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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Leading Change: The Role Of The Principal Leading School Improvement Through Implementation Of The Iowa Professional Development Model, Pamela Armstrong-Vogel Jan 2008

Leading Change: The Role Of The Principal Leading School Improvement Through Implementation Of The Iowa Professional Development Model, Pamela Armstrong-Vogel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In 2004, all accredited public schools in Iowa enacted a research-based program to increase student achievement. The Iowa Professional Development Model has outlined a sequence of steps that those in schools should follow. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to discover and understand the behaviors and practices of one school principal in a high-implementation school as he worked with a staff using the Model. Understanding how a principal led staff as the Model was implemented should help to inform others regarding the development of capacity and new knowledge and skills that are needed by those in schools.;Data ...


The Impact Of Flexible Grouping On Reading Achievement For Sixth Grade Students, Jill Marie Reisner Jan 2008

The Impact Of Flexible Grouping On Reading Achievement For Sixth Grade Students, Jill Marie Reisner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A quantitative case study at a three-section Midwestern elementary school examined a current flexible grouping method, with increased numbers of teachers, being implemented in sixth grade classrooms versus the traditional whole group instruction. Using Iowa Test of Basic Skills (ITBS) data, the research analyzed if flexible grouping can significantly increase reading achievement in sixth grade students. The research compared the means of sixth grade students national percentile rank (NPR) of the participating students in the area of reading, on their fifth grade ITBS test to their NPR on their sixth grade ITBS test. Results suggest there was no significant growth ...


An Assessment Of Performance Measures In Child Nutrition Programs, Elizabeth Northway Hanna Jan 2008

An Assessment Of Performance Measures In Child Nutrition Programs, Elizabeth Northway Hanna

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

School Child Nutrition Program (CNP) directors are expected to operate efficient, productive, and effective meals programs (Boehrer, 1993; Decker, et al. 1992; USDA, 2008). A variety of performance measures can be used to assess CNPs' operational effectiveness. The purposes of this research were to investigate management and financial attributes perceived by foodservice directors of medium-size public school districts in the United States to impact performance measures for CNPs and investigate whether widely used standards for these performance measures, based on previous research, were relevant due to a variety of changes that had occurred in CNPs.;Two electronic questionnaires were sent ...


An Equity Analysis Of The Iowa School Funding Model That Addresses The Instructional Support Program And The Influence This Program Has On Student Achievement, Nicholas Joseph Ouellette Jan 2008

An Equity Analysis Of The Iowa School Funding Model That Addresses The Instructional Support Program And The Influence This Program Has On Student Achievement, Nicholas Joseph Ouellette

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Financial equity among school districts across the country has been studied for many years. Research has given mixed reviews that increased funding will equate to higher student achievement. As educators and legislators debate the adequacy and equity of funding for all schools across states and the country, having a strong foundation of research in which to base the discussion is crucial. School funding models must be studied to ensure that all students have an opportunity for an equitable and adequate educational experience.;The purpose of this study was to take a look at the Iowa school funding model and the ...


Pre- And Post-Admission Criteria As Predictors Of Academic Success In An Associate Degree Nursing Program, Nancy Lee Conzett Muecke Jan 2008

Pre- And Post-Admission Criteria As Predictors Of Academic Success In An Associate Degree Nursing Program, Nancy Lee Conzett Muecke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Early identification of predictors of academic success or challenges assists faculty and staff in providing effective support to those who may need it. This study examined the relationship between selected pre- and post-admission criteria and two measures of academic success: successful completion of an associate degree registered nursing program (ADN), and first-attempt success on the National Council Licensing Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). The subjects were 404 students enrolled in the nursing program between 1998 and 2005. The nursing program was located at a small, private, health-system based institution in the Midwest.;There were six pre-admission independent variables and five ...


