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Full-Text Articles in Education

Investigating The Link Between Social Goals And Learning Strategies, Ronnel B. King, Dennis M. Mcinerney, David A. Watkins Sep 2011

Investigating The Link Between Social Goals And Learning Strategies, Ronnel B. King, Dennis M. Mcinerney, David A. Watkins

Ronnel B King

Research in cross-cultural psychology has indicated that people from different cultures are motivated by different types of goals. In collectivist cultures, the power of social goals may be especially salient. However, studies on student motivation usually focus only on two types of goals: mastery and performance goals, thus neglecting the potential role of social goals. The aim of the present study was to investigate how different types of social goals, i.e. social affiliation, social approval, social concern, and social status goals were related to learning strategies in a collectivist culture. 697 secondary students from Hong Kong answered the relevant ...


Validation Of The Chinese Version Of The Sense Of Self (Sos) Scale, Ronnel B. King, Fraide A. Ganotice, David A. Watkins Jan 2011

Validation Of The Chinese Version Of The Sense Of Self (Sos) Scale, Ronnel B. King, Fraide A. Ganotice, David A. Watkins

Ronnel B King

This study explored the cross-cultural applicability of the Sense of Self (SOS) Scale in the Hong Kong Chinese cultural context. The SOS Scale is a 26-item questionnaire designed to measure students’ sense of purpose, self-reliance, and self-concept in school. Six hundred ninety-seven Hong Kong Chinese high school students participated in the study. Both within-network and between-network approaches to construct validation were adopted. Responses to this questionnaire are shown to have good internal consistency reliability, and support is provided for its construct validity in terms of its factorial structure and correlations with other educational outcomes such as learning strategies. In addition ...


Cross-Cultural Validation Of The Five-Factor Structure Of Social Goals: A Filipino Investigation, Ronnel B. King, David A. Watkins Jan 2011

Cross-Cultural Validation Of The Five-Factor Structure Of Social Goals: A Filipino Investigation, Ronnel B. King, David A. Watkins

Ronnel B King

The aim of the present study was to test the cross-cultural validity of the five-factor structure of social goals that Dowson and McInerney proposed. Using both between-network and within-network approaches to construct validation, 1,147 Filipino high school students participated in the study. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the five-factor model provided the best fit to the data compared with a series of alternative models. In addition, the five types of social goals also showed meaningful relationships to theoretically relevant constructs. Taken together, this study supports the applicability of the five-factor structure of social goals among Filipino respondents.


All Good Things Come To Those Who Wait: Validating The Chinese Version Of The Academic Delay Of Gratification Scale (Adogs), Ronnel B. King, Hongfei Du Jan 2011

All Good Things Come To Those Who Wait: Validating The Chinese Version Of The Academic Delay Of Gratification Scale (Adogs), Ronnel B. King, Hongfei Du

Ronnel B King

The objective of this study was to examine the reliability and construct validity of the Chinese translation of the Academic Delay of Gratification Scale (ADOGS; Bembenutty & Karabenick, 1998). This scale measures the degree to which students postpone immediately available opportunities to satisfy their impulses in order to pursue important goals that are temporally remote but ostensibly more important. Chinese university students from Mainland China (N = 187) completed the ADOGS. Both within-network and between-network approaches to construct validation were adopted in the study. Responses to this questionnaire are shown to have good internal consistency reliability and support is provided for its ...


Cross-Cultural Validity Of The Inventory Of School Motivation (Ism) In Chinese And Filipino Samples, Ronnel B. King, Ganotice A. Fraide Jr., David A. Watkins Jan 2011

Cross-Cultural Validity Of The Inventory Of School Motivation (Ism) In Chinese And Filipino Samples, Ronnel B. King, Ganotice A. Fraide Jr., David A. Watkins

Ronnel B King

Students’ achievement goals in school have received increasing research attention because they have been shown to be important in predicting important outcomes. As such, there has been a growing interest in measuring and comparing them across different cultural groups. However, these comparisons cannot be made until validity evidence has been attained to support the use of an instrument in the new cultural setting. In this study, we investigated the cross-cultural applicability of the Inventory of School Motivation (ISM, McInerney, Roche, McInerney, & Marsh, 1997) in the Hong Kong Chinese and Philippine contexts using both within-network and between-network approaches to construct validation ...


