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Teacher Education and Professional Development

Theses and Dissertations

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Productive Discomfort: A Case Study Of Service-Learning In A First-Year Composition Course, Heather Theresa Draxl May 2016

Productive Discomfort: A Case Study Of Service-Learning In A First-Year Composition Course, Heather Theresa Draxl

Theses and Dissertations

Service-learning is the combination of traditional teaching methods with field-based learning and critical reflection (Hurd, 2008) and is popular in first-year composition (Deans, 2001). However, academic research on service-learning in first-year composition is relatively scarce and the most frequently-cited scholarship is at least a decade old (Adler-Kassner, Crooks & Watters, 1997; Deans, 2001; Haussamen, 1997). This study seeks to contribute to the scholarship on service-learning in first-year composition by exploring how stakeholders, including the instructor, the students, and the community partner, perceive the project's purposes and outcomes. To complete the service-learning requirement for the course in this study, students conduct a bystander ...


Exploring Depth Of Vocabulary Knowledge Among Cfl Learners Of Higher Proficiency Levels, Tingting Chen May 2016

Exploring Depth Of Vocabulary Knowledge Among Cfl Learners Of Higher Proficiency Levels, Tingting Chen

Theses and Dissertations

L2 (second or foreign language) research indicates that vocabulary knowledge is not only the “single best predictor of text comprehension,” but also a strong indicator of listening, speaking, and writing proficiency (Alderson, 2000, p. 35). Understanding the development of vocabulary knowledge, including both vocabulary size and vocabulary depth, or quality of vocabulary knowledge—is therefore essential to the building of an overall insight into L2 proficiency.

This study aims to explore the developmental status of vocabulary depth among postsecondary CFL (Chinese as a foreign language) learners of higher proficiency levels who have studied Chinese for over four years. In particular ...


Intersecting Literacy Beliefs And Practices With Heritage And Non-Heritage Learners' Instruction: A Case Study Of A Novice Korean Language Instructor, Ho Jung Choi May 2016

Intersecting Literacy Beliefs And Practices With Heritage And Non-Heritage Learners' Instruction: A Case Study Of A Novice Korean Language Instructor, Ho Jung Choi

Theses and Dissertations

Many researchers have explored teachers’ beliefs in literacy and found that teachers’ literacy beliefs affect their instructional practices in foreign language (FL) or second language (SL) classrooms. Researchers have demonstrated that teachers’ literacy beliefs and instructional practices are generally consistent. There have been many studies regarding teachers’ literacy beliefs and classroom instruction in the context of FL/SL and more recent studies on teachers’ literacy beliefs presenting an increasing interest in heritage language (HL) such as Spanish and Chinese. However, less is known about Korean language teachers’ literacy beliefs and practices in the mixed classroom of heritage and non-­‐heritage ...


The Effect Of Using A Tablet And A Meta-Cognitive Strategy To Improve Reading Comprehension Skills For Students With Sld, Saeed Saad S. Alqahtani May 2016

The Effect Of Using A Tablet And A Meta-Cognitive Strategy To Improve Reading Comprehension Skills For Students With Sld, Saeed Saad S. Alqahtani

Theses and Dissertations

Students with specific learning disabilities (SLD) have difficulty with most reading skills, including reading comprehension (Hulme & Snowling, 2011). Improving reading comprehension skills requires efficient interventions that consider both meaning- and code-based skills simultaneously. Using a single-subject multiple-baseline design across participants, with alternating treatment design, this study compared two reading interventions (repeated reading vs. tablet text-to-speech) combined with a meta-cognitive strategy (question generation).

Three fourth-grade and third-grade students who had been diagnosed by their school as having reading difficulties (reading one to two grades behind their expected reading levels) participated in the study. Using the index of narrative complexity (Labov, 1973; Petersen, Gillam, & Gillam, 2008) as a major dependent variable, two participants showed improvement in reading comprehension skills as measured by visual analysis and the effect size between means. However, there were slight differences for the RAAC intervention over the tablet intervention for one participant. The time required to administer the tablet intervention was shorter than the time required to administer the RAAC intervention (an average of 12.73 minutes for the RAAC vs. 5.45 minutes for the tablet), which is an important consideration ...


