional behaviors of ESL/EFL teachers. This article provides a comprehensive review of teacher cognition literature tied to ESL/EFL pronunciation instruction. The review's dual purposes are (a) to document the current knowledge base of ...


Tracing Discourses Of Health And The Body: Exploring Pre-Service Primary Teachers' Constructions Of `Healthy' Bodies, Jan Wright, Rosemary K. Welch Jan 2011

Tracing Discourses Of Health And The Body: Exploring Pre-Service Primary Teachers' Constructions Of `Healthy' Bodies, Jan Wright, Rosemary K. Welch

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Contemporary notions of childhood overweight and obesity have become increasingly influential in curriculum and pedagogy in school-based Health and Physical Education (HPE). Teachers' delivery of HPE subject matter and related school practices are likely to have a considerable impact on the attitudes and beliefs of the children they teach, particularly in the primary school. It thus becomes important to consider the ways of thinking about and doing health (discourse positions on health) that teachers bring to their teaching of HPE. This paper examines pre-service teachers' positions in relation to the health discourses to better understand what teachers, in this case ...


Intellectual Field Or Faith-Based Religion: Moving On From The Idea Of 'Digital Natives', Sue Bennett, Karl A. Maton Jan 2011

Intellectual Field Or Faith-Based Religion: Moving On From The Idea Of 'Digital Natives', Sue Bennett, Karl A. Maton

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

For the past decade the general notion of ‘digital natives’ has attracted considerable attention in both academia and the popular media. While proponents of the idea use a variety of labels, such as ‘Net Generation’, or ‘millenial learners’, the claim they make is essentially the same: younger generations have grown up with digital technologies as part of their everyday worlds and so behave and think differently to older generations to whom these technologies have been introduced later in life (Howe & Strauss, 2000; Palfrey & Gasser, 2008; Prensky, 2001; Tapscott, 1998; 2008). This claim has led to the argument that supposedly old-fashioned teachers and outdated education ...


New Technologies To Support Language Learning, Lisa K. Kervin, Beverly M. Derewianka Jan 2011

New Technologies To Support Language Learning, Lisa K. Kervin, Beverly M. Derewianka

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Language classrooms have always used technologies of various kinds, from the blackboard through to the language laboratory. In recent decades, however, there has been an explosion in the resources available to teachers, to the point where many feel overwhelmed. This chapter therefore, does not attempt to provide a comprehensive review of 'state of the art' technologies - primarily because the ground is shifting so rapidly that any such endeavour would soon be out of date. Rather, we have kept in mind an audience who are not necessarily interested in the finer points of technological innovations but who are seeking some practical ...


The Interactive Whiteboard: Tool And/Or Agent Of Semiotic Mediation, Pauline T. Jones, Lisa Kervin, Sophie Mcintosh Jan 2011

The Interactive Whiteboard: Tool And/Or Agent Of Semiotic Mediation, Pauline T. Jones, Lisa Kervin, Sophie Mcintosh

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Technologies such as interactive whiteboards, laptops, wireless connectivity and personal communications devices mark the educational zeitgeist. Their proliferation in schools is an emergent theme in educational research, yet, the impact on pedagogic discourse is less understood. This paper reports on a case study of one teacher’s work to integrate an interactive whiteboard (IWB) into a new purposebuilt teaching space. The case study is part of a larger project-in-progress which seeks to record and understand how primary school teachers use new technologies in their daily literacy sessions. Treating the literacy session as an instance of a curriculum genre (Christie, 2002 ...


Turning Into Teachers Before Our Eyes: The Development Of Professional Identity Through Professional Dialogue, Jessica Mantei, Lisa Kervin Jan 2011

Turning Into Teachers Before Our Eyes: The Development Of Professional Identity Through Professional Dialogue, Jessica Mantei, Lisa Kervin

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines the development of professional identity in early career teachers enrolled in an “add-on year” of an undergraduate teacher education degree. Through a series of readings focused on reflection and pedagogy, participants engaged in professional dialogue as they made connections between the themes in their professional readings and their own understanding of the professional practice of a teacher. Dialogue was recorded and shared on a developed website. Participation in this dialogue afforded teachers opportunities to reflect on their professional identity in connection with literature, personal experiences and experiences of others. Further, uploading audio files to the site created ...


Investigating Young People's Engagement With Music Through Technology In Formal And Informal Settings, Steven J. Capaldo, S. Bennett Jan 2011

Investigating Young People's Engagement With Music Through Technology In Formal And Informal Settings, Steven J. Capaldo, S. Bennett

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper describes a new study investigating young people’s attitudes to and engagement with music to explore how these relate to choices about studying music. The research takes an innovative approach to developing an understanding of a young person’s musical world that is holistic, by encompassing engagement with music through technology across everyday and academic settings. In so doing the research addresses gaps in current understanding about young people’s engagement with music by including the full range of consumption, sharing and creation practices inside and outside of school. It also extends research into digital media creation that ...