Examining The Application Of Web 2.0 In Medical Related Organisations, Samuel K.W. Chu, Matsuko Woo, Ronnel B. King Jan 2011

Examining The Application Of Web 2.0 In Medical Related Organisations, Samuel K.W. Chu, Matsuko Woo, Ronnel B. King

Ronnel B King

Objectives: This study surveyed Web 2.0 application in three types of selected health or medical-related organisations such as university medical libraries, hospitals and non-profit medical-related organisations. Methods: Thirty organisations participated in an online survey on the perceived purposes, benefits and difficulties in using Web 2.0. A phone interview was further conducted with eight organisations (26.7%) to collect information on the use of Web 2.0. Data were analysed using both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Results: Results showed that knowledge and information sharing and the provision of a better communication platform were rated as the main purposes of ...


The Reliability And Validity Of The Goal Orientation And Learning Strategies Survey (Goals-S): A Filipino Investigation, Ronnel B. King, David A. Watkins Jan 2011

The Reliability And Validity Of The Goal Orientation And Learning Strategies Survey (Goals-S): A Filipino Investigation, Ronnel B. King, David A. Watkins

Ronnel B King

The Goal Orientation and Learning Strategies Survey (GOALS-S; Dowson & McInerney, 2004) is an instrument designed to assess four sets of constructs: (1) academic goals, (2) social goals, (3) cognitive strategies, and (4) metacognitive strategies of high school students. This instrument was initially developed and validated among students in Australia. The applicability of this instrument to the Philippine setting was tested in a study involving 1,147 Filipino students from Metro Manila. Responses to this questionnaire are shown to have good internal consistency reliability. Support is provided for its within-network construct validity in terms of its factorial structure and evidence of ...


Competitiveness Is Not That Bad. . .At Least In The East: Testing The Hierarchical Model Of Achievement Motivation In The Asian Setting, Ronnel B. King, Dennis M. Mcinerney, David A. Watkins Jan 2011

Competitiveness Is Not That Bad. . .At Least In The East: Testing The Hierarchical Model Of Achievement Motivation In The Asian Setting, Ronnel B. King, Dennis M. Mcinerney, David A. Watkins

Ronnel B King

Competitiveness has usually been viewed as a negative trait as it leads to suboptimal outcomes. However, research in cross-cultural psychology has indicated that competitiveness may hold different meanings for people from individualist and collectivist cultures. The current study investigates the effects of competitiveness on different educational outcomes in the collectivistic Chinese cultural context. Utilizing the hierarchical model of achievement motivation, this study aims to examine the relationships among individual differences (trait mastery and trait competitiveness), achievement goals (mastery and performance goals), and learning strategies (deep and surface learning strategies). Six hundred ninety-seven secondary school students from Hong Kong answered questionnaires ...


“Socializing” Achievement Goal Theory: The Need For Social Goals, Ronnel B. King Dec 2010

“Socializing” Achievement Goal Theory: The Need For Social Goals, Ronnel B. King

Ronnel B King

Cultures shape the types of goals that students pursue in the classroom. However, research in achievement goal theory seems to have neglected this cultural aspect with its exclusive focus on individualistically-based goals such as mastery and performance goals. This emphasis on mastery and performance goals may reflect Western individualist psychological thinking. Thus, social goals, which may be more salient in collectivist cultures, are relatively neglected. There is a dearth of studies investigating the role of social goals in academic motivation, and the few studies that did explore them are somewhat problematic. This paper reviews research done within the achievement goal ...