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Theses/Dissertations

Teacher Education and Professional Development

2008

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Full-Text Articles in Education

All-N-One Learning Boxes, Sherry Susanne Coleman Starowitz Dec 2008

All-N-One Learning Boxes, Sherry Susanne Coleman Starowitz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Acknowledging the reality that education starts in the home, this study focuses on understanding effective methods as a means to increase parental involvement for those who have limited resources and knowledge of child development. The project examines the Early Intervention population, birth through age two specifically, as identified in the Individuals with Disabilities Act: Part C. Since Early Intervention classrooms have the added challenge of a short window of time for instruction with the majority of the student’s time spent in the home with family, who may or may not be prepared, or able to assist in academic, learning ...


Action Research As Professional Development: A Study Of Two Teachers, Wade R. Glathar Dec 2008

Action Research As Professional Development: A Study Of Two Teachers, Wade R. Glathar

Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the experiences of two teachers in a public charter school who implement action research in their classrooms. The study explored the key elements of professional development as well as action research and makes the case as to why action research is an effective tool for teacher development. Participants were selected based on having little teaching experience and familiarity with action research. The study examined the experiences of teachers who have had limited professional development as they use action research in their practices. Data for the study were drawn from interviews as well as researcher and participant journals.


The Experience Of Teachers Who Have Moved From Childhood Poverty To Middle Class, John Steven Dunkin Dec 2008

The Experience Of Teachers Who Have Moved From Childhood Poverty To Middle Class, John Steven Dunkin

Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to research the phenomenon of an individual who has moved from long term poverty into middle class. Phenomenological interviews were conducted with six participants who had experienced poverty in their childhood, attended and graduated college and obtained professional licenses to teach public school; these licenses gave them access to a teaching position with its commensurate middle class status and salary. Interviews began with the question, "Tell me about your childhood and how you became a teacher." Data analysis revealed four themes (and subthemes) in the narratives of these six participants: (1) durable family relationships ...


After-School Programs And Reading Achievement, Jamie M. Mack Dec 2008

After-School Programs And Reading Achievement, Jamie M. Mack

All Graduate Projects

The relationship between participating in an after-school program and accelerating reading levels was studied. Seventy-three fifth-grade students were pre- and posttested using the Gates-MacGinitie Reading Test to determine reading levels. Thirty-six of the 73 students participated in an on-going 21" Century Academic After-School Program. The other 37 did not. The results showed that there was no statistical difference between participating in an after-school program and accelerating reading levels. The study also broke down the data by gender. These results showed that there was no statistical difference between males who participated and males who did not; however, there was a significant ...


The Perceptions Of Superintendents Regarding The Need For Graduate Business Classes In Educational Leadership, Howard Leland Smith Dec 2008

The Perceptions Of Superintendents Regarding The Need For Graduate Business Classes In Educational Leadership, Howard Leland Smith

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the comprehensiveness of educational leadership programs regarding the extent of appropriate business knowledge attained by public school administrators. Portions of the study included a discussion of current licensing practices, academic governance, basic business requirements for leadership and management, and basic financial literacy. A further purpose was to measure the perception of how the inclusion of specific business-oriented graduate education in the certification process might increase the initial success of administrators.

The literature review supported the concept that superintendents understand change management and fiscal responsibility. Survey respondents supported these concepts by indicating the ...


The Principal's Role In Teacher Retention, Sametra Danyal Chisolm Dec 2008

The Principal's Role In Teacher Retention, Sametra Danyal Chisolm

Dissertations

As efforts are made to identify factors contributing to teachers leaving or staying in the teaching profession, teacher retention continues to pose a challenge for school administrators. Factors such as principal behaviors, principal leadership, school climate/teacher morale, professional development opportunities, and teacher mentoring programs seem to positively impact teachers' decisions to remain in the profession.

The purpose of this study was to gather data to determine whether principal behaviors, principal leadership, school climate/teacher morale, professional development opportunities, and teacher mentoring programs affect teacher retention. A questionnaire, adapted from the Mecklenburg Citizens for Public Education (formally Charlotte Advocates for ...


