Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 2281 - 2305 of 2305

Full-Text Articles in Education

Criteria For Determining Quality In Early Learning For 3-6 Year-Olds, Iram Siraj-Blatchford Jan 1998

Criteria For Determining Quality In Early Learning For 3-6 Year-Olds, Iram Siraj-Blatchford

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This book is about extending good practice in curriculum development and supporting and sustaining the positive practices that characterise many early childhood settings. The curriculum cannot be seen in isolation and it cannot exist without a strong and well-developed framework of support, the social and institutional context in which curriculum 'happens'. To develop and deliver a sound curriculum the staff must be well informed about child development and culture and about subject knowledge and appropriate ways of 'teaching' young children so that all the children in their setting can access the curriculum. Time needs to be spent developing shared perspectives ...


Adolescents And Hiv In Developing Countries: New Research Directions, Catherine L. Mac Phail Jan 1998

Adolescents And Hiv In Developing Countries: New Research Directions, Catherine L. Mac Phail

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Adolescents are of interest in HIV/STD studies as they are a group whose behaviour places them at increased risk of HIV infection (Hein, 1992). Adolescence is a period characterised by the development and formation of sexuality, a process which frequently involves a high turn-over of sexual partners (Krahe and Reiss, 1995; Lear, 1995). Teenage experimentation with drugs and alcohol frequently leads to the adoption of high risk behaviours or engagement in unplanned episodes of casual sex (Weatherburn and Project SIGMA, 1992). In addition, adolescents are particularly vulnerable to the normative social influences of their peers (DiClemente, 1990). These influences ...


Investigating Hiv/Aids In Southern Africa, Catherine L. Mac Phail Jan 1998

Investigating Hiv/Aids In Southern Africa, Catherine L. Mac Phail

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Book Review Webb, D (1997) HIV and AIDS in Africa. Cape Town: David Philip. ISBN 0 86486 341 1


The Accessing Of Geometry Schemas By High School Students, Mohan Chinnappan Jan 1998

The Accessing Of Geometry Schemas By High School Students, Mohan Chinnappan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In this study I examine the question, what is the nature of prior mathematical knowledge that facilitates the construction of useful problem representations in the domain of geometry? The quality of prior knowledge is analysed in terms ofschemas that provide a measure of the degree of organisation of prior knowledge. Problem-solving performance and schema activation of a group of high- and low-achieving students were compared. As expected, the high achievers produced more correct answers than the low achievers. More significantly, schema comparison indicated that the high achievers accessed more problem-relevant schemas than the low achievers. In a related task which ...


Uncovering Carrington, Hilary Winchester, Kevin M. Dunn, Pauline M. Mcguirk Jan 1997

Uncovering Carrington, Hilary Winchester, Kevin M. Dunn, Pauline M. Mcguirk

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The first part of this chapter examines Carrington's place within Newcastle, its separation from the rest of the city, its reputation, and its internal differentiation. The second part of this chapter considers the collective memory of Carrington as a stigmatised and dangerous industrial and maritime space with its own internal social and spatial divisions.


The School Improvement Project Of The Aga Khan Education Service, Uganda, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Matthew Odada, Martin Omagor Jan 1997

The School Improvement Project Of The Aga Khan Education Service, Uganda, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Matthew Odada, Martin Omagor

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This evaluative study looks at the Kampala (Uganda) Schools' Improvement Project (SIP) . The purpose of the project, which lasted from 1994 to 1997, was to improve the quality of teaching and learning in Kampala primary schools by promoting and then institutionalizing the adoption of child-centered teaching methods and resources in project schools. Project strategies involved training teachers in workshop settings, providing instructional materials to support learning, and providing on-the-job training and follow-up support for teachers. Key questions of this project evaluation were: (1) how well did SIP activities lead to achievement of the objectives? (2) what were the strengths of ...


