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2018

Gardner-Webb University

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Collective Efficacy, Teacher Beliefs And Socioeconomic Status In Title I And Non-Title I Schools, Betsy Furr May 2018

Collective Efficacy, Teacher Beliefs And Socioeconomic Status In Title I And Non-Title I Schools, Betsy Furr

Education Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the association between collective efficacy, teacher beliefs, and socioeconomic status with reading and math student achievement in the Title I and Non-Title I schools of one school district. This study examined factors that influence student achievement in a district with a majority of Title I schools. Of the eight K–8 schools in the participating district, five are Title I. Collective efficacy and teacher beliefs were used to gather data about what teachers believe regarding student learning. The efficacy survey in this study provided data about instructional strategies and student discipline ...


Co-Teaching In Inclusion Classrooms: An Investigation Of Secondary Inclusion Practices, Margaret Erin Keene May 2018

Co-Teaching In Inclusion Classrooms: An Investigation Of Secondary Inclusion Practices, Margaret Erin Keene

Education Dissertations and Projects

This study was an investigation of co-teaching and inclusion practices at the secondary level. In the explanatory sequential mixed-methods study, regular education co-teachers as well as special education co-teachers offered insights by their participation in a survey and focus groups. This study investigated co-teacher perceptions of inclusion and how their perceptions of inclusion and co-teaching influenced the extent of teacher use of elements of Dr. Friend’s co-teaching models. The study also investigated and identified the needs of co-teachers. Co-teaching is defined as “two or more professionals delivering substantive instruction to a diverse, or blended, group of students in a ...


An Examination Of The Impact Of A Middle School Transition Program On Student Academic Intrinsic Motivation, Melissa West May 2018

An Examination Of The Impact Of A Middle School Transition Program On Student Academic Intrinsic Motivation, Melissa West

Education Dissertations and Projects

This case study addressed student academic intrinsic motivation during transition into middle school. The study examined one middle school that conducts a middle school transition program. The study collected data about student intrinsic motivation in reading, math, social studies, and science. The researcher explored procedures learned during the middle school transition program that students and teachers felt most directly impacted student intrinsic motivation. This study was an extension of Sealy’s (2012) dissertation about high school transition. The purpose of this study was to extend the generalization of the original study, build on previous research, and add related knowledge to ...


In It Together: The Impact Of Data-Driven Teams On Student Learning, Collaborative Practice, And School Culture, Marcie Wilson May 2018

In It Together: The Impact Of Data-Driven Teams On Student Learning, Collaborative Practice, And School Culture, Marcie Wilson

Education Dissertations and Projects

The goal of this study was to determine the impact of data-driven teams on student learning, collaborative practice, and school culture. The participants in the study were the data-driven team members from four middle schools in a North Carolina county. The study used EOG test results in 6–8 reading and math from before implementation to after implementation of data-driven teams, EVAAS growth in 6–8 reading and math from before implementation to after implementation of data-driven teams, results on Gruenert and Whitaker’s (2015) School Culture Survey given after implementation, interviews with the principals of each middle school, and ...


The Relationship Between Administrator Interpersonal Skills And School Climate, Student Learning, And Teacher Retention, Marsha Justice May 2018

The Relationship Between Administrator Interpersonal Skills And School Climate, Student Learning, And Teacher Retention, Marsha Justice

Education Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this mixed-method study was to determine if specific interpersonal skills (trustworthiness, communication, empathy, and problem-solving) possessed by principals, as perceived by teachers, are important characteristics in creating and maintaining a positive school climate, increasing student learning, and retaining teachers in the elementary school setting. The participants in the study were teachers from 13 elementary schools in a North Carolina county. This study used both quantitative and qualitative data from a combined principal soft skill and climate survey, 2015–2016 North Carolina report card on teacher retention, 2015–2016 EOG math/reading scores, and results from teacher interviews ...


Impact Of The Mathematics Curriculum Coach On Teacher Instructional Practice And Teacher Self-Efficacy, Alison Rollins Syverson May 2018

Impact Of The Mathematics Curriculum Coach On Teacher Instructional Practice And Teacher Self-Efficacy, Alison Rollins Syverson

Education Dissertations and Projects

This mixed-methods study sought to explore the impact the role a mathematics curriculum coach has on teacher efficacy and instructional practice. School systems across the country are being asked to do more with less money. At the same time, districts are faced with mathematics standards that require a new approach to instruction. In response to these issues, school districts are choosing to implement the role of a mathematics curriculum coach. As a result, the question is raised, “are the funds utilized for math coaches being used effectively?” This mixed-methods study compared two schools of similar makeup. School A employs a ...


