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Full-Text Articles in Education

Influence Of Friendship On Motivation And Academic Achievement, Anna Dechant Nov 2011

Influence Of Friendship On Motivation And Academic Achievement, Anna Dechant

Master's Theses

Research has shown that friendship, along with motivation, can impact the cognitive development and academic achievement of students in varying ways. As a result of the increase in attention nationwide on student achievement and the positive outcomes that result from academic success, knowing the influences of age, friendship quality, various aspects of friendship, and motivation on academic achievement can only serve to enhance student achievement outcomes, and therefore success in adulthood. The present study examined the variables of age, grade level, and friendship quality, including specific aspects such as conflict and closeness, length of friendship, and time spent with friends ...


Test Performance And Study Breaks, Lori Mcginley Nov 2011

Test Performance And Study Breaks, Lori Mcginley

Master's Theses

As the culture of American education changes, recess time is declining in favor of instruction time. An important question, however, is whether this shift is truly going to yield the best learning outcomes. The purpose of the present study is to examine the effect of taking a break, both mental and physical, on test performance. Seventy college students were tested on their learning of a list of phobias that they had studied in one of three conditions: no break, mental break, and physical break. It was predicted that participants would perform better on a subsequent memory task when a break ...


Table Of Contents - Fall 2011, Fort Hays State University College Of Education Oct 2011

Table Of Contents - Fall 2011, Fort Hays State University College Of Education

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Academic Leadership Journal Fall 2011 table of contents


An Opportunity For Higher Education: Using Social Entrepreneurship Instruction To Mitigate Social Problems, Matthew Kenney Oct 2011

An Opportunity For Higher Education: Using Social Entrepreneurship Instruction To Mitigate Social Problems, Matthew Kenney

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Ten elementary school teachers and one Spanish teacher enrolled in Multicultural Children’s and Adolescent Literature expecting to develop a long list of books for their classroom libraries that featured people with brown and black faces. Generally, coming into the course, their primary criterion for appropriate multicultural literature was that it included characters of color. These teachers, students in a graduate reading program, noted repeatedly in course reflection papers and online discussions that they never considered issues of power, privilege, and authenticity in the media in general and in literature in particular prior to their experience in the course. By ...


Barriers To Teacher Collegiality, Madiha Shah Oct 2011

Barriers To Teacher Collegiality, Madiha Shah

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2010) there is a significant disparity in life expectance rates between Caucasian males and ethnic minority males in the United States, resulting from factors that include nutrition. While the employment outlook for dietitians and nutritionists is expected to grow by 9.24% through 2018, to approximately 65,000, the percentage of self-employed professionals within the sector is expected to decrease slightly from 8.81% to 8.49% (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2010).


Career Satisfaction Of Public Secondary School Teachers In Pakistan, Azhar Chaudhary Oct 2011

Career Satisfaction Of Public Secondary School Teachers In Pakistan, Azhar Chaudhary

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Strong and healthy collegial relationships among educators is believed to be a vital element in enhancing school effectiveness and school improvement. Numerous benefits from teacher collegiality have been reported as evidence of the need for building a more effective collegial culture in schools. Regrouping among teachers to promote collaboration in teaching and new configurations of teacher collegiality constitute integral parts of constructive schools (Johnson, 1990). However, in spite of its numerous benefits, collegiality is still a rare element in most schools (Bruffee, 1999; Heider, 2005). This article elucidates some of the common barriers to collegiality among school teachers.


Characterizing The Touchstones Of Educational Leadership: An Analysis Of Distinguished Applied Doctorate Programs, Julie Carlson, Donald Mitchell Oct 2011

Characterizing The Touchstones Of Educational Leadership: An Analysis Of Distinguished Applied Doctorate Programs, Julie Carlson, Donald Mitchell

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Organizations are ever-present feature of a modern society. We look toward organization for food, education, employment, entertainment, healthcare, transportation and protection of basic rights. Nearly every aspect of modern life is influenced in one way or another by organization. Organizations are social entities that enable people to work together to achieve objectives. Job satisfaction refers to certain experiences and qualities that are related to the ways a person thinks and feels. The feeling of worthwhileness, which an individual has in particular in an occupational position, can be called job satisfaction.


