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Theses/Dissertations

Teacher Education and Professional Development

2001

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Environmental Economics A Teacher's Guide, Sandra Allmond Bagley Dec 2001

Environmental Economics A Teacher's Guide, Sandra Allmond Bagley

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

The purpose of this thesis is to incorporate economics into lectures on environmental issues. This guide introduces several environmental issues, discusses the laws and regulations governing these issues, and discusses the economic instruments discussed in this guide are those that have been incorporated into environmental laws. These instruments allow environmental protection goals to be met at the least cost. Economic instruments are more flexible than command and control regulations and allow firms to choose the least cost method of reaching goals. Economic instruments also encourage advances in new technology. Students will be more receptive to the concept of using economics ...


Avoiding Pitfalls In Administrative Internships, M. Scott Korpak Dec 2001

Avoiding Pitfalls In Administrative Internships, M. Scott Korpak

Master's Theses

Educational leaders and researchers are concerned about the number of qualified candidates for school leadership positions (Tracy, G. & Weaver, C. 2000). In response to this need, many school districts are promoting administrative internships. Through this project, the author sought to learn more about the following challenges: What does the current research literature say about administrative internships, and what are some of the common pitfalls that administrative interns face, especially in the area of journal preparation and the corresponding guidelines of the Human Subject Institutional Review Board.

Through this project, recommendations were formulated for future interns and their advisors. Common recommendations ...


Coherence And Historical Understanding In Children's Biography And Historical Nonfiction Literature: A Content Analysis Of Selected Orbis Pictus Books, Sandip Leeanne Wilson Dec 2001

Coherence And Historical Understanding In Children's Biography And Historical Nonfiction Literature: A Content Analysis Of Selected Orbis Pictus Books, Sandip Leeanne Wilson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate a selection of children's historical nonfiction literature for evidence of coherence. Although research has been conducted on coherence of textbook material and its influences on comprehension there has been limited study on coherence in children's nonfiction literature. Generally, textual coherence has been seen as critical in the comprehensibility of content area textbooks because it concerns the unity of connections among ideas and information. Disciplinary coherence concerns the extent to which authors of historical text show readers how historians think and write. Since young readers are apprentices in learning historical content ...


The Relationship Between Self-Esteem And Impostor Phenomenon Of Female Teachers For Kindergarten Through Grade 12, Sheila F. Matthews Dec 2001

The Relationship Between Self-Esteem And Impostor Phenomenon Of Female Teachers For Kindergarten Through Grade 12, Sheila F. Matthews

Dissertations

Some researchers have recognized the importance of understanding women’s experiences. Some psychosocial characteristics, such as low levels of self-esteem and self-efficacy, and low success expectations have been identified as barriers for women’s career development (Betz, 1994). Because many women have continued to select careers that are considered as female-dominated (e.g., teaching) and because psychosocial characteristics and experiences of teachers such as self-esteem and the impostor phenomenon can have an influence on their students’ self-esteem, this researcher believed that this is an important topic for continued research. Although these two concepts, self-esteem and impostor phenomenon, have been documented ...


New Teachers’ Perceptions Of Discipline-Related School Problems And Teacher Satisfaction, Amy L. Kavanaugh Aug 2001

New Teachers’ Perceptions Of Discipline-Related School Problems And Teacher Satisfaction, Amy L. Kavanaugh

Dissertations

Satisfaction The public is concerned with school safety because of recent school shootings resulting in multiple deaths. Educators are concerned that perceptions of school safety may affect new teacher attrition.

Three questions were examined in this study: (1) What is the trend of new teachers’ perceptions of discipline-related school problems? (2) Do new teachers’ perceptions of school problems vary by teacher gender, school level, size, location, and percentage of minority students?, and (3) Are new teachers’ perceptions of school problems related to their professional satisfaction?

National data gathered by the National Center for Education Statistics through the Schools and Staffing ...


Effects Of A Student Book Club On Third Graders' Literacy Attitudes And Performance, Kirsten M. Bellamy Jun 2001

Effects Of A Student Book Club On Third Graders' Literacy Attitudes And Performance, Kirsten M. Bellamy

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify a method of improving the reading attitudes of elementary students. A book club program was chosen as the treatment because it incorporates sociocultural perspectives in learning and opportunities to put previously learned skills to use. An experimental and control group of third grade students, with 28 children in each group, were administered the Elementary Reading Attitude Survey (ERAS), an instrument that tests attitudes toward recreational and academic reading. After determining beginning attitudes, the experimental group participated in a book club, which utilized small group reading sessions followed by whole class discussions of ...