General Education Teachers' Self-Efficacy To Teach Autistic Students In Kindergarten Through Fourth Grade General Education Classrooms, Tanya Michelle Wynn May 2018

General Education Teachers' Self-Efficacy To Teach Autistic Students In Kindergarten Through Fourth Grade General Education Classrooms, Tanya Michelle Wynn

Education Dissertations and Projects

Children are being diagnosed with autism at an alarming rate; and as these students enter schools to be educated alongside their peers, general education teachers need to feel prepared to teach them. Many years ago, students with autism were placed in separate classrooms and were not in general education classrooms. As times have changed and autistic students enter into general education classrooms that are taught by general education teachers, this study examined the self-efficacy of those teachers when it comes to educating these students. This research was done in a rural school district, and kindergarten through fourth-grade teachers from three ...


School Culture Survey Constructs And Student Achievement Relationships In Title I K-8 Schools, Carol Hammonds Miller May 2018

School Culture Survey Constructs And Student Achievement Relationships In Title I K-8 Schools, Carol Hammonds Miller

Education Dissertations and Projects

This quantitative study investigated the correlation between school culture constructs and student achievement in 160 Title I K-8 schools from four Local Education Agencies. Title I schools receive funds from the federal government to fund programs and provide resources to help students meet rigorous standards on state assessments. School culture is defined as the beliefs, perceptions, relationships, attitudes, and written and unwritten rules that shape and influence every aspect of how a school functions. This study aimed to determine if any relationship existed between school culture constructs and student achievement. Statistical analysis included preexisting data collected from the 2016 North ...


Generational Differences In Motivations Of North Carolina Public Elementary School Teachers, Alison Headlee Whitaker May 2018

Generational Differences In Motivations Of North Carolina Public Elementary School Teachers, Alison Headlee Whitaker

Education Dissertations and Projects

This mixed-methods study addressed the generational differences in intrinsic and extrinsic motivation among elementary teachers in North Carolina. Intrinsic motivation to persist in the profession was examined through the lens of Pink’s theory that autonomy, mastery, and purpose determine a person’s degree of intrinsic motivation. Information relating to extrinsic motivation was also examined. Data were collected through a 33-question survey distributed via email and social media. Quantitative data were analyzed using the Kruskal Wallis H Test to determine significant differences. Qualitative data were coded and analyzed for themes leading to insight into internal and external motivations of elementary ...


Math I Benchmark Testing: Friend Or Foe?, Shelley Gainey West May 2018

Math I Benchmark Testing: Friend Or Foe?, Shelley Gainey West

Education Dissertations and Projects

This quantitative study addresses the ability of locally developed Math I benchmark assessments to predict student performance on the Math I end-of-course (EOC) state assessment for a rural county in North Carolina. Many districts in North Carolina lack funds to purchase commercially developed benchmarks and must rely on district personnel to develop these assessments. Locally developed benchmark assessments are not typically validated or considered psychometrically sound. Signal Detection Theory (SDT) was used to determine cut-off values on the locally developed Math I benchmark assessments for pass/fail grouping of students that will inform instructional interventions prior to the Math I ...


The Reading Strategies/Skills Within The North Carolina Rta Summer Reading Camp, Leroy Leon Wray May 2018

The Reading Strategies/Skills Within The North Carolina Rta Summer Reading Camp, Leroy Leon Wray

Education Dissertations and Projects

This dissertation was designed to examine the reading strategies within the North Carolina Read to Achieve (RtA) Program summer reading camp and the achievement low socioeconomic elementary students made in reading during summer camp. The study was from a K-12 school and measured by the RtA Program. The study looked at third-grade students located in the urban piedmont area of North Carolina. It looked at reading strategies used during the North Carolina RtA Program summer reading camp and sought to determine if there are reading gains or losses of students who attended the North Carolina RtA summer reading camp. The ...


Optimal Conditions To Support School Climate And Increase Teacher Retention In Middle School Classrooms, Kimberly Taylor Coleman May 2018

Optimal Conditions To Support School Climate And Increase Teacher Retention In Middle School Classrooms, Kimberly Taylor Coleman

Education Dissertations and Projects

This study addressed the increasing attrition and migration of teachers from middle school classrooms. The study also sought to determine to what extent specific research-based factors motivated teachers to remain in the middle school classroom. An explanatory sequential mixed-methods design was used in this study. The first portion of the study included quantitative and qualitative data collection through the administration of an online survey instrument. Survey data results were utilized to create and modify questions used to gather additional qualitative data during the administration of two focus groups. This study found a positive school climate, administrative support, and collegiality to ...