The Relationship Between The Teacher's Perception Of The Principal's Leadership Style And Personal Motivation, Aletta Marie Price Dec 2008

The Relationship Between The Teacher's Perception Of The Principal's Leadership Style And Personal Motivation, Aletta Marie Price

Dissertations

Educators world wide are shaping the future by the quality of education that they provide to the youth of today. Today's future relies on the impact teachers make on their students. Society, social security, and economic development are all dependent on future generations. Teachers are molding those future generations. It is no secret that if a teacher is motivated to do his/her best at enhancing education, that students have a better chance at being successful. Furthermore, if principals are exhibiting behaviors that improve teacher motivation, the result is not only an increase in student achievement, but a more ...


Does The Grade Level At Which Algebra I Is Completed Affect Future Mathematics Performance, Jamie Kay Fugitt Dec 2008

Does The Grade Level At Which Algebra I Is Completed Affect Future Mathematics Performance, Jamie Kay Fugitt

Doctoral Dissertations

According to analysis of 2003 NAEP data, the percentage of students enrolling in Algebra I prior to ninth grade continues to increase, up to 42% in 2003. This current study is designed to examine the benefits of acceleration into algebra by exploring four major questions regarding timing of algebra. The first question examines relationships between student characteristics and timing of algebra. Relationships between school characteristics and timing of algebra are examined by the second question. Questions three and four explore relationships between timing of algebra and mathematics achievement and course taking, respectively.

Information was gathered on 449 students matriculating at ...


Retention And Attrition In Higher Education: Demographic Characteristics And Therole Of The Secondary School, Michael J. Celento Dec 2008

Retention And Attrition In Higher Education: Demographic Characteristics And Therole Of The Secondary School, Michael J. Celento

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The withdrawal rate in higher education, student attrition, is an increasing area of concern and challenge for institutions at the collegiate level. There are more students who leave before their degree is finished than those who stay. Research highlights multiple factors that lead to attrition and different strategies to address the dilemma. While it is difficult to pinpoint a particular reason why attrition continues to be such a persistent problem, the factors that lead to it can be differentiated into six categories: demographic characteristics, institutional factors, student-level factors, factors beyond institutional or student control, student-institution compatibility, and extraneous factors. This ...


The Immigration Movement From 1880 To Present Day, Elizabeth Barton Grizzanti Dec 2008

The Immigration Movement From 1880 To Present Day, Elizabeth Barton Grizzanti

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Immigration is an important topic for today’s upper level high school student as it has bearing on Regents level exams and on today’s societal challenges as we address illegal immigration, its problems and solutions. The central question of this project is simply stated – what are the implications of web-based instruction in a high school history curriculum? In an effort to better equip students and educational peers, this three-part thesis project provides a comprehensive set of lessons on immigration in the United States and a section intended for website use. The first section examines US immigration from 1880-1925 and ...


Ncaa Division I Head Softball Coaches' Confidence, Openness And Stigma Tolerance Toward Sport Psychology Consultants, Laurie Ann Neelis Dec 2008

Ncaa Division I Head Softball Coaches' Confidence, Openness And Stigma Tolerance Toward Sport Psychology Consultants, Laurie Ann Neelis

Dissertations

This study used a mixed-method to look at NCAA division I head softball coaches confidence, openness, and stigma tolerance about sport psychology principles and consultants, as well as what sport psychology principles, time of year used, and what a Sport Psychology Consultant (SPC) can do to help division I head softball coaches have more success with their teams. These variables were measured through the use of the Sport Psychology Attitudes - Revised Coaches instrument developed by Zakrajsek and Zizzi (2007). For the qualitative component, the researcher developed five inquiries that allowed for a more in-depth response from the coaches concerning principles ...


An Assessment Of The Perceived Value Of Teacher Portfolios In The Early Years Enhancement (Eye) Program By Primary And Secondary Teachers In Utah's Schools, Teresa J. Denison Dec 2008

An Assessment Of The Perceived Value Of Teacher Portfolios In The Early Years Enhancement (Eye) Program By Primary And Secondary Teachers In Utah's Schools, Teresa J. Denison

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the use of the teacher portfolio as an evaluation of professional development in Utah's new teacher licensing--the Early Year's Enhancement (EYE) program. This study explored teacher perceptions of the value of the portfolio. Results of the study identified the perceived value of teacher portfolios related to: (a) accuracy as an evaluation tool, (b) usefulness with respect to teacher professional growth, (c) feasibility with regard to teacher time, and (d) appropriateness related to the effect of portfolios on teaching practices. It also identified the relationship of the teacher's perceived value ...