The Influence Of An Autonomy-Supportive Intervention On Preservice Teacher Instruction: A Self-Determined Perspective, Dana Perlman Jan 2011

The Influence Of An Autonomy-Supportive Intervention On Preservice Teacher Instruction: A Self-Determined Perspective, Dana Perlman

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of an autonomy-oriented intervention on preservice teacher’s instructional behaviors and perceptions. A total of 28 preservice physical education teachers enrolled in a secondary physical education methods course were randomly assigned to either the treatment (N=14) or control group (N=14). Data were collected using a pretest/posttest design measuring perceptions and observation of autonomy-support, as well as student motivation. Data analysis utilized repeated measures ANOVAs to examine differences. Results indicated significant changes in autonomy-support for both teachers and students exposed to the intervention.


Applying A Learning Design To The Design Of A University Unit: A Single Case Study, Jennifer Jones, S. Bennett, Lori Lockyer Jan 2011

Applying A Learning Design To The Design Of A University Unit: A Single Case Study, Jennifer Jones, S. Bennett, Lori Lockyer

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Learning designs have been proposed as a possible support to lecturers’ unit design processes. The collection of exemplary learning designs, development of tools and design languages have been the focus of the majority of activity to date. Research has only begun to explore how documented learning designs can be reused to support lecturers’ design thinking and processes. Using a case study approach to gain understandings of these processes, the study reported in this paper followed the design, implementation and reflection phases of a unit designed with the support of a learning design. Findings indicate that the process of applying a ...


Ict Literacy And The Second Digital Divide: Understanding Students' Experiences With Technology, Tiffani Cameron, Sue Bennett, Shirley Agostinho Jan 2011

Ict Literacy And The Second Digital Divide: Understanding Students' Experiences With Technology, Tiffani Cameron, Sue Bennett, Shirley Agostinho

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This work in progress paper reports on a doctoral research study investigating the ICT literacy skills of contemporary learners across primary and high school settings, in order to understand the influence of their economic, social and cultural capital to explain their relationship with and use of ICTs. Data collection will comprise a background questionnaire, an ICT proficiency test followed by semi structured interviews and series of in-class activities that will focus on exploring students’ technology use and background. This paper is structured as follows: firstly a review of the related research is presented to describe the context for the study ...


A Systematic Review Of The Validity And Reliability Of Sedentary Behaviour Measures Used With Children And Adolescents, D R. Lubans, K Hesketh, D P. Cliff, L M. Barnett, J Salmon, J Dollman, P J. Morgan, A P. Hills, L L. Hardy Jan 2011

A Systematic Review Of The Validity And Reliability Of Sedentary Behaviour Measures Used With Children And Adolescents, D R. Lubans, K Hesketh, D P. Cliff, L M. Barnett, J Salmon, J Dollman, P J. Morgan, A P. Hills, L L. Hardy

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Problem-Based Learning, Sofie M. M. Loyens, P. Kirschner, Fred Paas Jan 2011

Problem-Based Learning, Sofie M. M. Loyens, P. Kirschner, Fred Paas

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Problem-based learning (PBL) represents a major development in educational practice that continues to impact both courses and disciplines worldwide (Schmidt, van der Molen, te Winkel, & Wijnen, 2009a). The chapter first outlines what PBL is and when, why, and how it developed. Next, it discusses what PBL aims to establish. The key elements of PBL are reviewed, followed by empirical research on the effects of PBL. Finally, it concludes the chapter with critical remarks and final notes.


Mentoring Across The Professions: Some Issues And Challenges, Lisa Ehrich, Brian Hansford, John F. Ehrich Jan 2011

Mentoring Across The Professions: Some Issues And Challenges, Lisa Ehrich, Brian Hansford, John F. Ehrich

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Mentoring has been identified as a valuable learning activity for beginners and more experienced personnel across a range of professions. For example, education, nursing, medicine, law, accounting , and public administration are among those professions that have utilised mentoring programs as a way of socialising and developing the skills and competencies of new professionals. The definition of mentoring used in this paper comes from Hansford, Tennent, and Ehrich (2002, 2003) that describes mentoring as a process whereby a more experienced practitioner works with, supports, guides and provides professional development to a less experienced practitioner. Mentoring, then, is often used to develop ...


Relationships Between Personal Biography And Changes In Preservice Classroom Teachers' Physical Activity Promotion Competence And Attitude, Collin A. Webster Jan 2011

Relationships Between Personal Biography And Changes In Preservice Classroom Teachers' Physical Activity Promotion Competence And Attitude, Collin A. Webster

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Personal biography influences preservice classroom teachers’ (PCT) perceptions and attitudes related to school-based physical activity promotion (SPAP). Using an uncontrolled prepost design, this study investigated associations between biographical variables and changes in PCTs’ SPAP attitudes and perceived competence while enrolled in a 16-week SPAP course. PCTs (N = 201) completed baseline measures assessing biographical variables of year in school, sports participation, coaching/teaching experience, BMI, satisfaction with K-12 physical education (PE) and perceived physical activity (PA) competence, and prepost measures assessing SPAP attitudes and perceived competence. One-way repeated measures analysis of variance procedures showed statistically significant, positive changes in PCTs’ scores ...