A Sociology Of Educating, Roland Meighan, Iram Siraj-Blatchford Jan 1997

A Sociology Of Educating, Roland Meighan, Iram Siraj-Blatchford

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Since it was first published in 1981, Sociology of Educating has become a firmly established text in its field. This third edition retains much of the structure and content of its predecessors, whilst benefiting from significant changes which take account of educational issues that have arisen and developed in recent years. The text covers a wide range of topics clearly, and in depth. They include further education, home-based teaching, educational research, and grading and examining. In line with current thinking, this edition places increased emphasis on educating outside and beyond the school, and pre-school. Every chapter ends with 'signposts' which ...


Carrington: Community Of Difference?, Hilary Winchester, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Angela Parkes, Kevin M. Dunn Jan 1996

Carrington: Community Of Difference?, Hilary Winchester, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Angela Parkes, Kevin M. Dunn

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Newcastle is a city redolent with images. Perhaps the most dominant of these is of a male industrial working environment deriving from the days of the 'coally seaport', while other aspects of its identity, such as the female and the Aboriginal, are suppressed and obscured (Dunn et al., 1995). Another recurrent image is of profound community, of solidaritty. This is evident in the 'Our Town' epithet applied to numerous local businesses. 5uch an image is portrayed in the cartoon by Eggleston, where the SS Newcastle is under siege from economic, political and physical forces, where the (all male) inhabitants, clinging ...


Continuidade, Communidade E Contexto: Importancia Na Pesquisa E Avaliacao Da Educacao Na Primeira Infancia, Iram Siraj-Blatchford Jan 1996

Continuidade, Communidade E Contexto: Importancia Na Pesquisa E Avaliacao Da Educacao Na Primeira Infancia, Iram Siraj-Blatchford

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Em seu livro Os doze sobreviventes, Robert Myers comenta a preocupação em expandir projetos-pilotos de desenvolvimento e chama atenção para o seguinte fato: a pressão para que sejam oferecidas soluções de grande alcance torna-se, com freqüência, um problema. " Por ironia, embora sejam humanitários os motivos que geram preocupação com a cobertura, é exatamente o aspecto humano que corre risco de perder-se no processo, quando o que está em mira são ações cada vez maiores. Quando o essencial passa a ser a mais ampla cobertura possível - objetivo, às vezes, alcançado - atribui-se uma importância indevida aos números, tornando-os um fim em si ...


Marijuana: A Guide To Quitting, Brin F. S Grenyer, Nadia Solowij, Richard Peters Jan 1996

Marijuana: A Guide To Quitting, Brin F. S Grenyer, Nadia Solowij, Richard Peters

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

No abstract provided.


Perceiving Self-Motion In Depth: The Role Of Stereoscopic Motion And Changing-Size Cues, Stephen Palmisano Jan 1996

Perceiving Self-Motion In Depth: The Role Of Stereoscopic Motion And Changing-Size Cues, Stephen Palmisano

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

During self-motions different patterns of optic flow are presented to the left and right eyes. Previous research has, however, focussed mainly on the self-motion information contained in a single pattern of optic flow. The current studies investigated the role that binocular disparity plays in the visual perception of self-motion, showing that the addition of stereoscopic cues to optic flow significantly improves forwards linear vection in central vision. Improvements were also achieved by adding changing-size cues to sparse (but not dense) flow patterns. These findings showed that assumptions in the heading literature that stereoscopic cues only facilitate self-motion when the optic ...


Power And Influence In Urban Planning: Community And Property Interests' Participation In Dublin's Planning System, Pauline M. Mcguirk Jan 1995

Power And Influence In Urban Planning: Community And Property Interests' Participation In Dublin's Planning System, Pauline M. Mcguirk

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Using local authority planning in Dublin as a case study. the extent and effectiveness of community and development interests' participation in policy formulation is examined. A primary locus is on the nature and timing of participation as a determinant of the relalive influence that each can exert over policy decisions. A critical distinction is drawn between formal and informal participation channels. The vast array of informal channels available to development interests can mean that they have little need to participate formally; thus a primary and secondary layer of influence on policy formulation can be distinguished. The primary layer is largely ...


