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Full-Text Articles in Education

Rational Choice Theory For Financial Strategy In Rural Michigan Community Colleges, Nicholas John Brege Jan 2019

Rational Choice Theory For Financial Strategy In Rural Michigan Community Colleges, Nicholas John Brege

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Since 2011, drastic declines in tuition revenue for many rural community colleges have hindered institutional budgets and have been the primary driver for the financial strategy decisions made by college leaders. Recent declines in revenue for rural community colleges have created a constrained fiscal environment causing college leaders to increase focus on internal operations. The aim of this research was to expand the understanding of how management decisions influence tuition revenue when demand fluctuates. Data from multiple archival sources including several national and state statistical databases were used. This study used a multiple regression analysis to investigate the relationships between ...


Consequences Of Postsecondary Education Institution Policies And Practices: A Structural Model Of Tuition Costs, Student Financial Aid, Selectivity, Proximity, And Enrolled Undergraduate Students' Aggregate Capital, Aaron Michael Skira Jan 2018

Consequences Of Postsecondary Education Institution Policies And Practices: A Structural Model Of Tuition Costs, Student Financial Aid, Selectivity, Proximity, And Enrolled Undergraduate Students' Aggregate Capital, Aaron Michael Skira

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

For decades, U.S. higher education enrollments have been stratified with students from wealthier households consistently attending postsecondary institutions at higher rates than low-income students. The disparity in postsecondary participation rates by family income is a systemic issue (M. J. Bailey & Dynarski, 2011), meaning the phenomenon is the result of a combination of factors within society rather than one factor alone. Guided by a critical theory perspective and the assumptions behind Perna’s (2006) proposed conceptual model for student college choice research, the current study sought to examine the extent to which policies and practices at the postsecondary institution level may be contributing to the inequity in higher education enrollments by family income. Based upon theory and findings from prior research, the presumed causal effects of tuition costs, student financial aid, selectivity, and proximity on the average amount of enrolled undergraduate students’ aggregate capital (i.e., cumulative available resources) was constructed in one hypothesized structural model. Four-year, public postsecondary institutions were the unit of analysis. The purpose of the current study was to test the hypothesized structural model. Using data from the 2011-12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study, student-level data were combined by postsecondary institution to establish a final sample of N = 330 (rounded to the nearest ten) four-year, public postsecondary institutions. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was performed to (a) assess the overall fit of the hypothesized structural model to the sample data; (b) determine the amount of variance in the average amount of enrolled undergraduate students’ aggregate capital that could be explained by the hypothesized structural model; and (c) identify the direct, indirect, and total effects among the variables included in the hypothesized structural model. Though a confirmatory SEM analysis indicated the hypothesized structural model was a poor fit to the ...


The Effect Of Tuition On Graduation Rate At Community Colleges, Carter Brown Youmans Oct 2017

The Effect Of Tuition On Graduation Rate At Community Colleges, Carter Brown Youmans

Educational Foundations & Leadership Theses & Dissertations

The community college mission has long included open access through low tuition (Vaughan, 2006). Financial challenges for community college students threaten open access (Shannon & Smith, 2006). Paying tuition plays a part in a student’s ability to graduate. A community colleges’ success is measured in part by graduation rates. President Obama challenged all colleges, including community colleges, to increase their graduation rates 50% by the year 2020 (Obama, 2009). The current study analyzed whether public, community colleges’ tuitions predicted their graduation rates using recent data and if size of enrollment moderated the relations between tuition and graduation rate. A two-block ...


Higher Education Costs And The Excelsior Scholarship: Who Pays, And Who Receives?, Anirudh Sanjay Hungund Jan 2017

Higher Education Costs And The Excelsior Scholarship: Who Pays, And Who Receives?, Anirudh Sanjay Hungund

Senior Projects Fall 2017

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


The Effect Of Educational Debt On The Probability Of Homeownership For College Graduates: An Empirical Analysis, Cole Ikkala Jun 2014

The Effect Of Educational Debt On The Probability Of Homeownership For College Graduates: An Empirical Analysis, Cole Ikkala

Honors Theses

With the average tuition of both public and private institutions on the rise, students are graduating from college with a higher burden of debt than ever before. In turn this is adversely affecting their post-graduation decisions, specifically the purchasing of their first home. With the simultaneous increase of educational debt levels and tightening of lending constraints for mortgages, it is hypothesized that first-time homeownership is being delayed. The purpose of this study is to analyze what exactly is delaying graduates from purchasing a home, the outstanding total educational debt amount or the monthly educational debt repayment amounts. Both can hinder ...


The Rise And Fall Of Public Higher Education In The United States: Implications For Socioeconomic Inequality, Chantal Bao-Chau Hoang Jan 2012

The Rise And Fall Of Public Higher Education In The United States: Implications For Socioeconomic Inequality, Chantal Bao-Chau Hoang

CMC Senior Theses

This paper aims to explore how shifting federal, state, and individual priorities have transformed public higher education from a bastion of quality higher education for the greatest number of people to a more privatized state that only provides access and choice to those who can afford them. Decreased public support and state appropriations for public higher education schools have led many institutions to privatize themselves through increasing tuition prices and enrolling more out-of-state and international students who can afford to pay the full sticker price. At the same time, federal financial aid programs have become more and more geared towards ...


Tax Credits For Private School Tuition And The Relationship To Private School Enrollment, Joel Bohlken Jan 2011

Tax Credits For Private School Tuition And The Relationship To Private School Enrollment, Joel Bohlken

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Nine states have enacted education tax credit laws in the last 14 years, four states in just the past five years. More states are currently considering enactment of tax credit laws. This study provided data on enrollment trends in public and private schools in five of these states before and after education tax credits were made available. The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a relationship between education tax credits and school enrollment in K-12 public and private schools.

The study of the relationship between tuition tax credits and student enrollment in public and private schools ...


Cost And Price Increases In Higher Education: Evidence Of A Cost Disease On Higher Education Costs And Tuition Prices And The Implications For Highes Education Policy, Jerry Trombella Jan 2010

Cost And Price Increases In Higher Education: Evidence Of A Cost Disease On Higher Education Costs And Tuition Prices And The Implications For Highes Education Policy, Jerry Trombella

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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