Connections, Confidence, And Competence: The Meaning Of Professional Development For Community College Support Staff Personnel, Juliana Gammon Huiskamp Jan 2008

Connections, Confidence, And Competence: The Meaning Of Professional Development For Community College Support Staff Personnel, Juliana Gammon Huiskamp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using a qualitative, phenomenological methodology this dissertation study describes and examines the meaning of participation in professional development for community college support staff and the perceived meaning, benefits, and challenges to both the individual participant and the institution. The research site is an urban Midwestern U.S. community college that offers a comprehensive staff development program. The study includes the perspectives of both support staff participants in professional development and administrative staff who work closely with the program. A total of 15, all female, participants---11 support staff and four administrative staff---took part in the study.;This study was of interest ...


Second Fiddle?: An Interpretive Study Of Followers Of Servant Leaders, Shirley Ruth Oetjen Beaver Jan 2008

Second Fiddle?: An Interpretive Study Of Followers Of Servant Leaders, Shirley Ruth Oetjen Beaver

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the follower experiences of five nursing educators led by servant leaders in two institutions of higher education. One institution was a small, private, religiously-affiliated college and the other was a large public university. The data collected provided insight into the phenomenon of followership, focusing on the meaning of what it is like to be a follower who is led by a servant leader.;An interpretive research methodology was used for the qualitative study which included interviews with five nursing educators who shared their experiences of being led by a servant leader. The ...


Transformative Learning Partnerships: Bridging Research And Practice To Improve The Lives Of Older People, Rhoda Helton Meador Jan 2008

Transformative Learning Partnerships: Bridging Research And Practice To Improve The Lives Of Older People, Rhoda Helton Meador

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focused on consensus building and learning partnerships between researchers and practitioners aimed at improving the lives of older people. A series of three papers used an exploratory qualitative approach to describe the application of innovative methods that bridge the gap between research and practice in three case studies. Three research questions guided these case studies: (1) What joint perspectives and recommendations emerge when participants in community-based participatory research partnerships reach consensus about issues that impact the lives of older people?, (2) What role does learning play in community-based participatory research partnerships involving researchers and practitioners?, and (3) How ...


Guidance Counselors' Perceptions Of High School Family And Consumer Sciences Programs: A Case Study Of Eight Guidance Counselors In Eastern Iowa, Valarie L. Betz Jan 2008

Guidance Counselors' Perceptions Of High School Family And Consumer Sciences Programs: A Case Study Of Eight Guidance Counselors In Eastern Iowa, Valarie L. Betz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify and analyze themes related to the perceptions of high school guidance counselors regarding family and consumer sciences (FCS) courses to understand their potential influence on students. Utilizing a descriptive case study approach, the researcher interviewed eight guidance counselors from eastern Iowa to determine their perceptions and understandings of FCS programs.;The data analysis indicated these guidance counselors assume many duties and responsibilities in their roles assisting secondary level students in reaching academic, career, and personal/social goals. Although the findings revealed guidance counselors have limited knowledge of the practice settings and ...


Leadership Preparation And Career Pathways Of Community College Presidents, Gregory R. Schmitz Jan 2008

Leadership Preparation And Career Pathways Of Community College Presidents, Gregory R. Schmitz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The role of community colleges is in a state of change and, at the same time, the need for new leaders is greater than ever before as many seasoned presidents near retirement. To exacerbate the problem, the pool of qualified candidates is reduced by the high number of senior administrators who are also approaching retirement. Past and present community college presidents are represented by a relatively homogenous group, which does not mirror the current gender and ethnic diversity of the students they serve. These leaders travel predominately to the presidency through a single career path---from academic positions. The purpose of ...


The Development And Field Test Of The Education Technology Leadership Assessment Survey, Greg Davis Jan 2008

The Development And Field Test Of The Education Technology Leadership Assessment Survey, Greg Davis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Education Technology Leadership is known to be a key element in the successful use of technology in education. The evaluation of education technology leadership is often aided by the use of education technology standards for administrators. While education technology leadership is often associated as primarily the role of school administrators, education technology leadership also emerges from other sources; for example, teachers, technology coordinators, parents, students, and community members. Collaborative leadership theory provides a theoretical basis for the premise that education technology leadership may be effectively distributed across an organization. There is support in the literature indicating school administrators have been ...