Communicative Functions Of Repair On Nigerian Students’ Participation In Computer Studies, Alaba Agbatogun Oct 2011

Communicative Functions Of Repair On Nigerian Students’ Participation In Computer Studies, Alaba Agbatogun

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Doctorate programs in educational leadership have been criticized in recent years for failing to prepare their graduates to effectively serve as instructional leaders in the nation’s schools. Criticisms have included ambiguity of purpose and research foci, weak admission and graduation requirements, irrelevant curriculum, and the lack of applied practice. The purpose of this study was to analyze specific characteristics of thirteen highly ranked applied doctorate programs in educational leadership. Findings revealed that touchstone doctorate programs display many of the features that have been criticized, and that they are largely similar in structure and foci to lower ranked programs.


Gifted Is As Gifted Does, Theresa Monaco Oct 2011

Gifted Is As Gifted Does, Theresa Monaco

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

In the last decades, interest in instructional process has drawn the attention of linguists to classroom discourse studies (Lee, 2007; Chen, 2007; Hall, 2007; Macbeth, 2004). Such growing attention has been attributed to the importance associated with verbal discourse in meaning making (Chin, 2006). Chin further notes that a common ground available in the literature on pedagogical discourse is the three-turn sequence interaction called “triadic dialogue” (Lemke, 1990 cited in Macbeth, 2004), or Initiation Response Evaluation (IRE) (Menham ,1979 cited in Chin, 2006), or Initiation Response Feedback (IRF) (Sinclair & Coulthard, 1975 cited in Macbeth, 2004). In other words, a classroom ...


Instructional Designers As Leaders In Professional Learning Communities: Catalysts For Transformative Change, Shari Smith Oct 2011

Instructional Designers As Leaders In Professional Learning Communities: Catalysts For Transformative Change, Shari Smith

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

When it comes to gifted and talented education, once a student has been identified as gifted, educators make it a priority to push them to higher levels of thinking. Higher thinking is one of the desires of these gifted students, however the emotional needs of gifted students can often be lost as they are driven to focus on their academic abilities (Johnson, 2001). Often times the assumption about gifted students is that they come from a two parent home and that they will make good grades no matter what. The following modified verbatim examples will show the impact of not ...


Modeling Shared Governance At The School And Department Level, Charles Harrington, Martin Slann Oct 2011

Modeling Shared Governance At The School And Department Level, Charles Harrington, Martin Slann

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

The article explores social capital and culturally responsive leadership theories as a means to understand and bridge differences that arise in diverse educational settings for public school leaders. Issues explored include those related to the educational histories and cultural heritages that students and stakeholders bring with them to the educational setting. More specifically, the article illuminates how the merging of social capital and culturally responsive leadership theories as a conceptual framework for leadership can lead to not only student achievement, but also positive social networking and relationships among school leaders, teachers, and students. Emphasis is placed on the notion that ...


Principals’ Behavior And Job Satisfaction Of Secondary School Teachers, Azhar Chaudhary Oct 2011

Principals’ Behavior And Job Satisfaction Of Secondary School Teachers, Azhar Chaudhary

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Without question, the concept and practice of shared governance is critical to the health and vitality of any institution of higher education. Perhaps no other characteristic distinguishes American higher education more than this system of participatory governance and oversight. Democratic involvement in institutional decision-making, both operational and strategic, and at the institutional, school, and even academic department level, is necessary for institutional effectiveness and efficiency (Eckel, 2000). However, the issue is not without controversy, as shared governance is second only to tenure as most debated topic in academe (Tierney & Holley, 2005).


Reconsidering Grade Inflation In Higher Education, Megan Mccall Oct 2011

Reconsidering Grade Inflation In Higher Education, Megan Mccall

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Organizational climate is the human environment within which an organization’s employees do their work. It may refer to the environment within a department or in an entire organization. We cannot see climate or touch it, but it is there. In turn climate is affected by every thing that is occurring in an organization (Davis & Newstrom 1985). According to Andrew (1971) the term climate is used to design the quality of internal environment which conditions in turn the quality of cooperation, the development of individual, the extent of members’ dedication or commitment to organization’s purposes, and the efficiency with ...