The Effect Of Grading The Work Of Fourth Grade Students In Red Ink And Their Academic Self-Esteem, Jennifer L. Walton Jun 2001

The Effect Of Grading The Work Of Fourth Grade Students In Red Ink And Their Academic Self-Esteem, Jennifer L. Walton

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect on fourth grade students' academic self-esteem when marking their work in red ink versus blue or black ink. It was hypothesized that there would not be a significant difference in the academic self-esteem of fourth grade students whose work was marked in red ink, compared to their work that was marked in blue or black ink.

The study was a quasi-experimental design, examining students in a fourth grade classroom. Nineteen students participated in the study. Prior to the pretest, student work had been marked in blue or black ink for ...


A Study Of The Relationship Between The Amount Of Parental Reading To The Student At Home And The Student's Second Grade Standardized Reading Achievement Score, Kathleen M. Jewell Jun 2001

A Study Of The Relationship Between The Amount Of Parental Reading To The Student At Home And The Student's Second Grade Standardized Reading Achievement Score, Kathleen M. Jewell

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the amount of time parents spent reading to their child at home and the child' s second grade standardized reading achievement score. This study used a parental survey to question the parents of third grade students in an urban elementary school on their reading habits and those of the student.

Forty-eight parents (n=48) responded to the survey. The results were then analyzed to find the significance of a relationship. A Chi-square analysis indicated that there was no significant relationship between the amount of time a parent spends reading ...


The Effectiveness Of Multicultural Storytelling On Attitudes Toward Different Cultures In The Elementary Classroom, Michele Patruno Jun 2001

The Effectiveness Of Multicultural Storytelling On Attitudes Toward Different Cultures In The Elementary Classroom, Michele Patruno

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to consider the effects of multicultural storytelling and students' attitudes toward different cultures within the classroom. It was hypothesized that exposure to multicultural storytelling in the classroom with a discussion period to follow will produce positive attitudes toward different cultures as opposed to students who are not exposed to the storytelling. The subjects of the study were fifty-five third grade students from a southern New Jersey suburban school district. The study consisted of an experimental and a control group. Each group was administered a pretest and a posttest to determine if changes took place ...


The Effects Of Instructional Games On Student Achievement In The Social Studies, Christine A. Pilotti Jun 2001

The Effects Of Instructional Games On Student Achievement In The Social Studies, Christine A. Pilotti

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of instructional games on student achievement. It has been suggested by educators that instructional games may increase the performance and motivation of students. According to a pretest-posttest control group design, a sample of 34 students was administered a pretest and then instructed on the history of New Jersey for the same amount of hours. The control group used two worksheets as a supplement to the lessons, whereas the treatment group used two instructional games as a supplement to the lessons.

After analysis of all scores, a t-test for nonindependent samples ...


The Effect Of Literature Circles On The Perceived Writing Self-Efficacy Of Fourth Grade Students, Shannon Taylor Jun 2001

The Effect Of Literature Circles On The Perceived Writing Self-Efficacy Of Fourth Grade Students, Shannon Taylor

Theses and Dissertations

This quasi-experimental research study purported to determine if fourth grade students who were exposed to the integration of literature circles in their classroom would have significantly different scores on a writing self-efficacy scale than students not exposed to this method of instruction. The sample was comprised of two heterogeneous classes of fourth grade students enrolled at an inner city elementary school in southern New Jersey for a total of 40 students. The nonequivalent control group design was the selected research method. The classes were randomly chosen for either the experimental or control conditions and pretested using the Writer Self-Perception Scale ...


The Effect Of Participatory Instruction On The Motivation Of Third Grade Students, Jessica L. Deck Jun 2001

The Effect Of Participatory Instruction On The Motivation Of Third Grade Students, Jessica L. Deck

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect differing instructional techniques has on students' motivation in terms of their attitude towards school. Students were pretested using the Inventory to Measure Attitude Towards School and reading (IMATSR). After the pretest, the reading class was conducted in a lecture format with the entire class reading the same novel. Students read a portion of the book and then answered comprehensive questions on a worksheet, prior to discussion. When the book was completed, a comprehensive exam and IMATSR posttest were given. Next, the teacher introduced five books to the class. Each student ...