Teacher Perspectives Of Their Experiences In A Professional Learning Community And How These Experiences Contribute To A Collaborative School Culture, Kimberly Janette Kelley May 2018

Teacher Perspectives Of Their Experiences In A Professional Learning Community And How These Experiences Contribute To A Collaborative School Culture, Kimberly Janette Kelley

Education Dissertations and Projects

Fullan (1998) stated, “Student achievement increases substantially in schools with collaborative work cultures that foster a professional learning community among teachers and others” (p. 8). Vandevoort, Amrein-Beardsley, and Berliner (2004) also found that the quality of the teacher in the classroom is the single most important factor in determining how well a child learns. The purpose of this study was to determine practices and experiences within a Professional Learning Community (PLC) that contribute to a collaborative culture and student performance. The research question for this study was, “What experiences in a PLC do teachers perceive contribute to a collaborative culture ...


The Alignment Of Instructional Practices With Digital Learning Environments, Angela Szakasits May 2018

The Alignment Of Instructional Practices With Digital Learning Environments, Angela Szakasits

Education Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine how teacher instructional practices aligned with digital learning environments. The following four research questions guided this investigation: How do teachers demonstrate leadership in digital learning? How do teachers model and teach digital citizenship? How do teachers use digital content and resources for instruction? How do teachers use technology for data and assessment? The North Carolina (NC) Digital Learning Competencies for Classroom Teachers (NCDPI Digital Teaching and Learning Division, 2016) provided the theoretical framework for this study, and the research questions aligned with the four focus areas of these competencies. This mixed-methods study ...


Representations Of Black Characters In Children’S Literature: A Product Of Histories, Ideologies, Narratives, Depictions, Politics, And Laws, Annie Calloway May 2018

Representations Of Black Characters In Children’S Literature: A Product Of Histories, Ideologies, Narratives, Depictions, Politics, And Laws, Annie Calloway

Education Dissertations and Projects

This qualitative, directed content analysis examined fiction and nonfiction children’s literature published between 2015 and 2017. Through the lens of Critical Race Theory, the study describes the ways in which Black characters are represented in early readers. Using books located in community libraries, school media centers and retail outlets, the study concludes that Black characters are represented less frequently and in ways that often do not take into account cultural, political, and legal manifestations of White privilege. This discussion of race, identity, power structures, and education aims to create and promote thought and discussions surrounding the genealogies of racial ...


What Poverty Means For Student Achievement And The Best Practices For Teaching Students In Poverty, Megan White Jan 2018

What Poverty Means For Student Achievement And The Best Practices For Teaching Students In Poverty, Megan White

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In America today, there are approximately 103 million people living below the line of poverty (Edelman, p. 4). This means that 103 million people are supporting a family of three or more with less than $36,000 (p. 4). Therefore, one-third of America today lives in poverty (p. 4). Within those 103 million, there are approximately 20.5 million people in America who fall into the category of “deep poverty,” making less than $9,000 for a family of three or more (p. 5). These people make up about 6.7% of the population (p. 5). Finally, within these 20 ...


Obtaining Crla Level Three International Tutor Certification, Meredith Garrett Jan 2018

Obtaining Crla Level Three International Tutor Certification, Meredith Garrett

Education Dissertations and Projects

This summary outlines the process of obtaining level three international tutor certification through the College Reading and Learning Association (CRLA) at Gardner-Webb University. The Learning Enrichment and Assistance Program (LEAP) provides peer tutoring for undergraduate students and is associated with the University division of student success. CRLA is an international tutoring certification program in which college tutoring centers can apply for level one, two, and/or three certification to learn and apply best tutoring practices. To achieve level one tutor certification, the tutoring center must ensure the individual tutor completes a total of 10 hours of CRLA approved tutoring training ...


Putting Experience To Work: Leveraging Student Attributes And Abilities In The Development Of An Adult Learner Professional Readiness Experience Program, Erin E. Cook Jan 2018

Putting Experience To Work: Leveraging Student Attributes And Abilities In The Development Of An Adult Learner Professional Readiness Experience Program, Erin E. Cook

Education Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of the project was to provide an opportunity for adult learners at Gardner-Webb University to collectively engage in professional development within their program of study. Specifically, the program was designed to harness an adult learner’s prior knowledge, skills, and life experiences as an enhancement to his or her future professional work.

At the beginning of the project, no established professional development program was available for adult learners. The development of the Adult Learner Professional Readiness Experience Program (AL-PREP) allowed the aforementioned purpose to align with Gardner-Webb curriculum.