Teachers’ Perceptions Of The Leadership Styles Of Middle School Principals And Instructional Leaders, Jessica Devine, Gary Alger Oct 2011

Teachers’ Perceptions Of The Leadership Styles Of Middle School Principals And Instructional Leaders, Jessica Devine, Gary Alger

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Grade inflation has been a “hot topic” in the higher education literature for some time now, due primarily to conflicting interpretations of grade-change data. While definitions of grade inflation vary, most seem to indicate that inflation has occurred if a higher grade is awarded without a co-occurring increase in student achievement, and is the outcome of decreased rigor in the assessment of student learning (see Boretz 2004; Young and ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education 2003). Thus, the controversy is in regard to whether or not reported changes in GPA and grade distributions reflect instructor leniency.


The Types And Incidence Of Stressors Of Students In The University Of Ghana-Legon, Samuel Atindanbila, Elma Banyenrejoice Oct 2011

The Types And Incidence Of Stressors Of Students In The University Of Ghana-Legon, Samuel Atindanbila, Elma Banyenrejoice

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Over the past two decades, theorists and researchers have consistently cited the importance of effective school leadership in relation to improved educational outcomes (Fullan, 2002; Hallinger & Heck, 1998; Leithwood, Jantzi, & Steinbach, 1999; Leithwood, Louis, Anderson, & Wahlstrom, 2004). The Wallace Foundation recently commissioned an exhaustive research project on the relationships between school leadership and student learning, and the authors concluded that “when principals and teachers share leadership, teachers’ working relationships with one another are stronger and student achievement is higher” (Louis, Leithwood, Wahlstrom, & Anderson, 2010, p. 282).


Transforming Data Into Knowledge, Lane Mills, James Mcdowelle, William Rouse Jr. Oct 2011

Transforming Data Into Knowledge, Lane Mills, James Mcdowelle, William Rouse Jr.

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Hans Selye, the first major researcher of stress coined the word ‘stress’ in 1936 and defined it as “a non-specific response of the body to any demand for change”. Selye (1974) is of the view that stress is a facet of life which human beings cannot avoid. In fact he confidently declares that “total freedom from stress is death” Selye (1976) stated that stress in moderate levels enhances function. Kaplan and Sadock (2000) in their study on students also found out that moderate stress among students enhances learning ability. Pfeiffer (2001) emphasizes that stress helps students to peak their performance ...


Trend And Data Analysis Of Homeschooling, Danielle Geary Oct 2011

Trend And Data Analysis Of Homeschooling, Danielle Geary

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Since the inception of the No Child Left Behind legislation, school districts have been faced with a growing need to gather, analyze and monitor more data than ever before in their leadership of schools (Blink, 2007; Kowalski, Lasley & Mahoney, 2008; Mills, 2006). The adage that schools are “data rich” and “information poor”, while comical, is often true. School systems are awash in data and drowning is a real concern for new and soon-to-be leaders. The critical task for school leaders is to turn existing student achievement data into a format that lends itself to answering questions and improving outcomes for the students ...


Trends In Expenses And Revenues At Not-For-Profit And For-Profit Postsecondary Institutions: The Nondistribution Constraint And The Future Of The Trust Market, Bonnie Fox-Garrity, Roger Fiedler, Mark Garrison Oct 2011

Trends In Expenses And Revenues At Not-For-Profit And For-Profit Postsecondary Institutions: The Nondistribution Constraint And The Future Of The Trust Market, Bonnie Fox-Garrity, Roger Fiedler, Mark Garrison

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

In the United States, every child has the right to an education and is required by law to attend school. The government provides an enormous number of public schools throughout the country, free of charge, in order to ensure education for all, yet there are families who choose to homeschool their children instead. Hill (2010) explains that “homeschooling is not a new phenomenon. In colonial days families, including wealthy ones, educated their children at home, combining the efforts of parents, tutors, and older children” (p.1). He goes on to mention how colonial rural one-room schoolhouses provided a place for ...