Health Knowledge And Health Teaching Self-Efficacy Among Preservice Elementary School Teachers, Amy Hellenschmidt-Preston May 2001

Health Knowledge And Health Teaching Self-Efficacy Among Preservice Elementary School Teachers, Amy Hellenschmidt-Preston

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Although implementation of health curriculum in elementary schools is generally the responsibility of classroom teachers, many elementary school teachers have had little to no health education training. This lack of training is significant because components of teacher preparation, such as teaching self-efficacy and curriculum content knowledge, have been linked with student educational outcomes and time spent implementing curriculum. This study examined the health knowledge and health teaching self-efficacy of preservice elementary school teachers who did not major in health science (non-health education majors), by comparing them to preservice elementary school teachers who did major in health, along with professional majors ...


An Evaluation Of Teton Science School's Journeys Place-Based Education Program As Effective Envrionmental Education Teacher Training, John Hayes May 2001

An Evaluation Of Teton Science School's Journeys Place-Based Education Program As Effective Envrionmental Education Teacher Training, John Hayes

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is an analysis of survey research data evaluating Journeys, a placebased environmental education teacher inservice training program developed and administered by Teton Science School. Information gleaned from stakeholder interviews

was used to develop the specific evaluation questions. A self-administered mail survey was then sent to all teachers known to have received Journeys training.

Nearly all trained teachers go on to use Journeys with their classes, and show a commitment to making Journeys a permanent part of their classroom. Teachers generally agreed that their involvement with Journeys has had positive effects on their teaching

behaviors and attitudes towards teaching ...


A Study To Determine The Teacher Education Students Five Year Performances On Praxis Ii Assessment At Morehead State University, Yuliana Susanto Apr 2001

A Study To Determine The Teacher Education Students Five Year Performances On Praxis Ii Assessment At Morehead State University, Yuliana Susanto

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Science and Technology at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Vocational Education/Technology by Yuliana Susanto on April 30, 2001.


Case Study: An Examination Of The Combined Effects Of The Neurological Impress Method And Repeated Reading On A Severely Disabled Middle School Reader, Alice A. Abrams Apr 2001

Case Study: An Examination Of The Combined Effects Of The Neurological Impress Method And Repeated Reading On A Severely Disabled Middle School Reader, Alice A. Abrams

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of the Neurological Impress Method, combined with the Method of Repeated Readings, on a severely impaired middle school reader. These methods were chosen due to the instructor's needs to find techniques which might help students who have reached the upper grades as unsuccessful readers, and are therefore more resistant to instruction due to prolonged failure.

The Neurological Impress Method was chosen as the primary technique to be used in the study because of the ability to give the student the feeling of success almost immediately. It seemed to be ...


The Effect Of Space And Furnishings On Academic Readiness Scores Of West Virginia Preschoolers, J. Elise Coccari Jan 2001

The Effect Of Space And Furnishings On Academic Readiness Scores Of West Virginia Preschoolers, J. Elise Coccari

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

The effect of space and furnishings, as measured by the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale – Revised (ECERS-R), on the School Readiness Composite (SRC) of the Bracken Basic Concept Scale –Revised (BBCS-R) was investigated. The data analyzed was collected as part of the West Virginia Educare Initiative and included the SRC from 65 preschool students, ranging in age from 2 years, 6 months to 5 years, 0 months. The first subtest score on the ECERS-R, space and furnishings, was also calculated for each child’s classroom. The Spearman rank correlation coefficient between the SRC on the BBCS-R and the space and ...


The Relationship Between Receptive Language Skills And School Readiness, Patricia Slack Hines Jan 2001

The Relationship Between Receptive Language Skills And School Readiness, Patricia Slack Hines

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

The purpose of the current study was to explore the relationship between language and academic readiness. The current study included 56 preschool children. Specifically, 9 two year olds participated, 18 three year olds participated, 21 four year olds, and 8 five year olds participated. Twenty- three were female and twenty-three were male. Each child was administered the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT III), followed by both the School Readiness Composite (SRC) of the Bracken Basic Concept Scale – Revised or BBCS-R. A Pearson correlation coefficient was calculated for the relationship between the standard scores of the PPVT III, and the standard ...