Strategies Used By Secondary Spanish Teachers In Heritage Language Student Classrooms, Tracie Korbitz Chandrasekaran Jan 2008

Strategies Used By Secondary Spanish Teachers In Heritage Language Student Classrooms, Tracie Korbitz Chandrasekaran

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Heritage language speakers (HLS) in Iowa have increased annually in recent years due to the growing number of immigrants moving into the state. According to the English Language Learners Report of 2001, English language learners of Hispanic descent have increased by 636.3% between the school years of 1985-1986 and 2006-2007 (Iowa State Board of Education, 2007, p. 64).;Although some educators and members of the public might view HLS in public schools as problematic because of their need for English as a second language (ESL) classes, these unique learners can also be viewed as an asset. HLS possess knowledge ...


The Community College Presidency In The New Millennium: Gender Differences In Leadership Preparation, Alethea F. Stubbe Jan 2008

The Community College Presidency In The New Millennium: Gender Differences In Leadership Preparation, Alethea F. Stubbe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Community colleges educate nearly half of all students in higher education. With the majority of presidents, upper-level administrators and faculty nearing retirement, community colleges are in the midst of a serious leadership shortage, and a potential leadership crisis. In addition, the community college presidency is changing nationwide to meet 21st century challenges of higher education, requiring a different set of traits, skills, and abilities for effective leadership. Given the complex, changing role of community colleges and their leaders and dwindling numbers of qualified candidates to meet the need for new leaders, the purpose of this study was to develop a ...


Along Divergent Paths: A Two-Part Thesis In Creative And Technical Writing, Angela C. Furtado-Rasmussen Jan 2008

Along Divergent Paths: A Two-Part Thesis In Creative And Technical Writing, Angela C. Furtado-Rasmussen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Due to the difference topics representing each co-major--Creative Writing and Rhetoric, Composition, and Professional Communications--this thesis is divided into two parts. Part I focuses on the creative writing portion of my thesis--the first half of my young adult fantasy novel. Part II focuses on my interests in visual communication and secondary education as fulfillment for the rhetoric portion of my master's degree in English.;Abstract Part I: Creative Writing Two magical books--one good, one evil--each concealed and protected until now.;It began 300 years ago in the secluded mountain town of Cennfhain. There, the battle between The Senchen and ...


Gender And Book Clubs In The Middle School Setting, Amanda Jayne Forsyth Jan 2008

Gender And Book Clubs In The Middle School Setting, Amanda Jayne Forsyth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the influence of gender in designing and implementing book clubs at the middle school level. Several secondary questions address this concern. These include which gender dominates and/or supports the discussion, how gender influences book selection, how each gender enjoys reading and discussing books in varied gender groupings, and how gender influences the level of textual analysis enacted in discussion. This study used both quantitative and qualitative data. The following recommendation was made as a result of the study: Middle school students should be offered both mixed-gender and same-gender book clubs. This recommendation was based on the ...


An Assessment Of Leadership Development Programs For Employees In Iowa's Community Colleges, Karen J. Vickers Jan 2007

An Assessment Of Leadership Development Programs For Employees In Iowa's Community Colleges, Karen J. Vickers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The development of potential leaders for the community college system is critical for their continued success. Research has indicated that many community college administrative staff are preparing for their retirements. As current leaders take their leave, it is essential to ensure there are qualified persons stepping forward to continue leading the colleges. Leadership development programs must be in place to assure there are trained leaders to continue the tradition of the community colleges.;The purpose of this study was to describe the impact of two existing leadership development programs on the community college system and its employees in Iowa. The ...