Trends Toward Alternative Teaching Certification And Compensation In Special Education: Considerations And Implications For Traditional Teacher Preparation Programs, Theresa Quigney Oct 2011

Trends Toward Alternative Teaching Certification And Compensation In Special Education: Considerations And Implications For Traditional Teacher Preparation Programs, Theresa Quigney

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Within a framework of trust markets, this study compares expenses, instructional expenses, and revenues per FTE of not-for-profit and for-profit postsecondary institutions using IPEDS data. Median expenses per FTE at not-for-profit institutions were double those at the for-profit institutions. Median revenue beyond instructional expenses increased at the 4-year-and-above level institutions while decreasing at other levels. Percent of revenue allocated to instructional expenses, other expenses, and excess revenue is presented. Surprisingly, 4-year-and-above, not-for-profit institutions generate more excess revenue per FTE than 4-year-and-above for-profit institutions. Implications of the nondistribution constraint for trust markets and the policy implications of these findings are discussed.


Virtual R&D Teams: A Potential Growth Of Education-Industry Collaboration, Nale Ebrahim, Shamsuddin Ahmed, Zahari Taha Oct 2011

Virtual R&D Teams: A Potential Growth Of Education-Industry Collaboration, Nale Ebrahim, Shamsuddin Ahmed, Zahari Taha

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Both the professional literature and non-academic resources are replete with references to both the successes and failures of the current state of education. There is very little doubt that education is receiving intense scrutiny from a variety of sources and in regard to numerous aspects of its implementation. A primary focus of this examination has been the teacher work force, specifically its effectiveness in promoting measurable student growth and achievement. While this is a natural and imperative center of the investigation, it also encompasses ancillary issues, such as the manner in which the teachers are prepared to assume their instructional ...


Waiting For ‘Superman’: A Review And Commentary, Tony Durr Oct 2011

Waiting For ‘Superman’: A Review And Commentary, Tony Durr

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

With the advent of the global economy and high-speed Internet, online collaboration is fast becoming the norm in education and industry [1]. Information technology (IT) creates many new inter-relationships among businesses, expands the scope of industries in which a company must compete to achieve competitive advantage. Information systems and technology allow companies to coordinate their activities in distant geographic locations [2]. IT is providing the infrastructure necessary to support the development of new collaboration forms among industry and education. Virtual research and development (R&D) teams represent one such relational form, one that could revolutionize the workplace and provide organizations ...


“It Takes More Than Brown Paint To Portray A Realistic African American Character”: Lessons Learned About Teaching Multicultural Literature, Theresa Adkins Oct 2011

“It Takes More Than Brown Paint To Portray A Realistic African American Character”: Lessons Learned About Teaching Multicultural Literature, Theresa Adkins

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

The documentary “Waiting for ‘Superman’” shines a light on many issues in public education. The film was released too much fanfare in late September of 2010. It received a lot of media attention and seemed to get everyone talking about American education and how to fix its problems. NBC’s television networks went so far as to dedicate an entire week of programming to the topic of education. Their “Education Week” aired several town hall meetings and debates with leaders in education. However, “Education Week” ended and with it so ended the mainstream media’s coverage of education reform. I ...


It Is Simple, But Not Easy–Culturally Responsive Leadership And Social Capital: A Framework For Closing The Opportunity Gap, Alisa Taliaferro Oct 2011

It Is Simple, But Not Easy–Culturally Responsive Leadership And Social Capital: A Framework For Closing The Opportunity Gap, Alisa Taliaferro

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Instructional designers are not often found in a public school setting. However, the leadership an instructional designer can provide, especially as part of a professional learning community (PLC), could help achieve the transformational change for which many schools are looking. With the issues cited by Hoyle and Kutka (2008) in public education today, such as the drop out rate and increased necessity for remedial coursework at the college level, the need for effective instructional design practices being implemented by high school teachers is great. However, as Moallem (1998) notes, “Teachers’ use of instructional design practices is not encouraging (Driscoll, 1989 ...


Table Of Contents - Summer 2011, Fort Hays State University College Of Education Jul 2011

Table Of Contents - Summer 2011, Fort Hays State University College Of Education

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Academic Leadership Journal Summer 2011 table of contents


Action Research As A Self-Improvement Tool In Efl, Mustafa Turkyilmaz Jul 2011

Action Research As A Self-Improvement Tool In Efl, Mustafa Turkyilmaz

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

In this paper, action research method will be examined from the students’ perspectives. Action research projects help the students to gain self-control of their learning experiences. Although action research projects are more common on higher academic levels such as graduate studies, researches show that such projects are easily adaptable in prep schools or any foreign language learning environment. Ensuring the autonomy of the students to control and manage a project, an action research project is a reliable method for EFL teachers. It also gives students a chance to individualize their learning experiences.