Revitalization Not Retirement: A Case For Transformative Professional Development That Echoes The Voices Of Eight Veteran Literacy Teachers, Mary Ann Johnson Jan 2001

Revitalization Not Retirement: A Case For Transformative Professional Development That Echoes The Voices Of Eight Veteran Literacy Teachers, Mary Ann Johnson

Educational Studies Dissertations

Guided by the central question "How do professional development opportunities regarding the use of running records effect the thinking and practice of veteran teachers ?", this study investigated the way in which eight highly experienced literacy teachers learned to use formative assessment to guide instruction of a student at risk of failure in reading. From the most veteran teacher with thirty-three years to the "baby" with fifteen years of service to children, they represented a seasoned group of early childhood professionals willing to grapple with formative assessment, a concept for which all admitted they had been ill-prepared. Through this action research ...


Esl Curriculum Guide For Seoul Foreign School, Brian Brumsickle Jan 2001

Esl Curriculum Guide For Seoul Foreign School, Brian Brumsickle

MA TESOL Collection

The ESL Curriculum Guide for Seoul Foreign School (SFS) was written as a map for ESL teachers to follow in order to organize and prioritize curriculum in a sequential manner for students. The guide can also be used for parents as well as other faculty at SFS to inform them of materials and content taught during the academic year. The first document in the Guides relates “Best Practices” which encapsulate the vision for the subject area and serve as the anchor document from which the second, the “Standards” document, was developed. Throughout “Best Practices,” there is linkage with SFS’s ...


Examining The Academic Experiences Of Minorities Preparing For The Professoriate , Willie J. Heggins Iii Jan 2001

Examining The Academic Experiences Of Minorities Preparing For The Professoriate , Willie J. Heggins Iii

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The critical need to understand the socialization experiences of prospective minority faculty is apparent today. If higher education can understand more about the experiences of new minority faculty members, perhaps the academy will be able to develop continued supportive strategies that enhance their development into the academic profession. The purpose of this study was to examine the academic experiences of the minority participants in the Preparing Future Faculty program (PFF). As a consequence of participating in the PFF program, the minority participants regarded that they felt ready for a faculty position, regarded that mentoring was effective, indicated that awareness of ...


The Affectiveness Of A Standards-Based, Technology-Connected Staff Development Program, Lee Geary Grafton Jan 2001

The Affectiveness Of A Standards-Based, Technology-Connected Staff Development Program, Lee Geary Grafton

Theses Digitization Project

One role of an administrator is to provide and assess staff development programs. The purpose of this study was to measure the impact of a 120-hour standards-based, technology-connnected staff development program on participating teachers' instruction.


Iowa's Community College Transfer Students, 1996-2000: Demographics, Graduation, And Retention Rates , Ann Marie Fields Jan 2001

Iowa's Community College Transfer Students, 1996-2000: Demographics, Graduation, And Retention Rates , Ann Marie Fields

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compares Iowa community college (CC) transfer students who transferred to one of Iowa's three Regent universities in the fall of 1996 to students who started at one of the Iowa Regent universities in 1994 and who were still attending such university in the fall of 1996 (referred to as non-transfer, or NT, students). In previous educational literature, these students have been referred to as "native" students. To be culturally sensitive, this study identifies these students as "non-transfer students" or NT students. Demographic comparisons are made according to age, gender, ACT scores, and the number of credits either ...


Conceptual Change-Based Instruction And Preservice Teacher Technology Preparation: A Collective Case Study , William Anthony Sadera Jan 2001

Conceptual Change-Based Instruction And Preservice Teacher Technology Preparation: A Collective Case Study , William Anthony Sadera

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Preparing preservice teachers to use computers effectively in teaching and learning is fundamental for significant educational reform. Often, preservice teachers possess traditional beliefs about teaching and learning and view the computer as a device to support traditional education. Because educational reform is, in part, contingent on the preparation of the next generation of teachers, it is imperative that teacher educators design and implement instructional strategies that help preservice teachers to develop comprehensive conceptions about classroom computer use. The purpose of this case study was to explore and examine the effects of a conceptual change-based instructional unit on preservice teachers' conceptions ...


