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Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

2013

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A Study Of The Articulated Leadership Practices Of Principals In Relation To The Literature On The Characteristics Of High Performing Principals, Janet Grooms Dec 2013

A Study Of The Articulated Leadership Practices Of Principals In Relation To The Literature On The Characteristics Of High Performing Principals, Janet Grooms

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

2013

In the modern world of education and 21st century school systems, improvements in student achievements are recognized as the foremost objective of school reforms and restructuring efforts. The criticism continues to spread across the country for public schools that fail to meet students’ needs, especially in the urban areas where the achievement gap is widening. School communities and educational leaders continue to demand more accountability from principals as instructional leaders because of the decline in student achievement, as measured by states’ standardized achievement tests. The trend in most school systems is that the school principal is required by the ...


The Impact Of The K-8 Reconfiguration Of Three Schools On Parent Trust In A Small Urban School District In New Jersey, Frank Ayirebi Asante Dec 2013

The Impact Of The K-8 Reconfiguration Of Three Schools On Parent Trust In A Small Urban School District In New Jersey, Frank Ayirebi Asante

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of the reconfiguration of three schools, on parent trust, as measured by parent perceptions in a small urban school district in New Jersey.

For this study an interview protocol was developed to elicit parent responses about the reconfigured schools’ ability to meet the middle school needs of their children and it’s impact on one component of the parent school relationship; trust.

The reader is provided with direct quotations from the interview participants which consisted of parents with mixed socio-economic and racial backgrounds from the reconfigured schools whose children attend ...


Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Supplemental Educational Services In Large Texas School Districts, Carlos Lee Dec 2013

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Supplemental Educational Services In Large Texas School Districts, Carlos Lee

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

ABSTRACT

With the need for greater education reform, President George W. Bush and Congress enacted No Child Left Behind (U. S. Department of Education, 2001). The enactment of NCLB was accompanied by additional requirements concerning accountability for student achievement. The search for methods that provide educational enhancements continues through the work of schools and local community members (Hock, Pulvers, Deshler, & Schumaker, 2001). Supplemental Educational Services (SES) are defined as supplementary academic instructional services intended to raise the level of academic achievement of Title I students in schools that have failed to meet federal mandated AYP standards for three consecutive years ...


The Dissipation Of Urban High School Students' Post-Secondary Educational Aspirations And Career Planning During The College Choice Process, La Toro Yates Dec 2013

The Dissipation Of Urban High School Students' Post-Secondary Educational Aspirations And Career Planning During The College Choice Process, La Toro Yates

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Given the gap in the college choice literature about the decision-making process students use when making a decision on whether or not to attend college (McDonough & Calderone, 2010), the purpose of this study was to explore urban high school students’ perceptions of the structural factors that may influence their post-secondary educational aspirations and career plans. By working with students and guidance counselors at Sheridan High School, categorized as an urban high school but located in a rural area in the mid-Atlantic region of the country, the research team was able to gain information about how students navigate the college choice process and decide to enter or not to enter post-secondary education.

Three supplemental theoretical approaches, the college choice model (Hossler & Gallagher, 1987), multicultural navigator model (Carter, 2005), and cultural capital and habitus theory (Bourdieu, 1977, 1990), were utilized in this study to analyze the social and cultural factors that impact urban students’ development of paths to post-secondary education. This study explored the challenges urban students face while navigating the college choice process and the strategies they use to surmount obstacles to enter post-secondary education.

Nine students (African American and White) participated in the study over a three-year period at a high school categorized as an urban high school but located in a rural area in the mid-Atlantic region of the country. The students and their families lived either in the city of Sheridan or in three small rural towns within the district. At the start of the study, all of the students stated that their goal after graduating from Sheridan High School was to go to college. The study indicates that White students were significantly influenced by their parents, who made sure the students were in Sheridan’s Honors and International Baccalaureate programs, which were deemed to better prepare students for college by faculty, guidance counselors, and administrators in the school, whereas African American students (eligible for the free- and reduced-lunch program) did not received significant support or clear information about the college choice process from their parents; and the students did not develop succinct plans for post-secondary educational opportunities.