Nourish And Nurture: World Food Programme Assistance For Early Childhood Education In India's Integrated Child Development Service, Iram Siraj-Blatchford Jan 1995

Nourish And Nurture: World Food Programme Assistance For Early Childhood Education In India's Integrated Child Development Service, Iram Siraj-Blatchford

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Part of UNESCO's Action Research in Family and Early Childhood series, this monograph is based upon a technical report on the Early Childhood Education (ECE) component of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) program in India. This document overviews the ICDS and how better use could be made of World Food Programme (WFP) food aid along with the ECE component, including the aspect of providing education to mothers and adolescent girls. The report notes that the WFP has provided support to ICDS since March 1976; the other main donor supporting ICDS is the American organization, CARE. Also noted is ...


Equitable Access To Education For Young Homeless People, Valerie Harwood, Ruth Phelan Jan 1995

Equitable Access To Education For Young Homeless People, Valerie Harwood, Ruth Phelan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

At the National Social Policy Conference in 1995 we were one of a minority of service providers presenting a paper; in fact we found ourselves presenting with one other of this minority at the last session of the conference on Friday afternoon. It was a disappointing time slot and left us pondering the question of how seriously 'policy makers' take the contributions of the people who are at the 'coalface'. We made the decision to present a paper at the conference because we believe the program we initiated is innovative and beneficial to a severely marginalised group of young people ...


Technology In Teacher Education: Using Multimedia To Enhance The Design And Make Process, Brian Ferry, Christine A. Brown Jan 1995

Technology In Teacher Education: Using Multimedia To Enhance The Design And Make Process, Brian Ferry, Christine A. Brown

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This paper reports on the use of a multimedia journal to enhance a subject in technology education. The subject was delivered to preservice teachers studying to be primary school teachers. The multimedia journal was used to assist in the delivery of the subject and to record the progress made by students. It is argued that multimedia used in this manner complements and extends upon the teaching program and becomes an integral part of the learning process.


School Geometry: Focus On Knowledge Organisation, Mohan Chinnappan, Michaell Lawson Jan 1994

School Geometry: Focus On Knowledge Organisation, Mohan Chinnappan, Michaell Lawson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Given that geometry is an area of mathematics that has a firm and obvious basis in the real environment, senior secondary students have surprising difficulties in geometric problem-solving. One distinct difficulty appears to be in activating the particular concepts among those previously acquired that are applicable to the problem at hand. A model is presented for analysis of student understanding, based on five levels of geometric knowledge.


Educational Issues For Family Day Care: Results Of A South Australian Survey, Peter J. Camilleri, Rosemary Kennedy Jan 1994

Educational Issues For Family Day Care: Results Of A South Australian Survey, Peter J. Camilleri, Rosemary Kennedy

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The training of family day care providers has been piecemeal, informal and of questionable quality. Their training has not been a serious issue because of the widely held view that family day care is an extension of the 'mothering' skills of the provider. This view of family day care as a 'home away from home' and the perception that it is essentially an extension of the normal domestic duties of women has mitigated against the development of formalised training. The push towards better and more importantly formalised training for family day care providers has arisen through a variety of reasons ...


Performance Indicators: Just How Do You Weight Them?, John Hattie, Jim S. Tognolini Jan 1994

Performance Indicators: Just How Do You Weight Them?, John Hattie, Jim S. Tognolini

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The development and use of performance indicators in higher education has become a major topic for research and discussion throughout the world. Research efforts and resources are being channeled into improving their use. These efforts include extending the range (including developing indicators of quality) and objectivity of indicators; improving the procedures for measuring weighting and combining performance indicators; and refining procedures for linking funding and resource allocation to performance indicators. This paper uses a questionnaire and a sample of responses to demonstrate a methodology for making explicit the weightings experts ascribe to individual performance indicators used in the process of ...