Goals, objectives, and data collection methods were established in order ...


Collaborating, Cultivating, Connections, Danny L. Moore Jan 2018

Collaborating, Cultivating, Connections, Danny L. Moore

Education Dissertations and Projects

In 2013, Northview Middle School was seen as a focus school with the student achievement gap that had not closed within 3 years, and the main factor was the underperforming subgroups. The Black males were severely underperforming on all core subject areas and creating discipline issues within the classroom environment. At this rate, these students would mostly not graduate from school and end up in the school-to-prison pipeline.

Black male students who have not had success in the regular public schools may have low self-esteem and poor grades and may not be engaged in school; that is the reason for ...


Transforming Organizational Climate After A Transitional Change In Leadership At The Unitarian Universalist Church Of Catawba Valley, Elizabeth Lee Braun Jan 2018

Transforming Organizational Climate After A Transitional Change In Leadership At The Unitarian Universalist Church Of Catawba Valley, Elizabeth Lee Braun

Education Dissertations and Projects

In the summer of 2016, the Unitarian Universalist Church of Catawba Valley saw the retirement of its long-time minister and the hiring of a quarter-time consulting minister. In the 3-5 years leading up to that, the church had been experiencing a drop in general attendance, a decrease in overall membership, minimally functioning committees, defunct committees, and low morale.

Applying Morgan’s (2006) metaphor of organizations as cultures, which shows “how organization ultimately rests in shared systems of meaning, hence the actions and interpretive schemes that create and re-create that meaning” (p. 138), and which allows organizations “another means of creating ...


The Inception Of A Prediabetes Prevention Program In County Government, Gregory R. Grier Jan 2018

The Inception Of A Prediabetes Prevention Program In County Government, Gregory R. Grier

Education Dissertations and Projects

With the increasing prevalence and high cost of treatment, diabetes places an enormous demand on economic resources. To combat this issue and rising health care costs,Cleveland County Government took a proactive approach and partnered with its local YMCA. The YMCA was contracted to provide Prediabetes Prevention and Diabetes Control program classes to County employees. The programs were designed to (a) decrease the A1c level of program participants, (b) lower health care costs for the County, and (c) provide education about prevention and maintenance.

The ultimate goal of the program was to assist county administration and staff in their efforts ...


A Nonprofit Board Development Plan For The Cleveland County Abuse Prevention Council, Barbara Bass Romich Jan 2018

A Nonprofit Board Development Plan For The Cleveland County Abuse Prevention Council, Barbara Bass Romich

Education Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this consultancy was to assist in the transformation of the Cleveland County Abuse Prevention Council (CCAPC) from a director-led organization (governance model) to a board-directed (support model) organization through the development of an active, effective Board of Directors . The mission of CCAPC is, “to serve as a bridge between being a victim to becoming a survivor of domestic violence, sexual assault and homelessness through the provision of safe shelter, advocacy, support services, and preventive education.” After 4 years of securing grants, loans, and private donations through a “Building Hope capital campaign,” CCAPC was poised to break ground ...


Continuing Education Certification Programs For Career-Long Learning: Winston-Salem State University, Patricia Oliver Jan 2018

Continuing Education Certification Programs For Career-Long Learning: Winston-Salem State University, Patricia Oliver

Education Dissertations and Projects

The Division of Continuing Education at Winston-Salem State University has a service gap in the market regarding career-long learning in the community. Continuing Education wanted to establish a project that would bring in revenue with very little start-up costs.

The purpose of this project was to look atcareer-long learning as a concept in the disciplines of allied health, computer technology, paralegal, project management, and business administration at Winston-Salem State University in the Division of Continuing Education. The need for in-depth education and training in specific areas has been influenced by the shortage of corporations and hospitals in some areas. One ...


Investigating Aromatherapy As A Test Anxiety Intervention For Undergraduate Nursing Students, Brittany Graham Jan 2018

Investigating Aromatherapy As A Test Anxiety Intervention For Undergraduate Nursing Students, Brittany Graham

Education Dissertations and Projects

This project seeks to explore the concept of aromatherapy as an intervention for undergraduate nursing student test anxiety in greater depth. Test anxiety is significant in nursing education because of the high stakes weight of exams and difficulties associated with answering multiple choice and multiple response questions. Historically, the Hunt School of Nursing has not provided specific procedures or interventions to assist students with test anxiety; however, this project seeks to outline a pathway for the development and achievement of a successful aromatherapy program for undergraduate students. On an informal trial basis, the use of aromatherapy lotions prior to exams ...