Examining Teacher Epistemic Orientations Toward Teaching Science (Eots) And Its Relationship To Instructional Practices In Science, Jee Kyung Suh Jan 2016

Examining Teacher Epistemic Orientations Toward Teaching Science (Eots) And Its Relationship To Instructional Practices In Science, Jee Kyung Suh

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify essential features of Epistemic Orientation toward Teaching Science (EOTS) and to explore the relationships between EOTS and instructional practices. This study proposes a new concept, EOTS: defined as a teacher's set of interrelated beliefs that are developed and used when teaching science, and are shaped by the Nature of Knowing in General, the Nature of Knowing in Science, the Nature of Learning, and the Nature of Teaching. The essential elements of EOTS were identified through a comprehensive literature review and refined through a multiple-case study.

The participants of the study were ...


Effects Of An Ipad-Based Early Reading Intervention With Students With Complex Needs, Kristin Goodwin Lucas Dec 2015

Effects Of An Ipad-Based Early Reading Intervention With Students With Complex Needs, Kristin Goodwin Lucas

Theses and Dissertations

Early reading literacy is foundational to all other academic learning. It is imperative that elementary students with and without disabilities be provided with evidence-based reading instruction. Elementary students with developmental disabilities (DD) and complex communication needs (CCN) benefit from evidence-based reading instruction that incorporates individualized, explicit instruction and appropriate assistive technology. Research to identify evidence-based practices for students with DD and CCN is necessary to assist teachers to close the gap in overall achievement for this group of learners. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of the early reading program Go Talk Phonics (Ahlgrim-Delzell, Browder, &Wood ...


Combining Quality And Curriculum-Based Measurement : A Suggested Assessment Protocol In Writing, Paula Ganzeveld Dec 2015

Combining Quality And Curriculum-Based Measurement : A Suggested Assessment Protocol In Writing, Paula Ganzeveld

Theses and Dissertations

Curriculum-Based Measures in writing (CBM-W) assesses a variety of fluency-based components of writing. While support exists for the use of CBM measures in the area of writing, there is a need to conduct further validation studies to investigate the utility of these measures within elementary and secondary classrooms. Since only countable indices are used in CBM-W, this study explored the possibility of using an assessment that measured writing quality in conjunction with the CBM metric. To accomplish this, three pieces of data were used in this study. The CBM metrics of total words written, words spelled correctly, correct word sequences ...


Impact Of Technology-Infused Interactive Learning Environments On College Professors’ Instructional Decisions And Practices, Chamathca Priyanwada Kuda-Malwathumullage Jul 2015

Impact Of Technology-Infused Interactive Learning Environments On College Professors’ Instructional Decisions And Practices, Chamathca Priyanwada Kuda-Malwathumullage

Theses and Dissertations

Recent advancements in instructional technology and interactive learning space designs have transformed how undergraduate classrooms are envisioned and conducted today. Large number of research studies have documented the impact of instructional technology and interactive learning spaces on elevated student learning gains, positive attitudes, and increased student engagement in undergraduate classrooms across nation. These research findings combined with the movement towards student-centered instructional strategies have motivated college professors to explore the unfamiliar territories of instructional technology and interactive learning spaces. Only a limited number of research studies that explored college professors’ perspective on instructional technology and interactive learning space use in ...


A Mixed Methods Study Of A Technology-Based Self-Monitoring Intervention, Kari Lynn Vogelgesang Jul 2015

A Mixed Methods Study Of A Technology-Based Self-Monitoring Intervention, Kari Lynn Vogelgesang

Theses and Dissertations

In this study, I aimed to build on a line of research focused on using technology-based, self-management interventions for students experiencing behavioral difficulties in a classroom setting. I analyzed the effects of an iPad application (app) called SCORE IT (Bruhn, Goin, &Hasselbring, 2014) on the behavior of three 5th grade students with, or at risk of an emotional and behavioral disorder (EBD) who were exhibiting low rates of academic engagement in a general education environment. I also aspired to gain an in-depth understanding of a teacher’s perceptions of the feasibility and value of the intervention, SCORE IT.