Making The Grade: Authentic Assessment Through Music Portfolios, Kendra June S. Aylor Nov 2008

Making The Grade: Authentic Assessment Through Music Portfolios, Kendra June S. Aylor

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

Research shows assessment is an important part of education. However, information on assessment in music is often limited to secondary education leaving elementary music teachers to devise their own systems of evaluation students. This teacher research addresses elementary music assessment by examining the implementation of student portfolios as a way to manage the data that is created in the music classroom. The portfolios were compiled using fourth grade student work which was divided into section that mirror the MENC National Standards. This research shows that student portfolios provide tangible evidence of student understanding to be shared with teachers, parents, and ...


An Exploration Of Participant Experience Of The Service Learning Program At An Australian Catholic Boys' Secondary School, Damien Faust Price Sep 2008

An Exploration Of Participant Experience Of The Service Learning Program At An Australian Catholic Boys' Secondary School, Damien Faust Price

Theses

This research explores participant experience of the Service Learning Program in the context of an Australian Catholic Boys' Secondary School. The research aims to explore what is happening as adolescent participants engage in working and relating with homeless people over an extended period of time. What are they learning? What sense or meaning are they making of their experiences, and are they deepening their value and belief system towards existential change?


Native Americans Past And Present, Tiffany Ann Diduro Aug 2008

Native Americans Past And Present, Tiffany Ann Diduro

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

For many years, the minority group of Native Americans and their changing role in our society throughout national history has been overlooked in Social Studies classrooms. This thesis project examines Native American history in the United States-its revisionist aspects as well as exemption from many instructional sources. Through an historical lens, the literature research examines the current information available to teachers and students with regard to Native Americans as they are positioned throughout the United States national timeline. Taking into consideration the roles of Native Americans in the Revolutionary War and early American period through present day, the discussion encompasses ...


The Vietnam War Era's Impact On American Society, Anthony Scott Aug 2008

The Vietnam War Era's Impact On American Society, Anthony Scott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis looks at the Vietnam War and the impact it had on American society. The paper first takes a brief look at what other historians have written about Vietnam and the scholarship that currently exists on the topic. My original scholarship focuses on the TET offensive and the impact the media had on the Presidency of Lyndon Johnson. Even though the United States was victorious during the TET offensive, it proved to the American public that the Viet Cong would not concede defeat and at that critical point public opinion changed and support for the War waned dramatically. Finally ...


An Investigation Of Placement And Teacher Retention Of Brigham Young University Technology Teacher Education Bachelor Of Science Graduates From 1993-2007, Michael L. Taylor Aug 2008

An Investigation Of Placement And Teacher Retention Of Brigham Young University Technology Teacher Education Bachelor Of Science Graduates From 1993-2007, Michael L. Taylor

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study was to gather data on a sample of technology teacher candidates in order to determine how many graduates with a technology teaching endorsement actually entered the teaching profession. In addition, data were collected to investigate the attrition rate of the same pool of candidates. For those who left the education profession, the study also examined how long these individuals taught before leaving as well as investigated the reasons these individuals decided to leave the technology teaching profession. For those who have remained in the teaching profession this study also explored their reasons for remaining ...


A Comprehensive Study Of Mathematics Anxiety, Connie E. Shannon Aug 2008

A Comprehensive Study Of Mathematics Anxiety, Connie E. Shannon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project addresses math anxiety from both the student’s and the educator’s perspective. It explores topics on math anxiety that include racial and gender differences, evaluating pre-service teachers, and the potential causes and solutions for this all too common challenge. The study was conducted via questionnaire with ten teachers ranging from elementary grade through high school. The teachers responded to a 12 question survey that covered their own potential math anxiety, the anxiety, if any, observed in their classrooms, and questions that asked about teaching strategies they have employed to correct or avoid math anxiety in their ...