Building The Foundation: Initiating Assessment Practices For North Carolina Housing Officers, Marinda C. Bliss Jan 2018

Building The Foundation: Initiating Assessment Practices For North Carolina Housing Officers, Marinda C. Bliss

Education Dissertations and Projects

Enrollment at institutions of higher education were tight markets with overlapping competition for the same customers in many areas. The typical undergraduate student market was an informed consumer who sought the amenities of home for their student housing. The shift for the student market placed residence hall programs in competition with one another, thus the need for timely assessment of the residence hall facilities, programs, staff, and customers to plan appropriately for the future is appropriate.

North Carolina Housing Officers, also known as NCHO, served 57 institutions in North Carolina that have residence hall programs for the promotion of idea ...


A Study Of Rigor, Teacher Self-Efficacy, And Student Achievement In Three High Schools In A Rural School District In Eastern North Carolina, Katrina Hannon Cobb Jan 2018

A Study Of Rigor, Teacher Self-Efficacy, And Student Achievement In Three High Schools In A Rural School District In Eastern North Carolina, Katrina Hannon Cobb

Education Dissertations and Projects

This study investigated the importance of rigor and teacher efficacy in relation to student achievement. There are several definitions of the word rigor. Blackburn (2008) defined rigor as “An environment in which each student is expected to learn at high levels, each student is supported so he or she can learn at high levels, and each student demonstrates learning at high levels” (p. 16). ACT/SAT data, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), the High School Survey of Student Engagement (HSSSE), and the High School Reform and Work all conclude that students who are college and career ready have ...


Who Is Selected To Participate In Gifted And Talented Programs In A Small Southeastern School District?, Kancy Cleveland Jan 2018

Who Is Selected To Participate In Gifted And Talented Programs In A Small Southeastern School District?, Kancy Cleveland

Education Dissertations and Projects

This study describes a descriptive quantitative study and a binomial logistic regression model that looked at a total population versus academically gifted and talented population in Grades 3-6 in a small southeastern school district. Both populations were examined through the independent variables classified as age, gender, and socioeconomic status. Socioeconomic status was determined by if a student’s lunch was full pay, reduced pay, or free. The dependent variable was whether each student was identified as academically gifted and talented or not academically gifted and talented. Do the two different populations (total versus gifted) evenly or equally represent age, gender ...


A Study Of Staff Development And Teacher Efficacy In Implementing Standards-Based Grading At The Elementary Schools In A Rural School District In North Carolina, Brayton Alan Leonhardt Jan 2018

A Study Of Staff Development And Teacher Efficacy In Implementing Standards-Based Grading At The Elementary Schools In A Rural School District In North Carolina, Brayton Alan Leonhardt

Education Dissertations and Projects

Standards-based grading is still in its infancy within North Carolina. At this time, only 12 of the 115 school districts have incorporated the standards-based form of grading into their system. As school districts across North Carolina look to implement different forms of grading to assess student learning, it will be important to look at the effectiveness of the professional development that accompanies the shift. The research questions that guided this work center around the support needed by teachers during the transition period and the impact of the professional development on their understanding of how to successfully implement standards-based grading.

The ...


The Impact Of The Gradual Release Of Responsibility Professional Development On Teacher Self-Efficacy, Elizabeth Head Danley Jan 2018

The Impact Of The Gradual Release Of Responsibility Professional Development On Teacher Self-Efficacy, Elizabeth Head Danley

Education Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of the Gradual Release of Responsibility instructional framework professional development on teacher self-efficacy and the perception of its impact on student achievement. The scope of this study was a qualitative study including focus group interviews and open-ended question responses of teachers and administrators who had participated in the professional development in a rural district in the foothills of North Carolina. The methodology included focus group interviews and coding the responses from the open-ended professional development questions. The findings include teacher quotes from the transcriptions of the interviews as supporting the ...


Nurturing Potential: The Impact Of Talent Development On Underrepresented Gifted Populations, Sara Newell Jan 2018

Nurturing Potential: The Impact Of Talent Development On Underrepresented Gifted Populations, Sara Newell

Education Dissertations and Projects

Data on gifted education show a clear problem: lack of diversity in gifted education programs. This fact is compounded by additional data showing a disparaging difference in achievement of Caucasian versus minority students. Together, these concepts are referred to as the excellence gap in gifted education. Talent development, or the location and nurturing of potential talent in underrepresented populations, has been recommended in the gifted community as a possible step in resolving these inequities (Ellis & Martin, 2017; Ford, 2010; National Association of Gifted Children [NAGC], 2015; Reinhard, 2016; Thornbury, 2010).

Through an explanatory mixed methods study, this research analyzed the impact implementation ...