This study ...


Addressing The Non-Artist's Approach To Art: A Study Of Pre-Service Teachers In An Art Methods Course, Tiffany Ann Carr Jul 2015

Addressing The Non-Artist's Approach To Art: A Study Of Pre-Service Teachers In An Art Methods Course, Tiffany Ann Carr

Theses and Dissertations

This is a qualitative, mixed-methods study that focuses on the experiences of pre-service teachers in an art methods for non-majors class. The purpose of this study is to describe the process of transforming pre-service elementary teachers’ apprehensive feelings and experiences about creating art. An examination of play, Thirdspace pedagogy, and contextual exploration within a humanistic approach all inform this study. The dataset exposed themes of apprehension and reluctance to art-making, community building, preconceptions about art and art-making, exploration, non-prescribed outcomes, learning from mistakes, and identity. The results of this study show evidence that explorative methods can alter the conceptions and ...


Exploring Dialogic Teaching With Middle And Secondary English Language Arts Teachers : A Reflexive Phenomenology, Mark Andrew Sulzer Jul 2015

Exploring Dialogic Teaching With Middle And Secondary English Language Arts Teachers : A Reflexive Phenomenology, Mark Andrew Sulzer

Theses and Dissertations

The ways in which teachers and students speak to each other in middle and secondary English language arts classrooms is integral to the type of learning that occurs there. Ways of engaging in “classroom talk” can be characterized as teacher-centered or student-centered. Teacher-centered classroom talk typically unfolds as a sequence of three steps – a teacher asks a question with a predetermined answer, a student responds, and the teacher evaluates the response. In contrast, student-centered classroom talk is engaging, collaborative, and reciprocal – in these scenarios, teachers and students both ask questions that have multiple answers, students talk to other students, and ...


Statement Verification For Science : Examining Technical Adequacy Of Alternate Forms For Screening Decisions, Jeremy W. Ford May 2015

Statement Verification For Science : Examining Technical Adequacy Of Alternate Forms For Screening Decisions, Jeremy W. Ford

Theses and Dissertations

The Rising Above the Gathering Storm report (National Academy of Sciences, 2007) emphasizes a need for improved science education in United States schools. Instruction, informed by assessment, has been repeatedly demonstrated to be effective for increasing students' performance. In particular, the use of curriculum-based measurement (CBM) to assist with making screening decisions has been shown to increase the likeliness of students meeting meaningful outcomes. While CBM tools for assisting with making screening decisions in reading, mathematics, and written language have been well examined, tools for use in content areas (e.g., science and social studies) remain in the beginning stages ...


Examining The Effects Of Paper-Based And Computer-Based Modes Of Assessment On Mathematics Curriculum-Based Measurement, Kiersten Kenning Hensley May 2015

Examining The Effects Of Paper-Based And Computer-Based Modes Of Assessment On Mathematics Curriculum-Based Measurement, Kiersten Kenning Hensley

Theses and Dissertations

The computer to pupil ratio has changed drastically in the past decades, from 125:1 in 1983 to less than 2:1 in 2009 (Gray, Thomas, and Lewis, 2010), allowing for teachers and students to integrate technology throughout the educational experience. The area of educational assessment has adapted to the increased use of technology. Trends in assessment and technology include a movement from paper-based to computer-based testing for all types of assessments, from large-scale assessments to teacher-created classroom tests. Computer-based testing comes with many benefits when compared to paper-based testing, but it is necessary to determine if results are comparable ...