Storied Learning From The Personal And Professional Lives Of Leaders: Narrative Analyses Of Rhythm Over Balance, And Adult Development And Transition , Pamela Jones Edwards Jan 2001

Storied Learning From The Personal And Professional Lives Of Leaders: Narrative Analyses Of Rhythm Over Balance, And Adult Development And Transition , Pamela Jones Edwards

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research study is about using the power of stories, specifically life history and narrative research approaches, to understand how three high level organizational leaders, or elites, experience their own development over time. Readers who will likely find this research study of value will be those studying life history and narrative approaches to understanding the meaning of lives, adult education and adult development scholars and practitioners interested in narrative as a method of adult development, and readers interested in understanding leaders' lives.;A life history of each of the three elites was collected. The life story section of this research ...


Teacher-Child Verbal Interactions In Preschool Science Teaching , Tsung-Hui Tu Jan 2001

Teacher-Child Verbal Interactions In Preschool Science Teaching , Tsung-Hui Tu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine preschool teachers' verbal interactions with children during morning self-selection time. Naturalistic (Day 1) and experimental (Day 2) designs were used to provide empirical evidence of the availability of science activities and accessible science materials in preschool classrooms. The participants were 20 head teachers of 3- to 5-year-old preschoolers employed in central Iowa child care centers. Each teacher was videotaped for two consecutive days during morning self-selection time. The most frequent preschool teachers' verbal interaction for Day 1 and Day 2 combined was giving learning guidance, and they used more verbal statements than ...


The Relationship Between Parental Educational Level And Academic Success Of College Freshmen , Yasan Gooding Jan 2001

The Relationship Between Parental Educational Level And Academic Success Of College Freshmen , Yasan Gooding

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study determined the difference in the level of academic potential/achievement across five populations of freshmen during an academic school year at Iowa State University. It examined students whose parents' highest education was: (1) high school diploma, (2) one or two years of college, (3) two-year associate or technical degree, (4) four-year degree, and (5) graduate or professional degree. Other factors that might impinge on student academic achievement are: poverty, socioeconomic status, and family structure/or marital status. The study investigated whether students whose parents attained higher levels of education beyond the high school diploma were more successful academically ...


Performance Competencies And Appraisal Practices For Professional Hall Directors In Large Residence Hall Systems , Peter Donald Englin Jan 2001

Performance Competencies And Appraisal Practices For Professional Hall Directors In Large Residence Hall Systems , Peter Donald Englin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify processes and effectiveness of performance appraisal for professional hall directors in large residence hall systems as viewed by hall directors and their supervisors. The study identified that differences exist between perceptions of hall directors and supervisors concerning practices of performance appraisal. Competencies of effective hall directors were identified.;Sample was comprised of 54 universities with residence systems housing 4001 or more residents that employ professional hall directors and were members of ACUHO-I. Forty-eight of 53 institutions (90.6%) provided data. A total of 358 of 586 hall directors (61.1% response rate ...


"Look What Boot Camp's Done For Me": Teaching And Learning In Lakeview Academy Boot Camp , Susan Annette Meade Jan 2001

"Look What Boot Camp's Done For Me": Teaching And Learning In Lakeview Academy Boot Camp , Susan Annette Meade

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Juvenile crime and school violence continue to be the focus of widespread discussion in the United States. Each time a school shooting occurs, the public outcry is sounded and the message is "get tough on crime." Unfortunately, the criminal justice system is overwhelmed with the number of offenders and re-offenders. The overflow of criminals coupled with the frustration of recidivism has led to development of alternative correctional practices. One such alternative is the juvenile boot camp. This study examines the structure of a juvenile boot camp through the eyes of those who experienced it. The study follows two cohort groups ...


Training Teachers To Give Effective Commands: Effects On Student Compliance, Academic Engagement, And Academic Responding , Andrea Renee Starkweather-Lund Jan 2001

Training Teachers To Give Effective Commands: Effects On Student Compliance, Academic Engagement, And Academic Responding , Andrea Renee Starkweather-Lund

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study, using a multiple baseline design across subjects, evaluated whether training teachers to give effective commands alone and in combination with verbal praise for appropriate classroom behavior and compliance would result in increased compliance, academic engagement and academic responding. Results indicate that increasing effective teacher commands resulted in increased rates of student compliance of 7% for Student one, 15% for Student Two, and 17% for Student Three during the effective commands alone phase of the study. Total compliance was increased over baseline 17% for Student One, 28% for Student Two, and 23% for Student Three across all phases ...