Intrusiveness Of Interventions: Ratings By Psychologists, R Don Tustin, Barbara Pennington, Mitchell K. Byrne Jan 1994

Intrusiveness Of Interventions: Ratings By Psychologists, R Don Tustin, Barbara Pennington, Mitchell K. Byrne

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

A survey was conducted of opinions of 24 psychologists in South Australia about the intrusiveness of 89 interventions including methods that might be used to reduce challenging behaviour. Interventions arose from a variety of sources, including behavioural psychology and medicine. Interventions might infringe on 8 different rights. Respondents rated the degree to which interventions were perceived to intrude on clients' rights, using a 4-point scale: abusive, very intrusive, intrusive, and not intrusive. A reasonable degree of consistency in ratings was found. Respondents did not rate all interventions that infringed on the same right as being equally intrusive. A number of ...


Predskolni Pece A Vychova, Edward Melhuish Jan 1993

Predskolni Pece A Vychova, Edward Melhuish

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

No abstract provided.


A Potpourri Of Institutional Research Issues In A Planning Environment, Jim S. Tognolini, Peter Mccormack Jan 1993

A Potpourri Of Institutional Research Issues In A Planning Environment, Jim S. Tognolini, Peter Mccormack

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The need for institutional research in Australian tertiary institutions appears to be expanding. It is spurred on by the increased demands for institutional accountability and assessment, coupled with developments in planning and policy analysis, in a climate of diminishing resources. It is in this context that we thought it might be interesting, and timely, to prepare a paper to consider some of the practical issues confronted by an institutional research unit which is centrally involved in a university's integrated strategic planning and budgeting processes. In this presentation we will discuss issues such as role identity and the plight of ...


Effective Teaching In The Early Years: Fostering Children's Learning In Nurseries And In Infant Classes, Tricia David, Audrey Curtis, Iram Siraj-Blatchford Jan 1992

Effective Teaching In The Early Years: Fostering Children's Learning In Nurseries And In Infant Classes, Tricia David, Audrey Curtis, Iram Siraj-Blatchford

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This report will consider three questions:- what do we know about how young children learn? • what do we know about life in early years classrooms and schools? • do we have a vision for the future, and how should early years teachers be educated and trained in order that they provide excellent education for all?


The Ideal Teacher: A Curriculum Framework For Teachers Of Primary Mathematics, Anthony Herrington, Barbara Pence, Bill Cockcroft Jan 1992

The Ideal Teacher: A Curriculum Framework For Teachers Of Primary Mathematics, Anthony Herrington, Barbara Pence, Bill Cockcroft

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This paper suggests a curriculum framework for training prospective primary teachers of mathematics. Such a framework needs to be viewed in the context of the skills and understandings that are reflected in successful mathematics teachers.


Bioethics, Faith And Reason: Recent Writing In Medical Bioethics, Neville Hicks, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer Jan 1989

Bioethics, Faith And Reason: Recent Writing In Medical Bioethics, Neville Hicks, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Reviews five medical bioethics texts


Australianising Social Welfare Education: The Development Of A Major Sequence 'Australian Cultural Studies' In A New B.Soc.Sci. (Community Service), Peter J. Camilleri, Rosemary Kennedy, Rod Oxenberry Jan 1989

Australianising Social Welfare Education: The Development Of A Major Sequence 'Australian Cultural Studies' In A New B.Soc.Sci. (Community Service), Peter J. Camilleri, Rosemary Kennedy, Rod Oxenberry

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Much of social welfare education in Australia is built upon the tried and tested knowledge bases developed within American and British approaches to social work and welfare provision. The experience of those two countries has dominated the theoretical frameworks for practice intervention and indeed, the analysis of social problems and societal responses to them. Australian experience has tended to play a supplementary role in that differences in context have altered or modified aspects of these overseas approaches, or some peculiar aspect of case experience has led to variations in response. The review and development of educational programs for social welfare ...