Efficacy Of A Sentence Writing Strategy For Postsecondary Students With Special Needs, Erica Rochelle Kaldenberg May 2015

Efficacy Of A Sentence Writing Strategy For Postsecondary Students With Special Needs, Erica Rochelle Kaldenberg

Theses and Dissertations

Students with Intellectual Disabilities (ID) struggle with writing. Writing is an important skill for everyday life; therefore, it is essential that students with ID receive effective writing instruction. Explicit writing instruction adhering to the Strategic Instruction Model (SIM) has shown to be an effective writing strategy for postsecondary students with ID. However, the impact of simple sentence writing instruction has not been studied for this population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of part I of the Proficiency in Sentence Writing Strategy (Sheldon & Schumaker, 1999). Results indicate that students were able to learn and apply ...


The Possibilities Of Public Literacy Spaces: Homeless Veterans (And Other Adults) Draft Nonfiction And Selves Inside A Community Writing Workshop, Rossina Zamora Liu May 2015

The Possibilities Of Public Literacy Spaces: Homeless Veterans (And Other Adults) Draft Nonfiction And Selves Inside A Community Writing Workshop, Rossina Zamora Liu

Theses and Dissertations

Deficits dominate our culture's narratives of homelessness, associating poverty with lower literacy and skewing social policies about access and equity in schools, jobs, healthcare, and community (Bomer, 2008; Miller, 2011; Miller, 2014; Moore, 2013). Scant, if any, literature exists about literacy and identity in homeless adults, in ways that they might enroll in college and/or seek long-term careers. Yet if one of our roles as educators is to advocate for justice and disrupt social apathy, then we ought to consider more studies identifying literacy strengths (Barton & Hamilton, 1998; Bomer, 2008; Janks, 2010; Miller, 2011, 2014; Moore, 2013) of marginalized groups ...


A Qualitative Study Of Secondary Mathematics Teachers' Questioning, Responses, And Perceived Influences, Melissa Joan Mcaninch May 2015

A Qualitative Study Of Secondary Mathematics Teachers' Questioning, Responses, And Perceived Influences, Melissa Joan Mcaninch

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine secondary mathematics teachers' questioning, responses, and perceived influences upon their instructional decisions regarding questioning and response to students' ideas. This study also compared the questioning practices, responses, and influences of beginning teachers to more experienced teachers. Previous studies on teacher quality in mathematics education have focused on general characteristics of mathematics teachers' instructional practice including a broad range of instructional strategies. Little is known about mathematics teachers' questioning practices and responses to students' ideas that research has repeatedly reported are critical to student mathematics learning in secondary classrooms. Furthermore, it is not ...


An Analysis Of Teacher Question Types In Inquiry-Based Classroom And Traditional Classroom Settings, Sungho Kim Jan 2015

An Analysis Of Teacher Question Types In Inquiry-Based Classroom And Traditional Classroom Settings, Sungho Kim

Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the differences and patterns for three categories between an argument-based inquiry group and a traditional group over the period of the SWH (Science Writing Heuristic) project: (1) teacher talk time, (2) structure of questions (question types), and (3) student responses. The participating teachers were chosen randomly by a convenient sampling method because the data were collected previously from the SWH project. Each group had thirty teachers. A total of sixty teachers participated in the study. Student responses were part of the study to evaluate the effect of open-ended question types but students were not direct participants in ...


Examining Two Turkish Teachers' Questioning Patterns In Secondary School Science Classrooms, Ali Çikmaz Dec 2014

Examining Two Turkish Teachers' Questioning Patterns In Secondary School Science Classrooms, Ali Çikmaz

Theses and Dissertations

This study examined low and high level teachers' questioning patterns and classroom implementations within an argument-based inquiry approach known as the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) approach, which addresses issues on negotiation, argumentation, learning, and teaching. The level of the teachers was determined by the students' writing scores. This study was conducted in Turkey with seven teacher for preliminary study. Because scoring writing samples examines the students' negotiation level with the different sources and students learn scientific process, as negotiation, which they may transfer into their writing, in classroom, two teachers were selected to represent low and high level teachers. Data ...