There is ample research to support that African American students can achieve similar educational outcomes to White students if they are exposed to professionals and professional careers during their formative years (Freeman, 2005; McDonough & Calderone, 2010; Pitre, 2006). School officials should work with local social originations and community leaders to create and foster programs that engage professionals (mentorship, tutoring, career shadowing, college counseling) to ...


The Influence Of Montessori-Based Literacy Instruction And Methods On Reading Achievement Of Students In Grades 3, 4, 5, 6, And 7, Frances Bowman Dec 2013

The Influence Of Montessori-Based Literacy Instruction And Methods On Reading Achievement Of Students In Grades 3, 4, 5, 6, And 7, Frances Bowman

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)


Abstract

This study examines the influence of Montessori-based literacy curriculum and instruction on student achievement in Grades 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7. I studied 71 matched pairs of urban charter school students (n=142) to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in reading achievement, as measured by the Maryland School Assessment (MSA), between students who were instructed by their teachers in Montessori literacy methods and curriculum and students from a nearby charter school who were instructed by their teachers using a basal reading method. T-tests were used to compare the mean scores of the combined grade levels ...


Teacher Evaluation Of The Scripted Reading Street Program And The Level Of Satisfaction Among Its Sub-Scale Components, Danielle Savino-Garzon Oct 2013

Teacher Evaluation Of The Scripted Reading Street Program And The Level Of Satisfaction Among Its Sub-Scale Components, Danielle Savino-Garzon

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) transformed the system of accountability for schools in the United States by implementing high stakes consequences for poor performance on standardized tests. Scripted curriculum has become a common practice as a means to prepare students to achieve the academic standards measured by standardized tests. The purpose of this mixed-methods research study was to explore teachers’ evaluation of the scripted Reading Street program and the implementation of the sub-scale components of this curriculum within their classrooms in one New Jersey urban district. This study was conducted to determine whether there were challenges ...


A Qualitative Investigation: Why Teachers Are Not Aspiring To The Principalship, Jennifer Carne Oct 2013

A Qualitative Investigation: Why Teachers Are Not Aspiring To The Principalship, Jennifer Carne

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

While No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top inaugurated new movements in education, it has been reported that school districts are finding it increasingly difficult to recruit qualified new principals. Reports indicate there is an abundance of certified individuals able to assume this position. However, the principalship has evolved into a position that is associated with additional responsibilities and new accountability mandates.

The purpose of this study is to explore the reasons why teachers who hold administrative certifications are not pursuing the principalship. During this new era of educational accountability, it is important to understand why teachers pursued ...


Exploring Community Colleges In The Stem Education Landscape : Development Of Stem College Major Choice Model, Colleen Evans Oct 2013

Exploring Community Colleges In The Stem Education Landscape : Development Of Stem College Major Choice Model, Colleen Evans

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Community colleges are becoming increasingly relevant as an entrance point into postsecondary education for potential science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors. These institutions are also an important education pathway for women and racial/ethnic minorities who are currently underrepresented in the STEM workforce. The purpose of this study is to understand how student demographics, high school, and college experiences influence the entrance of community college students to the STEM college majors. Data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS: 2002) were used for the study. Students included in the study began their postsecondary education at community colleges. Descriptive ...


Does Homogenous Ability Grouping For High School Honors English Instruction Benefit The High Achiever?, Douglas Paul Hostetter Aug 2013

Does Homogenous Ability Grouping For High School Honors English Instruction Benefit The High Achiever?, Douglas Paul Hostetter

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Public schools are examining their policies and instructional practices to address the achievement gap exposed by the reporting requirements of NCLB (Wenglinski, 2004). As accountability measures and stakes rise, there is a call for an improved use ofscientific evidence to inform educational policymaking (Wiseman, 2010). In terms ofthe achievement gap, national studies at the secondary level show when students are grouped according to ability there is a rise in achievement inequality between the groups (Gamoran & Mare, 1989; Hoffer, 1992). The purpose ofthis study is to determine ifthere is a tangible, measurable academic benefit to homogeneously grouping high school honors English students in ...