How Can Teachers Support Students Who Suffer From Test Anxiety?, Ashley Roth Aug 2008

How Can Teachers Support Students Who Suffer From Test Anxiety?, Ashley Roth

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the advent of the No Child Left Behind Act, annual standardized testing has become a reality for today’s elementary students and growing numbers of students report test anxiety as a concern. This thesis project examines sample strategies that classroom teachers can use to support students who experience test anxiety. The study gathered data from a select group of fifth grade teachers from a small rural school in Western New York through surveys, discussions, and one-on-one interviews. The literature section explores the history of test anxiety and its effects on test performance. Study skills, emotional capacity, possible interventions, such ...


Technology : The Positive And Negative Effects On Student Achievement, Jennifer Lyn Flanagan Aug 2008

Technology : The Positive And Negative Effects On Student Achievement, Jennifer Lyn Flanagan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Technology is the technical means people use to improve their surroundings. People use technology to improve their ability to do work. Classrooms around the world have implemented many forms of technology to enhance student interest and achievement. One form of technology that is common to math classrooms is the graphing calculator. One eighth grade math class of nineteen students from an urban middle school was taught a unit on Solving Systems of Equations by Graphing. The unit was implemented with and without the use of the graphing calculator. Students were first introduced to the unit through the use of pencils ...


Perceived Attitude Towards Feedback In Athletic Training Clinical Education, Jessica Lynn Emlich Aug 2008

Perceived Attitude Towards Feedback In Athletic Training Clinical Education, Jessica Lynn Emlich

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to measure and compare the perceived mean attitudinal score towards clinical instructor feedback, of Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE) accredited athletic training education programs (ATEP) program directors/clinical coordinators and affiliated clinical instructors. Additionally, the investigator was interested to see if relationships between attitudes towards feedback and the respondent's age, sex, employment setting and years of professional experience existed.

There were a total of one hundred and fifty eight participants in this study that comprised the two groups. Program directors and clinical coordinators (PD/CC) comprised 59 of the responses ...


Induction And Peer Coaching Programs In A Middle School Setting, Shanti Ladawn Howard Aug 2008

Induction And Peer Coaching Programs In A Middle School Setting, Shanti Ladawn Howard

Dissertations

While almost half of new teachers engage in some type of induction program, many programs only offer superficial types of assistance including district-wide orientations, periodic workshops, or instruction in classroom management (Gold, 1996). Some induction programs sponsored by the state institute an evaluation process that applies formulaic criteria for defining teaching behaviors to assess new teacher performances (Darling-Hammond et al., 1999). In the continued search for school improvement, there was a need to propose another option in staff development, e.g., peer coaching.

Peer coaching was examined because induction programs did not attend to the individual needs of alternatively certified ...


An Analysis Of An Urban Elementary School’S Morning Exercise Program On Overweight/Obese Children’S Academic Ability, Rebecca Lu Beyerlein Aug 2008

An Analysis Of An Urban Elementary School’S Morning Exercise Program On Overweight/Obese Children’S Academic Ability, Rebecca Lu Beyerlein

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In recent years, surveys conducted by the Department of Health and Human Services' Centers for Disease Control and Prevention note an alarming trend in both American adults and children. The number of overweight and obese people in the United States has increased drastically. Since children spend a majority of their time in school, it can be argued that educational efforts to improve understanding of this issue and promote healthier choices should be implemented. This thesis project studied the effects of a morning exercise program for overweight and obese children and its impact on their academic ability and motivation. The literature ...


How Effective Is Guided Reading At Accelerating Reading Abilities Of Sixth Grade Struggling Readers?, Kathryn E. Franks Aug 2008

How Effective Is Guided Reading At Accelerating Reading Abilities Of Sixth Grade Struggling Readers?, Kathryn E. Franks

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Acknowledging that reading deficits can cause challenges with all core subjects, this thesis project stresses the importance of additional helps for the struggling reader. Guided reading is an instructional strategy utilized by teachers to increase the reading competencies of students performing below grade level. The research focuses specifically on how effective guided reading groups are for accelerating and improving the reading abilities of sixth grade students. Literature review, as it bears on this study, distills three main topics of import: literacy programs, reading interventions, and specific strategy instruction.