On The Inside Looking In: The Dynamics And Experiences Of Internally Hired Principals Of Iowa Public School Districts, John Chalstrom Jan 2007

On The Inside Looking In: The Dynamics And Experiences Of Internally Hired Principals Of Iowa Public School Districts, John Chalstrom

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Educational administrative positions are often given to individuals who are hired from outside of a public school district. These individuals are hired for their experience, leadership qualities, and particular expertise. However, it may serve districts well to look internally in their own ranks and promote those persons who possess the necessary leadership skills and dedication needed to administer a school. This qualitative study will examine the merits of internal promotion and succession planning as it pertains to school administration at the building level through the theoretical constructs of place-bound theory and institutional ethnography.


The Challenges Of The Community College Presidency In The New Millennium: Pathways, Preparation, Competencies, And Leadership Programs Needed To Survive, Christopher A. Duree Jan 2007

The Challenges Of The Community College Presidency In The New Millennium: Pathways, Preparation, Competencies, And Leadership Programs Needed To Survive, Christopher A. Duree

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Many of the community college presidents, upper-level administrators, and faculty, who began their careers during the advent of the community colleges in the 1960's and 1970's, are nearing the end of their careers. In a survey conducted by the American Association of Community Colleges (AACC) in 2001, community college presidents responded that 45% planned to retire by 2007 (Shults, 2001). In a similar study, Weisman and Vaughan (2002) found that 79% of the presidents surveyed intended to retire by 2012. The amount of history, experience and expertise that will be lost with their retirement is immeasurable.;In April ...


Factors Influencing The Effectiveness Of School Foodservice Programs, Janey Knight Thornton Jan 2007

Factors Influencing The Effectiveness Of School Foodservice Programs, Janey Knight Thornton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

District school foodservice directors are retiring in record numbers nationwide, and there is concern many of these positions are being filled with unqualified individuals. As federal and state legislation has changed the role child nutrition plays at the district level, school foodservice directors have greater administrative responsibilities to ensure these mandates are met. Realizing that in many cases the local board of education and superintendent may not recognize skills needed by a director to successfully operate a multifaceted foodservice program, there is concern that as the district school foodservice director's position becomes vacant, the position may be filled with ...


An Assessment Of Alternative Delivery Doctoral Programs In The Foodservice And Lodging Management And Family And Consumer Sciences Education At Iowa State University, Michele Lynne Wehrle Jan 2007

An Assessment Of Alternative Delivery Doctoral Programs In The Foodservice And Lodging Management And Family And Consumer Sciences Education At Iowa State University, Michele Lynne Wehrle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Societal demands of the 21st century have demonstrated the need for alternative delivery doctoral programs. Decreasing graduate student enrollments, need for additional qualified faculty, demand for academic program accessibility, and the need for colleges and universities to develop additional sources of revenue are concerns of administrators in higher education institutions. The purpose of this study was to describe the emergence, development, and implementation, and evaluate the alternative delivery doctoral programs in the Child Nutrition Program (CNP) and Family and Consumer Sciences Education (FCSEd) Leadership Academies at Iowa State University (ISU). In addition, this study determined the effectiveness of the alternative ...


How Faculty Differ: Examining College Faculty Members' Expectations, Teaching Styles, And Behavior Using Holland's Theory Of Career, Mark Longley Jan 2007

How Faculty Differ: Examining College Faculty Members' Expectations, Teaching Styles, And Behavior Using Holland's Theory Of Career, Mark Longley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research was an empirical study incorporating a path analysis methodology to further explore differences in faculty behavior in higher education. Academic disciplines (Smart, Feldman, & Ethington, 2000) served as a model for the study. To complement the research questions, a literature review was conducted to explore specific items related to faculty performance, including faculty attitudes regarding how students learn best, teaching practices, and faculty-student interaction. Data were used from the 2003 Faculty Survey of Student Engagement (FSSE). Faculty members were grouped by their course listing according to The College Majors Finder (Rosen, Holmberg, & Holland, 1989). Holland (1973, 1985, 1997) classified academic majors into one of six faculty groups (environments): Social, Investigative, Artistic, Conventional, Realistic, and Enterprising. In addition, Holland's theory of careers served as the theoretical framework for the study. For example, stereotypes exist regarding faculty members who teach subjects in the natural sciences (Investigative) as faculty interested primarily in conducting research, as opposed to faculty who teach subjects in the social sciences (Social) and prefer student interaction to research.;Results of the study revealed differences in faculty teaching practices, student interaction, and attitudes about learning across the Holland environments. Common perceptions about natural science (Investigative) faculty's preference for conducting research over teaching undergraduate students was supported. Faculty in this group displayed interest in "student interaction only for the purpose of conducting research." Faculty in Conventional groups which included accounting members, also demonstrated little interest in student interaction. Faculty in Social and Enterprising (business ...