A Qualitative Examination Of Factors Influencing Assistant Principal Motivation To Pursue A Principalship In An Era Of Accountability, Brian B. Brotschul Jul 2013

A Qualitative Examination Of Factors Influencing Assistant Principal Motivation To Pursue A Principalship In An Era Of Accountability, Brian B. Brotschul

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The purpose of this study was to examine assistant principals with five or more years of experience and investigate the factors that influence their decision to pursue a school principal position. The study examined Self-Determined Motivation Theory and identified components that influence assistant principal motivation. The study found that assistant principals have a high level of self-efficacy and believe in their ability to positively impact educational organizations. The study also found that accountability pressures of Achieve NJ and No Child Left Behind influence the perception of the school principal role and limit the attractiveness of the position among career assistant ...


The Influences Of Race And Gender On The Leadership Of African American Female Principals Of Predominantly White Elementary Schools, Shauna Angelina Carter Jul 2013

The Influences Of Race And Gender On The Leadership Of African American Female Principals Of Predominantly White Elementary Schools, Shauna Angelina Carter

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

No abstract provided.


Integrated Theater Arts And Strategies (Itas) Program And Its Impact On Teachers’ Integration Of Theater Arts Strategies In Targeted Literacy Skills, Cayce J. Cummins Jun 2013

Integrated Theater Arts And Strategies (Itas) Program And Its Impact On Teachers’ Integration Of Theater Arts Strategies In Targeted Literacy Skills, Cayce J. Cummins

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Visual and performing arts can be taught in isolation or integrated with other core content subjects such as literacy, math, science, and social studies. Jersey City Public Schools (JCPS) implemented the Integrated Theater and Arts Strategies (ITAS) program beginning in the 2008-2009 school year and lasting through the 2010-2011 school year with eight targeted schools. Visual and performing arts standards exist in both the state’s core curriculum standards and national standards. Despite these existing standards, implementation is minimal in JCPS. JCPS plans to develop and implement the ITAS program for targeted schools with sixth and seventh grade students. Language ...


Content Validity Of The New York State Spanish Comprehensive Regents Examination, Lisa Mars Jun 2013

Content Validity Of The New York State Spanish Comprehensive Regents Examination, Lisa Mars

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Alignment to New York State Modern Languages Checkpoint B Syllabus and New York State Modern Languages Standards 2006-2011. The purpose of this alignment study of the years 2006-2011 of Part 2 of the Spanish Languages Other Than English Comprehensive Regents Examination was to describe (a) the categorical concurrence of the New York State Comprehensive Spanish Regents Examination 2006-2011, (b) the depth of knowledge consistency as defined by Webb of the items of the New York State Comprehensive Spanish Regents Examination 2006-2011, and (c) the range of knowledge correspondence of the New York State Comprehensive Spanish Regents Examination 2006-2011, defined as ...


An Analysis Of The State Nutrition Policies In The United States, Laura A. Merkle Apr 2013

An Analysis Of The State Nutrition Policies In The United States, Laura A. Merkle

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

No abstract provided.


Academic Pathways: An Account And Analysis Of Post Secondary Destinations, Joy E. Alfano Apr 2013

Academic Pathways: An Account And Analysis Of Post Secondary Destinations, Joy E. Alfano

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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Work-Life Balance For Administrators In The Academy: Under Ideal Worker Pressure, Kelly E. Wilk Apr 2013

Work-Life Balance For Administrators In The Academy: Under Ideal Worker Pressure, Kelly E. Wilk

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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Controversial Policy Change In A Community College: Exploring The Institutional Consequences, Jessica Chambers Apr 2013

Controversial Policy Change In A Community College: Exploring The Institutional Consequences, Jessica Chambers

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

No abstract provided.