The research study was conducted in a small, rural school district throughout ...


Deepening Teacher Understanding Of Fundamental Concepts In Mathematics, Meghan Carr Aug 2008

Deepening Teacher Understanding Of Fundamental Concepts In Mathematics, Meghan Carr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

A growing concern among educators is not just what instructional method to utilize but the actual depth of fundamental mathematical knowledge in today’s educational work force. This project does not ask if discovery is needed or if this is a concern, but declares that the problem of a conceptual understanding deficit exists. The research project, through the development of a professional workshop, addresses both the recognition and improvement of the mathematical content knowledge of teachers. It observes professional development opportunities that focus on fundamental mathematical concepts, deepened understanding, and improved instructional methods. Throughout the project “deep understanding of fundamental ...


The Effects Of Peer Tutoring On Fifth-Grade Students’ Motivation And Learning In Math, Janelle Austin Aug 2008

The Effects Of Peer Tutoring On Fifth-Grade Students’ Motivation And Learning In Math, Janelle Austin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

An essential component of mathematics in everyday life is the ability to problem solve. Students need to be able to master problem-solving skills and one way to achieve this goal is through peer-assisted learning or peer tutoring. Historically, studies have concluded that peer tutoring increased academic achievement and motivation in tutors and students being tutored. Research suggests that peer tutoring has shown significant gains in the use of mathematical language and self-confidence. Motivation was an additional benefit of using a peer assisted model for learning to promote student progress in the mathematics classroom. The focus of this thesis project is ...


Homework And Student Motivation, Kara L. Kitchen Aug 2008

Homework And Student Motivation, Kara L. Kitchen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Homework and the motivation of students’ to complete it is a continuing challenge for educators and parents everywhere. Frustration by educator and student alike begs the question, why assign homework? What is its purpose or academic goal? Some experts argue homework is a means to assess students understanding of content, others that it allows students to exercise self-motivation to successfully complete assignments as they review skills and knowledge taught in the classroom. Still others believe homework to be a necessary building block to independent study skills and the work ethic required for future education and vocational arenas. This thesis project ...


Making Percents Make Sense, Melissa Leigh Abbott Aug 2008

Making Percents Make Sense, Melissa Leigh Abbott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Since our culture relies upon technology, calculators, cash registers, and other devices, to complete math calculations, the conceptual idea of figuring out percentages has been devalued. In a sense, technology has allowed our culture to disengage common mathematical knowledge without any major concerns. The usefulness of mathematics skills is often questioned by students who believe they only need basic math procedures such as simple addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division in their daily lives. Educators bear the added challenge of not only teaching these concepts and their significance in daily application but in assisting students to understand the importance of doing ...


A Technologically Enriched Geometry Curriculum, Nicholas W. Drollette Aug 2008

A Technologically Enriched Geometry Curriculum, Nicholas W. Drollette

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Mathematics education cannot be viewed as a static science. As times change and students' experiences are altered by their constantly evolving environments, educators of all disciplines must make adjustments that reflect these changes. Careful development of technologically enriched and visually stimulating lessons is essential to the success of mathematics education. In order to gain greater understanding of the power of partnering technology and geometry curriculum, this research project asks two main questions: how the use of technology affects student motivation and engagement in a geometry class and how a technologically enriched geometry curriculum can be created and implemented. The researcher ...


Identifying False Intuitions In Probability And Laying A Foundation For Teaching It, Gregory G. Schwind Aug 2008

Identifying False Intuitions In Probability And Laying A Foundation For Teaching It, Gregory G. Schwind

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Intuition is something we rely on in our daily lives as pure, untaught truths that guide and direct us. Simple statements like “the shortest distance between two points is a straight line” are common and self-explanatory. While this simple statement can be proved mathematically, it is instinctive to easily understand this notion and accept its entrance into one's cognitive intuition. However, there are other parts of mathematics that are not intuitive and require thought and proofs to explain their existence. The question then is: how does the mind distinguish between what is intuitive and what is in need of ...