Serving Methods And Dining Environment Currently Used In Successful High School Child Nutrition Programs In Georgia, Marie E. Richardson Jan 2007

Serving Methods And Dining Environment Currently Used In Successful High School Child Nutrition Programs In Georgia, Marie E. Richardson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In-depth case studies, observing actual practice of service methods, service designs, and cafeteria design and decor in Child Nutrition Programs (CNPs) was conducted in five successful Georgia high schools. Successful high school CNP's were defined as programs with lunch participation greater that 60% combined with a fund balance sufficient to cover two months' operating cost and less than 50% of the students qualified for free and reduced-price meals. The schools were identified as successful by the Georgia Department of Education Child Nutrition division. Interviews with managers and directors, historical records and on-site observations were utilized to seek data.;This ...


The Moral Agency Of Family And Consumer Sciences Teacher Candidates: A Grounded Theory, Enas O. Sarour Jan 2007

The Moral Agency Of Family And Consumer Sciences Teacher Candidates: A Grounded Theory, Enas O. Sarour

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

If we are to agree that teaching is a moral endeavor, exploring the moral dimension of teacher candidates, as future moral agents, should be considered indispensable. Assessing someone's moral development based on the hypothetico-deductive method is valuable, yet learning how an individual views him/herself as a moral agent is also important.;This research describes family and consumer sciences teacher candidates' (FCSTCs') sense of their moral agency, that is their understanding of what is "good or bad" and "right or wrong." Based on FCSTCs' constructed meaning developed through semi-structured interviews, this research disclosed factors that shape FCSTCs' moral agency ...


Why They Persis: Exploring The Educational Experiences Of Adult Women Currently Enrolled Part Time At A Midwest Community College, Elizabeth Michelle Cox Jan 2007

Why They Persis: Exploring The Educational Experiences Of Adult Women Currently Enrolled Part Time At A Midwest Community College, Elizabeth Michelle Cox

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe, interpret, and analyze the educational experiences and factors contributing to the decision to persist for adult, female, part-time students currently enrolled at a community college in the Midwest. This study sought to expand the research on student retention by describing the perspectives of adult female students who are enrolled part time at a community college in the Midwest. Through the guiding framework of feminist standpoint theory this study described, interpreted, and analyzed the educational experiences of the adult female participants.


Factors That Influence The Career Decisions Of Special Education Teachers In Iowa: An Investigation Of Teachers' Perceptions Toward Retention, Faith Nyambura Muturia Jan 2007

Factors That Influence The Career Decisions Of Special Education Teachers In Iowa: An Investigation Of Teachers' Perceptions Toward Retention, Faith Nyambura Muturia

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

It is important to understand the factors that influence the career decisions of Iowa's special education professionals in order to address persistent shortages of special educators. This study investigated the perceptions of teachers toward teacher retention. Two hundred & seventy three current and former special education teachers in Iowa participated in the study. The Special Education Teacher Retention Survey was used to collect data. Teachers were asked to rate the importance and frequency of five retention factors. The educators' motivations for becoming special education professionals were also assessed, alongside their job satisfaction and burnout levels. Reasons for leaving the field were obtained from former special education teachers.;Teachers perceived that retention factors were important, with mean importance scores ranging from above average to high. Teachers believed that retention factors were occurring somewhat frequently, with mean frequency scores ranging from low to high. Teachers' ratings of importance of retention factors were significantly higher than ratings of frequency factors, indicating that a disparity existed between the retention factors teachers value ...