School District Of Philadelphia Student Achievement As Related To 2008-2009 K-8 Teachers' Perceptions Of Major Academic Indicators, Cheryl Mason-Dorman Mar 2013

School District Of Philadelphia Student Achievement As Related To 2008-2009 K-8 Teachers' Perceptions Of Major Academic Indicators, Cheryl Mason-Dorman

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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The Responsive Roles Of Campus Art Museums/Galleries In Urban Public Universities: A Case Study Of Organizational Ddaptation, Daphne, Mei-Yuan Chao, Dawn Mar 2013

The Responsive Roles Of Campus Art Museums/Galleries In Urban Public Universities: A Case Study Of Organizational Ddaptation, Daphne, Mei-Yuan Chao, Dawn

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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Implementing Connected Math Project 2: Observable Influences Of Professional Development Activities On Reported Staff Attitudes About Implementation, Mary Lee Kappes Feb 2013

Implementing Connected Math Project 2: Observable Influences Of Professional Development Activities On Reported Staff Attitudes About Implementation, Mary Lee Kappes

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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Leadership Behaviors Which Facilitate Exemplary Instructional Practice From The Perspective Of Expert Teachers, Janet Evers-Goodwin Feb 2013

Leadership Behaviors Which Facilitate Exemplary Instructional Practice From The Perspective Of Expert Teachers, Janet Evers-Goodwin

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

No abstract provided.


Diversity Among Latino/A College Students And Its Impact On Student Organization Involvement, Enmanuel Mercedes Jan 2013

Diversity Among Latino/A College Students And Its Impact On Student Organization Involvement, Enmanuel Mercedes

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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A Study Of Assistant Principals’ Perceptions Of The Principalship And Their Career Aspirations, James Dewitt Oliver Iii Jan 2013

A Study Of Assistant Principals’ Perceptions Of The Principalship And Their Career Aspirations, James Dewitt Oliver Iii

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The importance of attracting, selecting, and retaining effective principals is essential. Due to the negative perceptions of the principalship, there are concerns about who will fill these vacancies. Therefore, this study focused on perceptions of second and third year assistant principals toward the principalship and their career aspirations. The following research questions guided this study: (a) How do assistant principals perceive the role of the principal? (b) What are the factors that influence assistant principals’ motivation to seek or not to seek a position as a school principal? The research design used a qualitative approach to ascertain in-depth information to ...


Superintendents’ Beliefs About Barriers That Can Influence Their District Technology Leadership Practices, Sharon M. Biggs Jan 2013

Superintendents’ Beliefs About Barriers That Can Influence Their District Technology Leadership Practices, Sharon M. Biggs

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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The Effect Of Grade Configuration On The Academic Achievement Of Special Needs Students: The Case Of New Jersey, Derrick E. Nelson Jan 2013

The Effect Of Grade Configuration On The Academic Achievement Of Special Needs Students: The Case Of New Jersey, Derrick E. Nelson

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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Organizational Sense-Making And Enactment: Public Policy And Change-Making Of Private Professional College Administrations In Kerala, India, Biju A. Chittuparamban Jan 2013

Organizational Sense-Making And Enactment: Public Policy And Change-Making Of Private Professional College Administrations In Kerala, India, Biju A. Chittuparamban

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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The Relationship Between Small Urban High Schools And Resiliency In At-Risk Students, Monique A. Darrisaw-Akil Jan 2013

The Relationship Between Small Urban High Schools And Resiliency In At-Risk Students, Monique A. Darrisaw-Akil

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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The Educational Case Against School District Consolidation: A Study Of School District Structure, Victor P. Hayek Jan 2013

The Educational Case Against School District Consolidation: A Study Of School District Structure, Victor P. Hayek

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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The Influence Of High School Academics On Freshman College Mathematics And Science Courses At Suny Oswego, Tolga Hayali Jan 2013

The Influence Of High School Academics On Freshman College Mathematics And Science Courses At Suny Oswego, Tolga Hayali

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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Admission Crisis In Nigerian Universities : The Challenges Youth And Parents Face In Seeking Admission, Bakwaph Peter Kanyip Jan 2013

Admission Crisis In Nigerian Universities : The Challenges Youth And Parents Face In Seeking Admission, Bakwaph Peter Kanyip

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The need for access to university education has recently become vital in Nigeria as a result of an increase in the college-age population and an awareness of the role of university education in the development of the individual as well as the nation. Recent admission policies of Nigerian universities have been dissatisfactory to the Nigerian public as many applicants and parents go through difficulties while seeking admission for limited available spaces in the universities. Universities take the task of admission of students into the academic system seriously, using the guidelines set by the National Universities Commission (NUC) and the Joint ...