Career Advancement: Ten Negotiation Strategies For Women In Higher Education, K. Betts Jul 2011

Career Advancement: Ten Negotiation Strategies For Women In Higher Education, K. Betts

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Women in the United States (US) are a vital part of the workforce and the economy. They represent 50.7 percent of the population and 49.8 percent of payroll employment in the US workforce. Women also outpace men in the number of college degrees conferred annually. However, women hold fewer board seats and executive level positions than men in American corporations and higher education institutions. Additionally, census data indicates that women earn approximately 77 cents on every dollar earned by men. Although the “glass ceiling” is getting lower, it is essential that women develop successful negotiation strategies for career ...


Code Switching And Social Prestige: Code Switching Among Iranian University Learners, S. Sadighian, Ali Rahimi Jul 2011

Code Switching And Social Prestige: Code Switching Among Iranian University Learners, S. Sadighian, Ali Rahimi

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

“Two or more phonemic systems may coexist in the speech of a monolingual.” This was what initially called “switching code” by Fries and Pike (1949). People change codes or use words other than their native ones while speaking in their native language. Codes are thus defined as a verbal component that can be as small as a morpheme or as comprehensive and complex as the entire system of language. (Ayemoni, 2006) code-switching is related to and indicative of group membership in particular types of bilingual speech communities, such that the regularities of the alternating use of two or more languages ...


Computer-Assisted Programmed Instruction Revisited: A Study On Teaching Typewriting In Nigerian Higher Institution., Alaba Agbatogun, Peterayo Ajelabi, M. Oyewusi, Juliet Inegbedion Jul 2011

Computer-Assisted Programmed Instruction Revisited: A Study On Teaching Typewriting In Nigerian Higher Institution., Alaba Agbatogun, Peterayo Ajelabi, M. Oyewusi, Juliet Inegbedion

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

In the last few decades, technology has been a significant tool in almost all human endeavour (Hancer & Tiizemen, 2008). The integration of technology into education is a growing phenomenon; hence huge amount of money is being invested into Information and Communication technologies (ICTs) in education across the globe in order to ensure improved students’ academic performance (Trautman & Klemp, n.d.). Since the development of various ICTs, computer technology has come to play significant roles in instructional process, thereby transforming the learning environment (Efendioghi & Yelken, 2010; Rosenberg, Grad & Matear, 2003). The hope and quality of achievements of nations nowadays is dependent on the science of technology innovations and the integration of appropriate technological devices in education. To improve the standard of education, adequate attention must be given to instructional techniques employed by the teacher. Instructional methods are process of cognitive, affective ...


Creating Virtual Cooperative Learning Experiences For Aspiring School Leaders And Practitioners With Web 2.0, Do-Hong Kim, Patricia Wilkins, David Dunaway Jul 2011

Creating Virtual Cooperative Learning Experiences For Aspiring School Leaders And Practitioners With Web 2.0, Do-Hong Kim, Patricia Wilkins, David Dunaway

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

In December of 2008, the authors were awarded a University of North Carolina at Charlotte funded curriculum and instructional development grant based on two innovative ideas for preparing future school leaders: (1) the creation and use of wikis to expand and deepen student learning beyond the classroom, and (2) the creation of a virtual social network to connect current educational leadership students and graduates, providing the opportunity and the means for networking between students and practitioners, practitioners with each other, and both groups with educational leadership professors around the proposition that solving problems of practice (whether in the graduate classroom ...


Funding Barriers For Adult Education Programs, Tajullah Skylark Jul 2011

Funding Barriers For Adult Education Programs, Tajullah Skylark

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

According to the U.S. Department of Education, each day nearly seven thousand high school students become dropouts, adding up to 1.3 million students annually. In October 2007, approximately 3.3 million 16- through 24-year-olds did not earn a high school diploma or alternative credential (Cataldi Et Al, 2009).