Comparison Of Cooperative And Noncooperative Purchasing In School Foodservice, Frances Williams Rice Jan 2007

Comparison Of Cooperative And Noncooperative Purchasing In School Foodservice, Frances Williams Rice

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

School districts operating Child Nutrition Programs must use competitive bidding to purchase food and supplies. Purchasing cooperatives are a resource used by districts to meet competitive purchasing requirements and increase purchasing power through combining purchasing with other districts that have similar needs. The purpose of this research was to compare school foodservice directors' satisfaction with current purchasing methods and prices paid for selected food items between cooperative members and nonmembers.;Electronic questionnaires were sent to a random sample of foodservice directors (N = 1630). Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire that included satisfaction with competitive bidding, costs of selected food ...


Mentoring Practices In Family And Consumer Sciences Education: A Model For Change, Renee F. Ryburn Jan 2007

Mentoring Practices In Family And Consumer Sciences Education: A Model For Change, Renee F. Ryburn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Several states have mentoring and induction programs to assist beginning family and consumer sciences (FCS) secondary teachers as they adapt to the rigorous demands of their chosen profession. Though these programs are helpful, many beginning teachers find themselves feeling isolated and overwhelmed with the challenges that they face in the classrooms. There are many indications that beginning FCS teachers are leaving the classroom due to these frustrations and a lack of support, contributing to a shortage of secondary FCS teachers. The primary purpose of this study was to identify existing programs designed to mentor beginning secondary teachers in FCS education ...


No Child Left Behind School Choice: Its Impact In A District With Extensive Pre-Existing Choice Programs, Petra Marie Hofstedt Jan 2007

No Child Left Behind School Choice: Its Impact In A District With Extensive Pre-Existing Choice Programs, Petra Marie Hofstedt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this investigation, the researcher indirectly examines the role of NCLB school choice by performing an in-depth investigation of the open enrollment program in a Minnesota school district while further couching the results in the major assumptions of NCLB school choice. Secondary data analysis was completed in order to test the following four interconnected tests of hypotheses: (1) Are students requesting successful schools more than unsuccessful schools? (2) Are students leaving less successful schools more than successful schools? (3) Are ethnic minorities requesting successful schools more than unsuccessful schools? (4) Are ethnic minorities transferring out of unsuccessful schools more than ...


Examination Of Wellness Policy Formation And Process In U.S. School Districts, Carol H. Longley Jan 2007

Examination Of Wellness Policy Formation And Process In U.S. School Districts, Carol H. Longley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Purpose/objectives. The purpose of this study was to examine the process of wellness policy development in school districts in 21 states with all USDA regions represented. The study examined the environments in school districts that support or hinder district-wide policy development.;Method. Phase 1 studied each state's school nutrition legislative, regulations, and training to determine the environment for wellness policy development. Phase 2 consisted of 21 structured telephone interviews with school district foodservice directors in seven USDA regions to explore the process of wellness policy development in school districts.;Results. Supporting factors for the wellness policy development included ...


The Effects Of Student Input Into School Organization, Operation And Governance On Dropout Rate In Iowa Alternative Schools And Programs, Joseph Craig Dehart Jan 2007

The Effects Of Student Input Into School Organization, Operation And Governance On Dropout Rate In Iowa Alternative Schools And Programs, Joseph Craig Dehart

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined differences in dropout rate among 41 alternative high schools/programs in Iowa according to the use of seven specific types of student input into school organization, operation, and governance. The types of student input included in this study were: (a) instructional techniques, (b) determining student discipline, (c) planning co-curricular activities, (d) planning curriculum, (e) teacher evaluation, (f) student self-evaluation of progress, and (g) student contracts for performance. Situated Learning Theory provided the primary theoretical framework for this study by comparing similarities between the traditional apprentice-master model and the impact of student input on academic success. Types of ...